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Full text of "History of Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania. With illustrations descriptive of its scenery, palatial residences, public buildings, fine blocks, and important manufactories. From original sketches by artists of the highest ability."

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Jl^fdcri4 ^' GodcliarLiis 

COURT HOUSE, Su m^r /a 








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larius'iir Northumborliind— Description— Qeograpbicfll— Geological, etc. 

ints in tho Orgoiiimiion of the County— Firat Court, etc. . 


Goorgotown . 
South Danvillo 



Civil War of 1700-1784, continued 


TiiQ Centennial of CbomiBtry— Dr. Pricatly 

Horao Racing — Bcnr Show — Pool Racing — Early Manufactures — Pourtb of July 
Uclobrntion — Franklin 'a Loiters — Domes lie Tragedy — Shamokinandaiahanoy 
—Early Times' Sehoolmostor— Sunbury Court, elc 

War of Robcllion — Muster Rolls— Captains James Taggart, TVoIh, and Sljilcr— 

Sanitary Commission, etc 

The Gorman Reformed Church— LuthuTun Churc 
Hittory of Sunbury 
tiunburyJIililary Record 

John's Church, Shnmokin (Plate VI.) - 
■si Presbyterian Church, Shamokin (Plate VI.) 
nily Evangelical Church, Sharookin {Plate Til.) 
arose School Building, Sbamokin (Plate VIII.) 

en BiUcnbender. Shamokin (Plate XVII.) . 
el John, Shamokin (Plaie XVII.) 
A. Sober, Sunbury (Plato XVIII.) 
ha5. M. JlarUn, Sunhury (Plate XVI 

I Shipman, Sunbury (Pluto XVIII.) 
:e W. Ryon, Shamokin (Pluto XIX.) 
!. W. TVeaver, Shamokin (Pkle XIS, 

and I 

e XIX.) 

o XIX.) 

lesidence of J. B. Liniebach, Lewis Township (Plato XX.) 

■' Christopbcr Raup, Lewis Township' "(PI ale XXL) Eysler, Del a wat^ Township (Plnle XXII.) . 

John Nicely, Delaware Township (Plate XXII.) . 

Thomas Doarmond, " (Plate SXUL) 

tcsidenco and Dairy Farm of J. H. Kaso, Rush Tot 

(Plato XXIII.) 

Icsidcnco of Wm. P. Dougal, Milton (Plate XXIV.) 

Misses S. M. and L. B. OpM, Poini Tm 

s ot KcT. M. J. Catolberi, Millo» (Pl»lo XXV.) 
Homtttene of David M.rr, d»««.«a, Milton (Pl.t. XXT-l 
Hi„™iao Nun.rv, P»vid Clilli, r.iv.r.i<lf (1'1«1b XXTI.) 

■]„t..XXVI.) . . 

onvill,. ilMutjXXVII.l 

dencc of John Knoa 

Snmuel Culi 

dencc and Ferry, C 



I, Wilt 

11, (P 


Messenger, WBUonville (Pl»lo XXVIM 
Property oC Joseph Emricl., Lower AugusU Township (Plele 


Eesidenco and Mill, John Shipman, Eughes Station {Plato 


Besidencc ot T. H. Purdy, Sonhurj (PlnUi XXIX.) . 

J. J. John end Jos. May, Shamokin (Plate XXIX.) 
Kesidonce and Store, Caroline Daliu., Suubory (Plate XXIX.) 
Kesidenee of 0. H.Ostrander, Riverside (Plate XXX.) . 







W- A 

. Leopold 




A. C 

Clarke (P 



H. C 





:. I. Krickbaum 


XXX.) . 


Solomon Mallei. 


XXXI. 1 



Cake (Pla 




niah Snyd 





raings, Esq.'(Pla 

eXXXL) . 



B. Paeke 



Prof. W 




r, S. B. . 


e, Est,., A 


Brodheud. Get 



vcr, Kimb 

er . 

Cooper, Judge Tlionm 
Curamings, M.D., A. 
Davis, Henry E. . 
Davis, Jr., J. K. . 
Dossingor, Dnvid C. 
Douty, John 13. . 
Durham, Joseph G. 
Eichliollz, J. E. . 
Httvtley, Col, Thomns 

Hill, George . 
John, J. J. . 
Jordan, Hon. Alexander 

. B. 

. Hamn 


ry, Jaeob 


er, Hon. Sain 


V, Hon. T H 


el, Thomas H 

The Cuke Family . 
The Dewart Fnmily 
The Shipman Family 
Wilvort, Emanuel . 

Wolvcrton, Hon. Simo 













i toil, 

■ made 


t I he 

s the ff 

iind those coming iit^ei 
deiiial and herobm hi 
arduous task of lesun-e 

,ril tiujilly 
vhich the 

> '1 historj' 

111 IDtCDSe 

>r the old 

TIk- sleady march of civilization 
Plymouth Rock, can be traced 
s way towanl the setting sun. 

v j»? a peiiple, that the echoes of 
M ilir ilirn;iis ••]' till' st'irm-bouud 

;i-|ijii(-, i)i:it inlliJVMil, is fraught 

e nf time, and now, as we stand 
d years' labor as a nation has erected, 
il s\\ell with pride at the thought of what 
[KTiod. On everj- hand are seen evi- 
inilieli'd unioug any other people on earth; 

[iipli^hfil in Io=.= than tit^ii 

nn.u-. \Vi;l,.,ui the light 
M 111- ,A|iirniniM:il ; without 
I, iiv v,I,;m ;./../.. would be 

■ !'■■ ■ '■■ ■: livilizatiou 


I I v.. the full 

■ ■! .LJi.l H..IJII II. vvliiise labors 

iiLil liy the lessons their self- 
■iiteL- ujiou tho pleasing, but 
uf oblivion, a tnithful recortl 

of the acts of those modest bnt truly great, who were well content to retire 
behind the veil, so that othera should enjoy the fruits of their labor. We, 
to-day, are living in the jieaccful eujoyment of everything that a lnjuntiful 

^tL" the 

l.-rri(Mr_v .itlik.',.'xl,i,i i. rit-her in thrilling event.- ; n.. -.nuTi Iki- .-n-t a 
L'r.iit..r .■■viiij.lituiv ,,[■ i„u-r!e and blood. It is nut .xi..-.-!.-.] t- iiiiihfully 
|i-.rii-:iy i\,rv "VMii ■■t "iTitc-rest; to give to each an.l :[ll iln- lull i-r.iiit to 
wliiuh tliL-v arj justly uiititleil; but it is expected :■• lurni-h a- luiihlid a . 
chronical of the leading men and incidents as can Kf nhijiim .1 Many 'sca- 
eratioDS have passed since the first settler penetrate.-. I ili< unlinik-ri wiider- 
ne^ that prevailed here. Many matters that woulii hf jintiiali!.; L.r u.- to 
know, have been long since forgotten. The principal at-lor^, aiUr laiihfully 
performing their part here, have gone to receive their reward, rendering it 
impossible to be as faithful in portraying the past as its importance demands ; 
but an earnest effort will be made lu make- our history truly represent the 
most important facts, from tin.- time when the i:n-^-\ Conrad Weiser preached 
glad tidings to .'ihikfUnw and hi- .!ii-ky lullnwers. to the present. If we 
shall awaken in the mimi nf any fnuin- wrircr, a desire to penetrate deeper 
into the labyrinthian past; if w-- >hall anai.-.- in our jie-iple of to-day, an 
interest in their own local history ; we shall have accomplishe*! all that is ex- 
pected, and shall leave it tor the ftiture historian to take up the work where 
we have left it, and complete phat has been so imperfectly b^iin. 


An Act for erecting apart nj th- ■■■,.u„h ,.; / -,. , '- , c. ,...', .■!■:„■!, I), .-h, 

Norlhampion and Bedford, <'„'.: .. -, ' \: ■-. . i. 1. that all 

and singularly, the lands iyiiiL' uod li.ii,_ i.; : iin .;,-i.iii - li.i^iwing; 
that is to say, beginning at the nmutb .■!^... Lrt<;i.,..ii tlit nt=tside 
of tlie river Susquehanna ; tlience up the south side of said creek, by the 
several courses thereof, to the head at Robert Metur's spring; thence west 
; thence s<)uth-westerlv along the 

■. r!i,' 

.-t.rlv side 

into ihc same, at the place calle.1 .Spread Eagle, 
la ; thence down and across the river to the 
md the same is hereby erected into a County, 

f that q II d b 1 rel a. f tl II b tl S q 
t ill V] 1 1 4 nd b th P 1 t 0= t T 

Tl tif OS tm a fi tt ,1 

N tl bid 

tl 1 d 1 1 

11 11 tl 1 1 

Th C tl iN tb b 1 dD 

TPllpM JI Eki III H&et] C 

f K 

m c S. AI tmg tl L e- D d g tl C tl f B 

ka ^ 

tl mb 

1 d N tl r t L 

T E I 1 CI e r. M k re i 1 m-) 
M b t t A 1 C k t tl N tl mit f 




16 1» 

C t L ' ) 

P r, tl pt C t L t tl L h d") 

pth t L cr E p tCl mC f 



M k r- , k 1 ^c, A \ 

E| 1| dth^(!s.a,TL) 


16 10 

1 1 1 1 1 M D t 40 D ) 8 D 11 p ) 

1 1 1 II B L 4 D 11 p D 1 T D 



11 1 1 L J 

1 1 1 k It 1 



T D t 11 1 1 L 



r J h r s 1 II 1 



I IJ t tt H 1 1 L 


T 1 1 E 1 11 I 1 1 11 


IS 1 


4 J» 


s I mng till- 1 

It haa been remarked In a celebrated histoi ma tliat in the lufaucj of 
«ociet\ incD ire f tupit I \Mtli tlii, bu'-iness ol the present torgetful of the 
post and rc<! udk- I the lutmc and the e\pencnce= oi all ages md coun 
tnes imiii h ibundant It tim n\ t > the truth oi this Jeeiaiation There (ue 
fe^\ tcrnt( ne- tht tiih tltkineiit A nhith nftord a nioie foruble e\empb 
fitat)on(f the truth ollhi than thai enil i leed within the e^llhneaot^nlthum 
herland Count-\ Iht n ituial i Ktadt- hli\\\]ur met the danger^ from 
toes \\Uhr ut the eh iiac ler ot the j e< pie w li t n^titulL 1 Imgeh the pioneere 
into thu then rn^^e I an I in .luil iiri u e unti \ ill tei k 1 t j a e n htion of 

the mind • f uti 
deal [he uhain 

ill I nt tl 
11 u >M Iliu 

the I lee it L m.klj « imm ml tan/ i Lile l- 
content to Let the dead past bun the dead and i 
J tlie graMJ being the fanal lesting place ol the fouI 

tl Ot in h 

m th I 

hi f f d g c 

t ttl 
eq 11 

PP P t ; 



i h 

f I 

, tl 

Th J 1 i tl g I fl f, 

t I tl b 1 1 11 ttl 1 L tl t i pi 1 d p 

t tl k\ 1 ft tl t p p diculaiH Jioot hea\OL\\aid, as if contending 

in majesty with the cloud- AVhnt a home loi the led man was heie fonndi 
Isolated iitmi all that mtenuptcd hia eiijD^nient in caith what ecstatic 
emotions nlustha^eenraptuled his'-oul a? he gn^eJupm the w indtousi^orks 
of the God he adoied nninfc ting in the eonipilalun --tieiigth and wisdom 
far bejond hi-- erude imagination' It i- ei'-\ ioi the dieainei to see a lepro 
ductionol the«cenG3 that nbuinlred an<l t«enl\ ^eii a^e weie tiaih emcted 
here The dui=k\ hnntei aciliuf, tlic cliH-. pad Ihn^, ei the bo=oin of 
the crooked in ei in quest of hit, ^amc uuublini; \Mtli the tieelom ot a 
child of nature asheMT^ ■«hele^el inchnatim pi mpted The hrkhned 
maid, with step as lithe and limb ah iree is the bLautitul L,uelk b unding 
1 through the ioie-t oi ehantiug hei h\e s ngs ti the uMiig 
i rejjieiduccd as the eic wandei-s o\er the nia^iniheent 
scener), more ;rrind hetau'^e ait has iit\ei heeu ible to delace the ni^.^'-l 
lines tnieed b> the hiif,ei (i God The consonance if the scenen Hith the 
aboriginal inhahifaiita is tiiknig inipic iiig (he min 1 lulli imcwhittj 
exUted ^]-ini.mtth<.e who b\ lea^iuoi btiiv l o u ptibk haxcimbihcd 
min\ habits f their more enliphtcnccl Inothi i i !i u i ilI\ t he 

niinihcicJMith the things and people that \\ i Ih p ^i t ei\di/T 

tiunwih\ei\ lUw in tins Connt\, until the j cniii^ nj t tiit {.itnt arteries 
of w calth — the coal \ ems ot the Mnhauo^ and Miamokiu i egion Foi centu 
ne- theie had been nceumulating in the hoMelu of the euth far lemoved 

hunter 411 tlic-e a 




(1 y f 

J esP ] 

C b & 
T L E H 

•n P 

J hn 

h d 

Vndr w 

<1 Jhn 

p d fi 

h b 
J d 
111 ii 


book and the 1 nr leoed criin nnl I mted 1 a a el and puu 1 ed u 1 1 the 
JO of eartl I e ome tmued to tt c b tte ne^ ot gall — 1 o«e 1 an 1 IS set 
aga u t o\er nan and e er> mani agn u t 1 Ot tl e la t Joseil 
D bur a undoubtedh ent tie 1 t tl e pal i. b n„ he n t epressi 
ble ^ n 1 c rr gible 1 ai r a d th et ot 1 la The uau e ot Diel ury 
beca e the s nommofe\erj tl lug b d Josephs piopen tiis led 1 m to 
tlcacc n ulation of propeit-v oftene b> Ue^ tt nate mean than otbe ise. 
H ould teal anything that an e n I s aj and hen confronted bv 1 s 
ac u cr- as^u ed an air ot u q Jro I tl it utterh noapl ssed h s eneni es 
He a tie J eutl mder nrre t and on one ca on for approp ating a 
nc thbor c he left ja 1 n uiu 1 u eap. At tl c Aug t es= on of 1 98 
hCTia.. rra en d and tr ed u tl en ben ent forbarglan He astound 
gu It and entcnce I to e n ears 1 ar 1 hb r on ea 1 th aH rd {, I n 

1. a 1 tl 1 1 ou I c 1 I IS 1 t. I r n nd at ta on) o |U tted 

^o^tlu lerlnnlCnnt t r i a. n fat en Atll Afrles-ion 

f r If. 4 I 1 B f 1 He e jro 1 1 tl e 

1 ^ n n n I 1 I 1 1 1 r llj 1 c 





t 1 th It to 

f e lat de aude 1 tic 

^ and exc e 1 t! e i gnn at ho 

I d disgra e 1 for all time h n self 

1 1 he 1 1 11 a n Ihs 

t 11 11 t 


1 1 of 



1 1 n 1 ttl 
1 al I b g 1 

Pcoil a 1 n 1 t 1 I 
a d lake tl r n ^1 r a 1 
nc(- tesoilfe uln n 

that jr ng ant nd e 1 

and p nttdanu a tl 
t e n 1 ant t nk n 1 r , ] 
m tl- 1 t uld 1 a 11 
m t n Fi^ult d 1 e 1 1 1 
in n a 1 at re J al lut 1 

tier 1 fl 11 a i ong as 

ente el to b lu g T on this It 

ad undergone son el t ot a cl noge 

nlh an 1 augnrmg ell tor tl e future 

th u{.l u be gi%en to con ent oual t es 

1 i nuins for sclfprcse at on 

t] e B ble teacl i gs 1 terallv 

hu 1 1 i. tl c cnuntr u j ro es 

I 1 t fr rdu us tod 

n t r laxal n t the mud 



Asm ha 
nry n 

do u to to CO fir such a tradit on tl ere is notl ing to lisprove t and t 
sas elltofurnLl t for t oitl tl o t gro ndle.s sj ec lat on atte d 
ing to I at L iehn tei) k o n regar 1 nj, ] e 1 ee or- In tl e ea 1} 

part of tl t 1 tl ent p bal 1 al ut 1 1 r 1 a fa ce ar a for 
a long t n e age 1 1 et een tl e i o j o on one d a 1 tl e If and 

Ermlndan ou the otl e tie o ul 1 e total s bj gat n f tl £ e 

1 1 o left their old 1 ome Ij to 1 I kc 1 1 st 11 1 ear. tl o c 

andjo nejel o th a 1 tl let a 1 Tl la Tl e pa t la 

trbe en igrat ng soutl a ie S/u lee tie le-del f an 

yea ■« unt 1 finall b com ng ol e 1 n ar tl tl Span a d a d 
Souile Indan the en grated n th arl nd lu atcl at tl e co flue ce 
of tl fl aba 1 and 01 o r e Co ernor Cos= t ng f tl e S/ art 

sajotle 1 t L m ol ed m n u 1 bs u t) Tl e r lauguaf, sAlgti 
fju a 1 lo I all 1 tie A /o/o nud ot] e 1 let spoke 1 t I 
1 1 a e 1 e 1 fo no 1 11 Ob o B t tl e a e kn lac 

ecenth cm t 1 fion tl e o tl 1 r tl e^ c e unded 1 ) a fa 1 

oftibe— C I Clecl. ,CI a h 1 o ela g n„c tl o 1 I u 




1 as con c do t tl e n fa Icn n ] o u n tl ougl 1 e 
n iraculous 1 a af. tl ro gl tl e great deep Tl at tl 
e te 1 th 1 I } 10(1 tl e actual dent t t laug e 

11 t 
1 I a 

1 Ic I f ■ 

i tl 

1 1 t 


kc- 1 A J , 

1 f I r 

1 1 tl 1 e kn n a tl e .F „ I 

lake to 1 1 the ga e th r na c It u d I t tl 
1 te 1 b t! e Imti of I ut t e ] robable tl at e e 

de 1 tl en nto t | n ts or ot h cl n le tl e n 
sought refuge fiom the enen e^ n tl nn e p a e 1 
an 1 tl e M ss .oipi and tl e otl e de tl n n S 
C/ rfilee count ■> an 1 tl ence fu tl er soutl C n (. 
tcr allj differ fron our o n ers on of tl e or „ n f tl S/ 
at one dai nl al ted tl s countr The fan e of •« 11 a 

trated the es ern hon es of tl e S/a e 
am ng the Dda a ea Tl is t be 1 ad 1 
tcr IS tl the Sx ^at o and be ng 
aga u t them r ad h grant d the ] er 
of theSyo cno d n.t a 1 a 1 

The> 1 ougl t tl tl n tl e 1 k p 
a t ne gl 1 r. tl e >outl an 1 1 1 
hulent a cl a acter as to ne e^ e 

e\t mo e a- to tl e 1 nk II s i 
fiol 1 a tl e l/o ejt 1 fo r 1 
aro m 1 M use nk o tl c Del 1 

lo gltie 
;en f r e t 

ue on u fiieodh 
n I t ng a force 
lugl aiorton 

f tl 



end of A\ 

r\ 1 

I L Tl e r settl i 

uotl g u li hib r) 

tlie two brandies. One uf the kingy, or ehicts of tiiis i 
whose exploits are coninieraorated by giviug his nu 
niokiu Creek, in tlib County. Here, for many yei 
peace ; tlieir \\auderings up and down the enrtli t( 
women cultivated their little patches of grain ; tlie hunter traversed the hills 
and forests in quest of game ; the papooses gamboled in the sunshine, utterly 
regardless of all but the blissful present. Bui not long *vas this peaceful 
scene to continue. A cloud, that for fifty yenrd was tbrmijig, appeared in the 
east, to cast a shadow over the happy homes of the hunted Shawiinae. 
William Penn arrived in North Anierica, in 1682, and, although a lowly 
Christian himself, had followei-s, who, having not the fear of God before their 
eyes, did not hesitate to excite the cupidity of the unsophisticated children 
of the forest, and by any and all mean.s take advantage. Penn (brmed 
many treaties, and concluded many purchases, no one of which, however, were 
well defined. Some of the deeds of purchaf^ea called lor as much territory as a 
horee could run around, within a given tiiiie, or a man could walk around. 
Oneofthesebounds, only, was ever settled in the iiotod Friend's day, and 
that by himself, in company with some chiells ami friends, when tliey made 
a day's journey, halting frequently to converse, sninke, ami eat, making but 
about thirty miles in the allotted time. After liis dLatli. a rn[.y of one of these 
walk-deeds, wa. found bv Thomas and Jul,,, I'cnn. w hu, at a cmmcil in 1733. 
fifty years alter il had been drawn up. pre.^oate-l ii t^. tlu^ Iii-ii;ins, and received 
from them an acknowledgement of its validity, and under this, an arraugc- 
inent was made for a walk of one day and a half, to settle the boundaries. 
The Penn.s, nlthoitgh strict Quakers, did not shrink from using means, about 

e to a little town ou Sha 
1, the kSliawancse divelt ii 
iiinated for a time. Th( 


the houesty of wliioli there could be some question, nnd adverlisetl fur nnd 
near for the fastest wnlkers; ofiering five hunudrcd acres of land and five 
pounds in money, to the man ivlio shouhl walk the frBotest distance in the 
allotted time. Every facility ivas flirniahcd them ; a dii-eet line iva., run 
undcrl.msh .ieared „,vny, rcfrchmeuts placed at convenient distances, that 
there niiglit he no delay During the month of Scptemher, 1737, Edward 
Mai-shnll, James Yates, and .Solomon Jcunings, with three Indians, started 
at sum isL II nm a stipulated spot and commenced the trial At the eud of t\\ o 
houiv Jcnnmp»andt»olndiansga>cout uearEa>ton the thud Indian sue 
enmbcd lh^ue^t dai Yates tell iamting and Marshall proceeded ou alone 
At noou of the sccon] dn) he stopped ei(,htj si\ miles trom the stalling 
pomt This pnichasc tiik m all the ood land and as a consequence TOut 
disatishclmn u as lelt and manifested h, the Indian In their naturiUim 
phcit, the) lindtiustoltliewhite nniij time, oalj to find them.eli K, duped 
and mtli^ued Tins had been lepeited on o mani occasi ns that Indian 
natniecinld no longer submit and the Dt/aucite^ \(Ln propeih lefnscd to 
gHeuptliiii richhunting„iounds foiiihichthei hil . v 1 1 , ,| 

lemuncratnn The Penn= detcinmed to complete tl i 

me-=cnf,ci t( the S( Nulioti uho then ilaimed ti li II i 
jn^ali n iidorniiiig them of the uicumstances an I 
eliKf t 111 tl I I ,t I 1 ,1, i , l.ugl, ,„ ,1 
1"""1 ' "ibei It, 1 I, l.uUl ,u 

I I 1 tht f> h (o £v lud a geneial 

*- "'"-' 1 ] nin L piueJ the cinteiente 

'' ' 11 nut 1 pre ent--. among the 

i I ctaiic bad made purchases in 
^ I 1 see them est iblishidin 


n the 

■i I Chiistiini/ed people onl> pia 

tl aulthci ulil/„j„ "ithliau hied b, the Go; ernoi Slum— thou 
blankets stuHed iMth u ele.,s tiinkets tiim the amesurce on the othei the 
liandhilufiJeSiuoie! nionstd cheated denied aud abused h\ then owniaie 
because tlie\ pos^eosed some little knowledge of the dupluiti f the whites 
Tbeiewasbutoneieaulttisiithharangue riieiepieentati\e= t the Sn iVa 
tiom decided that the puichase had been made in a fair aud legitinnte ua\ 
that the Ddauare^ had lecened full ti usideration In the land elaiine 1 to 
ha\ebeuipuitha ed aud that tlict imistlcaie Thedeci^lonuasdelucied b) 
Conw^^ih/o a teiieiable Chief who tonk lecasion to deluei himself of a 
spec h uhiehfoi hautem witheiing buiniii^ =aiea^m has no c pial in the. or 
am othei langu ige He ai i e in the name of all the depntie- aud addre... ing 
himself t.theGneiiioi »aid Thci saw the iJeiiiinushul been an uniuli 
people and weie altegcther in the wrong and the) had eoucliided tr ienio\c 
them Then tuiiimj, to the iJc/ouare^inatiolentmauncr he said \on 
de.eueto be taken b> the hail of ^ our heads and shaken till yon recover your 
sensfe, and become s ibei "We hn\ e seen a deed sigue 1 b) nuie of ) oni chiefs 
nboi e fift) ) eaiv ago foi this \ ei ) land (The deed w ns the one made to \Vil 
ham Penn in 1688 which has succ&,sors had resurrected tiom foigctfulnessl 
But how came i ou to take upon ) our elt to "ell lands at ill \\ e con |uered 
)ou wemadewomcn oliou lui knew louarcw.mon and can ne moiesell 
lauds than w men ^ol is it fit that loi should hale the p »ei to sell 
lands inceiouwoullnbueit Ion hnebeen fuinished withcljfhu! meat 
and dunk b) the goods paid ) ou foi it mid now )ou want it again like 
clllldieuaS)onaie But what makes you ell laiuk m the laik' Did,ou 
e) er tell ns)ou had sold this laud' Did we ever iceene am fait e\en the 
lalueofpiposhaukforif lou ha\e told us a blind tin tl at \ u sent a 
inesacngei to inform us of the sale but he neiei came amongst us norhnve 
ttee\ei heaid anithing about It Butwehud \ou aie none of oni blood 
)ouaetadishone=tpaituotonl) in this but othei matters loui ears are ever 
open to slanderous reports about )our hicthren Tn ill theae leasous we 
chaige)outoiemove,n tanth we d , t „ne lou lil)eit\ t think about it 
"ion aio women take tl ih lai i lan an 1 iuui\c in Innth "ion 

ma\ return to the othci I 1 th D 1 ii wl le i u e m e li m but we 
donolkuiwnwhcthii il ni h i 1 1 ine I i leuicd i luivelf , u wdl 

bepeiraittedloliie Ihei ■ wh ther i iln n t dieadi w dijwed that 
lanl 1 wn irni 111 il well i tie lin I on til lie «e iheiel le 


B of all their loss of home and il 

association, and what was a still greater 
source of eliogrin-thc withering contempt with which they had been treated 
by then- mastere, the i,o,«o«. They found their former allies and neighboi^ 
already in possession of the territory, hut as the Dtlmmrct had moved sub- 
ject to ordci-a of the Chiefs of the Six Salioiu, the Shawaime, who were also 
in subjection, interposed no obstacles to a peaceful settlement of their unfor- 
fallen neighbni^. Thus through a 

which weie brought about after 

tnhcs came to oeeup) the fain land of Northumberland Frrmim'Tl 

did thi^e tw till 1 II t _ tl 1 111 I t irt 1 I e 1 ..1 .... . 



win hill 

quencc- to mane i I k\ iin i t! it I \ 

I the e Ml h hnieiit I imr I rn idabli I arrier I t'l'ieen the 
triba While the w aim r >t the j9 / i< weie liuutin„ m on" the 
latiiins a iiumbei of their piaw were g ithenii^ nil 1 Imu^ aljn° the 
ginif thenier btl w t 1 n whcidtbei I nnl i ,e S/oiia i onaw 
ante- ii| n the same errand A papoo t 
belmgin. t, the V„ ,„ « haimg taken , li,„ „ra h pper i quarrel 
ai .1 am ng the el il Ir n fii p icn lu which the ni th r t k , irt V 

iu„ninan 1 ittleensued in whKhanumbtrw re k II I , 1 1| s; „,„ 
finnllj forced aero 3 them er Upon the rcturi I I i rl tribes 

pi epared ioi battle to aieuge the w longs sustii 11 I r|,c 

Shauaime crc^ed oiei and en oi,,el the 7) ! \ ti lit 

in whuhninii) hundicl wei I II 1 tl s; i, 

own ide f thernci sh rlh li I i I ., 

totheOhi Pheft/i , I II ! ,|, 

cntiietallei theirnnmb i^l i ,. j !h i 

of theston if tbeiraihi \cmenl » r th Sit , 

The Di/ , , , aimed in tl is >allc, iii 1740 during the teign ot the 
humane an 1 noble ShUam thefu fame] chief of the subsidiarv tribe, or 
dctachm nts that hale been settle 1 here b) oideroftlic Six Nahcm Not 
with tan but the wrongMufiieted upon hr, people b^ tliewbitfe and the Penn 
gneiuintutin paiticulu— of whiih the mam instiinies of deception and 
thicanen aU rded the mo t irielrigableprooi— he wa»readi torccei\e with 
open arm. the humble h ciple. 1 1 Cliruf whoa call, ns 1746 1 und their 
way here to di pense the doctrine ot tlmriti and fan dialing How it 
lllnslhaie tested tlieeiedulit) of tlie-e iipiight heathen to hue gnen full 
cielencetotlicword..if histeachei^ Oftcnbadhi je pletru tc 1 imphcith 
tbcir moie eulightencd fellow beings and o, often bid found tbem=ehe. 
the dupes ot luariiions unpuociple 1 tiiekster. It i, nit claimed that the 
specnlatoi of to da, is entitled to gieatei iminunit, from the cbai„e of dn, 
hine>t\ tlnin the Penn who e time fi r uprightness bad been hcfilded fai 
andwideinad,anee bntit i. elaimed that tl o nseals lii\e net lUlnedlu 
the 19th eenfur, ^\\ ha\e on], to examine some f the records their own 
time ha made tobaie our rmle for th Pinnetirit-s hopele^l, dashed 
Look loi 111 lince at tliefjllowing showing the consummation of n ribber, 
without piiallel CMtpt m tl maehiuali i f i Tweed wh t da, n 
afugiti,eiiomhoine iKtduin„t let hii If be kniwn nmon cuiliicd 

The Indeutu; 

lis a 


jninji. eallelDuikCitek mt Upland called Chc.ter Cieck allalongb, 
thewct ide if themeiDelawnie and j betw een the said creek, cw fti ns 
aritnicmi itlt itiih a Inttemt o rhiy tor aud in cousiderati n i f thfee tol 
lowing goods to no in band paid and =ecuiel tobe paid b, WiiliviiPenn 
Piopiietai, ind &j,ernfr of the Piotinteof Penns\hania an 1 territerie 
thereof ,17 20 guns 20 fathoms of match nat 2 hitln m, ef Stuudwatei 
20 blanket- 20 kettle- 20 poun I if pow ler 100 poiin L if lei I 40 toma 
hawks 100 kimt 40 pair of foikmos 1 birrel of beei 10 p uiiik if red 
lend lOOfifbonis if wampum to gla bjttlts JO pewtci spo ns 100 awl 
blades 300 tobacco rq I 100 ban Is of tobacco '0 tobac ton- 20teels 

si III 





a wdl b I nil 1, ib , 
s,hinii It nehi lei ilea. 1, all f the, 1111 I '' 
anl Buck ( untie Iheebie t u ht I 11 

thefime, hieh whctheijustl, 1 mju tl, li I c 1 , 
thise who had been ascribing to the Indians attid ute 
enabled to judge Indian chaiactei a little nioie lenientl. 


B A 

Dan U th 

hg d g HI 

, until It, just on the north side oi Danville, 


CHAPTER V i^^^ j^ ~^ 

9— S d n p 

b d 
N h 

dp es d 

g dg d ei 

N m 

1j d e. li D 

P b 

H la P 

P d 

e k 

d d d 

b ds h d 

cs g 

Yant es 


d.h 6 r 

h L 


d h ea b isled 



tradiag-house and held llie land ngainsl intrudcre. These men took posses- 
sion of the houses that had been erected by the murdered Connecticut settlers 
and of contse the way \vaB open for a quarrel of the greatest maguitudc ivhen 
the Counectienl people should return, which they did in the mouth follow- 
ing the advent of Stewart, Ogden and Jennings. Finding tlieir housfa and 
improvements occupied by the Pennamites, they erected a block-house, and 
resolved to drive away the Pennsylvania party. They surrounded Ogden s 
block-house and demanded the surrender of its inmates. The wiley Ogden 
requested a conference, which was readily granted, when Sheriff Jennings 
immediately arrested the whole party, and carried them off to Easton jail. 
Here was "an evidence of loyalty it is refreshing to contemplate. The Cou- 
neeticut people to the number of forty, all determined men, bent on the d& 
struction of the Pennsidvanians, in a moment of time, when confronted with 
the Majesty of civil law, surrendering themselves to one man and submitting 
to be marched off to jail ! The prL-oners were released at once on hail and 
returned to complete the work they had commenced. Ogden returned and 
arrested thirty-three and took them to jail, from wheace they were at 
once released" on bail, only to renew the struggle over the prize. In the 
spring of 1770, the Connecticut people were reinforced by one hundred and 
siity of their frieuils.all of whom set to work erecting houses and clearing 
land. On the 24th of May, Ogden and Jennings returned, but finding the 
opposition too strong, proceeded to Easton and reported the condition of 
things to the Governor. The Suiqucbauna people desirou" of pence, at- 
tempted to open negotiations looking to a peaceful settlement of the Jitficul- 

tiea and in furtliu.o f llii- -' nl Col. Dyer and Major Eldcrkin «ith lull 

poiieis to Plol.oh l|.lii I, Oi ,oilo-l .ill matters in dispute relative to Wyoming 
lanih. Thi- id 1 |,i .\ lI.iIiiuIim and in the mouth following Col. Francis 
whh an ariiiLiI, .ipiii .in d in the valley and demanded the surrender of 
the Connecticut in™', but the settlci? being 'strongly ti.rtiSed no attention was 
paid to the Colonel's demand. In September, Sheriff Jennings appeared with 
a force of two hundred, whea the .cttleis HUTendered. Articles of caplt- 
ulaHon were drawmip, and it was stipulated that four of the number should 
be delivered up m prisonen., that seventeen of their number should be per- 
mittetl to remam to mtliei the crops of grain, that all other men, women 
and children .-hould depart for Connecticut, and that all private property 
should be rtspeeted. The sufferings of thoe poor people, forced from their 
homes, just as the inclement season was coming upon them, were terrible. 
One mother, it is said, roasted the body of her dead child and fed the flesh to 
her sur\dving children, to keep them from star\'ing. 

Ogden to bis disgrace as a man and soldier, violated the stipulations and 
entered u'pon the property of the filgirives, capturing everything salable and 
disposing of it Ibr hinoelf and Mloiu-n,. He seized everything worth moving 
so that the -cventcen men leit to gather the grain, having no means ol sub- 
=i-tLmi- fill llie muter, were forced to hillow theii frienib to Connecticut. 
Oi.ilcii. iii-ll -.ili-liul n'ith his succe,s, left a few men in charge of tliefcrriB- 
, uiuii- .loii loiiMil "itb his forcTJ to the country below the Blue Ridge and 
il'iJi.uii'liil .U|.i...iiii- 111- had edifctually stopped any settlement in Wyoming 
In llicCiimiutiiiu |.-.i|ilc Fill four months the territory which had been 
the -nhiecl of -01 li lnln i ib-pon-, remameil in the po!scs.-.-ion of the Peima- 
niitJ-. But m llii -pi me "I 177", a band of rangers from Pntton. who had 
beLonie di-iitL-lieil witli thi I'miuietary Government, under the leadeiship of 
LazciU- Stewart, ot Laiiiii-OT County, affected an arrangement with the 
Su^iueliaiimi Couiiiany, and proeeediug to the valley took possession. Ogden, 
who hail been rei rtiiiiiiu at Philadelphia from the effects of his arduous 
l.ibiin.'indriviii"defen-eie~ nomen and children to tlie forest to lierisli, w as 
gre.,,ii.ired at the turn of event., and ha.stily collecting a body of 
men retunied to Wvoming. Jlajor Ourkce, who bad been captured by 
Ogden the fall 1,,-fiira «n,riii,pri.iineil, had in the meantime returned and 
united with Stewart Tin , -lilt «.,- a iiqilove of < ..den luidhi- meo. all 
of whom except six. who wi li " >■' ;■"■ '"'!'" ^'7! "'T,u''^!^ 
departed. TheYanla,- "m .i- Im^i Hol i.l |ile.-lio .1 |J- .1-.. - i- 111 ■ 1 , nn.i- 


I llo 



eople applied tln-m-ilve- as-idnou-Ij 

f work of building houSies, 
uter. But the enemy that 

ind plenty, was near at hand. 

In September Ogden, with a large force, entered the valley and captured 
several settlers in the field at work. The people in the fort were thrown 
mto the greatest coustcrnation, at the suddeu appearance of so strong a force. 

and became easy victims to the impetuous Ogden. The Yankees werealleap- 
tured, some confined at Easton, others in PhUadclphia. Ogdeu again retired 
from Wvommg leaving twenty men to bold possession, but he had scarcely dis- 
appeared beyond the mountains ere Captain Lazerus Stewart, at the head of 
thirty men, -broke into Uie fort in the night, drove the half-awaked, half- 
naked garrison out and took jossessiou. 

The year 1771 opened with annther vigorous effort on the part of the Pro- 
prietaries to regaui possession of the valley. Ogden, with one hundi-ed men, 
reappeared, accompanied by Sheriff Hncklein of Northampton County, who 
bore a warrant for the apprehension of Stewart. To the Sheriff's demand 
for a surrender, Stewart returned an emphatic refusal. An attack was 
made hy Ogden, which was repulsed with the loss of one killed. The night 
following, Stewart, with twenty-six men, left Fort Durkec. He felt con- 
scious of ha\dng irritated the Pennsylvania Government to such an e-xtent 
that his life would tloubtless be in jeopardy if captured, and chose to put 
ibstanee between himself and the civil otiiceis. The garrison .surrendered 
and again Ogdeu held possession of the disputed lamb. He had so often 
accomplished the same result, hoping that it had been final, and leavmg, 
found his hopes iBspelletl by the ubiquitous Y'ankecs, that he resolved to 
lemain and hold possession. For two months, he was undisturbed, but smm 
his illusive dream of peace vanished, and he found himself, in Apnl oi 17/1, 
closelybesicged in Fort Wyoiuhig, by Captains Butler and Stewart. So 
cIimIv was he pressed that no opportunity was afforded for obtaming water 
or foo'd, ami it =oou became evident that without some succor, tliey must agam 
fall into the hands of Butler. The man's energy and bravery were equal to 
the emergency, however, and dmhig the night he ente.ed the river and floated 
down beyond the sentinels and escaped to Philadelphia. Great esciteraeut 
prevailed on his artival in the city of Brothcriy Love, and pi ompt measures 
were taken, and soon a strong force, with piovisions, under command ot 
Captains Dick and Morris, were on the way to the relief of the beleagured 
garrison. But the Yankees were not asleeii. Intimation of the aiiproach of 
the Pennsylvanians reached these vigilant oflicials, and measures were taken 
to iuteieept Ogden. An ambush was laid, the pack-horaes with all the pro- 
TOion. were captured, while the men were left to escape to the fort, wdierethe 
garrisrai was on the verge of starvation. In this condition their final 
gation was only a matter of time. They capitulated and Butler and 
Stewart more merciftil than their prisoner, obseiwed the teinis of capilnla- 
lion and left them to pumue their way unmolested. The yaUey was now m 
possession of the Yankees. The fortimes of war had been vaned, resulting 
in success to one party to-dny, the next disaster, and so continuing tor the 
two yeani that it had been prosecuted, and naught but the unquenchable 
enthusiasm of such men as Ogdeu on one side, and Lazerus Stewart ou the 
other withstood the varied, and veiy questionable success that attended their 
esidoits. Happily, the war was ended for a time at least, and the people 
be^an to direct their attention to more peaceful pursuits, and to dcvclopmg 
the latent resources of this truly inviting spot. Up to this time tbe.e had 
been no form of irovernmeut or establBhed disciplmc m Wyoming |_1 he 
soeiet,-, composed almost entirely of men who had lost the culture, noticeable 
in men who are daily thrown in contact with the softer sex, was rough and 
uncouth. One thing observable in the settlers along the Susquehanna, was 
the abseuee of a certaui distuibing element, found in most ft-ontier settlements, 
the idle and shiftless, who tbllow after pioneei-s and ale but dioue- in the 
busy life. Eveiy man appeared to he imbued with a ili tu iiiin.uinii to oiake 
the'most of circumstances, and recover the prestigehi-t dimuL' Ihi -liiiL'iile 
for no«ssioii between the contending factions. Alim -i tlie lii-l ilinig to 
wdiicl. the attention of our forefntliei> was diiected. the moment llie, had 
emei-TOl from the clouds of war, was the establi.shment ot school, and 
churches, 6ir the better support of which permanent anangcmeuts were per- 
fectcdT The iiiiginal settleis were eoniposed of Presbytertan, and Baptists 
•dmo,t exelusivel, two -i,.ictii~ at that day could readdy and eatdy 
f- 1-^ ■ ■■ thus Ml mil, L' iiiiin of iiotMii m the great work to be performed. 
■rht'p!Chiti'ri.iu- WHO uiiiu.dll "t Si-olch-IrUi origin; the Baptist emi- 
grated li-o'ia the New Englaiiiri-'olonies,— thus bringing together for the 
advancement of the race the energie. of two classes of people, more liberally 
endowed with all the attribute, of true moral and physical manhood, than 
any other people, probably in the civilized world. What a source ot regret 
that anything should occur to mar the harmony here prevadnig! Who 
could estimate the good this combined effort might have accomplished, it per- 
mitted to develop iti full strength. But Satan was lurking about this Eden, 
m the form of the avaricious speculator, and wius even then infusing Ins 
poisoning jealous, into the minds of some. A further account of this civil 
strife will be reserved for another chapter. 



Aseavly«sl771 n I u . t^^ t ^^ml,1p5 on the AVe=t Bmuch were 
settled by eiiii«siii les oi thi. ^ubqueli iiuiii Conipnn-^ , nnd named ClmrleatoD 
and Jiiden, to ^^^llch ii few 'iettlera weie enticed, and formed a nucleus about 
which, in 1774, people to the number of about one hundred githei By Act 
of theConnLCticut Assenibl) appro\cd m Januai\, 1774, the W-\ommg teiri- 
tory, was eiectcd nito a town to he rnlkrl A\ e^tmjieland The towns of 
Charleston and Judea were un lutk 1 nithui thi. limits of this town as was 
nearly all the teiiitor} iit N .ithiiiul iJiiii \\]\uh \\ is annexed to Lit^-hfield 
County. This ict of Connectitnt ni< u l(1 the cnei^'ie^ of the piopnetaiies to 
makeanothei attempt to wieat the tonjtor\ frmitlic "Yankees. Accmdmgly, 
in September of 1775 Col Wilhim Phinkct it the head of fi^e hundred 
Northurabeilandmilitia nin\edup tr the We-t Bnnth nf the n\er from Sun- 
bnry, and exhibiUil hi'.hiaxdv U\ ntkiK bmkin" up the infant ■•"ttkmcut, 
killingoneminaitd tikiii ili i ipi ni nh un_ them in '-unbun jail. 
Col. Piunket Hii hi 1 i iili 1 i \i i n \ i tli ttlLruLnt at Muu \ where 
with five hundu 1 Hi i 1 i i) tui I i 1l s n ui in i put to flight a number 
of women nod thildrLU, letciminLd wnth t!ie -anctiou of the Propiietary 
government, to move up the Noith Branch nnd deatro) the =ettlementa at 
Wyoming. So grentlj was he elited with his brilliant -ucces., that he was 
utterly forgetful of the oidiuai\ dictates ot piudence and collected to^aher 
ssven bundled men m nud winter and -tarted out on the ii-h cvpedition. 
Hetbuodthe Yankees on the akit who undei the command of C iptains 
Butler nnd Stcwait soon cooled Piunket s militii j aidor Tlie pieatige of his 
formei- succe-s availed not a^ain-it a dcterimned u latance Jn the part of two 
hundred detei mined imii and the aestiulkn toii letirul down the luer, 
having lostaeveial killed and wounded Ihismilitftrj cvpeditionw li, accom- 
panied by William Cook L (I Sheiitt 3t Noithumberlaud Count\ who was 
armed with sundij wills foi the auc^t of teUain ofieudeiN But the worthy 
sheriff was not afloided an ojjpoitunitj to •■ene his wiit&aud he returned with 
Piunket. In the meantime Congie=o had been petitioned by the settlei-h for 
somemb'ess This bod'v bem^ then lu Philadelphia, it wat. i&=ohed that 
the Assenibliea be leijuC'ted to t ike the most speedy means to prevent hostili- 
ties. This le-ulntion [i ductd but little etieet on the government of Penn- 
sylvania, as cv idenced In its action in auth* ruiu^' the expedition undei Piun- 
ket, which resulted ^o di- i.--trousl\ Oa tlie 20th of Decembei Congre.a took 
further cognizance ot the mattei and re^olv a\ upon thefoUowmg Wiilreas 
a dispute subsiatb between the Colonics of Connecticut and Penn=vlvnnia 
relative to lands on the Su-.tiuehanua River which dispute it la apprehended 
if not suspended duiing the piesent troubles of the Colonic will be produc- 
tive of pernicious convequences, it is Hiwhed Thit it i= the opinion ot this 
Congress, and it is accoiduiglv recommended that the eouteu ling parties 
immediately suspend all hostilities, and avoid evir\ appearance of foice until 
the dbpute can be legally decided That all propertv taken and detained be 
immediately lebtoied to the ou^mal owuere , That no mteiruption be given 
to either partv to the free pi'^iiig and repassing ot pei-=onB behaving them- 
selves peaceablj, thiough the disputed terntorj, as well b) laud as b> water, 
without molestiition of either peraons or property ; That all pei'sons seized 
and detained on account of said dispute on either side, be dismissed and per- 
mitted to return to their respective homes, and that things being put in the 
same situation they were before the late unhappy contest, they coutiuue to 
behave themselves peaceably on theii- respective possessions and improvements 
until a legal decision can be had on said dispute, or this Congress shall take 
further order thereon, and notliing herein done shall be eoustrued in prejudice 
of either i)arty." This resolution was passed before Piunket had progre^ed 
far in his contemplated movement against Wyoming, but it produced but little 
effect; no counter ordei-s'being sent to him by the authoiitic'>, he mntiniied 
ou Ilia eouree, with the results already known. It is apparent that the 
Proprietary government from some cause, had an intciest invnlveil tJial might 
suffer if the dispute was leil for settlement to a legal tribunal, and preferred, 
by the last resort of Revolutionists, to obtain forcible possestiou. i\jid 

all propositions of the settlers, as well as the general government, were treated 
with contempt, by these exemplary descendenta of William Penn. But a 
storm-cloud was arising in the east of such magnitude as to fill with apprehen- 
sion the minds of all, and cause our Susquehanna people to forget for a time, 
their hical differences, in the consideration of the momentous ciuestion of in- 
d.-pi-iiilui..., lu-idi ubi.h the tnmblesof the Yankees, dwindled into insig- 
niliiiuiM rcM.i [h, .Udtiuk a-,-iinied by the Indiana il l.wime uianifeat, 
that [ill ,Sm X,,i,o„. h.iil tnrmed a coalition with the Engli.-h to wage war 
upiui till ('n!.iiu-t-, .iiid fioiLitbcexpi^d pimtiunof the people of Northumber- 
land County, it bc'canie necessary to devise some means of defense in cjise of mo- 
lestation from tJieir neighboi-s, whose territory they were occujtying. In further- 
ance of this design, fortifications were erected at various places along the river, 
and eveiy available means of defense was brought into rei|uisition, to be ready 
inr ii-c in caM,, nf emergency. In the busy preparation for war the people 
Will ant iirnniaiiful ni' the dcmaoil* of posterity, and every facility within 
iL.Li li ol tlii-ii limilc'il resiiun-es was piovided for the education of the young, 
fur puttiu;: the civil gnveninicnt in working order; and much progi-ess was 
made during the six yeare that intervened from the date of Plunket's expedi- 
tion until 1782, notwithstanding the entire valley had been devastated with 
the fire, sword and tomahawk. An examination of the conduct of some of 
the officer? of the BritisJi jVriny during the struggle for Independence, exhibits 
a ferocity ami ficndishness seldom paralleled, never exceeded elsewhere. 
But as inliumau as was their conduct, as devoid of all feeling of humanity 
ari they appeared to he, their atrocity pales before the recital of the acts of the 
beast Butler and savage Brandt, at the massacre of Wyoming. It seems to 
be fitting that tlie atrocity of such fiends should be faithfully portrayed, 
that their conduct may he contrasted vrith the more despicable of everj- age, 
and enable the present generation to see to what extent man can debase 
himself when under the power of the Devril, even when surrounded v\'ith the 
moral and healthful atmosphere that pervaded the entire Christian world 
during the eighteenth century. ^ 

As eariy as the 8th of February, 1778, General Schuyler wrote to Congr^s : 
"There is too much reason to believe that an expedition will he formed, by 
the Indians, against the western frontiers of New York, Virginia and Penn- 
sylvania." Tlie next mouth he informed them, " A number of the Mohawh 
ami many of the Omndagan, Cayuga^, and Senecus, \s\\\ commence hostilities 
against us as soon as they can ; it would be prudent thereibre to take measures 
to cany the war into their counti-y — it would reipiire no greater body of troops 
to destroy their towns, than to protect the frontier uihabiuints." No effective 
measure being taken to repi-ess the hostile spirit of tlie Indians, numbers 
joined the tory refugees, and with this commenced their horrid depredations 
and hostilities upon the back settlers, being headed by Colonel Butler, and 
Brandt, an half-blooded Indian, of desperate courage, fenicious and cruel 
beyond example. Their expeditions were carried on to great advantage by 
the exact knoulcdge which the refugees had of ever}- object of their eutcjprisej 
and the immediate intelligence they received from their friends on the spot. 
TIic weight of their hostilities fell upon the fine new settlement of Wyoming, 
situated on thf e;istein branch of the Susquehanna, in a most beautiful 
couiitrv ami di liL'httiil > bniate. It was settled and cultivated by a number of 
penpli I j Mill ( '..nm < tn lu. wlin rhuincd the territorj- as included in the original 
giant 111 ihi Cmihii'i tn ut ('iiiiiiiy imm Charles II. The settlement cousbted 
of eight t.iwii-bip^, l.hIi live miles squai'e, beautifully placed on each side of 
the river. It bad so increased by _ a rapid emigration, that the settlers 
sent a thousand men to sei've in the Continental army. To provide against 
the dangere of their remote situation, four forts were erected to cover them 
from the incui-sions of the Indians. But it was their misfortune to have a 
considei-able mixture of royalists among them ; and the two parties were 
actuated by sentiments of the most violent animosity, which was not confined 
to particular families or places ; but permeating every spot where least ex- 
pected, served equally to poisou the sources of domestic security and happiness, 
and to cancel the laws of nature and humanity. 

The warnings to the fated settlement were frequent; spies in every garb 
appeared among the settlers and their sus]jicions were aroused. The Indians 
by no means being novices in the art of deception, small parties would 
fiv3quently appear, making every manifestation of sinccrest fricndshiii, and 
lulling the inhabitants into a fancied state of security, and, at the same time, 
keeping the enemies of their dupes fidly advised of all that it was essential to. 
the accomplishment of their nefarious schemes. The settlers, however, soon 
took the alarm ; Colonel Butler had several times writtea letters to Con- 


gress QDd Genei'al WasliiiigUiu, acquniutiug tlieiii with the diiiigei-s to wliicii 

lUt'tll . 

suddenly :i|i]hj 
Butler, !t (.■niiij, 
mand in tlic^Lti 
made theiuselve 
hiuidrGd stroDg, 
own chiefe- Tlie whitt^ 
from the Indians. One 
giveuup. AunthLT ^v^.^.~ 
children, mii.-.-mnil in il 

ivithahiiiit i'" !■ ; II .|< ." 
and all n.ui 
Gutioed fViuM i 

fort, OS to Ur Ik v.. 1. 1 a 
accordinL' m ilnii "wii \ 

coul.l iul;. s„.M.-h!v h.>( 
the- suqiriM', uml at lli^ 

orders, or ovei'foine l)y ten 
ordered a retreat," This 
heroic baud. la the state 

commenced, whik- thu en. 

Zebldonr.Ul].|. :ih.| :,Im.i, 

therivm'i,, I , W . . 

■ Colonel 
1 in eom- 
wlio liad 

'II ihi'ii withdramug, 
jiarley for the conclu- 
Lii armed men, nearly 

f tlie 

, Ire found 

ll.r hiilding the inuM: On h 
d advanced toward the foot of tlie tnoiintaiu iii 
die oiicmy his desire to comply wilh all that they 
iiH treed from his delusion, by being surrounded 
il! -idL-^. Heibught wilh bravery, notwithstanding 
>iid iif three-quarters of an hour, evidently was 
uatino, when a soldier, under a misapprehension of 
r tin- pei-soual safety, rrii-il aloud, " tlio Colonel has 
exhibition of pulUiKianv diriildl ilir fate of the 
of confusion that cn-in d, an urnv-i-li-d slaughter 

■ luv.k.- 

iliHtnii'ird. Colouel 
ilie men trot across 

i\ ami niuety-sbi of 
i.-moralized garrison, 
lily, and went do^ni 
I. Colonel Nathan 

iriii)r>s-^ibilitv of an 

were killed or dir^abk-d, f-urrL-mk-iL-d at disci..'liMii. f^ooie of tiie unhappy 
persons were carried away alive; but the most were shut up in houses and 
ban-ackii, and ciiii>^unied; while thoir Icas than >^avage com pier ers danced 
an.uiid in li,.|]i.-!i ^'I,-... Tl,r Miva-cs tlien cr-K^od the river to the nnly r.-inain- 

ia.L' {■..It, \Vjlki-h.,inii-li, ih.- i ate- of which, in hopes of ruer.'V, .-ni'rendt-rud 

wiili'^ut d, lir,.. any rM„,liiiui,s. Here were staliimcd ahuut M-v^^nty Cuii- 

tinciuai .-iildiir-, ulm had ln^ii engaged in the defense of the I'lunticrs; tlie^e 
were butchered in the Tiaisl inhuman manner; Die butchers using every 
ingenuity to aggravate and prolong the tortures of their victims. Tlie 
remaining men, women and childreu, were confined in houses, and suffered 
death by being burned together. 

A general scene of devastation was now spread through all the townships. 
Fire, sword, and other instruments of desti'uction alternating, until every 
settlement, except those occupied by tories, was deitniyed, and the inhabitants 

■ Km 

to the woods, and became fugitives tri>ni then' now desolate homes. The 
sufferings cadurcdhy these helplcss,WAnderers, many of whom perished in their 

his ruthless dcslnin 
his own blood. Hin 
feeliiiL', beasllv '^enti 

or the nation that ibstered and sustained him in his horrid wi 
hundred settlei-: of the Suscpichanna met with violent deaths 
this ma-:.-^a,iv. ami in:uiv w,.r,. kilkd hv the Indian-, wlm, at 

Many of lier hest eiiiy.eiis had perislud in ilir -m^.J. .1 li-l. 1 1. nee. 

Many wid.iws and orphan- had hcui kit hnprj.-h .|. |. ■ !■ ■ : ; hariiy 

of those litlk- more fortunate than themrelvi,-. A- -.^ ■ . : . J.ilitv 

of the people to defeml themselvt^ was mnrli k-.-.- iliai. i,.iu..i.y . -.a-.d ■.: umikl 
seem that after all the bitter experiences of the jiasi iliac any r^acriiitf wnuld 
have been made rather than renew the interneeine striti?. But Ininmn nature 
is very much alike, whether tbnnd among the Yankees and Pennamites of 
Northumberland in 17S0, or more civilized localities in this the Centennial 
year, and each party was thoroughly imbued with a consciousness of the 
rectitude of their conduct. The jictition of the settlers to Congress for redress 
at this time, presents to view a .■onditi.ui <A' thiiii;- that it would seem should 


" We 

being their all. We are yet aliv, but the n.Oh-si binnd uf unr neighbnrs and 
friends, parents, children and husbands, has been spilt in the general cause 
of our country, and we have suHercd everytiiiug this side of death. We 
supplied the Continenial anny with many valuahk .iffi.'ers and snidiei-s, and 

against the eupidit 


Bill , 

1 this a 

1 dispelling the (.'nniieclieut peoiile. The General Assembly 
appointed a commission, consisting of Josei)h u]u\ William Montgomery and 
Joseph McLean, with instructions to repair to AVyomiug and compromise 
the dispute between the settles and the Commonwealth. This committee 
recommended that the settlers he allowed land in the western part of the State 
as consideration ibr their improvements, provided they would enter into con- 
tracts to relinquish all claims, ami remove immediately- Such a fbul wrong 
as this report contemplated to inflict upon the intended victims wnuld, of 
course, arouse the indignation of any one with the least atuni of manhood: 
but unjust and outrageously unfair as it was it recciv.'d the .-amlinn id' the 
self-righteous Friends who claimed the soil of Peini>vlv;uiia. and ■>{' all their 
emissaries. Aiooiig the latter was one Pattei-sun. wh., l.,-,n in ih,- rniidoy 
of the Penns fiir many vears, and at ihis time held ihr appointnuin ,.r justice 

lightin^r till' lliiiish fnc, and had jii-i returned to their homes, were hurried 
olf ti>a loathesuim. prismi, .li-stitule nf even a iloor.aild there compelled to lie 
down, the guard beiug instructed to shoot any who attempted to rise. The 
men secure in prison, Patterson turned the ivomen and children out of doore 


>A Tra Ui 



and In- special order, tlic same ™s read a sccoud time and adopted. That 
tlic pa'tliiif tlii= resolve on tlie secret Journal of the House, and concealing 
it trooi the people, after thcwarwitli the savages had ceased, aud the in- 
hal.ilanl- „f ■\'in^' had submitted to the Bovcrnment of the State, suffl. 
cientlv iiiark~ aud fixes the elandestiuc and partial interest of the arma- 
ment iio such condition havine heen tle.ii;;li1 lu ■ . -.iry in the ilefen>e of the 
uorlliern Md uctern fi-ontier, do.i,,- ll» l.u. «a, ' And hi.ll;, «e regret 

the fatal example which this Iran-n u kj- ■' I "I I'lnali' pn-ons ill least 

equally able ivitb their opponent.- In ,ii,iiiiiiiiii lie ii onii raiia-, pmcnring 
the interest of the (.•ommonwealtli in tlieir beliiilf, and the aid of the pub- 
lie tretisnry. The opprobrium, which from lienee has resulted to this Slatc,^ 
and the dksntisfaction and pi^spect of disseution, now cxistiug with one ot 
our sirfer States, the violation of the confeclemtion, and the injury hereby 
done to sneh of the Pennsylvania claimants of laml at Wyoming, iiecupied 
as af„re..»i,I, as have given no eountenance to, but on the contrary have dis- 
avowed these extravagant proceedings. In sliort we lament that our gov- 
ernment basin this busiue.-^ mauife-ted little wi-doio or i nor have 

acted in, guardians of the rights oi lly j pi iiilled I., their care. 

Impressed with the ninltiplied evil> wlin li Iiiim -I'l'me H"!" lie i.iipiudcnt 
management of this business, wf /:„/.(. I 17. (..,"'"" '•" "".t" luevent, if 



The first day of August, 1874, was a meiuomble one to the denizeiis of 
the quiet little borough of Northumberland. At an early hour, it was evi- 
dent that something was about to occiu-, sufficiently apart from the usual 
routine of the humdrum of life, of the quiet, contented people of this se- 
cluded nook, to arouse from their lethargy those who, for a generation, had 
floated along the current without an effort to eliange itd coui-se. Years had 
passed, stirriug events had followed each other in rapid succession, changing 
societ)-, revolutionizing science, destroying nations, establishing others from 
the ruius, since the earth had closed over the wearied form of him who was 
the principal actor in the wonderful event, that the unusual assemblage at 
Northumberland had convened to conmiemorate. One hundred yeai-s be- 
fore. Dr. Joseph Priestly, in the investigation of his beloved science, had made 
the all important discovery of oxygen gas. To those uninformed as to the 
influence of this smgle element upon all animated life, it would probably 
seem that a feeling had been aroused wholly unproportioned to the magni- 
tude of the event; but to those who had devoted valuable lives to the investi- 
gation of the abstruse science, the uiterest manifested was hardly commensur 
i-ate with the importance of the discovery to the i/eiiu« homo. The purpose 
of the nmltitude was made manifest in the address of Col. David Taggart, 
who ivelcomed the assembled scientbts of the nation in words which ade- 
quately explained the object ol' the convention. 

"1 have been chosen by my fellow-citizens to offer to the learned and dis- 
tinguished men and women, who have gathered here to commemorate a 
grand discovery and to honor a great name, a brief but earnest welcome. 
We cannot follow you through the wide realms of science, nor explore very 
deeply the mysteries of nature, for we know more about oxen than oxygen, 
and a' great deal' more about the whey of milk than the Milky AVay, but 
we can move with equal step in paying tribute of respect and reverence to 
the illnstrioufi man, who, eighty years ago, found among "the rude forefathers" 
of this hamlet, a quiet home, and, seventy years ago, au honored grave. 

" While in the lapse of everlasting time, all human names must be forgot- 
ten, many ages will have come and gone and left their silent footmarks on 
the earth, before tliat of Priestly will pass from the memories and the re- 
cords of his fellow-men. He has written it in letters of light and glory, 
upon the highest and broadest pillar of the universe. By right of genius 
and labor, he takes rank with "the dead but sceptcred sovereigns who still 
rule our spirits from their urns," 

"Like the eagle, he built his eyrie upon the mountain top, inaccessible to 
vulgar intrusions. In that pure atmosphere he dwelt not above human 
spite, jealousy, and detraction— fur it is easier to get below than above them, 
— but above their annoyances. The shafts of bigoLs and fools were aimed at 
him, but they could not penetrate the triple armor, whieli Philosophy, En- 
thusiasm, aud Truth had throwu around him. Like you, |gentleme», lie 

made science his mistress, and with a pure heart and an untuing mind he 
woi-shipped.her "Through long days of labor, and nights devoid of ease," 
and to-day he stands with Galileo, New ton, Harvey, Franklin, Faraday aud 
Humboldt, grand, colossal, and enduring, one of the great high-priests in 
the boundless and beautiful Temple of Nature. 

"A brutal English mob cnuld buru his dwelling, and in an hour of politi- 
cal madness aud religious fren/y, diatioy the work of yeai-s, but it could not 
stay the indomitable energy <.f his genius, nor dim the lustre of his well- 
earned renown. While the miserable ^vretches who composed that mob have 
long ago given back to the great element w hich he discovered, seventy-five per 
cent- of their worthies^ carra^se^, more than eighty years afterward, his gieat 

knowlcdge-gatherere of th^- uatimi— l.t-Mik-s several from Nc« Jeisey, aud 
Canada,— an aristoci-acy of learning aud intellect tliat can afibrd to look 
down from its liigh citadels of tiiought and achievement, with pity, if not 
contempt, upon the mere vulgar aristocracy of blind accident, the painted 
caterpillai-s of pretentious, illiterate wealth. 

"As I am not vaiu enough to support! that any one cares to listen to me, 
when such illusti-ioi:^ names are upon die bills, I will merely reiterate to 
you, men and women of sense and science, iu behalf of afl my neighhore, 
a very sincere aud unfeigued welcome, to our homes aud to our hearts. 
And let me assure you most earnestly, that we ar.- not mily willing, but 
anxious, to do all thmgs possible to make you remember with pleasure your 
well-timed pilgrimage to the home and grave of the greatest discoverer of 

1 the events 

The people of the present and future have a deep i 
that made up the life of the truly great Priestly. A history of his life and 
acts, forms an essential feature ui the history of the community in which he 
dwelt and labored. The discoveries made by him, here, in the home of his 
adoption, sufficiently iudicate the character of the man, when judged from 
a scientific standpoint. His writings on politics and kindred subjects, indi- 
cate his standing as a politician and man of letters. His free way of think- 
ing, and free style of writmg, were somewhat at variance with tlie strict 
Federalist sentiments of the dominant party of his day, which brought him 
into a controversy with the factionists that affected his popularity with the 
masses ; otherwise, he could easily ha\'e been the leading politician of hb 
time. His logic was potent, but sometimes a little rough. His manner of 
expression, piquant ; ivhieli led doubtless to a greater degree ofasperity among 
his reviewers, than was deserved. His friends were numerous.his confidants 
but few. His compositions ^vould fill volumes, which WTitten for the public 
eye and expressive of the views of a liberal-minded man, who lived many 
years in advance of the age, were not the true tests of his real character. 
His honest convictions are best exhibited ui his private correspondence. 
One of his letters written to a promment member of Congress, between 
whom aud Priestly there was an affinity of feeling on all questions of real 
moment, is here published, as best illustrative, perimps, of his political 

Northumberland, Jan. 7, 1799. 

" Dear Sir : As you do not complain of the liherty I have taken, I shall 
trouble you pretty often iu the same way. As my son has probably sailed 
before this time, 1 wish you would tell Mr. Gales that he agi-eed with Mr. 
Kennedy, the printer iu this town, about the priutiug of my "Comparison 
of the Institution of Moses," Ac, aud undertook to buy a quantity of type 
for the work, and that I have seen the paper maker ; so that if, as he writes 
to Mr. Degruehy, he has made any agreement with Mr. Gales about the 
priuting of the same work, he must have forgotten what was done here, and 
that I think myself bound by. If he has agreed with him about the print- 
ing of the Church History, it is very well, and part of the copy shall be. 
sent to Mr. Gales whenever he chooses. 

"You say you wish I were as zealous a friend of Amenea as Mr. Hone is 
of France. Both Mr. Hone and myself, as well as Dr. Price, aud many 
othera, were as zealous in the cause of America as he now is iu that of 
France. If I had not been so, I should not have come hither, uor am I 
changed at all. I like the country and the Constitution ofyour Govern- 
ment as much as ever. The change, dear sir, is in you. It is clear to ine 
that you have violated your Constitution in several essential articles, and 
act upon maxims by which you may defeat the whole objectof it. Mr. 
Adams openly disapproves the r 
tion of the Executive. But as ; 
and cherish them as truths. 

"I may be doing wrong in writing so freely, and I have been desired 
cautious with respect to what I write to you. But I am not used to sei 
and caution, and I cannot adopt a new system of conduct uqw. The 
no pei-sou in this country to whom I write on the subject of politics be 
yourself, nor do I recollect what I have writteu, but I do not care wIk 



rng of the Cougress aud I niucli ippio\e oi his couduct in seveial respects 
I fike liim bcttei thau your lute PiCoideut He is raoie uiidiaguieed AVe 
easil) kuow what lie think'i niid what lie ivould do but I thiuk his iins-Hcra 
t( c\i.inl of the ndlR-,L nie meii, iiitcmpeiate railmg umvorthj oi a 

could feo\eiu lUeH In them it \^oiild comiiiaud the w n) 1 Ut thi. I im 
fullj penuaded but he has depnited ^e^} hii trom tlieiii VU that I ran 
expect H the late of the poet Lee isho nheii he was cmihiiL 1 iii a mad hue 
and was asked b) sdiul straiifjCi nhy he was sent thitlai n.] litd I w I 

the peitileuce or au^ othei e\il be rcquiied foi 
the dihcipline ot uatiLn*. as I behe\e that lu the pre eut '■tafe t things thej 
aie the) mil be intioduced homaomecaii'ieoi othei flii'. t luntiy a& well 
at othei-s \\aiits a scourge and jou aie preparing one tor jouioehes 

With even good wish to jou and youi country, I am dear Su (though 


11 alien) j oui-^ siucereh 

The growth of science is mo=t cleaily showii in the --ketch of Prieatl) s 
life whith is eitnctcd ti m an addie-a deh\i.iLd b> Piolt oi Henry H 
Ciclt at the Centennial Vniinci--an ~>i Clieniiati\ Piicatlj & life maj be 
said to ha\e been twt tol I i nianiiold tie was an ardmt in\ estigatoi of 
"ciLiitiht tiuth-. he was ul an earnest Iiouct free-tin iikiug pohtieiau 
'^0 n iillitudin u lie his woiks on the e aud main other "ubjeet o \ei--a 
tile "eiiii hi tnkiits tr haM been that ns Dumas lennik., we feel almost 
inclined 1 1 belie\e there must hi\e been two or more PiiestU s just as «ome 
hi-\e iiiiagmed theie must ha\e been tuo bearing the name of Raymond 
Lulhus Pew Au iters have been moie voluminous but Brougham lemarks 
few aie now le=o read 

BoinntPieldhead neai Leeds in 1733 of \er> strict CaUinistic parents 
Joseph Piiestly at a \or^ early age acipnred "itronE leli^itu ten lenne'- 
but althoufjh at fii'-t a Cahimst he soon be_,aii tj entert iin ilea t r him 
self aud got into a state of doubt becoming, s mewhat t leon^eitto Vr 
niinianism At this time wl find liini de\ jtiug luniaelt to the stu 1\ of not 
onlj the ancient languages such as Latin and Greek toj,cthei with the 
modem ones but also m aid of his biblieal studies of Hebrew \iabie 
Chaldee and Syriae His power of ac<iuirmg languages mil his memory 
generally seem to ha%e been enormous aud rendered him iii fiitiiie ^eirs a 
most foimidable nntagouiet lu all those polemieal di ru- i u-. in whieh he 
was so pi one to engage His religious opinuns weie what at tint tune was 
considered peculni and heteiodo\ and jii attempting t enter the mini'- 
tr} he was lejected in iceiuut of his Mews with legaid to the jriciml sin 
the atonement ind eternal damnation viewi whieh le^ultiuj, iium lua own 
iei\ent eouMctions In. maintained openh and icailes^h aud sub equenth 
although aetiug as a pieachei at Needham he failed to becjme pjpulai 
partly on at count ot an impediment in his speech but moi c ii oni liL. know u 
tendene\ to Aiianism aud to Sociuiinism To the lattei sect bettei known 
undei the name ot Unitarian he hnalh belonged Brougham sareasti 
cnll) remarks that the people of Needham probabl) thougliMlieii -pn^le^e 
of hell tormeut to be rudch in\ided h\ then pieacher His disbelief ilso 
in the Trinit) being uotoiiou'^ he \er\ sjon — attheeaih a^eof twenty h\e 
got mto a disagieeable eoutii\ers) with man} paities and had to leave 
Needham At Nautwich he succeeded hettei eotablialicd a school and 
eommeueed his scientific studies lor which howevei he had had very little 
preliminar} prepaiation The e he coutmued afterwards at Warrmgtou, 
whithei he lemoved in 1761 

An acquaintance with Benjamin Prankhn led him to turn Ins attention 
to electricit}, and within the jeai he pioduecd Ins Histor} of Electiicit} 
a woik which although thought much ot nt that time as a useful coinpila 
tion does not seem to ha\ e added greath to he-i reputation the aine ma\ 
be snid to a greatei extent with regard t he. Hi t n i f A i ion both 
woiks being too rapidl} and careleosh wiittcu t e iiin ii fault with ill of 
Piiesti} s wiitings He made a numbei I e\[ciimnits on eleetiicit> 
which although not adding, much to the sti nee lendeied Jii-- name sj well 
known, that he was elected memhei of tJie K va! 's)eiet> Vhnit thi. time 
there was an oppiitumt^ of his beinj, appointed chapliin on Captaiii Cook s 
second \ i\ aj,e but here Ins unl itunatciclipion opiniens tame in hi wa^ 
and he was lejectel h\ the admiialt-^ lu account jf hi hetci»lo\\ AA hile 
at AVaiinigton 17fil-17l) I his pen w^s most pnlific and among hiawiit 
ings ina\ be mentioned A Iheon of Lanf,iiape.-. books on Oiiitri\ and 
Criticism on Histoi\ and dcneial Police on the: Constitntinii and Laws 
o'"Englaml on 'Education AChaitof Bio^iipln \ Cluut otHistor\ 
In 1707 he removed to Leeds lud became miuLster of Millliill Chapel and 

wrote man} controv ei-sial hooks and pamphlets In afler times he wrote 
Letters to a Philosophical Institution ' An Answei to Gibbon Disquisi 

tions on "Matter an 1 Spirit C >mipticnof Chcmi tn rii]\ Oj nn ns n 
Chn=t Pimilmi Letters I tl e lubil it nit fPnn 1 i ]\ Iiiftei 

entHitrio ftheChutun huich in 1 a la ^ nin I r t t! i rk 
Sufficieut hue been namel t I w hi gr at nj In ti i I || \ i]lit\ of 
hismind In 17(3 he entetcl the ervipe t I i 1 si 11 li it\ 

Marquis ot Landsdiwn as chaphin in I lenni i 1 il i \cii 

leaving with a penai )ii t tl jO per annum i i II J I n 

eithei side but prohibU fi m the openne with I i I \| 1 and 

the peitmaeit\ with win li he raanitaincd his m j |j hti 

cil subjects In Loi J '^hcllnnnes compnn\ Ik \ 11 i r ua 

piits of the continent and at Paris wis present it i I It n t\o 

chemists as to the uatuic ot ted peicipitUt a w kn wii as ii cicuiic 
o\ide It IS not impiuhable that what he heard thit da} led to his future 
experiment and hence to thi meeting 

Leaving Lord Shelbnrnc in 17SH he cttled m Bu-mmgliam and con 
tinned hi cientihc and the ! i il t i Ii 1 \ i tii t i e\eral vear- 

Unforttmatel} hcenteiel it lit tl i lembers of the 

EstabhshelChuich ind a I 1 In I i x, i t „ his views veiy 

freeh and hd not conhne I i If t j I II i with the above 

named sect but equilh with Lilvini t \t V PrcabUenins 

MethedisL RoininCithoIieo indSwc 1 1 i i tt lew nleiedit 

that he got into me di repute It w i i tb t t i i \ ne to agree 
with Inm pirtialh he must igtee ti h i 1 \iiti n of a thin 
andthif m inch eithei one waj or the other e ju^tituted an antagonism 
Indeed it is doubtful whether anj one ever enl^itained Dr Pnestlj s bebet 
e\cept Dr Pue th himaelf 

"W hate\er am unt of tcdeiation in religious matters there mav be in Eng 
land ui« there wn much le-. n centui \ a^o The E tiblishe I Church 
lookel u] n tU Di-vcntcpJ with =Uspicnn aud di like and the (government 
tt the da\ tcTun^ the intDductKU rf refoini ind libcnil ipiinr ii emanating 
geneiallv fi mi the th enting portion ot the cminunitv t nk muth the 
same view So poweiful a writer on religi n an I [ lit w i 1 1 \e-s)re 
toiTir} government Burkes paper on the Ti „a i \ | m , 1 1 I ten 
answered bv Pne th in such i m inner i t ii u tl t I u i tthit 

I k P 


ment U hi i I 1 I I , ,| | t I i hinJ 

gcu I puhh The 

1 1 inltbefnct 

ct 1 which oulv 

th I i ! 1 11 ciou butch 

eiie ^ I I I 1] 1 e 1 til I i u 1 1 j i I ii i it i Ih i ite 1 a feeling 
againat Piie tU iji which luwever he wil_ m t m the lea t lecountabk 
an) nnic than the Bnti hnitnnwa^ guilt} ot the unwarrantable tieatmeut 
to which he waashorth uhmittcd atthehinlaot a mob and some prejudi 
cia! parties 

On a celcbiation of the storming of the Bastile held it Birmingham at 
which hjwe^cr Prieatlj was not piescnt popular feeling rose to such a 
liight that the church and house ot Prieatl} and those ot nianv of his 
friends were destrjved b\ the mob "Wc knjw what an uniei^oninc thing 
a mob IS You in the Umted State- irenot entireh uuicquaintcd with it 
On a recent visit to England I went to ^nttlnf,hanl and saw the castle one 
of the nifst maguifieeut e lihtes of England in luiiis from some absuid 
populai utbicik Ibelit\etheCharti ts Piicath not ure of his lite m 
Bnmui^han went tj L nUn anl heie 1 u» 1 the ieehne still stron<^lv 
again t hnn a teehn^ t)r which I =hill ujt attempt to apol gi/e as it i 
siniethiui, whicli at thi time we cm enicch ecueeive He hid the greatest 
difficultv in tbtainin 1 J^in^ the landl rl being afuid it his luuse being 
buineddjwn He wi I unne I In the memlKidof tbeR ;al Society His, 
hfc was emhittciel mllielefl] ^1 ui 1 1 i i hn 1 whcie he was sure his 
relit ions an i I iiticil ] ini t It I 1 h |i uuUite I without inter 
fcrcucc or c mpl imt JI li Ih inic e bum which 

attnchcl t J hiin Ml the II j llnmheretji li htci e\ 

teut Cicitvnen ot anv ll i tiki ii him i i heithen though 
when the} came ti know him a kiuwled^, 1 llieii traiLgicM ub His po 
litica! pi inci] le.s it und no fa\ n w itli the A lam & adniini tiation and I am 
told he was tliieatened with expulsion trom the country Un Icr Jefler-ons 
reign Prieatl} was at peace and ended Ins dava aftei a coutmued writing 
on lehgioub and acientihc subjects here wheie we nie Tsemblecl to dai 



Afi-w iuci<leuts,amu«iag and othen\ise,ha\ebeeu collected togethei lUus 
trntnc of the men aud tirute ot >eftR= ngo Ilie nnuiBeiiieats entered mto 

-iimv the ttotes nt our furehtheiv Iht t\ti itt ti< m tlit pi jcctdin^ ot a 
4th if Juh (clebmnou thL patiirtu aid i tliat pLi\aIul the minds ot 
iho-L i\h(i '■o icteutli hud c >nn. iiit< pi l -i n i tin iiihtiit in<c >t a tree 
i.'>\t-rnnieut (he •.chnoliui.tcrb Ictttr tla -.niidaid id cxielkuce of ped 
a'iogihni tliL diffitultie* uicountered Lj Mr Jlontgomerj , the ieehng re 
^^rdin ' thu iimo\ Uions of niachinery , the letter" from Frauklm and 
other- all "huw the tlmracter ot the people conipoamg the pioneer settle 

Much time was ^pent m the earl> days of oui count), by our fn«t old 
iifn, 111 horse-iacing, cock fighting and fov l!i i^ng Tux chasing was the 
ftuontt amusement ^nd «huit.\tr th < i Iili ii I lli Li >und would admit 
11 It maii\ .i tht ,-t.utlemtu of th 1 u ill I i flMiy i,\er the lulls 

indiiuine^on thui hloodcdhuiitu jr i lU il il I toit\ oi hfl^ 
liouncK in -ciiuh oi poor ne\nai 1 I li In t nil I ilh h in the l)ru=h, 
ind Hii'- tiitilkd toatl the ■^^hI•.kt^ th it i .nil I" c ii iiiiK(i iiidh\e public 
-ippLr H<rt lanufjnl j hid it.- de\..tCL nm ii,' i tliLr one Mr Grant, 
wh. ri-idel iihnc '-■unbun uul wh \\-^^•^W \miu t a Ij-t beast recog 
nwi.ll h\ tlic uamt . t < ro(.ki.d tail On oiil utui-ioii Mi (Trnut an inged 
for a tnd nt -pied httucen hit Iwoiitc mil a nkhiatcd hor-e from Lnn 
t liter iiid -taktd SlOOn on the nut '^ i ^Tuith w i-- be excited o\er the 
approRJiiiig race, that three da\- before the tiiiil he ««■■ piuatnted with 
tc\er wliieli teiininated tatallj a ien hoiir= aftei it wai announced to him 
that his hor-c was beaten 

Main \uiisafro there appeared at the hostchj of Mi Prince who, at that 
tiini kipt thi MI e lull 1U-* hotel wlieie the Court Hou^e now stands in taun 
liiir\ I till link ili\(.i •ii'^-lojkiiig individual, whobc twang and garb at 
nil. j 1 I iirii I Inn i miii\c nf Ph mouth Rock or Bouie spot contiguous 
tbeiet. leu hii^ iiitu iniou-. bhck bear The bearwasfafttenedin thestable, 
and handbill- put up announeuig that h.r the -mall sum of "ix and a quarter 
eentfr llie eiti/eus ot '^unbur\ could examine a '.pctiiiieu of the 2^ological 
kingdom i/c/(7)( i heai Mau^ \isite<l and admired old Brum and, among 
others, Thomas Robins, a rough, harsh .spoken, and harsher appearnig indi- 
vidual, who was the owner of a large bull-dag which he offered at once to pit 
against the bear for a fight. The Yankee accepted at once, and put up five 
dollai-s a.s a wager, which was covered by Robio.., the- fight 

At the 

1 thv 


ud ib.- 

vith I 

tlillen, lianded over the stakes, suid left: 
rouB dog. 

-I.;, li.T<u yell from the 
> ilii..ii-h the air with the 
iili ;i l.iud thud, fell back, 
till' dniir. Robins, crest- 
'cugeaiice against the tinio- 

Johii C'ow.Ien and David Taggart, two of the early settlers from Ireland, 
became involved in a dispute as to speed and bottuni on a foot-race, and it 
WHS decided to determine the vexed (|uestion by a race. The distance was 
measured ofi". Taggart to run over one-half of the coui-sc, and curry Johnny 
Dentlar, a pursy little subject with a breath uf heiiiii etpKilling or exceed- 
ing Ills keel. Taggart lost, us lie chiiiiied, because Dentlar could not ride 
well. The lac-c excited a good <lcul >-f interest, uiid served tn amuse tlie peo- 
ple and alibrd a Uipic of eouversutiou for soiiietiiiic. 

Ill an article publislied in the Republican Argwi of date August 17th, 
1S0», William Montgonierj-, a imblic-spiritcd citizen of the county, labored 
e the people of the utility of inacliiiieiy adapted to manufacture 

I tho e whose labor 
leiiibered \\hen the work on the 
. t the I. niL-ttc 

cloth ft'om wool. His scheme to organize a stock coinpimy, the capital of 
which should be S2,000, divided into one hundred shares, for the purpose of 
estftbliahiug at Danville a woitluii faclory. met with strong opposition from 
thefogv eleiiieut whu aniued that the Jiibor of convertingthe wool into cloth 
for domeatH purpo l wa the c^pei i il dut^ it the w n e- and daughters, and 
that the mtnduetiouot mKhiiien h.i that puipo'.e would take iromi\onien 
a ■\er\ impoitant and u-eful work resulting in a neglect ot a \erj easenbal 
part of \oung women s education This aigument weak as it was, could 
not he met b\ the astute lefoimer who appealed in some doubt as to the 
piobabilit\ of hndmg othei fields of useinhic-> l< i wimeu Mr Mout 
goniGi\ astounded the people b) the piedieti n thnt th ii hug and wea\ 
uig ot wonl In niachinerv would be foil i\\( 1 I \ in hnun t manipulate 
crude cotton in the same manner Could tl i tuih 1 1 ihiithn phie man 
hn^e nio\ed aside the ^eil that hid from \iew llie level pments of a tew 
decades of ^eai-- in aJ-Mncc he might well luue wondered at the acconi 
pli-hment. of the n iiig .euiua of Americji The ri>mg genius has 
e^er been c.jual to thp mcigeiie\ and u t a held of u-efulne-- ha- been 
nionopoli/ed In the fruit-. )tthe ui\enti\c geniu- but that other- ha\e been 
opened, more i nmpatible w itli tlie ta-tcs and i 
appeared it a discount ^^ ell cai 
'-pinning wheel ind loom iOrmed 
econonn when it w is the pride ot Amciicuu giil- to c pi il th ii u tl i iii 
then atleptne s at the -pmnerb and«ca\ers ait but th ! \ h \ | i I 
and othci and fnj- nioie important diitiu' hi\c been f mil I I i ii In In i 
The\ lUG not the drones oui anee t r le ired thc\ mu I I in wn t> 
the progres- ot iniprQ\ cment- win I li \ tl i ii n the wlieel ind 1 >ni 
and rehned them fiom a b n U t! i 1 1 in ih tiuc -tatiis 

of womanhood has ne\2r been \\ \ t I I : i i I 1 it when i c mipuii 
sou of the pres'^ut is made with tl i i m n I i n the Ink asps much 
can be teen to excite gratitude to an Omiup tent wli > endowed womnii with 
just tho-e elements of charact-'r tliat -o eminenth fit liei foi the exalted 
field of usefulneas =he now eiijm- Vftcr rcp-uted cR'irt- the -eheme to 
c^tabliih n woolen fatten at Dan\ill , wa- -nte&*iul Ihe plan wn-- -ome- 
w hat on the eo-operatn e pi inciple f ui ni--hing tneiUties foi the \\ ool jiroduceiv 
to luue the crude article manufaetuied into cloth toi home consumption 
How nian^ \eari, elapsed betoic the piiniitne factory was supeiceded In 
other- on a inoie enlaiged -c«le does not appeal But the old establish- 
ment was in opeiatiou long enough to gam loi itsopeiators the eonhdencc 
of the people and pa\e the wa^ to more extended opeiation'. not onh in 
the manufacture of wool, but even othei aitieic rerpured bv man and \et 
there is room tor women, and ample opportunities for the emplov meat ol all 
her talents and energies, m fields mutli more suited to her ta-te- and organ 
ism than the old tiead mills, that our ancestoP- deemed =o e^cential to tlie 
proper development ot the muscle and brain ol our daughters 

4th of JULY, 1808. 
In this, the Centennial year of our existence as a nation, it may be inter- 
esting to know something of the feelings tliat prompted those who lived 
-rvi'iiiv rears ago— for the 4th of July, was tlieii, us now, a national holi- 
,|;,y— ;, .luv (o Call fortli the patriotic seiitinient of the country— a day on 
wLirJi the people could commingle together and duly coiiinieniorate the na- 
tive day, sending the .interchange of good fellowship, re-alfirm their adher- 
ence to" the truths enunciated by the glorious old patriots, who on the 4th of 
July, 1776, proclaimed the United Colonies, free nnd independent. 

On the 4th day of July, 1808, the good people of Northumberland as- 
sembled themselves together, and prochiinicd to the world the fcllowing sen- 
timents, being embodied in seventeen toasts: 

Fini. The sovereign iieople— nature never made a slave. Six cheers. 
Second. The day — and all true patriots and philanthrophists who honor 
it. Six eheei-s. ^ 

Third. The National Government of the United States— may it he as last- 
ing as time, and its administration always pure and upright. Nine clieere; 
tune, Hail Columbia. 

Fourth. The Democrats of PenuBylvania, and their brethren in the sister 
States— may vigilance nnd firmness be their motto ; virtue their guide, and 
the public weal their object ; Six cheere that indicated the political senti- 
ment of the assembly. 

Sixth. The memory of Franklin aud Washington, aud other departed 
heroes and sages, whose councils and military virtues contributed so ably to 
the establishment of our Independence — may every true American shed a 
tear over their hallowed tombs. A solemn pause; tune Roslin Castle. 


SeieitUi The iiglit of siiHrnge and tlit purity c 

I 1 i\ iitL (lioolb— tlic diffusion . 

I III ])ie«a nnd ficedom ot ; 

Eiqhth V 

geuenl li i; | 
Teufli il 

T,i Iftl ( 

electiou — ina\ thej 
' knowledge pioiuotea 

AniLiKiiu niamiiactoi les — mj 
to appeal diesaed lu lionicspuii 

[Copies of lettera nddiessed t< 
^01 thiimbei laud Coiintj tlien i 

'DesrSir— I takt pki iiic 

led In tiiehinntsof thcoci 

nkcc Doodle 

itc < f the Uiiiuii— inaj thci 

iiitL I M itL — !ji!U the\ beai m mmd thit 
L t p M(.i ind al\\a\b be prepared to hum 

1 Siiite> — luaj it be coDhaed to natiouiil 
t — tlic heat tor local purposes 
I It be the pnde ot e\eij Ameiicau citueii 

Andie« Ro 

s a rc.ilkiil 

,ou 11 , 

":','■ 'V 

b> IHlllIu [11. 1 1 I ' 1 
•uthnimm »ill In t i i 
Stati, as euiichcd b^ -m li 
hih uamc iiiitl show Di 1 

,Mllafl,i,l 1, 
hniih mil 

«ltll IllUlOU^ 

m ]ji uiiiii 
1 ,1.1 t 1 

tul he lin. 111 
mil lliL Wi- 

ru 1 1 


PR lilt nil c 

thi Kttii 11 
\\ ith tu 

i.lJie- lit. 

ipllllKllto tU 


)oui siiiceie 

Mnjoi LaHiencc Kecuc PiofhonoInt> of 
siding m Sunhurj Pa 1784] 

■-Lptcmber bth 1784 
\oui ^ood office^ Di 
i.ttn'.nc leaining and 

iplinuiil-, t . Ml Joiq,h-tt ilh- 

mil till hiiu that 

dead He « i6 ,111 

'"' "uuliu 

111 1. «ell a, I iiiMlf 

his jile I iif heiiif; 1 

till tunc ot t 

n good fiieiid Ml Iveeue I a 

bj Ml Duimhclli 

- luitil rigiste 

lend and humble sei\aiit, 

» as lie lied It « 

iil.l hiidh do 


IVMIN Eubll 

mea Mho lu thib i 

.until ot unc 

of his life in America. 
Jiud he i.k-ii^ed wilh 1 
reque^liiig tur him thn 

Passy, March 12, 1784. 

-This ivill he delivered to )-ou by Dr. Ross, who is stroiig- 
ne hv pei-sons of disf'-"''-" '- '^ - ' - ' ' ' 
■eat part of the -\vorl 
ti\. You iviU find 1 

.1. With great esteem, 1 
irs, most a flee t ion ate ly. 

I > Lnd bulks and papei 
!■- to jiiake their own pens 
un t want to rite nor books 
do without them I neeil 

at the pre-ent da\ to 



I then limiil; ab. 

dai to ixcit 

but httk 

itori i t . 

hoik the 


f Ippei 

I lir wifi a 

till luict at 

1 pLiicefiil 

tthc, 1.1,1, 

d (mwaul 

r. r ,1111 

timt JIiv 

ltl .n .1, tin 

mind and 

Ik h III 1 

1 hu be 


I Irn.l bee 

o» her lit in the iicll but «l.i nas preiiiitid hi her 
1- ar,n-i<l Sin (hen leturnt.l into the h u^i .uzed 
ring hei head fioni her b id) lell dead he-idcs her 

husband sleepiii. \ 
blows ended tin i 
1) ing hi her -i It ,1 
Sn)iki attcnipleil 1. 
«0D 11 ho bi tbistiia 

hnsbiin 1 s bodi 

leie ie.i,led in Shnmokln about thiee miles south ot Snjdcr 
L L Chnniberlain who nnfoi tuuntelj had a step-dnughtei 
man led to i Mr E B Rhoades Rbondea joined the army in 1861 but 
.etnrnednfterlhcexpintionot oiieiear stopping ,.n h,s ii ,i h,mi, to hi» 
incnds with Mi T 1 Diumhtllii liindlord ,t Suiiliun and re isteiid his 
name on the hotel ugistii Noicmbti l,th ISb 

a Mr 

,. n pi 

1 tin 


nil k iiid t< 
tin niurdii 

e aiiusul Mr- Clinnibiilaiii ol 
I int .1 hlti .lolhi 1 r whiih 
eiM hctwiin the two— till Inier 
hiougk sonn means hi iiitncd 
m hii h u e and tlnn hot her 
nl Jiin in I pi in uinid guilti 

V new timl wn, giantisl and niinada, 
iiipuen the htncsti ol twthcjuiinien 
])kd tiee.loni iinil puiiti .tteii ettle 
ilohmg lues, and thousands of dollai,., and liequentli tlienisehes 
rend ; but it is claimed that Mr. Rhoildes' old father ivas poorer by 
euty thousand doUai^. after his son's acquittal. 

Many years ago, thore lesiilcd about eight miles oast of Snubury, a farmer 
nnd hotel keeper, who was noted liir ami wide for the good cheer dispensed 
at Ins table ami i,,.i,.t.T. ami ,vl iil.l .ippieiiate n joke with the best. 

i.[i..ak..,gllilii. Thethiretylarnnr 
, whose aequnintance with the judges, 



Bv fur the most important event in the history of this countr)-, smce its 
nlvenl ns an iudepmiicut nationality among the nations of the earth, Avas 
the tvar ivhich eoramcnced in 1S61, and ended in 186.5, overthromng the 
olignrcliy that had licen attempted in one section, and proclaiming us at 
once the free and independent people, that ive had only hecn m name to that 
dote As to the L=sucs growing out of the attempt to estahlish a separate 
nationality in one part of the United Slates, and the results of the struggle 
for national life, ive, as local historians, have nothing to do, except in so far 
as the events of the war nfTectcd localities and local interests. It is our pur- 
pose and duty to speak only of the part borne by, and the eifeet produced 
upon Northuiibcrlatul County and its people, leaving to others the disc... 
sion of the intricate questions involved, and a settlement of the ii 
out. The spirit manifested by the leaders of the South, enge 
breasts of the people of the North a strong feeling, that bccan 
in bitterness, at every progressive step. It was not sectional, 
ticipated in bv cvcrv aan, aa,l woman wlio had an ancestry to honor, and a 
future to provide li.r S,, g.iaral was this feeling, tha. .t the first attempt 
to throttle the had liardlyos yet thrown off itsswaddlingclothes- 
n universal erv of alorii. iin.l .listrcss was heard, tliroughout the entire land, 
iiuiitrv. Tlie eiiormitv of the 

s brought 


sectional, lint v 

latiug t 

lie heart i 

iillv ( 

tii rewound from the reciie nt strife. Fur a no.ioeut the liberty d.,ving sank 
down as if palsied with fear, but the rcai-tion brought to the front millions 
eagce to avigc the country's wrongs. With the scenes that followed to 
many t,f os were ..aiiliar. With the gloom, that like a funeral pall over- 
hung our beloved land the first thirty moiitlis of the struggle, came the 
feeling of despondency, reaching almost to despair, that wrenched from the 
hearts of all a wail of sorrow and woe. The dark cloud, like the canopy of 
night, Umt at Port Sumpter was scarcely larger than a man's hand, extended 
its ebony hue, until the entire horizon had been overcast, and bade fair to 
wrap in its mantle, the institutions that a hundred years of arduous labor 
had scarcely established; but intensified the love of country that pervaded 
every breast, and aroused to action, the lovers of liberty everywhere. The 
calls' for help were rcspoudcd to, all over the loyal North, and legions prot 
ferred aid to repel the advances of those who sought the nation's life. It 
would be invidious to partieulnrizc, when all exhibited so much enthusiasm, 
nnd hence it only becomes us, to treat upon Ihe part enacted by our own sol- 
diers, in the bloody contest. As has been elsewhere stated, the inhabitants of 
Nortiinmberland are composed largely of the deseendeuts of the Scotch-Irish, 
—than whom a more determined and fearless people never lived— of English 
whose love of freedom prompted them to a settlement in a country pre- 
suming little else then a life of hardship and deprivation of all that had 
made home attracrivi^nud of hardy, brave, Germans, whose love of quietude 
and wealth, never vitiates their love of country. Among the dcseendenta of 
such an ancestry, the coll for help to save li'bcrly to the future, was not in 
vain. From town and hamlet; from hillside and vale; from the fiirm and 
shop, in countless nund.ciT, the sons ol' Norlliumheriand moved in solid 
phalanx to the front, ami on many a hard-coiite.sted field, shed the blood of 
the bravest and best, in defeuse of univcraal liberty. How well they 
responded ; and the fate that befell many, will he shown in the final state- 
■ompanying tb 

:' Norlhuniherland soldiers. Astrong 


and pctsistent effort has been made to do full justice to the brave n 

this County, who staked life itself on 

Government. Officere have been ap d 

but all to no avail. We had hoped p 

and incidents of the last war, that 

of forgctfulness; to record here the d- 

soldierj; to preserve for posterity, 

deeds of heroes, whose bones now 

whose names will soon he forgott 

ofiiccrs ami relatives has been sol 

Taggart, of Northumberland, nnd D J 

response been made. The mustei 

names have been omitted, and som d 

Such as it is, we append it, truatin 

iretuating the memory of a faw of h bra 

Company A. , 

Captain, Cyrus Strouse i 1st Lieutenant, W. J. Allen ; 2d Lieutenant, a. 
B. Cadwal'der ; Ist Sergeant, John Harris; 2d Sergeant, Andrew Kreiger; 
3d Sergeant, J. B. Snyder; 4th Sergeant, F. Rhoads. 

1st Corporal, Jacob Rhoads ; 2d Corporal, Jncob Muehler ; .3d Corporal, 
Israel Starabach ; 4th Corporal, J. B. Getter. 

Musicians— AV. P. Caldwell, and Henry Starchal. 

Privates- Lewis L. Bcvnn, William Booth, ,Iohn Brennan, Ziba Bu-d, 
William Bower, George Blonkslev Hugh Boyd, Benjamin F. Gulp, William 
Gulp, Patrick Cnlyer, William C'olyer, Thomas Caldwell, Alexander Caldwell, 
Cliarles Conrad, CTCOrge Cramer, John Downey, Frederick Dibner, Jacob 
Dindorf, J. B. Baton, David Ephlin, J. E. Eisenhart, E. P. Fnik, Darms S. 
Gilger C L V Haas, James H. Haas, Thomas Harris, Henry Holshoe, 
Joel Holshoe, John M. Hedncr, John Hancock, James Hollister, Heniy 
Irich, Jacob W. Irich, J. M. John, Thos. R. Jones, Clmrles Kreiger, Geo. 
W Klnse John K. Lake, Michael Jliceberger, Jeremiah Maize, Charles 
Medara, John Meehan, John Neifer, W. B. Osmund, Jncob Peifer, J^W. 
Philipop, Josiah Raup, George Raup, JlichacI Rngan, James Stemt, God- 
fried Sherman, William Shuck, iNIichael Salter, Jacob Shield, August Shaual, 
W. Stilwagoner, D. S. Shipp, Wesley Van Gasken, Peter WenU, John Weir, 
D. J. Woodlcy, G. W. Weaver, Thos. R. Williams, J. B. Zhendor. 

Company F. 

Calitain C J Bruner; 1st Lieutenant, J. P. S. Gobin ; 2d Lieutenant, J. 
H. McCa^ty; 1st Sergeant, J. E. McCarly ; 2d Sergeant, C. P. Pleasant; 
3d Sergeant, S. H. Helper; 4th Sergeant, Jacob Kohrbach. 

1st Ooi-pornl, S. B. Bright; 2d Corporal, C. D. Wharton ; 3d Corporal, 
Daniel Oyster ; 4th Coporal, Wilhani Byera. 

Musicians— H. D. AVharton, and Jacob Weiser. 

Privates— Henry Alwiser, Julius Arbiter, Jarcd Erosions, Henry Buelier, 
Robert Brooks, Samuel Bartscher, W. M. Brisbon, Joseph Bright, Alfred 
Beekley, B. F. Bright, Francis Carr, W. J. Covert, William Christ, Henry 
Driscl,' Lewis Dome, David Druekomiller, Joseph Drisclinger, William 
Ed», Samuel Evster, Jacob Feight, Stephen Golding, B. W. Guides, P. S. 
Gusilera, W. D. Hiiss, Joseph Hildebrand, Charies Harp, Harris Hopper, 
Albert Haas, Allen Hunter, Ellas Hedding, Jared C. Invin, George Keihl, 
Daniel Miclmel, Charles McFarland, Sylvester Meyere, William Martin, 
John Mcssaer, Wm. H. ^^lllhouse, Mahlon Myci-s, P. C. Newbakcr, George 
Oyster Frederick Pill. Henry Quitschilber, Albert Robins, Reuben Ram- 
sey A Roderigne, L. T. Roliibach, Eugene Reiser, F. Schrank, Hugh Smith, 
John Snyder, C. W. Stewart, J. E. Seidcl, Joseiih .Smith, E. Starklofi; C. 
Schall, W. Stcdman, Charles Swoop, Geo. Tucker, William Volkc, Lot B. 
Wertzel, George Weynian. 


Captains— Jnmes Taggart; killed at Clinrles City Cross Roads, June 20th, 
'62. Charles Wells; promoted from Sergeant to 2d Lieutenant, September 
26th, '61 ; to 1st Lieutenant, December 16th, '61 ; to Captain, July 1st, '62; 
killed at Fredericksburg, December 13tli, '62. James D. Slater; promoted 
from Sergeant to 2d Lieutenant, December Kith, '61 ; to Ist Lieutenant, 
July 1st, '62 ; to Captain, December 13th, '62 ; transferred to Veteran Reserve 
Corps, September 1st, '63. John A. Mans; promoted from Sergeant to 2d 
Lieutenant, September 8th, '62 ; to 1st Lieutenant, March .5th, '63 ; to Cap- 
tain, January 1st, '64; to Brevet Major, March 13, '65 ; mustered out with 
company, June 11th, '64. 

1st Lieutennnts— Henry A. Colt; resigned November 9th, '61.^ James A. 
Keefer- promoted from Sergeant to 2d Lieutenant, March 5th, '63 ; to 1st 
Lieutenant, January 1, '64; dismiffied March 3, '64 Peter Vandliug ; pro- 
moted from 2d to 1st Lieutenant, April 2d, '64 ; mustered out with company, 
June nth, '64. Charles 0. .Jones; 2d Lieutenant, resigned October 8th, '61. 


1st Seigennts — Josiali Newben nil 
Si Tmopli Hnsnii roundel m\ ]>, 


III lltli 

ed out with corapaii) lime lltli 
lei It New Mnilvet Cmss R ads 
Kill I il ^ '■eitiniit — I a DicflLiiliucliLi 
iliti 11 \i 112 II Slid k Kiee^ci tiiius 
I \ 1 lull I til 14 xctcinii J C ^c»bu^, 
iiiiiiil P \ol^ Iiim fctli bi ^etelnn Joseph 
VeteniH Reserve Corps musteied out with com 

G W Fi 

-^\ H Morgan mustered rut Mith company June 11th 64 
t ci]tuud at Gettysburg lulj 2d (j3 absent at tamp parole 
at niustci out J M Scout mustered out mth compnm June 11th 64 
DnMd Hank tnniferied honi Vctcinu Resene Corps mustered out with 
conipiin Juni, 11th 64 James Throp trnnsfei red flom Veteran Reser\e 
Coips muatorcd out with compaiij June 11th 64 L Vandling ilisdiaigcd 
Noiember 10th 62 for wounds iccoi\ed at Ne« Moiket Cioss Roads J 
C Cuiaou dischaiged No\ember 10th 62 for wounds received at New 
Mniket Cro=s Roads ^Y B Wnllis transferred to 19l8t Keglment P 
Voli luiicOth 64 vet William Young August 12th 62 tinu=feriedto 
I'llst Regiment P Vols June 6th 64 J C Vons Jul, 2oth 61 killed 
at Frcdeiukshuig December 13th 62 

Musicians— H C Standiab dishonoiabl) dischnigcd Dccembei lOtli 61 
Geoige Biikinduie discharged on Suigeon s certificate Aprd lOtli 63 

Pii\atis— H J Angle Julj 25tli 61 tiaiirfcrrcd to icgulai ainij 
Noienibei 27th 62 Willmm Black mustered out with compauj lune 
lltli 64 D Beddoes dischirged on Surgeons ceitificatc Oct jbci 24th 
26 William Beidlcmnn tiausfcued to icgulai aimj >,o\einbci 27th 62 
Jes,e Baiuliait Jaiiuan 22d 64 tiaiisfeiied to l^lot Regiment P VjIs 
June 6th 64 Ed Eaiuhait Tnnuaii 22 64 transfeircd to Iflst Regi 
meut P VoL, June Cth 64 B P B-islme Januari 22d 64 transfeired 
to 19l3t Regiment P Vols June ( th 64 J H Bnutigau kdled at 
riederiekEbuig December Uth 62 I \N Bennct kiUel at Cainco Mill 
June 27th 62 J F Bnshoie Pebumr\ 3d 64 kilkd at Spotts>hama 
Couit House Ma\ lOth (4 Simuel Claik tiaufeirel frjui Veteran 
Reserve Corps musteied ut with tompinv June 11th M ^\ illiam 
Outlet missed in action at Sj) ttihunii Court Home Al-ij 10th 64 
Heuij Cioop dischaiged on Suigc JUS ccitihcate August 7th 61 loliu 
Campbell tiausfeiied to legiilai ami) Deceiiibci 6th 62 Aljii/o Copp 
tiausfeiied to 191st Regiiueut P Vols lune 6fh 64 vet Jacob Cole 
Jul) 25th 61 trausfeiled to 111 t Regiment P Vols June fitll 64 Z 
Chappie Pcbiunn 3d 64 tiausfeiied fi 191 t K gimciit P \ 1 lunc 
6th 64 fldham Cliiiple diel at Cimp Picrj nt "^ i D c i iKi 10th 
61 Jame Duff) duel ar,,(d uu Suij^eni a eertih ntc Vu^ i t 7tb 61 
Geoige Damuth tiiufciiclt 1 II t Eigiiinut P -^ ol J inc I th (4 
vet Hcnrv Dale died u Cam] Pier] nt ^ a De embei 10th 61 Henr) 
ElUon Octobei 9th tl dicliaitl n Suigcou certificate October 2'ith 
61 Willaid Eckeit tiaifcriclt 191 t Rmnient P Vols June 6tl 
64 \et BenjaiuiuEveit lul) 2itli (1 tiausfeiied tu 191st Regiment 
P Vols June 6th 64 vet Albeit Fuliei duchaigid ou Suigeous cei 
tificate Jul) 13th 61 John I loegie August 8tb 61 tianofetred to 19l3t 
Regiment P Vols June 6th 64 vet Isaae S Pleeglc Pebuiui) 9th 
64 tiausfeiied to 191st Regiment P Vols June 6th 64 vet. Amos 
Gnimou dischaiged on Suigcou s ceifiticate Octobei 28th 62 John H 
Gibb ns discharged on Suigcons certificate Januar) 29th 63 Simon 
Gibbins Octcbcr9th 61 died at Cai ip Piorpont Va Deccmbei 11th 61 
John Goiinflo August sth 61 died at Baltimore November 26tb 62 
Joseph Gibbous deserted August 21st 62 E B Hu^he mustered out 
witli compau) Juue llfh 64 JuliUb Hurlinger di chaigcd en Suigeous 
certificate August 7th 61 Geoige Hanthirne discharged ou Surgcius 
ceitihcate Octobei 24th 62 Fostei Hem) discharged ou Suigeou s cer 
tiheate September 22d 63 Chailes T Hood Fcbluilrv 3d (4 trausferied 
to 191»t Regiment P Voh Juue ( th 64 Cliailes John on October 9th 
61 dischaiged on Snigeinhceitihcafe Decembei 14tb 61 Samuel I hn 
sou Octobei 9th 61 disdiaiged on Suigeou s cei tificate November 2d 62 
William Jiriett di ehaiged ou Suigeou s ceitihcate November 28tli 62 
J H Jihn on Jul) 21st 61 piomoted to hospital steiiait October 31st 
63 A\ illiani Kieflei discharged on Suigeon s certificate December 26tb 
61 Dnnid Kdlliide trnu.kiicl t) u^uliir iirmv N vend ti 27th 62 
EIwnilN Idinc tninslcricd 1 1 icgulni arm) Deccmbei 2 Itli 62 Isaac 
Kiimci h diarpcd ju Surgoii citihcatc Mirch 12th 6* Amos E 
kuapi luh iith 61 bed at Camp Pierpnnt \a Dccci ibei 7tb 61 
James K Little musteied out with compan) June 11th 64 John C 
Lloyd discharged on Surgeons certificate August 7th 61 William 

L) oils diioharged ou Surgeon s certificate September 28tb 01 Jams, E 
Moigan Julv 2)tb 61 tiansferred to 191 t Ivcgiment P \ oK June 6th 
64 vet John C Mrig-iu t ii fcircd t 1 11 i Regiment P Vols June 
6th 64 vet J.huMarii 1 ,li 1 it Phil iddphin Vugiist )'d 6' Pred 
B Mniii, \.i,,uli| II k-cittl June It 6! lame- M Pall mu 
tcied It V II ii|,i, line 11th 14 AI M Pliei , n tran C;rred to 
191tP\l li ,1 14 vet I.b„Mf„cr trv„fcrr,ltol91tRegi 
"""• I^ ^ ' ' ''I* "t JibuMEIrath lulv 2 th 1,1 trans 

f'"^'" ', "" ' P -^ I Jnnc Itl 64 vet Uig Newbury 

Jul)2,tb 11 .l.»lc,lcltr,m^e,crlnE.cvc( r, „u tercd out with 
companv June llth 14 Briok t.e«biri lulv ' tl If tiaiUeired to 
191st P Vols Jiiic 6tli (4 vet I .c,l N , I c, Idnuar, 9tb 64 
tiau feued to 191st P \ol June61hl4vct Ubim Ncwlur, diedat 
CumVeiland Md lulv llth II Ni hih Peilcr Iran ferrtd to 191st P 
Vol June 6th 64 vet J M Phdlip lulv 25tli 61 deserted date 
unknown David Ivakc disehnrgcl en Snigc n=ceiti6catc Miv "'d 63 
Jacob Reniiei fransfcried to 191st P A ol June 6tb 14 vet Evau 
Kenner tl lusferre 1 to 191st P -S ol> Iunc6tb 14 vet Gore Rake 
transfijrred to 191st P A ols luue I tb 14 vd VlcvinlrRalc died 
at Alexandria rtlmmrv '9th 64 G H Kq [ k lulv ')tb II mo tcred 
outwith 1 laiiv luiitlltl 14 I P •- h liin mu tercd lit with com 
panv Jul lltl 14 A\ s,t r k tni t ii 1 fr m ^ ctci-au Re-crve 

Juu 1 ] 1 11 I 1 1 11 t P 

Vols lui I tl 14 It ( V, „, ], I , i„|j^, j,|, |,j |_,|,^j jj j,j^j 
ericksburg December Hth 62 George A Silfer desipted late unkujvm 
J Trumphorc musteied out with companv June llth 14 F rnimbower 
transferred t J regular ami) December 6tli 62 I LTiivi \u u t sth 
61 truusferied to 191st Regiment P A I lui I ill I 4 v 1 D B ^ an 
R-irk triusferred to tegular iimv Nuvcnl i _ tl I II nil \ luecnt 
Fchruar) 12tli 64 tiai fen ltlltl"\l li lil 14 IluG 
Wint Iischnigcl 1 ■sii„ n rtift it I hill) I ,\ \\ |1 ,ec 

Julv 2jth 1 1 I 1 c 1 ^ 1 II \ 1 sil i 7 

Wm Weltlieis. tl t i I I v \ j p 

■ttiukehuiu Jul) II I 1 t I 11 1 t 1 II I I \ I I 1 64 

vd JohnWillian I ilv ' th II tian kiied ft 191 t P ^ I June 
bth 64 V t I 11 h W lib I, Vu.n t Sth 61 tranjicired to 191 t P 
\ol lune tlh 14 vcl ^j1 l\dln,d October 9th 61 transferred to 
191 t Regiment P V 1 June 6th 64 


a, 1 mj K 

Captains— Cv Ills Stiouse capture I at Mi 1 lid wn \a Mav 24th 62 
piomoted to Majoi November 1st 6' killc I at Chaucdlor-villc \a Mav 
2d 1363 AIe\ Cahlwdl j lomnted ti 21 Lieutenint Novciubei 1st 61 
to 1st Lieuteuaut August 9th 62 to Captain Novembei lot 62 musteied 
out with companv Jul) 6th 65 

1st Lieutenants— G B Cadwalader August 30tb 61 promoted to 
Quarter mastei September 17th 61 promote It \s i taut Quarter ma ter 
U S Vols Jul) Stli 63 W P Caldv dl k II 1 i I 1 M mtoin A a 
August 9th 62 Darius S Gilger prcn III 1 t ^ i i October 1st 

61 to 2d Lieutenant Vugust 9th 62 t 1 I 1 1 ii ii ^ venibcrlst 

62 discharged Dccerabei ISth 63 kr w ml ic i\ I t Gcttv buig 
Julv 3d 63 Jutnh B Gettei prom ted tr 2 1 Lieillcnaut N jvcmbei 1 t 

62 to 1st Lieutenant Maieh 21 t 64 disehiigel Sj tci iler 1 t 64 f i 
wounds leceivcd at Dallas Mav 25tk 64 vd fli iiis Vldeivtu pro 
motedto2l Lieutenant April 18th 60 ti I t Lieut nailt Mav '31 b3 
musteied nut Julv 16tli I i vd 2 1 Lieutcimiit — J W Phillii Mar li 
21st 14 killclici Dillas Ga Miv '3th 14 vd August Shen d 
promoted tj 2d Lieutenant Juh otli 63 mustered out with com] anv Julv 
16th 60 

lat Serjeant George Blunksb) Jauuarv 13th 64 piomoted to 1st Ser 
geant Jul) oth 6o mustered out Jul) 16th 6o vet Seigeants— Darnel 
Buhb Jnnuarv 13th 64 piomoted to Sergeant April 1st 64 mustered 
out Julv Ibth 6o vet D M Sn)der Januar) 13tli 64 promoted to 


Sergennt Jttuuarv 1st 61 mustered out Jul^ 16tli 60 \et Jolin Neuerf 
Jallln^^ 15tli 04 j ronintLl to ^crgLniit Jiil\ 3th (n imi=tered out Jiilj 

ilci Tunc bth b:> \et 
t 'd 02 Josep}i Long 

te] to Ltiporal No 

64 mustered out -Hitli conipunT Juh IGtli 65 vet J Eisenhart J[ttich 
IDtli (.4 111 teied ut \Mtli c 1 1] in T h K th ht ^et Jtliii 1 plei 

Septuil 1 il 1 I I 1 7 il I I lut 



Au^u t 1 I I I ^[ I ! 4 1 1 ] \ 

Juh K I I il I 1 11 I ill It 

^\ith 11 ( I 1 k 1 1 14 1 k It 

mmtci I ^\ \ ! kl I 1 tl I [ i I I u 

Surj^c I tl M 1 I I 1 ( il 1 1 tl U 

inut,t I 1 I I 1 1(1) f 1 J V ( I M I lltl 

64 I I I > Jih Kill ( \ t I 1 1 1 Al ich 

15tl I I nil I \ TihKtl (jT M.1 (.cie(_i\e 

Juh 1 t 1 ! t itli n, f ^ \ H ( -il mi 

Til !1 I I t tl ni 1 I * II 


I teniber 
A\ illiiim 
- 1 tcniber 
4 killed 

Mu 1 1 — L D \\ Ik ! I 
piD^ Jul\ lltl n I I \ H 
Octilej lilili I ' ( / 



12th (1 lltl t I I 
fai buiR 1 nt Ciiljci ] ( 
ictiou at "W iiichfcftci \ M 
'7th b4 iiiuterel ut Hi 
Vpteii bti 14th b-> i\ iitii 
mngtou Juh 4th bi li iftcd 

Til il titute 

J kl V r ^qiteraber 
1 1 Mount HI \ a Vugust 9th 
^ Samuel Alijid missmg m 
C J Bitt^nbeudei Februaiy 
Tuh 16th b} Charles Biirch 
r i ut with (.ompuuj A Ben 
ut 1 ith n 1 aii> Faiou Bradj 
m atti 11 Tuh Jitl (4 il'^ent at muster 
ut Milliam Ea-. Ahiuh 1 th 6j ah tnt ick nt mu=tei out Ed 
ward Bi \mi b chir^e<I ou Surgeons (.crlihLntc December ( th 62 Wil 
liam E Bird musteicd iit '^ejttmhci 16th 64 (.xpiratioii of term 
Frank B m ki I hii^. Mr^^uunl leconed "it (_ed ir Mountain Au 
rut )tl ' fl il I It lukl It "WincTo-tLi A i Mi^ 2^th 
b"> I 1 1) I 1 4tl ( I I I 1 ctntl it At tiLtiii '^ti t 111 1 l''th 
( - 1 i ik I tl ' il titutc kllkl IL 1 Atlllltl (.1 

Tuh u 1 I 4 J 1 Ilk L 111^ in aai n it ^\ iinl otc Mi) 2^t! 
b> M Br tiou. dc-tit 1 Tune 1 1 12 Ctnigc Bliin desLrtcd June 
1 t 62 C H Coi md Tel uian 'HI (4 rau tercl it witl compauj 
Tlll^ Ibth 65 '^aniULl Cla\bci^Lr Mai li J Itli 64 1 u tereJ ]ut with 
ompan> Jul) ICth 6) T A Cliik Tnuuan 4th 04 distharted on 
SuTj^e us Lcrtiheate May. 2i\ Gi ^a T hii \ Co Ici Fehruarj 28th 
62''diel'>cpttmbei llth 6' of wnui 1 rtCLi\Ld \t Ctdai Alountain Va 
Samuel Clark Juh lltb bi Irattcd bcl January ISth 64 buried at 
Stone Ri\ei I J Cuiiiiiuf,ham lui-^int, ni action at Cc lai Miuntaiu 
AugUht <nh 62 Th n I C llicr deseited Januai\ 14th C-, ^\ dliam 
M Cfok Seitcmbei lltl (2 substitute deserted date unkuown T T 
Craulall iib titute U itl Tune 221 (i Clnrlo H Duttcr\ lai u 
in 13th (4 muster 1 t itl j 11 \ Tiih 16th ( i Tho D 11 la] 

Juh llJth h) drafts 1 1 I 1 pan\ Vai n Dicp 1 Tl\ 

ruar\ 2U 63 n ii«l 1 t il | \ C D ij^Iieit^ Mirch 1 itl 

63 mu teied out \ ll 1 \ ( II D mkleb i T 1 1 m Hth (4 
absent ou turloufeb at 1 nf,tcr out 1 t 1 k D n Mm di diaiged Dec 11 
ber26th 62 fcr woundb recened at Cchii Mruntaii Vi A i^u t Ith 12 
John Dalles Juh 28th 63 dmttcd killelncir Uhnta Gi Juh 'Oih 

64 lohu Duncan Januarj 27th 6i bed at Iiidianai olia Ind Peici 
\ftl Durk Tebruarj 2oth 64 prisoner Irom Apnl 14th to Apnl 2011] Cd 
discharged by Gen Order May 18tb 65 Valentine Epler Jauuaij 13tb 




HoHnam k 1 \ 1 I I 11 t 

roll Miclicl T 1 1 1 tl I I 

Jul) Ktl n W II I II f I 14 1 1 

out will 1 I 1 1 t! f 1 I 1 M I II 14 

muste 1 t tl I Tuh Kt! ( J iu 111 1 1 I I 1 1 ut 

SeptL 1 1 I 4 I tinoitcin "W ill a . H T <. Pel ru m ' th 
64 kill I M t (.1 Jih '"'I 64 T qh Tagger UU Hth 

63 draitel kille 1 it 1 utallj it Sa\amiah Gi Janiiaij 1st 63 Da-\id 
Jones mi-^inf, in action it Cedai Mountain August 1th 63 John A 
Knhle PLbruaiv 26th 04 mu teied out with Lonipan^ Juh 16th 65 
AbnhamKeiper rebiuar> 23d bo mu tered out with compim Juh 16th 
6:1 John Knipe Se])tember 12tli 61 di^eharged December 0th 62 foi 
Hounds received at Cedai Mountain August 9th 62 Nitholas Kein Sep 
tember 12tb bl dischait,ed on Suigecns ceitificate Decemhei bth 62 
"\V H Kerbn Miuih 9th 64 killed at Atlanta Ga Juh 20th 64 
Trancib M Lott Juh lOtb 64 mustered out with tompanj Juh 16th 
05 \et Jo cph Le%er musteied out September lOtli (4 expiiation of 
term W H Lott piisunei fiom Apiil 14th to A.piil 29th 03 di dialled 
on General Ordci Mn IStb 63 Mt W C Led ig Mirch 14th (.4 
died Aij,ust 11th (4 t \ mi Is ictcnel at Al lento s Jolm L ndou 
dacited Sqteiilci Ut i ~> E] hi 11 n P Metz J man 13th (4 mus 
teied out with c 1 1 1 n\ Tuh Hth I j Paul Martin February 221 64 
muhtercd futwitb conim Jul W tb 6} Junes Mirtin Pebruan 24th 
04 mustered out with conipain Jnlj 10th 63 Claries Mor^in dis 
charged cu Suigcons ceitificate October Slst 62 Arthui Moone^ s^p 
temhei 14tb 61 distbarged n Suigcons certificate Januan 1 Itli Ci 
Reuben Mullen Scptembci 12th 61 mustered out September 1( tl 64 
expiiation of term Elias Maurer March 4th 64 li«Lhirj,cd Octobei 
26tb 64 iorwiundsieceuelatDallas Ma^ 20th 64 C W Mettler Peb 
rua^^ 25tli 64 die 1 at Dccheit Tenu Aprd 10th 04 Jolm ^ledlicott 
lanuan 13tl 04 bed Octobei 27th 64 t woun k, reccncd at Peach 
Iitc C urt Ga Tuh 20th (4 J cph McCait^ August 2Jth 02 pio 
inotcd to Adjutmt V lyu tl'tl I 4 mu teied out with legineut Juh 10th 
10 T liu E MtC irt\ Augut2<)th 62 piomotcd t Se geant Co 1 1 iny 
I Apnl Ibt 64 di charged h\ Genenl Order June Stl I 3 M T Mc 
Djwell Juh 11th (J substitute died Septembei 7th (4 I 11 e I t Cliat 
tanoign Gu> AltCnulj deseitcd Septcmler It (2 C Ne ntei 
Taiuar) lith (4 iiuteiel it iMtl n nn\ Thill ( Vi ob 

^elbw liter Jinuarv Hth i 4 m 1 te 1 it tl | T h 1 tl 1 

Time^H Piltii T h -i] t I 3 1 .it 1 i i l tl ] Tuh 

16th (3 Daniels Peiki di cl irf,el ns t li U T 11 2 Ith 

62 LewTS Paul disehaiged Octol ei 23tl i2 ti ^\ouuds lecened at 
Cedai Mountain Va Jo eph Perry deseited Septembei 1 02 Moses 


Keed, Januaiy IStli, '64; mustered out with eompauv, July 16th, '05; i 
Paul Roth. SInrcIi 8th, '64 ; luustoml out will 

. .lulv 16lh, '65; 

Pleasant Hill, La., April 9th, '64 ; killed i 
19th, '64. Peter Haupt, SepteudR-r 17th, T.l 
Pomlaliso, KoveinhiT 1.5th. 'Ilj .1.1, i, l:;,ii 

with coiopauy, .luly l(>lh, '(i.r); . 
cei-tilicate, Oetoher o.^tli, '62. H. 
'64; expiration of tcnii. 'W. H. 
General tinkr. Jlov 07th. 'II.t; 

. II i .■ . ,ii.>l!ireh 

.1. Si r.. .hilv l::ili.'i;4; nnistered 

.1. E liSliodii, .Iidv l:;ih.'64; nius- 

.. ■115; vil. S. A. Sl.iif,.,!!. .July 13th, 
idy 16lh, '6.5; vet. Niehoks Steihen, 
lired out with company, .Inly 16th, '65. 
li'd; mustered out witi. ooni'panv, July 
,„-v 041I1, 'lil; .Irafii-.l; 010-lered out 

1.5th, '65. 
. II. Slen- 
li. r-. Soil- 

ills— Tin 

Vn., Septon.her .5lli. i.h ... 
promoted April 1!J.I, . 
promoted April '_'Jil .. ' 1 . 

promoted .July 1st, 1;", ; . 

moted July 1st, '6.5 ; iiinster.'.l . 
23d, '64; promoted August Isl. 
Helm, mustered out .Septeniher 1 
der, October 6th, '64 ; promoted 
Oetoher 5th, '65. G. K. Hehlci 

wounded at Cedar Creek, October Ifltli, 

'64 ; deserted, June 1st, '65. Mark Shipman, April 1st, '65 ; deserted, June 

i.n^..l Jiai iMli. lu. by tleueral Order. Allied Till.-norlli, killed at 
ir Mounl.dn, August 9th, '62. D. J. "Woodley, Jaounry IMlli. '64; uuis- 
I out with eonipauy, July 16th, '65. John L. Walton, Aprd 13th, '6.5; 
litute; diseharged'by General Order, July 13th, '6,5. li. O. Wilson, 
• 31st, '63; sniislitutc; prisoner Irora February loth 10 April 2d, '65; 
harged June 12lli. '65, by General Order. Waller AVilliams, March 
'64; captured; died October Sth, '114, at Andereonville; Georgia grave, 
21. Jl. Worzkoski, died of wounds receivcil at Cedar Mountain, Va., 
;ust tub, '62. P. J. Zimmerman, died December 26th, '61, at Frederick, 
; buried at Antietnni. Alexander Zancollar, February 25th, '64; killed 
larrietta, Georgia, July 20th, '64. 


her 1st, '64; 


t Lie. 

nded 1 

uslered out with 
2d Lieutenaut, 
■aplaiu, Septem- 
od Cwlar Creek, 

October 19th, '64. 

1st LieutenauK— .James Van Dyke, resigned, .January llltb, '62. Wm. 
Reese, promoted ti-om 2d to 1st Lieutenant, January 14th, '1)4 ; discharged, 
April 14tli, '64. W.M.Hendricks, jiromoted to 1st Lieuteiuint, September 
1st, '64 .■ resigned. May Sth, '6.5. 2il Lieutenaut [:. S. Beard, pr..nioted to 2d 
Lieutenant, .Septcndicr 1st, '64; to 1st Lieuteiuint, .July .otb. '65 ; mustered 

. Dr. 


. Y. 

■ 22d, 

Surgeon's e 

Richard llill.Septcu.her 13lh, 



trausfer from coiiiimny E, 14tli Cav., February 26tli, '65 ; iiuistercd out, Sep- 
tciiibi-rlTtli, ■!>';; .KiHimtioDofterm. Freeman Haupt.disdiiiigeJ by General 

()i,l I h 1,1 1 JlM.'i.,i. C.K.Herb, NoYenilK-r 2l)tli. ■i;".: tiiiii-rc-rrcclto 
V, I I .M:irfhl2tli,'W. Gl-ofl'.- Hnii. i Kill, 4 .K Pnctaligo, 

(.,, _ I , ijii.ih Haas, woumled ill Pn.MCiliL-n i m,.I„ , 22d,'62; 

kill. ' ,' - ,1 II, I . - Knails, Lii, August otii, '.^-J. .! ^. Unit, .lied at 
Nei\ ()H.;iii-. Lii. August nth, '154. JarM C. Ii^iu. Fd.iuury 'iUt. Ut; 
musterea out with L-onipany. DGn.-niher 2-5tli, '(5o. Saniud J.nie^, January 
22cl, '64; mustered out witli ci.miiauy, Pecembor 2-}tb. '(J.). G. D. Jolni, 
February 2M, '154; «oumled at Cedar Cicek, Ya., October 19tli, '04; nuis- 
ter«I out, July (itii, '65. Cruelius Kramer, wouuded at Plfa.saiit Hill, La., 
April iitb. '64 ; mustered out with company, December 16th, "(io ; vet. Lorcn/o 
Kramer, February 2Sd, '65 ; mustered out w itli eonipaiiy, Decciuber 25, '65. 
E. H. Luiser, November 27th '63; mustered out with company, December 
25th. '(i5. I-aai- Kemblc, mustered out, September ISth. '(U; expiration of 
term. D. W. K.-mhie, nuistcretl out, September l«th, '64 ; expiration of tflrm. 
Isaac Kramer, November 28d, '63; wouuded at Cedar Creek, Va., October 
liJth, '(i4; discharged on Surgeon's certificate, August Sth,'65; vet. James 
Keimcdy,died, April 27th, '64, of wouud:, received at Pleasant Hill, La., April 
!)th, '64; vet. Theodore Kiehl, killed at Cedai- Creek, Va., October 19th, 
'64. Geo W.Keii-er, February 20th, '64; killed at Cedar Creek, Va., Oc- 
tobd V.Hh. ii4 (iMii^re Kiamer, November 20th, '63; died on board of 
Uiiii. -I --Lii • ii.iii-i"ii[," Mississippi," August 27th, '64. Wm. Lugan, Feb- _'l-i. u. i,iu-ii led out with comjjauy, December 25tb, '65. L. K. 
LaiidniL. diMh,ii-.Nl „n Surgeon'? certificate, JIareh 3d, '62. Charles Leffer, 
October 2d, '62; w.mnded at Pocotaligo, October 22d, '62; mustered out, 
June 14th, '6-5. M. Larkias, October 2d, '62 ; wounded at Pocotaligo, Octo- 
ber 22d, '62; mustered out, October 1st, '65; expiration term. Wni. Lein- 
berger, October 2d, '62 ; trausferred to company A, 21st Regiment Veteran 
Reserved Corps, April 28th, '6.x Thos. Lothurd, wounded at Pocotaligo, 
October 22d, '62, and Sabine Cross Road.-, La., April Sth, '64 ; deserted, July 
5th, '65; vet. Eli Stiller, absent, without leave at muster out. Samuel 
Miller, prisoner from April «th to July 22d, '64 ; mustered out with company. 
John Munsch, mustered out with company, December 25th, '65. J. "W. 
McLane, November 27th, '63 ; mustered out with company, December 25th, 
'65. Alex. JlcCuilough, Februarj- 24th, '64; mustered out with company, 
December 25th, '65. Adam Maul, prboner from May 2d to July 22d, '64 ; 
on detached duty at muster out. Robert C. McNeal, mustered out with 
coni]»uuy. J. W. McNew, wounded and prisoner at Pleasant Hill, La., April 
9th to July 22d, '64; mustered out with company. William McNew, mus- 
tered out with company. Sanmel ilcNew, November 2S£h, '63 ; mustered 
out with company. John McGraw, mustered out ^vitli company. Warren 
McEwen, discharged on S»rgeon'.s certificate, December 7tb, '62. George 
Miller, wounded at Pleasant Hill, La., AprU 9th, '64; mustered out, Sep- 
tember 8th, '64; expiration term. William Michael, January 23d, '64; 
wounded at Cedar Creek, Va., October 19tb, '64; musteied nut. May 20tb, 
'65. Edward Matthews, October 2d, '62; prboner from April .Sth to July 

2d, 'lU, 

, October Sth, ' 

2 Mnlick, 

i;:.. F. H. McNeal, deserted, June 15th, '65. Benj. 
M. riiilipi'- uiii-iMid nut, December 25th, '65. Thomas Nipjde, wounded 
at s.iliiiii t'lu-, La., April Sth, '64, mustered out with company. 
Da\ Ninliii, <li-< hurried on Surgei)n''-eertificatc, April 13th, '65; vet. Jno.S. 
U\.-tcr, November 2llth, '63 ; mu^tered out w itb company. Kich'd. O'Rouke, 
wiiuuded lit ( 'edar Creek, Va., October liJth, '64 ; niu-^tered out with company. 
John B. Ot[<s mustered out with cimipany, December 25tb, '65. Wm. Plant, 
mustered out September, '64; expiration of term. Wm. Pfeil, September 
6th, '61; muKtered out September, '64; expiration of term. Raphael 
Perez, May 20th, '63; discharged; date unknoira. J. R. Rhine, mustered 
out \vith company, December 25th, '65. H. B. Rodrigue, November 27th, 
'63 ; mustered out with company, December 25th, '65. Jacob Reim, Feb- 
ruary 21st, '65 ; mustered out witli company, December 25th, '65, P. M. 
Randall, mustered out with company, December 25th, '65. Alexander 
Ruft'aner, mustered out with company, December 25th, '65. H. B. Rob- 
inson, November 28th, '63; discharged by order of War Department, Jan- 
uarj' 24tb '65- minor. Joseph Rish, October 6th, '64; mustered out 
October 6tb, '64 ; c-xpiratiou of term. S. M. Reigle, discbar;:cd on Sur- 
genn'- .■(^■lili. ill.', Oi't.ibcr9th,'65. John Sunki-i, wmuLdMl :il ( Vdar Ci-eek, 
V,i,n,.|„hu i;i'lli, '64; mustered out with M,i,i|p.iin. DmmiiIhi 25th, '65. 
Julm \V siiiii),, iiiuviiieil nut with compain, Iln-inb, i J'.lii. ii5. Adam 
Stnitig, F>-biiiar\ 24lh, '64; absent, sick, at mii-tu mil Z.n-li. Seaman, 
FehriTary 24th, '65 ; mustered out with company. H. C. SeiLsholtz, Feb- 
ruary 23d, "65 ; mustered out with company. Ira Seasholtz, February 23d, 

'65 ; mustered out with company. Cliristinn Schnll, mustered out Sep- 
tember 18th, '64; exi)iration of term. Isaac Snyder, mustered out Septem- 
ber 18th, "64; expiration of teim. Cbarle^ F. Stewart, prisoner from 
October lilth, '64. to Jlarch 4th, '6.1; mu-teied nut, May 2f)th, '65; vet. 
H. A. ShiHin, Xov..Tnber 27th, '6'?; «ouu<lc<l at Cedar Creek, Ont.iber 19th, 
■64; tmu-ferred to V. R. C, Fehiuaiy, 'l55 Jo^epli Smith, killed at 
Cedar Creek, October 19th, '64. Peter SHcinhait. November 20lh, '63; 
tiled, December 1st, '64, of wounds received at Cedar Creek, Va., October 
19th, '64. John C. Sterner, killed at Plea-ant Hill, La., April 9th, '65. 
Ephraim Thatcher, musteied out, September, '64; expiration of term. 
Noah Ulricli, mustered out, October 5th, '65; expimtiou of term. Robert 
W.Vincent, February 26th, '64; nui'^tered out with|iauy, December 
25th, '65. Fretleriek Vaun, February 24th, *64 ; tiansferred to Company 
G., Dec. 16th, '64; mustered out witli comjiany. David Werklc, wounded 
at Cedar Creek, October 19th '64; absent, sick, at nuister out. Joseph 
Waltcre, wounded at Cedar Cieck, October l!)th, '64; mustered out with 
company. Samuel AValters, November 2SI:h, '63; mustered out with com- 
pany. Henry W. Wolf, mustere-l out, Sciitcudier 18th, '64; expiration of 
term. Theo. Woodbridge, musteied out, September 18th, '64; expiration 
of term. James Whistler, mustered out, September ISth, '64; expiration 
of term. Benjamin AValls, wounded at Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, '64; 
mustered out, September 18th, '64; expiration of teini. Samuel Whistler, 
mustered out, September 18th, '64; expiration of term. Cliarlcs Wenrick, 
November 26, '63 ; mustered out, June 6th, '65. Solomon Wetzel, October 
17th, '64; mustered out, October 16, '65; expiration of term. George C. 
Watson, died at Key AVest, Fla., August 26th, '62. Peter M'olf, killed at 
Pocotaligo. October 22d, "62. John E Will, killed at Cedar Creek, Octo- 
ber 19th, '64. E. E. Wallers, November 28th, '63 ; died at Charieston, 
August 20th, '65; vet. J. AV. AA''aIton, deserted, June 2d, '65; vet. 
Jamffi AA^olf, deserted, Feb. 6th, '63. 

53d 1 

Captains— JlcCurdy Tate, discharged, August 28th, '62. P. H. Schreyer, 
October 10th, 61; promoted to Captain, August 2Stb, '62; commissioned 
Major, September, 18, "67; not mustered; mustered out, October 8tb, '64; 
expiration of term. James D. Mai-sb, promoted to Captain, November, 2d, 
'64; mustered out with company. 

1st Lieutenants— Lawrence Huff, promoted to 1st Lieutenant, March 1st, 
'63; commissioned' Captain, September 28tb, '64; not mustered; mustered 
out,' October Sth, '64; expiration of term. W. AV. Dentler, promoted to 
Commissary-Sergeant, December 22d, '63; to 2d Lieutenant, December Sth, 
'64; to IstLieutenant, January 18th, '65; mustered out with company, June 
30th, 1865. 2d Lieutenants-^. T. Piatt, promoted to 2d Lieutenant, August 
22d, '63; dbmissed, April 13th, '64. M. Thornton, promoted to 2d Lieu- 
tenant, January 24th, '65; mustered out with company. 

1st Sertreautt- Alfied Hays, promoted to Ist Sergeant, March 28th, '65; 
mustered out with lompany." Charles Allen, promoted to 1st Seigeant; died 
at Annapolis. Jlarcb 28tb, '65. Sergeants- H. S. Geiger, promoted to Ser- 
geant; mustered out with company. J. F. Albright, promoted to Sergeant, 
January 24th, '65; mustered out with company. S. Robenold, promoted to 
Sergeant, Febmarj- 27tb, '65; absent, sick; mustered out. J. F. Ryan, 
promoted to Sergeant, March 28th, '65; mustered out with company. James 
GeiBt, promoted to Sergeant; prisoner from June 10th to November 25th, 
'64- discharged, by General Order, same date. John C. Irwin, February 
lltii '64; captured; died at Millen, Ga., October 14tli, '64. S. D. Haugh- 
enback, killed in action, June 16th. '64. AVm. Harrison, died, July 2d, '64, 
of wounds reeeivej in action. 

Corporals— Levi A. Leferm, promoted to Corporal; mustered out witli 
company. Amnndus Gold, January SOtli, 64; promoted to Corporal; pris- 
oner from August 25th to September 25tli, '64; mustered out witli company. 
J, M. Confer, promoted to Corporal; prisoner from June 1st to September 
13tb '62- mustered nut with cooipany, June 30th, '65. James Rodermel. 
January iiOtli, '64; promoted to Corporal, February 22d, 6.'i; nmstcred out 
with company. A. D. Galutin, April 4tli, '64; pnuuoled to Corporal Feb- 
ruary 23d, '6,5; aljscnt, sick; mustered out. Theodore .'icott, wouudcd in 
action June 17tli, '64; absent at nmster out. D. P. Waltman, promoted to 
Corporal, May 25tl., '68 ;' mustered out with cou.pauy. W. J. Bickford, 
August 30th, '63 ; dratted ; promoted to Corporal, December 11 tb, '64 ; absent, 
sick, at muster out. Jacob Corey, August 30th; drafted; promoted to Cor- 



poral, Jiiuunry l3t, '0.5; ah-inu, Ark, -.n jiuisiL-r mit. Lituiel Stauley, m-n- 
Dioted to Corponil; ]iri>-oiii.r JVom 0,tn]>|.|- Utli, 'l!3, to November 9th, '64; 
disflmrged, hy OeucTal OnU-r. f.uw .l.itD. John Sliowei^, October 1st, '64; 
(Iralted; rlL-ehiu-fruil. by (.Seocral Order, May 31st, '65. James Ossenan, 
■ Min-eh 22d, '64; .li^'har-eil, by Genera] Order, Jime ICtli, '6,5. C. F. 
Hobabow, October, 22d, '6;-l ; di:^ehur;refl, by General Order, Jiine ICth, '6o. 
R. P. Btriiie, October 22d, '6:^; died, May i2tb, '64. of wounds received in 
action. Henry Kobler, October 22d, '6o; nut on muster-ont roll. H. W. 
Hagenback, October 22d, '6.5; not on muster-out roll. M. L. Everhart, 
October 22d, '63 ; not on muster-out roll. J. M. Hougendobler, October 22di 
'65; not on nnister-out mil. Wm. C. Best, October 22d, '65; uot on muster- 
out roll. Joseph Bhiek, October 22d, '65; not on muster-out roll. 

Musicians— AViii. Longniackcr, February 25tb, '64; mustered out with 
company. James McCleary, February 26tb, '65; mustered out with com- 
pany. John Caldwell, promoted to pi. niusiciau, November 1st, '61 ; vet. 
John Dally, not on muster-out roll. 

Pi-ivates— Set-K Andrews, August 19th, '63; drafted; absent, sick, at mus- 
ter out. AV. J. Ameigh, .September 26tb, '64; dratted; died, April 13th, 
'65, of wounds received in action. S. "W. E. Byere, March 24tb, '64 ; absent, 
sick, at nmstei- out. D. Buchanan, October 26th, '64; substitute; mustered 
out with company, June SOtli, '65. Samuel Bittner, June 3d, '64; drafted; 
discharged on Surgeon's certificate, December 3d '64. Perjy C. Brown, 
September 27th, '64; drafted; discharged by General Order, May 31st, 'Ho'. 
J. D. Barber, September 28th, '64; discharged, by General Order," May 31st, 
65. John Boal, October 1st, '64; discharged, by Geueral Order, May 31st, 
'65. Benjamin Bittner, October Ist, '64^ drafted; discharged, by General 
Order, May 31st, '65. John D. Burd, April 4tb, '64; captured; died at 
Florence, October 14th, '64. J. N. H. Bell, April 4th, '64; died, June 10th, 
'64, of wounds received in nctiou, M. Bumbaugh, August 29th, '62; drafted; 
deserted, March 5th, '65. J. H. Brubaker, August ,28th, '63; drafted; 
deserted February 10th, '56. G. W. Bowei-s; not on muster-out roll. 
Charles Britton, not on muster-out roll. W. W. Burrows, not on muster- 
out roll. Nicholas Beckei-, not on muster-out roll. R. P. Brattou, not 
on muster-out roll. Thomas Bird, not on muster-out roll. J. B. Culbertsou, 
August 21st, '63; drafted; deserted October 9th, '64; returned, November 
1st, '64; nuistered out witli compimy. Francis Cauovan, October. 18th, '64; 
substitute; absent, sick, at muster out. N. D. Clutter, April 12th, '64; 
mustered out with company. Peter Q. Cerlough, August 20th, '63 ; drafted ; 
absent, sick, at muster out. Thomas Collins, November 1st, '64 ; substi- 
tute; discharged by Geueral Order, June 8th, '65. Frederick Carver, Oc- 
tober 1st, '64 ; drafted ; discharged by Geueral Order, May 13th, '65. John 
M. Coist, January 19th, '63 ; died, August 13th, '64, of w-oimds received in 
action. "\\'. L. Coster, Api-i! 4tli, '64 ; died at City Point, Va., July Sth, '64. 
Christopher Corwiii, April 4th, '64; killed iu action, March 31st, '64. 
Friend Cook, March 5th, '64; discharged by General Order, May 13tli, '65. 
William C. Coyle, not on muster-out roll. Walter Cowden, not on mustei- 
out roll. L. W. Divclbiss, August 19th, '63; cbafted; mustered out witli 
company, June 30th, '65. Jacob Divelbiss, August 27th, '63; drafted; 
absent, sick, at muster out. Charles N. Dunbar, April 4th, '64; discharged 
by General Order, May 31st, '65. David Dougherty, October 4th, '64; 
drafted; discharged by General Order, June 16th, '65. Ira Downs, Apiil 
4th, '64; captured; died at Salisbury, N. C, November 30th, '64. Wil- 
liam Dix, October 24th, '64; substitute; deserted April 20th, '65. WUliara 
Deetz, not on muster-out roll. G. W. Deer, not on muster-out roll. W. 
H. Dobbs, March 25tli, '64 ; deserted March 27th, '64. Oscar E. Erway, 
April 4th, '64; deserted July 15th, 64; returned December 26fh, '64; dis- 
charged by General Order, July Sth, '65. George Eaton, February 3d, '64; 
absent, sick, at muster out. J. L. Evans, September 17th, '63; drafted; 
absent, sick, at muster out. John Eveland, not ou muster-out roll. Peter 
Fowler, April 22d, '64; not on muster-out roll. Charles A. Fisher, Septem- 
ber 17th, '63 ; drafted ; absent, sick, at mustei' out. John Fisher, November 
29th '62 ; mustered out witli company, June 3d, '65. Samuel Fisher, June 
4th, '64; discharged by General Order, June 19th, '65. Hugh Fishei-, not 
ou muster-out roll. Aaron Fox, not on muster-out roll. Jolin B. Grumm, 
April 4tli, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, 'Co, Timothy Ga- 
lutia, April 4th, "64 ; absent, sick, at nuister out. W. J. Grover, Ajiril 4th, 
'64; mustered out with company, June 30th, '65. .Jeremiah Garris, March 
3d, '64; missing in action, May 12th, '64. G. AV. Gates, September 27th, 
'64; dratted; discharged by Geueral Order, May 31st, '65. Charles Gummo, 
September 27th, '64; drafted; discharged by General Order, May 31st, '65. 
Robert Hall, March 24tli, '64; wounded in action, April 2d, '65; absent at 
muster out. John High, mustered out with company, June SOtli, 65 ; vet. 

D. Hendricksoii, April 4th, '64; wounded at Cold Harbor, June 3d, '64; 
absent at muster out. Daniel Harvey, March 31, '64; wounded at Spott- 
sylvania Court House, May 12th, '64; ab.=ent at muster out. Levi Hamil- 
ton, March 2Sth, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, '65. D. S. 
Hopkins, February 29th, '64; discharged by General Order, July 7th, '65. 
M. V. Huffmaster, August 28tb, '63; drafted; mustered out with company. 
Thomas Hughes, Febniary 26th, '64; discharged by General Order, June 
5th, '65. Henry Houts, October 1st, 'yj; dratted; discharjied by General 
Order, May 31st. '65. Georue Hau?e; discharged on Surgeon's certificate, 
February 20th, '6-5. Jolm Hcnrv, Nnvember I'-t, '64; .-^nbstitutc; killed in 
action, March 31pt, 'K.">. II;ill IK^nn, .apliind; diid at Florence, S. C, 
October 20th, '64. A. S. Iha.U. April -Itli, 'i;-! ; ilk-d Julv 2,1. 'm, of wounds 
received in action. S. W. Hnpkins, .\pril 4lb. (;4; disrbiirM by General 
Order, May 1.5th, '6-5. Joseph Harris, not on muster-out roll. Alexander 
Hazlett, not on muster-out roll. George Jones, Febiimry 27th, '64, mus- 
tere*l out with company, June SOtli, '65. Nelson Johnston, September 30th, 
'64; drafted; discharged by General Order, May 31st, '65. James A. 
Koony, March 22d, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, '65. 
Daniel King, March 22d, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, '65. 
William Keener, March 24th, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, 
'65. Samuel Kelly, April 4th, '64; discharged by General Order, June 
16th, '65. John F. Knin, October 14th, '63 ; substitute ; deserted AprQ 2Sth, 
'64 ; Milton Kirkwood, Febniary 2d, '64 ; discharged by General Order, July 
19tb, '65. Daniel Knittlc, not on muster-out roll. James Knittle, not on 
muster-out roll. Levi E. Kistler, not on nmster-out roil. John Lunger, 
February Uth, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, '65. J. L. 
Lyman, August 27th, '63; drafted; deserted July 1st, '64. W. A. Lewis, 
not on muster-out roll. William Long, not on muster-out roll. Bernard 
Leform, not on muster-out roll. CjTenius Murray, mustered out with com- 
pany, June 30th, '65. Joseph Mauck, January 31st, '64; mustered out with 
company, June 30th, '65; John Murphy, October 28th, '64; substitute; 
deserted June 17th, '65. A. Middlesivorth, October 22d, '64; substitute; 
mustered out with company. Francis Myere, October 22d, '64; substitute; 
discharged by General Order, Jidy 8tli, '65. William Morrison, March 31st, 
'64, absent, sick at muster out. Gabriel Miller, February 26th, '64; miss- 
ing in action June 22d, '64. Jacob Martial, March 23, '63; substitute; 
mustered out with company, June 30tb, '65. Leonard Messimer, March Sth, 
'64-; mustered out with company. Lyman Miller, February 26tli, '64; mus- 
tered out with company. John Mauck, discharged ou Surgeon's certificate, 
February 21st, '65. Andrew Mallory, October 4th, '64; drafted; discharged 
ou General Order, June 16th, '65. Laurin Matson, September 28th, '64; 
drafted; discharged on Genei'al Ordei-, May 31st, '65. E. D. Martin, Feb- 
ruary 29th, '64; discharged by General Order, June 20th, '65. Michael 
Many, captured; died at Florence, S. C„ November 30th, 'G4; vet. And. 
Marshall, April 5th, '64; deserted Novendier 30th, '64. John Moyer, not 
on muster-out roll. John Mavcr, nut uu mustcr-nut roll. James L. Miller, 
not on muster-out roll. Jlar'tin Miller, not on muster-out roll. William 
Moffit, not on muster-out roll. James M'Naniee, not ou muster-out roll. 
Ashbel Norton, October 20th, '64; substitute; discharged by General Order, 
June 5tlj, '65. Adam Nearhood, March Sth, '64; mustered out with com- 
pany, June 30th, '65. David Noble, October 24th, '64; substitute; dis- 
charged bv Geueral Order, June 7tb, '65. John Ohler. June 23(1, '64; 
drafted; di-serted July 21st, '64; returned October 25th, '64; mustered nut 
with company. AVilliam Purdy, February 22d, '64; mk*ing in action. May 
12th, '64. S. L. Potter, August 28th, '63; drafted; absent, sick, at muster 
out. WUIinm Parker, October 7tb, '64; drafted; discharged by Geueral 
Order, June 16th, '65. W. H. Plowman, September 28th, '64; drafted; 
died, Februaiy 2d, '65, at City Point, Va. Robert Patterson, not on muster- 
out roll. Michael Powers, not on muster-out roll. John Quinn, December 
29th, '63; mustei'ed out with company, June 30th, '65. Joseph Reed, Octo- 
ber 29th, '61; niustei-ed out with company, June 30th, '65. George T. 
Rodermel, Octobei- 29th, '61; mustered out with company, June SOtli, '65. 
Lemuel Rauck, January 30th, '64; mustered out with company, June 30th, 
'64. John H. Rich, October 21st, '64; substitute; mustered out with coiu- 
pany. John Rich, October 28th, '64; substitute; mustered out with com- 
pany. Lindsley Roop, March ■26th, '64; absent, sick, at muster out. Henry 
Roo"p, March 26th, '64; mustered out with company. WiHiam R-.op, April 
7th, '64; absent, sick, at muster nut. Alexander Rohiri<..ii, Frhnmi-v liHth. 
'64; ab-^ent, sick, at muster out. Henry Rnbinold, February -rn],. V,4; 
wounded, witli lo^^ of arm; discharged November 3(lt)i. ■|i4. A. M. Iti.-li- 
ardson, Octobei- 4tli, '64; tb-afted; discharged by Geueral Order, June yth, 
'65. John C. Reifsnyder, August 28tli, '63; drafted; discharged by General 


Order, Mny 31st, '65. Zacli. Kobinold, 
Seeor, April 4tli, '64; woumled at 8|)(it 
'64; absent at muster out. Pliil.> Sinjin 
with LMinniuiiv. .Toliii Pcutcliall. Jiilv "n 


i-red . 



'(i4; substitute, mustered out witb m 
'64; di.'reliarged by General Order, 31 
rimrv Stb, '65; mustered out witli 
20th, '63; drafted; mustered out «i 
ber 19th, '63; substitute: musteru. 

,tir,l; ,i.~rrii'.l .Tiilv24tb, 
:inl Siinrl, (l.-lui,er 28tli, 
luSTtlr Slrfly, A])ril 4th, 

A. W. StJuidish, Feb- 
.lu-upli Sliirey. August 

Chiis. J. Smith, Oeto- 
timiljany. Jacob StuU, 

August 19th, '63; substitute; absent, wounded at muster out. Joseph 
Sliirk, March 12th, '64; absent, sick, at muster out. Peter Swislier, March 
19th, '64; inu><terca out with L'oiiiniinv. AVm. Puttl.-. March 22d, '64; ab" 

t witli eoiupauy, August 29tli, '65. Absalom Benver, Marcli 29tli, '65 ; 


■with • , \ _■ -■■' !■ 

Augu.-i Jiitli, ■(;,"!. \V..l. 11; 

'65. F. J. HiuiL'hlnn. mini 
AV. Hopiii'i-, inustm.ium vsi 



n.ll. Geo. \'aiHiliug, mus- 
W. H. Yannetta, not on 
mt roll. Geo. E. WiUiams, 
jiiimnv. 81U11U0I "Wingard, 
i,,(,,,' M.iv:;L-i, Ul "Wm. 

. :... -U'<-mt roU. 


Ynltuo, Miiri-h 2yt!i, 


Captains— ElioE P. Kohrbach, March 3d, '65; promoted to Major, May 
2d, '65 ; mustered out with regiment, August 29th, '65. Joliii H. Items, 
Jrarch 4th, '65 ; promoted from Adjutant, July 9th, '65 ; mustei-ed out with 

1:^1 Lk-uleiianl— S. S. Hendricks, Februarv 'iOth, '65 ; discharged by Special 

Dfl. I. M,.-. I-'i!l. V.;,, -M LJi-ui.'niLLiir.— r, I), rvi.lwlnirli. J[an'li29th, '65; 
ill- . - ,,,l iiid^T, ,M:iy Jl-t, '!<': li. 1''. I'.i-i^jhl, j.rninoted to 2d 

1^111 1,. 'li-". S,.,:.., uii[ — II. ii. Luiiu'siinrf, rjiu-lrir,l mil with company, August 
liltili, li.^ W. 11. i;>iw, Marrh ;ilh,'li">; nni^iiTnl uiit with company, August 
^iiili. ■|i:>. I'. S. i;u^.-'kT, iiiii.-ti.'R'il iinl \\iili ruTii|tiiiiy, August 29th, '65. 
J. U. y.Riiig, pruiiiot.;d tu Sc-rgeaiit, July l^il, '(j.j; mustered out with com- 

Corporals— A. H. Boyer, mustered out with company, August 29th, '65. 
Jacob Fetter, mustei-ed out with company, August 29th, '05. Perry Jarrett, 
" " """ ' t with company, August 29th, '65. Uriah 

, August 29th, '6.5. Alexander Cassatt, 
'60. W. B. Lougsdorf, mus- 
J. R. Bright, March 7th, '65 ; 
ed out with company. Phiiip 
j ; mustered out with company. 

March 9th, '65 ; mustered 

Foulk, mustered t, -,--... 

mustered out with company, August 
tered <ml with company, Augii:?! 'iHih 
promoted to Coqioral, -Tiily '!•]. '(••>: 1 

Musicians— Henry Ctt-ati. Man 
P. F. Zimmerman, imisti.ivil nut wi 
. Privates— Pliilip Airison, March 
Phnres Adams, March 9tli, '05 ; m 
man, March 8th, '65 ; mustered 
niustored out with company. Ghi 
pany. H. W. Bucher, absent 


H. i;i 


pany. H. W. uucner, anseiu ou iuiiuugji 
mustered out with company, August 29tli, 'Oi 

John T. Blower, mustered 


I,. Km 
r. .M- 

Aug 2yth, 'li.x John M. Miin., -M-.ui-li J4u,. 1.".; luii.uiv.l 
pany, August 2yth, '65. Noah Stettlcr, Marcli 13tli, 'lio; 
General Order, July 9th, '65. John Stettler. Jlavch 13th, 
June 25th, '65. Peter Stepp, deserted, July 9th, '60. Juhn ! 
8th; deserted July 1st, '65. Henry Upslinger, March 9th, 
out with company, August 29th, '65. John Wilvt-r, March 
tered out with company, August 29th, '65. John Ximinonii 
65 ; mustered out with compauy, August 29th, '65. Henry 1 
out with company, August 29th, '65. 

iigcd by 

Company E. 

fiinipany, August 29th, '65. 
t \vith com))any, August 29th, 
wil, Jiine21at. '65. 

M , , i iii\-, August 2yth, '65. AV. Irviu, nms- 

,,,:,, , :, \ .... j'lili'. '65. 

1 ,„|.,„,il- .1..-. Mhl.lli i-ii. |ii-.i!noted to Corporal, June 15th, '65; 
i,iii>tciva out Willi ■■ompaiiv. Jiicnh Haus, musteml out with company, 
August 29th, '65. Hii-ani Dye, mustered out with compauy. August 29lh, 


r Tl on in B ook te cd n e 11 o pn A gu t » 111 65 

O e ^ 1 » 1. 1 o t tl np i t 'HI ( 5 L B W l!cl 

t I I I \ 1 1 I M lUcton nu^toel 

I I 1 ^ Itl IP I 1 c 1 b Gene nl 

1 M III 

Mu -I I M I 11 I I , V tu t 9tl I, 

S B M 


J le I ne lOll 

iutu t '9111 65 r M ^ a le g ft tc ed out itl on panv A gust 

29tli 65 Pete ^ e L a t ed o t tl con pan Augu t Jtl 6o 
To epl ^\(M nust ed out 1\ tl c n panj Vugust 9th fao Will am 
'\^einar niustc ed out i\ tl on pany Vug st 29th 63 John "iount 
n uste c 1 out th Co 1 a j V gu I 29tl 60 



I u tl com 
V g St "JJtl 65 


tl 1 Vui, t Itl 6 I 

jam V t 9tl 6 fl H H tl 

Mil b I R Hou el d I 1 

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IT e- de-e te 1 Marcl 
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V g t Jtl 65 B nja II lie n tc 1 1 tl nj n A g st 
<ltl 6j L V ■\Iutl u te e 1 t tl 1 A b,t 9tl 65 

II Ala 1 1 1 a « 1 I Cc c 1 1 J nc JOU b C V\ cr 
I eck I 1 a ged b\ Ge e 1 O dc Augu t 1st 65 John Pcele J 

n Ubter I out \ ll onpan>. A gl t ''911, 6 Henrj C Paul, n ustcicd 
out with company, August 29th, '65. William Penny, mustered out with 
conipaiLy, August 29th, '60. Israel Philipps, mustered out with company, 
August 2!lth, '65. Jacob H. Rishel, nuwtcreil out with company, August 
29tb, '65. Samuel W. Riddel, mustered out with company, August 29th, 
'65. Heymon Reynolds, mustered out with company, August 29th, '65. 
E. H. Reese, died, June 20th, '65. William Stulzman', mustered ont with 
company, August 29th, '65. George P. Swarts, mustered out with company, 
August 29th, '65, David L. Starrick, mustered out with company, August 

29lh, '65. Charles H. Smith, muslcnd .m willi .-.,1 uiy, August 29th, 

'65. T. J. Sticker, mustered out willi |«iiiv, .\u-it>i ^'.lili, li.x G. P. 

Straub, mustered out with company, .\iiu'o~i Jiiili, v,.', W, IJ. Stadden, 
mustered out with company, August "JlMli, *il."i. .1. 1). .Swurts, discharged 
by General Order, June 30tb, '65. Benjiimiii Snyder, discliarged hy Gen- 
eral Older, August 14th, '65. Albert Trcgg, mnslered out with company, 

I 11 M I 11 1 111 

tl e C I 1 I M , I 1 I I I I I I k 

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Tl ei left ill M I 1 an I nuncdiatel after tl e h: 

1 nttle ol B 11 I II ! 

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lays h I ( I I I II I 11 111 II 

love 1 111 11 I M I 

Hen I B III m 11 III II II 

1 u 1 h t 1 11 1 tl I 1 I tl I ttl li 1 1 H n nu t 

NotI nlcl nd b -alb htt g n nption 

In a fa ndy of n ne 1 as tl e liiBt deatl n tl irty year- Hi. fati er 
till es n his egl t> first jeai an 1 tl ree b othe 13 an I an onlj sutc )et 

t a le and npolt amtuNteVea Ooe ^ 1 as 

n aking a 1 ge pme gra bo Jo a Ir si a It s b ^ tl t Cl a lev 

ren ked Tl e dev 1 v 11 tl uk 1 e 1 ns brought his si autv Ih 1 m 
He us kdled n tl e thick&t of 11 fight at Chnncellor«ville 

The next captain was James D. Slater, a scarred veteran of the Mexieau 
war, a blunt, brave man, who never feared to fight for his country, or his 
opinions. On election days, he was a tower of strength to lii.s purfv, and his 
bold logical utterances made liini a foriuidablr,,|,p,,nciit. His |.,iiti,id ad- 
veisarics gave liiin a wide berth, liir he ha<l a mugii way of lalliiiL' wrung 
things by their right names. He escaped the jierils of two Momly wai-s to 
die pestcefully at home. Ou three Decoration Days the flowers have been 
heaped upon his grave. 

No company in the service has been commanded by thice better, braver, 
ti-uer nieu, and it tvas worthy of tliein. 

Captain Taggarfs son nntl daughter still live in Northnmberland. Wells 
died childless, and Slater never married. 


PiiL't> Imve sung of tlic courage and heroism of the women of Spnrta, 
wh.isc- scll-sjicriiice, iu defence of tlieir beloved city, lias become kiiowu to tlie 
civili/uil world. The respect and esteem, in which women nre held in all 

Cliri>H'ii<lnTii. hn.s hccn ^Ttatly incrc;ised by the admiration of mankind, for 
til./ liiiivLiy^.d bythewunu.n ..f ol,!, whu^c enthusiasm inspired the 
tiitliiiv. liu^lniriits, xiii^ iiiul hr.itboi-^, with niun:- tlniii nuirtnl courage, lind 
c-x|»/llu.l ibv iiivadi-i-s from tlieir auc-ic-nt citadels. Tlic day has passed, when 
it wiLi necessarv for tlie weaker pan '<i' iiKinkind, in <.m ntf tlieir Howing 
locks, to weave "slnn{i:=* (or tlie Lows of the arelnr.-, inid u- il)r"W their frail 
bodies into the hrcjich, to inspire witli greater .■nuin;.'.', tlieii- iialni-.i] def'en- 
dei-s; but the opportunity for the exbibitiim uf a tirvnr, uiipiualleleil in the 
annals of the world's history, was presented during the trying scenes that 
filled our land i\-ith sorrowing lament, in the jirogi-ess of the last war. Pi-ior 
to 1861. the women of Aniericii were chai-actcriKcd the world over, as eflemi- 
uate, anil tor the performance of any of the sterner duties of life, incompe- 

■ delie 



1 tlie 

drawiiiL- mail .ml ..I self, building up the finer part of his nature, and giving 
lu-iiv Iu a . liaia.iii- that would be othenvise filled with dros.s and all man- 
ner of uneleaidinerv-, the women of America take rank iiir above their sisters 
of the Old Worhl, who have never fully removed ll,.' v<.il ili:ii ilie dark ages 
l&ft over them, dwarfing the growth of the be>t part ..lii.-ii natures. Hwe, 
women stjuul on a pedestal far above the a.q>inL!inii- ntnr.iii. >., .■upying the 
middle gmurid. between Heaven and earth, .no-tiintiu.: a liaii|.y medium 
lietw.ea Diviiiiiy and finiteness. They had graibially a.-.-niued tl'ie role ap- 
parently Ik-i -Liited to them, and none dreameil ihvni i-i-M—i'd of the ele- 
niem- nf true ]i,.-r..isrji, which the opportunities neea.-^iimid l>y the hist war 
SM .-irikiu-ly ,lrv,lni,L'il. Man buckled on his armor, and went forth to com- 
bat \\iiii I ill' eiiiiiilo of his countrj', nerved to the work, by the remembrance 
that ihe liMiiii' .-iK-lt..i-iiig his trembling, delicate wife or sister, was threatened 
witli i!ese.a-atii.ii, unthinking that he had left behind him, a spirit that when 
aroused, would exhibit more true moral courage, than the strongest soldiera 
in the ranks, but such was proven. The moment a wail of distress came up 
from the wounded friend, women sprang to the rescue, and performed feats 
of einini^:e, sol f-sarri lice and eitdnranee. in comparison with which the accom- 
pli-biiiint-^ nf ilie Willi. rn ufS|inrta. sinks into insignificance. The citizens of 
eve:-\- Inraliiv ill till' Xmili, luivi- iii>-t iraMtii to ieei proud of the acliieve- 
meal- ril' ilirir wniiiiii. l^v.ivu bi/ie wa.^ tlie one response to the cry for help, 
the lii;u-lim>.. nf wliiili liunyed llic drooping spirits of the sick and wounded. 

, thoi 


! de- 

,■ Coi 

irthy Secretary of tl 

liliar with the work ])erlbrnied by the 

3me conception of the labor and good 

women ol" the County, and can fori 

The people of Sunbury began their good work ibr the soldiers, April ISth 
18C1. A company of volunteers from Sunburj', went to Harrisburg on 
Satuniav iiinniiiiL'. April lUth. and bv 3Iouday nioniing, every nmu was 
funii-bid uiih a new tiannel shirt and u ncedle-buuk. Tliese were made by 
tlie VMinieii .if Sunlnirv, from material purchase.l by the citizens of thetoivn. 
On Monday, Ajiril ^Ist, the companies from the up]ier counties, and from 
Western New York, began to pass through the town by railway. They were 
veiy hungry, and were fed by the people. This led to the habit ...f keejiing 
ham, bread and eofiee, in readiness, to use immediately. During the war, at 
least forty thousand soldiers were furnished with meals. At one time, the 
" Bucktail" Regiment of one thousand men, commanded by Colonel Kane, was 
furnished witli two meals, and lodged for twenty-four hours. Sometimes, when 
the soldieis left, the town, there was not a loaf of bread in it ; as the people, 
with but lew excei>tions, were unfailmg in their liberality'. Boxes were sent 
fi-om time to time to the army, and stockings were knit by a. society formed 
for that purpose. They met every Tuesday evening, at the houses of the 
members. During May, 1863, several circular from the United States Sani- 
taiy Ciinimission were received. A meeting was called at the house of Mrs. 
William AVilsou, May 30th, 18(53, and the "Sanitary Aid Society of Siuibury, 
Pennsylvania," wils organized. Mi-s. Charles Pleasants, was elected Presi- 
dent, and served until the society closed. Vice-Presidents: Mrs. W. Wilson, 
Mrs. Alexander Jordan, Mi-s. John E. Packer, Mrs. William J. Greenough, 
aire. James Boyd and Miss Maria E. Fisher. Treasurer: Mre. Benhih A. 
Clement. Secretary: Mrs. E. Donnel. Committees were appointed, and 
every one set to work in good earnest. Mr. Charles Pleasants gave the use 
of a room in his building, and the hours of meeting were fixed forTliui-sday 
afternoon in summer, and Thursday evening in printer. 

The b6x was sent to the cominissitm. 130!) Chestnut street, Juno 14th, 1863. 
Duringthcmonths of August and September, a battalion of the provost guard, 
was stationed here. The snei.'iy t,.,>k .■bar-e .if t]i<> -i.'k snhliei^, and the 

rooms of the old Cuiik Hnu^e, »eie u.-..d as a liii>]iital. i )a New Year's day, 
1864, a supper was given by the soeietv. and in Augu,-t a tableaux. Dona- 
tions of money and material were lil>crally be,-^l.iwed. January 1st, 1S65, 
there were eighty-nine niembei-s on the roll of the sciciely. Alter a battle, 
there wi^i generally an extra meeting and extra siipjilies wore sent. The 
contributions to the Sanitary Fair were very liberal. Extras were published 
by the Gazette during the battle of the Wilderness and sold for the benefit 
of the society. June 2.5th, 1865, the society provided supper for the 1.50th 
and 151st, Regiment of Ne\v Y"ork Vols., numbering twenty-five hundred 
men, who were returning from the army. This closed the active duties of 
the "Sanitary Aid Society." November 1865, "Society clased," 

E. Donnel, Sea-efanj. 

Volumes have been written of the achievements of our soldiei^ during 
the four yenre' struggles ; thousands have been expended in erecting nioiiu- 
ments, commemorating some notable feat or bloody field ; but here, four yeai's' 
labor, filled with a self-sacrifice and devotion, to «-bich the world's history 
furnishes no parallel, and it was but an uifantissinial portion of tlie work done 
by the Sanitary Commission, are ended with this brief motive, "Society 
closed." The ever memorable words, "It is finished." uttered by the Savior 
of mankind, suspended upon the ignominious cross, proclaimed to the world, 
tiiirt-the \Miik he iMiiie in perform was completed. But who of finiteness can 
form auv r-iimaie- nf the work this true sentence announced as ended. For 
yeai-s there bad lieen a struggle between Divinity as represented in him and 
humanity; Divinity at all times maintaining the ascendency. Four years, 
tlie women of Northumberland Connly had toiled almost ceaselessly, inth 
aching bmin and anxious hearts for the alleviation of their suffering heroes. 
How many anxious sighs and tearful prayei-s, were interwoven in the meshes 
of the delicate fabrics, so skillfully prepared— not time, but eternity, will dis- 
cover. What sacrifices were made in behalf of the loved ones lar away, tlie 
recipients will never know. All we know is, that silently and lovingly was 
the work done, and when no longer occasion acquired the oflerings, as silently 
the " Society closed." Side by side with the names of the country's brave de- 
fenders, should be inscribed in lettei-s imperishable, those of the noble women, 
whose noble sacrifices made possible the success of our soldiers. 

At the fii-st meeting of the regular Sanitflry Commission, held iu Sunbury, 
June 4tl 18C3 tl e e e p e^ent 

Mi^ A Jo d n M C PI nts Mrs W 11 an A^ Usou M -s J B 
Pa ke Mr' H n B II n t n M Geo ge ■\^ aike M -s M L De a t 
M ^\ 11 P k f 11 M T I R k f 11 M n n D Grant 
-Vi: V 1 N B M ( 1 ^I T I B MiN (. ge 

H 11 M C A\ n AI -\I VII MM 1 C C ■\I -. 

L z e L u M M 1 u "\I M I i ^^ M 11 e P > 

MissS ral En le Ml. Lou H nd k M M 1 M M En n 

Pa nte Ml Maggie Donnell M >^. V 1 1 I I "^1 L ^\ e 

Miss Ra 1 el M Cait Mu F M 1 D W M I f b u Alr- 

Horat o -ft ol e ton Mi^ ^^ 11 n R I M L \\ L b u 

M CI a le= Plea, nt^ P e= dent M v. B ul i V C len ent 1 ea ure 
M El ^ I I Donnel Se ta F t o ea n 1 n tl tl n et 

t g tl k fte eek f the n bl r p es of tl e v. o Tl ir 

members were added to at different times, until at its close there were ninety- 
two names on the roils. The value of the supplies fonvarded to the eamps 
and hospital, during that time, was upwards of fifteen hundred dollare, em- 
bracing eveiy article tliat could alleviate sufi'ering and increase the comfort 
of the sick and wounded. 

The society has closed, but the remembrance of the good accomplished 
will remain iiresh in the hearts of all, so long as time shall last. 


\ y 





V lifts said, that the " History of the World is little else 
than a Historj- of Emiuent Men." This sagacious remark is cmiiiently true 
of Cliurch History. It is little else than a record of the ieclings and acts 
under Divine inspiration, of men wliose education and circumstances have 
fitted and marked tliem for the greftt work of reforming a lost people. 

Ulricli Zwingle, the great reformer of Switzerland, the father and founder 
of the German Reform Church, commenced his work tivelve montlis hefore 
the great Luther from tlie centre of Europe, hurled forth his powerful darts 
that spread sucli consternation among the ranks of the emissaries of the 
Pope. Zwingle was born January 1st, 1487, took charge of a church at 
the age of eighteen, and at twenty-nine began to preach boldly in opposi- 
tion to the tenants of the Catholic Church. At the early age of forty-four, 
this bright light was extinguished, but the rays that emanated from his fer- 
tile and powerful mind, have penetrated to the furthermost confines of the 
earth, carrj'ing joy to the hearts of millions that now worship in accordance 
with the creed that he promulgated. To the efforts of tlie pastor of this 
church in Milton, we are indebted for a Ml History of the German Church 
in our country and Northumberland County. 

The great reformation of the sixteenth century, which commenced in 
Central Europe, but gradually spread over the whole of that continent, 
divided itself at an early day into two distinct branches, the Reformed and 
Lutheran. The Reformed movement was inaugurated by Ulrich Zwingle, 
in Switzerland, in 1516, one year before Luther commenced his reformation 
in Wittenburg. The chief theological difference between Zwingle and 
Luther had reference to the Lord's Supper. Luther held to the real pres- 
ence of Christ in the Eucharist, in such a sense that the communicant 
actually receives the body and blood of Christ, " in, with and under," the form 
of the bread and wine ; whilst Zwingle taught the Holy Communion to he 
simply a commemorative ordinance. The system of Zwingle was afterwards 
somewhat modified, and more fully developed by John Calvin, who, in con- 
trast with Zwingle's notion of mere commemoration in the Holy Supper, 
maintained the real spiritual presence of Christ in that sacrament in such a 
sense that the worthy communicant only is made a partaker of Christ by 
faith under the operation of the Holy Ghost. 

Our branch of the Holy Catholic Church is a part of tliis general Re- 
formed movement in Europe in the sixteenth century. We, however, prop- 
erlj' date our establishment as a specific German Reformed Church from the 
year 1562, in which the Elector Frederick, the Third, suruamed the Pious, 
of the Palatinate in Gei'many, employed two Calvanistic divines, Zacharius 
Urainus and Casper Olevinnus, to draw up the Heidelberg Catechism, 
which ever since that time has been the only acknowledged confession of 
faith in our church. The object of the Elector Frederick in having this 
Catechism drawn up at that time was, if possible, to have it serve the pur- 
pose of harmonizing the Retbrnied and Lutheran parties in his dominions. 
Hence the catechism was made to combine the moderate spirit of Melanc- 
thon, a Lutheran, with the general doctrinal system of Calvin, It is this 
peculiarity of our confession of faith that gives us our distinctive character 
as ft denomination, especiftUy in the United States, ivhere our ministers gen- 
erally hftve more strongly emphasized the Melancthonian than tlie Calvan- 
istic elements in the catechism. I cannot now speak of our confessional 
symbol further than to say, that immediately upon its appearance in print it 
was iutroduced into all the Reformed Churches of the Palatinate, as well as 
niftuy other parts of Europe. 

You will now please call to mind what was snid in my Centennial discourse 
two weeks ago, in reference to the sufieriugs, privations and pet^ecutions en- 
dured by our Gonniiu IlL-fuiniud aiieestoi-a in tliis part of Germany, the Pal- 
atinate on the Rluiio, !is willy !is ll.!89. Roman Catholic Ihnaticism tlien 
di'ove our forctathcrs uut iif ilifir linuses in mid-winter, theii- dwellings were 
hunied, their crops dt.stroyeil, and men, women and children left without 
slielter and food. In 1719, they were forbidden to use the Heidelberg Cate- 
chism, their confessional standard, and prevented from worahipping in the 

Church of the Holy Ghost, in Heidelberg. Thus persecuted and oppressed 
at home, these German Reformed people turned their eyes towards this new 
world, and came hither in search of a home, ivhere they might have freedom 
to worship God according to tlieir own faith, customs and usages. 

As early as the middle of the seventeenth century, a company of Germans 
had already found a home and religious toleration in America, Before 
William Penn arrived, in 1682, Gennantown, now a suburb of Philftdelphia, 
was founded by the Germans. In 1711, nearly seven thousand Germans 
arrived in America, from the Palatinate. At first they settled in Schoharie 
County, New York, hut the following year, 1712, they constructed for them- 
selves rafts, upon which they floated down the Susquehanna, and took up 
theii- abode in ivhat is now Berks County, this State. From them, it is sup- 
posed, the greater part of the German Reformed population in Berks and 
Lebanon counties, are descended. 

During the following ten yeai-s, large numbers of Reformed people settled 
in Pennsylvania, and in 1731, their number here was no less than 15,000. It 
must be remembered, however, that at that time they were not as yet an 
organized church. 

These people were generally supplied with bibles, catechisms, prayer-books, 
which they brought with them from the fatherland, and often were accom- 
panied by pious school-masters, who, after their arrival here, gathered the 
people together on the Lord's day, and read to them an appropriate sermon. 
But there is no account of any regularly ordained Mioister being among 
them, and preaching to them, until 1727, In this year, the Classis of the 
Palatinate sent over to America the Rev. George Weiss, with about 400 
people of the Palatinate. Mr, Weiss settled in Montgomery County, Pa., 
and there organized a congregation and consistory. He also, a few years 
later, established another church in Philadelpliia. 

Before Mr. Weiss arrived in America, however. Rev. John Boehm, a 
native of the Palatinate, had preached in the vicinity of the present Boehm's 
church, in Montgomery County. It appears he was not at first licensed to 
preach the Gospel, but the necessities of the times were such, that his action, 
though irregular, was approved of by the proper authorities. He afterwards 
labored very successfully in different congregations in the -^-icinity of Phila- 

In 1746, Kev. Michael Schlatter was sent to America by the Synod of 
Holland, for the purpose of organizing the Reformed people here into con- 
gregations, place pastoi-3 over them, and in a geueral way superintend the 
affairs of the German Reformed church in this country. 

In September, 1749, tlie first Synod of our chuich, or Coetus, as it was 
then called, assembled in Philadelphia, There were present at that meeting 
s and twenty-six elders, representing forty-six congregations, and 
Qiembership of about eight thousand souls. 

Through the instrumentality of Mr. Sclilatter, a number of Reformed 
clei'gymen were sul)sequently induced to come over from Europe to take 
charge of the congregations in Pennsylvania, and the ranks of our ministry 
continued to be supplied from that source for many yeai-s. 

In 1751, ne had twelve ministers, forty-six congregations, and a communi- 
cant membership of ten thousand. In 1776, one hundred years ago, twenty- 
three ministers, sixty-five congregations, and thirteen thousand members. 
In 1801, thirty ministers, one hundred congregations, and a membership of 
twenty tliousand. In 1826, one hundred ministers, four hundred congrega- 
tions, and tliirty-five thousand members. In 1851, two hundred and five 
ministers, seven hundred and ten congregations, and a membership of sixty- 
six thousand ; and at the present time, 1876, six hundred and fifty i 
one thoiisjiud three hundred and fifty congregations, and a < 
membership of one hundred and forty-five thousand. In 1776, twenty-three 
ministei-s; in 1876, six hundred and fifty! In 1776, sixty-five congregations; 
to-day, one thousand three hundred and fifty! During the past Uventy-five 
years, our ministry has increased from two hundred and eightj'-five to sLx 
hundred and fifty, and our membership from sixty-six thousand to one hun- 
dred and forty-five thousand, notwithstauding the unhappy controversy that 
has been waged in our midst during this time. 

Our first theological school was organized in 1825, at Carlisle, in this 
State. It waa removed to York, in 1829; to Mercersburg, in 1835; and to 
Lancaster, in 1871. The Theological Seminary, at Tifiin, Ohio, was estab- 
lished in 1850. A few years later, anotlier divinity school was founded at 
Sheboygan, Wisconsm. Ursinns College and Theological School, at Col- 
legeville, near Philadelphia, were established in 1869. 


Our first church paper was a German one, eatfiblished iu 1827. The first 
English paper was published in 1828; and the first church periodical pub- 
lished in tlie west. 

To-day, we have ten academic and collegiate institutions ; five theological 
schools; five missiouary societies; three educational societies, to aid indigent 
young men in preparing for the ministry ; two orphans' homes ; sixteen church 
periodicals, in the English aud German languages; one thousand five hun- 
dred consbtories ; forty-four classes; six District Synods; aud one General 

Until 1825, our ministers conducted all religious services in the German 
language. And much opposition was waged against the introduction of the 
English language into our church services; and it was attended, moreover, 
with great disturbances. To this fact must, doubtless, be attributed our slow 
growth, in this countrj", for a loug time, as compared with other churches 
around ns. We were on the ground earlier than many of thedenominatious 
now existing Iiere, but we clung too tenaciously to the German language, 
and so failed to reach the English-speaking people, and, unfortunately, we 
awoke to the fact a little too late. 

Our forefathers brought with them from Europe, and used i 
with their baptismal, confirmation and communion services, and on all special 
occasions, tlie Liturgy of the Palatinate. A new Liturgj- was prepared by 
Rev. Dr. Jlayer, and adopted iu 1840. In 1847, anotlier book of worship, 
known as the "Provisional Liturgy," was prepared aud recommended to the 
churches for trial. That book was again referred to a committee for revis- 
ion, which reported in 1866, what is now known as the " Order of "Worship," 
or Eastern Liturgy. In 1868, the western portion of the churcli prepared 
another Order of Worsliip, known as the Western Liturgy, for the use of 
those who were opposed to the doctrinal system, and responsive service of the 
Eastern Order of Worship. 

From this haa^- sketch, it will appear that our growth as a church, espec- 
ially during the last tiventy-five yeare, has been remarkably rapid, and the out- 
look for our future is full of hope aud promise. The Heidelberg Catechbm, 
whicli the Roman Catholic Church sought so strenuously to crush out of 
existence iu the Palatinate, in 1689, was brought by our fathers to these 
western mlds, and here, as at home by the Rhine, they taught it to their 
children, and have bequeathed it to us, their descendants, as a precious 

I now turn to the liistory of this congregation, and ask you ivith me to 
"remember the days of old," of the Reformed church in Milton. 

The few Reformed families living in aud around Milton, were, as nearly as 
can now be ascertained, occasionally supplied mth preaching by Reformed 
clergymen who came this way, aa early as 1805, in a log school-house on 
lower Market street, built in 1796. That school-house was occupied about . 
the same time by the Lutheran, Methodist, and Presbyterian people of this 
place. About the year 1807, the Germans residing here, being desirous of 
having iheir children taught in their own language, bought of Mr. David 
Bridge, a suuill log building, which he had previously erected for himself as 
a private dwelling-bouse, situated on Mahoning street, on a small space of 
ground now lyiug bet^veen tlie residences of Mr, Bower and Mr. Critzer, In 
that small building, then used by the Germans aa a school-house during the 
ivinter .season, the Reformed people continued to be more or less ft-equently 
supplied with preaching until 1812, in which year the Rev. Justus Heury 
Fries, becoming pastor of the Paradise congregation, commenced supplying 
them with divine services as often as Ids other labors permitted. Father 
Fries preached in that log house on Mahoning street until 1817. In this year, 
the Reformed people united with the Lutheran aud Presbyterian congregations 
of Milton, in erecting a church edifice on the hill, at the east end of Maho- 
ning street, known as the "Harmony Church." It was through the instni- 
mentulity of Mr. Daniel Bright, a store-keeper, and a member of the Re- 
formed party, that the services of Conrad Henry, a nuister builder, residing in 
Reading, and quite celebrated in his day as a workman, were secured in 
erecting the proposed church building, I have been told that great extrava- 
gance characterized the building of that church — that as much material was 
consumed in its construction as would have been required to erect almost 
two such houses. It must be remembered, however, that buildings of all 
kinds were more substantially constructed fifty years ago than at the present 

On Sunday, October 5th, 1817, tlie eomer-Btone of the new church ivas 
laid, in which -various documentfl, bb is usual, were deposited, and the build- 

ing afterwards progressed more or less rapidly, until its completiou in 1819. 
On the 25th of April, 1819, an election was held by the Reformed people 
for tivo church officers, which resulted in the choice of Cliristian Markle, as 
elder, and Joseph Rhoads as deacon. Tliese two per^ions weie ]uoperly or- 
dained and installed into office by the Rev, Father Fries. Previous to this 
time, it appears, there did not exist auy regularly established consistory, aud 
hence April 25th, 1819, must he regarded aa the time of the orgauization 
proper of this congregation. 

On Sunday and Monday, the 23d and 24th of May, 1819, the new church 
edifice being completed was solemnly dedicated to the service of the Triune 
God, in the midst of appropriate German and English services. The Reformed 
pastor. Father Fries, was assisted on that occasion by the Rev. Martin 
Bruner, of Suubury. 

Three yeai-s later, in 1822, the harmony previously existing between the 
congiegations worshipping in the hill church, became seriously disturbed, 
and it is said, the state of feeling soon became such, that Discord would have 
been a far more appropriate name for the church than Harmony. In this 
same year, 1822, a lotter)-, known as the Harmony Lottery, was established 
by the congregrations occupying that building, for the purpose of raising 
funds to liquidate a debt resting upon their church. The price of a ticket 
was three dollai-s. There was a drawing on the lOtb of June, another on 
the 18th of July, and ten succeeding ones. Durmg the inontli of June or 
July, of the same year, a stroke of lightning from an almost cloudless sky, 
only a small black cloud being visible in the heavens, passed down the steeple 
of the church, and entering the building behind the pulpit, passed out at the 
door. This was regarded by many persons as a clear token of God's sore 
displeasure at the method that was employed to secure funds for the church. 

Greitt dissensions existed from this time forward in the Hill church. In 
1827, the two German congregations, the Reformed and Lutheran, instituted 
a law-suit against the Presbyterian people, and obtained judgment against 
them in the sum of §1262.00, and the Sherilf of this County on the 27th of 
January 1831, sold out the interest of that congregation in the church build- 
ing for the sum of S800.00. The Gerniau congregations afterwards offered 
to re-convey to the Presbyterians the half of the church property for SIOOO.OO, 
or to rent the building to them for §40.00 per annum. Neither of these 
proposals, however, were accepted by them, aud iu 1832, they abandoned 
that church. The Reformed and Lutheran congregatious now continued 
to occupy the building conjointly until 1850, when the Lutherans sold out 
their inteiest to the Reformed, who were now left in sole possession of the 
Harmony church property. 

I have not allowed myself iu this aketch to omit or suppress any fact that 
has come to my knowledge in reference to the history of the Hill church. 
It b the duty of the historian to record truthfully alike both the evil and 
the good — the good that we may imitate and follow it — the evil that we 
may avail aud shun it. We all rejoice to-day at the friendly and harmo- 
nious feeling exbting between the different churches of our town. But I 
am certain no such feeling would exist among us if we all worshipped in 
one house, aud owned it in common. The Reformed church has learned the 
le^on, from frequent sad experiences in the past, and that lesson is con- 
finned by the history of the so-called " Harmony Church," that it is not 
a very easy matter, for two or more different congregations to own aud 
occupy the same house of woi-ship conjointly, and get along harmoniously 
very long. It is much better, in all cases, where it is possible for every 
denomination to have its oivn church building, and carry on its work in 
its own way, whilst yet, in a general way, all can labor harmoniously together 
for the advancement of the common cause of our common Lord. 

The Reformed people remained iu the Hill church uutil that building was 
removed in 1856. This cougregation then worshipped in the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church, on Walnut street, until the lecture room of this build- 
ing was ready for occupancy. 

I have already spoken of the pastorate of the Rev. Father Fries. He is 
to be regarded as the founder of this congregation, on the 25th of April, 
1819, at which time he may also be said properly to have become its 
pastor. His pastoral labors ceased here in 1823, in which year he closed 
hb labors in all the congregations he had served east of the Susquehanna 
River. Father Fries, b said to have been favored with a strong physical 
constitution, and have possessed a very retentive memory. He generally 
rode on horseback, was never known to miss an engagement, aud was invari- 
ably punctual almost to the minute. 


At the time wlieu he resigned the congregations on this side of the river, 
Father Fries liad under his instruction, two 3'oung men who were preparing 
themselves for the work of tlie mioistry, viz. : Daniel Weiser, who died re- 
cently, iind Sfimucl Guteliiis, the latter of whom Father Fries reconimeuded 
to this, and the other congregations he Iind served, as his suecpssor. Accord- 
ingly, Mr. Gutelius was elected and installed pastor in 1824. Daring liis 
pastorate, Rev. Martin Bruner frequently came up from Sunhury, and 
preached for him, and in that wfiy helped to further the interests of this 
congregation. Mr. Gutelius retired from the pastorate in 1817, 

His successor was the Rev. Henry AVagner, who was installed pastor in 
1827, and resigned in 1835, after having ser\'ed this charge for a period of 

The next pastor was the Rev. Daniel Gring, who was installed in 1835. 
In 1840, Rev. Ephraira Kieffer, of Mifflinburg, became Mr. Gring's col- 
league, to preach for him in the English language. This arrangement with 
Jlr. Kieffer ceased in 1844. In December of the same year. Rev. Henry 
Harbaugh, of Lewisburg, associated himself with Mr. Gring, to preach ex- 
clusively in the Eoglish language, and Mi'. Gring having resigned in 1846, 
Mr. Harbaugh, in 1847, accepted a call from this congregation to preach in 
both languages. He resigned in 1849. 

After Mr. Harbaugh's resignation, the congregation extended a call to 
the Rev. E. M. Long, which he accepted. He was iuatalled pastor in 1849, 
and resigned in 1852. 

His successor was the Rev. A. G. Dole, now- located at Huntingdon, Fa. 
Mr. Dole was iustalled and entered upon his labors in April, 1854, and re- 
signed the pastorate in October, 1865, after having faithfully served the cou- 
giegation twelve-and-a-half years. 

The Rev. Samuel H. Heid was the ucst minister iu charge. He was 
elected pastor on the 6th of January, 1866, and resigned and retired from 
the duties of the pastorate on tlie Ist of April, 1873, after having done the 
congregation good service for seven years. 

My own election as your pastor took place on the 13th of July, 1873. I 
preached here as a Licentiate in July, and again iu August. On the 1st of 
September, I permanently located in your midst, preaching afterwards regu- 
larly, and discharging all duties pertaining to the pastoral office, with the 
exception of the administration of the Holy Sacramento On the 27th of 
October, I was publicly ordained to the ministry, and formally installed as 
your pastor, by East Susquehanna Classis, at a special meetiug held in this 
church for that purpose. 

The foregoing is a correct Ust of all the ministers who have served this 
congregation since its organization. The whole number is ten, of which 
number, only four are at present living. The rest have fallen asleep. 

The corner-stone of the building in which ive worship to-day, was laid on 
the 17th of May, 1866. The Rev. John W. Steinmetz, tJien of Danville, 
preached the sermon on that occasion. On the 18th of November of the 
same year, this house was consecmted to the worship of God imder the name 
of St. John's Reformed Church of Milton. The dedicatory sermon was 
preached by the Rev. W. C. Cremer, then of Sunbury. 

From what has now been said, it will appear that this congregation has a 
history extending over a period of fifty-seven years. It would have been 
exceedingly interesting to me, and doubtless to you also, if I could have as- 
certained and inserted in this sketch the names of all the pei-sons who liave 
served tlm congregation as elders and deacons since the first church officers 
were elected in 1819, Unfortunately, however, either no record of the church 
was kept during the greater part of this time, or if kept has been lost; so 
that I have been obliged to spend several weeks in gathering the material 
for this sketch. I have gone from place to place iu search of facts and dates, 
and have sought out aged persons whom I supposed might possess such in- 
formation as I needed, and yet it was not until a iew days ago that I saw my 
way clear to prepare the latter part of this discouise. The thought that in 
the absence, to a great extent, of tlie original records, I have succeeded in 
preparing an accurate history of this congregation as I believe this to be, is 
indeed a sufficient reward for what time aud labor I may have expended in 
gathering the facts of which it consists. But I desire here to urge upon you 
the importance of promptly recording, and carefully preserving in permanent 
form, such facta connected with your histoiy as a church as you may think 
of interest to those who shall come after you. It is a very easy matter for 
you who are now in the congregation, and conversant with its history, to 
place on record, events as they transpire, aud have them handed down to 

your children and children's children. But if you fail to do this it will, as 
I now know .from experience, be a very difficult task for those who may con- 
stitute the congregation one hundred years hence, to acquaint themselves with 
its history during your life time. " Remember the days of old, consider the 
years of many generatious; ask thy Father and He will shew thee; thy 
Eldei-9 and they will tell thee." 

From a mere handfiil of men, women and children, residing here as early 
as 1805, this congregation has increased to its present membership of tivo 
hundred and twenty-five souls. From worshipping first in a log school-house 
on lower Market street, and later in a log building on Mahoning street, this 
congregation to-day occupiesahouse of worship, second to no other Reformed 
church in this County. From being supplied with preaching at first, probably 
only every six months, then every three montlis, and later every four weeks, 
and from being connected with other neighboring congregations in a pastoral 
charge, you now are a separate charge, and are provided with religious ser- 
vices generally twice every Lord's day, with frequent additional services 
during the week. 

Let the goodness of God displayed in His dealings with this church in the 
past, move you to a faithful discharge of all the dutiea devolving upon you, 
as those who now have its affiiiis in hand. liCt the fathers who have fallen 
asleep, and are now siUTounding you as a great cloud of mtnesses, looking 
down upon you from the heavenly world, auunate you with new energy and 
zeal in your eflbrfcs to carry forward the good work they inaugurated when 
they established this congregation. Be faithful to your church, and labor 
for its prosperity, so that when you shall r&st with your Father, the genera- 
tions who shall rise up and take your places, may lia\-e as nmch occasion for 
rejoicing in tracing the history of this church iu your time, as we have had 
abundant cause for encouragement and devout ihauksgi^'ing to-day, in calling 
to remembrance its days of old. 

The German Reformed and Lutheran societies embrace a large proportion 
of the church-going people of Northumberland County. The memherehip 
is made up largely of Germans, who predominate in the lower townships, 
and whose zeal and taste have supplied numberless places of worahip, neat, 
commodious, and attractive, in all parts of the County. Probably in no 
other part of the United States, of equal population, can there be found so 
great a number of beautiful country churches, as the enterprise of the mem- 
bers of these two societies have provided in the precincts of our County. 
The German Reformed, because the most numerous, has doubtless the most. 
The Lutherans rank next. Elsewhere mil be found a earefiJly prepared 
history of the first of these societies, and it seems fitting that some account 
of the origin and purposes of the Lutheran church be fiirnished in these 
pages. The cardinal principles of the church are supposed to be based upon 
the creed promulgated by the great reformer, Luther, about three hundred 
and seventy years ago, who commenced life at Eislebeu, November 10th, 
1483, four years before the hiith of Ulrich Zwingle, the father of the Germau 
Reformed church. The earnest zeal and simplicity that characterized 
Luther's every word aud act, seems to have become incorporated in the 
church that bears his name. Earnest opposition to the Church of Rome, 
was the strong propelling power that urged him irresistably onward, with a 
force that the whole power of the Pope could not stay. Kings and poten- 
tates were arrayed against him, only to be brushed aside by the logic of the 
simple monk. Well might the poet ask: "What was Luther's power? 
What was the rock on which he stood, that seemed of adamant?" Beauti- 
fiilly, as if by the pen of inspiration, has thb interrogatory been answered : 

'Twas simple faith that enabled Luther to wrest the sceptre from the 
hands of the power at Rome, bring uobility to Ids feet, and plunge the whole 
of Europe into a condition of excitement that, for a time, bade fair to dis- 
member the church. Lutlier was a preacher, and here are his ideas of a 
good preacher: "He should preach orderly. He should have a ready wit. 
He should be eloquent. He should have a good rein. He should have a 
good memory. He should know when to make and end. He should be sui-e 
of what he advances." He also gives his ideas of tlie requirements of a 
preacher who would please the world: "He must be learned. He must 



have a fine delivery. He must Lave neat and quuiut worde. He must be a 
proper person, whom the womeu ihncy. He must not take, but give money. 
He must preach such things as the people willingly hear." There is nothing 
in the creed of Lutheranism, as taught by Martin Luther, to distinguish one 
branch of the Christiau church of to-day, that may have adopted his name, 
&om all others of orthodox faitli ; hence a treatise on the peculiar tenets of 
the Lutheran church would be ns unprofitable as uninteresting to the gen- 
eral reader. The great reformer directed the labors of liis life towards a 
dissemination of the ti-uths of the Gospel, as they emanated from the hearts 
of the inspired writers, in all their simple and original purity, untrammeledi 
himself, by any partieidnr creed. Scores of different denominations have 
been organized, all based upou the same principles, all laboring for a com- 
mon purpose, none of wliich, however, can lay any particular claim to being 
the original Lutheran church. The one which has perpetuated the name 
of Luther, was first establislied in this country about 1621, at New York- 

The Rev. Jacob Fahricius, was the first preacher in America. Ailex- 1860, 
the German emigration to the Province of Pennsylvania became very great ; 
each year thousands were added, and the churches representing tlieir peculiar 
faith were soon established. The fii-st churches built in this County, were 
by the Lutheran Societ)', the membership of which increased very rapidly, 
and soon became stiong in numbers and wealth. Latterly, this church 
appears to have been loosing ground ; as the English language was more 
generally introduced, the great similarity of thig to the Methodist, and other 
denominations, was discovered, and the distinctive features of the Lutheran 
churcli were lost, or became merged into otlierg. There are, however, a 
goodly number of those who still cling to the good old Lutheran doctrine, 
as it was in its primitive pui-ity, and houees of worship are found in every 
town of consequence, and throughout the Count)', in those rural districts 
mostly peopled by the descendants of those from Luther's home, and the 
field of his early labore. 






eni-ly times, the pli 

Scluichamekhan, eel strec 

the place ivhere gun-hain 

nbury, in July, 1747, 


Before the discover)' of America by Columbus, an Indiao town existed 
where Siinbury now stands. It was the oldest and most important of all the 
towns in tliis region, inhabited by the Six Naiions. It was called, in the 
Indian language, SIm-ho-mo-king. This name was subsequently ivritten 
Shainnokin, and now it is Shamokin, and is the name of a town in the eastern 
part of Northumberland County. 

Sliamokin (Sunbury) was written Schamoki by the Delawares. In very 
called Sclmchamoki, the place of eels, and the creek 
i. It was next called Schaclihcnamciidi, signifying 
« are straightened, in allusion to the smithy built at 
ly Joseph Powell and John Hageu, of Bethlehem, 
where the blacksmiths, Schraid, Wesa and Keft'er, wrought in iron, until 
October, 1755. 

From its central position, near the confluence of the hvo branches of the 
Susquehanna, Shamokin was a place of gieat note among tlie Indians, and was 
the headqiiartere of distinguished chiefs \vho presided over the Six Nations. 
It was also the Council Ground of all those IndJauh who resided between this 
place and the Potomac; also of those up the Juniata, up the ^\est branch 
to its headwaters, and north and east to the headwaters of the north branch 
and tlie Delaware. 

It was here that the dignitaries of many tribes, ivith their featlieis and 
then- iiaint, their wampum and their war-gear, met to join the wisdom of 
their councils to make theii =ad decrees of war, oi to -send up cumulative 
\npor^ tioni the calumet of peace 

When Shamokm — now Smibui\ — firat became lvnoi\n to the white letflers, 
It was pieaided o\ei bj ShicUUmy, a Cayuga cliict and iathei of the gieatly 
wronged Loqaii nho iftenmids figured so pronuneutl} m the Indian history 
of Pi^unsjUauia Aluinoppcei one of the chiefs of the Dihnaris also 
luedheie He was the keepei of the public treasuic of the ^ix Nations, 
and would otcasiouallj gtt mtoMCated, and >-pend the beads and ^\ampum 
foi lum and finalh hetanie a defaulter to the Indian go\ernmtut 

The earliest luailnblc lecoid that relates to thi-- ludiau town date-, baek to 
1728 &o\ Goidon lajs down ceitam mstiuctions to '^mi(h and Pettj , who 
weie about to make a jouiucj to Shamokin In thia letter of mstiuttions, 
the Go\einoi puticularh requests them to call upon his Indian fueuds, 
Alnmopjjetn, Optku'*stl SliaiKalaii liii and Skiclelemy, and give tliem his 
paitieular regards 

At thrh tmie, Srmbuij was snnienlnt "cntteied but in the main, eovered 
the ground now oeeupied b\ Maiket 'Square, and the bljeks huig north of 
rt, belueeir the railroad and rnei There weie then upwaids, of hf^j wig 
wnmb and lioubes in the town and its vicmit\ with abiut three hundred in 
habitants a\craging about si\ inmate-s to each wigwam 

Sunbury was also a point from which theur war-paths radiated, or to which 
their highways centred. One main path went up the river by the mouth of 
Warrior Run to Muncy, and thence into Sullivan and the Towanda region. 
Another passed up the ravine in Blue Hill, a few rods below the end of the 
Northumberland bridge, thence up Turtle Creek into Buffalo Valley, and on 
to Kittanning and the west. There was also a main path down the river, 
about on the line of Fourth street, by the grave-yard, crossing Shamokin 
Creek near the little white house, and ascending the hill southward, about on 
the line of tlie present path in that locality. This went to the Harris Land- 
ing, now Harrisburg, with branches to the Juniata, Cumberland and Lan- 
caster regions. Another path went up the ravine at Bacher'a brewery, around 
Bake-oven Hill, and thence in tlie direction of Shamokin Creek to the Wyo- 
ming Valley, and to the headwaters of the SchuyUdll. 

In 1729, Shickeleniy, the great and good chief, who resided at Sunbury, 
lost one of his sons, and Gov. Gordon wrote a letter of condolence, sending 
a shroud in which to bury him. 

In 1730, John Hnrtt and John Fisher were living in Sunbury as traders, 
and Hartt was shot while burning a ring for deer. 

In 1744, Shickeleiiiii lost another of his sons, called Unhappy Jake, who was 
killed in a war then going on betiveen the Six Nations and the OiMtrfinj*. Sis 
other Indians of the Six Nationm from here, were also killed at the same time. 
Shickdemy took the death of his son, as Weiser say;!, " very hard," and the 
Governor sent him up some small presents to " wipe off the old man's tears 
and comfort his heart." 

In the Spring of 1744, the fii-«t aggravated case of n 
the Juniata, when John Arinstr m^ an Indian tra ki ui 
Jnnie^ Smith and "Woodwoith Am 11 w u inhiiiN i[il\ u 
deredb\ an Indiin of the i)e/i < i (iilt i miL 1 l/< j 
of thi'' murilei was so aggra\atnv Hiat a Pr.nmcul C 
take the matter rnto couskUi iti ni and it w i^ hiialh i ■ 
Weiser -liould he sent t<- S]i,rin.ikiir t make dLtnan I 
r,0\ernor for tho c. tnueuir I in thcilf in Mr Wu^ei i 
on the seeond da\ f M i\ 1744 mi 1 lurr 1 (h (- \ 
Alumoppefs the 7) / I i ( m I ih i t t tl /' 

presence ot Shuk / / i 1 i I i i t tl s N 
replied that it w i-- tiui tl it li \il | lU I i i ul) i n 

taken the imirtlercr and delueied liim t tlie friends ot 
dealt with aLcoidiiig to the mture ol tlie deed AHqv th 
addre™ b^ Ahnupjt . Sl.uf / n>i ih e in I enlpr ^i m 
theunh\pp\ afiiu \\\i In \'i\l u id I ml e lin^ \1 
with the Indian w i ill I i I \ i | i | i i i > li 

jccurrcfl o 


As Slmmokin (Sunliurj-) w 
used as a depot, or tarr}-iDg-pI; 
of the Eoutlij they were ver>- a 

The first religious service iu SuDbury, other thau that which the ludians 
gave to the Great Spirit, was held by Moravian iiiisssiouaries. Loskiel, in 
his history of Moravian iiilfisions, states that on the 28th of September, 
1742, Count Ziuzeudorf, accompanied by Conrad Weiser, Martin Mack and 
his wife, and two ludians named Joshua and David, aiier a long and tedious 
journey through the wilderness, an-ived at the town of Shamokin — now 
Sunbury. The chief Slnclcclemy, stepped out and gave them a hearty wel- 
come. Zinzendorf immediately announced liinit-elf as a messenger of the 
living God, come to preach unto tlieni grace and salvation. Sldckelemy 
replied that lie was happy to receive and entertain an ambassador from the 
Great Spirit, and would afibrd him all the assistance in Ids power. As a 
proof of his integrity, it is stated that on one occasion, when these pious 
missionaries were about going to prayers, the Indians making a terrible 
noise with drums and singing, the Count sent word to Sldckelemy, who im- 
mediately ordered silence. 

The Indians, at that time, lived upon wild meat, fieh, corn and vegetables, 
and as the curious crowd which gathered arouud these missionaries were 
sur\-eying them, one of their number stepped ibrward and presented the 
Count ^vith a fine watermelon. The Count was so much pleased witli this 
act of friendship that he took his fur cap from his head and presented it to 
the Indian in relurn. 

Rev. David Brainerd visited Shamokin in 1745, for the first time. He 
endured much sufi'eriug, being in delicate health. He was kindly received 
and entertained iu true Indian style, but had little satisfaction on account 
of tlie heathenish dance that occurred in the hut where he was obliged to 
lodge. Rev. Brainerd had started to come here the preceding year, but 
while passing from Easton, through what he terms " the vast howling wilder- 
ness," his horse broke his legs in the rocks and he was compelled to kill it 
and return. He says, in 1746, that there were three languages spoken by the 
Indiana in Sunbury ; that they were very immoral, and many of them ad- 
dicted to intemperance. 

In this same year, says Loskiel, Mack and wife again visited Shamokin, 
where they st;iid two months. During this time they not only auflered much 
illness and troubles of various kinds, but frequently were eye-witnesses to the 
most diabolical abomination, practiced by the savages more in this place 
than any other. Several times they were in danger of being mnrdered by 
drunken Indians, yet their ien'cnt desire to gain souls ibr Christ, inspired 
them with sncli consolation that, according to Mack's own statement, their 
hard fare in an Indian cottage, afforded them more real pleasure than all 
the luxuries of the most sumptuous palace couM have done. They spent a 
part of their time in assisting the Indians to cultivate their corn. In 1748, 
Shamokin was visited by Bishop Camerhoff and the pious Zeisberger, who 
came for the jiurpose of cstablldruig a. Moravian missiou. The Moravian 
mission was kept open till Braddock's defesd, 1755, when the alarming 
aspect of afiaii-w- fanned the brethren to abandon it and fly to Bethlehem. 
Wliat success they had among the Indians is nowhere positivJj^' stated, but 
it is presumed that they succeeded in accomplishing considerable good. 

The first house constructed on tlie English plan, that was erected within 
the limits of wliat is now Sunbury, was built in September, 1744, by Conrad 
iVeiser, for the Indian chief Shickelciny. In a letter to James Logan, dated 
September 29th, 1744, Mr. Weieer says: 

".Sir. — ^The day before yesterday I came back Irom Shamokin, where I 
have been with eight young men of my country people, whom Shickckmy 
hired to make a locke house for-him, and I went with them to direct them. 
We finished the house in seventeen days; it is forty-nine and one-half feet 
long, and seventeen and one-half feet wide, and covered mth siugels." 

This structure wa^ doubtless built of rough logs notched together, and the 
shingles ^vith which it was covered, were probably heavy split boaids, and 
at the present day would perhaps be called clapboards. 

For what purpose such a building was designed by Skickeleiny is not stated, 
further thau it was a " locke home," from which it may be inferred that he 
intended to incarcerate therein some of his refractory subjects. 

During the building of this house, the iever was very had among the 
Indians, and five or six died. Alumojjjieai, the Delmvare king, and Indian 
treasurer, was also ver)' sick, but recovered. 

The second house was built after tlie English custom, in the year 1747, by 
John Hagen and Joseph Powell, of the Moravian mission. The structure 
was used as a residence by Martin Mack and wife, by whom the first settle- 
ment at Shamokin — now Sunbuiy — was made. 

iportant point for the ludians, and 
leir war parties against the Cattntbaa 
have a blacksmith to save them the 
trouble of long journeys to IHilpehoeken or Philadelphia, to get their imple- 
ments of wai- repaii-ed. On application to tlie Provincial Government, their 
request was granted on condition that he should remain with them no longer 
than they proved friendly to the English. As all was peace and harmony 
among the two nations at that time, of course they assented to the proposi- 
tion, and a gentleman named Anthony Schmidt, IVoni the missiou at Bethle- 
hem, had the honor of being the fii-st representative of Vulcan at Shamokin. 
This was about the year 1746, Shortly after this, — probably the next year, 
— John Hagen and Joseph Powell, of Bethlehem, Pa., came to Shamokin 
and erected a smithy. Hagen died soon after his aiTival. 

Shamokin was considered a dangerous place of residence for a European, 
the air being unwholesome, not to mention the extravagance in drinking and 

As early as 1790, Paul Baldy, a Revolutionary soldier, ppened a shop on 
the site of the present Presbyterian church. It was built partly of hewn 
and partly of unhewn logs. 

The first church edifice was erected in 1792, and was a log structure. It 
stood on the site of the present Lutheran church. The second church, also 
of logs, was built a year or two later, by the Presbyterian and Reformed 
denominations combined, and occupied the site of the present Reformed 
church edifice. The 

in Sunbury was Rev. Mr. Morrison, of the Presbyterian pei-suasion. He 
used to officiate in this second log churcli. 

The first gi-ist-mill was built by Maclay as early as 1785. It was con- 
structed of logs, and for a long time was the only one in this section of the 
country. In 1820, there was a log house and grist-mill on the Haas farm. 

The first druggist was Dr. Solomon Markley, who came from Dauphin 
County and commenced that business as early as 1795. He died about 1814, 
and his wife continued the business until 1821. The building occupied was 
situated on Jlarket street, near where the oflice of Wm. I. Greenough now 

In 1774, in the month of September, it was very sickly in Sunburj-. The 
old chief S/iicMeiny, his wife, and many otlier Indians, had the "fever and 
ago,".^ they expressed it, very much, and Alnmoppees, the old defaulting 
treasurer, who wasted the beads and the wampum, actually shook himself to 
death ! One of the Mora>'ian missionaries, probably one of the Mack fannly, 
died here in the same year. In July, Conrad Weiser gave Shickeleiny and 
Ids sons, all the wheat meal they could bring from Tulpehocken on their 
horses, amounting to nine bushels, which was probably the largest cargo of 
breadstufls ever brought into Sunbury up to that date. 

In one of his letters, dated at Tulpehocken, October loUi, 1747, Conrad 
Weiser thus writes to Richard Peters, Secretary of the Province of Pcnn- 

" I must at the conclusion of this, recommend Skkkelemy as a proper ob- 
ject of charity. He is extremely poor — iu his sickness the horses have eaten 
his corn ; his clothes he gave to the Indian doctoi-s to cure him and his 
family — but all in vain. He has nobody to hunt for him ; and I cannot see 
liow the poor old man can live. He has heeu a true servant to the govern- 
ment, and may perhaps still be, if he lives to do well again. As tlie winter 
is coming on, I think it would not be amiss to send a few blankets or match- 
coats, and a little powder and lead. If the government would be pleased to 
do it, and you could send it soon, I would send my sons with it to Shamokm 
before the cold weather comes." 

In the early part of November, 1747, the following goods were brought for 

Five strowd match-coata at seven pounds ; one-fourth cask of gun-powder, 
two pounds, fifteen shillings; one-half cut bar of lead, one pound; fifteen 



yards of blue half thicks, two poiinds, seveu sliilliDgs, and six pence ; one 
dozen best buck-heftetl knives, nine shillings ; four Dulfel match-coate, tliree 
pounds; amounting to sixteen pounds, eleven shillings, and six pence. 

In the month of April, 1749, occurred, at his residence in Sunbury, the 
death of the Cayuga chief, Skickelenvj. He was truly an excellent, and 
good man, possessed of many noble qualities of mind, that would do honor 
to mauy white meu, laying claims to refinement and intelligence. He was 
possessed of great dignity, sobriety, and prudence, and was particularly 
noted for his extreme kindness to the whites and missionaries. He was the 
most intimate and valued friend of Conrad Weiser, wlio entertained gi-eat 
respect for him. On several importnnt occasions, he attended the sittings of 
the Provincial Council, at Pliiladelphin, and performed embassies between 
the Government of Pennsylvania and the Six Nations. Conrad Weiservisi- 
ted him freduently at his house, in Shamokin, on business for the Govern- 
ment, and was in turn visited by him, at Tulpehocken. He had several sons, 
one of which was Logan, the Mingo chief, and another, named Taglienegh- 
(7oanis,"who was the eldest, and who assumed the duties of cliiof after the 
death of his father. 

In tlie dec&ise of this Indian chief, -the whites lost the best and truest 
friend they ever liad among tlie tawny sons of the forest. Loskiel, who 
knew him well, thus speaks of liini : " Being the first magistrate, and head 
chief of nil the Iroquois Indians living on the banks of tlic Susquehanna, as 
far as Onondaga, he thought it incumbent upon him to be very circumspect 
in his dealings with the white people. He mistrusted the brethren at first, 
but, upon discovering their sincerity, became their firm and real friend. 
Being much engaged in political aHaii-s, he had learned tlie art of concealing 
his sentiments, and, therefore, never contradicted those who endeavored to 
prejudice hia mind agi\inst the missionaries, though he always suspected their 
motives. In the last years of his life, he became less reserved, and received 
those brethren, who came to Shamokin, iuto his house. He assisted them in 
building, and defended them against the insults of the drunken Indians ; 
being himself never addicted to drinking, because, as he expressed it, he 
never wished to become a Ibol. He had built his house upon pillars, for 
safety, in which he always sliut himself up when any drunken frolic was 
going on in the village. In tliis house. Bishop Johanuas Von WattervUIe, 
and his company, visited and preached the Gospel to him. It was then that 
the Lord opened his heart ; he listened with great attention ; aud, at last, 
with teai-a, respected the doctrine of a crneified Jesus, and received it in 
faith. During his visit in Bethlehem, a remarkable change took place in 
his heart, which he could not conceal. He found comfort, peace and joy, by 
faith in his Redeemer, and the brethren considered him a candidate for baptism ; 
but hearing that he had been already baptized by a Roman Catholic priest, 
in Canada, they only endeavored to impress his mind with a proper idea of 
his sacramental ordinance, upon which he destroyed a small idol that he 
wore about his neck. After his return to Shamokin, the grace of God 
bestowed upon him was truly manifested, aud hia behavior was remarkably 
peaceable and contented. In this stflte of mind ho was taken ill, was 
attended by Rev. David Zeisberger, and in his presence, fell liappy asleep in 
the Lord, in liill assurance of obtaining eternal life, through the merits of 
Jesus Christ." 

He was buried in the Indian burying-gi-ound, above town, where hia dust 
still sleeps, if it has not been washed away by tlie inroads of the river upon 
the bank. A slight transposition of tlie words of Longfellow seem to breathe 
tlie sadness of the good man's absence : 

Upon the death of Shickelemy, Governor Hamilton sent Conrad Weiser 
to Shamokin to let the children and grand-children of the deceased chief 
know that the Governor of Pennsylvania and his council, condoled with 
them for the death of their father, and to give them a small present in order 
to wipe off their tears, according to Llie custom of the Indians. The present 
consiated of six strowd match-eoata and seven shirts with a string of wampum. 
Another string of wampum was also given to TaglieneghdouTus, Sltickelemy's 

Shickelemy'a death was the beginning of evil days. His son was made 
chief, but was unable to restrain his people. 

In 1755, tlie French formed an alliance with the Indians, promising to re- 
cover and give them back their lands upon the Susquehanna. Large bodies 
of French and Indians had cros.^ed tlie -iVllegheny mountains, for the purpose 
of murdering, scalping and burning. It was the intention of the French to 
overrun this portion of the country and erect fortifications at different 
points, making Shamokin their headquarters. This fact was reported to the 
Provincial Government, by Andrew Montour, with a recommendation, that 
a fort be immediately erected at Shamokin, for defence. 

Soon after, in the autumn of 1755, the inhabitants on Penn's Creek were 
attacked, many of them killed, and twenty-five taken prisoners. Their 
houses were burned and crops destroyed. This was the 

Forty-six of the settlers fled to Sunbury for protection, but the behavior of 
the Indians here ^cas so suspicious, that they left on the following day, and 
were fired upon by Indians in ambush below Sunbury, having four more of 
their number killed. 

Shortly after the massacre on Penn's Creek, the Moravian mission at 
Shamokin was broken up, and the settlers fled to Bethlehem. This they 
were compelled to do in order to save their lives, as the Indians were very 
rude, and probably would liave murdered them if they had remained mucli 

Still later in tlie autumn, the Indians again appeared in considerable 
numbers around the Shamokin region, and during the following month com- 
mitted several barbarous murders upou the remaining whites. No particu- 
lars, however, are preseiTed. 

About this time the Indians abandoned the town of Shamokin, jirobably 
on account of fear of the English, who were expected there in a considerable 
force, to erect a fort and make prepai-ation tor the defence of the frontier. 
On the 3d of June, 1756, a scout, consisting of George Allen, Alio Lover- 
hill, James Crapton, John Gallaher, John Murrah, and Robert Eyer, were 
sent up the river to reconnoitre the enemy at Shamokin. They re|)orted 
that they arrived there on Saturday night, and, not observing any enemy, 
went to the place where the town had been, hut found all the houses con- 
sumed, and no trace of it left. They remained there till ten o'clock the 
next day, but observed no signs of Indians, 

Thus was the ancient town of Shamokin destroyed by its ovm inhabitantE. 
It seemed that they were anxious to obliterate all trace of their settlement 
at this point, when they found that the whites were encroaching so rapidly 
upon their lands. Like the Russians, they were determined to leave uotlung 
behind that could be of any benefit to the enemy. Shamokin, in having 
been such an important pouit among them, from time immemorial, was left, 
no doubt, with regret ; aud the dusky warrior, as he turned into the forest, 
could not refrain from looking back at the spot he loved so well, that was to 
be abandoned forever. The flames of the burning wigwams lighted up the 
gloom of the surrounding wilderness ; the little pappooses clung closer to 
their mothers, aud looked wistfully around. This closes the first act in the 

It being fiilly determined by the Provincial Government to erect a fort at 
Shamokin, instructions were issued to Col. Wm. Clapham, by Governor Mor- 
ris, in June, 1756, as follows: 

"Herewith you will also receive two Planus of Ports, the one a Pentagon, 
the other a Square with one Ravelin to Protect the Curtain wliei-e the gate is, 
with a ditch, covered way, and Glacis. But na it is impossible to give any 
explicit directions, the Particular form of a fort, without viewing and Con- 
sidering the ground on which it is to stand, I must leave it to you to build it 
in such form as will best answer for its o^vn Deleuce, the command of the 


river and of the Country in its neiglibourliood, and tlie Plans herewith will 
serve to shew the Proportion that the Different parts of the works should 
bear to Each other. 

"As to the place upon which tliis fort is to be erected, that must be in a 
great measure left to your Judgment; but it is necessary to inform you that 
it must be on the East side of the Susquchnna, the Lauds on the AVest at ye 
forks & between the branches not being Purchased from the Indians, besides 
which it would be impossible to relieve and su]tpoi-t n garrison on that side 
in the winter time. From all tlie Information I have been able to Collect' 
the Land on ye south side of tlie east branch, opposite the middle of the 
Island, is the highest of auy of the low land thereabout, and the best place 
for a fort, as the Guns you liave will form a Rampart of a moderate liighth, 
command the maiu river ; but as these Informations come from pereons not 
acquainted with the nature of such things, I am fearfull they are not much 
to be depended on, and your own Judgment must therefore direct you. 

" When you have completed the fort you will cause the ground to be eleard 
about it, so to a convenient distance and openings to be made to the river, 
and you will Erect such buildings within the tort and place them in such u 
manner as you shall Judge best, 

"Without the fort, at a convenient distance, under the command of the 
Guns, it wili be necessary to build some log houses for Indians, that they 
may have places to Lodge in without being in the fort wliere numbers of 
them, however friendly, should not be admitted but in a formal manner, and 
the guard turned out, this will be esteemed a compliment by our friends, 
and if enemies should at any time be concleald under that name, it will give 
them proper notions of our vigiJence and prevent them from attempting to 
surprise it 

"As soon as you are in Possession of the Ground at Shauiokin, you will 
secure your self by a breast work in the best manner you can, so that your 
men may work in safety, and you will inform rae of your arrival there, and 
let me know what you will have occasion for that I may apply to the Com- 
m^ioners to supply it." 

This extract embraces the principal part of the instructions relating to 
this point, and may be found at length in the Arcliives of the State, pages 
667 and 668. 

When Col. Clapham received these instructions he was at Fort Halifax, at 
the mouth of Armstrong's Creek, thirty-two miles below Shamokin, with a 
body of several hundred men. He had a number of inechnoics also engaged 
in building boats for the transportation of their provisions aud nmnitiona of 
war. These boats were pushed against the current. Navigating the river 
at that time, and in such a manner, wus very laborious as well as daugerous : 
for the savages were constantly on- the lookout to surprise them. He also 
manufiictnred carriages at this place tor his cannon, but the number is not 
given. It is inferred, however, from letters, that he haii a number of pieces. 

It appears that the C-olouel hud .some dilficulty with his men here, on ac- 
count of pay already due them. Nut lieiiig nble to ]iiiy them, on account of 
the scarcity of funds, some of the soldiei-s. and the biitcau-iiicii, became very 
obstreperous, and refused to perform their duty. The latter were Dutch- 
men, according to his account, and twenty-six in number. They were ar- 
rested and confined for mutiny. 

The following extract is from a memorandum made in 1802, by Colonel 
Samuel Miles, of the Revolutionary army: 

" We crossed the Susquehanna and marched on the west side thereof, until 
we came opposite where the town of Sunburj' now stands, where we crossed 
over in batteaux, and I had the honor of being the first man who put his 
foot on shore at landing. In building the Fort at Shamokin, Capt. Le\'i 
Trump and myself had the charge of the workmen, and al^er it was finished 
our battalion remained there as garrison until the year 1758," 

In July, 1756, Col. Clapham arrived at Shamokin, with a command of 
about four hundred nicu. Temporary breastworks were hastily thrown up 
for theii' better jtroti-'ction, aud preparations made to build a tort without de- 
lay. The iiitn, however, wore much dissatisfied about their pay, ami it woa 
with great ditfiijulty that they could be re.'^tniiiK'd from ivliirriing. Matters 
finally assumed such a- serious asped, ihsit mi tin' i:iili -il .Iiily a council 
was held in the camp, to take into considriaii,,ii uluii w:l^ l.rst t.> be done. 
As it shows clearly the troubles cncouultTftl liy lln> i(JiiJiiiLiiiili.-i', and forms 
an important feature in the history of Fort AugU!>Ui, we coiiy it entire, as 

■ "Present — alj the officers oif Col. Claphani's Regiment, except Capt. Miles, 
who Cominand^'fche Garrison at Fort Halifax. 

"The SubalteEilfi complain, that aft«r expectation eiven them by several 
Gentlemen, Commissioners, of xeceiviiig seven Shillings Six Pence each Lieut., 

& five Shillings & Six Pence each Ensign per day, the Commissaiy has re- 
ceived Instructions to pay a Lieut, hut five shillings aud sLx pence, and an 
Ji-nsign lour Shillings. 

"Capt. Salter affirms, tliat the Gentlemen CommissioueK assur'd him that 
the Subalterns pay was Augmented from fiv( ~ 

"Lieut. Davies reports, that Mr. Fox assured him that the pay of a Lieut. 
1 this Regiment would be Eslablished at seven Shilliuss & six Peuce per 

-lilliugs and six peuce, & an Ensign five Shillings & 


" Capt. Lloyd says, that Mr. Hughs, one of the Gentlemen Commissionere 
told him the same thing. 

"The Gentlemen Officei-s beg leave to Ajipenl to his Honor, the Governor, 
as an Evidence that that Opinion Univei-eally Prevailed thro'out the Regi- 
ment, and thinking themselves unjustly dealt with by the Gentlemen Com- 
missrs., are Unanimously Determiued not to Honor their most hearty and sincere 
thanks for the Favours received, the gratetiil impression of which they shall 
never forget, and at the same time request a permi.Bsion from your Honor to 
Resign on the Twentieth day of Angst next, desiring to be relieved accor- 

"[Signed] Levi Trump, Patrick Davis, Daniel Clark, Chas. Garraway, 
Asher Clayton, Wm. Andei-son, John Hambright, William Plunket, Sam. 
Jno. Atlee, Chas, Brodhead, Wm. Patterson, Joseph Scott, John Morgan, 
Samuel Miles, James Bryan, Pat. Allison." 

From this document, which may be found on page 700 of the Pennsylvania 
Archives, volume first, it will be perceived that considerable difficulty 
existed between the government aud the officei-s, which threatened seriously 
to impair the harmony that should exist between them. 

James Young, who appears to have been a paymaster in the service of the 
government, visited Shamokin about this time, and found great confusion and 
dissatisfaction existing simong the officers. On the 18th of July, 1756, he 
wTote a long letter to Gov. Morris, detailing the troubles in the camp. Col. 
Clapham, he states, ivas much displeased, ou account of there not being a 
sufficiency of money fonvai-ded to pay the troops. He complained loudly, 
of what he termed his ill usage, and went so far as to threaten to leave the 
service, and joiu the Indians, if something was not done soon. 

Young, it appeara, did not pay aTiy of the officers, on account of their 
claimuig more than he was instructed to allow them. All of them, ivith the 
exception of three or four, had l)een uuder arrest by order of the Colonel, 
and released at his pleasure without trial. Se much doubted the propriety of 
building a fort at this point, as there was great danger of it being deserted by 
the men, and giveu up to the enemy. 

Ou the same day. Colonel Clapham and James Burd, wrote a long letter to 
Gov. Morris, setting forth their grievances as : 

SuAMOKiN, July ISlh, 1750. 

"Sir: I am desir'd hereivith to Transmit to your Honor the result of a 
Council held at the Camp at Shamokin, July the 13th, in cousequence of a 
disappointment in the Pay of ye Subalterns, from wch it will appear to your 
Honor that they think themselves ill treated by the Geutlemen Commission- 
ers, whose Honor they rely'd on and several of whose promises they recite in 
Regard to their Pay, and that they are unanimously determined to resign 
then: Commissions on the 20th day of August next if the respective Promi- 
ses and Assurances of the Gentlemen Commissioners on that Head are not 
fully Comply'd with before that time. 

"I further beg leave to address your Honor with a Complaint in behalf of 
myself, aud the other Captains and Officers of this Regiment, I had the 
honor to receive from you, Sr., a Commission as Captain in the Regiment 
under my command, dated March tlie 29th, for which the Gentlemen Com- 
missioners, notwithstanding it was represented to them, have been pleased to 
withhold my pay and Assigu'd as a Reason that a man can execute but one 
Ofliice at a time, and ought to devote his whole service to it, which is not only 
an uujust reumrk, but aH'ronting to all Gentlemen who have the Honor to 
hold directly frnm his Jlajesty's officers more than one Commission at tlie 
same time, I'ly ^uppmiug them deficient iu some part of their Duty, and is 
virtually an mvertive against the Government of Great Britain itself They 
have liliewise been pleased to deal with Mayor Burd upon the same princi- 
ples and have paid him only as a Captain, which must oe confessed is a very 
concise method of reducing without the Sentence or even tJie Sanction of a 
Court Martial. 

"The several Captains think themselves affronted by the Commissi's In- 
structions to the Commissary to pay but two Sergeants and forty-eight Pri- 
vate Meu in each Company, uotwithsUiudiug two Corporals and one Drum- 
mer were appointed in each Company by your Honor's express Command, 



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that the Co a 

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of the r Co i 

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done the r Count -j 1 


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B u&i of ODe Team 
/ ftom whence yoii will easily Judge that the AVorks must proceed 
very slowly and the Expence iu the end be proportiouable. 

"Permit me,Sr, iu the most grateful manner to thank your Honor for the 
Favour conferred on me and on the Regiment under my coniinund ivhich I 
am sensible were meant as well in Friendship to the Provinee as myself. I 
have executed the trust Reposed in me with all Possible Fidelity and to the best 
of my Knowledge, but my eudeavoi-s as well as thoseof every otIierOfiicerin 
the Service have met with so ungenerous a Return so contracted a Reward 
that we can no longer serve with anv Pleasure on such terms. And if we 
ou Hono o O dei> u u p s 

1 b do 

Condu t of a E pel t 

(, nuch 

ga d 

1 St dj 

Most obedieut humble Servant, 

Notwithstanding these complaints, the government was slow to supply the 
wants of the sollliers, occasioned no doubt by the scaicity of fuufls and ])ro- 
vieions. The command of Colonel Clapham -[ill rc-uiaiju-d al ^^llalIlllkin. and 
on the 14th of August, 1756, he again writo li. CnvcTiiur Mt.jii- lli;ii their 
wants were still unsupplied, and that they nnly hn.l abt.ul hall a i"iiiml nf 
powder to each man, and none for the cannon. Their .-:Uji.k uf pruvi.-^iuiis 
was also lo«- — winter ivas apjiroaching, and the prospect of famine stared 

tl n n the Jace unl^s a supply was laid in. Boats had been despatched to 
H f r flo b t they encountered so much danger in passing down to 

H 1 r afe return was almost despaired of, 

1 I t e the Colonel informs the Governor that he was obliged 

I Plunkett under ari-est for mutiny, and only awaited the 

T l{,e Vdviicate, to have him tried by court-martial, 
"Not tl i g tl e difficulties that existed in the command of Colonel 

Clapi in anl tie th-eats of the officers, that they would throw up their 
con n is„ on. an 1 abandon the post by the 20tli of August, if they were not 
pa d t no vl e appears that any of them carried this threat into execution. 
ri e con n anl y officer, no doubt, nn more deliberate and calm reflection, 
can e to the o Iu on that they had a savage and wiley enemy to contend 
V th a d th t t a. absolutely necessary for their own prescr\-ation, that 
dei nces sh uld by ee Idy be erected, to guard the frontier against their iucur- 
sois In e of tl is, and the more patriotic feelings that triumphed over 
the nmor cons le at ons of personal bickerings, the work of erecting Fort 
A gusta tead Ij p ogi^essed. In Sejitember they received some supplies 
fton 1 elo wh 1 tended to revive their drooping spirits. Previous to this, 
tl e en fte c 1 la e 1 upon short allowances of flour. 

Peter Bu d to to Governor Morris, September 14th, 1756, and states, 
tl at tl e fort no ilmost finished, and a fine one it is; we want a large 
flag to g ace t Tl ey had labored, it appears, indefatigAbly, for some six 
eek pon the oiks. The commanding officer was in a better humor, 
an 1 about thL. t n e nforras Benjamin Franklin, that, ia his opinion, this 
post s of the utn o t consequence to the Province, and that it is defensible 
aga n t all tl e [ o e of nnisketrj'. From its position, however, he feared 
tl at t a m re p sed to a descent ou the West Branch, and recommended 
that t be n 1 le onger. 

It be ntc t ng to the people of Sunbury, to know what kind of pro- 

on tl e ] a 1 1^ ^nd the materials of war, were possessed by the garri- 

on of Fort V gu ta one hundred years ago. In view of this, I transcribe 

tl hrst report of tl e Commissary, Peter Burd, nnide in September, 1756, as 

folio s 

4 Lanthoms. 27 bags flour about 5,000 c 
1,301 Grape shot. 4 Iron Squares. 

46 hand granades. 12 Carpenter's 
58 Cannon ball. 1 ream writing paper. 

6 a ng B 33 1 ead f C ttl 

i t ne A\ilh mD nay as pp t IGo ftl P 

of Pe u an a Col I CI ph m t h m 1 £, 1 tt t t tl 
n ot I e fe s 1 tl t t p > d th M > f tl 

so d -3 1 ft a 1 t I I b J ie.t t te d tl t 

sho 1 lo e at II t tl ant f I C 1 1 t t I th t 1 

had an ed a n 1 11 1 e- de, 1 g d as 

I ou a mg c i g I IS p k t H h- | th I rt I 1 

no de Vt im 1 1 1 tl 1 Id It t^ I h 

madhh nml|t btptttitt 1 

on t e ork on tl e t t tl sa t O 1 d d m 




i} 1 

he 1 ffi u 

a [ pi a a an I t was very necessary that a stock of provisions to last 
n n I I b ou hand. 

V 1 this, in another letter to Governor Denny, Colonel 

L u n lusion : 

"Two bushel:* of Blue Grass Seed are necessary wherewith to sow the 
Slopes of the Parapet & Glacis, and the Banks of the Kiver^in eight or 
ten Days more the Ditch will he carried quite round the Parapet, the Bar- 
rier Gates finished aud Erected, and the Pickets of the Glacis completed — 
after which I shall do myself the Honor t.i attend your command in person." 
In line cnur-e of time Fi.rt AugU:-ta was com|,ieted, and w;is nne uf the 
:,tiMng.-.l, iis well us joust important, of all the fnmtier inv\> huill ;il that 

the origi[ial <lra\ving iu London, a copy of which may be Ibuiid iu the Slate 
Library at Harrisburg, and is undoubtedly correct in every res})ect: 



"Fort Augusta stands at about forty yards from tlie river ou n bnuk 
tiventy-four feet from the surface of the water. The side wliich fronts the 
river is a. strong palisnde, the bases of the logs being sunk, four feet iuto the 
eiirtli, the top hollowed and spiked into strong rilibond whicii run trans- 
versely and are morticed into several logs at twelve feet tliwtunt-e from each 
other, which are larger and higher than the rest, the joints between each 
palisade with five logs well fitted on the in^de and sujipurted by the plat- 
form — the other three sides are composed of logs hiid liori/nntally, neatly 
dovetailed and trunnelled down, they are squared; some uf the lower end 
three feet in diameter, the least from two feet and a half tw eighteen inches 
diameter, and are mostly white oak." 

Doubtless the action of the water has considerably worn away the banks 
from what they were at that day, for it is less than " forty yards " from the 
spot where the fort stuod to the bank of the river. 

In 1757 or 1758, Major James Burd succeeded Colonel Clapham, in the 
command of Fort Augusta. At this time they had the fort placed in a good 
condition, to resist the attack of an enemy. Below I annex a copy of the 
report of militarj' stores, made December 6, 1758, by Adam Henry: 
" 12 Pieces of Cannon in poud order. 


1 order 

4 Blunderbusses in good order. 

3 Cartridges of poivder, nmde for cannon. 
112 Cartridges of powder, made for swivels. 
12 Barrels of poivder. 
46 Hand granades. 
29 Rounds of cut shot." 
With this amount of material of war on liand, there is no doubt but the 
garrison would have made a formidable show of resistance^ 

Time passed on. Nothing very remarkable occurred at Fort Augusta for 
several years. "We have accounts of various Indian meetings being held 
here, however; speeches being made by the chie&, and other business trans- 
Captain Gordon, who acted in the capacity of Engineer, recommended 
that ft substantial' magazine be erected in one of the bastions of the fort. His 
descrijition of the manner in w-hich it should be constructed is very precise, 
and as it is in a tolerably good state of preservation, we copy his specifica- 

" A Magazine ought to be built in the South Bastion, 12 by 20 feet in the 
clear, also a Labratorv of the same dimensions in the East Bastion. The 
Wall i.f [he Miiu'a/ine tn be '2 J Fi.ot thick, with three Butfres.-.e?, 2 Foot 
till, k ;il tlif l..iini„. levelling to !l inclu- at T,.]i, la each si.le. The breadth 
nl Uutii.-,-, ,: Fuet Th.- Ma-axiiii' to liuve an arch of 2h Brick thick, 
and tn l„. niidri -nmnd within 1^ F-.ut ..f tlie Top of the Arch. TheAValls 
^L-vcn Ini.t hifih fioni the Level ..f the, and (.i have a Foundation 2 
Flint below Ihe Floor ; great care takca t.i lay the Joists and to fill up be- 
tween with Rubble Stone and Gravel, ranmicd ; the Joi>ts to be covered 
with Plank Ih inch thick. An Air Hide, 1 Hint Square tn he practised in 
the Gavel end, opposite the Door. The Psissage to the Jlaga-iine to have a 
zigzag, and over the Arch some Fine Plaister laid, then covered with Fine 
Gravel, and 4 ibot of Earth a Top. 

"The Laboratory likeniae to be arched, but with li briek and without 

the Horizontal Line at 20 Degrees of Elevation, or as nmch as will be suf- 
ficient to discover it underneath from the Flanks. This Fraise to be 2* feet 
in the Ground, 3J without, not to exceed 5 inches in Thickness, the Breadth 
from 4 to 7 ; a number of these Fraises ought, before set in the Wall, to be 
tunnelled on a Peice of Slab or Plank, of 5 inches broad, within 6 inches of 
the end-*, which gives an inch at the end clear of the Slab; the distance 
from one to auotlier 2*. Alter made fast to this Slab, to be introduced in 
the AVall and the Earth ramm'd well between. When the Earth is well 
fixed and the whole set roimd, or a considerable way, another Peice of 3 

This document bears date. May 6th, 1758. It is rendered more interest- 
ing at the present day, as the magazine can yet be seen. It,mll probably 

In "July following, a small reinforcement arrived at tliefort. The total 
number of available men, including officers, in the garrison, nt this time, 
amoimted to but one hundred and eighty-nine. They were pretty well sup- 
plied, however, with munitions of war, and could have made a Ibrmidable 
stand against superior numbers. 

The commanding officers received instructions to confine all the French 
deserters, that had been enlisted as soldiers, and send them under guai'd to 
Likucaster jail. This was to prevent them from again joining tlie French, 

on their expedition from Chingte^lamooae. About this time a new flag-staff, 
seventy feet in height, was erected, but unfortunately their old colors were 
entirely worn out, and they had to wait some time, for the arrival of new 

John Shiclfelemy, who, during the French and Indian war, had become 
estranged from the English, appears again about Shamokin, in 1759 or 1760. 
The Governor, it seems, sent him a string of wampum and solicited his at- 
tendance at a council to be \\M at the fort. He also extended to him his 
hand, thanked him -incerely, and greeted him as a friend. This was to gain 
his esteem, for Shlrkifieiinj Imd been a little treacherous; he attended the 
conference, and after it wa^? over, requested some provisions to last him home. 
They gave him a hundred weight of flour and some meat, and he started in 
fine spirits. Nothing further of any importance is reported to have trans- 
pired about the fort, until July 12th, 1762, when quite an excitement was 
raised on a report of liquor being furnished the Indians. The Indian 
Agent informed Lieutenant Graydou, who had command in the absence of 
Colonel Burd, that he had detected his {^Colonel Burd's) store-keeper in sell- 
ing liquor to them, and had sufficient proof to convict him. He demanded 
of the Lieutenant that the liquor be seized, and as the instructions from the 
Governor were strict, he was obliged to do it. The store-keeper, however, de- 
nietl the fact. It appeared that Mr. Holland, Colonel Burd's good friend, 
had been posted at a "peep-hole," made iu the wall in the adjacent house, 
from whence he could see in the Colonel's store; and the proof was that he 
saw some squaws in the house with the store-keeper — that one of them asked 
for rum, and showed a dollar, on which the door was closed, and the rum 
delivered to her. Lieutenant Graydon was accused of being iu the store at 
the same time. He was very much incensed about it, and admitted having 
been there, but saw no liquor sold to them. He forthwith informed Colonel 
Burd of the accusation, who wrote from Lancaster, under date of July IStli, 
1762, as follows: 

for Issuing Provisions at that place, with having carried on a trade with the 
Indians, iu consequence of which he has seized all the Rum in Store, and he 
further says that this Clandestine Trade is carried ou bv my Particular 
orders. Mr. Holland has sent an Express tn Philadelphia, and Mr. McCor- 
mick has come down to me hero, and in order that this letter may come to 
your hand soon and safe, I have scut him with it to you. 

"Inclosed is Mr. McCormiek's Deposition, which was taken here, as I in- 
tended to have sent him back to Augusta, if X could have forwarded my let- 
ters by a safe hand to Philadelphia, but failing of this, I am under the ne- 
cessity of sending him'-clf. 

"Now, Sir, as to a Inuk- being carried nn with the Indians Bv me, for 
me, bv my Clerk, bv the (lHi,...r;., ur Gan-i.-on nf Fnrt Augupta, o"r in any 
manner, .ir in a.iv""av what--never, at Fn,t An^iiMa, In mv knowledge. I 
hereby declare tn Iil- ah-nlutoly Fal.-e, & to the truth of tliis I am ready &' 
drilling to take my ualh iu any words that the t.'onimissionei-s, or even that 
Scoundrell Holland would commit to paper, and ttuther, I can procure if 
Necessarj- the oaths of the Officers and Garrison of Augusta to the same 
purpose, & "f everv pei-son living on the Susquehanna, from Hai 

to th.- 

., that I never'lirnuu'lit a 


y other Indian Commodity whateve 

, .../Deposition that Mr. McCormick did wa 

Indi.iiL ^,(M,\,a I Inn liiili;\n .Iressed winter Skin to line a pair of plush britches 
for hiiiiM-lf, whu-U ii,' ua- getting; if this is the ground of the Complaint, it 
must appear to iu- llnn'r the GovV & Commissrs to he intirely malitious in 
Holland, it not finm a well grounded zeal of serving liis Country. 

" It Really vexes me much (o be eternallv plagued in this mauner bj: Hol- 
land, and the more so that it is an accusation of the highest breatch of ti-ust- 
for me t^i break a well known Law of that Government whose bread Idaily eat. 

"I must, therefore, beg your friendly ofl^ei-s in laj-ing the state of the case 
clearly before the Governor, if Necessary; and if this affafr is reju-esented to 
my disadvantage, that vo" would represent it as it really is, & you are full^ 
at liberty to show this letter to any Person whatsoever, as I shall support it 
in every particular, etc." 

From the tone of this letter, it will readily be inferred that Colonel Burd 
was not in the best humor when he wrote. How the matter was finally 
adjusted, or whetlier anything further grew out of it, does not appear upon 
record. At a conference with the Indians, held at Lancaster, on Jlonday, 
the 23d of August, 1762, Governor Hamilton presiding, Thomas King, one 
of the chiefe and rejiresentatives of the Six JVallom, rose aiul said: 

"Now all the diffl'rnni Irihc-'^ nf u^ present, desire that you will call your 
Koldiei-s away frnm Sl,;n,M,kin, tnr we liave concluded a peace, and are as one 
brother, havini: •nu- luad ami nin- la'art. 

"If you take away ynar .-nlda.T-. we d& 

hunting there, and will want a ti-ade. This is the way i 
ably together. 

luld keei) 




1? /ioiit.«( people; we desire that only /i 

liviiig there; you kuow who ari: tli 

people may live there, and that you will uot be too hard with 

may huy our skios aud furs, and such thiuga as we may have to sell. Tlifa 

will he the way for us to live peaceably together ; but for you to keep soldiers 

tliere, is not the way to live peaceable. Your soldiers are very often unruly, 

and our wariiora are often unruly; and when such get together, they do not 

agree, ibr, as you have now made peace with all our nations, there is no 

occasion tor soldiei-s to live there any longer." 

There is no doubt that the Indians would have been much gratified to 
have had the gariisoo removed irom Shamokin, as it was a cherisheil spot 
where they loved to dwell, and where reposed the mouldering bones of their 
ancestors. The proposition to place an "honest" man there to keep a stoie, 
is a scathing eommaitary upon the probity of the whites, ui their dealings 
with these dusky children of the forest. Judging from the manner in which 
they dealt with them, it is doubtful whether a man could have been found 
who would liavc conducted business in accordance with this old Indian's idea 
of " honesty." It seemed that they were destined to he cheated on eveiy 
occasion, and in tlie most shameful mannei-, too. 

The soldiers were not removed from Fort Augusta. Such a course would 
have proved veiy had policy, for the cup of the Indian's destiny was not full, 
and bloody scenes were yet to be enacted, before he turned his face for the 
last time upon the blue hills of Shamokin. In 17Go, a number of "men from 
Cumberland, in the neighborhood of Carlisle, went up to Sliamokin, for the 
purpose of murdering what Indians they might find there. On the alarm 
being given, they hastily collected their families together and fled. They 
came to Shamokin and appeared on the opposite side of the river, next the 
Blue Hill. Thi'ee of them, says Lieutenant Graydon, came over to the fort, 
and reported that they were from Cumberland County, and that there were 
fifly of them in company. They alleged that their object was to look at tlie 
land on the river, and at the Great Island, where some of them proposed to go 
and settle. Some of the party returned before they got that far; others went 
on to the Great Island. Some of them settled where Lock Haven now stands. 

"We cannot conjecture," continues the Lieutenant, "what these people's 
intentions were, but they seemed very inquisitive about Indians, which made 
us suspect that they had a design against those who were about us." 

The names of the three men that came over to the fort, were : John Woods, 
James McMein, and James Dickey. About this time, a number of Indian 
families intended settling on the Great Island, aud erecting cabins. Whether 
tliey went is not definitely known, but it is supposed they did. William 
Maclay seems to have been the next commander of Fort Augusta, aud 
Colonel Hunter succeeded him. The time when Colonel Hunter assumed 
the command is uot stated, but it was probably about 1770. 

Colonel Hunter had command of Port Augusta during the time of the 
Revolution, when it was the great point to which all the settlei^ of both 
branches converged, when compelled to abandon their homes in the wilder- 
ness by the attacks of the savages. All the forts erected along the west 
brancli, were under his supervision, and the duties that devolved upon him 
were great. He may be considered the watclif'ul guardian of the frontier. 
Scenes of the most thrilling character were enacted at that period. A fine 
brick mansion now stands on the identical spot formerly occupied by the ibrt. 
It was subsequently owned by Miss Hunter, a lineal descendant of the old 
colongl. It is now owned by Col, J. W. Cake. Truly, it is built on sacred ground. 

Early in the war of the Revolution, the Seiieca- and Mousey tribes were in 
considerable force, and Pine and Lycoming Creeks were almost navigable to 
the State line for causes. Fort Augusta at that time was garrisoned by about 
fifty men, under Colonel Hunter. They were called "a fearless few." 

Captain John Brady, at this time, suggested to his friends at Fort Augusta, 
the propriety of making a treaty with the Seneca and Monney tribes, knowing 
them to he at variance with the Delawares. By doing so, it was thought 
that their friendship and assistance might be secured against the Delawares, 
should they commence any inroads upon the settlements. His proposition 
was approved of, and petitions were sent to the Council praying the commis- 
sionei's might be appointed, and Fort Augusta designated as the place of 
holding the conference. The request was granted, and commissionei-s were 
appointed. Notice was given to the two tribes, by Brady and two others 
selected for the purpose. 

They met the chiefs and laid before them the proposition. They appeared 
to be deliglited, and listened to the proposal with pleasure. After smoking 
the pipe of peace and promising to attend at Fort Augusta on the appoiutetl 
day, they led them out of the camp, shook hands with them cordially, and 
parted in seeming friendship. 

Brady was very shrewd, feared to trust the friendship so waimly expressed, 
and took a different route iu returning with his company, to guard against 
being waylaid and surprised. 

On the day appointed for holding the treaty, the Indians appeared ivith 
their wives and children. The warriors numbered about one hundi-ed, and 
were dressed in their war costume. Care had been taken to make the fort 
look as fierce as possible, and everj' man was at his post. 

In former treaties, the Indians had received large presents, and were ex- 
pecting them here; but finding the fnrt too poor to give anything of value, 
taud an Indian never trust«, ) all efforts to form a treaty irith them proved 
abortive. They left the fort, however, apparently in good humor, and well 
satisfied vath their treatment, and taking to their canoes, proceeded home- 
ly ard. The remainder of the day was chiefly spent by the officers and people 
of the fort in advising means of protection against anticipated attacks of the 
Indians. Late in the day, Brady thought of Derr's trading-house, and 
foreboding evil fiom that pomt, mounted a small mare he had at the fort, 
and croirsing the north branch, rode with all possible speed. On his arrival, 
he saw the canoes of tlie Indians on the bank of the river near Derr's. 
AVhen near enough to observe, he saw the squaivs exerting themselves to the 
utmost at their paddles to work to his side of the river; and that when they 
landed they made for thickets of sumach, which grew in abundance on his 
land to the heighth of a man's head, and very thick upon the ground. He 
was not slow in conjectm-ing the cause. He rode on to where the squaws 
were landing, and saw that they were conveying rifles, tomahawks and 
knives, into the sumach tliickefs, and hiding them. He immediately jumped 
into a canoe and crossed to Derr's trading-house, where he found the Indians 
brutally drunk. He saw a barrel of rum standing on end before Derr's 
door, the head out. He instantly overset it, and spilled the rum, saying to 
Derr, " My God, Frederick, wliat have you done?" Derr replied : Dey dells 
nie yon ffif vm no dreet tmrni on the fort, ao dinks a^Iffif one here, als he go 
home inbease!" 

Next day the" Indians started off". They did not soon attnck the settle- 
ments, but carried arms for their allies, the English, in other parts. 

As the Revolution had become general, the most active preparations were 
made to devise means of defence. Companies of volunteers were raised, and 
every laudable eflbrt used to induce the patriots of that period to march to 
the defence of their country. A central committee of safety was established 
at Philadelphia, and committees in the various counties were organized and 
under the control of the central committee. The subordinate committees 
were in correspondence with the central one, and kept it posted up in every 
movement in their respective districts. A comnuttee of safety for Northum- 
berland County was appointed. They held regular meetings, and kept a 
record of their proceedings in a large hook, kept for the purpose. Thb 
book was given to Joseph G. Wallace, of Lewisburg, (deceased,) many years 
ago, by his uncle. Captain Gray, a Revolutionary hero. It contamed the 
names of the principle men of the County, the busmess transacted at thdr 
meetings, etc., which was very interesting. This book, it is to be regretted, 
has been carried off and probably lost. 

Sherman Day examined the hook some fifteen years ago, when he was col- 
lecting his Historical Collections of Pennsylvania, and made a few extracts 
fi-oni it. He was compelled to be as brief as possible, as the limite of his 
work would not permit of lengtliy extracts. To him, then, are we indebted 
for all that has been taken from that interusting, as well as official document. 

From it we learn that on the 8th of February, 17713, the following gentle- 
men, being previously nominated by their respective townships as fliey then 
existed, to serve in the committee for the space of six months, met at tlie house 
of Richard Malone, at the mouth of Chillisquaque Creek: For Augusta town- 
ship, John Weitzel, Esq., Alexander Hunter, Esq., Thomas Ball; Mahon- 
ing townsliip, William Cook, Esq., Benjamin Allison, Esq., Sir. Thomas 
Hewet; Turbut township, Captain John Hambright, William McKnight, 
William Shaw; Mnncy townsliip, Robert Bobb, Esq, William Watson, John 
Buckalew; Bald Eagle township, Williiun Dunn, Thomas Hughes, Alexan- 
der Hamilton; Bufiiilo township, Mr. Walter Clark, William Irwin, Joseph 
Green; White Deer township, Walter Clai-ke, Matthew Brottii, Marcus 

Captain John Hambrigh was elected chairman, and Thomas Ball, clerk, 
The field-officere of the battalion of the lower division of the counts, were 
Samuel Hunter, Colonel ; AVilliam C'nok, Licutenaof-Colonel ; Casper 
Wuitzel, Fii-st Major; Mr. John Lee, Stcnnd Maj<ir. Those of tlie upper 
battalion appear to have been William I'lnnkpf. t'ulnue); James Murray, 
Lieufenaut-Colonel; Mr. John Brady, Fii-st JIajor; Mr. Cookson Long, 
Second Major. 


Eacli cnptain -was ordered to return at least iorts pri\ntcs Ench bnttal- 
lon consisted of si\ companies The cnptnins of the lowei hntt«lion «ere 
Nicoin- Miller Chitrle GilKpic Iliifrh Wliito AVilIniii ^uill J^meb 
McMihoii AVilliimdukL uiliilUnMiii f ^ t mi T Im Snnj m iiid of 
theupptioiC i lid PlunUt I iltili.ri nni]\ Viil ~ 1 , '-imiicl WaIIi>, 
John Rubb ^\illinm Jlurm^ Williiiii iMtMhutn S,m .n L lol Dimd 


he fii t ph^-Knu rn the tcintur\ uf Sunliiin nns ).rohnl»l^ Dr \\ illmm 
Ilka H. W-I.M ht. I t. '-aiimcl Plinikct Huh CIkuklIIoi t Leland 

\\ I \ir\ i\Li]th\ "W hilp inukr tliLiufliitiHL <jf luinoi he in compan) 
. ruL tiur La iiinltd au EiiulLsh and flteingfrom jn-tiLC 
mii^'d it 1 111 n hip!) ard tioiii Enghnd iii a hiriel Before 
tit Enripe he wis tme da^ in a nail taetjr\ and atliattcd the attention 

-■aica-ni of a nohlenian in nnolhei part of the e>labli--hnii.nt iiho made 
it with one of his comrades th-it Plunket could not ttll the hme of da> 

sent a =er\ant \Mth his watch to =ettle the iut~-tion Plunket qnietlj 
the «at(.h in hi- own pocket and loM the sci\ant te till hi- mastei to 

for It iH pei--i II and he would ^uc hni] the tmie . f dm until he wts 
■ficd The nrhlcnitn ne\ei eanie for it an i lli D t .1 kept it is his 
In, mTuii He-cttkdntwhit«i-th n ill IHii I m now the 



led a (1 


I h H 1 I ul 1 1 tedin la^nm.mttlK iM 1 II ili Hi Plun 

kit \M 1 r i\ n nndhi'.-uninhu Louli iii\ 1 1 1 nth pie tiun el 
Anieru m indefLndLnce Que of hi- dauthtei niairud '-iniuel Mula^, 
who was the biothcr of "W illmin Maila-\ who woi the maternal grand father 
of I)r AhI now one of the oldc-t eitizcu" of Suuliur^ Anothei daughter 
manied Mi RicharJ-on , ind another a Mi Bell both of whom be- 
came prominent men and members of Congress. Tlie reason wliy Doctor 
Plunket maintained loyalitj' to the old couutrj' was, doubtless, because he 
bore the title of Baron Fingal, which he would have instantly forfeited by 
espousing the Aiiierityin cause. Dr. Plunket was a judge and sur\'eyor, as 
well as a physician. His office was that of the late Ebenezer Greeaough, on 
Front street, adjoining the Episcopal church, now occupied by the venerable 
David Rockefeller. Dr. Plunket was very tyrannical and cruel in his 
treatment of offenders. Before the whipping-post was erected, lie used to put 
the heads of criminals through a rail-fence, and thus satisfy the oD'ended law 
by executing the sentence of the court. 

One of the most striking events of Plunket's life, was his daring raid 
against the squatters, who, claiming the land under the old Penn purchase, 
had begun settlements in the vicinity of Wyoming, Threats of invasion 
were sent and returned, until finally Plunket raised a company, marched up 
towards A\''yonrnig and met the settlers. 

The- following account of the result is obtained Jroni Dr. Wm. M. Awl, bf 
Columbus, Ohio, (now in hb pcventy-eighth year,) who remembers hearing 
the same related to his father, .Samuel Awl, by Samuel Harris, who was a 
participant in the transaction: 

As the parties approached each other, William Slaclay, a Lieutenant of 
Captain Plunket's company, raised his gun and was about to shoot a des- 
perate character known as Simon Gurty, for whose head, it is understood, a re- 
ward had been oflered. Gurty at once took in the situation, and saw that he 
could save himself, if at all, only by strategy, and instantly cried out — "Is 
Sam. Harris in this company?" This question had its desii-e'd effect and 
caused a lew seconds delay, which Gurty iustanlly emhniced, aud "by a nim- 
ble u.-e of his legs soon put himself beyond the reach of any ordinary shoot- 
Scarcely had Gurty esca])ed, wheu a great commotion began in thecrowd, 
iind it was discovered that Capt. Plunket was dashing around among the so- 
called intruders, crj'ing out, "Surrender, you rebels," or words to that effect, 
at the same time brandishing a large sweird and threatening instant annihila- 
tii.n tu nil who might daro to make any show of resistaue-e. It was a very 
dariiiL' lial, but wa^ quickly and most efhcie-iitly ijerlormed. The result was 
tliiii ( ':ipi. I'kiiikii and hi- '.Lnipiiiiv .■aj.tiired the enemy, and both parties 
c'iiiiLi il.uMi h. riiilli-i]iiai]iii-, iinil '■iiii..-ii>l iliem gilt on a drunk,"Avhen Wm. 
M:ir|:i\ :iiiii :, -.rvLiiii ]ii:in by iln; luiiin' uf .bijin Ray jmcked the guns into a 

After the- death of hU wiie-. Dr. Plunket employed Betty Wyley as hpuSB- 
keeper during the remaining yeai-s eif his life. 

He died in Sunbury, in 1«0]. ha\-ing been blind for several years pre- 
vious, during which time be had ropes stretched around his yard for a guide 
and support. His remains were interred in the old Sunbury burying-ground. 

lull i I I I il\ tiken pii«onei b\ the Indians At 

about li I 1 I h t III II tl I ii tnnd a laige tiee that bou excellent 
plum= m m < jien [1 t ,1 uml neii whtt 1- mm called the Blrndy 

Spung Lieut S Vtlee isumit-l I. hn Ulce C d . f Mu-keti\ Battih.n 
and taken pii-onei at Long I-Iand) and nn elf ine dai took a walk 1 1 this 
tree to gitliei plum- While we weie tbeie 1 part\ ol Indians la\ a shoit 
distanee honi u- (uneealed 111 the tJiicket and had ue uh gotten between us 
andtheloit wheu a - Idiei beljnging to a hulhek jjuaid not lai liom us 
came to the ■spring to dunk The Indians were theieln in dangei ol being 

)\ered, aud lu con-equence thereof hrcd at and kdled the "soldiei, bj 

J the Port in much less ti 

which inciuis wc got oft 1 
were coming out 

It IS lyiid that tlie blood of thi^ unfoi tun 
and colored it- waters a eiim-on hue and il 
in commemoration of thi'' tragieal e\ ent 
and man> euiious legends aie related' eonccrmng 1 

Giant farm noi\ owned b\ Mib AViilmm I Grenough The peculiar locks 
around the spring have been distuibed in building the inihoad, and miitli of 
itt- romantic beaut\ 1-5 h "t 

^^'^lethel theie wis more than^thi'! 
account upon reeord fins single 1 
and it is supposed tliau it done ga\e 
tiful legend is peilia[i- « irth pie^eiM 

lan down into the spung, 
med lhe"Blood^ Spung, 
this da^ , 
I the original 

udered heie theie is 
I authenticated howeM 
nc The following ben 



Ii iiHii l>in\iDf, ground nas located at the upper end ofSuu 
Ir d« iinri toi iiu[,ht we kii i\ thousands of 
I ^ri^Ur mtimemmicmoiml \ eiire it\ei 

^''^■*^''" "I lai^rcqutiiititie-U InJiinrolico md im 

piemen! I l ne-Initchet pipe Hanipuni et< tlnt\\cie 

displncel Ij lli i,u\y li 1 t m tlic mei wIulIi «u hed a«a\ the binU 
Skeleton'! too in an upright po itiou nere thus L\humed in great numheiv 

The spot \*as doubtless chosen hecaii«e rt it adaptition to their religious 
belief and lu that light was lull of meaning and highlj romantic The hict 
that It was on a neck ot laud around which the watera formed a semi tiicle, 
the farthest to the west, made it seem like a favored point, from which their 
spirits could sail to then- fancied hunting-grounds, in the regions of the setting 
sua. Standing tliero, they could imagine the spirits of their loved ones 
passing away, over the river, until the shadows of Blue Hill and the over- 
hanging sycamores of the west branch, hid tliem everlastingly from human view. 

The hills around Shaniokin in various places hear marks of having been 
excavated, but for what purpose it is now impossible to divine, and nothing 
is left, but vague conjecture. It is alleged by some, that the Indians were 
possessed of the knowledge of the existence of some kind of miueml which 
they used in considerable quantities. 

P. B. JInsser, Esq., of Sunbury, describes the remains of what appeared 
to have been a small furnace,- covered by a mound, that was discovei-ed near 
the bloody spring. It was examined by him in 1854. The bed appeared to 
Lave beeu about six feet square and constructed of stone. It bore every 
ti-ace of having been subjected to the action of an intense fire, as the sand 
was baked and blacked in such a manner as not to be mistaken. On giving 
it a careful examination, several particles of gold was discovered, which he 
still retains in his possession. A tradition is presei-ved, that three English- 
men, at a very early period, came here and erected the furnace. 

The first surveys made for the Proprietaries were called Manors, in accord- 
ance with the custom established by William Penn, and continued by his 
sons, till the close of the Proprietary Government. 

The first survey ever made in this region was the Manor of Pomfret, 
including the laud on wliieli Sunbury now stands. It was surveyed on the 
19th day of December, 176S, and contnined 4,766 acres and alli)wance. The 
line started at the mouth of Stiliboupe Run; thence nnithHard 280 rods; 
thence over the Catawis.sT hills, eastward 844 rods; thence southward across 
the Shamokin creek, 400 rods; thence a little south of the creek, westward 
to the river, and then up the river to the place of beginning, including all 
the land from the mouth of Shaniokin Creek to Stillhouse Run, and eastward 
about two-and-three-fourtli miles. 

Tlie town of Sunbury was laid out by John Lukens, Surveyor-General of 
Pennsylvania, on, the secoud, third, and fourth daj's of July, 1772, on the 
level plain a mile south of Fort Augusta. Tlie firet house in this new town 
was erected that same year by Jlr. Lukens, and was a frame .structure, 
situated on tlie uyrth-we.--t corner of Market square. Soon alterward.-, another 
house was built by Williain JtacJay, of stone, which is still standing and is 
iu a good stat<; uf repair. It is located on the north side of Arch street, 
fr-ontiug that .-livrt ami Hr. liver. It is now occupied by S. P. Wolverton, Esq. 

The third h-n^v was hiiilt i.f logs on the south side of Market street, 
between Tliini nnd i'-niiiih street.-. The lot is now the property of Maclay 
Gearhart. At (hat lime, Mungo Reed resided on what was then called Sha- 
mokin Island, near the confluence of the two rivei-s, a ii?w yards above the 
fort. Thoinaa Grant, and Colonel Hunter, commandi-r of the flirt, lived on 
farms which they had taken u]* close by. Robert aiiirtluck, al^o. had a Jiirni 
here. These are considered among the fii-st boim Jide settlers at this point, 
who formed the nucleus aronud which tlie other emigrants clustered. 

In 1772, according to the best and most reliable iuformlition obtainable, 
there was hut one lioiise where Sunburj- now stands; one at Fort Augusta ; 
one at the Grant tiirms; one at Sbamokin Island; one at Northumherland; 
and hut four between that point and where Milton now stands, ivliere there 
■was one. Between Milton and Jluncy hills there were six families, and not 


1 the r 

The follow ing coire&pondence e\plai 

I t III ^unbur\ are 
h ha\c taken 

loL* mn. nn la t Rttti t \ ii n tU I II hkmi e Jeter- 

All the tukct'^which I hnesif^ntd are dalul il !ul\ h t mid hjiildlcon- 
tmue to grant moie unleai I alteic I the date tliercwoull be i manifest 
inconsistence in them with regard to the time ot patonling 

'■cllmg )t the I land nor iaung 

all the leave I could desire, as it will not l)y anv means interfere wi'th hiii_, 
hut I think it beat not to meddle with it without at least acquainting you of 
It. I have enclosed the fees of entrance which I received from the pei-sons 
meutioued in the list. 

"As to the affair of dividing your hind on Chillisqiiaqnc, I never intended 
to make any charge respecting it; nor will I. I am very sensible of more 
im])ortant services which you have i-ciiderod me, and am onlj- sorrj- that the 
id every other |)crson's expectations 

■, with 


> ago mentioned to yoi 

e of my letters my desire 

1 of 

3 the t 

Jacob Haveriing, a mill-carpciitcr,has ofiered tobemv 
partner and undertake the building, and as I now have some money which I 
eould spare, I am strongly inclined to join him if the inill-seat could be pro- 
cured. I must question ^vhether it will be in your favor to give me the an- 
swer which would be most agreeable relating to this matter, and indeed 
would not have troubled you ivith this, liad it not been at the pressing in- 
stance of the person who proposes the partnei-ship. I apprehend fifty acres 
would answer the pui-pose, including the mill-seat, and if such a thing would 
be agreed on as to let me have it, I would send down the price of it to Jlr. 
Physick immediately. But as the burthen of advancing tlie money will be 
entii'cly on myself, I woidd have the grant only to myself If convenient, I 
would be glad of a line from you, or a message by the bearer. 

"A considerable number of people are very urgent to get lots in Sunburj', 
and some of them are here with their families who would build immediately. 
I have prevented some of them from going down by telling them that "I 
would, by this opportunity-, write do^vn for leave to grant any of those lots 
which have never heretofore been gninted. A great number of houses are 
bnildmg, and many more would if workmen could be got. 

"Vast numbers of people are daily crowding up, and we are happy in the 

pleasing prospect of having our vallevs tilled with inh 
markably the ease with prospect to the west bi-anch. But al; 
an east branch, too, which tlu-ows a damp 


always last. I am in haste and with the ii 

" Your much obliged and humble servant, 
James Tilgliain, Esq. Wm. Maclay." 

In Sunbury, was opened by William Dewart, in 1775, in a log building, ou 
Chestnut street, between Second street and Center alley, on the site of the 
present residence of Miss Ann Billingtrm. He afterwards purchased a lot on 
Market street, where lie erected a store and residence. 

Mr. Dewart was born in Ireland, iu 1740, and emigrated to this country 
in 1765. He died in 1S14. 

Was kept by Judge Shaffer, who opened a public house as early as 1793, on 
the corner of Front and Spruce streets, near the old ferry. The building 
was a two-storj' log structure, and contained four or five rooms. 

.■■as John Beitzel, who came from Chambersburg and opened the busin 
1 what is now Front street, somewhere down town. He altonvards caiT 
1 the business in the county jail, where he was put for bigamy. 


Tlie first court ivithiii tlifi present limits of Sunbury, was held at Fort 
Augusta, April 9tii, 1772, before Judge William Pluubet and his associate 
justices. Tliis whs (lie " Court of the Private Sessions of the Peace," and 
was held under the auspices ol' the English government. It was called in 
the twelfth year of the reign, and by the authoritj' of George the Third, by 
the grace of God, King of Great Britian, France, and Ireland, defender of 
the faith, etc. 

Twelve judges were apiiointed to hold court, but only six of them, to wit: 
William Plunket, Samuel Hunter, Caleb Graydou, Thomas Lemon, Robert 
Moodie, and Benjamin AVeiser, then appeared, and were sworn in and took 
their seats as judges. Eight lawyers were at the same time sworn in as at- 
torneys of said court, to wit: James Wilson, Robert Magraw, Edward Burd, 
George Noarth, Chrbtian Hoake, James Potts, Andrew Robeson, and Chas. 
Steadraan — the three last named having been first examined in the usual 
form, touching their fitness to practice law as attorneys of said court. Ed- 
ward Burd was the fiist Prosecuting Attorney, and William Maclay the 
first Prothonotarj' of the County-. The judges were equal to each other 
in authority, but William Plunket, the first one named in their commis- 
sion, acted as the President of the Court George Nagel, then high sheriff 
of Berks County, acted as the sheriff of Northumberland County, until 
his place was supplied by William Cook, who was the first regular sheriff 
of our County. John Brady was the foreman of the first Grand Jury, 
which sat at Fort Augusta, in August, 1772. 

The vault of the old fort was used as a jail. The first suit was James 
Patton vx. James Gaily ; Magaw, for plaintiff, and Wilson and Noarth, for 

The first jury trial was William Simpson vs. Cornelius Atkinson, verdict 
for defendaut in ejectment. 

Among the early suitors, were Cbristiau Gundy, ancestor of the late Super- 
intendent of Schools, in Union County va. Lodwick Derr, owner of a farm 
where Lewisburg now stands, afterwards called Deerstown, then Lewisburg. 

The first deed was recorded June 8th, 1772, in Deed Book A, page 1. 
William Lee to S. Young and William Giffin, for 300 acres of land of Penn's 
Creek. ■ It was acknowledged before Esquire Hunter, at Fort Augusta. 
The deeds recorded smce have filled ti3 volumes. 

The first mortgage was recorded August 31st, in Deed Book A, page 7. 
William Scull to Edward Biddle and otiiers, covering 154i acres where 
Northumberland now stands. 

The first letters of administration were granted to Magdalena Welant, on 
the estate of her husband, Michael Welant. dec'd., on the 18th day of De- 
cember, 1772. 

The first will recorded was on the 4th day of August, 1774, by Joseph 
Rotten. The mtnesses to this will, were James McCoy and Samuel Mather. 
Mr. Rotten gave his eldest daughter a bed and a black cow. 

The first motion made in Sunbury court was to divide Northumberland 
Connty into townships. In pursuance of which, it was divided into Penn, 
Augusta, Turbut, Bufihlo, Bald Eagle, Muncy, and Wyoming. Out of these 
seven townships have since been taken twenty-six of the counties of the 
State. The fii-st constable in Augusta township, then includiug Sunbury, 
was Alexander Grant. 

The firet road petition was for a highway leading from here to Muncy. 
The first licenses for the sale of intoxicating drink were granted in 1776— 
nine in number. The first Commonwealth suit brought in Sunbury court, 
was the King vs. Thomas Williams, alius Thomas Adams, for larceny. The 
second and third suits were against the same man for the same ofience. He 
plead not giilll;/, but the jury thought he was mistaken, and he was sentenced 
in each case to return the stolen projierty, to pay a fine of five pounds, and 
receive over his bare back at the commons whipping-post twenty-one lashes, 
and stand committed in the magazine of the Ibrt until the sentence was com- 
plied with. Tlie whippings were ordered ibr the 30th of September, and the 
lataud 2d of October, 1772. This was a prescription on the cumulative 
plan, and might have been very unpleasant for Thomas, had he not managed 
to break jail. 

The firet Prothonotarj', Repster and Recorder, (then one oflice,") was AVil- 
liam McClay. He was also the lir«t repre^piitntivo in C„nfiT(^^ irnni North- 
umberland County-. The fir^l Siii.riir wa- Williiuu ( 'unk. Tlir- fi.-st Treas- 
urer was Alexander Hunter. T\n'iW~i i'lMiifl AUnn„-vxM,> E<lwanl Burd. 
Hunter was also the lirrit rcpri-^uniiuiv.' in iln- Li-,L'i-laiuiv <d Pc'iiTisylvanm. 

In 1778, the massacre at WiliiamspDrl uwm-r^d, and the people came 
pouring into Sunbury from all the regions above. Men were shot or toma- 

hawked, women scalped alive, and children killed or carried into the wilder- 
ness. The Sunbuiy people received those who escaped, and provided for 
them as best they could. Colonel Broadhead, ivith one hundred and forty 
men came to their relief. 

On the 8th of August, 1778, James Brady, son of Captain John Brady, 
ivas brought to his mother's house in Sunbury, having been scalped below 
Williamsport, by an Indian whose name lie gave. His brother afterwadre 
killed the Indian on the AUeglieny. In the same or the following year, 
Robert Lyon was sent with a canoe loaded with stores up to Wyoming. 
There were some very pretty daughters of a Mr. Fisher, living at Fishing 
Creek, and Robert, forgetting that he was captain of the first grand inland 
and international line of connnunication up the north branch, left his boat 
and cargo at the water's edge, and went to see the girls! lu this way many 
a young man has got himself into trouble, and Robert was not an exception, 
for the Indians came and took him to Erie and made him run the gauntlet. 
He there fell into the hands of a British officer who proved to be a long-lost 
brother, and was released. On the 28th of July, 1779, one hundred British 
Regulars and two hundred Indians took Fort Freeland, under John Lyttle. 
Captain Boon, ^vitli the ChillLsquaque Rangers, went to their relief and were 
captured, and ever)- post north of Sunbury fell into the enemy's hands. The 
excitement here was great, and tales of butchery and horror came from every 

The following e 

t from the Sessions Docket of August, 1784, will be 

of i 

Respublica 1 Indictment for Felony. Defendant arraigned, 
vs. > plead not gniUy. A jury of the country 

Jos. DiSBBRRY. J being called, same to wit: 

Peter Hosterman, Adam Grove, Geo. Shaffer, Philip Frick, John Har- 
rison, Micliael Grove, William Clark, Adam Christ, Robert Irwin, Paul 
Baldy, John Shaffer and Alexander M. Grady, who, being duly elected, tried 
and Severn upon their oaths, respectively do say that Joseph Disbury is guilty 
of the Felony whereof he stands indicted. 

Judgment— that the said Joseph Disberry receive thirty-nine lashes be- 
tween the Iiours of eight and six o'clock, to-morrow ; to stand in the pillory 
one horn- ; to have his ears cut off' and nailed to the post ; to return the prop- 
erty stolen or the value thereof; remain in prison three months ; pay a fine of 
thirty pounds to the Honorable the President of this State for tlie support of 
the government, and stand committed until fine and fees are paid. 

At February Sessions, 1785, Patrick Quinn was sentenced to receive 
"twenty-one lashes on his bare back at the common whipping-post, on Fri- 
day the 20th day of February, 1780, at nine o'clock in the morning, for 
stealing a tow linen shirt of the value of ten shillings." 

In 1781, the Lee family were scalped and tomahawked in Dry Valley. 
Lee was brought to Sunbury in a dying condition. Two soldiers from the 
fort while acting as carriei-s in bearing his remains to the grave, commenced 
quarreling and finally began to kick each other under the coffin. Colonel 
Huuter quelled the disturbance by seizing a whip and lashing them over the 

The last white man killed near here by the Indians Vvas a Mr. Taylor, on 
Shamokin Creek. 

The following is a copy of petition filed in the Archives at Harrisburg: 
To iJie Honorable the EepTesentation of the Freetnen of the State of Peiimyl- 

vania, in General Assembly met at Pkiladetphia the twenty-second day of 

October, A. D. 1787. 

The petition of the subscriber, an inhabitant of the town of Sunbury, in 
the county of Northumberland, and State of Pennsylvania, most humbly 

Tliat there was a grant made by the Honorable Thomas Penn and Richard 
Penn, Esqs., unto Robert King his executors, administrators and assigns by 
their patent, bearing date the 14th of August, 1772, for the keeping a ferry 
over the main river of Susquehanna, at the town of Sunbury, in said county, 
and the said patent being conveyed by Robert King to Adam Haverliog, 
on the 30th of Novendier, A. D. 1773, and by tlie said Adam Haverliug 
conveyed unto Stophel Getting, on the 17th day of April, 1775, and by the 
said Stophel Getting conveyed unto Abraham Dcwitt. on tiie 9th day of 
October, 1779, and by Eleanor Dewitt (Alias Culderii), admini.stratrix of 
Abraham Dewitt, deceased, conveyed untu your pclilioncr, on the 25tii day 
of October, 17—, and as he hatli watei- cralt made on purpose for said ferry 



before there was any on Suubury side, and now Imtli sufficient craft in good 
order, and having the riglits as transferred by sundrj' recitals, and is in pence- 
able possession, therefore luimbly requests of yonr honorable body to grant 
him the privilege of keeping said ferry upon the terms your lienors shall 
think just and reasonabie for a term of yeai-s, and your petitioner as in duty 
bound, will pray. John Lyons. 

We, the under-named subscfibei-s do certify that the above petitioner, 
Jolin Lyon, hath had snid terry some time in possession, and that he hath 
attended to the same regularly, and liath kept his ivnter craft in good order, 
our honors to grant his request, and you will 
obedient humble servants : 

We therefore request of 
oblige, gentlemen, your mo; 
Jas. Crawford, 
Wm. Bonham, 
Benjamin Lyon, 
Jas. Buchiinan, 
Daniel Reese, 
James Davidson, 
Wra. D. Brady, 
Robert Wilson, 
Benjamin Lewis, 
John Harrison, 
Wm. Adam, 
Daniel Sheealey, 
Chas. Gobiu, 
Wm. Geary, 
Wm. Slurdock, 
Joseph AVallis, 
John Watson, 
Henry Landei-slic 

Daniel Montgomery, 
Samuel Wallis, 
James McCune, 
Abraham McKini 
Enoch Skeer, 
Jacob Anderson, 
John Kidd, 
JoJm Mend, 
Henry Lebo, 
Augustus Stouer, 
John Bell, 
John Black, 
Geo. Wolff, 
Jack Robins, 
John Young, 
Jacob Keberling, 
Daniel Beatty, 
Robert Coldern, 

The early stages to Harrisburg crossed the river here by ferry, weut doivn 
the west side to Montgomery's Ferry, two-nnd-one-half miles below Liver- 
pool, and there re-crossed. After the completion of the Centre turnpike, the 
stages went over the town hill to Reading and Philadelphia, hetug just a 
week on the round trip to Philadelphia and return. The semi-aniuial meet- 
ing of the Board of Directors of this old pike is still kept up, and a little of 
that convival business so important to the inspii'ation of old memories and 
good fellowship, is.still transacted. 

The following advertisement from an old paper refere to one of the firet 

"DEGS leave to inform the public, that after the fii-st day of October next, 
J—' his Stage mil leave Reading every Wednesday afternoon, and arrive 
in Hamburgh, alias Carter'stowu, the same evening ; from whence it will 
proceed on Thui-sday moniiug, and arrive in Sunbury, on Friday at 12 
o'clock. On the Saturday, following, it will return to Readmg, to anive 
there oil Sunday aflernoon. 

Passengers going to Philadelphia, are requested to take notice, that JMr. 
Coleman's Stage will leave Reading every Monday morniug for that city. 

From the best infonimtiou obtainable, it seems that this piece of ordnance 
was brought from Fort Harris, (now Harrisburg,) and placed upon the ram- 
parts of Fort Augusta, in the year 1772. From there it was taken to Fort 
Muncy, where it remained until 1774, when it was brought back to Augusta. 
In the year 1775, wJicn Colonel Hunter was ordered, with his command, to 
report at Harris Ferry, the cannon was ordered to be spiked and thrown 
into the river, which was done, when the fort was evacuated. lu 1798, it 
was taken from the river by George and Jacob Mautz, Samuel Hann, and 
Henry Shoop. Several cords of iiickory \n>ud ivcre burneil in taking the 
temper out of the file, with which it was spiked, so that it could be drilled 
out. In 1824, it was stolen from tlic river bank, at Sunhnry, l»y citizens of 
Selinsgrove, then Union County, and liiddeii away in Mr. Becker's cellar, and 
in 1825, George Weiser, Esq., of Sunbury, jiaviiig business in Selinsgrove, by 
some means discovered Avhere it was hidden, hriljcd the maid, wlio was also 
from Sunbury, to have the cellar door unlocked, and the dog removed from 
the jtremises, when a coiH])auy from Sunbury, consisting of George Hileman, 

John Epley, John Weaver, John Pickering, James AleCormick, Jacob 
Diehl, and others, went to Selinsgrove on the night of the 3d of July, with 

a good wagon, and a fast team of horses, took the cannon from the cellar, 
and sUirted for Sunbury; and ivhen a short distance above the Penn's Creek 
bridge, they fired a few round.s, tlius raising the ahirni in Selinsgrove; and, 
as they ex]ieetcd to be pureucd, tliey hun-ied up in double quick time, crossed 
the river in a flat that was in readiness, hurried up to tlie hotel, then kept by 
John Weaver, at the corner of Third and Market streets, in the stone build- 
ing now owned by Wm. H. Miller, carried it up to the attic, placed a bed 
over it, on which Josepli Eisely, then a boy fourteen years of age, who was 
bar-keepor at the hotel, slept until morning, when it was brought down and 
used at the celebration that day (July 4th.) Dr. Jlorris composed an appro- 
priate poem on the subject, which was sung at the celebration, and was after- 
wards published in one of the papers. It was said that Mr. Becker killed 
liis dog the next morning, when he discovered the loss of the cannon. In 
1830, it was stolen by citizens of New Berlin, then Union County, named 
Charles Awl, Samuel Kesler, Charles Baum, Elias Hummel, Jlichael Kleck- 
ner, Tliomas Hallabush, Samuel Winter, and Thomas Getgen. After some 
time, George and Ezekiel FoUmer, and Jacob Keeier, went to that place to 
recover it. They returned without accomplishing anything, save the sprain- 
ing of Keeler's back, by the brejiking and falling of the platform on which 
the cannon was placed. Tlie next tall, a party of men headed by George 
Prince, went over and cajitured t!ic trophy. In 1833, some persons fr'om 
Selinsgrove, pretending to have a claim, came and captured it. It remained 
in that place until July -hh, 1834, when Dr. R. H. Awl, Oiarles Eiuehart, 
H. A. Simpson, Edivard Lyon, George Mahan, Peter Zimmerman, Thomas 
McEwen, Jerry Mantz, Jacob and John Rheichtiue, and Weiser Zeigler, 
laid a plan to re-capture it. 

Two of the boys were sent to Selinsgrove in disguise, to find where the 
cannon was hid, at night, which they found no difficulty in doing. They 
all met at the red bridge tliat night, stole a horse from Mrs. Ehinehart, and 
a wagon from Hugh Bellas, loaded the cannon, stole the ferry-flat, crossed 
the river, and started on their way to Sunburj-, One of the hoys stole a 
keg of powder, and at daybreak, on the 5th of July, opened fire, on tlie river 
bank, in front of Esquire Levy's residence. Mi". Levy became very enthu- 
siastic over the rictoiy; so much so, that at evening, when there was danger 
of being attacked by Union County, he came out with musket and drawn 
sword, and offered to command the defense, but the assaulting party failed 
to appear. In 1849, about thirty young men from Danville, undertook to 

Jerry Hall. ..1 ^m ■ I, i- ih.-a clerk in the Danville post-office, 
leaniini; the i-I.^' I ' - i ..nfi^ratud a lini>e belonging to Dr. 

UpdeLtialf. ;iinl \ ' . - , ,.;,. the Diiiiville pu-t-master, and pre- 

vailed uiu.ri ( 'lirii. r, I i-i . . , _ i -iinhury, in Ii«?te, bi-aring a letter from 
said Hall t.> H. D Wliarimi, iiuiitying him of tbeplot. Mr. AVharton noti- 
fied Captain C. J. Bruner, who iva.« commander of the forces, which num- 
bered some half-dozen men. The Sunhnry people rallied their forces, and 
placed pickets on duty. The cannon was in the cellar of the house adjoining 
the old ferry-house, then occupied by Benjamin Krohu. Wm. B. Martin 
had the jwst of honor, being in front of the house. When the Danville 
party presented their appearance, they were surprised to find that they had 
been outgeneraled. They were advised to retire, and get out of town as soon 
as possible, otherwise some of them might return feet foremost. Mrs. Ki-ohn 
and several other ladies, had their weapons in good condition — said weapons 
consisting of several kettles of boiling w-ater. 


There were, in 1794, three stores in Sunbury. One kept by Wm. Dewart, 
grand-father of Hon. Wm. L. Dewart, on the spot now occupied by the conl- 
ofiice of James Boyd & Co. ; another by John Buyers, grand-father of Capt. 
John Buyei-s, on the lot south of tlie three-story JlcCarty building; and the 
third by James Black, grand-father of Hon. John B. Packer, two lots liir- 
ther north. The house in which I. T. t'lcnunis ,u.\\ live:-, was built tor a 

hotel in 17fl(), by Jame.^ Smith, graud-lhili^'i ■■! il.. |.i. ]M,-i-master, John 

J.Smith. There had been a huildin- i;, , . i.,,, years earlier, 

but in the attempt to burn shaviuj^- i[i ■ . ii'm-.- done a little 



and a 



■thv lai] 




nb, dui'k 

■ weiv no liiiili.iioirs "" ilie Mnith A-h: <.<t' Market square, 
It aini" Ini, tViiiii our present courthouse to the old 
iiiioil ill,' <;„> factory aud northward was covered with 
lid gLiLjii'-viiie.-^, with occasional pools of water full of 
. Tlie basin lots were full of hushes, logs, bogs and frogs. 



Tlie ivell nt Neff"s Hotel ivns dug in 1794, five years before the deatli of 
Washington. The Donnel House was once a hotel, where"iiews much older 
than their nie «eut rouud," nnd where John G. Yuuugmnn, father of the 
present editor of tlic Gazelle, put up \\hen he first came to .Sunbun-. There 
■was once a still-house where Dr. Haupt's house now stnnds. A tan-yard 
where the old Markle House stands. Mr. Daniel Bojjar, lived in a log- 
house where John Haas now resides, and liad a pottery on the next lot east 
of his dwelling. An old hotel, afterwards the old barracks, stood near tlie 
south-west corner of Chestnut and Front streets. The old Pleasant's House 
was once a jail, with plank uii-endcd behind it for a jail-yard. 

There were in those day:- spirit-knockings, or spooks, and people enough 
who believed that hobgoblins were a necessarj- part of God's eeononiy. Old 
Becca Gorman lived in a liauiited house near the William Penn House, and 
was herself regarded as the incarnation of things mysterious. The old whip- 
ping-post stood in fi-ont of the old court house, near the market house, 
which was a struetui-e about eighty ieet long, and twenty wide, standing 
upon pillars of brick. The old stone-house of Miss Weitzell was the hotel 
at wbieh the Supreme Judges stopped. Drumheller's old hotel was built in 
1796, at which time they raised the sign of a buck. The first camp-meeting 
was held in Chillisquaqne in 180G, which Judge Jordan attended when a lit- 
tle boy. A man named Jones was once hung on tlie galloivs erected between 
the dam aud the old ferry, ibr murdering a man named Lary, at Cattawissa. 
Another man named Armstrong, was hung about a yejir later at the same 
place tor felony. They were buried near two linden-trees, and a Sunbury 
doctor stole their hones. The gallows rotted away, these being the only 
cases of capital punishment in the County. 

The following is the fir^^t .-ection of (be Act of IneoriioratioD, of the Borough 
of Sunbury, passed March 'J4th, 17117. 

"SixTiuN I. Be it f>i'i''f>-(l hij Uf S, „.,lp imd House of Rqiresmi^tives of 
the Cmnmoiiiveitftli of PnuMjUwiio, hi (Icieral Axseinbly viet, and it w hereby 
enacted by the niithority of llic mine. That the town of Sunbury shall be, and 
the same is hereby erected into a borough, which shall be called "the 
Borough of Sunbury," forever; the extent of which said borough is and 
shall be comprised within the I'ollowing boundaries, to wit: Beginning nt 
the mouth of SImnmkin Creek, where it empties into the river Susquehanna, 
at low water-mark; thence up the said creek, on the north side theieof, to 
the mouth of the gut; thence upthesame, on the west side thereof, to the line 
of Samuel Scott's land; and by the same to the liver aibresaid, at Io« water- 
mark; thence down the same river, at low water-mark, to the place of be- 

Between 1794 and 1800, the fii-si founty buildings (now torn do^Ti.) viz: 
The old Court House, Prothuiintarv's nIHce, Commissionei-s' office, and 
Register and Recorder's offices, wurc Imill. Tliey were very substantial and 
neat two-story brick buildings for their day. The three offices jnst named 
were all under one and the same roof, and occupied the whole front or 
northern part of the present spacious court house ground. The old court 
house stood in the center of the puldic square, immediately in front and 
north of our old county offices. It was built about the year 1797. All the 
records that refer to it are lost, e.'icept some orders ibr money in compensa- 
tion for services, signed by John AVeitzel. There is a book containing the 
records of orders, which are contiimed from the minute-book, but said min- 
ute-book cannot lie ibund, neither contract !br building. So that we are un- 
able to present anything farther on the subject. It was here, in these old 
departed brick structures, that the distiiignislied departed lawyers. Bratlford, 
Hall Belhu", Grecnough, Hepburn, Packer, Donnell, ami others displayed 
an industry, learning, and eloquence that made them famous not only at 
home but abroad. 

The contract for building this edifice 
0th, 1865, in the sum of S!i7.(i(ii|. I'>, 
ing: The building i> ••!]<; Iiiiiniiril : 

inches thick, and the intL-rmi'iliiili; wal!>, al.-n of I. rick, two fwt six inches 
thick. The walls of the cellar are of a good quality of quarry building- 
stone ; it is eight feet deep in the clear, and contains three heatct? tor heating 

the whole building ; they are from the manufactory of Matzinger & Bros., 
Philadelphia. It also contains coal rooms, etc. The tiret story is twelve 
feet from floi)r to lluoi, aud coiitjiiii- the office* of Pnithonntary, Register 
and Recorder, Trea-ur.-i, Counfy < ■, SheriH". and an arbitration 
room, each' of which, \;ith the ex^'L-ption i>f the Phcritl"s office, cimtanis a 
fire-proof vault in \^hi,■h the records and valuable documenl.- are kept. On 
the second floor is the court room, which is twenty-eight feet high in the 
clear. The bar and seat of justice ai'e finely finished in ash and walnut, and 
the other portions of tlie room in an imitation of oak. The work is neatly 
done and refiect.s credit upon its builder. Tliore is also upon this floor, jury- 
rooms, nitn ess-rooms, etc. ' The tower upon the north-west corner b about one 
hundred ami twenty-five feet high. It contains a clock of the best manu- 
facture, which lias lour dials. 

On the 21st of March, 1772, the Colonial Legislature provided for the 
erection of Northumberland County, with judges, coui-ts, etc., for the gov- 
ernment of its own internal afiaii-s. The fifth section of this act declared 
that the said " courts shall, fi'om and atter the publication of this act, sit aud 
he hold tor the said County- of North umbeflarid, on the fourth Tuesday in the 
months of May, August, November and February, in every year, at Fort 
Augusta, until a court house shall he built; and when the same is built and 
erected in the county aforesaid, the said several courts shall tjjen be holden 
and kept at the said court house on tlie days hetbre mentioned." 

The same act also declared that AVilliam Maclay, Samuel Hunter, Johu 
Louden, Joseph Wallis, and Robert Moodie, or any three of them should 
have authority to view the grounds and fix on a site for the building of a 
court bouse and jail, in and for Northumberland County, aud purchase the 
said ground or grounds subject to the approval of the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania. (Section 1, Smith's Laws, 3{>7-H.l 

1773, April 2. — William Maclay, wlio was the fii-st Prothonotary aud 
Register aud Recorder of our Nortluimberlaiid County courts, in a letter of 
this date wTitten from Fort Augusta to James Tilghman, of Philadelphia, in 
regard to a jail for our County, saj-s : "Sir, I enclose to you a letter from 
three of the Trustees for the public buildings of tliis County respecting some 
measures which we have lately fallen on to rescue ns from the scandal of 
living entirely without any place of confinement or punishment for villains. 
Captain Samuel Hunter had address enough to render abortive every at- 
tempt that was made last summer (1772) for keeping a regular jail, even 
after I had been at considerable expense in fitting up this magazine (at Fort 
Augusta) under which there is a small but complete dungeon. I am sorry to 
inform you that he has given our present measures the most obstinate resist- 
ance in his power aud impeded us with every embarrassment in the compass 
of his invention. We know nothing of the footing (authority) on which 
Captain Hunter lias possession of these buildings, and only beg that the 
Countv may be accommodated with this old magazine vtitli the addition pro- 
posed to be made to it, and with the house in which I now live to hold our 
court in, I have repaii-ed the house in which I now live, but expect to have 
an bouse ready to remove to in Sunbury before our November court. As 
the present repairs are done entirely by subscription you ^vill readily guess 
that CaptJiio Hunter is not among the number of subscribers. As there are 
many pieces of old iron, etc., which formerly belonged to the fort, not of any 
use at present, the Trustees propose using any of them wdiich can be con- 
verted to any advantage for grates, etc., for our temporary Goal, unless they 
receive contrary directions from Philadelphia." — (See Penu'a Archives, vol. 
4, pages 462-3.) 

The James Tilghman here noticed, was then Secretary of the Colony or 
Province of Pennsylvania, and so the proper person for William Maclay to 
write to touching this "old Magazine's Dungeon," and "the additions pro- 
posed to be made to it," as "a place of confinement for villains." 

As there ap})ears nothing in the Pennsylvania Archives, or in the 
Colonial Records denj'ing this retinest of Prothonotary Maclay, and his two 
associate trustees, it may be inferred that he aud they, by leave of the Pro- 
vincial Council of Pennsylvania, made additions to the magazine of Fort 
AugustJi to answer ihe purposes of a tcmporarj' county jail. 

On July 2:}d, 1774, the Cofonial Legislature now passed "An Act for lend- 
ing the sum of .C^OO to the County of Northund)er]and for building a Court 
House and Prison in said County." (See 10 Col. Rec. 197-8 aud 1 Smith's 
Laws XIV.) Wc have already seen that Capt. S. Hunter was one of the 
trustees appointed by the Provincial Council at Philadelphia for purchasing 
ground and erecting a court house aud juil ibr Northumberland County; 
but Capt. Hunter was also in 1772, and for some yeai^ afterwards, the com- 



mandei- of Fort Augusta, aurl for some renson imkuown to us, resbted 
Maclnyand his colleagues iii making use of the Fort's magazine and dun- 
geons as a place for confioing and puuisIuDg- criminals. But in 1775 
and 1776, lie. Hunter, united with JMaclay in building the first regular jail 
of Northumberland Couuty. 

For in Jlarcb, 1775, Samuel Hunter, William Mnclay, and Robert Moodie, 
conunenced the buildiug of "a new jail in Sunbury," as their orders upon 
Alexander Hunter^ the first Traisurei- of Northumberland County, for the 
payment of materials furnished, and work done, clearly sliow. Anti these 
same ordei-s, or vouchers, also show that the said Hunter, Jlachiy, and 
Moodie, among other things, ompli)ycd James Cliisuall to quarry tla- stone 
for said jail; Jolm Lee, to furnij>li the lime; John Harris, Pen., Paxton, 
(now Harrisburg,; to fm-uish the iron; Frederick Weymau, to supply the 
hinges, hooks, rivets, etc.; Joseph McL'arrell, Zachariah Robhis, and Conrad 
Plainer, to haul tlie stone, lime, scaffold-poles, etc. ; Henry Crawford and 
Robert Lenct, to do the stone-mason work; Wilton Atkinson, to lin the 
blacksmith work; and John Buyers and John Maclay, to do the carpenter 
work of said jail, which &eems to have been furnished in 1776. 

It was a atone and brick structure, one part being used for a court house, 
and the other for a prison. It was subsequently used, a portiim of it. for a 
printing-office, and still -later, the building served the purpose of a store and 

Though jnuch modified in appearance, the old structure is still .standing, 
and can be seen on the south side of JIarket sb'cet, corner of Centre alley. 
It is owned by Mi-s. Dr. Leiniiweaver, only surWving child of Charles Plea- 
sant. For many yeai-s it has been known as the " Pleasant House." Its 
original cost was about four thousand dollars. 

On March 10th, 1801, John Frick, Abraham M'Kinney, and Flavel Roan, 
the tlien ConimiKioners of Northumberland County, now met, and paid 
Evan R. Evans, a Sunbury lawyer of some note, four hundred and fit^y 
dollars, for Sunbury town lots Nos. 149 and 150, as the site for the buildiug 
of a county jail, being the ground where the new and third jail is in process 
of erection. These couuty commisaionera, at the same time, made a contract 
with Frederick Hawger aud ilathias App, for two thousand bushels of lime ; 
with Zacharias Robins, for five hundred perch of stone; and with George 
Deitz, to do all the mason work; and with Andrew Grove and Jacob Dorat, 
to do all the smith work on the jail, at ten cents per pound. This done, 
they authorized John Frick, of their own body, to sujieriutend the whole 
business of buildiug the sandstone jail and its yard-walls. 

On the 2d of November, 1802, the county commissioners agreed to allow 
the said John Frick six per cent, of all the monies that passed through his 
hands in said business, as a compensiition for hb time and services therein. 

On April 25tli, 1803, the commissioners paid John Frick, for the build- 
ing of said jail and its yard walls, as allowed by John Buyers, Daniel Mont- 
gomery, and Evan R. Evans, the auditors of hb accounts, the sum of 
86,856.30 ; percentage on same, 323.90 ; to which said auditor, on the Ist of 
August, 1804, added for stone not previously allowed said Frick, the further 
sum of 94.00. Total, 37,274.20. 

To the foregoing, if we add the cost of the lots, which was four hundred 
and fitly dollars, and allow about two hundred and seventy-five dollara for 
incidentals, it will bring the cost of the second jail up to eiglit thousand 
dollars, which is probably not far from being correct. 

In the Spring of 1876, the structure thtit constituted the second jail was 
torn down, and a new one ( third) commenced, oa the same site, on Second 

street, corner of Mulberrj- alley. 

The contract for its erection was awarded to Ira T. Clement, of Sunbury, 
in the amount of ninety-one thousand, six hundred aud thirty-six dollars. 
This is exclusive of the iron and water-pipes, which will probably cost some 
forty thousand dollai-s additional. It is estimated that the buildiug, when 
completed, will stand to the County in the amount of one hundred aud forty 
thousaud dollars. 

The building to-be two stories, with basenieut under entire building. A 
tower in front of centre. All of the exterior ivalls and those of the prison 
wings and internal to be built of stone. The front of building to be relieved 
■with dresscd-stone trinmiings. 

The first floor to be elevated above the pavement grade five feet seven 

The steps to, the entrance and tothe basement and the base of building to 
be of select stone, patent hammer circled. 

The front of building to he of select stone, first-class rook work, laid in 
Ashler courees. 

The guard wall, which is to enclose the entire balance of lot; facing on 
Second street tiro hundred and thirty (230), and one hundred and seventy- 
two feet (172) on Arch street, one hundred and seventy-two (172) on alley, 
and t\vo hundred and thirty (230; in rear, lea\'ing an eight (8) foot alley on 
line of lot. 

The main building fronting on Second street on centi-e of lot 
The main entrance opens into a vestibule foiu- feet by twelve (4x12), fivDm 
tbeut-e into a hall ten feet (10) wide. On the one side b the warden's 
ofhce, stair-hall, committee and turnkey's rooms. " 

The other side fitte<l up for family use — a parlor stair-lioll to second floor, 
dining-room and kitchen. 

On the tccoud tlnnr, three rooms on either side of hall, store-rooms, bath 
and water-closet, and stairs to third floor, and tank-room, which is to eon- 
tain two tanks of three thousand (3,000) gallons each, to receive the water 
from the steam-pump. The tanks supply the building throughout, including 
a ho=e outlet on each floor. 

The hall on Hm floor extends hack to an angular hall, from which opens 
the vestibule entrance to the corridoi^ of the pritou-wings, extending back 
ninety-six ( 06 ) feet, and fifteen { 15 ) feet wiile, with cells on either side. 

The corridor to be laid with fiag-stone The second tier of cells having 
ii-ou platforms thiee (3) feet wide, with stau^ of imi at each end. There 
are to'be twenty-three (23j cells on each floor of each wing. A laboratory, 
and six ( 6 ) large rooms for work-rooms, aud one for sick-room or hospital, all 
supplied witli water aud water-closets. 

One wing to l)e fitted with extra cells for penitentiary aud solitary confine- 
ment, and work-shops. The entire building arranged for summer and winter 
ventilation. To be licated by steam, by indirect radiation, from the boiler 
which is located in roar of the centre of building for that purpose; also, the 
pump, with all the steam arrangements and supplies, coal, etc. 

Basement under entire building, the part under centre buildiug to be fitted 
up ibr kitchen, bake-room, ond laundry, with sink, oven, rauge, and boiler, 
and sml-irnn heaters, etc., to be thoroughly drained to the river. 

The entire building to be fitted with all the most modern improved ar- 
rangements for prbon purposes. 

In the year 1744, occurred the first 'great flood of the Susquehanna, of 
wliich there is any record. Another took place in 1756, and one in 1772. 
Another called the "great pumpkin flood," took place in the fall of 1786, 
when a great invoice of pumpkins went down to Port Deposit. The spring 
of 1800, witnessed anothei- flood; also the 6th of August, 1814. Another in 
1847, and one again in 1865, of which some citizens may have some faint 
recollection, when the pigs "rummaged through the attics," and Sunbury 
wore the aspect of Venice with its gondolas. 

Again, in March, 1875, occurred a flood almost equal to the one in 1865. 
In it the bridge connecting Sunbniy'^with Lyon's Island was swept away. 

There are five lines of railroads centering in Sunbury, viz: flje Pliiladel- 
pbia and Erie, the Norlheru Central, Sliamokin Divbion Nortliern Central, 
Sunbury and Lewistown, aud Danville, Hazletou aud Wilkesharre railroads. 
These toads give unusual facilities for the shipment of goods in every direc- 
tions, and give Sunbury great advantages as a manufacturing center, 

Philadelphia and Erie Hailroad.— This road is leased aurl oi)erated by the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. It is two hiiiidred ami eighty-eight 





u liul 

■ \V:i 

.■ Div 


a I WiU 

with the Lo\ 

liamsport with the NortluTii (Vmial K:iilwav, and uiih ihr C:.!:!^!-^ Rail- 
road (P. & R. R. R. Le:>jce ) ; at Mih>.ii wiih ihc raiawi^a KLiilmad; at 
Lewisburg Junction with the Lfwi.--hurg Ceutrt- aud Spruce CrtL-k Kaiiroad; 
and at Northumberland with the Lackawanna aud Bloomsburg Railroad. 



The officers of the compaoy at Sunbury are : Jacob ShipmaD, passenger 
agent; H. F. Mauii, freight agent; N. F. Martz, baggage-master; Capt. 
Roach, depot^master. 

Northern Omfral Railway. — Tliis road extends from Sunbury to Balti- 
more, a distauce of oue hundred and thirty-eiglit miles. It connects with 
railroads diverging from Baltimore as follows; at Relay with tlie Western 
Maryland Railroiid; ut Hanover Junction with the Hanover Branch ; at 
York with the York Branch .il' the Pennsylvania Railroad ; at Harrlsburg 
with the Cumberland Vnlley, Peini-^ylvania nud Lebanon Valley Railroads; 
at Daupiiin with the SL-hnylkill and Susqueliaona Railroad ; at MUlereburg 
witli the Lykcn'b Viilluy Cual Railroad; at Tievorton Junction with tlie 
Mahonoy and Siianu.kin Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Raiboad; 
at Suuhnry with the Pliiladt'Iphia and Erie and Danville, Hazleton and 
'Wilkesba^■eRnilroalI,theSuuburyDi^'^sion of the Northern Central Railway. 
The officers of this i-ail\\ay at Sunbury are : Jacob Shipman, ticket agent; 
H. F. Mann, freight agent ;" N. F. Martz, baggage-master. 

Sunbury and Lcwifiowu Railroad. — This road is a branch of the Penn- 
sylvania railroad, and is operated by that company. It extends from Sun- 
bury to Lewistiiwn, a distance of fifty miles. 

Danville, Hazldon ami WUfccdbtirre Railroad. — This road, owned and 
operated by the Pennsylvania railroad, extends from Sunburj' to Tomhicken, 
where it eonnei'tri with the Lehigh Valley railroad. The officers are the 
same as tlie Philadelphia ami Erie. The road is a new one, but promises to 
become an important link iu the railroad system of the State. E. B. Westfall 
ia superintendent uf the Sunbury Division, embracing the D., H. and "W. 
and the Shamokin Branch. 

Is used by all the railroads centering in Sunburj'. It is an elegant brick 
strueture, located at Third and Areb street';, and was completed June 1, 
1872, at a coat of thirty-five thousand dollars. The first floor contains the 
ladies' and gentlemen's waiting-rooms, ticket-offices, telegraph-offices, bag- 
gage, mail, and express-rooms, station-master's and train-men's rooms, etc. 

The second floor is occupied by E. B. Westfall, superintendent of the Sun- 
bury Division, and by other officials who have their headquarters at this 

The railroad repair-shops located at Sunbury were constructed by the 
Sunbury and Erie Railroad Company, in 1864-5, They consist of machine- 
shop, car-shop, blacksmith-shop, boiler, and tin-shop, and round-house The 
Sunbury and Erie Company passing under the control of the Pennsylvania 
Raib-oad Company, they were occupied by this company in January, 1866, 
and became the headquarters of tJie motive-power department of the Eastern 
Division, Philadelphia and Erie Railroad. Frank Tliompaon, now general 
manager of P. R. R., was then Division-superintendent, and Thomas J. 
Hamer, master-mechanic. Since then considerable change has been made. 
In 1872 the D H and W R R and in 1873 the N C R R passed 
undei the control ol the P R R and their ihops at Sunbur> and Shamokin 
«ere tranfaferred here Ihtj are now the motne-power headquarters of the 
Eastern Di\ision of the Susquehanna «ith Thomas Gueker ot Williams 
port superintendent and of the Sunbur\ Dn ision ^\ ith E B Westfall of 
Sunburj supenntendent and are under the supcn i^ion ot W F Beardsl^ 
ma.-ter meehanie The number of men cmplojed in the different depirt 
mcnts centermg here J« as fjllowb Master mechanic one foremen four 
road foremen of enginei two btationar^ -en^ineer« one laborerb on coal 
platform mne car inspectors twentj two car cleaner- two watchmen 
four store-keeper one clerks three engine preparers ten engme 
cleaners eleven engineers aevcnt) one firemen '^e\ent) four machinists 
twenty three maehinistB helpers ten machiniatii apprentice* thirteen 
blacksmitlis fifteen blacksmiths helpers '-e\eutecn blacksmiths appren 
tices two boiler makers ten boilci makers helper- eight boder maketb 
apprentic&i one tinsmith unc tui niiths helper- one tinsmiths ap 
prentices one ejpr r tl i [| i niiths apprentice* one car 

penters lort\ three li 1 t il i painters fi-\c painten, ap 

prentices one lab i i i i i I |i jciator- nc Prom the fore- 
going li'-t it will b 1 1 ll It tl r 11 H employed tjur hundred and 
three men in the vanoui; departmentts ceutciing at the railroad 1r[ 

Chief burgess — John Bourne ; second burgess — W. I. Greeuough ; assist- 
int burgesses— W. H. Miller, John Bowen, J. A. Boyd, W. T. Grant; 

eonncilmcn — James Kirdiner, Andi-ew Hoover, G. B. Cadwallader, H. F. 
Mengas, W. C. Packer, diaries Gariuger, Qiarles Sensenbaeh, W. W. 
Moody ; town clerk — George Bucher ; boraugh collectoi- — Solomon AVeaver ; 
borough treasilrer— -N. S. Engel ; assessoi-a— S. Faust, Sr., Thomas G. Cooper; 
stieet-commissiouers — John Leeser, Samuel Savidge, M. A. Keefer, Jeremiah 

Tlic regular meetings of the Borough Council arc held at the council 
chambei", over the engine-house on Chestnut street, uear Third, on the firet 
Tuesday evening of each month. 

at Sunbury, Pa., is located on Third street, between Market and Chestnut 
streets. The building is of brick, three stories in height, hventy-one feet 
front, forty-three feet iu depth and is lighted by gas. The interior design 
was executed by the Yale Lock Manufacturing Company, of Stamford, 
Conn., and cost two thousand one hundred dollars. It is one of the most 
convenient and ornamental structures of the kind in central Pennsylvania. 
The general delivery is in front, four feet in width. The delivery cases 
extend back six feet on an angle, and are covered with stained glass, from 
whence two rows of boxes extend back nineteen feet. The space between is 
six feet ; the space between the boxes and walls on each side is five feet. On 
the left side is the money-order delivery. The numtier of boxes is eight 
hundred and eightj'-eight, as follows: Seven hundred and sixty-eight lock- 
boxes, t\venty-fbur lock-drawers, and ninety-six call-boxes. The boxes are 
the patent metallic Yale box with gilt fronts. The wood-work is pine inlaid 
with walnut. The distance from the front door to delivery is ten feet. The 
entrance lb the back office is on the right. The distribution table is made 
of walnut inlaid with oak, and is constructed on the circular plan. It has 
a capacity for twelve No. 1 mail-pouches at one time. Ten pouches of mail 
matter are received at the office daily for delivery and distribution, and the 
same number are sent out daily. About one thousand lettei^ are cancelled 
daily at this office, Tlie money-order sj'stem ^vas commenced here August 
10th, 1872. About oue thousaud orders are issued per year, and about the 
same number paid. The number of letters registered is about four hundred 
per year. Since 1870, the business of the office has increased about twenty 
per cent. J. J. Smith ia the present postrmaster, and G. W. Young, deputy. 

Was organized March 24th, 1873. The officers were: Solomon Malick, Presi- 
dent ; Isaac Campbell, Vice President ; George B. Cadwallader, Treasurer ; 
P. H. Moore, Recording Secretary ; Lemuel Shipmau, Corresponding Secre- 
tary ; William A. Sober, Librarian ; and an executive committee of thirty 
persona. This association has for its object, the improvement of live-stock and 
the advancement of agriculture, horticulture, and the domestic and mechanical 
arts and sciences in Northomberland County. The present officere are ; Presi- 
dent, Emanuel Wilvert; Vice President, Jacob JI. Follmer ; Treasurer, P. 
H.Moore; Recording Secretary, Thomas M. Pursel; Corresponding Secre- 
tary, Joiin Klase ; Librarian, W. C. Packer. 

Sunbury is well supplied with houses of entertainment, of which tlie fol- 
lowing are the principal ones : 

City Hotel. — Some tliree-fourths of a centuiy since, there stood on thesouth- 
east corner of what is now Jlarket and Fourth streets, an old tavern, famil- 
iarly known as " The Buck," which was one of the oldest tavern-stantls in 
Sunbury, it having been built iu 1796. It was first kept by Jonas AVeaver, 
and next by D. Gibson, who was succeeded by Charles AVeavei'. In 1863, 
the present proprietor, E. T. Drumheller, took possession, and in 1871, the 
old structure was torn down and a new one erected. The present City Hotel 
is sixty by one hundred and eleven feet, and tliree stories high. It was designed 
by Mr. AVetzel, of Danville, and built by Messrs. Haines & Co., of Sunbury. 
It cost thirty-five thousand dollars, and contains forty-seven alecping-rooms, 
besides parlors, sample-rooms, etc. 

WanhingtoJi House. — This hotel is situated on the corner of Market and 
Second streets, opposite the court houae. The present proprietor, C. Nefl^, 
assumed contiol in 1866. It is located in one of the most quiet parts of the 

Central Hotel. — ^This public house is located on the north-east corner of 
Market square. The corner part of the building was erected fifty years ago 
or more, by Martin Weaver. In 1859, additiiins were made to the building 
by James Van Dyke, who opened it as a hotel. In 186.'), it was purchased 


by Henry Haas, the present popular proprietor, who also remodeled the 
building somewhat. It is supplied ivith the modern coovemences, and from its 
" central " location is a desirable stopping place. William K. Dunliara, is 
the polite clerk. 

Clement Some.-— This house of entertainment was built by Messrs. Moore 
and Dissiuger, and was opeued to the public on March 13th, 1871. It was 
named iu honor of L-a T. Clement, Esq., of Sunbury. It was occupied by 
difiereut landlords till January, 1875, when the present proprietor, Peter 
Bun-ell, assumed charge. 

The hotel is furnished ^vitli ail the modern appliances of convenience and 
comfort. It contiiius the largest rooms of any hotel in the borough, is 
heated by furnaces and has gas in every apartment. It is also supplied with 
hot and cold water, and has a bath-room for the accommodation of guests. * 
There is also in the building a hair-dressing saloon. ' 

The Clement House is the ouly hotel in the place that is furnished with 
the conveniences just enumerated. In addition to these, it lias also the other 
essentials of sample-room, reading-room, parlor, etc. It is enjoying a de- 
served popularity under the efficient management of the accommodating 
proprietor, Peter Eurrell, and the^polite attentions of the gentlemanly clerk, 
Nat. Ford. 

The di-ug-store of Dr. C. M. Martin & Co., and the grocery-house of 
Samuel Byerly occupy a portion of the ground-floor of this hotel. 

The common school law of Pennsylvania was adopted by the borough of 
.Sunbury immediately after its passage in 1834, and the public schools of the 
place have since been conducted under its provisions. The fii-st public school 
edifice was erected in 1835, on what is now the west side of Thti-d street, be- 
tiveen Market aud Chestnut. It was a brick structure, two stories high, and 
contained ibur school-rooms. This building furnished all the school accom- 
modations in the borough till 1866. Caketown was laid out in this year, 
but a school-house was erected there in 1865. It w-as a one-storv brick, and 
cost about five hundred dollars. In 1866, were erected the north-east and 
south-west ward buildings, and in 1868, tiie north-ivest and south-east edifices. 
They are all of the same style of architecture, and cost some four thousand 
dollars apiece. In 1875, the school-board purchased the old frame Baptist 
church, the south-east ward building, and the same is now occu- 
pied as a school-house. The board are about to dispose of the Caketown 
school-house, and purpose to erect on a lot in the vicinity, a two-story brick 
In 1870, a system of grading was 

edifice that. shall 

introduced into the Sunbury public schools, which i 
piesciit time. In August, 1871, a high-school department was established, 
and Jlr. G. G. Jliller became principal of the same. This school was fii-st 
held in what was known as the Bartholomew building, on the west side of 
Fourth street, between Market and Arch streets. In 1866, the number of 
pupils enrolled in the borough was about four hundred ; iu 1876, it was eight 
huuiUx-d aud twenty-three. The present superintendent of schools is Professor 
Block, and the corps of teachei-s numbei-s thirteen. The following eou- 
stitute the present board of education : W. S. Ehoads, president ; J. R. 
Cressinger, secretai-y ; M. P. Scupham, treasurer; Jacob Fetter, Jehu De 
Havea and F. L. Haupt. 

This establishment was commenced in 1839, by Messi-s. Eolirbach & 
Brothers, as a foundry. It then employed three men. The shops are located 
on Chestnut street, near the Pennsylvania railroad track. In 1856, it was 
enlarged. Iu 1859, the firm was changed to C. D. and J. Robrbach, by 
wliom it was conducted imtU 1861. It was then changed to Rolirbach A 
Cooper, who couthined the business until 1866, wlieu George Kohrbach and 
Son became proprietoi-s. In 1867, if was again enlarged and a machine-shop 
added. In 1870, the firm was changed to George Rohrbacb & Sous, who 
still continue the business. The buildings cover about six thousand square 
feet, and are two stories high. The foundry does a general foundry and 
macliiue-shop business. 

The mills are owned by Messrs. Moore, Campbell & Co., and are situated 
on Walnut street ; they are enclosed by a brick building thirty-five by forty 
feet, and four stories high. They were origimUly built in 1855, but have 
since been extended and improved, so that now the mill is provided with 
four runs of burrs, aud complete machinery of all kinds. It is run by a 
thirty-horse-power steam-engine, and gives employment to four men. 

The history of the Washington Independent Steam Fire Company, of Sun- 
bury, dates back to 1837, as near as we can learn, and up to 1876, is as fol- 
lows: The Good Will Fu-e Company was in existence in 1837. How much 
earlier the company was organized cannot be ascertained. The engine was 
owned by Northumberland County, and tlie membcRhip of the company 
was made up of old citizens, many of whom are dead, aud a iew still living. 
The iollowing are the names of all the old members ascertainable at this 
date, June, 1876 -. Peter Lazarus, John Young, George Young, John Bogar, 
Samuel Gossler, Heurj- Yoxtheimer, Jacob Painter, Jacob Weimer, Gideon 
Murkle, David Haupt, George Weiser, (Judge) David Druekemiller, Jacob 
Young, Henrj' Petery, Sebastian Plaupt, Charles Gossler, Charles Deriuff, 
William N. Robins, David Robins, Daniel Haas, Benjamin Hendricks, 
James H. Husted, William H. Miller, George Surles, R. A. Fisher, John 
Eisley, A. Jordan, George Bright. 

The members still living are, Peter Lazarus, A. Jordan, George Bright, 
David Haupt, Daniel Druekemiller, Daniel Haas, Benjamin Hendricks. 
The average age of these men is about seventy-five yeai-s. There were other 
members, of whom there is no record. At that ti nie their dues were SLN:-and- 
a-quarter cents per month, and the tbllowing is a receipt for money paid to 
the treasurer of the company : 

" Received, Dec. 1st, 1S37, of Geo. Bright, the sum of Eighteen j cents for 
the use of Sunbury Fire Company. Jas. H. Husted." 

In 1843, the county cnmmissio 

I Agnew band-engine, 
called the "W'asliiugton, and the company was merged into the Washington 
Fire Company, and continued until the breaking out of the Rebellion in 
1861, i\'heu it was disbanded, as many of its members went into the army. 
The old Good Will engine is now in use in the borough of Northumberland. 

The company was reorganized July 17, 1873, and a gift enterprise started 
to raise money with whicli to purchase a new steamer, ivbich was done in the 
beginning of the year 1875. In the same year, the company built the engine- 
house they now occupy, on Third street, at a cost of nearly six thousand dol- 
lars. The engine, hose-carriages, hose, etc., cost the company about seven thou- 
sand two hundred dollars. 

The membership amounts to about one hundred men in good standing. 
The present officers are, Solomon Stroh, President ; George M. Renn, Vice 
President ; J. M. Campbell, Secretary ; T. D. Reed, Financial Seeretaiy ; 
William H. Miller, Treasurer; S. F. Nevin, Foreman. 

The following are the charter members : Solomon Stroh, P. M. Shindel, 
John C. Miller, William H. MiUer, T. S. Shannon, B. F. Bright, John 
Mockert, D. C. Dissiuger, J. K. Keeter, A. A. Youngman, A. Lentzer, S. F. 
Nevin, G. M. Renn, H. J. Waltz, William D. Haupt, Levi Seasholtz (de- 
ceasedj, Amos Steel, M. C. Geitrhart, I. S. Gossler. 

On the 5th day of January, 1870, there was a petition presented to the 
Honorable Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Northumberland County, 
for a charter for an organization, to be known ns "The Sunbury Orchestra," 
ivhich was granted. The following are the names of the petitionera : Thomas 
M. Pursel, Jacob Shipman, F. K. HUl, William H. Bucher, David Fry,'John 
W. Bucher, Charies D. Wharton, R. F. Bucher, P. P. Smith, aud J. R. 
Ci-essinger. The following were elected as officers: Director, J. R. Cressinger; 
Assistant Director, Ferd. K. Hill; Treasurer, Jacob Shipman; Secretary, 
Fci-d. K. Hill. The present officers are, Charies D. Wharton, President ; Jacob 
Shipman, Treasurer; Thomas JI. Pursel, Secretary; Thomas D. Grants 
Musical Director. There are. eight n»embers belonging to the organization, 
as follows : Thomas M. Pursel, Jacob Shipman, F. K. Hill, J. Weiser Bucher, 
Charles D. Wharton, P. Purse! Smith, Harry D. Wharton, and Thomas D. 

The Sunbury Orchestra piu:chased fifteen cornet instruments, which they 
offered to loau to any pereons that would organize a band iu Simbury. They 
are now used by the Sunbury Silver Cornet Baud. 

Was organized in December, 1872. The officers were. President, George H, 
Gibson ; Secretary, Philip H. Renn ; Treasurei", Charles Peterraan ; Teacher, 
John Clymei-. In 1874, the band decided to change teachers, and employed 
Carl Kirchner. At present there ai'c sixteen members. The officei-s are as 
follows: President, Martin StrattiiT; Vice President, John Zimmerman; 
Treasurer, Frederick Zeiser; Secretary, Silas Thureton. 


Tlie Simbiiry Gas Compauy was chartered iii 1870, and the gss was first 
furnished for public cousiimption in November, 1871. The present officers 
are, S. P. Wolvertoii, ; T. H. Purdy, Seeri3tnr>- nud Treasurer; 
Himm Levy, Ira Hile, 8. P. Wolverton, Directors; Irn Hile. Superinten- 
dent. The works are located near Market street, and employ two men. The 
company has laid down nearly two-and-a-half miles of ni_ain-pipe. Their 
gas is manufactured from petroleum oil by a new i>roces3. The price to con- 
sumers is one cent per hour for each ordinary burner, equivalent to two dol- 
lars per tliousand feet for coal-gas. Tlie comi)aiiy supply forty-t^vo street 
gas-lamps, for whicli the bomugh pays three dollare for each lamp per 
month, including gas attendance and repaii's. Tlie office of the company is 
at the office of T. H. Purdy, on Market street. 

Derives its name from the Manor of Pomfret, which William Penn gave to 
this section of country in honor of John Pomiret, an English poet. It is a 
very lit-iiurifiil \i\:iri', twenty acres in extent, and is situated on the hill south 
ol' Uii lii.n.iiL'li. Ii was laid out in 1871. It is managed by an association, 
olwbii li •'. ^V. (iikf is President, Lloyd T. Rhorbach, Secretary, and J. A. 
C:ik,-, TmiMiver. 


Thb institution commenced business in October, 1874, on a small scale, 
employing only three men. It has since been enlarged so that now it em- 
ploys twenty-lour men, and manullictures over three hundred coffins per 
month. It is o^vned by Messrs. Fryling, Bowen & Engel. 

This establishment commenced busiai^ in Julj', 1875, and the factory in 
connected with the planing-mill on Third and Arch streets. The finishing- 
room and wareroom are on Front street, below theShamokin Railroad. Tlie ■ 
capacitj' of the works is one hundred and twenty-five coffins and caskets per 
week. It manufactures six styles of each, and gives employment to twenty- 
five hands. Ira T. Clement is proprietor, and J. D. James, superintendent. 

This association was incorporated in 1869; L, T. Rohrbach, President; 
J. M. Fox, Vice President; Jacob Shipman, SecretaPi'; Henry Clemeut, 
Ti-easurer ; Direetoi-s— L. T. Rohrbach, D. Attic-k, U. F. Maun, N. F. Mart/., 
Joseph Eyster, N. F. Lightoner, G. C. Brandon, J. A. Middleton, AV. S. 
Rhoads, W. H. H. Offenbach; Solicitor, C. A. Reimensnydcr. 

Present Board— N. F. Martz, President; D. C. Dessiugcr, Vice President; 
Jacob Shipman, Secietary; Henry Clement, Treasurer; Solomon Malick, 
Solicitor; Directors— Ira T. Clement, A. Hoover, Hunter Newberry, Wil- 
liam Simpson, Jacob Shipman, N. F. Martz, Emanuel Wilvert, W. H. Mil- 
ler, V. Deit/.. P. H. Moore. 

Office, corner of Third and Market streets. Meets the fourth Thursday of 
each month. The object of this association is to accumulate a fund and in- 
vest the same, so as to enable menibci-s to purchase i-eal estate, erect build- 
ings, pay off encumbniuces, and for other similar purposes. Members are 
enabled to buy home with payments no heavier than the ordinary yearly 
rent paid by men with families. 

Incorporated, 1870. S. Faust, Sr., President; J. Shipman, Secretary; H. 
Clement, Treasurer; S. B. Boyer, Solicitor; John Shissler, N. F- Martz, H. 
Y. Frvling, P. H. Moore, Ira T. Clement, Directors. Meets every fourth 
Monday, for the purpose of loaning money to stockholders in sums of fifty 
dollars and upwards, upon approved securitj-. Object (see Fort Augusta 

Eastern Star Lodge, No. 143, K. of P., was instituted March 24th, 18G9, 
with tlie following charter members: S. B. Boyer, G. W. Renn, J. Hime, 
T. S. Shannon, W. A. Fetter, John E. Smick, G. D. Bucber, John Clark, J. 
M. Ba.--tinn, D. Attick, A. N. Biice, Henry Clement. David Frj-, Emanuel 
AVilvert J Wci^er Bucher, and C. A. Reimensnydcr. Present Officers— P. 
C, William Simpsuu; C. C, Jnbo Mnnt.: V. C. Tlmnm. J. Lynn; Pre.. 
John Simpson; M, at A.. Paoid » ', Lv,.ii; K. nf It..S, II. Wyua; \\. 
George W-Piivdi-r; M. ul K., .Inbn Cliirk; L. C, K. M. N>>.- ; O. ( i.. .I,.,],!, 
Yanmll. Thi.s is a mutual aid >u,.i,.l_v, ■Mn^^\u.^ uny .-irk uicmWr lisv 
dollais per week. Meetings every Wcdncitlay evcuiug, at Bright's Hall, 
corner Third and Market streets. 

Lodge No. 25, Ancient York Ma.«(ms, held at Sunbury, received their 
charter «n llic- 4tli of Octnlicr. 177!), fnuii the "Provincial Grand Lodge," 
held at Pliilndelphia, whicli lodge was il.'^df, at that time, under the jurisdic- 
tion of the '■Oi-aod JjidgL' i.if Eugluiiil," which was revived by his royal 
highness, Prince Edwin, in the year of our Lord, 926. The officer of No. 
22, in 1779, were: Stephen Chnmhers, WorehipM Master; Henry Statrett, 
iSenior Warden; and John Chatham, Junior AVarden. The officers of the 
Provincial Grand Lodge, were: William Ball, Esq., Grand Jlaster; Wil- 
liam Shutc, Grand Senior Warden; aud John Howard, Grand Junior War- 
den. On the 25th day of September, 1786, the Proviu<>ial Grand Lodge be- 
came independent from the Grand Lodge of England, under the mime of 
the "Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania," and the fii-st officci-s were: William 
Adcock, Esq., Gmnd Master; Joseph Dean, Grand Senuir Warden; and 
Gearge Ord, Grand Junior Warden. On the 26th day of March, 1787, 
this Grand Lodge rene\ved the ehnrter of Lodge, No. 22, whose officei-s then 
were: William Wilson, AVr.i^liipful Master; Richard Martin, Senior War- 
den; and Samuel Gardner, Junior Warden. Up to this time (July 4th, 
1876,) about five hundred members belonged to this h.dgc, of which num- 
ber, one hundred and twenty-two still remain active niendiei-s. The present 
officers (for the year 1876,) are: James H. McDevitt, W. M.; John M. 
Campbell, 8. W.; John W. Stevenson, J. W.; Joseph 'Eisely, Secretary; 
and Mark P. Scupliam, Treasurer. The Past Mastere, are; Mark P. Scup- 
ham, William T. Grant, Edward C. Hanlia, Benjamin Zettlenioyer, John B. 
Leaker, John Haas, Harvey K. Goodrich, JIaclay C. Gearhart, John K. 
Clement, and James Farra. This lodge sustained its good standing, and 
continued its regular monthly meetings throughout all the anti-Masonic per- 
Dut interruption. 

This was laid out in 1866, by J. W. Cake, and consists of four h ndied 
acres of level land. It extends along the river fi-om the old bnougl 1 ne 
two hundred rods, then back from the river about a mile to the n a I lea 1 g 
from Sunbury to Catawissa. This land was a part of the Manor ot Po nlret 
Upon this was located Fort Augusta, a prominent station during tl e French 
and Indiar i\'ar. The magazine of this fort is still in a perfect state ot ])ie- 
servation, and is one hundred and twenty years old, having been built in 
1756. Upon this tract of land is also located the shops of the Philadelphia 
and Erie Railroad Company, whose track crosses it at a distance of about 
one thousand feet east of the river. 

Or Pnrdytown, as it is generally known, was laid out by T. H. Purdy, 
Esq. It is well built up, and contains some fine residences. 

Fir^il Nadonul J5n((i.— This bank was incorporated as a State bank, April 
1st, 1831, under the corporate title of the "Bank of Northumberiand," and 
was located in the borough of Northumberland, Pa., with a capital stock of 
two hundred thousand dollare, and commenced business on Monday, Sep- 
tember 26th, 1831. 

The first election of directors was heldnt the house of James Lee, in the 
borough of Northumberiand, on Thursday, August 4th, 1831, when the 
following gentlemen were chosen, viz. : John Cowdeu, John B. Boyd, James 
Merrill, A. B. flummiugs, John Taggart, Joseph Wallis, Abbot Green, 
James Hepburn, Daniel Brautigan, Henry Friek, William Clyde, Alexander 
Jordan, and Dr. David Petriken. James Hepburn was elected President, 
August 8th, 1831, and ser\-ed until April 23d, 1840, when he resigned. 
John Taggart was elected President of the bank, April 30tli, 1840, who 
served until November 26th, 1865, when he was succeeded by William 
Cameron. William Cameron resigned the presidency, June 25th, 1867, and 
on the same day, J. B. Packer was elected in his place, :vho has been the 
president of the institution ever since. 

Joseph R. Priestley was elected the cashier, August 8th, 1831, and served 
in that capacity until his death, which occurred on Tuesday, November 10th, 
1863. November 19th, 1863, S. J. Packer wi^ elected to fill tlie place of 
Mr. Priestley, and he has been aetiug in that capacity from that date to the 
present time. 

The original stock of the bank was subscribed by one hundred and four- 
teen difierent pei-sons. The present number of .stockholders Is ninety-five. 


The notes of the Bank of Northumberlanrl were redeemed at par, in gold, 
iu the city of Philadelphia, while the notes of a large number of the banks 
of the State were at a discount of one-fourtli to one-half of one per cent. 
The bank always retained the confidence of the public, and was justly con- 
siderwl one of tlie best in the State. The totnl amount of dividends paid 
to phareholdei-s, since the oigunizatiun, is seven hundred and tliirty-four 
thousand dollare. 

By vii-tiie of an Act of jlsaembly, pm^ed April Kith, lfifi4, the bank was 
removed Irom Northumberluud to Suubury, Jidy 2riEh, l«fi4. It existed as 
a State bank, until July 1st, lRfi.5, when it siuTcndercd its, Statp rhai ter, and 
was orgauined as a National bank, under the title of thi' "First Niitional 
Bank of Sunbury, Pa." 

At a meeting of the stockholders of this bank, held January 2ntli, lb7(i, 
tlie following directors were elected for the ensuing yeai-: John B. Parker, 
James K. Davis, Henry C. Eyer, William H. Waples, Simon Cameron, Wil- 
liam I. Greeuough, John Haas, William jVL Rockefeller, William Cameron, 
Alexander Jordan, George SrauUer, George Scbnure, and George F, Miller. 
The prc>!?(?ut officers are: J. B. Packer, President; S. J. Packer, Ca.shier; 
John E. Torrington, Book-keeper; Thomas D.Grant, Teller; Samuel R. 
Snyder, Clerk; George Follmer, Messenger. 

Augii-'ttn Bank. — This institution was organized, and a charter obtained, 
ill 1873. The bank building is situated on Pa.-ker street, near the comer of 
Front. It is a neat and wel!-ai ranged edifice, twenty-five by tbiity-tlmr 
feet, and cost eight thousand dollars. The antlioriied capital of tbu bank is 
one hundred thousand dollare, fifty thousand of wliich have been paid in. 
Its present ofiicere are: J. A. Cake, President; M. L. Snyder, Cashier; J, 
W. Cake, John S. Snyder, J. H. Jenkins, J. Adam Cake, J. K. 
M. L. Snyder, H. L. Cake, and W. W. Moody, Directora. 

Presbyleriaii Church. — ^The precise period when the Presbyterian Cliurch, 
in Sunbnry, was organized, cannot be determined. There is no record 
evidenced of it, and no member of the church is now living, who lived at 
the time of her organization. It existed betbre 1787, for in the month of 
May, in that year, the Rev. Hugh Morrison, a probationer from the Presby- 
tei-y of Root, iu Ii-eland, was called as pastor to the congregations of Buffalo, 
Northumberland, and Sunbury. He officiated as pastor in tlie Sunbury 
congregation until his death, which took place iu 1804. He was buried in 
the burial-grouud, in Sunbury. His ivife died soon after, and was buried 
uear him. Where the congregation worahipped, when the church was organ- 
iKcd, is not known. About the year 1794, the Presbyterian congregation, 
and the German Reformed congregation, united in erecting a log church on 
the corner of Second and Chestnut streets, then the corner of Elackbeny and 
River streets. In this building these tivo cougregatious woi-shipped in great 
peace and harmony, until about the year 1841, when they separated. The 
Presbyterians sold their interest iu the church and church property to the 
Reformed congregation, purchased a lot on the corner of Third imd Chest- 
nut streets, tliea Blackberry and Deer streets, and on it erected a small one- 
story brick church, in which they worshipped until within the last four yeai-s. 
The congregation sold this building, and purchased a lot on the north side of 
Market street, and ei-ected a verj' Iiaudsonie brick chiirch, twn .stories high, 
with a beautiful steeple, one hundred and thirty feet high. It i* very much 
admired for its just proportions, conveuieuce, beautiful finish, uud situation. 
Its style is Romanesque. The Rev. Isaac Grier, afler an interval of about 
two years, was installed pastor of the church, and continued as such until hi-s 
death, on the 23d of August, 1814. He was buried in Noithumberland, 
where he lived at the time of his death. Robert Fisher Nash Smith, of Virginia, 
succeeded Mi'. Grier, and William K. Ashmead succeeded Mr. Smith. Mr. 
Asbmead was succeeded by William Richmond Smith, a cousin of Robert 
P. N. Smith. Wheelock S. Stone succeeded AVilliam R. Smith. Aftei- Jlr. 
Stone left, William R. Smith, who had resigned his charge, and removed to 
Ohio, was invited to return. He accepted the invitation, and thus succeeded, 
as also preceded, Sir. Stone. He was pastor of the Sunbury and Northum- 
berland congregations at the time of liis death. William Simonton succeeded 
Mr. Soiith, and after dissolution of the pastoral relation, James D, Roardon 
acceplud a vn\], and ivas installed pastor. Samuel W, Reigert, of Lancaster, 
succeeded Jlr. Roardon. Mr. Simonton, Mr. Reardon, and Mr. Reigert, are 
still living. Mr. Lawsoii, now iu Oxford, Chester County, succeeded Mr. 
Reigert, and Rev. Suouiel J. Millikca, now laboring near Philadelphia, suc- 
ceeded Mr. Laivson. Martin Luther Ross succeeded Jlr. Milliken, and is now 
the pastor of the church. 

The church was often without a pastor, but the pulpit was occupied by 
supplies. Mr. Gray of Ireland, Mr. Millick, Jonah Henry Young, and others, 
whose names cannot now be determined, are well remembered as supplies. 

The church at jjresent has a membership of 268. The members of this 
session, are John Ecknian, Philip Hylis, William W. Moody, George W. 
Hacket, and Alexander Jordan. 

The Sabiiath-school connected with the church averages 150 children. 
There are twenty tejichei-s, one su]ierintendent, one assistant superintendent, 

The fir-t elder-, acronlin'j to the tradition of the church, were John Buyers, 
and William MrA,l;,ni Ah xaoder Jonlau was ordained elder, in August, 
l-S'1'2. Ki iicli il ,i--iii'b until till' ])re-ent time. Peter Pursel, Lewis Dewart, 
AVdliam Culirk, Ch.uli. (iobin, Robert Mateer, and ^Vndrew N. Erice, 
weie ehlei.-, at dideient peuod>. Messi-s. McAdam, Buyers, Pursel, Dewart, 
and Gulick, arc dead, 

Milliodhl Epiicopal CTnircA.— Sometime about the year 1700, a Methodist 
preacher from the Wyoming region traveled through the lower north 
branch, and up the west branch country, on what we may call a "religious 
exploration." The result of the same was, that in 1791, two preachers were 
sent, viz.: Richard Parriott and Lewis Browning. These men formed a 
circuit, called " Norlhumberland" commencing at Briar Creek, or Berwick, 
in what is now Columbia County; westward to White Deer Valley; thence 
by the left bank of the we->t branch across Loyalsock, Lycoming and Pine 
Ci'eeks, to the Bald Eagle Creek; up the same to the neighborhood of now 
Unionville, Centre County ; thence by Bellefonte and Spring Creek to Penn'a 
Valley ; fi-om that point by Shamokin Creek and ridges to the Neseopec 
Creek ; from thence to the place of beginning. This circuit was traveled 
once in four weeks, with preaching every day but one, Sunbury was in- 
cluded in this charge. 

In 1793, the pioneer Bishop of American Methodism — Francis Ashbury, 
visited the country. He came to Northumberland, and found there a small 
society. He was entertained at the house of Mrs. Taggart in that place. 
The Bishop preached a number of times both in Northumberland and in 
Sunbury. j^Ls far as known, this is the firet mentiou of preaching by a 
Jlethodist in Sunbury, though it is presumable that Parriott, Browning, or 
James Campbell, William Colbert and James Paynter, who followed them 
in 1792 and 1793, may have preceded the Bishop. 

In Sunburj', the inhabitants were mostly German, and the Methodist 
peachers consequently had but few hearers at most. This fact may also have 
prevented the organizing of a society' or the gaining of a membership. We 
learn that perhaps twenty years later there was but one Methodist family in 
Sunbury, viz. ; William Search and wife, living on Arch street. This couple, 
with a few others, for years would walk to Northumberland to meet with the 
society there, and bear preaching. 

The year the firet class was formed in Sunbury cannot precisely be ascer- 
tained. The class, however, consisted of some ten or twelve persons. The 
first leader was Jacob Heller, who also was a local preacher. In that class, 
were William Search and wife, Solomon Shafer and wile, a young man 
named Jacob Dawson, Eli Deemer and mfe, (his first wife), and Mrs. Nancy 
Follmer, (now Grandmother Yoxtheiiner), the, perhaps, only surviving 

The class met iu a small house that stood on Front street, below Chestnut 
street, at 2 o'clock on Tuesday afternoon. Ail the members w'cre punctual 
in their attendance at that hour. It is related of the membeVs, that at the 
hour of class, whatever work they were engaged in at once ceased, and in 
the working-dress of the laborer or house-keeper, "sun-bonnet," etc., they 
would repair to the place of worship. Tlie preachers would frequenely, as 
was the custom in that day, meet the class. The house on Front street was 
occupied by Solomon Shafer, Afterwards, for a time, the class met in a 
house near the corner of Cliestnut and Fourth streets. 

The fii-st preaching-place for the Methodists was in the grand jury room 
in the old "State House," which stood where the court house now is. 
Sometimes, on special occasions, they ivould occupy the conrt-room in the old 
court house. 

In the years 1837 and 1838, Rev. H. G. Dill was on (he circuit embiae- 
ing Sunbury. He held a successful revival mecliug in the grand jurj' 
room, in the iivll of 1837. When ilr. Dill took chai-ge, there were, perhaps, 
twenty members in thesociety. At the protnicted meeting there were thirty 
united. This so encouraged the society, that tliey resolved ou the erection 
of a church edifice; altliough there were troublesome times in the pi'ogi-ess 
of Methodism iu Sunbury — the \vork being opposed by the then resident 
' other churches. 


The church was eonmienced in 1838. When Mr. Dill closed Ijis term, 
and left in the Spring of 1839, tlie church was under roof and enclosed ivith 
the doors and windows, and also the floor laid, and no deht so far as they 
had gone. The building whs Lompletcd in the fall nf 18.39, and Mr. Dill, 
who came to the dedication, preiiL-lusI the first sermon in the new church on 
Saturdaj' morning, and the Rev. Joliu jMiilor, providing elder, preached tiie 
dedicatory sermon on the first Sunday in Detember, 1839, from the text, 
"I will glorify the house of my gloiy,"' (Isaiah lx, 7.) 

The huilding is the same now occupied by the Catholics on Arch street. 
The cost of lot and building cannot now be given. Eli Deenier and James 
Husted were on the board of trustees and building committee. 

The Methodbt Society, numbering about ninety, ivere placed in a separate 
charge in 18G8. Tliey sold their property to tlie Catholics, and bought the 
corner of Arch and Second streets, where they commenced the erection of a 
building in 1869. It is built of brick, ninety-five feet deep, aud fifty-five 
feet ivide, two storira high. The corner-stone wiis laid by Bishop Simjwon 
intheEall of 18U9, aud the basement was dedicated by Bishop Ames in 
March, LS70. Tfiv inidi.ii.r miun was complet«d, aud ia'Octobei-, 187.3, was 
dedicated by II-v. B. Iv.v-. fir. .Simms, and othei-s. The church is not, as 
yet, conipl.T-.l -;li- i-.u,.,-. rt,-.. unfinislied. The cost of the building and 
lotmay pii.->ilily i.^uli iliiiiy-ci;.'ht thousand dollars. The present member- 
ship numbi-rs iilMiut iwii iiiii](ir,'rl and seventy-five. 

The prf^arlirr.- wlm su. .■. -.-.-iv^'ly preached in Sunhury are, taking the list 
as it slamis i;.r XMrrlHnjLl.-il:Miil circuit: 1791, R. Pavriott, S. Brownuig ; 
1792, JanR^ Canii^brll, AViliiam Colbert; 1793, James CnmpbeU, James 
Paynter; 1794, Robert Manley, John Brodhead ; 179.5, James Ward, S. 
Timmons; 1796, John Seward, R. Sneath; 1797, Jolin Laelty, Daniel 
Higby; 1798, J. Sackey, John Leach; 1799, James Moore, Benjkrain Bid- 
lack, Daniel Stevens; 1800, Ephraim Chambera, Edward Larkins, Asa 
Smith ; 1801, Johnson Dunham, Gil Carpenter ; 1802, Anniug Owen, James 
Aikens; 1803, Daniel Ryan, James Ridgway; 1804, T. Adams, Gideon 
Draper ; 1805, Christopher Frey, James Saunders, 

In 1806, Lycoming circuit was cut o£F from tlie Northumberland circuit, 
and perhaps from this date, there may have been regular preaching in Sun- 
burj-. It is doubtftil whether there was more than occasional preaching 

In 1806, Robert Burch, John Swartzwelder ; 1807, Nichr.!us Willis, Joel 
Smith; 1808, Thomas Cnrren, John Rhodes; 1809, Timothy Lee, Loring 
Grant; 1810, Abraham Dawson, Isaac Puffer; 1811, B. G. Peddock, J. H. 
Baker, R. Lnnning. 

In 1812, " Sfiaviokin" circuit was formed, embracing all the territory east 
of the north branch to the Broad Jlountain, and from Nracopec Creek on 
the north to the Dauphin County line on the Susquehanna. Sunhury was in 
this charge. 

The preachei-8 on this new charge were, in 1822, James H. Baker, J. 
Hickox; 1813, A. Dawson, Natlianiel Reeder; 1814, Marmaduke Pearce; 
1815-16, B. Bidlack; 1817, A. Dawson; 1818, Israel Cook; 1819, Elisha 
Bibins; 1820, M. Pearce; 1821-22, John Rhodes; 1823, David Steel; 
1824, John Tauneyhill ; 1827, Jonas Munroe; 1828, Henry Tap-ing ; 1829 
E. E. Allen. 

In 1830, the name of the circuit was changed to that of " Stuihury." 

The preachers were, in 1830, Josiah Forrest ; 1831, O. Ege, J. H. Brown ; 
1832, W. Howe, J. Clerk; 1833, T. Tanneyhill, J. R, Talentyre; 1834, T. 
Tauneyhill, John Guyer; 1835, 0. Ege, J. Andeiiiou ; 1836, 0. Ege, G. C. 

la 1837, Luzerne mission was cut off embracing all north of Cataivissa. 

In 1837, the preachers ivere'H. G. Dill, Charles E. Brown; 1838, H. G. 
Dm, John Hall; 1839, J.Rhodes, Wm. Hirst; 1840, J. Rhodes, John Ball ; 
1841, S. Ball, G. H. Day. 

During the term of ]\ie^srs. Ball aud Day, the first Sunday-school in con- 
nection with the Methodist Church in Sunbury was organized: James 
Husted was appointed superintendent, and Solomon Shafer, secretary, 
George Bueher aud Miss Elizabeth Deemer, (now Mr.. Elizabeth Bucher,) 
were teachers in the sehool. At the presi-ut tiniL-, ( 1X711 1. ih^v are still 
teacheivi. The lines between the rhurches were v(.-ry cln-dy .b-awn, and the* 
Methodist Sunday-school nundiered but a small party. Then; wei-e twenty- 
one dollars in money collected in town lor a Sunday-school library, to 
which was added some fifteen doUani more from the country appointments. 

In 1842, the preachers were George Berkstresser, W. S. Bnird ; 1843, A. 
Brittain, J. Montgomery; 1844, A. Brittain, J. W. Tongue; 1845, J. W. 
Haughawout, J. S. McMurray; 1846, J. AY. Haughawout, T. Barnhart; 

1847. P. McEnaily, B. Huffman; 1848, James' Ewing, J. P Simpson- 
1S49, J. Ewing, Wm. Gwj-nn ; 1850, John Stine, W. Gwyun- 1851 j" 
Stine, A. Hartman; 1852, J. A. Ross, T. M. Goodfellow. 

The territory north of Northumberland County was cut off, aud CataivL=sa 
circuit formed. 

In 1853, J. A. Ross was the preacher ; 1854, J. G. MeKeehau, J. Burns ■ 
18o5, J. G. McKceban, B. P. KJng; 1856, T. Tanneyhill, N. W. Colbuni; 
18o7,T. Tanneyhill, M.L. Drum; 1858-59, George Warren F B Rid<Ue- 
1860, E. Butler. J. P. Swanger ; 1861, E. Butler, J. A. Dixon ■ 1862 A m' 
Creighton, B. F. Stevens. 

In 1863. Shamokin and Trevorlon were separated from the circuit. 
The preachers iu 1863, were A. M. Creighton, E. T. Swnrtz- 1864 B P 
King, J. M. Akei-s ; 1865, B. P. King, AY. H. Norcross ; 1866, J. Audei^on, 
E. Shoemaker; 1867, J. Andei^on, W. Fritz. J. Andereon died this year. 
In 1868, Sunbury was made a station— that is, all the coimtiy appoint- 
ments ivcre separated from the town. 

The preachei^ since, were 1868-69-70, ^y. AA^ Evans ; 1871, J. C. Clarke; 
1872-73, G. D. Penepacker; 1874-75-76, J. A. DeMoyer, the present pastor. 
The Sunday-school of the M. E. Church organized as stated above, con- 
tinues to the preseut time, and has sent forth two off-shoots in the shape of 
mission^schools; the one in tlie Purdytown addition, and the other in the 
Caketown addition to Sunbury, 

The Sunday-school in Sunbury, at the formation of the society into a sta- 
tion in 1868, was placed m the hands of the pastor as superintendent-. 
Each pastor in turn, up to the present year, served as such. The present 
year the pastor declining, George Follmer (a grandson of the Mr. Follmer, 
a member of the first-class), was elected. The statistics for the past year are 
as follows: Officers and teachers, twcnty-niue; number of schoolai^, one 
hundred and eighty-one ; volumes iu library, three hundred and twenty ; ex- 
penses of school, past year, about seventy-five dollars. 

The mission Sunday-school in Caketown was organized in 1869, by the 
election of Henry Y. Fryling, as superintendent. Philip Ar-rison is the 
present incumbent. The statistics for the past year are as follows : Officere 
and teachers, eleven; number of scholare, si.xty; volumes in library, one 
hundred ; expenses of the school, the past year, about fifteen dollnra. 

The mission Sundy-school in Purdytown was organized in 1869, by the 
election of E. Z. Shipe, as superinteudent. He is the present superintendent. 
The statistics are Jis follows : Officei-s and teachers, eighteen ; number of 
Bcholara, eighty-nine ; volumes in library, two hundi-ed and fifty; expenses 
the past year, thirt)- dollars. 

The total statistics of the M. E. Sunday-schools of Sunbury, are : Ofiicers 
and teachers, fifty-eiglit; number of scholars, three hundred and thirty; 
volumes iu library, six hundred aud eighty ; expenses for the year, one 
hundred and twenty dollars; collections for mission purposes iu the Sunday- 
school for the year, one hundred and eiglit dollare aud forty-two cents. 

The society was incorporated by the countj- court-, in 1858, and the 
present board of trustee consists of J. A. DeMoyer, president; \V. D. 
Melick, secretary ; W. R. F, AVeimer, treasurer, and George Bucher, Wm, 
Murray, Isaac Furman, and Samuel Byerly, as membere. 

Si. Mafthcii}'e Church. — The charact«r of incorporation under which this 
parish was admitted into the Diocese of Pennsylvania, bears date of April 
24, 1827, and at the diocesal convention of the same year the parish was 
received into the diocese. 

The vestrymen at that time, were Charles Dering, John D. Hegins, 
Ebeneezer Greenough, Charles G. Donnel, Jacob Painter, J, C. Robins, Jere- 
miah Shindel, and Wm. Dewart. These parties were the signers of the char- 
ter of incorporation. 

The parish was organized by the Rev. James De Prue, who was the first 
rector. Previous to this, occasional service was held at diflerent times by 
the Rev. Mr. Hopkins, and the Rev. Sir. Eldred. 

In 1834, a church edifice was erected on the north-east corner of Broadway 
and Mulberry alley. It was a brick structure, and is still standing and used 
as a place of worship by the society. It lias a seating capacity of about 
two hundred. It was consecrated in December, 1836. The Sunbury school 
of this society was organized in January, 1825, aud was oue of the earliest 
in the borough. It owns a fine library of choice reading. 

The following parties have se^^•ed the sncjpty as rectoi-s, aud in the order of 
their names: Rev. James Dc Prin', llrv. ( 'liri^iiau Wiltberger, Rev. Isaac 
AV", Smith, Rev. Alfred Lou.K-rliarli, lh-v_ William Sydney AValkor, Rev. 
Joshua Weaver, Rev. B. Murrir;, nuw the Bishop of Oegon, Rev. 
Waiiam Musgi-ave, Rev. AVilliaia White Montgomery, Rev. J. W, Gougler, 
Rev. Lewis AV. Gibson, Rev. Charles A'an Dyne, Rev. Gideou J. Burton, 



and Rev. Homtio H. Hewitt, the present rector. The present vestrymen, 
ftre George B. Yoiingnmii, WUlinm I. Grecoough, William T. Grniit, George 
W. Smith, Thoiniis D. Grant, William R. Dunham, and Henry B. Masser. 
Biiplial C'hiurli. — The first Baptists known to reside in Sunbuiy, ivere 
Joseph Ricliardson, and Ann, his wii'c, wlio were constituent members of 
Shamokiu Baptist Church, constituted in 1794. 

In 1815, Henry Chirk, Rebecca, his wile, Ann Clark, Mary Clark, Lavina 
Prilling, and Jliss D. Crosby, an English sell ool-m is tress, resided in the 
borough, milking, with the Richnrdsons, eight members in all. 

Oi' those early Baptists, the venerable Joseph Richardson was one of the 
church deacons. Henry Clark, was afterwards pastor of the Little Muncy 
and Loyalsock churches. None of those are now living, except Mary (Clark) 
Rollins, in Upper Augusta, in her SOth year. 

Excepting on oucasional service by some itinerant, thei-e ivns no Baptist 
preaching in Sunbury until Rev. Eugene Kincaid, of Milton, held frequent 
meetings, prior to his departure as Missionary to Burmah, iu May, 1830. 

The first Baptist church iu Sunbury, was organized December 1.5th, 1842, 
with eighty-one constituent members, most of whom had been baptised by 
John H. Worrel, from Philadelphia, who became their first regular pastor. 

Prior to this period, the few Sunbury members were connected with Sha- 
mokin churches. Their house of woi-ship stood near Shamokiu Creek, two 
miles above Snydertown. Here is the oldest grave-yard iu that region of 
country. Rev. John AVolverton was their pastor from 1811 to 1822. 

The Sunbuiy Baptist Church enrolls one hundred and teu members. 
They own a lot on the corner of Chestnut ond Fourth streets, on which they 
purpose to erect a house of worship, and then to use their neat chapel, which 
is situated on a part of the lot, for a lecture and Sunday-school room. 

The Reformed CVinrtiA.— This church, organized in 1784, is one of the 
oldest organizations in Sunbury. It was incorporated in 1825. Number of 
communicants, one hundred and fiftj'. The church is a brick structure, and 
is located at the corner of Second and Chestiuit streets. In the winter of 
1871-2, the congi-egation erected a substantial brick pai-sonage at a cost of 
lour thousand dollars. Rev. Calvin S. Gerhard, pastor. 

Rev. Martin Bruner was one of the early pastors. Among the clergymen 
who have served this church, may be mentioned the names of Richard A. 
Fisher, who was pastor for some eighteen years. Hig successoi-s were D. Y. 
Heysler, J. W. Steiumetz, W. C. Cremer, A. H. Dotterer, and the present 
incumbent, Calvin S. Gerhard, wlio came in 1870. 

On the Fourth of July, 1872, occurred the celebratiou of the one-hun- 
dredth anniversary of the existence of the borough of Sunbury. 

Some days previous, the following card of invitation was issued by the 
Sunbury committee of arrangemeuts, which explains itself: 

" To ihe Gitizcitg of Northumberland Counlij : — Inasmuch as the citizens of the 
borough of Sunbury have now in hand the arrangements for the celebration 
of the " Centennial of the Borough," on the coming Fourth of July ; and inas- 
much, also, as the centennial of the County of Northumberland occurred on 
the twenty-first day of JIarch last, at the suggestion of nnmeious citizens of 
the County, the committee of arrangements have concluded to include the 
entire County in their invitation to participate in the proceedings of that day, 
and therefore invite, most earnestly and cordially, all the borough and town- 
ship officials to come in a body, and all the citizens thereof The committee 
further suggest that each borough and township appoint its committee 
of organization and arrangements, to act with the Sunbury committee, of 
which Solomon Malick, Esq., is chairman. The committee hope to have a 
general good time, a general greeting of all the good people of the Countj' ; 
a time of rejoicing over our borough and County centennial, as well as the 
recurring anniversary of American Independence. Let all come. 

By ordei- of the Committee of Arrangements." 
Norflmmbei-land'a Qreeting to Sunhmij. — In response to an invitation from 
our borough authorities to the citizens of Northumberlaod to attend our 
Centennial Anniversury on the Fourth of July, the Ibllowing reply has been 
received : 
Maj. Wu. L. Dewart— 

" Dear Sir .- I have been ap]]ointed by the town council to return you their 
sincere tliauks for your kind and generous in^'^tatiou tendered to them, and 
through them to the citizens of Northumberland, to join the eiti/.ens of Sun- 
bury In celebrating the centennial of the birth of your beautiful and pros- 
perous town. The time seems not far distant when the two towns will join 
hands, and, with the bridge ti-ee to the public, we shall be i 

city. The petty rivaliy that formerly existed between the bully-nmis and 
the pine-knots, has given way to a feeling of respect and admiration for each 
other, and a cordial and fraternal feeling exists between them, which will 
continue to strengthen. *S^'"c accept your invitation as cordially as it was 
given, to participate in your festivities as a body, and with the sincere thanks 
for your generous hospitality, we are ever yours truly. 

M. B. Priestley, Committee." 

The initial ceremonies of the day were inaugurated by the ringing of bells 
and loud whistling of locomotives, and at the shops above and below town, 
at midnight. This was followed by the firing of cannon, the crashing of 
windows, and the shooting of liie-crackers. Tlie dawn of day revealed a 
warm sun, and the arrival of the regular Iburteen daily trains, together with 
a number of excuraion trains, brought to the town crowds of people and 
visiting organizations, to participate in the work of the day. The streets and 
dwellings were neatly displayed with evergreens, portraits of the older citi- 
zens and fathers of the Revolution, and the stars and stripes, while a number 
of bands and a drum corps from Harrisburg enlivened the scene with 
cheering music. 

It was found, very early in the morning, by the arrival of a number of 
fire companies from Harrisburg, Lock Haven and Selinsgrove, and of mili- 
tary companies fiom Williamsport, Lewisburg, Locust Gap, Excelsior and 
Shamokiu, with a numl)cr of civic societies, that the occasion would be 
morkcd by a success more than anticipated. 

The parade in the morning was one of the finest ever congregated in 
centi-al Pennsylvania. It was the feature of the ceremonies, wliich in point 
of appearance, was most admired. In the procession, the main elements were 
the military and firemen. 

The committee of arrangemeuts, who actively engaged m the work for 
the celebration, were composed of Solomon Malick, IDsq., Major D. Heim. 
W. H. Miller, A. N. Bricc, Esq., Colonel George Wagenseller, H. Y. Fril- 
ing, John Haas, Solomon Siruh, P. H. Moore, Christian Neff, W. T. Green- 
ough, Es(|.. J. A. Cuke, Esq.. W. P. Roberts, General J. K. Clement, Val- 
entine Diet/, J. M. Ciidwallader, C. J. Fox. T. S. Shannon, T. H. Purdy, 
Jacob Sensenhach. and C. J. Bruner. 

The chief marshal, of the day was Colonel George B. Cadwallader, and 
his assistants. Major W. Colder Kapp, of Northumberland, Captain Heber 
Painter, Captain Beech Animou, of Dry Valley. Captain H. F. Mann, John 
J. Smith, E. M. Bucher, P. C. Oberdorf, and Philip Forrester. 

The procession started from Second and Market streets, at eleven o'clock, 
in the following order, headed by the Freeburg Band. 

Carriages containing Judge Rockefeller, General Simon Cameron, Judge 
Jordan, and George Piince. 

Then followed in order, carriages containing Hon. J. B. Packer, and other 

Tlieu carriages with chief burgess and town coimcil, soldiers of 1812, 
and of the Mexican war. 

Repaz Brass Band, of Williamsport 

A section of artilleiy, two brass pieces from Lewisburg, drawn by horees, 
and accompanied by twenty-five men. 

The batterj' was commanded by Lieutenant Myers, in the absence of the 
regular commander. Captain McCalla. The folloiving were tliG military 

Willimnsport Greys ; Captain A. H. Stead, with fifty-five men, dressed in 
grey unilbrm and ftdly equipped. 

Washington Rifles; Captain John McEliece, with eighty-two men, from 
Locust Gap, Northumberland Coimty, sixty-one guns, five sergeants, and 
eight color guards. 

Geary Bucktails ; Ca]>tnin F. D. Strausser, with sixty men, from Excel- 
sior, Northumberland CViunty. 

The following were the civil societies; 

Sunbury Lodge of Odd Fellows, No. 203, Isaac Kerns, marshal, with fitly 
men, and visiting niembei-s at' other lodges. 

Inii)rove<l Order of Red Men, Shohomo Tribe, No. 69, of Sunbury, ivith 

men, under J. M. Beil, mai-slml. 

Patriotic Sons of America, of Sunbury, Camp No. 19; E, J. Gibson,. 
mai'shal, with sixty men. 

Knights of Pythias, of Suuburj', No. 143, composed of members from 
Sunbury and Northumberland Lodges, Thomas Taubman, acting niarshnU 
with seventy-five men. 

United Order of American Mechanics, Bragy Council, No. 221, Sunbury, 
Martin Kinney, marshal. Hollowing Run Council, No. 285, E. C. Gobin, 


Tuarehnl. Millereburg Council, No. 99. Juuior Gouncil, O. U. A. M., of 
Sunbury, No. 131, Henry Grayville, inarsba!. Li all, the AmericaD Me- 
cbaDics nuinbered oue hundred and twenty-five men, and iv-itli their red, 
white and blue regalia, looked well. 

Next in order came tlie Conclaves of Sunbury, Council, No. 11, in bright 
uniform, white pantaloons, black coats, and neat caps, swords, and belts, 
under command of General John K. Clement. They numbered about 
thirty men. 

Then came the Fire Department, headed by tlie Sunbury Silver Cornet 
Baud, with fifteen men. Of this department, George Washington Smith, was 
chief marslial. 

The firet company in line was the Sunbury Steam Fire Engine Company, 
No. 1, with forty men. The steam fire engine- was in line, drawn by a 
team of horeea. The engine was handsomely trimmed with wreaths, taste- 
iuUy prepared by ladies. 

The visitiug fire companies, eight in number, were the guests of the Sun- 
bury Company. They were received by committees at the engine-bouse, 
wiiui'v tiii/ir ■■iiiinliiiii-,-^"' wi*rr housed and cared for. The engine-house was 
iilsd iriiiiiiiiii. -.iiu] (III :[n'li iliinwii across the street in iront. These decora- 
ti,,ii. w..iv :lI-.. 111.' «ork .-{■ \Ur ladies. J. K. Davis. EHq.,and T.G.Cooper, 

Nexi in ■n-'Ur ui' jii;irrli .ami- the Susquehanna Steam Fire Engine Com- 
panj', of 8i-liii-._NMvi-. wiih tiii-tv men. Captain Meeker, marshal. 

"\ViIliiiiii.i.nj[ V.iuu\. iviili M-v.-.itccn men. 

Hope HoM- Cuiii]iaiiv, Nn. '>. itf Williamsporf, sixtj'-eiglit men. 

Lx-k Hav.'ii Band, 'sixtwn men. 

Daiintii'^-' HiKik ami Ladder Company, of Ijock Haven, iorty-four men. 
The boy! had tlit-ir carriage in line. 

CaUiract Steam Fire Engine Company, Lock Haven, Ibrty men in line 
with hose-carriage. 

Good Will Fire Company, of Harrisburg, twenty-five men. The boys 
were in line with their steamer, named in Iionor of the Mayor of Harrisburg, 
William T. Verbeke. 

Harrisburg Band, fifteen men. 

Mt. Vernon Hook and Ladder Company, of Harrisburg, thirty-four men 
in line with carriage and ladders. 

A^''ashiugtun Hteani Fire Engine Company, of Williamsport, fifty-seven 

Drum C'lH]!.-! of Harrisburg, with eight men. They belonged to the 
"Hope" Fire Company, of that city. 

Hope Steam Fire Comimuy, No. 2, of Harrisburg, Ibrty-six men. The 
boys had iu line a large and beautiful fiiur-wheeled hose-carriage, nicely 
trimmed, called " Jeiuiie Caincron." The Hope boys were iu moui-ning, on 
account of tlie sad death of a member, George Lower, who was struck by a 
bridge in looking out of the car window, at Dauphin, on their way up, and 
almost instantly killed. 

Sunbury Boys in Bine, under Captain William Helm, These were young 
fellows of ages ranging from 12 to IG years, fired ^vitli military ardor and a 
desire to do Iionor to the occar^ion, which they did. 

Sunbury Boys in White, called the " Washington Guards," under Captain 
Robert Grant. These were still more juvenile in age and appearance. They 
marched like velerans, and witli their impro\Tsed wooden-guns, presented a 
strong inilitaiy rcseniljain'c. 

The entire lire ik-iiarlnicot nf the parade looked well, and all behaved 
admirably. The niniu.-'t gond order prevailed as well as good feeling among 
all the ortiaiiizatinns. 

Till' JJiir oj M'irch. — The route of -procession was irom Market square to 

Froni -itrci-l- uj. Front to Arch- out Arch to Fourth- down Fourth to Wal- 

F pF C e= estn Fifth p 

Fiih kfaqaien t\ d 

k pes. asd ed d Ihpesa 

T & D — T 

d d diD er h gh th 

Afttn-nuun Exercises.— M two o'clock, the time appointed, tlie aftei-noou 
exercises commenced. A stand tivelve by thirty-two feet had been erected 
at the western-end nf Market square, and trimmed with spruce and flags. 
A large portrait of General Washington, loaned by H. B. Masser, Esq., 
adorned the center in liont, whilp two large silk fings procured at Harri-s- 
burg, by A. N. Brice, Esq., hung from either end. The meeting was organ- 
ized at tlie time named by calling Hon. AVilliam L. Dewnrt t-i the chair. 

The following Vice Presidents, all of them over sixty-five yeai-s of age, 
were ap]ininted : 

Sebastian Bougbner, Esq., Philip Renn, Col. Elisha Kline, Jacob Seasholtn, 
Jacob Eckiiian, L=aac Kline, Mr. Knouss, Samuel T. Brown, Peter Baldy, 
of Danville, John M.iore, Hugh Teats, Esq., Dr. Xolin Raker, John D. Con- 
rad, Daniel Hilemaii, Mr. Strosser, Jacob Bloom, Benjamin Knous (Ti-evor- 
ton), John Starner, John Taggart, Jei>se Horton, AVilliam Foi-syth, John 
Hileman, Francis Bucher, John Shive, Henry Billington, George Prince, 
William H. Muench, Mordecai Lawrence, Andrew C. Huston. 

Of these old heroes of more than bnlf-a-ceutury, Geurge Prince, was 
tlien eighty-four yeare of age. He kept many years ago tlie St. Lawrence 
Hotel, in Sunbury. He is now deceased. Sebaatiau Buughner was then 
seventy-ibur yeai-s of age. He was a solrlier of 1812. and fought at the cap- 
ture of Fort Erie, iu 1814. Andiew C. Huston, an old printer, was then 
eighty-five yeai^s old. He noiv resides in North iimberlaud, where, some 
se\'entj' years ago, he learned his trade ivitli Andrew Kennedy, in the North- 
umberland Gazette office. All these old men labored actively in the early 
historic times of this neighboriiood and County. 

Seereuiries :■— Solomon Malick, Esq., A F. Brice, Esq., of Sunbury ; M. B. 
Priestly, of Nortliumheriand ; B. M. Bubb, of Georgetown ; Frank John, of 
Shamoiiin, C. 0. Bachmau, of Watertowu, and R. M. Frick, ofMiltou. 

JIajor Dewart then called the meeting to order, and briefly addressed the 
crowd as follows : 

"Fellow CUi'zemt— It is with pride and pleasure that I assume the duties 
assigned me by the committee and yourselves. This is a glorious day for 
old Sunbury — a glorious day for Solomon Malick, Esq., oui- worthy and 
most excellent Chief Burgess, who conceived this successful centennial cele- 
bration of our town. This is a great day, because it is the recurring anni- 
versary of our National Independence, as well as the one-hundredth anniver- 
sarj' of our existence as a horougli. We are here assembled to celebrate the 
centennial of our now wide-awake town. We will uot all likely he present 
at the next hundredth annivei-sary. It is likely that I will be the only one 
present at that coining celebration, I was not here at the last celebration. I 
think my wife was sick, or I w-as cutting grass. But I will not take u]] time 
irith these introductory remarks. I return to you, and all the organizations 
present, the hearttelt thanks of all our people for your participation in these 
ceremonies on this great occasion. I now have the honor of introducing to 
you, as the orator of the day, a gentleman ivho has lived among us for fifty- 
seven years — a gentleman of large judicial experience and ability — the Hon. 
Alexander Jordan." 

Judge Jordan occupied about thirtj'-fivc minute.^ in the delivery of his ad- 
dress. He said the meeting was called for thrive iibji-i-ts. First, to celebrate 
flie centennial anniversary of the borough nf Saiilim y ; second, to celebrate 
the anniversary of our National ludepuodcocc, and third, to select a spot in 
the public square, on which to erect a monument to the memory of the bmve 
men who fell in the great Rebellion. He referred to the probable condition 
of the place on which Sunbury is located, at the time of its location one hun- 
dred years ago, by whom the survey was made ; the reason why its growth 
twas not more rapid ; its population in 1815 ; the number of brick and other 
buildings at that time ; and its present population and impi-ovements. 

In speaking of the second object, he referred to the oppressive system of 

B Parliament in reterence to the colonics; the 

d g g id Parliament to the appeals made by the 

es termination of the colonies to be free. The 

p D ndependence ; the war and its glorious termi- 

p hapjiy form of government, influence of our 

R rm p es nations, and how our government could be 

d t, bespoke of tlie propriety and duty of living 

to the memory of the men who fell iu battle 
le lo.^s of valuable life; of the strength of 
lot be destroyed by the unhallowed touch of 
ent of the momentous questinu of starving, 
g es. that we could now emphatically sing, " This 

IS d ome of the brave." 



According to previous nn-fingeiiient, Hon. A. Jordan and Hon. Simon 
Cameron then proceeded ivith nxe, slakes, and tape-liue, together with the 
soldier's eommittee, A. N. Brice, Bleber Painter, Genera! Clement, S. H. 
lOiowles, and E. M. Biieher, to measure off the site for a County Soldiera' 
Monument to be erected in Market square. These gentlemen then meas- 
ured off the ground lor the base which will be fifteen feet square, and located 
nearly opposite the residence of S. J. Packer, Esq. After the measurement 
had been made, anif stakes driven. General Cameron stepped to one side, and 
by invitation of the committee addressed a few remarks, in substance as 

"My Friends of Old Northumberland County.— I am proud to be among 
you to-day. Siuce my boyhood days, and since I left this portion of Penn- 
sylvania, to enter more actively into the race of life, ver>- many of the old 
familiar faces have disappeared. I take pleasure in visiting your town at 
least onec in a year, and very frequently mucli oftener. I remember well 
the time when you did not have any railroads, and long before the time when 
the canal was dug on the other side of the river. At that time, I suggested 
that the eanal should go on the eastern side of tlie Susquehanna, because of 
the coal which filled ihese mountains; but the projector of that enterprise 
hooted at the idea, and said the canal was intended to be used in transport- 
ing the produce of the rich farms beyond the western side of the river, 
and so it went there. I refer with pleasure to the fact that I presided at tlfe 
first railroad meeting held in your old court house, to project the first rail- 
road to your town. The untold wealth underlying the hills which surround 
you, as yet but little improved and delved, will gradually populate and im- 
prove the valley, until the Susquehanna Valley will be the richest aud the 
most populous in the State. The time will eome when Northumberland and 
Sunbury will form one city, a community of interests, and of population, all 
bent on one object — improvement. The time will come when the bridges 
between Sunbury and Northumberland will be thrown open to free travel, 
and other bridges will be erected across this river; and some of you may live 
to see the day when a large and growing town will be built over on the Blue 
Hill. These may seem like idle prophesies, but I have been accustomed to 
look forward to the future, aud you may live to see more than tliis fully 
realized. Wheu I lett your midst, I thought for many yeare I would come 
back here and make this my honie aud my final resting-place, but that will 
not be so now. I I'emember how I went forth a poor boy, but I did not go 
■without friends. Everybody in this County seemed friendly toward me, aud 
took me kindly by the hand. And let me say here, that kind words given 
to a boy are wortli tuns of money in after life. In later years the friendli- 
ness of the people of your County has been warmly extended, by both Re- 
publicans and Demoerats, and I have felt your generous words and acts of 
approval as you have said, go ahead, Simon. And so I say to you all, go 
ahead ! and God bless you." 

After the above remarks had been concluded, Judge Jordan and General 
Cameron went back to the stand. 

A. N. Brice, Esq., Chairman of the Committee to raise funds for the Sol- 
diers' Monument, then announced the following subscriptions to that object : 
Colonel James Cameron Post, .... S3.50 00 

Hon. A. Jordan, 200 00 

Hon. Simon Cameron, 200 00 

Hon. J. B. Packer, 200 00 

William I. Greenough, Esq., 200 00 

Hon. William M. Rockefeller, .... 100 00 

Hon. William L. Dewart, 100 00 

S. P. Wolvcrton, Esq., 100 00 

Colonel George Wugenseller, . . . . 50 00 

Hollowing Run Council, No. 285, O. U. A. M., . 25 00 

An account of the Soldiers' Monument Association will be found under its 
appropriate head. 

The next speaker was T. H. Purdy, Esq., who delivered a historical ova- 
tion, which was subsequently published. Before be was through, however, a 
heavj' shower interrupted the proceedings, aud the rain rlid m.t cease till five 
o'clock. Hon. J. B. Packer and Hon. Frank Bound were also to speak, but 
the rain prevented. 

Prof. Light's balloon "Aerial" which had been inflating during the day, 
fas detained on account of the heavy fall of rain, but at 6 o'clock the Pro- 
easor sailed out in his balloon into nud-aii-. He moved rapidly in a north- 
astei-ly direction. He landed about thi-ee miles ftom town near Charles 

Moore's farm, after an ascent of about half-an-hour. In decending, his Ml 
was rapid and uncontrolable, and be injured his ankle. The Professor and 
his balloon were brought into town tlie same evening. Tlie balloon ascension 
cost the committee about five hundred and seventy-five dollars. 

A display of fire-works was bad in the evening from a flat on the river, at 
a cost of one hundred and sixty-five dollars. Thus ended the festivities of 
the one-hundreth anniversary of the settlement of Sunbury. 

The same causes which made Sunbury an important Indian town, make it 
an important American city. It is a railroad and commercial centre — a 
city in its infancy, surrounded by all the elements of wealth and by nature's 
richest scenery. To be convinced of this, go to the grave of John Mason, 
upon Blue Hill, or up to the old prospect chestnut, upon Catawissa road, 
and feast your eyes upon tlie unmatched beauty of the scene. From out the 
misty distance come the creeping trains upon six lines of rail. The old 
canals unite their waters with the gentleness of age. The mighty rocks rise 
up as sentinels on either side. Two growing towns lift up their spires, and 
from their stacks send up .the smoky ensign of a nation's toil. View next 
the green-clad islands, which seem to rise aud slumber in tlie silvery sheen 
below, laved witli tlie rippling waters from tliese mingling Susquehannas, 
coming, as they do, from Wyalusing and Wyoming on the north, to join the 
mists of Clearfield, and the silvery fountains of Emporium. "Wliat more 
could Nature add, unless it were the broad, blue mirror of Sliamokin dam? 

The first number of the Sunbury American was issued September 12tb, 
1840, by Messrs. H. B. Jlasser and JosepJi Eisely, Mr. Masser being editor 
and proprietor, and Mr. Eisely, the publisher. It liad a sudden and unex- 
pected birth by virtue of the following circumstances: Northumberland 
County was at that time largely Democratic, and a nomination was almost 
equal to an election. A split occurred in the Democratic County Convention 
on the selection of a candidate for the .Vsseinbly, Jesse C. Horton, of Point, 
being the choice of tlie upper end, and C. W. Hegins, of Sunbury, 
that of the lower end of the County. The friends of Mr. Hegins, not satisfied 
with the action of the delegates, witlidreiv aud recommended him as the 
candidate of the people. 

There was; at that time, only one paper published in the lower part of the 
County— the Sunbury On; eHf,— which, unexpecte<lly to the fi-iends of Mr. 
Hegins, espoused the cause of Mr. Hortou. Two other papers, the Millo- 
nian (Whig,) and Ledger (Democratic), were both published at Milton. As 
the latter also supported Mr. Horton, the Hegins party was lett without an 
irgan. This party embracing many of the most inOuential and intelligent 

s of the County, it h 

wived, a 

J establish ii 

The result was, that, in a very few days, the Simbiiry American made its 
app nc und r th n a „cn t of H B MaKO n 1 tl e late Hon. Chas. 
G D uel "MM su s ^ e ly becan e sole on luctor of the new 

jo ru 1 nl ] J oon beeaneafivel t tut on It took, from 

it= f. tnl I ct t ft 

lu l'*43 el (. i ler was tarted n the same 

ofh e and n- 1 t 1 e | ublished. 

OntI ftp. \ II tl e Jn eriwin, whicli 

was ondu ted Al 14 he Mr Emanuel WC- 

vert became jit Lu In V 16 M N s Eugle as taken in as a 
jiartner and tl e hru b an e Masser W Ivcrt mil Eugle In April, 1869, 
Messrs Masser and Eugle letired fion the bus nes., an I the A neriean has 


since been under tlie exclusive control of Mr. Wilvert, who has fiinee enlarged 
the establisliment, by the addition of steam and power-presses, and other 
essential materials. 

In the latter part of President Buchanan's administration, the Aiiwrkan, 
wliicli was previously a Democratic journal, espoused the cntise of the gov- 
ernment, and vigorously supported the administration, tlirougli tlie terrible 
struggles of the late Civil AVar, and has continued a staunch Republican 

The Norlhumberland Couiiiy Democrat, published at Suubury, was estab- 
lished March 8th, 1861, by T. H. Purdy and CjTiis 0. Eachman. The5«n- 
bury Gazette had, up to that lime, been the recognized organ of the Democratic 
party, of Northumberland Countj-, when it tlirew ofiits fealty to that party, 
and became a Republican paper; hence the establishing oi' tliL- Democrat, 
which has since done unremitting service for the Democracy. Mr. Bachman 
retired several years atler the paper was established, and left Jlr. Purdy sole 
proprietor, who continued as such til! January 1st, 18fi7, when J, E. Eichlioltz 
and John J. Auten, took control. This firm continued in existence but six 
months, after which J. E. Eichholtz was sole proprietor, till July 1st, 1868, 
when Alvin Day became a-ssociatcd with him. This firm continued for 
tliree years, when Mr. Eichlioltz again became, ami still c 
editor and proprietor. 

The Sunbury Daily was established December 6th, 1872, and has been 
published ever since, except for a single month. J. E. Eic-hhohz was the 
projector of the enterprise, and has remained its pruprietor, ever since. It 
has, however, been edited and publithed hy various parties, and the editor 
and publisher, at present, is G. G. Frysinger. It is published in Mr. Eichholtz's 
Democrat office. 

The establishment in which the Gazette is printed is one of the oldest in 
central Pennsj-lvania. It was established in 1812, by John G. Youugnmn, 
who, coming from Maryland, where he had been working as a journeyman 
printer, in Hagerstown, Frederick and Baltimore, started the publication of 
a German newspaper in Sunbury, with the title of the Northwestern Fast, a 
name which was considered appropriate to this section of country at that 
time. It was Republican in politics, advocating the Jefferaonian principles. 
This name was continued until the building of the canals by the State, when 
it was changed to the Canal Boat, suiting the popular interest that then pre- 
vailed in regard to internal improvement. 

About 1833, the publication of the German paper was discontinued, and an 
English paper wa.'i started, named tlie Worklngmen's Advocate. This name 
was continued until 1839, when it was changed to the Gazette, by which title 
it has been known since. "When the name Gozctic was assumed, theoriginal 
proprietor, John G. Youngroan, connected his eldest sou, George B. Young- 
man, in partnership, in its publication, and they eontiuued it until 1855, 
when it went into the hantls of its pn-sent proprietors, A. A. and John 
Youngmau, with John Youngmnri as editor. The politics of the English 
publication (TCont/ii^nitd'.- AdvwaU' and Gazette.) were Democratic until 
1861, when the Gor««c look sides wilh the Republican party, and still re- 
mains in connection with that political organization. 

Its circulation is quite extensive in the County in which it is publbhed, 
besides exteudmg to neighboring counties and beyond the limits" of the State. 
John G. Youngmau, the original proprietor, died in September, 1871, at the 
advanced age of eighty-six years. He did work as a compositor in the office 
within a year previous to his death. George B. Youngmau, who was con- 
nected with his lather in the publication of the paper, engaged in agi-iculture 
in 1861, and has been quite successful in fruit-niising and wine-making. 


The following exhaustive record of Sunbury in the late C'ivil War, is from 
an oration delivered by A.N. Brice, Esq., on Decoiatiun-day, May 29th, 1875. 

On the morning of loth of April, 1861, three day--^ atUT the attack on 
Sumpter, word was received in Sunbury, that President Liniolu has issued 
a call for seventy-five thousand men to serve ibr three muutlis, in putting 
down tlie Southern Rebellion. 

The whole community at once became wild with excitement, and eulist- 
meuta commenced under the auspices of Captain C. J. Bruner and Lieu- 
tenant J. P. S. Gobin. The following extracts from Mr. Brice's diary will 
bring in present review, tlie excitjng scenes of that eventfiil time: 

"April 19th, '61, — The excitement is growing intense. The people are 
wild with enthusiasm. The Star Spangled Banner has been raised aloft, and 
proudly waves from everj' prominent building. Party-lines and controversies 
have disappeared, and every heart heats to the call of country. Troops from 
all parts oi' the State are pouring in. 

"Saturday, April 20th, '61. — Part of a company, numbering about 
thirty men, was raised in Sunbury, and stnrted for Harrisbug. 

"Sunday, April 21st, '61. — The remainder of the c&mpany, numbering 
between forty and fifty men, was raised, and in the afternoon, at the beating 
of the drum, the men met and drilled, and in the evening, marched to the 
Lutheran church, where Rev. Rizer preached a sermon on the 'crisis,' The 
house wiis immensely crowded. The ladies were engaged all day in making 
shirts and necessary articles for the soldiers. Sunday turned into battaliou* 
day for the protection of the flag ! Long may it wave ! 

"Monday, April 22d, '61, — At an early hour the people began to as- 
semble at the depot to bid farewell to the remainder of ou)' volunteer. By 
the time the cars arrived, thousands had collected, and the scene was truly 
grand and inspiring. An immense train of soldiers came down. They 
were greeted with wild shouts by the multitude. Our boys were soou aboard 
the train. The silent tear was shed, the farewell given, and they were oif, 
amid the nittling of drums and the shouts of the excited populace, for the war. 
, "Tuesday, April 23d, '61.— Tlie excitement continues unabated and still 
increasing. Companies are passing through, and are greeted with wild 
cheers hy the excited throng. The ladies of Sunbury are vicing with each 
other in their offices of benefaction aud love. They are carrying armfuls of 
provision to the soldiers, who, in turn, cry, ' God bless the ladies of Sunbury, 
and three cheers!' 

" Wednesday, April 24th, '61.— The quota of seventy-five thousand men 
is filled." 

I desire to record here my tribute of jiraise to the noble women of the war. 
It is with a very large degree of pride, that I call to mind their self- 
sacrificing efforts for the relief and comfort of the troops as they passed 
through to the front. I doubt whether a town in the United States did more 
through its patriotic women than ours. While a member of the Army of 
the Potomac, and of the James, I frequently heard soldiers from difterent 
States speak in the highest terms of praise of the ladies of Sunbury. Many 
of those large-hearted women who took an active part then, who cheered and 
labored for the soldier, have gone also to their rest. Let the tear he shed 
for them as well. Let the heart beat for them. Let the evergreen be 
spread and the flower strewn upon their graves also, and the living we 
will remember till the last roll-call summons the last of us to the other land. 
The man who deserves the honor of first leaving Sunbury for the war, was 
Isaac R. Dunkleberger, who afterwards rose to the rank of brevet-colonel in 
the regular army. He is now living in California. 

One of the first who left Sunbury was C^»l. James Cameron, commander of 
the celebrated New York Highlanders. He was in the first battle of Bull 
Run, iu July '61, and was there killed. His name will he carved ou our 
granite mounment as the first soldier from Northumberland County who gave 
up bis lile in the war. 

The soldier who served longest in the war was Samuel Miller, of Sunbury. 
He enlisted in company I, Fourteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, for three 
months ; served lour years and four months in company C, Forty-seventh 
Pennsylvania Voluntcere. He then remained at home about two months, 
aud enlisted in company I, Thirteentb United States infantry ; served a year 
iu this, when it was consolidated with the Thirty-first United Slates infautiy; 
servcd'in the Thirty-first United States infantry two years. The Thirty-first 
and Twenty-second were then consolidated. He served three yciirs in the 
Tweutv-second regiment, and was then honorably discharged for disability 
arising from hard service, havuig served in the army over ten yeara. While 
in the Indian wars, after the close of the Rebellion, he shot and killed an 
Indian eliief, tJius saving the life of Dr. J. P. Wright, who, out of gratitude, 
gives Samuel a bounty of ten dollars per month. He was a brave, faithful 

The first company from Sunbury was lettered F, and made part of the 
11th regiment under Col. P. Jarrett. It was mustered April 23d, '61. 
I Their record is as follows: 



Charles J. Bruner, captain; J. P. Shindel Gobin, 1st lieut«unnt; Joseph 
H. McCnrty, 2d lieutenant; E. McCarty, 1st sergeant; Clmrles J. Pleasants, 
2d sergeant; S. Herman Helper, 3d sergeant; Jacob Rhorbaeh, 4th ser- 
geant; Samuel P. Bright, lat corporal; Clia-^. D. Wharton, 2d corporal; 
Daniel Oyster, 3d corpora! ; William Byei^, 4th corporal ; Henry D. Whar- 
ton and Jacob Weiser, nnisiciaus. 

Privates — Henry Aliviser, Julius Arbiter, Jared Brosious, Heniy Bueher, 
Robert Brooks, Samuel Bartscher, William M. Brisbon, Joseph Bright, 
Alfred Beckley, Benjamin F. Bright, Francis Carr, Wilson J. Covert, 
William Christ, Henrj- Drisel, Lewis Dnnie, David Druckamiller, Joseph 
DriseHnger, William Edge, Samuel Epter, Jacob Feight, Stephen Golding, 
Benjamin W. Giddis, Peter S. Gussler, William D. Haas, Joseph Hildebrand, 
Cliarles Harp, Harris Hoppei-, Albert Haas, Allen Hunter, Elias Heddings, 
Jnred C. Irwin, George Keihl, Daniel Michael, Chas. McFarland, Sylvester 
Myers, AVilliam Martin, John McCliiaky, Ephvaim Mefz, Robert Mastin, 
John Messner. Wm. H. Millhouse, Mahlou Myers, Philip C. Newbaker, 
George Oyster, Frederick Pill, Henry Quittchilber, Albert Robins, Reuben 
Ramsey, Aristidcs Roderigue, Lloyd T, Rohrbach, Eugene Reiser, Frederick 
Schi-auek, Hugh Smith, John Snyder, Chas. W. Stewart, John E. Seidel, 
Joseph- Smith, Earaeat Starkloff, Christian Schall, William Stedman, Charles 
Swoop, George Tucker, William Voike, Lot B. AYeitzel, George AVeyman. 

The Eleventh regiment was pUiced in the Sixth Brigade, under Colonel 
Abercombie. They did efficient service during their term of enlistment, and 
■were engaged in battle at Falling Waters, Va., on the 2d of July, IStSL In 
this engagement. Christian Scall, of Captain Bruner's company, was wounded. 
Their term of service having nearly expired, and their places being unsup- 
plied by other'lroops, Gen. Patterson made an eamrat appeal for the men to 
remain a week or ten days over their time. At the command, "Shoulder 
arms," every musket went up with a ivill, to the great satislhction of the 
General, who rode forward and exclaimed: "AVith you, my brave Blue 
Jackets, I can hold this place alone." In the special order No. 127, of Gen. 
Patterson, discharging this regiment, he uses these words; "It gives the 
Commanding General great satisfaction to say, that the conduct of the regi- 
ment has merited his highest approbation." 

On the 7th of May, 1861, President Lincoln issued a second proclamation, 
calling for forty-two thousand volunteers, tor three years; twentj'-five thou- 
sand regulai-s, for five years; and eighteen thousand seamen, for five years. 

On the 20th of August, 1861, a company, recruited for three ycare, left 
Suubury for the front, under Captain J. P. S. Gobin, and were mustered in 
on the 2d of September, 1861. It was lettered C, and placed in the 47th 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, under the command of Colonel Tilghman H, 'Good, 
In making a record of this company, I have enumerated out of it only those 
who went from Snnbury and vicinity, as near as I have been able to desig- 
nate them, noting fii-st those who were promoted as field-officers, etc : 

J. P. Shindel Gobin, colonel, mustered into service September 2d, '61 ; 
promoted from captain, company C, to major, July 25th, '64; to lieut«nant- 
colonel, November 4tli, '64; to colonel, January 3d, '65 ; to brevetrbrigadier 
general, March 13th, '65; mustered out December 25th, '65, with regiment. 

James A'audykc, quarter-master, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted 
from 1st lieutenant, company C, to quarter-master, September 24th, '61; 
resigned January 16th, '62. 

William M. Hendricks, sergeant-major, promoted from company C Sep- 
tember 17th, '61; discharged September 12th, '65; vet. 

Henry D. Wharton, commissary-sergeant, promoted from company C, 
commissary-sergeant July 1st, '65; discharged October 12th, '65; vet. 

The record of company C, Forty-Seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, is as 

Daniel Oyster, captain, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted to 2d 
lieutenant December 13th, '62; to Ist lieutenant April 16th, '64; to captain 
September 1st, '64; wounded at Berryville, Va,, September 5th, '64; and 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; mustered out with company December 
25th, '65. 

AVilliam Reese, Ist lieutenant, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted 
from 2d to lat lieutenant January 14th, '62; discharged April 14th, '64. 

William M. Hendricks, 1st lieutenant, mustered in September 2d, '61 ^ 
promoted to 1st lieutenant September 1st, '64; resigned May Uth, '65. 

Christian S. Beard, Ist lieutenant, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; pro- 
moted from sergeant to 2d lieuteuaut September 1st, '64; to 1st lieutenant 
July 5th, '65; mustered out with company December 25th, '65; vet. 

Jacob K. Keefer, 2d lieutenant, mustered in September 2d, '61; pro- 
moted to 2d lieutenant July 5th, '65 ; mustered out with company Decem- 
ber 26th, '65. 

Samuel Y. Haupt, 1st sergeant, musteretl in September 2d, '61 ; wounded 
at Poeotaligo, S. C, October 22d, '62; promoted to sergeant November lat, 
'64; to 1st sergeant July 5th, '65; mustered out with company December 
25th, '65; vet. 

AVilliam Fry, 1st sergeant, mustered in September 2d, '61; promoted to 
Ist sergeant September 1st, '64; prisoner from October 19th, '64, to March 
4th, '65 ; died at Sunbury, March 28th, '65 ; vet. 

Samuel Eiater, sergeant, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted to ser- 
geant December 1st, '64; mustered out with company December 25th, '65; 

William F. Finch, sergeant, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; wounded at 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; promoted to sergeant April 1st, '65; 
mustered out with company December 25th, '65; vet. 

Benjamin F. Miller, sergeant, mustered in Sejitcmber 2d, '61 ; promoted 
to sergeant August lat, '65; mustered out with company December 25th, '65. 

Peter Smelser, sergeant, mustered in September 2d, '61; discharged on 
surgeon's certificate June 17th, '64; since died in Suubury. 

William Pyers, scrgeiuit, mustered in September 2d, '61; wounded at 
Pleasant Hill, La., April 9th, '64; killed at Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, 
'64; buried in National Cemeterj-, lot 9; vet. 

Peter Haupt, sergeant, mustered in September 17th, '61; died at Hilton 
Head, November 16th, '62, of wounds received at Pocotaligo, S. C, October 
22d, '62. 

John Bartlow, sergeant, mustered in September 1st, '62; promoted to ser- 
geant September 1st, '64; killed at Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; 
buried in National Cemetery, Winchester, lot 10; vet. 

George R. Good, corporal, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted to 
corporal July 1st, '65; mustered out with company December 25th, '65; 

John H. Heira, corporal, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out 
September 18th, '64; expiration of time, 

Mark Shipman, corporal, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted to 
corporal April 1st, '65; vet; since died. 

Sanmel Pyers, musician, mustered in March 27th, '63; mustered out with 
company December 25th, '65. 

Henry D. Wharton, musician, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; promoted 
to commissary-sergeant July 1st, '65. 

J. Bolton Young, musician, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; died at Wash- 
ington, D. C, October 17th, '61. 

Henry Brown, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out 
witli company December 1.5th, '65. 

J. Weiser Bueher, private, mustered in March 8tli, '65; mustered out 
with company December 25th, '65. 

Jnred Brosius, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out \vith 
company December 25th, '65. 

Samuel H. Billington, private, mustered in September 17th, '61 ; wounded 
at Pocotaligo, S. C, October 22d, '62 ; discharged on surgeon's certificate 
July, '63. 

Martin M. Berger, private, mustered in September 1st, '61 ; captured at 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; died at Salisbury, N. C, Jnnuarj' 
6th, '65. 

R. W. Dnickeniiller, private, mustered in September 13th, '61 ; mustered 
out September 18th, '64, expiration of time. 

Abner J. Finch, private, mustered in November 20th, '63 ; mustered out 
with company December 25tb, '65. 

William Good, private, mustered in November 20th, '63 ; mustered out 
with company December 25th, '65. 

William Gehring, private, mustered in November 26th, '64; mustered 
out with company December 25th, '65. 

Alfred Hunter, private, mustered in September 2d, 1861 ; mustered out 
with company December 25th, '65. 

Henry W. Haas, private, mustered in November 27tli, '63 ; mustered out 
with company December 25tb, '63. 

Charles A^^ Harp, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out 
September 18th, '64; expiration of time. 

Freeman Haupt, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; discharged by 
general order December 2lBt, '63 ; since died in Sunbury. 

Jeremiah Haas, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; wounded at Poco- 
taligo, S. C, October 22d, '62; killed at Saline Cross Roads, La., April 
8tli '64. 

Jared C. Irvin, private, mustered in February 21at, 'Go ; mustered out 
with company December 25th, '65. 


Cornelius Kramer, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; ivounded at 
Pleasant Hil), April 9th. '64 ; mustered out December 25tb, '65, 

Lorenzo Kmnipr. privntp, mustered in February 23d, '6a ; mustered out 
■witb compiHiy I»crfinlirr L'.'ith, '65. 

D. W. Kiiiilili'. |i]!\-iL(i'. iimstcred in September 2d, '61; mustered out 
September l.^tli. 'ti-i ; ix|.i™tiiin of time. 

Theodore Kieiil, priviitc, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; killed at Cedar 
Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; buried in the National Cemetery, Wiuchester, 
lot No. 10. 

"William LrOgau, private, mustered in Februarj- 2Ist, '65 ; mustered out 
with compiiuy December 25th, '65. 

L. K. Landau, private, mustered in September 2d, '61; discharged on 
surgeon's certificate March 3d, '62 ; since died in Sunbury. 

Eli Miller, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; absent at muster out. 

Samuel Miller, private, mustered in September 2d, '61; prisouer irom 

April 8tb to July 22d, '62 ; mustered out with company December 25tb, '65. 

Johu Muush, private, mustered iu September 2d, '61 ; mustered out with 

company December 25tb, '65. 

Adam Maul, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; prisoner from May 
3d to July 22d, '64; absent ou detached duty at muster out 

Warrau McEweu, private, mustered in September 2d, '61; discharged 
OB surgeon's certificate, December 7th, '62. 

John S. Opler, jiriviite, mustered in November 20th, '63 ; mustered out 
with company December 25th, '65. 

Johu B. Otto, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out with 
company December 25th, '65. 

Hugli B. Rodrigue, private, umstered in November 27tb, '63; mustered 
out with company December 25th, '65, 

Jacob Ecnn, private, mustered in February 21st, '65 ; mustered out T^itb 
company December 25th, '65. 

P. M. Randall, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out with 
company December 25th, '65. 

Alexander Rufihner, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; mustered out 
September 18th, '64; expiration of time; since killed by a fall in Sunbury. 
Henry C. Seasholtz, private, mustered in February 23d, '65 ; mustered out 
witb company December 25th, '65. 

Ira Seasholtz, private, mustered in February 23d, '65 ; mustered out with 
company December 25th, '65. 

Henry A. Shifier, private, mustered in November 27th, '63 ; wounded at 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps 
February, '65. 

Joseph Smith, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; killed at Cedar Creeh 
Va., October 19th, '64 ; buried in National Cemetery, Winchester, lot No. 10. 
Peter Swinehart, private, mustered in November 20th, '63 ; died December 
1st, '64, of wounds received at Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, '64. 

Joliu C. Sterner, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; killed at Pleasant 
Hill, La., April 9th, '64. 

Robert W. Vincent, private, mustered in February 26th, '64; mustered 
out with company December 25th, '65. 

Dov-id Welkle, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 ; wounded at Cedar 
Creek, Va., October 19th, '64; absent (sick) at muster out 

Henry W. Wolf, private, mustered in September 2d, '61 : mustered out 
September 18th, '64, expiration of tima 

Cornelius Wenrick, private, mustered in November 26th, '63 ; mustered 
out June 6th, '65. 

George C. Watson, private, mustered iu September 2d, '61 ; died at Key 
West, Fla., August 26th, '62. 

In the same regiment, company H,, E. Masser Bucher was mustered in 
Februarj- 25th, '65, and discharged December 25tb, '65, with the company. 
The Forty-soventh regiment was in eleven engagements, viz : First capture 
of Port Finiiegiiu, October 4th, '62; St John's Bluff, Fla., October 5th, '62; 
Pocataligo, S. C, October 22d, '62;-Salino Cross Roads, La., April 23d, 
'64; Munsurn,La.,May 17th,'64; Berrj-sville, Va., September 5tb, '64; Win- 
cbcslcr. Va., September 19th, '64; Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22d, '64; 
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19tb, '64. It also took part iu nu c.\pe<litiou to 
St. John's Blutt; <.n St. John's River, Fla., iu which an amount of 
stores were- c;iptiiiu(i. In tlie (.-ampaigu of 1864, the regiment marched upwards 
.if ijiiL- tliriu-aiiil mill'-, Ii \\:i.-< in five of the Southern States, and madeuJne 
voyage- (111 m::, li \\a- I lie mily Pennsylvania regiment that participated in 
the Red Iiiv r i\|"iliiiiiii. Tliu' men re-enlisted as veterans October 13th; 
1863, and .m \U.: ;n)i <if .Jiiniiarj-, 1866, ailer a service of four yeai-s and 
four mouths, they were mustered out at Camp Cadwallader. 

Colonel Gobin, iu his incidents of the war, has this note in reference to a 
member of company C: "Benjamin F. Walls, of company C, was 65 years 
old when he enlisted; was a farinor of considerable means from Juniata, 
County. When examined at Harrii-burg the surgeon pronounced liim too 
old for tJio service. 'By the Lord!' exclaimed the Squire, 'I have yet to 
learn Jhat a man ever becomes too old to sen-e bis country!' He was passed, 
was made color-sergeant, was wounded severely at Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, 
but aftenvards returned to his regiment and served out his tliree yeai-s." 

It is said of Martin Berger, of this company, that after bis capture, and 
while a prisoner at Salisbury, North Carolina, he bun-owed a hole iu the 
ground to protect himself from the weather. He died, and was buried in 

that f 

B hole. 

George C. AVatson, of the same company, died at Key West, Florida. He 
was cared ibr by the company and a monument worth seventy-five dollars 
was erected by them to bis memory. 

The next company from Suubury was beaded by Captain John Buyers. It 
wag partly raised in Luzerne County, and was mustered into the Fifty-eighth 
Pennsylvania VoluutecR, under Colonel J. Richter Jones, iu January and 
February, 1862, as company I. A regimental organization was effected on 
the 13tb of February, 1862. The regiment re-enlisted, aud was finally mus- 
tered out January 24tb, 1866. Moore, in liis rebellion record, volume six, says 
of the Fifty-eighth, '■ There are thousands at the north who curse the army for 
inaction, who, if they knew half the brave things done bv the men in the 
field,' would be shamed to silence by their deeds of valor. Colonel Jones and 
his heroes of the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania have done some splendid work, 
and by bis vigilance has made the bushwliackers cry for quarter." The cap- 
tain of company I, John Buyers, was a number-one man," and the com- 
manding officer when it was mustered out, Captain Heber Painter, was as 
true a soldier as ever lived. I knew the men of this command while in ser- 
vice, and can say of them they were good soldiers and never dishonored the 
fair fame of our town in the annals of the war. Among its best soldiers who 
deserve honorable mention, were Sergeants William H. Blair and William 
B. Martin, Color-Corporal Robert Martin aud others. To this company 
belongs the honor of first entering the rebel Capital after the surrender, and 
Robert Martin, of Suubury, carried the first flag into the city of Richmond 
at the bead of our \'ictorious army. 

The record of this company who belong to Sunbury aud vicinity is as 
follows : 

John Buyers, captain, mustered in January 28th, '62; res g d M j 
30th, ''63. 

Heber Painter, 1st lieutenant, mustered in October 8tli, '61 p t d 
from private to 1st sergeant November 26tb '64; to 1st lieute t M h 
1st, '65; commissioned captain January 23d, '66 ; — not mustered — mu t d 
out with company, January 24tb, '66. 

Wm. H. Blak, 1st sergeant, mustered in November 20th, '61 j t d 

to corporal December Ist, '64 ; to 1st sergeant March 1st, '65; co n s^ d 
1st lieutenant January 23d, '66; — notraustered — mustei-ed out mtl mpany 
January 24tb, '66. 

Samuel Wolf, sergeant, mustered in October 8th '61 ; promoted t rp 1 
October 1st, '64; 1st sergeant April 25th, '75; commissioned 2d li t n t 
January 23d, '66; — not mustered — mustered out with company. 

Wm. H. Gass, sergeant, mustered in October 8th, '61 ; promoted t p ral 
January 25tb, '65 ; to sergeant April 25th, '65 ; mustered out witl i j 

Norman W. Haas, sergeant, mustered in October 8th, '61 ; ] t d t 

corporal June lOtb, '65 ; to sergeant June 26th, '65 ; mustered t tl 

George W. EJose, sergeant, mustered in January 23d, '62; died t S ff Ik 
Va., December lltb, '62. 

Robert Martin, corporal, mustei-ed in October 8th, '61 ; p t d t 
corporal ; prisonei- from September 20th to October 20tb, '64 ; m t d t 
ivith com 1)11 ny. 

Hiraui Fisher, corporal, mustered in December 30th, '61 ; pronmted to 
corporal April 1st, '65 ; mustered out ivith company. 

Samuel Taylor, corporal, mustered in October 8th, '61 ; promoted to 
corporal April 8th, '65 ; mustered out with company. 

John Fisher, corporal, mustered in December 30tb, '61; promoted to 
corporal April 24th, '65 ; mustered out ivith company. 

H. Housowart, corporal, mustered in December 18tb, '61 ; killed in action 
September 29tb, '64. 

Solomon Yordy, corporal, mustered in January 23d, '62; promoted to cor- 
poral December 18tb, '62 ; mustered out January 25th, '65 ; expiration of time. 



Jos. Crist, corporal, mustered iii October Sth, *61 ; promoted to corporal 
January 28d, '62 ; niustered out November 19tli, '64 ; expiration of time. 

Daniel Bouglmcr, corporal, niuatered in January 13t]i, '62; promoted to 
corporal October 27 tli, '62; trausferred to Fourth U. S: artillery November 
24th, '62. 

John Mullen, musiciuu, mustered in November 20th, 'Gl; mustered out 
ivith eompauy. 

Samuel Bartshor, private, mustered in October Sth, '61; mustered out 
Tvith company. 

Martin L. Bloom, private, mustered in October 8th, '61; died in Nortli- 
umberland County, December 7th, '64; vet. 

Samuel Crist, private, mustered in November 28th, '61; mustered out 
■with company. 

Daniel Conrad, private, mustered in October 8th, '61; killed at Cold 
Harbor, June 3d, '64. 

Benjamiu F, Diebl, private, mustered in October Sth, '61 ; discharged on 
surgeon's certificate, June 20th, '65. 

Pliilip Forester, private, mustered in October 28th, '61 ; mustered out 
January 24th, '65; to date October 28th, '64; expiration of time. 

Solomon Fasold, private, mustered in January 23d, '62; transferred to 
Fourth U. S. artillery November 24th, '62. 

Henry Gutsclmll, private, mustered in December 29th, '61 ; wounded in 
action September 29th, '64; absent at muster out. 

John Groner, private, mustered in January 29tb, '62; discharged October 
lOtb, '65; for wounds received at Cold Harbor, June 3d, '64. 

Emanuel Gut^schall, private, mustered in March 23d, '62; di'oivned in 
Paradise Creek, Va., August 10th, '62. 

Wm. Galagher, private, mustered in December 11th, '61; died June 13th, 
'64, of wounds received at Cold Harbor, June 3d, '64; buried at Alexan- 
dria, Va. 

Harris A. Hopper, private, mustered in December 12th, '61 ; mustered out 
with company. 

Samuel Heim, private, mustered in January 23d, '62; mustered out Feb- 
ruary 3d, '65; expiration of time. 

James Hoey, private, mustered in October 8th, '61 ; died at Hagerstown, 
Md., January Uth, '65. 

Wm. B, Martin, private, mustered in October Sth, '61; mustered out with 

Henry Miller, private, mustered in January 23d, '62; discharged on sur- 
geon's certificate May 19tb, '62. 

Charles A. Peal, private, mustered in January 23d, '62; died at Camp 
Suffolk, Va., December 2d, '61. 

John Reed, private, mustered in December 12th, '61; wounded at Cold 
Harbor June 3d, '64; mustered out with company. 

William Reeser, private, mustered in January 23d, '62; died at Washing- 
ton, N. C, August 30tli, '63. 

Elias Raker, private, mustered in December 9th, '61 ; died at Fortress 
Monroe, Va., of wouuds received at Chapin Farm, September 29th, '64; mus- 
tered out with company. 

John G. Snyder, private, mustered in October Sth, '61 ; wounded at Fort 
Harrison, Va., September 29th, '64; mustered out with company. 

Jacob Slougb, private, mustered in October Sth, '61 ; mustered out with 

Emanuel Stroh, private, mustered in October Sth, '61 ; died October 20th, 
'64; buried at Alexandria, 

DeLaF S. AVynu, private, mustered in October Sth, '61 ; wounded in ac- 
tion September 29th, '64; absent at muster out. 

Peter Zeliff, private, mustered in October Stii, '61 ; transferred to company 
H, January, '62. 

In the summer of 1862, the President made a call for three hundred thou- 
sand more men, and some of those ibr nine mouths. Under this call, T. R. 
Jones, formerly of Su)'dertown, and A. N. Brice, of Sunbury, by authority 
from Gov. Curtiu, at once recruited a company, commeucing July 29th, 1862. 
In the evening of that day, a meeting was held in the old court house, wbich 
stood on Market square. It was largely attended, and was very enthusiastic. 
A strong speech was made by Hon. J. B. Packer in favor of the company- I 
cannot but refer in this public manner out of common gratitude to the kind- 
ness of this gentleman. When I most needed help he was ready with money 
and influence, aud used both freely in my belialfl He deserves special mention 
in this particular, because his liand and heart wei-e always open to perform 
some kind act. The public knew little of the numberless instances of his 
generosity, I was also indebted to Hon. Alexander Jordan, my preceptor, 

for sterling aounsel and valuable aid. Although a Democrat, he was always 
as ready as any in counseling a patriotic coui-se and in vindicating and main- 
taining the honor of an assailed country. Age lias not dimmed his faculties, 
deadened his patriotism, nor lessened liis friend.'ihip. 

We started for Ilarrisburg, August 9th, 1862, and were mustered in the 
14th of August, 1862, moving to the front on the 19th of August, as com- 
pany C, One Hundred and Thirty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, under 
Colonel P. H. Allabach. The regiment, alter r&iching Washington, D. C, 
was ordered over into Virginia, It remained there till September 14th, 
1S62, when it was ordered to move with the army of the Potomac to 
Antietam, engaging in that whole campaign. After Antietara, it marched 
through Warrenton to Fredericksburg, and participated in the battle at that 
place in December, 1862. The number of men lost there in killed, was 
twenty-one; wounded, one hundred and thirty-two; missing, twenty-four. 
Among the killed was Lieutenant, William A. Bruner, formerly of Sunburj-, 
and among the wounded were Captain I. B. Davis, of Milton, and Lieutenant 
J. R. Irwin, of Watsontown. Among the men killed in my own company 
was Landis Starner, of Sunbury, as brave a boy as ever ivent to war. The 
company also participated in the Burnside muddy march, and in the battle 
of Chancellorsville. It was highly complimented by General A. A. Hum- 
phreys when discharged. 

At the time of our return home. May 25tb, 1863, we were received very 
kindly by the citizens. A parade was formed of tlie tovnx council, soldiers 
of 1812, committee of citizens, a band, discharged soldiers, and fire compa- 
nies with their old engines of that day, and marched through the streets. A 
speech of welcome was delivered to us in the square by Hon. J. B. Packer, 
afler which the company marched to the Central Hotel, where a committee 
of ladies. Mrs. William L. Dewart, Mrs. L. T. Rohrbach (tlieu Miss Jennie 
Haas,) Mrs.C. H. Faust (then Miss Lilah Wetker,) Mrs. Captain Terrington 
(then Miss Jlarj' Friling,^ and Miss Amelia Kiehl, had prepared a most 
sumptuous supper. It was heartily eaten, and the boys separated for their 

The company record is as follows: 

Thomas R. Joues, captain, mustered out with company May 23d, '63. 

Joseph L. Reeder, 1st lieutenant, discliarged November 29th, '62. 

A. N. Brice, 1st lieutenant, promoted from 2d lieutenant, January 1st, '63 ; 
mustered out with company. 

Owen M. Fowler, 2d lieuteuaut, promoted from sergeant March 1st, '63 ; 
mustered out with company. 

David M. Nesbit, 1st sergeant, mustered out with company. 

Lott B. Weitzel, sergeant, mustered out with company. 

George M. Arnold, sergeant, promoted from corporal September 14th, '62; 
mustered out with company. 

Ephraim Foulke, sergeant, promoted from corporal August 2d, '62; mus- 
tered out with company. 

Lorenzo D. Robins, sergeant, promoted to hospital steward August 26th, 

Samuel Bower, corporal, mustered out with company. 

Ira M. Rockefeller, corporal, nmstered out with company. 

Silas R. Suyder, corporal, mustereil out with company. 

Charles P. Scasholti!, corporal, wounded at Fredericksburg, Va.,December 
12th, '62; mustered out with company. 

Solomon P. Klase, corporal, promoted to corporal September 14th, '62; 
mustered out with company. 

John Ed. Eckmau, corporal, promoted to corporal Kfarch 1st, '63 ; mus- 
tered out witli company. 

John A. Bucher, corporal, discharged on surgeon's certificate March 22d, 

John G. Blair, corporal, mustered out with company. 

Samuel Swank, corporal, promoted to corporal September l4th, '62; 
wounded at Fredericksburg, Va,, December 13th, '62; discharged on sur- 
geon's certificate February 12tli, 'ii'-i. 

James E. Forrt'ater, mui^iriaii, iinii^t'.'Lvd nut with company. 

Kimber C. Farrow, iiui.-iii^ui, iini>,l <>iii with comi)any. 

Jes^e M. Auchmuty, jirlvaii , iiiii-iii.n niii wiiji company. 

Milton Bastress, private, lL]^l^il nd mu wiili ..uinpany. 

Ed. L. Beck, private, lml^ll i-d mit wiili i iiiii]i!Uiy. 

William H. Reck, privaic. ali-mi |ri:ii)i,(l service at muster out. 

Benjamin F. Barnhart, piivaii-, nni-tiii .[ with company, 

Cyrus G. Bittenbender, private, Jiiu>liinl mit with company. 

Sylvauus A. Bird, private, wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., December 
13th, '62; mustered out with company. 


John R. Boughner, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate December 
22d, '62. 

Joseph Conrad, private, mustered out with company, 
Charles H. Culp, private, mustered out with company. 
John L, Cooper, private, mustered out with company. 
Hiram Dill, private, mustered out with company. 

John Dawson, private, diacliarged on surgeon's certificate February 16th, 

Wesley Ely, private, mustered out with company. 
John Ernst, private, mustered out with company. 
"William Evert, private, mustered out mth company, 
George D. Irwin, private, mustered out with company. 
John K, Erdman, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate February 
loth, '63. 

John Evert, private, killed at Fredericksburg, December 13th, '62. 
John Fox, private, musteied out witli company. 

George Farley, private, discharged ou surgeon's certificate Februaiy 7th, '63. 
Peter Fisher, private, killed at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13th, '62, 
William Good, private, mustered out with company. 
Jacob T. Hepner, private, mustered out with compauy. 
Elias Hoover, private, wounded at Fredericksburg, Va. ; mustered out 
with compauy. 

James Hunt, private, mustered out with company. 
Samuel J, Hney, private, mustered out with company. 
Adam S. Haas, private, mustered out with company. 
James Harris, private, mustered out ivith compauy. 
Francis Hoover, private, mustered out with company. 
John Hofl'mau, private, mustered out mth company. 
Frederick K. Hammer, private, mustered out with company. 
John K. Haas, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate February 
12tb, '63. 

Thomas Johnsou, private, mustered out with company, 
Abraham Culp, private, mustered out mth company. 
Moses Kulp, private, wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13th, 
'62; mustered out with company. 

James Kincaid, private, mustered out ivith company. 
T. Kopjieuheffer, private, mustered out with compauy. 
Joel Koppenliefier, private, mustered out with company. 
Daniel M. Kerschner, private, nmstered out with comjiany. 
Peter Kulp, private, wounded at Fi-edericksburg, Va,, December 13th, 
'62; mustered out with company. 

Jacob KeLser, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate March 6tb, '63, 
Jeremiah Koppenheffer, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate Sep- 
tember 29tb, '62. 

George W. Lavan, private, killed at Fredericksburg, December 13th, '62, 

Jamcd W. Lyon, private, mustered out with company. 

William Maguire, private, mustered out with company. 

Vandine Marti-, private, mustered out ^rith company. 

Charles M. Mcttlcr, private, muitered out with company. 

Henry W. Jlouri., pnvate, miL^tered out with company. 

Sylvester Mj trb, pn\ ate, mustered out with compauy, 

George Mantz, pnvate, discharged on surgeon's certificate December 
26th, '62, 

Jacob Mower, pnvate, died at Sharpsburg, October 6th, '62, of wounds 
received accidentally ; buried iu National Cemetery, Antletam, section 26, 
lot B, grave 122 

Alonzo Osmon, private, mustered out witli company. 

Oliver Overdorf, pnvate, died at SliariJi^burg, Md., October 12th, '62. 

Daniel S. Peiper, pnvate, mustered out with company. 

Henrj' K. Price, private, mustered out with compauy. 

Samuel Ruch, private, mustered out with company. 

Jesse J. Reed, private, mustered out with company. 

Samuel Reed, private, mustered out with company, 

Sirvetus 0. Heed, private, wounded at Fredericksburg December 13th, 
'62; discharged on s^urgeuu'^ certificate; mustered out with company. 

John Smitli, private, laustered out wilh company. 

William Havidge, private, mustered out with compauy, 

John h. Sliipman, private, mustered out with company, 

Saul Shipmau, private, mustered out mth company, 

Heniy R. Shipp, private, mustered out with company. 

R. F. Stambach, private, mustered out with company. 

Josiah Strausser, private, mustered out with company. 

Isaac Sarvis, private, died at Washington, D. C, January 16th, '63, of 
wounds received at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13tli, '62. 

Charles A. Spratt, private, killed at Fredericksburg, Va., December 
13th, '62. 

Landis Starncr, private, killed at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13th, '62. 
George Y. Weimer, private, mustered out with company. 
Peter AVentz, private, mustered out with company. 

David Willet, private, discharged on surgeon's certificate April 13th, '62. 
Samuel Welker, private, killed at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13th, '62. 
Conrad Yeager, private, mustered out with company. 
Solomon Yeager, private, mustered out n'itli company. 
William Yeager, private, wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., December 
13th, '62; absent in hospital at muster out. 

Adonijah Yocum, private, mustered out witli company, 
I have found, in my brief examiuation and inquiry into the history of 
tliose who enlisted in the war from Sunburj', that a considerable number 
went out in different regimental orgaui nations, and have been verj- much 
scattered. I have done the best I could in hunting them all up, but feel con- 
scious that some have been left out, although not purposely. At some future 
time the list may be perfected. 

The following men went out to the Western Department, in '64, and joined 
company M, of the Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry: 

George E, Beard, corporal, mustered in February 25th, '64; promoted to 
corporal March let, '64; mustered out ivitli company August 23d, '65. 

Edward L. Beck, corporal, mustered iu February 23d, '64; died of wounds 
received at Dallas, Ga., May 27th, '64. 

Robert M. Bartlow, private, mustered in February 22d, '64; died at 
Louisville, Ky,, August 12th, '65; buried in National Cemetery, section D, 
range — , grave 8. 

Zebedee Bostiau, private, mustered in February 23d, '64; mustered out 
with company August 23d, '65. 

John B. Durst, private, mustered in February 23d, '64; mustered out 
with company August 23d, '65. 

Charles D, ELiehl, private, mustered in February 19th, '64; mustered out 
with compauy. 

Edward Lyon, private, mustered in February 19th, '64 ; mustered out mth 
company August 23d, '65. 

John Lyon, private, mustered in February 17th, '64; mustered out with 
company August 23d, '65. 

Charles Landaw, private, mustered in February 17th, '65; prisoner from 
October 1st, '64, to April 20th, '65; discharged June 12th, to date May 
19th, '65. 

Thomas Malone, private, mustered in February 17th, '64; prisoner from 
October 1st, '64, to April 20th, '65; discharged June 12th, to date May 
19th, '65. 

Edward Oyster, private, mustered in February 23d, '64 ; mustered out 
with company August 23d, '65. 

Raphael Pereze, private, mustered in February 16th, '64; mustered out 
\nth company August 23d, '65. 

Jam^ Shifier, private, mustered in February 22d, '64 ; mustered out 
with company August 23d, '65. 

William Stroh, private, mustered in February 16th, '64 ; transferred to 
Veteran Reserve Corps June 10th, '65 ; discharged by general order 
August 14th, '65. 

The following entered the Fifth Pennsylvania cavalry, company H, in 

John J. Smith, private, mustered in November 1st. '61 ; discharged May 
20th, '63, for wounds, with loss of leg, received at Williamsburg, Va., April 
lltb, '63 ; present post-master at Sunbury, 

Silas R. Snyder, corporal, mustered in September 7th, '64 ; promoted to 
corporal February, '65 ; discharged by general order May 19th, '65. 

Andrew N. Brice, private, mustered in September 7th, '64 ; discharged by 
gcnei-al order May 19tb, '65. 

John N, Snyder, private, mustered in September 7th, '64 ; discharged by 
general order May 19th, '65. 

Chambers S. Wynn, private, mustered in September 7th, '64; discharged 
by geueral order. 

The following entered the One Hundred and Fifty-second regiment, or 
Third artillery, battery K : 


Benjaniiu P. Laudnu, private, mustered in February 25th, '64; mustered 
out mtli battery November 9tli, '64. 

Isaac Leeser, private, mustered in February 26th, '64 ; mustered out mth 
battery November 9tli, '64. 

Joseph Ricliardson, private, mustered in February 26t]i, '64; discliarged 
hy special order October 17tli, '65. 

Company I, Eighty-lliurtli Pcunsylvania Volunteers, received the followiug 
recruits, through the eflbrts of Lieutenant George S. Good, in September, 1862 : 

Edward Gibson, private, mustered in September 15th, '62 ; transferred to 
tlie Fifty-seventh Regimeut, Pennsylvania Volunteers, company G; dis- 
charged by general order. 

Charles Gearhart, private, mustered in November 6th, '62 ; discharged at 
Columbus, 0. ; since died. 

Orlando Kri gh a lu, private, October 6tb, '62; transferred to company G 
Fifty-seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, June 13th, '65 ; wounded 
and captured nt Chnncellorsville, May 3d, '62. 

A. E. Lawrence, private, mustered in September 15th, '62 ; transferred to 
companies B and G, Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

H. K. Lawrence, private, mustered in September 15th '62; transferred to 
company B. 

John Shissler, private, mustered in September 15th, '62; discharged on 
surgeon's certificate — date unknown; since died, 

Joseph H, McC'iirty eutered company K, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers August, 29th, '62; promoted to adjutant August 12th, '64. 

J, Ed. McCnrty entered the same the same time ; promoted to 
sergeant of company I, April 1st, '64. 

John G. Blair, re-enlisted in company E, Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers October 28th, 'ti3; substitute — captured — died at Andersonville, 
Ga., September 3d, '64— grave 7,747. 

J. M. Bastian entered company B, One Hundred and Seventy-second 
Pennsylvania Volunteera November 3d, '62 ; mustered out August 1, '63. 

Henrj' E. Martin enlisted in battery K, Second artillery; afterwards 
transferred, and probably killed. 

Fred, Hammer re-enlisted in battery L, Secoud artillery March, '64; 
mustered out January 29th, '66. 

Christian Martin entered battery L, Second artillery February, '64; 
mustered out January 29th, '66, 

Sylvester Myei-s entered battery L, Second artillery March, '64; mus- 
tered out February 20th, '66. 

Washington Harp, private, mustered in '62 ; ivounded at Fredericksburg, 
Va., December 13th, '62; discharged — date unknown. 

James Haas, private, mustered iu October 6th, '62; wounded at Mine 
Run, Va., November 5tb, '63; transferred to company G, Fifty-seventh 
regiment, P. V, June 13th, '65. 

Jonatbon Haas, private, mustered in September loth, '62; transferred to 
company G, Fifty-seventh regiment, P. V. 

Arthur Robins, private, mustered in September I5tli, '62; company G, 
Fifty-seventh regiment, P. V.; discharged February 21at, '63. 

Melancthon Brosius, enlisted in company F, Eighty-ibnrth P. V., and was 
killed in battle; date unknown. 

The following soldiere enlisted in an independent cavalry company, under 
Capt. Murray, June 17th, '63; discharged August 11th, '63. 

Richard F. Bucher, George E. Beard, Jacob Fieg, James W. Lyon, J. 
Cares Welker, 

1st Lieutenant, William M. Thurston, Portj'-tbird regiment. First artillery, 
battery F, was promoted to Ist lieutenant April 22d, '65; he was originally 
mustered in July 8tb, '61; was mustered out June 9th, '65, with battery. 

Lemuel Shipnmn, 2d lieuteuant, was mustered in Novembei- Stli, '62; 
promoted from 1st sergeant June 5th, '64, to 2d lieutenant, in the One 
Hundred and Filty-^ecund regiment. Third artillery, batteiy D; mustered 
out with battery November 9lh, '65. 

Among the officci-s from Sunbury was General J. K. Clement, who served 
at the first battle of Bull Ruu. He afterwarils served as provost-marshal 
of the district, with the rank of captain. 

The following men enlisted in company G, One Hundred and Eighty- 
eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, dunng the year 1864 : 

George D. Ervin, lat lieutenant, mustered iu February 26tli, '64; promo- 
ted from sergeant September 16tli, 'G5; commissioned 2d lieutenant 
November 26lh, '62; mustered out with company December 14th, '64. 

Henry D. Bright, private, mustered in Februarj' 24th, '64; discharged by 
general order June 28tb, '65. 

Solomon Cherry, private, mustered in March 5th, '64; discharged on sur- 
geon's certificate June 24tb, '65, 

Charles J. Conrad, private, mustered in September 3d, '64; discharged 
by general order May 9tb, '65, 

John Dillman, private, mustered in Febnmry 9th, '64; mustered out irith 
company December 14th, '64. 

D. Druckemiller, private, mustered in February 25th, '64; mustered out 
with company December 14th, '65. 

Frederick D, Kline, private, mustered in February 26th, '64; killed nt 
Petersburg, Va., June 29tli, '64. 

George McNier, private, mustered in December 29th, '63; wounded nt 
Fort Harrison, Va., September 29tb, '64; mustered out with company 
December 14th, '65. 

Frederick Shrank, private, mustered in February 26tb, '64; mustered ont 
with company Decemlier I4lh. '65. 

Richard F. Bucher, enlisted in company K, Eleventh Pennsylvania cav- 
alry, February 25th, '64 ; captured at Ream's Station, Va., June 29th, '64— 
exchanged — now in the regular army. 

William A. Fetter, enlisted in company D, Seventh Pennsylvaaia cav alrj-, 
October 31st, '61 ; mustered out October 3d, '64. 

Philip Renn, enlisted in company B, TweltUi regiment, TJ. S. infantry, 
September 16th, '61; discharged September 16th, '64; re-enlisted in Han- 
cock's V. R. Corps, Februwy 28th, '65; died at Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore, 
October 20th. '65. 

Lieutenant Charles Israel Pleasants entered the Eleventh U. S. infantry 
early in the war ; be wjis probably killed in the battle of the Wilderness, 
under Grant; was never found; he was a brave, faithful officer. 

Hunter P. Newberry, enlisted in company D, Third artillery, One Hun- 
dred and Fifty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers, February 27th, '64; mus- 
tered out Novend)er 9th, '65. 

James C. Kerschner, was in company C, One Hundred and Fifty-second 
Pennsylvania Voluuteera, Third artillery, February 29th, '64; mustered out 
November 9th, '65. 

Harvey K. Goodrich, sergeant, company B, Third Pennsylvania cav- 
alry; mustered in July 23d, '61; mustered out with company August 
24tb, '64. 

After the disastrous movements of second Bull Run and the Peninsula, the 
Rebel army moved northward. On the 10th of September, 1862, Gov. 
Curtin called for fiftj- thousand men to defend the soil of Pennsylvania. 
These were called the "emergency men of 1802." In obedience to this call 
company D, Third regiment, was orgamized in Sunbury iiud hurried to the 
front, under Capt, C, J. Bruner. Col. Dorris, Jr., and Lieut.-Col. W. C. 
Lawson commanded the regiment. This company was never questioned 
for its bravery, but its reputation for a leaning towards hen-coops was unen- 
viable. It was organized September 11-13, and discharged September 23- 

Company D. — Captain Charles J, Bruner; 1st lieutenant, A. J. Stroh; 
2d lieuteuant, Jacob Rohrbacb ; Ist sergeant, James B. Roney; sergeants — 
Jeremiah H. Zimmcimau, Petei- Gussler, Joseph Bright, Geo. W. Stroh; 
eorporal^Jacob W. Co\-ert, Henry Bucher, Geo. Oyster, William Grant, 
Jacob B. Messer, Fred. Kleine, Henry Milliouse. Alljert Haa^; musicians- 
John W.Buclier, D. J. Wharton— promoted to principal iiiu^^iL'ian ; privates- 
Philip Arbon, Solomon B. Boyer, Thomas Baldy, Javob Bell, J.ibn Bell, 
George Bloom, William Boweu, Peter Bright, George Buelier, Richard F. 
Bucher, Benjamin Brosious, Edward Boiver, George Beard, Sannicl H. 
Byers, Jonathan M. Bostinn, Philip Cliuk, John Kay Clement, Ira T. Cle- 
ment, Heury Clement, Abraham M. Covert, Franklin Dellbough, .John 
Durst, Norman 8. Engle, Henrv K. Fagely, Jacob Fetter, George Follmer, 
Henry Y, FriliriL', I.^uNli- Frv, Neviu W. Fisher, William Fisher, John 
Gering, Samuel V.ryrm-.i: ,T;i,„.-. Ciriggs, George Gcnther, George W, Hilt- 
man, Jacob S.HuiMihk.-, M:irriii L.Hen.iricks, Samuel Harrison, Alexander 
Haupt— died, date iiiikiinw]i— William Hau|it, Washington Harp, Jackson 
Harp, Jacob IIim.vit. i;,-,-,. \V. Huiipl, ,Inliii Haiis, 1st, John Haas, 2d, 
James Hileniaii.Fnuikiin H. Jnliu, Janas K.'i>iiier, George P. lirohn. Wm. 
Kiefer,Philip KicR-r. ( )ilaii<l Kririilnmm, Julio Lee.w, James Lyon, Edward 
Lyon, William Logan, AntJumy LentKcr, Lewis Miller, Charles Martin, 
Alexander Mautz, Thomas iMcGaw, Hunter Newberry, John Oyster, Henry 
Petere, John B. Packer, Julius Ray, Wm. Rohrbiich, Lloyd T, Rohrbach, 
Jacob Renn, Levi Seasholtz, Cornelius Smith, Ernest Starkloff, Henrj' 
Strauss, Silas E. Wiles, John Weaver, William E. Youngman, Jacob 
Youngman, George Zettlcmoyer — 94, 


The disaster to our arms at Fredericksburg and at Chancellorsville, embold- 
ened the Southern army to again attempt an invasion of the North, and accord- 
ingly a proclamation was i^ued by the President, calling for one hundred 
thousaud nieii. On the 2Gth of June, 1863, Gov. Curtin called for sixtj- 
thousand mentor State service for ninety days. Under tliiscall, tweuty-eigbt 
r^^ents were organized. A company was raised iu Sunbury by Capt. S. P. 
Wolverton, letter F, and joined the Tbiry-sixtli regiment at Harrisburg, 
under Col. H. C. Alleman. It wa.s mustered in July 4t!i, 1863— discharged 
August 11th, 18C3. During the time of their sei-vice, Capt. Wolverton and his 
men were constantly on duly. Althuugh the campaignsoftheseemergency com- 
panies were bloodless, their prompt re3|)onse to the call of the country gave 
sure guarantee of their readiness for duty and of their patrioti9m, 

ComjMiny F. — Captain, Simon P, Wolverton; 1st lieutenant, Andrew J. 
Stroh; 2d lieutenant, Jacob Rohrback ; 1st sergeant, William C.Goodrich; 
Sergeants — Charles D. Wharton, George D. Buclier, Albert Haas, B. F. 
Bright; Corporals — Warren McEwen, Samuel P. Bright, Samuel Hoey, 
Martin L. Hendricks, Samuel Harrison, Charles Conrad, Isaac S. Kern, 
Robert B. Ammerman ; Privates — Zebadee Bostian, George Bloom, Isaac 
Bair, John A Bucher, Edward L. Beck, Benjamin Bahner, Isaac Bubb, 
Henry D. Bucher, John Coogan, David Druckemiller, Conrad Detry, Andrew 
Detrj-, AVilliam Foulk, Landis Frj', George U. Folk, Peter Hileman, Luthei- 
Harrison, Thomas Hcnninger, John E. Heller, Andrew J. Heller, Jacob B. 
Hoover, William D. Haupt, Charles D. Kiebl, Martin S. Kauffmann, Wil- 
liam Krigbauni, Peter Krolin, Lorenzo Kramer, Michael Keefei", Isaac 
Leeser, John Lyon, Benjamin F. Landau, George Mantz, Isaac Miller, 
Mahlon Myers, Lewis Jliller, Jacolj A. Miller, John Oyster, Edward Oyster, 
Raphael Perez, Fmnklin Patrick, Williani H. Rohrback, Arthur Robms, 
Henry L Renn, Simon Renn. Silas Reun, Julius Ray, William H. Shifter, 
John Sbuler, Andrew S. Specce, Henry C. Seasboltz, George A. Sterner, 
Jonas Trego, John Weaver, D. J. AVharton, Silas E. AViles, John R. Walls. 
John Webber, William E. Younginan, Abraham Zimmerman— 74. 

In March, 1865, the Seventy-lburth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
was recruited by the addition to it of seveu new companies. Among them 
was Company C, from Sunbury, under command of captain E. P. Rohhach. 
It was mustered in during March, 1865, and discharged August 29th, 1865. 
Its record is as tbllows: 

Elias P. Rohback, captain, mustered in Marob 3d, '65 ; promoted to major 
May 2d, '62. 

John H. Lewis, captain, mustered in March 4th, '65 ; promoted from ad- 
jutant to captain July 9th, '65; mustered out with company August 29th, '65. 

Samuel S. Hendricks, 1st lieutenant, mustered in February 20th, '65; dis- 
charged by special order May 12th, '65. 

Clinton D. Rohrhach, 2d lieutenant, mustered in March 21st, '65; dis- 
charged by special order Starch 29tb, '65. 

Benjamin F. Bright, 2d lieutenant, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; promoted 
from sergeant to 2d lieutenant July 2d, '65; mustered out with company. 

Earnest L. StarklofT, 1st sergeant, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered 
out with company. 

H. B. Longsdorf, sergeant, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out with 

W. H. Row, sergeant, mustered in March 9th, '65; mustered out -with 

Peter S. Gussler, sergeant, mustered in March 19th, '65 ; raustei-ed out with 

John G. Young, sergeant, mustered iu March 17th, '65 ; promoted to ser- 
geant July 2d, '65; mustered out with company. 

A. H. Boyer, corporal, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out ivith 

Jacob Fetter, corporal, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out mth 

Perry Jarret, eorpdral, mustered in March 9th, '65 ; mustered out with 

Uriah Foulk, corporal, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out mth 

Alexander Ciuasatt, corporal, mustered in March 17tb, '65; mustered out 


W. B. Longsdorf^ corporal, mustered iu March 17th, '65; mustered t 
witli company, 

Joseph R. Bright, corporal, mustered iu March 7th, '65 ; promoted to c 
,j)oral July 2d, '65; mustered out with company. 

Philip Keefier, corporal, mustered m March 14tli, '65; mustered out w 

Henry Cassatt, musician, mustered in March 8th, '65; mustered out mth 

P. F. Zimmerman, musician, mustered in March l7th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company, 

Philip Arrison, private, mustered in March 23d, '65 ; mustered out with 
company. ' 

Jacob W. Bright, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company, 

Charles H. Bucher, private, mustered iu March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

Henry W. Bucher, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

John Bell, private, mustered ui March 17th, '65 ; mustered out mth 

Henry Boyer, private, mustered in March 29th, '65 ; mustered out mth 

Daniel K. Conrad, private, mustered in March 17, '65 ; mustered out with 

Jacob Cassatt, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out with, 

Landis Fry, private, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out with 

James P, Griggs, private, mustered in March 8th, '65 ;■ mustered out with 

William Gaeringer, private, mustered in March 8th, '66; mustered out 
with company, 

Monroe Geasy, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out with 

George B. Genther, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

Jackson W. Harp, private, mustered in March 17tb, '65; mustered out 
with company. 

Flera, J, Hanghton, private, mustered iu March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

John W. Hopper, private, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out 
ivith company. 

Thomas Henninger, private, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out 
with company, 

Bernard A. Hopper, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
ivith company, 

Edward Israel, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out with 

Eli Kerlin, private, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out with 

John Leeser, private, mustered in March 23d, '65 ; mustered out with 

James W. Lyon, private, mustered in March 17tb, '65; mustered out 
with company. 

John J. Landaw, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

Gideon Landaw, private, mustered in March 18th, '65 ; mustered out with 

Frank Leader, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 j mustered out with 

Solomon Lesser, private, mustered in April 5tb, '65 ; mustered out with 

John J. Messner, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company, 

Thomas E. Metzgar, private, mustered in April 6th, '65 ; nmstered out 
with company. 

Robert B. McCay, private, mustered in March 17thj '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

James P. McKenney, private, mustered in March 17th, '85 ; mustered 
out with company- 
Albert Robiuy, private, mustered In March 17th, '65 ; mustered out with 

William H. Rohrhach, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered 
out with company. 

Julius Ray, private, mustered in March 17th, '65; mustered out irith 

, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 



Lnlerius Reimmger, private, mustered id March 29t!i, 'Co ; mustered out 
with company. 

Peter M. Snyder, private, mustered iu March 28th, '65 ; nmstererl out with 

John WUver, private, mustered in March 23d, '65 ; mustered out with 

John Zimmcrnian, private, mustered in March 17th, '65 ; mustered out 
with company. 

Tlie Regimental Band of the Forty-6fth Pennsylvania Volunteers belonged 
to Sunbury, and went out September 14th, '61. Tliey were discharged by 
general order September 27th, '62, the Government having reduced the 
number of bands for the service. The band was made up as follows: 
Thomas D. Grant, leader. Musicians, Edward M. Bueher, Samuel P. 
Bright, "W. T. Blair, Jacob Feig, Charles D. AVliarton, L. B. Howard, Jared 
C. Irwin, Jesse MetK, Joliu C. Miller, Charles D. Snavely, Henry Stulin, 
James R. Strickland, Sanuiel Van Buskirk, George W. AVeaver, Philip 
Whitmore, Jacob Weiser, George W. Walla. 

I have estimated the number of arms-bearing population iu Sunbury and 
suburbs during the war at about eight hundred. Of tiiese, at least three 
hundred aud twenty-five were in the volunteer service, many of them over 
four years. In addition, oue hundred and sixtj--eight were in the emergency 
service; mating in all four hundred and ninety-three men, or more than 
one-half of those wiio were fit for duty in the army. Sunbury furnished 
one brevet brigadier-general, three colonels, one major, seven captains, eight 
1st lieutenants, eight 2d lieuteuauts, and one adjutant. 

The following is a list of the lionoj'ed dead Ij-ing in our grave-yard. It 
is not complete, but is as correct as I am able to get it at this time : 

"William Fry, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, died 
March 29th, '75. 

Peter Haupt, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, died 
November 14th, '62. 

Isaac M. Wilkerson, died February lat, '61. 

Philip Renn, company B, Twelfth, wounded, died October 20th, '65. 

Harris A, Hopper, company I, Fiftv-seventh Peimaylvanift Volunteers, 
died March 22d, '68. 

William Landau, died June 29th, '65. 

Landis P. Starner, company C, One Hundred and Thirty-first Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, died December 13tb, '63. 

Isaac N. Sar\'is, company C, One Hundred and Thirty-first Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, died January 15th, '63 

James Wilkerson. 

Emanuel Gotehall, company I, Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

George Miller, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
died '66. 

Frederick Kline, company G, One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, died June SOtli, '64. 

Mahlon Myers. 

John B. Durst, company H, Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry, died Janu- 
ary 17th, '68. 

Joseph Crist, company I, Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteei-s, died 
December, 69. 

Samuel Crist, company I, Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, died '73. 

Franklin Houser, died '73. 

Freeman Haupt, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Vohmteers. 

J. Bolton Young, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
died October 17th, '61. 

Peter Smelser, company C, Forty-seventh Pennsylvaoia Volunteers, died 
July 8th, '73. 

John Shissler, company I, Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Isaac Leeser, company K, One Hundred and Fifty-second Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, died '74. 

Lieutenant Charles Israel Pleasants, Eleventh U. S. infantiy, killed in the 
Wilderne^; never found, but a monument erected here to his memory. 

James Hoey, company I, Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteei-s, died June 
11th, '65. 

E<l\vard L. Beck, company C, One Hundred and Thirty-first Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and company M, Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania cavalry, died June 
8tb, '64. 

Samuel Batcher, company I, Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

David W. Druckemiller, company G, One Hundred and Eighty-eighth 
Pennsylvania Volunteei-s. 

Lafayette Landau, company C, Forty-seventli Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Robert Brooks, Tliird Pennsylvania artillerj'. 

Ulrich Eisclc, (German.) 

Di-. Jae(.l> B. Ma.sser was a surgeon in 1862, at tlie patentoffice general 
hospital, ii] Wasliingtou City, having tendered his services to the government 
at the s=ecund battle of Bull Run. He was commissioned, and sworn into 
the United States service. 

The fbliowiiig soldiera of the war of 1812. are also buried in our grave- 
yard, ivhoso names I enter in this sketch: Peter Hileman, John Hileman, 
Christian Bower, Frederick Lazarus, Jacob Brigiit, John Colcher, Jacob Mar- 
tin, John Eisely, William W. Gray, Jacob Mantz, George Mantz, George A. 
' Prince, John Heddings, Captain McCurdy. 

The historian gives place to the following extracts from Mr. Brice's oration, 
already alluded to, for the reason that, althougii they do not properly belong 
to the department of history, they are, nevertheless, so beautifiiUy appropri- 
ate to the subject, and find an echo in so many hearts, that the citizens of 
Northumberland County will indulge a iaudable pride in having them pre- 
served in tliis permanent form. Said Mr. Brice: 

"To keep alive the memories of these heroic men, we propose erecting a 
monument of granite, yonder, in the public park. Its foundation, sure and 
strong, has beeu laid in solid stone and cement, and in faith that the work 
will be fully completed. The committee, composed of John J. Smith, Major 
George B. Cndwnllader. General J. K. Clement, E. Masser Bueher, Solomon 
Jlalick, Esq., Lieutenant L. H. Ka.=e, L. M. Yodcr, Lieutenant D. C. Dia- 
siuger, Jared C. Irwin, Henry D. Wharton, H. F. Mann, P. H. Moore, and 
Lieutenant A. N. Brice, are anxiously waiting for the improvement of the 
times, that \vq may go forward. Rest a.ssured, we mean to succeed in our 
project. The granite shaft will go up, and the monument stand as a reminder 
to those who come after us, that brave men and true, from old Northumber- 
land County, fought and died in defense of the flag. Its voice ivill not be 
for war, hut for peace. 

" It is worthy of remark that the bitter feelings engendered by the war are 
rapidly passing away. It is only remembered among soldiers that we are all 
Americans ! — that, although we of the North fought under the stars and 
stripes, and they of the South under the stars and bare — while we sau" the 
Star Spangled Banner, and they the Bonnie Blue Flag — we are one now in 
sentiment, bound together by common ties in a sisterliood of States. Living 
as we do, in a country gi-and in its majestic rivers, forests, lakes ; beautiful 
in sceuevy ; lofty in mountain grandeur ; magnificent in resources ; boundless 
in territory ; fertile in its soil ; plenteous iu its productions and energies ; 
with malice towards none, — here we have ftill opportunity to exercise that 
charity which suffereth long and is kind. While some of our large religious 
bodies, from whom better things were expected, are standing aloof upon mere 
technical differences; the secular societies, bound by the mystic tie, have long 
since uniteil in brotherly love; and the soldiers, forgetting the heat and storm 
of battle, are now strewing flowere upon the graves of Union and Confederate 
soldiers alike. The Union officers and soldiers, of the army of the Potomac, 
invite the officers and soldiers of the late Confederate army, of Northern 
Virginia, to participate with them in their annual re-union. The Confederates 
of the Western army, have tendered a similar invitation to those who fought 
for the Union, to join with them, in their annual meeting, at Memphis, 

"The war aud all before it is now history. The genuine heroes of that 
war are respected hy each other for their bravery, no matter on which side 
of the line they fought, Reynolds, McPherson, Lyon, S\imner, Warren, 
Lander, Baker, Stonewall Jackson, Lee, Hill, Johnson, Zollicofier, Cleburne, 
are all regarded us men of martial abilitj' and courage. Brave men are 
always generous and magnanimous. Wc here reach out the hand and heart 
of fi-iendship for all, whether of the blue or gray. It t be true tl at ti e 
war was an engine of Providence to carry out His pu po e vl y loll 

manship, in binding up the breaches of the war. Tl t e I r 1 en 
we can aud will all joiu hand iu hand, as citizens of a com on o n > bap- 
tised in blood. 

"As we tlius take part in these beautiful ceremonies, let us not forget tl 
widow aud the orphan. We have not outlived them. The armlesb lee 
and the crutch, are yet seen on our streets. Let these lo -ind orpl au.. 
and men, not be forgotten. While no governmenl iu tl rid 1 as n adc 

better prqvision for her pensionei's than ours, there a otl er relat o e 
bear to these wards of the Republic, that in solenm trust u t not be den e I 
What we respectfully demand of the United States, is an cq al zed bount 
bill. I believe that in justice tliis will yet come. 



Thoughtfully, let us move amoug the moirnds of the dead. The humblest 
of these men were martyrs io the cause of their country. They sleep their 
Inst sleep. They are uot moved by the tread of iVieud or foe, Tlieir quiet 
is uudisturbed by our song and muffled strains of music. We will some 
day rest with them, and the country we served, side by side, will be left to 
our children and to strangers. In the luiigiiage of the great Liucoln, as he 
stood by the dead on (br IIl-IiI -A' (Iiity.-Kuig: — "It is for us to be here 
dedicated to the great IjisI; mijInniiiL: I" Im-.' ii>, that from these houpred dead 
we take au incrcjised devntiiuj |m tliiit i:ni>i\ iiir wbicli they gave their full 
devotion; that we here liiglily resulvi' ibm ibv.^^c dead shall not have died in 
vain ; that this nation, under God, sluill have a new birth of freedom ; and 
tliat government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not 
perish from the earth." 

Was organized in the borough of Sunbuiy, on the 25th of May, 1872, in 
pursuance of a call made on the 18th of May, 1872, signed by A. N. Eriee, 
John J. Smith, Heber Painter, D. C. Dissinger, Cliarles J. Pox, S. H. 
Kuowles, and J. E. Torringtou. At the oieeting of May 25th, 1872, an ex- 
ecutive committee of Hrteeii was appoinletl, composed of A. N. Briee, P. M. 
Moore, Heber Pamter, John Kay Ck-mtnt, J. J. Smith, T. S. Shauuon, L. 
M. Yoder, S. H. Knowles, G. E. Cadwallader, D. C. Dissinger, H. G. 
Thfttclier, Charles J. Fox, E. M. Bucher, H. F. Mann, and L. H. Kase. 
John J. Smith, was made President; Heher Painter, Secretary; P. H. 
Moore, Treasurer. August 6th, 1S73, H. D. AVImrton was elected'a mem- 
ber of the executive committee, in place of H. G. Thatcher, resigned. June 
ISth, 1873, Heber Painter rwigncd as Seeretarj-, and A. N. Brice was 
elected in his ]ilace. On tlie -5tli of Augu^l, 1873, the Common Pleas of 
Northumberland County granted a charter to tlie a.-^socintion. The site for 
the monument having been marked out on Market square, on the 4th day of 
July, 1872, by Hon. Alexander Jordan and Hi>ii. Simon Cameron. Onthe 
30th of May, 1874, at the tijne of the decontlion of tlie soUliei-s' graves with 
flowers, the corner-stone was laid with Masonic ceremonies. The ibundation 
was laid in cemeul aurl stone during the Summer of 1873. The panic of 
1873, having set in, the work of completing the monument has been retarded, 
but the committee are hopeful that ere long, with the aid of subscriptions 
from our generous citizens, headed by Hon. Simon Cameron, Hon. J. B. 
Paclter, Hon. A. Jordan, W. I. Greenough, Esq., S. P. Wolverton, Esq., 
Judge Kockeieller, AV. L. Dewart, and others, tlie grand work will be com- 


About midway between the southern and the northern extremities of that 
narrow neck of Northumberland County ivliich extends from the north 
branch to the Lycoming line, lies the teriitory embraced in the ])resent town- 
ship of Turbut. It is aliout five miles in extent, from west to east, with an 
average ^ddth of little more than three miles, from north to south. Dela- 
ware and Lewis townships Ibrm the northern, and Chillisqnnque the southern 
boundarj- line. Montour County joins it upon the east, while the right bank 
of the west branch Ls its western limit. 

But when old Turbut township was first erected, by decree of the North- 
umberland Count}' court, on the 19tli of April, 1772, and so named in honor 
of Colonel Turbut Franci>^, who had large grants in it for military services, 
it embraced hvt timt^s its iiri.'st-nt area, and the following are the recorded 
boundaries; "' Beginning mi the cast side of the Susquehanna at Fort Augusta; 
thence up the easterly ^ille m1' the north In-anch, to the old line, formerly 
run for a division between Berks and Nortliampton Counties ; hence by the 
same line, north-east to the top of Muucy Hills ; thence along the top of the 
same, westerly to the west branch of the Susquehanna, and crossing the same 
to the west side, and down the same to the junction of the branches, and 
crossing the Susquehanna, to the place of beginning, so as to include the 
Forks and Island." From this territory have since been partitioned : Chillis- 
quaque township, in 1786; Delaware township, in 1843; and Lewis towu- 
'ship, in 1843. 

In natural beauty and in material advantages, it differs but little from 
what is ibuud throughout the entire range of the west branch valley. There 
is the same winding river ; the same divereitj" of hill and vale and woodland ; 
the same " waving fields and pastures green " — as fertile and as favored' as 
any the sun ever shone upon — and the same evidences of thrift and prosperity 

on every hand. Bubbling springs and clear streams are frequent, beautiful 
o[>eu groves and bells of thrifty timber are everywhere interspen-ed ; while 
the handsome, sub.<tantial homes, the full barns and granaries, with "cattle 
upon a thousand hills," show how beautilully the generous limestone soil has 
rewarded the labor of the husbandman. 

Its earliest history too, is similar to that of most of the settlements in the 
doi'k and bloody ground of the upper Susquehanna. It is the old romantic 
story of how stern resolute men, m the more sterile settlements of the East, 
lienriug of the marvellous fruitfulness of the Otzinacbson valley, resolved to 
profit by its bounty and its promise, thougli they knero that the tomahawk 
awaited them and their fomilies, there — and how, through privation and 
watcbings, captivity and torture, tliey toiled and fought and suilered on, till 
they won for their children's children, the peace and plenty which are there 

Let us not forget that there was a time, when neither plentj' nor peace 
were there — ^that 

Through these ivilds, too, came the good missionaries : Brainerd, ZeJsherger, 
Bishop von Watteville and others of scarcely less note ; carrying their lives 
in their hands, and braving eveiy hardship, in the eflbrt to save the red men's 
souls. And they were rewarded wilb some measures of success; many 
Indians were converted by their teachings, though, it must he said, there were 
not a few who afterwards proved recreant to their professions. The great 
Shkka/enijj was one of those who received baptism, and who remained firm, to 
the last. He died at Shamokin, in 1749, and of that event, Loskiel says: 
"He found comfort, peace, and joy, by faith in his Redeemer, and the brethren 
considered him as a candidate for baptism. * * * * 

In this state of'mind lie was taken ill, ivns attended by Dr. David Zeisberger, 
and, in his presence, fell happy asleep in the Lord, in full assurance of obtain- 
ing eternal lite through the merits of Jesus Christ." 

But after the defeat of General Braddock in 1755, the vindictiveness and . 
treachery of the Indians increased to such au extent, that even the brave 
missionaries could stay anmng them no longer ; so they quietly hut mournfully 
took their departure from the field of their labors, and left the Indian to his 
godlessness and cruelty. 

And that it was only through the ti-ials and virtues of the ancestors — 
their coura'^e which never wavered ; their labor which never ceased ; their 
steadlastness and trust in God, which endured to the end — that we, their 
descendants, have come to this heritage. 

Of the events occurring in the township territory prior to the year 1772, 
we have little more than a tradition. We know that .the Shamokin war- 
path, passed directly through it — the Indian military road, if we may use 
the term — leading ft'om the great central point of Shamokin to the upper 
lodges at Muncy, Great Island and Sinncnmhouiug, and even through to the 
lake and to Niagara. That over this path, the Indian war parties came 
and went, reddening every mile of the way with blood and butchery ; of the 
chiefs who led these hordes, we know that nearly all were alike,-cruel and 
Ueacherous ; all of them, at some time, professing friendship to the jjale-faces ; 
but only to lull and betray them ; sparing neither age nor sex, and laughing 
with savage glee at the bright scalp of the little child, hanging intertwined 
with the long hair of the mother, in the foul smoke of the wigwam. A few 
noble exceptions only proved this rule, and among the chief of these, were 
Andreii} Montour, the Seneca, and Shwkel&ny, the Cayuga chief, who was 
justly called the white man's friend. 

There is not, to-day, a living person who knows the name of the first white 
settler in Turbut, hut nothing is more certain than that pioneers were there, 
very soon after 1750- They may have been, and they probably were, of that 
transitory class who are the foam which is pushed on in advance of the solid 
wave of immigi-ation ; but whatever they were, it is indeed n pity that their 
names, and their seniority of pioneersbip, are hidden in impenetrable oh- 

Two years after the township organization Cin 1774), it contained two hun- 
dred and thirty-seven tax-payers, as follows: 

Blair, J. Eason, Jolm Logue, H. 

Blue, F. Eason, Robert Lemmersou, C. 

Bluei William Er^vin, P. Levy, E. 

Biggar, J. Erwin, A. Malone, R. ^^ 

Bo'nnert, M. Erwin, Jolm Montgomery, J^i^-^^ 

Brandon, J. Fulerton, A. McKnight, W. "^ 

Bailcv S Freeland, G. Miller, J. 


Blac-k, J. 

Farrou, B. 

Beirv, G. 

Pulton, B. 

BcLtiet, G. , 

Freeland, A. 

Boon, Ho^/^ft^ 

Fulmore, J. 

Bright, M. 

Fosbem, E. 

Bnidley, D. 

Foutz, C. 

Bmcly, John 

Pvediick, G. 

Bvei-s, John 

Fiehl, G, 

Biontlly, M. 

Fishfr, W. 

Boyd, Joliii 

Preeiaud, J. 

Bailey, William 

Porster, W. 

Bowman, Wm. 

Pi-ig, P. 

Colron, J. 

Gillespy, William 

Chirry, John 

Qilleapy, J. 

Carecaddeu, James 

Gillilau, A. 

Clfti'k, A. 

Gibson, A. ^.-^ 

Curry, Robert 

Gray, John .s=^--' 

Chirk, Jolm 

Coiighran, J. 
Clarl, A. 

Gowdy, J. 

Gordon, S. 

Clark, William 

Geddis, P. 

Cnlturt, M. 

Gillespy, C. 

CuTEon, Joseph 

George, William 

Clark, James 

Ginmog, F. 

Cam fort, J. 

Gall aw ay, J. 

Chninny, John 
Clark, John 

Grant, A. 

Galbraith, R. 

Crawford, James 

Gray, John 

Carney, A. 

Gilfillan, R. 

Coughran, John 

Haius, R. . 

Camel, M. 

Hamilton, G. 

Carson, D. 

Hews, T. 

Coiighran, C. 

Harrison, J. 


Hays, D. 

Caldwell, William 

Hood, John 

Carr, A. 

Hufman, H. 

Chambers, D. 

HuIHus, T. 

Cunningham, M. 

Hamerslv, J. 



Calhoon, G. 

Harrison, W. 

Clark, William 

Hays, James 

Chambera, J. 

Hendei-shoot, M. 

Chainy, J. 

Hatehenson, W. 

Ci-others, John 

Hembright, John 

ChattiD, John 

Hunter, James 

Calleuder, C. 

Hunter, T. 

Davis, R. 

Hortou, K. 

Denuey, John 

Ireland, D. 

Dougherty, P. 

Jury, 0. 

Dougliertj-, H. 
Dixtou, John 

Jones, B. 

Johnston, William 

Durham, James 

Johnson, H. 

Davis, N. 

Jurdon, T. 

Donold, John 

Jones, P. ^--^ 

Davis, D. 

Johnson, Jobn*^^-^^*^^ 

Diinlap, John 

Jurdon, B. 

Dowdle, M. 

Keruey, P. 

Duncan, M. 

Kirk, M. 

Diivis, Wni. 

Kelly, D. 

Defauce, John 

Kennedy, D. 

Deen, John 

King, R. 

Deen, A. 

Kenersey, W. 

Dougherty, John 

Lvtle, Joim 

Esiiy, J. 

Love, R. 

Espy, James 

Leighton, W. 

Erwin, G. 

Luckey, R. 

Erwiu, R. 

LiK'kev, J. 

Eagen, F. 

Leach; J. 

Erison, John 

Loge, J. 

Emmit, John 

Lemmon, T. 

Emmons, A. 

Lomax, C. 

McCaudles, R. 
JIcFarling, R. 
McDrier, J. 

Mehaffi', J- 
Jlils, J". 
Mead. D. 
McJrahau, J*^ 
Jlarx, A. 
McCiillv, P. 
McKiu, AV. 
Martin, P. 
Martin, R, 
JMcClaws, J. 
Jloore, J. 
aicCuUoch, J. 
Neilson, J, 
Neel, T. 
Oaks, S. 
Ogdon, J. 
Piper, William 
Plnnket, William 
Parson, B. 
Phillips, S. 
Pedrick, R. 
Phvsick, L. 
Pollock, J. 
Patersou, William 
Paton, '\^''illiam 
- Puri-eyance, S. 
Rondl'es, R. 
Robinson, J. 
Reed, E. 
Rickey, J. 
Rees, 'U. 
Rendels, J. 
RuEsel, R. 
Reed, M. 
Ross, William 
Sterret, B. 
Simpson, A. 
Stedden, T. 
Shaw, L. 
Spear, S. 
Spear, A. 
Semple, J. 

Ill 1772, the same year in which Marcus Huliugs, Sr., opened his tavern 
.1 Liuii-tMdr liuri, iimw in (he borough of Milton,) there came from Essex 
'iiDiih, Ni'u .In-cy, two liiiiiilios, whoso names were to be prominently 
lit iiiiiiiTl iiirii I III' lii-,ti>iT nf tliu County and of Turbnt township — ^tlie family 
i| \'uiii-ii[, iiiiil lliiil iil'JiH'iili Freeland. 

Tlif A'inrcrils, t'oruelius, John and Peter, chose a point on the liver, a 
uik- or so froni the mouth of Warrior Run, aud about three miles above 
ililton, but Jacob Freeland locjited some distance up from the river, near 
i-herc Warrior Run Cliiireh now stands. 

Being a man of much foresight, he had brought along with him, all the 
ray over the tedious route from Jersey, the necessary iron work and gearings, 

for the bnildmg ol a mill for the knew it was a pnmc necessity in a new 
settlement. In the succeedmg winter, he cut his timber nnd earh in the 
Spring of 177J he commenced the work and pushed it^Mgnrru h through 
to completion It had the incMtable etfect of bnnging^pro pent^ to the 
settlement and to its iounder and during the mm, \eii> whub intpriened 
before the building of the fii t mill upr n Limestjuc Runjimw Miltnn) the 
latter place \\x& much infciior m imp rtam.c,tr Frulind s ettl meat New 
immigrants came m mostlj ti m\ New Je!--c\ and among them in 1773, 
were Samuel Gould and bis laiiulj and Timotlij Williams with a dozen 

Freeland's mills* being now in prosperous operation, he justly regarding 
himself, in a manner, as the father and guardian of the settlement, bethought 
himself of a means of defense, in case of attack by the merciless and treach- 
erous savage. 

He resolved to build a stockade, sufficiently capacious to afford an asylum 
for the surrounding settlers ii-om any sudden irruption of the Indians. It 
was a work of much labor, in the cutting, hauling, and planting of the 
logs, hut in the Summer of 1775— while the fusillades were rattling along 
the declivities of Bunker Hill— it was cumpletfid. Nor was it finished much 

It mounted no artillery, aud had few of the appliances of scientific forti- 
fication; but it was pierced with loop-holes for musketiy, aud its friendly 
logs saved many a head from the acalping-knife, in the four years which 
preceded its final capture. 

Freeland also enclosed a half-acre of ground around the fort. This en- 
closure was surrounded by a picket, far less strong than the main stockade, 
but it afterwards did excellent service to the families of many of those who 
had fled from their homes at the time of the great runaway. 

Upon one occasion, in the hitter part of the year 177S, a smaU pai-ty had 
left Freeland's fort for Northumberland town. There were six or eight men 
on foot, and with them were two women on boi-seback— Mrs. Durham and 
Mrs. McNiglit— each has an infunt in lier arms as she rode. 

When they had reached a hollow not far trom the Vincent settlement, 
the crack of the rides of the savages told them too late that they bad fallen 
into an ambuscade. The horse of Mrs. MeNight became unmanageable, 
wheeled, and made for the fort. Her child was thrown from her arms, but 
she caught it by the foot, aud so carried it, swinging by the side of her 
galloping hoRC, until mother and child were safe and sound williin the 
Bheltei- of the stockade. 

Such ivere the frontier women of those days! Poor jMr. Durham was less 
fortunate; her child wjis killud in her arms, aud she hei'sdf thrown from the 
horse. An Indian tore the scalp fi-om her head and left her, apparently 
lilele&s. Two men named Williams and Gufly,t soon passed where she lay, 
and they were amazed to see Iier partially rise and beg for water; she had 
been scalped, but was otherwise uninjured. She recovered and lived many 

Some seven or eight years before, during an attack by Indians on the 
house of John Tate, near Northumberland, a girl named Catharine Storm, 
was similarly scal])ed. She, too, recovered and lived to an old age. Those 
were strange experiences; few, very few, have ever lost their scalp and yet 
lived to tell the tale! 

The fort was captured in 1779, by a body of more than three hundred 
Indiatis and British, under command of Capt McDonald of the English 
army. The jieople there had been warned that such a party was coming 
down the valley, and that it would be wise to abandon the fort, but they 
disregarded tlie \\arning, although, only a few days before, two young men — 
one ft son of Jacob Freeland, and the othei- a Vincent — had been killed 
while at ivork in a field not a great way ofT 

More than fifty women and children wei-e at Freeland, with only twenty- 
six fighting-men hehind the log rampart, but they considered themselves a 
host, aud lelt secure in their bravery. 

It was in the gray fog of early daivn, ou the 28th of Jidy, that tlie savage 
foe made bis »ttack. Old Mr. James Watt, aud two young mcu, bad gone 
incautionsly outside the ibrt. An Indian sprang tram his concejilmcnt, and 
tomahawked Mr. Watt, and, at the same moment, one of the young men 
was shot through the ln'ud. 'fin' nthor, unhurt, leaped inside and chiHcd the 
gate in an inslaril. The .■^iiv;i;-'i'> riii^ud the wai--whoop, and rushed to the 
attack, but Cuptiun Lyilr .unl his (rue men were ready lor them, and 
promptly scuta buHui \viivLvvt.TiiLi Indian's head was seen. The result, how- 
ever, could not lie doubtful, in ii light where the numbers were so unequal. 

lurti-, 1 



Captain McDonald -was honestly desirous of preventing the massacre, which 
he knew must, follow if the fort was taken by storm. He therefore sum- 
moned a surrender, with promise of safety to the women and cliiidren, and 
with half-an-hour allowed for decision. A council of war was held; resist- 
ance seemed hopeless, and so, at the end of the half hour, the fort surrendered. 

The folIoM-ing is a verbatim transcript of the "Articles of capitulation 
entered into between Captain John McDonald, on His Majesty's part, and 
John Lj'tle, on the part of Congress:" 

"First. — The men in tlie gan-ison to march out aud ground their arms on 
the green, in front of the fort, which is to he taken possession of immediately 
hy His JIajest)-'s tioops. Agreed to. 

" Second. — All men bearing arms, are to surrender themselves prisonei-s of 
war, and to be sent to Niagara. Agreed to, 

"The women and children ai'e not to be stripped of their clothing, nor 
molested by Indians, and to be at liberty to move down the country wliere 
they please. Joes McDosald, Captain Hangers. 

John Lytle, " " 

To the honor of Captain McDonald, it must be recorded, that he kept- his 
promise, and restrained his savage allies from butchery, though he found it 
almost impossible to do so. 

The ivarriors and their sqna'W'B, (of whom there seems to liave been a large 
number accompanying the expedition,) sacked the fort, and then sot it on 
fire, after wliich they retired a short distance doivn the run, and commenced 
preparations for a feast, while some of the warriors spread themselves down 
the valley for further depredations. 

At Muddy Run, Captain Hawkins Boon had heard tlie noise of the attack, 
and collecting thirty-two men, besides himself, he hurried to Lytle's relief 
In bis eagerness to succor his friends at the fort, he came up incautiously, 
and fell into the Indian ambuscade; for tlieii- runners had seen the rescuing 
party, and brought up tlie news of its coming. In a hollow, only a very 
short distance below the fort, the savage fire ivas poured in on them with 
fatal efiect, but neither Boon lior his brave men were daunted, and their 
answering bullets did their errands well. The fight raged on hotly tor some 
time, but when the white men were half slain, and the snrvivoi-s at last saw 
their captain fall, they turned and fled. Tlie Indians pm-sned ivitli great 
determination, but only succeeded in capturing oue man, and of him they 
made short work. 

The killed of Boon's command were: Captain Hawkins Boon, Captain 
Sanmel Dougherty, Jeremiali McGlaghlen, Nathaniel Smith, John Jones, 
Edward Costikan, Ezra Green, Samuel Neel, Math. McCJintock, Hugh 
McGill, Andrew Woods, James "Watts, John McChntock, William McCluny, 
James Miles, Henry Gilfillen, and one unknown. 

Captain Boon had beea a surveyor and an expert woodsman, but had, a 
few years before, settled at the mouth of Muddy Run, where lie bad built a 
log mill, and a smidl, rude defensive work, which the settlers called Fort 
Boon. The Indians burned them both. The mill was probably at the site 
now occupied by Kemerer's mill, two miles above Milton. 

Among those captured at the fort was Daniel Vincent, then nineteen years 
old, and just married. His young wife never beard from him during his 
captivity, and, after three years of fading hope, she at last fully believed her- 
self a widow. At length, alter the war, lie returned, to find hunself um'e- 
cogni2ed! Was it strange? Tlie three years, from nineteen to twenty-two, 
the unfamiliar beard, and the hardships of captivity, had wrought an eflec- 
tual disguise; but thei'oicewas unchanged, aud wlieu he called her Christian 
name, iu the old tone, she fell on his neck, aud thanked God for His mercy. 

On the death of this man, many years after, we read as follows in the 
Mikonian, of February 3d, 1827 : 

"Dauiel Vincent died January 26th, aged 67. The deceased was among 
the fir.-t .M.lli>/i-.- n|- this |>aL-t nf IVniisvlvar.ia, Ho wx< likewise one of those 



among Llic ijiLivpi,! ,li:l,.iid>_T. ol FrL-uhiud'.s fuM, when it was yielded to an 
overpowering htist of savaged. He was then severed from his iamily, con- 
ducted to Canada, where he remained a captive until the close of the war." 
Fort SwartK was built in 1774, at or near the old ferry, about a mile 
above Milton. It wn--^ a Ing ^trur-tuic, named in lionor of Major Clirislian 
Godti-ied Swaitv.. ni' C,,!. "W'rltn^iV Gorman (_Penii'a.) Battalion, a detach- 
ment of whiulj, uu.U- .■..iinuaii.l <>f Swartz, garri-'^uned tlie furt, at the time 
of Freeland's i-ainuri.-, Init \w ilu not find that any attempt at assistance or 
rtscue was made by them iu emulation of the generous bravery of Captain 
Boon. Fort Miuiger, at the mouth uf Warrior Run, and Fort Rice, at 

ChiUisquaque, were also log defenses, and mannerl, in part, by Weltner's 
men. Fort Eice was the only defensive work above Augusta, which held 
out without abandonment or surrender, through the'entire war. All these 
forts, during the time of their existence, were within Turbut township. 

In 1767, a Mr. Patterson patented a tract of seven hundred acres of land, 
which now lies in the exfci-eme southeastern part of Lewis township, but 
which, for seventy-one years, formed a part of Turbut. He named the 
tract -'Paradise," and certainly it was not wholly a misnomer, judging from 
its appearance at this day. The countrj' is gently rolling, and extremely 
fertile, though, perhaps, not more so than thousands upon thousands of acres 
all along the valley. But the feature m which it is especially marked, is 
the unusual beauty of its open groves of oak, and other hard woods so free 
from underbrush and decaying debris, that they have the appearance of 
well-kept parks. 

From this patent, the general name of Paradise came to be applied to a 
large scope of territory, stretching in both directions, from Patterson's entry 
— the larger portion however, lying in Turbut township, where the two 
Paradise' churches are located. 

In 1771, Mr. Pa'ttei-son removed to 'VVlnte Deer Creek, to reside there 
with his daughter, Mrs. Hunter, and sold his patented lands in Paradise, to 
John Montgomery, of Dauphin County, who at once established there his 
household goods, and built a small house of hickory logs, by a pereniual 
spring, which then, as now formed the extreme head-watei-s of Muddy Run. 
With a wise precaution against the dangers of the times, he also built a 
strong log barrier, enclosing both cabin and spring, and this rude defence, 
gained from the surrounding settlei-s, the high-sounding name of "Fort 

The " fort " may have sometimes had the effect to deter attacks of Indians ; 
but at the time of Freeland's capture, it made no show of resistance. On 
that memorable morning, John Montgomery heard the volleys, away to the 
northward, and, mounting his hoys, bade them reconnoiti-e cautiously towards 
Freeland's. They came in sight of that fort, and seeing it in possession of 
the Indians, rode swiftly back with the alarm. Everything which could be 
removed, was with headlong haste, packed iu the wagons, with the >vomen 
and children, and turning their faces southward, they did not look back till 
they halted in Dauphin County, whence they had removed eight years before. 

After the troublous times were past, they returned to Paradise, but found 
only the charred ruins of house, barn, and fort. A small stone-house was 
at once erected, aud after.wards a larger one, covering the spring. In the 
front wall of the older house, was a smooth stone which told the date of 
erection, " W. M, 1789," the lettei-s standing for AVilliam Montgomery, the 
son of the original purchaser from Patterson, 

In a still later stone-houee, adjoining the othei-s, was a tablet, upon which 
was cut " Tobias Eschbach, 1833." Both these stones, with thefr inscriptions, 
are now to be seen, laid in the foundation wall of the new house, which 
Philip Raup' built, in 1873, within a few feet of the Montgomery spring ; 
Mr. Raup having purchased the property of the heirs of John T. Mont- 
gomery, aud, having demolished the oldest of the houses, for the building- 
stone contained in it. Of those three old houses, the one covering the spring, 
still remains in excellent preservation, and the spring itself, is flowing as 
bright aud clear, as it did, when the hickory logs of Port Montgomery 
enclosed it, a hundred years ago. 

John Montgomery (who purchased of Patterson), died by the falling of a 
tree, November 8tli, 1792, aged 58, and David, his sou (born in Dauphin, 
m 1767), died, November 23d, 1859, aged 92. Father and son lie in the 
old church-yard, at ChiUisquaque. Of his later descendants, the most distin- 
guished, was Hon. John G., his grandson, born January 28th, 1805, who 
establishedin the practice of law, at Danville, was electfed to Congress, in 
1856, and died of disease contracted at the National Hotel, at Washington, 
in 1857. Some years before, his bride had met a tragical death, on the next 
morning after their marriage, at McEwensville. They were returning to 
their home, in Paradise, when, the hoi-se taking fright, she was throivn from 
the sleigh, and instantly killed. 

David B. Montgomery, another gmndson, born November 28th, 1810, still 
lives near the old spring. He has served two terms in the lower house of 
the Pennsylvania t^egislature, aud one in the Senate, during the war of the 

Still auother gi-andson, William Montgomery died in 1875, of small-pox, 
at McEwensville. 




Tlie deacendnnts of the firat John Montgomery are very 
fti-e ividely scnttered over Northumberland, and iidjoining counties, 

Turbiit township hii.s very few industrial iiitereats, except ngricnlture. 
In fact — excluding those manufacturing establishments, which lie just outof 
the borough line of Milton, but which sue undeniably a jwrt of tlie town — 
there are only the " Boouville" flour mill?, of W. B. Kemerer, Esii-, at 
Muddy Run. These mills are located where the railroad crosses the Run, 
and on, or very near, the veiy spot where Capt. Haivkins Boon's mill stood, 
a century ago, (The opinion seems to be quite general, that Boon had no 
mill there— only a fort, and a dwelling-house— but the letter of Col. Samuel 
Hunter to Col, Matthew Smith, under date of Sunbury, July 28th, 1779, 
which says — ' this day, about about twelve o'clock, an express arrived from 
Capt. Boon's mill, informing us that Freeland's fort was surrounded by a 
pai'ty of Indians,' etc., absolutely decides this question.) The old mill was 
burnt in 1779. In 1840, Abraham Straub removed hie mill from Milton 
island, to the place where Kemerer's mill now is. Straub atterwards sold 
to Moaes Chandierlaui and Daniel Bisel. Then Chamberlain sold to a Mr. 
Yager, leaving the firm Yager & Bisel. From them, John Ott became the 
purchaser, and he, in turn, sold, in 1861, to AV. B. Kemerer, the present 
owner. The mill was burnt in March, 1874, and immediately replaced by 
tiie present excellent establishment. Its size is forty-five by fifty-five feet, 
with four run of burrs, driven by water and steam, and doing both merchant 
and custom ivork. 

A lumber mill, owned by Messrs. Nagle and Esbach, also stood near 
there, upon the canal, but was recently burned, and hna not been rebuilt. 

A mill wliich was owned by William Follmer, in the southeastern corner 
of the township, on Limestone Run, was a few yeare ago moved to Pottsgrove, 
in Cliillisquaque township, that being thought a more eligible location. 

The ParuiUne Reformed Church. — Established as a congregation in 1804. 
For seven yeara their preaching .was very irregular. During that time, the 
Eev. Mr. Ingohl held occasional worship in the houses, and sometimes in the 
barns of members. Their first regular pastor was Rev, Jost Henry Fries, 
who came to them in 1811, and preached in the sclioul-honse at Paradise until 
1823. Next came Rev. Samuel Guteliu.'., during whose pastorate a brick 
church building was erected in union witli the Lutherans. The site was 
about five miles from Milton, on the Paradise road. It was dedicated in 
August, 1S24, Succeeding Mr. Gutelius, were Revs. Henry Wagner, Daniel 
Gring, George Wolf, Lucien Cort, D. E, .tUbright, and Henry Mosser. 

The present pastor, Eev. J. K. Millet, assumed the Paradise charge in 1873. 

lu 1859, the congregation having become large, their interest in the church 
building was sold to the Lutherans, and a new brick edifice was built by 
subscription. It is located on the Paradise road, near the old one, and its 
cost was five thousand dollar. The fii-st records of this church, for a period 
of nearly forty years, were kept in German. Tlie membership is tivo hun- 
dred and fifty. Sabbath-school attendance, sixty. 

Paradise Lutheran Church. — The Lutherans at Paradise and vicinity be- 
came a congregation in 1824, their fii^st pastor .being the Rev. Mr, Sheets. 
In August of that year, they dedicated their house of worship — a brick- 
church building — which they had erected in union with the Paradise Re- 
formed congregation, and when, in 18o9, the Reformed people withdrew from. 
the union to build theu- new church, they sold their union interest to the 
Lutherans, wlio thus became sole owners of tlie edifice, in which they still 
hold their worship. Their present pastor is Rev. Jacob Wampole, of Tur- 
butville. They have a small Sabbath-school. 

The Follmer Church, (Lutheran.)— "There is no authentic record of the 
exact dcite of its establishment, but Mr. David Eschbiicb, who resides m 
the Paradise section of Turbut township, aud who is one of the oldest resi- 
denta, as well as one f tl best " f m d n f tl C tj ' I 1 

affairs, places th d t t 1800 IbOl H 11 II ts tl R M 
Stock, who \ as f th 1 t tl gh p b blj t tl f rat f ts 


Their woi-sli 1 Id Idl g 1 h pt 1859 U tm f th 

erection oi' th i es t b k 1 h Iti= 1 t PI as t V 11 j 

m the ea8terl> p t tf btt Ip tl T\a-1 gt II 1 b t 

four miles fro MU Tl p t i= tl I M B g d fl 

ishiUg Sabbatl 11 t I 1 tl 1 I 

The public / / t 1 i | I b t bin th 

common aud 1 I I 1 1 11 tl t tl j 

These are, to i j 1 1 I i I I 1 t\ thi 

months more. Tl 1 1 I 1 1 j, U 1 I k 1 Itl {,h 11 

are neat and f t hi ti t d th 1 I tl I es i 


The school directors f<ir the town-iihip, arc David Eshbach, Peter Bastian, 
Henry Buss, John Mosleller, John Hofla, John W. Hnether. 

The populalio,, of Turbut, in 18(50, was one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty, and in 1870, was one tliousand eight hundred and three. 

The history of the old township of Turbut is virtually that of all the 
countr)' lying between North umherhind and the Muncy hills, and so inter- 
woven is its past, with t!mt of the newer townships and boroughs which have 
been lopped off from it, that their history cannot be entirely eliminated 
without detriment, both to accuracy and symmetry. Nor can the opposite 
course be adopted, for if the histories of the boroughs were only to be taken 
up from the time of their erection, they would then be shorn of that prepon- 
derating interest which attaches to the ancient facts and incidents of their 
settlement, and earliest vicissitudes. They should therefore be intertwined 
in such a manner as, on the one hand, to preserve as much as possible the 
identity of each ; and on the other, to do the least practicable violence to 
the rules of local aud chronological arrangement. 

Was erected from Turbut, by order of the court, at the April term, in 1843. 
Its boundaries are, on the north, Lycoming County; east, Lewis township 
(which was erected li-om Turbut at the same time); south, Turbut toivn- 
ship; and west, the Susquehanna River. The population in 1860, was one 
thousand nine hundred and three; and in 1870, it was one thousand eight 
hundred and seventy-nine, 

- As its erection is of so recent date, nearly all of its history is covered by 
that of old Turbut township (from which it was partitioned,) and by those 
of the borouglis of McEwensville and Watsontoi™, which lie within its 
territorial limits. 

The Shaniokin war-jjath lays through this townsJiip, and later — over 
nearly the same route — was laid the Nnrtiiumberlnnd and JInncy road, on 
which the weekly mail commenced to jiass, on horseback, as early as 1804, 
and the mail stages of Cummings, and Hall, and HuHngs, ran for many 
yeai-s after 1809. In the easterly direction, the old "Potash road" afforded 
a route of travel from tlie ri\'cr, by Pine Grove (McEwen's,) to the farther 
part of Turbut This road wa.s opened in the early yeai-s of the century, by 
Mr. Harrison, to give egress to the river, for the product of the potash 
works, which he established lor the convereion of the large quantities of 
wood and timber growing on his farm, six miles beyond John Quigley's 
plough-shop. The origin of the name of the road, is apparent. The desig- 
nation is still applied to one of the streets in McEwensville. 

This road, for a considerable distftnce Irom the river, passed up Warrior 
Run, upon which, were the "Vincent," aud the "Trocken miller" mills. 
The first Vincent mill, was of logs, built in 1773. by Daniel Vincent, who 
settled there from Essex County, Neiv Jersey. This was replaced in 1792, 
by the stone structure. The establishment is now run by Mr. Yeagler, and 
is known by his name. 

The filst mill upon the Truckenmiller site, was also a log building, erected 
by Shaw (precise date not known. ] It w;i> ;tl1i4waril-; buntrbt by the grand- 
father Of Dr. Hunter, of Wal.-.>(i|,,wri. Ily him, it wn> drninllshed, and' a 
frame building erected in ils \i\nn: .\i.xt, i( ua- i>wiu>il hy the Trucken- 
millei's, from whom it received it.- Uiiriiu. and now, afuT si'venil intervening 
changes of ownerahip, it is again in the possession of one of the same family. 

Farther up the run, and to the nortliward of McEwensville, now stands 
D -d G Id' 11 1 ! 't ft! llWb 11 PI 

b Ut 1 1 1111 11 t 11 t! t 1 t 

th 1 I t I 11 ! I I I ) 

Thio Id II lit 1 

f M C Id I I i I 1 1 t I t t y 

H ^Id 1 1 B i tilt a. 1 n p p I 

Igp tb Imtestl t Tl pmta.i 1 

p fitabi 1 b a 1 ] J d M C Id p based tl i p t 

T ! i I I I I I i 1 M n r p t 

1 (_ lil) L 1 1 W u ; 1 ml tot 

) t tl It H 1 d ther 1 b f 1800 

d til as II isf mei I th y 1778 h 


me of the pa h o 
e I fo (lend be o T 
nke e ag n n^ 

1 danl 

d J n M Ison ho u 

zontally to the rcjir, and he was always fond of calling himself "Blue Jay" 
Wilsou, from hU fancied resemblance to that gaudy bird, upon the obcasion 
of that memorable retreat. 

He often worked at llie houses of David Montgomery, Alexander Gufly, 
and many of the otlier settlers, and was always welcome, for he ivas both 
jovial and inoffensive. He died, sexton of Cliillisqnaqite Cluircli, and he 
sleeps in its enclosure, near tlie gmve of his old patron David Montgomery. 

Neil McCoy, a distiller, living farther north in the township, was another 
frolicsome spirit. U]ion occasions of n public character, he was always 
present, with his sons, and their antics added greatly to the general hilarity. 
In father and sons, the flow of animal spirits was unfailing. 

In national characteristics, Delaware is like the other parts of old Turbut, 
It is rolling, well-watered, healthy, and extremely fertile. Among the names 
of ancient residents, were those of Irwin, Craig, Brown, Wilson, Murray, 
Kerrigan, and Hogue, all as good fanners as any in the County. 
_---''The Viilage of Dewart, is of very recent date. Some time after the 
opening of the raib-oad, a small station was made there, principally for the 
accommodation of such business as might cros-s the bridge, at that point, 
from Uniontown, on the west side of the river. Afterwards, a post-office 
was established there, through the influence of Hon. William L. Deivart, of 
Suubury, and both the station and the office were named Dewai't, in hb 
honor. The village is still very small. There are two hotels, and two general 
stores, but, as yet, no church, though the Methodists have taken down their 
old house at "Stony Batter," and commenced to re-erect it at Dewart, A 
short distance south of the village, are tlie enclosed grounds, which the 
Northumberland County Agricultui-al Society have leased for their annual 
fiiirs. This was only esUiblished there in 1875, having been removed irom 
the lands of D. H. Driesbach, in Lewis township. 

The river bridge, before mentioned, is owned by a bridge company, in 
Union County. It was built about twenty years ago, and carried away in 
the great flood of 18C5, but soon re-built by the company. 

About three miles east of Dewart, is the very small village of Packei-svilU 
contaiuiug one store, and a post-office of the same name. 

On the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, about three miles north of Dewart, 
is the distillery of John Eystcr, a frame building forty-five by sixty feet 
built in 1866. 

Near David Gold's mill, one-haif mile north of McEwensvillo is a small tan- 
nery, once owned by Jacob Stitzel. It now does but little work. These, with the 
mills before mentioned, comprise all the manufacturing industries of Delaware, 

Public Scfiooh.— There are in Delaware township, tliirteen brick school- 
houses, in which are taught fourteen schools. The house at Dewart, is called 
the " Academy." as one of the two schools taught there, is of a grade higher 
than the others of the township. 

The free term lasts five montlis of the year, and from lour to five months 
more tuition, is paid for by subscription. The teachere' salaries are thirty 
to sixty dollars per month. 

Present Board of School Directors: President, John Ej-ster; Secretarj', 
Josiah Keysher; Treasurer, Madison IVgart; Joseph Kerr, Dr. — Harley, 
D. P. Billman. 

The Warrior Run Presbyterian CImrch, is one of the oldest in the County. 
A^ early as 1775, it had erected a house of worship. A beautiful little grove 
at the lower extremity of Watsontowu, still marks the site, as also that of 
the old grave-yard, in which, one of the inscriptions records a death that oc- 
curred in 1787. 

; preached, betiveen which an intermisssion was alio 
upon the neighborhood u 

Ihe one service, and to unfit 
eut citizen testifies, tJiat at 
Run was very much like 

y scandals circulated, and 
!, must be left to the reader 

A second log building ivas erected in 1789, two-and-a-half miles north-east 
of the fii-st site. Here, the ]>eople woi-sliipped,— even in ivintei-— without fire- 
place or floor. The fim fire wiu. upon a brick hciLrtli, in front of the pulpit, 
where the burning charcoal scattered dust, and^=d deadly gases as 
well as heat. And yet, while the thus evidenced hardihood and self- 
denial, they were not, according to present standards, etjually praiseworthy 
in nil respects. They even petitioned tlie legislature to sanction a lottery, 
by which to secure money for religious purposes, and one of the important 
transactions upon i-ecord, is a collection of pen'-reut by legal process ! 

The pulpit in the second log building was very high and narrow, and in 
ftont of it was a capacious desk, from which one or two persons led the ser- 
vice of singing. 

Two sc 
This too often occasioned 
or upon politics, or enough of giddine 
the young, to dissipate the impres.aion m 
them for the other. Indeed, an old and 
one time the fascination of a service at '' 
tliat of a grand party, so far as many w 
ments, other than those matrimonial ; h 
witticisms perpetrated during those intei 
to conjecture. 

The present commodious sti-ucture of brick was erected in 1835. The site 
is still a beaatiftd one. although the stumps of the trees, which have died, 
give evidence how much more shady was the grove in former times than 
now, even with the young evergreens which have sprungup, and which will, 
in tmie, supply the places of their deciduous predecessors. 

The Rev. John Bryson was the first pastor. In this relation he remained 
for fifty-two yeare, embracing eleven of the last, and forty-one of tlie present 
century. In the possession of the Rev. J- P. Hudson, of Williamsport, is 
the origmal call for the services of Mr. Brysou, with the names of the origi- 
nal signers of Chillisquaque and Warrior Run, making a Joint call, and 
promising as salary, one hundred and fifty pounds, Pennsylvania money, 
equal to four hundred dollars. With this small salary pledged, it can be 
realized how the one hundred and nine signers (heads of families, with 
few exceptions! had so divided their reponsibility that no one would be ex- 
pected to give more than a few shillings, and would have enough left for 
daily rations of whisky to the family. For the first missionary describes 
his host, as "sometime boisterously orthodox, at other times, obviously 
supine, but always scrupulously sober on the Sabbath." And some of the 
citizens can yet recollect when at a ftineral, the entire company were formed 
in line, and the bottle of cordial passed, very nmch as buckets were formerly 
passed from hand to hand, at a fire; but with this difference, that one was 
ivater, and the other as oil, upon the flames. After Jlr. Brj'son resigned, iu 
1841 , Rev. S. S. Shedden was his successor till 1852, and since his retirement, 
the church, with hut short .vacancies, has been faithfully served by Rev. 
Henry M. Parsons, Rev. Edward D. Yeomaus, Rev. Lorenzo Westcott, Rev. 
S. P. Herron, and by the present pastor. Rev. George Elliott. 

The descendants of the Vincents, Kirks, and Durhams, of Fort Freeland 
renown, are still prominent in the membership of the Warrior Run Church. 
And, if the merabei's venerate her dust, and attach sacrcdness, especially to 
the aleeping-places of her dead, it is because the glory of a former day is 
like that of the Firet Temple, which, in the estimation of the " Chief of the 
Fathers," no second temple could rival or supercede. 

The Cemetery, at Warrior's Run, has a beautiful and re 
by the brick church, of 1835. It was chartered many yei 
fact was one of the moving causes towards the rupture i 
1841, which resulted in the establishment of the church a 
under the pastorate of Rev. J. P. Hudson. After the la]»se of a quarter of 
a century, it is now hard to arrive at all the causes which led to those fierce 
bickerings, and induced the separation ; but, it is sure, that the incorporation 
of tliis old burial-place, was one of them. The interments there have not 
been confined to Presbyterians, and, although this is by no means the oldest, 
it is, probably, more ])opulous than any other home of tlie departed, in the 
upper portion of the County. 

Union Baptisl Chiircli. — In 1839, there wei'c, in Delaware township (then 
Turbut), six Baptists, who, thougli membere of Wliite Deer and Clinton 
Churches, occasionally enjoyed preaching in school-houses and groves in 
their own neighborhood, by Elder G. M. Spratt, D. D. The first ordinance 
of baptism was administered in the Susquehanna River, near the present site 
of the "Jack mill," May 31st, 1840, in presence of a large audience. The 
second baptism was in Delaware Run, September 1st, 1841. 

ii-s ago, and that 
1 the church in 
t McEwensville, 


B {,eu cj e- uii 1 a lei e e nmc jea a "^ 

SOD o s I ool n I t n 1 I I n B j C u u 

ng ot e ty one 11 nail | a o a u 

t n a. 1 ea E D C I > H 

ele laso of le an J V V E b E 

Ai er a ng ors PI e so o ^ n sc ool housco a 1 gro es thej n et 

upon one c as on n e Tal of 1844 at S o s hool 1 a se but found tl e 

I I- u n t b e p opo cd ngau eu an e 

b E Hallf a n a 


' h " 


e Ed H n ae n a 

came Eld Jo p T ■\I On J no 1M3 L J n E 

became jn I au Fbu UI^S] ^TBk 

« a n J 9 49 I a li n a IS A er n 

II upp Ed H E k D ^\ Mak D i I 

B r a u rbua IS en Elde Jo I u 

II k ha f, an n au ed ) ar- T n o I ee j ai^ 

E er. \\ L AIo e an 1 S AA Ze I p a li d eg I a pp ej 

■Vugu 7 18G0 EIJCMI nJ Igudp d 

o e Is SCi n t J 

h a of 1 E SIB I o "j ue lS6b T ' 

tbc last of (lie Union Baptist Qiuu'li, tur m that year (1866), the 
changed to " Watsoutown Baptist Ciiiirrli," but the meetings co tm d t 
be held in the house at Delaware Rvin until 1.S7I, when the ne m t 
house in Watsontown was dedicated and necupied regularly, 

Deivurl M. E. Cluirrh.— The Dewart appointment was orgai 1 
yeai-s jtrevinus to lliat at Watsontown, and it has been eonncctel tl tl 
same circuits. At prc.M'iit it belongs to the AVntsontoivii Station tl 
bers, for the most pari, attending preaching at Watsontown. The Id h h 
building, which stood iiirther up in the township, has been taken d d 

is in process of re-erection at De^vart. This, when completed, will b th 
place of woi-ship. 

Si. John'n Delaware 7fi»i Church, tXw(/iCT'oii.)— Prior to 1818, tl m 

beis of the Evangelical Lutheran congregation, residing in the nortl est 
part of Delaware towiishi]t, had held their meetings at the hou f J h 
Loss, under the charge of Rev. Jacob Repass; but in that year tl i t 1 
with the Reformed members, in the erection of a log church, near Delaware 
Run, and about two miles north of Dewart. This church was called "St. 
John's Union," or more generally the " River Church." Rev. Jacob Repass 
remaiued pastor until 1825, when he resigned, and was succeeded by Rev. 
Jared Sheetz, who resigned in 1836. Rev. C. F. Stoever ministered to them 
from 1837 till 1S45, aud was succeeded by Rev. S. M. Boyer, in 1846. In 
1859, Mr. Boyer resigned, aud was succeeded by Rev. Jacob Albert, who 
remaiued in tlieii" service until 1865. The congregation was then without a 
pastor for more than two years, duiiug which time the joint congregations 
denioli.shed the old b)g building, and built, on nearly the same grouud, a 
plaiu brick church, forty by lifty-five feet, and uamed it the "St. John's Dela- 
ware Run Uaiou Church." On the eoiupletion of this, the Rev. Mr. Bill- 
heimer took the pastorate, and soon efiected a connection of tliis with the 
Lutheran congregation in Watsontowu, the two constituting a pastoral 
charge. They were served successively by Revs. J. B. Keller, P. S. Mack, 
and S. P. Orwig, the last named assummg charge in 1873, and being the 
present pastor. The number of communicants is now one hundred aud 
twenty-five. They have a Union Sabbatli-school of mie hundred and forty 
scholare. This school is as old as the cougi egatiou, and, prior to the erection 
of the log church, it ivas taught in the school-hoube at Delaware Run, 


This towuship was erected from Catawissa, at the August session of the 
court for Northumberland, 1788. The baptismal name of, Ralplio, ivas 
giveu to the territory, for what reason doth not clearly appear. The ycjir 
followiug, tlie name was changed to SImmokin, by Act of Assembly. The 

a n to 


The o n 
Pa f,C ek 

R l{,c 1 I 

Y m p a uh a 

ne d on u nfi n I 

the o n I Ip J 

1 lonh n o I a n 

an kno n as Ra pi ^ a n i 

R I o a ap 1 hag i 

d I nca d a Inn 

th n bu o fe n e n 

^o b b u C t) 

ind appea el p s.,e5S a p ulla 
b kn( 

Id 1813 a n I 

M 1 

I Pu 

I r 

C I 18 1 C n o 18 3 Z e nl n IS - 

n 1 ^n n ap o<l V mj 

pa ei^ R [ I SI n k n n 

Bj I In 

f on To 4u u 

18 3b B Lt kii -npnlgiul 

gl ty J ears b i tl eat 1 t d tl nthems, aud songs of 

prais asthydd t I th first pi f nih p theivildsof Shamokin 

1 1 I p t th dings unadorned save 

1 t t 1 t t If fittmg monument to the 
i k tl 1 k of their religion, the 

t gl I Id eats J on all created iDtclli- 
f L t g f tl old gentleman, wife, 

t 1 t I th k (bout two miles from 

It k as the Saxton farm. 

Ub 1 t blrsh 1 themselves a Imme, in 

t! 1 tl J t r,f peace aud plenty; 

.!y savage was lurk- 

d 1 I 

g ' 

At i) h) th 
th d t d gl 

S yd t 11 tl 
Th f I3 It 

1 1 tl \ I J d t p ^ 
b t 1 f tl { lt\ f 

g b t I3 t 1 g tl t til dsbed aud de.^olation. 

The home was attacked; the old gentleman and his wife killed and scalped; 
two sons were captured; the third escaped to Sunbury. The two captives 
were held by these captors until the restoration of peace, when they returned 
to their desolated home. One of the brother? shot an luduiu, prompted by 
a thirst for reveugu. He was arrt-strd, and tri^d al Siitdiury. for murder, but 
acquitted. On n-ri^iving liL-^ disdiarL^i', hu exi'laiimd in tiie judge; "For 
God's sake keep Indian.^ away IVipol hi., a> i will kill all I :<ue, out of revenge 
for the death of my liither and lauiber," 

John Reeder came into this locality some time before the Revolutionary 
war, and lived near tbe present town of Elysburg. He was driven out by 
the Indians, at the time of the general exodus, and remained away about 
seven yeai-s, after which be returned to Lycoming County, and lived for a 
time on Loyal Sock Creek, Afterwards, be lived uear Shamokin, and at the 
Bear Gap, where Joseph Reeder was born ; Joseph is still residing in Elys- 
burg, at the ripe age of seventy-eigiit. Miss Kisiah Wilkinson, accompanied 
young Reeder on his retreat, ami, returning with him, married a Mr. Wol- 
vertou, afterwards, Leonard Rothiiniel. She died about twenty years ago, 
at the age of, probably, ninety years. 

Jacob and Casper Reed, were tiie first settlers, in the vicinity of what is 
now known as Reed's Station. They were here as early as 1774, aud, like 
all others who thus early penetrated the interior, suffered from the depredations 
of the Indians. Reed's Station takes its name from this old family, and now is 
surrounded with finely-cultivated thrnis, which evidence tlu-ifl and abundance. 

As early as 1774, a Mr. Hughes owned and operated, a grifit and saw-mill, 
ou Shamokin Creek, where now stands tbe extensive property of Mr. Shipmau. 
At the time Mr. Hughes established himself here, the entire surrounding 
country was a wilderness, with here and there a squatter, who held their 



lives in tLeir bands, being liable, at any hour, to hear their deatli-knell 
from the throat of some monster. With such suri-ouudiugs, and such dismal 
prospects for paying custom, Mr. Hughis' judgment might w ell be questioned, 
for making, apparently, so rash an adventure. But time demonstrated the 
correctness of his reasoning. A few yeare elajjsed, ere he ereeted a large 
stone-house, near his mill, wliich stamls to-day, although one hundrefl ycai-s 
have left their impress; it is in good stjite of presfrvation, and habitable. A 
few years ago, Mr. Shipmau ]>urohni,erl the property, and hasimpr()vi.-d until 
he has a perfect parndisu iu the nilderne>s. A Jaige, finf hriek-dttelliug 
occupies the fore-ground, flanked by tlie wagon-barn, il.-^elf a beautiftil 
building, the mill, hack no tlio banks i>f the creek. Mr. Shipman has about 
perfeetod hi.^ mill, in whiHi he takis cnmmendable pride, and now grinds 
one hundred and twenty-fi\ e bushels of wheat per day, into the finest flour. 
His plaee is about two miles from the old red mill, which was an old-time 

A mill was erected about one mile from the present site of Paxiuos, prob- 
ably about 1780, where tlie old red mill now stands. Here, often, people 
came fit)ra a great distance, to get theii- grain converted into flour and meal. 

The first settlement in this vicinity ivas made by Isaac aud William Fich- 
worth, probably soon after the Revolutionary War, certainly prior to 1790. 
A hotel was huilt at what is now Paxinos, at least ninety years ago by the 
brothers Fichworth, and the locality was called Ficlnvorth for many years. 
The name was subsequently changed to Shamokiu aud finally to Paxinos. 
The name Paxinos, was given by Mr. AVoods, Supej-intcndeut of the con- 
struction of the railroad at the time of the completion of .'^ame to the place, 
in honor of the celebrated Indian king or chief of the Shmmnene tribe who 
at one time occupied tliis valley. IrisJi Valley was fii-st settled by Samuel 
Loher, about 1795. Mr. Lober left a family of six children, three of whom 
are still living. The valley oives its name to a tragical event that occurred 
here many years ago, when an Irishman lost his lite iu the creek, which is 
now called Irish Creek. The old mill referred to, was originally built by 
Bernard Eyregood, and by him sold to Samuel Lober, After Mr. Lober'a 
death the building was rebuilt by his heirs, and in 1831, sold to John Fisher, 
In 1873, John W. Reed purchased the property, by wliom it is still owned, 
having been thoroughly renovated by him, it is now one of the best mills in 
the County. Mathias Persiug came into Shamokiu township, in 1795, and 
settled near Fichworth. His son, William Peraing, is still living, and although 
at the advanced age of eighty-four years, he is as active as a man of thirty; 
in possession of his faculties. Jacob Leisering, a venerable patriarch of lour 
scour and four years, and to whom the writer is indebted tor much of the 
information as to the early history of Shamokiu township, is still living at 
"Bear Gap," vigorous aud remai-kably active, with a good memory. He is 
just the character that the searcher after historical information loves to meet. 
The old gentleman is keeping a temperance hotel at Bear Gap. This is a 
small place of a lew families, having one flouriug-mill, one saw-mill, oue 
blacksmith shop and oue store. Near the place is a noted cave, in which bears 
formerly hibernated. The town is located in a gap of the hills on the main 
traveled mad ; hence the name " Bear Gap." 

The first school, when the English language was taught at Reed's st»tion 
and probably in Shamokiu township, was taught in the old log school-house, 
built at the site now occupied by the German Reformed Church. The school 
was prisided over by Charles Stock. 

AVilliamH. Mueueh, located at the place, in 1819, and took charge of the 
school, teaching both the German and English lauguagia. He remained as 
teacher of the same school, for twcnty-ibur years, to him came the young for 
many miles around. Some from the weigh scales, within two miles of where 
Shamokin is situated, a distance of five miles to the old school-house, to be 
instructed, walking back and forth each day. The little brick is now occu- 
pied by the free schools. 

The German Reform Seciety, have erected at the same place, a handsome 
edifice, which is regularly occupied. To say tliat the architecture of the 
church is beautiful, hardly expresses the sensations when fii-st viewing this 
temple, built in the woods, no dwellings near, the songs of the worshippers 
blends harmoniously mth the music from the feathered songsters, iu the forest 
sun'ouading. The following facts relative to thb church have been ohtaiued 
from Mr. Henry Muench, the venerable teacher to whom reference is else- 
where made. " The German Reformed Clmrch was founded about 181 2, by 
Mathias Kerslmer, Andrew and Jacob Fry, Abraham Arter, Sfilomon Kirk, 
Andrew and John Smith. The corner-stone of "Jacob's Churcb" as it was 
named, was laid on the 28th of August, 1814. Dedicated August 14th, 1816. 
The building was of brick, two stories high, gallery ou three sides, and cost 
three thousand dollars. The size was thirty-six by fifty feet. In 1870, the 

house was re-built aud enlarged, mzc hcuig mcieased tn lort^ b\ seventy feet, 
with biis^-ment for a Unmn Sthbath school The cxteiioi of the buildiug 
indicates great taste aud hbcialit\,on tbe pait of thetotiety The total .cost 
was seven thousand dollai-, The offiuilmg pai lics of the Geiman Reformed 
Chiu-chtiuceitsorganizatinu,liaM. hem Re\ Mi Ingold,Mi Adams, Martin 
Bruner, H. H. KnoebJe, Rithaid A ri.hei, Henr> Hoflmau, Charles Ritten- 
house, Mr. Hibsham, Losh D McKellj and the present pnstoi. Rev. Mr. 

Is thickly populated with au industrious, thrifty class of people. Many of 
the original settler's descendants, Mr. Lober, are scattered along the stream 
that meandeiB among the hills. Near the south-ivest portion of the township, 
the Methodists have a fine chapel; a little further up, the Baptist Society 
have a church; still further, near the confluence with Shamokin Creek, the 
United Brethren have erected a creditable edifice for ivorship. Several 
school-houses, saw-mills, blacksmith and shoe shops, are located at convenient 
distances, all of ivhich indicate public spirit, wealth, and intelligence among 
the people, and a desire to educate the moral man, as well as the physical 
and intellectual. The thrift observed in Irish Valley extends all over Sha- 
mokin township, as nowhere, outside of Lancaster County, probably, can he 
found such evidences of prosperity among farmers, !is is ohsen'able among 
the farmers of Northumberland County, and particularly Shamokin township. 
This township has been greatly reduced iu size since its organization. Its 
present boundaries are as follows: On the north by Rush township aud 
Columbia County; on the east by Columbia County, bordered by Roaring 
Creek; ou the south by Coal and 2ferhe townships; on the west by Upper 
and Lower Augusta townships. The surface is varied, and somewhat pecu- 
liarly formed. It is traversed in all directions by hills, which form many 
pleasant and fertile valleys. Irish Vidley, on the south, is little more than 
a narrow defile, closed iu by mountains. The township is well watered by 
Shamokiu Creek, and its tributaries, which enter the township near the center 
of the southern line, runs almost directly north, to the northern bouudary, 
and skirting the base of the hills, that border closely upon its margins, makes 
a nearly right angle, turning \Vest, and flows into the river uear Sunbury. 
Population, 1870, two thousand two hundred and eighty-two. 

One of the most remarkable citizens of Shamokiu township, and long 
known as the olde-4 inhabitani, was the above peraou. According to the 
rpcui-d in the old fiimily Bible, in his possession, he was born in Nasa, Ger- 
many, on the Sth of June, 1760. His death occurred ou August 1st, 1867, 
in his oue huudi-ed and eighth year. 

AVhen he emigi-atcd to this country, iu 1772, he was sold for his passage 
to a George Sell, near Kutztown, Berks County, for seven yeare, for the debt 
of twelve pounds. At his death he held this agreement, which says — "the 
said George Sell was bound to give him his hoard, lodging, and apparel, aud 
have him taught to read aud write, and at the end of the term to give him 
two suits of clothes, one of irhich must be new, besides twelve pounds in 
money." Soon after the expiration of his indenture, he came to Shamokin 
township, and settled there. He was an excellent farmer, and his ]nethod of 
culture was looked upou as authority. He was eccentric iu his habits, and 
by some was looked upon M'ith superstition. The tradition is current among 
his neighbor to this day, tliat large sums of gold are buried near his late 
resideuee. During his life, he had some ten or twelve clocks in his home, all 
keeping the correct time, and he frequently told persons that after his death, 
when his personal effects should be sold, he ivould peep in at a certain win- 
dow, and watch the ti-aasactions. 

A few years before his deatli, he cradled, bound and shocked fourteen 
dozen of rye, in oue day, without hat or shoes. Only one year before his 
death, he cultivated and dug his potato crop. He was the last link that con- 
nected the past with the present. His funeral sermon was preached from the 
following text, selected by himself: "Is not my help iu me? and is wisdom 
quite driven from me?" — Job, 6:13. His descendants are quite numerous. 

The only organized meeting of the Society of Friends, in Northumberlaud 
Couuty, is in Shamokin township. The meeting was organized about 1844. 
They hold their meetings in a plain frame building, plea.saiitly situated on a 
public road, two miles north of Bear Gap. The congi'Cgation is small. 




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land, and became closely identified wiUi the intercsLs ot the new county. 

Many of the prominent citizens of tbe connty claim direct descent from 


these men. 
Captains John Boyd and John Bnll, officere of the Kevolntiouary war, 

On petition of Mindi\ i 


nb Lf tlieCounh tliL 

c uit attht rtbrnnrv 

came to the Countj- soon after the war, and for many years lived in and near 

term of 178ti diMckd Malimmif. town hij wd did 

ul tbit iHitimliing 

the forks of the river. They both are bnried in the cemetery at Northum- 

between the two ioiks ul thi. su 

[iicliiniii P mt 

rhcnami i pnbibly 


owing toit^- |itcnlini '•1iii])l I 

. ik lul.ed -to fillo 

1 Bi^-inninj ,t the 

Jani'-^ Wiilll^ ti <oin..what noted character, was also an eiuly pioneer, from 

mne-mili- h i k n th .1 

ih li 

ub iiud extfiidiiign&teih nlon^iAIimtoui's 

Berk- ' Il- l-l ii.ic at tbe age of one hundred nud two-years. 

Eidgetotl. 1 ihn^ ,tA\ 

11] Ul 

Litok> mill OD tbe 

Chilli quaipie Creek. 

Hi. ., r 1 1 1 ', 1 s.lti, at the age ot" eighty-four, and his grandson. 

The town l.i[ 1 mul\ i 

1 IlIK 

td bi the north nnd 

MC t biautlie ot the 

j,,iu,. ,. .,,1 ,, :l„ ji^-e of seveatv. 

Susquehiiuii i lui I t ut 11 


HI It hL!dLi> 11 grta 

dial it hUL bottom 

Johii and,, -1,1. lii.T were al«. early -ellleiN. 

land Jlontoui JNI nintuii 


il 1] n^tliL n rthuii 

h uiilin diiidiug it 

Joliu Nixon, a uiuiid. t ili.; alih- liiiao.ii r and patriot, Robert Morris, 

fiom CliillisquaiiiiL t \mi 


Mu h 1 thu iirl lit 

1 liilh and poorly 

settled on thenoilli laam li, llv,- inik- aliL.v,- X..rlliiiiid)erland. He possessed 

adaiJteil to agiicultuit 111 

1 n « 

1,11 (MCitaliu. the 

bink it the inci^. 

many of tho.-i' iliiiiarini-iii- dial iniul;. .1 lii- ;.'iaiidfather a man of dis- 

can the soil be cultnatc 

1 iiitl 

iiioht The hi>.t olhLLi^ »cit ns loUous; 

tinctioii. Hi- il lahiiii- all aiiii.ii- iln uin-l ii-| tt'il in 1 In- tnwtidiip. 

Joseph Coihat tunhtiibk 

L Mt.Cftitue> lujd Beinard Hublei over-eeR3 

Jnliii Mil 'alia, till liiilnr ..1 ii liii-.. liiiiiili ul' .laii-liM-. wii- an liihiihi- 

of tlie i»}oi Janica Hcpb 
ftud Daniel Kelly, vicwltb 

d Jiiniea Jenkins sup 

of 61 

'"i:!::";' ''';:':'■■-': "^ 

About 1756, Thonms Lemon 

settled on tlie.old patl 

between the forks of 

ft';;,';,; ■ ' ' /''''' \ " / " n. '^""''Z 

the river niid Diiuville, lit 


■as known as the Old- 

tone Halt-way Honse. 

iimvk:iii|i '.1 ■ ■ ii'i'l '■ I' ■■ ■ill- ;■ i''i' of 

HekeptL.v.nilu.iv n,:n, 

, and itaicd a large 

family, whose e.tperi- 

eiLiiiinii I-, iu:iii\ liin'i- .ahI.'!!" il .il'ilii'. ■■■■■ ■■ \ '' ■■■! upv- 

ence in l\y !>:ii-[i --U'-i 


[.li.iLiM- ik-veloped powei-s, that eniineiitly 

iiig IiIl'Ii |-"Mii''i'>. Williiiiii, u -^ii, «:■■ ! li. ■■ ^'i i-.i.i' .■■■Millie 

fitted thuiii t..i- III.' ir,,|...|-i 

III I'll 

i!l. \ \\i-iv called upo 

n to act after anivhig 

iij-st nuilr i-lnlillini-M iiMlif ( ■.unity. Inv ,. ,i ■ i 1 ii 1..I llie 

at niatuiilv. While livii 

ri !''-■' 

in aliMiLt 17G0 or 17 

61, the Delmarc Iii- 

funinii;^.-inll nf majtir. Ii.' <iii'.l ut lln' ^lj. ..1 . i_lii v -luili-. .hi.! In- .ii -.-rinl- 

diaQ9 made u dcducut upo 


•ttlemeiit, James Lemon, a hid of fourteen 

oiits lire luiiiid in nearly every piu-t of tin- Union. Thuniii-s born ITlili.waa 

years, was absent from the house 

when he discoverwl the Indiana. He crept 

killed by the Indians, in 1780. David, the father of the venerable, John 


Xlnggnrt st II I ^Dg at tie nge of e{,ltj-t 
He s ceeded ^ n o ^ 1 i. 
office Icl Idf t V 

T ggi t on of D 1 I 

n •» oner of C nnl I ^ c I 

groat oomn oner TlaUeu ^ e C 

been h ee son n 1 ne 1 il ter D 

1 Join 

t ee 

11 ,o „ 
ISiS nd 

C n 
W 1 tl e 

CI lib. 

II Tntg- tsl 
11 c cd n tl e 

tl e 1 a c 
e otlh 

sr gl 

Ic ge f h 

He IS 

Mu m 

H JO „ed 1 e 



Co I D 1 Tat 

k f he 

u I ] J DO re red to I ate ] i a d 1 a og su 

an \ eii e and careful elected ] bran cd au 

1 pe f an fo Is ot aU deacr pt on I e is pr pa ed 

r I a I of 1 fe ^tI tl e greatest pos^ ble amou t ol en 

ell fitted t 


; 1 eld 1 

El le 

Ibefu 1 

1 i 

1 1 ne- f lang e i e e I an 

writer or speaker Ta cs Taggar ib k 1 e 1 c lal 

beloeR hmond Ju e ill IS AI PI 1 ^ " 11- i an 

tru t u tl e office ol tl e Prea^u e of 1 e '^tat Alary I e 1 I ut,l te 
of J 1 n Ta^e-irt s n n td to Dr To epl P e,tle 1 le 1 e ous q aud 
granddauj,hter of Da 1 Taf,gart L married to "M E Pnoatle t! e onlj t\ 
I 1 g Dole desccndanta of the celebrated Josej 1 Pne&tiej hose b ograj hy 

11 be found else vl ere 

As 1 efore s ated tl e Ce n ans hucceeded the Scotel InsI n tl e settlen ent 
of the to nsl p open iig uj e ery a a lable spot aud establishiug m 1I« etc 
About 1790 tt fe Englisl people dn e from the r 1 omea 1 tl e pen^eu 
t ons of tl e r go em ent ere attrac d 1 her b 1 e fert It of tl e od 
and des rable locat on 1 el forn e 1 tl e cut the len t oi a 1 ghl\ 
intellectu 1 and cult ated c lony To en o n n^ I o tl e «ons of 

Dr Joseph Pneotlej 1 purchaed la j,e t t t laud It ev to 
encou ngint others 1 k uated n 1 tl e s 1 e. Vn on„ r ca e John 
■ a te I E glan t 1 ^l e on a 1 ba ed I s neck 

byn kuigal el t on 1 e lau 1 f 

ond ted 1 uil. It u su 1 a nanne 
Br t 1 1 on hut peiv all 1 s 1 a a 
Engla I n uch 1 ) 1 I u Po 

h 1. 

Ih 1 

B un a have 
U iito of the 

I o I He left 
Ilea Istller^ 

II n edness 
I u Mi 

S nu e an 1 le of oil onest) 1 [ 

Bn be mealed fei IbeanoftleD f, ^j^ovei 

t PI 1 lelph a be an e au al lermnn a d I u i860 

R 1 ert J "W Ik 1 hue pi ) ogn five cent 

fro nurn ala^etnflTaurlugBu lanaus 
n 1 "1 u h n I ul ood tt Po t to nsl p hia 

fa te- u e n ^ u bu-land 

^ m u C ,1 I e- I I tl lun of the age, wai, a pooi boj in thi= 

County, many yejm ago. It was in Northumberland he received his first 
lessons in the -'art prescmitive," aud under the tutelage of the learned A. 
C. Huston, that he was iuducted into the mysteries of type-setting. 

Robert C. Grier, who retired from the heneh of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, in 1874, on accouut of old age, was another of the residents 
of ton-nsliip, in his early days. He succeeded to the priucipalehip 
<jf Xurtiiumberland High School, on the retirement of his father, the Rev. 

Matthew Huston was a prominent eitizeii of the township. Hia settlement 
dales at an early period. He was, for two tcrniH, a member of the legislature 
and clerk of the senate, while Lancaster was the capital of the State, Sir. 
Ha-ilon has been intimately associated with the development of the varied 
iuterests of the County, ond his memory \v\l\ 1)l> ever reverfd mt having been 
a useful citizen. As woidd be expected, in a ..■onuiumity whei'e aiu nourlsbed 
such talents, where the associations and siinounding:! are aufh as to develop 
all that make men true aud great, due attentiou is given to schools and 
churches- Probably, nowhere in central Pennsylvania do these institu- 
tions i-eceive greater encouragement, than in the little nook denominated 
Point township. 


1 1 un Tiirbut. aud Mahoning townships, in May, 1786, 

1 nded as follows : " Beginning at the corner ot Point 

t jf Montour's Hill, nearly opposite to the nine mile 

i om thence to Joseph Wilson's, on the north side of 

L lu lue C e k from thence to the top of Limestone Ridge, to the 

; up ed j N 'al Davis, on Colonel Fmncis' land ; from thence, a 

' t ourae to t e west branch of Susquehanna." 

fii^t CO abl was John Cheney. Overseers of the Poor— John 

and Joh C Ilespy. Supervisors— Thomas Strawbridge and James 

MeMefiiu, Jame& "■* 
McWilllams, Eobeit 
McBride, Hugh 

McNitch, Patrick 
Martin, John 
Morlson, Job 
McMehin, John 

Randies, Robert 
Sweeuv, Archie 
Sulv. John 
Scott, David 
Stedman, David 
ShaM', John 
St«dman, James 

Sb-awbridge, Tlios. 
Shipman, Jai 
Teeple, George 

CI lk.quaque a sufficiently timbered, well-watered and generally healthy. 
The surfice s oil nj, and In many ])arts may be called lougb. Agrieid- 
turall t n u (c inr to the utlier portions of the original township of 

Tu 1 t But I t lacks in thiss particular, may be overbalanced four-fold, 
bj tl alt] 1 d 1 ene:ith the surface. 

loo L tl r [ rofiision, the stratum and the quality belug ideutical 

tl tl at I eh IS iou d at Bloomsburg, at Danville, and at Turtle Creek, 
n U on Count} Tl s result is obtained from tests of l1ie ore-beds upon 
la ds of Hezek ah Pa ks, two miles from Jlonlandon. and at other points. 

L ne of tl e very best quality may be manufactured In most parts of the 
to vnsh p There a e vlthin a mile of Moutandon, ten kilns In continual 
bla..t and I ave a constant demand for their product, tor shipment to distant 

All along the western part of the township, from the northern bound to 
Chill isquaque Creek, the soil is .sand, which tlie farmer, from his point of 
view, despises. This layer of sand is twenty feet thick, and so clear, that it 
requires no screening for masonry or plaster. It is shipped by railroad and 
canal to Dan\'ille, MifBinbnrg, and other places, and so favorably is it 
known there, that contracts for the erection of buildings aud other structures 
are otleu so drawn as to oblige the contractors to procure Montandon sand 
for the work. 

Immediately after the gi-ants of land upon the river had been made, in 
1769, to Colonel Hunter, Colonel Fiancis, and other officei-s, tor military ser- 
vices, many s]jeculatoi-s, Jis well as pioneer aettlere, appeared in the countrj- 
about Shamokiu, aud in Northumberland. Prom thence, they pushed on, 
and, of course, soon invaded the territory which is no\v endiraced in this 
township. The mouth of Chillisquaque C^reck was a point ^vliich would 
naturally offer attractions to prospectore, and we find that Richard Malone, 
had located himself there immediately after 1770. He was a prominent 
man through the struggle for independenc-L — a member of the Committee 
of Safety, and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Colonel Turbut 
Francis was also a resident in this part of the township >vhicli bore his 
(Christian) name, and Alexander Miller and Jolin Alexander were there — 
men of mark, aud of some wealth. 


Before the tmviisliip wiL^ [mrtitioiietl from Tmliiil, Thomas Straw-bridge 
had eatal.lish,.! a laiimTv ; Arrhihal.l P»v, la v. .1. ,:■ Finiston, nnli William 
Alleu, ha.l a .li-iill r\-, aa.l Tlaana- I'aliii. la :.-rist and saw-iuill (proba- 

Idv the iue<l,..v-.,.r ..f il.r ,.1,| - Wil-rai ilill" : 

■.V llu' 

Battalioiirwhii ran hardly he ^aiii to have showu as iimeh eagerness to aid 
Fort Freeland in its extremity, as did the brave and devoted Hawkins Boon 
and his gallant men, when tliey marched to its sueeor, on that fatal Summer 

But if the loeatioil of these settlements saved them from many of the hor- 

roi 1 a t 1 1 d t 1 11 tl b ] 1 1 tl d d 11 tl 

dut tl t (,1 I 1 B d as ttl tl I tl PI 

site L I 1 tl 1 cs t 11 t 1 M t 1 H 1 1 1 1 f 

bytl e= M \ 1 I nt k II 1 1 Ij 1 1 tl 

aiio tl Lo 1 h I I tl 1 1 1 1 1 1 C 1 1 m 1 

Br d 11 t t 1 k t l-t i Sh k 

to tl 01 K 1 (, tl 1 lit I m 1 t 1 ght 

nor 1 t f (. (tl gl I 1 1 gl i t)b tas 



nnl 1 Id — f tl 1] gk 

Tl 1 18: 1 f It t ) H 1 1 d d bj t h 

A I i d f 1 t t d th 1 t tl B It -al mm 

nit etl ts Ip Ljtastljl te^fp 

fon di 

Tl m Lfa ^ II I I 1 ^ 11 isi rtins. 1th gl th t 
shii h IV I k Ir Ism 1 tl I tagcs fl 1809— aL Im 

aci 1 L 1 g D 11 1 tl t t 

n t t I 1 1 p t»— c 1 1 1 1— b th ss tl 

enl t I 1 1 I PI I I ll 1 d E d f tl t th d th 

Ph 1 1 Iph d R 1 g fr 1 1 est) 

t 1 J t t 1 Ig 1 i 1 815 to 1 tl 1 b t 

it I I d t h d 1 tl ) 1 b 1 1 Aft t pi t 

prod t d 11 11 1 t d f th 

the 1 d t hi I t t 1 b b 1 Ch II q q 
an Id t lb cs b gl t h a. tl cs It t ts 1 ci 

St 11 g t 1 1 es 11 tl ming i tl 1 m tl d tl y 

ha 1 dl) been b tt Id th m g cs Its t P It. d 

Mo t d 

Tl L h gl ds b 11 b t tj j 1 P 3 f 

Un C t t kl 11 It d \ ( 1 11 tl 

bridges tl ) tl g t fl d t 181 lit t b it 

an 1 IS ] b tl 1 tl p 1 1 t 1 d 1 tl I 1 tl 

bra h 1 II tl II I 1 lih IE It L 1 g U tl 

compl t t tl -5 I 1 IE 1 1 11 1 tl t I p t t 

was est bl 1 1 1 1 ' » 1 > '" I' ' ' " ' ' '' 

tra 1 ^ g t I d 1 L 1 g \i 1 th 1 1 t t, t t! b dg 
bi-o gl t t t tl II t d post fti I 11 I I 11 

mi p hi 1 g It d d t t It 1 as 1 

on tt \ t 1 K b t M C m gs E q d t j I Drs 

Pu dj d J es Vs 1 t 1861 tl b I 11 1 I f h es 

■ and -i 11 t e— k pt th 1 1 1 1 1 phj 

sic D P d d 1 1 Tl I IB pt t dM ll 

dial) d t ) t b t es 1) g I 11 1 t ftl -ill 

It Idl ll dt dhasjtltfmbl 

lisl m ts I I i ll 1 ml m t pi I d t dl d bt 

less b m d J ■ I gr d 

P((j llllgl tlgmth Iddhbtats 

lyi g tl 11 t I I t tl I 1 p d 1 td I tl 1 

the PI 1 1 1| 1 11 1 ^ 1 I 1 It 1 p t ffi la cij m 11 

tw t 11 111 

i I 11 I 1 1 tl 1 u I fM t 1 

wl tl It Ml \ 1 1 1 1 ^ tl t 1 d g fr nl 

Le b t D 11 O tl 1. I t tl cs bs- d — 

atoppiugpl f tl 1 tg t b tl Ime. ftl firat p p t 

of this inn was Lot Carson, from whom came the name Sodom, the place 
where Lot lived. Poor Carson came to a sad end, being droivned in a well, 
into which be had fallen while under the influcnee of liquor, of which he 
was much loo foud, 

Chillmpiafjuc paslroffice is in the south-eastern part of the township, near 
where Richard Malooe lived a hundred years ago. There is no village 

The flour-mill of D. Heiscr & Co. is on Chijlisqunqnc Creek, near the 
Philadelphia and Erie Railroad. It occupies the site of the old " Wilson 
mill " of sixtj' years ago, and also probably that of Thomas Palmer's, which 
was built by "him as early as 1778. 

Palmer's' was a log structure; the Wilson mill was of stone, and its suc- 
cessor, Heber's present mill, is a frame building. It does good work and 

Steam Flovr-miU at Paitngrave. — ^This mill was firet erected ou Limestone 
Run, m Tnrbut township, by William Follmer. It was there operated both 
by water and steam-power. Becoming unprofitable in that location, it was 

1 d e- t J t P It "1 11 1872 h) W 11 F 11 

MllK.ldl Stilt Iggdb c>, 1 

tl m t I E ^ 1 Sm tl ^ C 

Jl I I I ff I CI ot B tl till f m d -at 

par t b It 1 (I I 1 I I I c- d 1 II m Is, tl t 

Mill tl 1 d I n A t 11 I dtl 

hi d 1 1 1 p tl I t f 11 1 g p I 

I p p t 11^ d 

S II f I L I f \. I —n I d CI 11 q q C k e. 
H 11 11 It 1 I I g t f p t 1 t p 

Tl M t I ll I II t I «i d 1 cs h tt n, fra cs 

d g 11 g I 11 k 111 t 11 Tl 1 I h t 

dist h 1 11 1 d t th It I It h I th 

pen 1 tl 1 1 I I 1 D « 1 f d D e,l 1 Vfl n ds 
Jos pi ^•=bt q d I t dtl k il Cs, te ded 

Th p rat gh Nt.1 D If d rl t C 

P« S/ ; — II t p 11 11 ll I lashp t f 1 h 

ar B ded rh I 1 1 1 .e i 1 1 f bn k d 

d fi 



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(18 b)B d 

SI ^\ W ■« V I 

1 W 11 Ft I 

.S ;>( I C / / 1/ ( ' — Tl B pt 1 1 us 1 1 p t M la 
d as I d t I 1 I Tl h 1 gn zat b t tl er has 

bee DTCgat I hit t t B pt Is M I d d t 

i th I rsbl tl tl ftl 1 1 1 11 Tl ) 

tmte- tl 111 dl fill Iki tt 

tl I 1 11 11 1 1 11 11 1 1 I I I t pn I 

1 Tl I 1 111 1 I 1 1 11 11 1 1 g 1 

t 1 II I M 111 I III t CI 11 

, tl 


It g gat 

1 1 |l I I gtr I - 1 tl 1 I 

b 11 I 1— M I d 1 d d t «ell tl 1 1 cd h d I 

b 1 1 11 1 1 It p 1 1 t ll I tl E 

gel 1 1 k 1 I 1 I 1 t tl 

t hip b t I 1 I 11 I 1 tl h 

■« 11 m B tl I 1 I 1 1 1 I 1 th past 

f th E g 1 1 I I I I M 1 1 I 

M I I M ! t / / - n 1 1 g I «■ t 1 

1814 Tl hi^t I I M 1 k P Vft 1 m tb p 

ttlh IIIIIPH Tnl- C 

JIB JlMlllkChlC 1\ Hr 

Wl R g HI t J 1\ m V 1 «1 

T yh U 1 J 1 \ r t 


I 11 

ISKl tl 
S 1 1 

t tl 1 

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II '; bh 1 I 1 


Ma dm 1 1 tPlUgr — Tl 

I 1 1 If tl !■ 

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bn tv and te \ 
1 kr 1 1 M 1 a 
t I L tC 


1 1 



bl 1 gtedttllltbttl mlm th 

Gcht Itlr-b m 1 tltll 1kg tllghie. 

th t "1 tl n 1 11 1 1 1 1 E tl 1 b k 

th h lb, 1 1 m 1 1 1 1 I h tt d J tl lib d 

tiled 1 hni, 1 1 tl Itl V d tl g g It 1 d 

t t jl,n<. It 

W 11 I f tl ly p n f tl t lal p 1 u ea H 

as 1 84 b ttl 1 5, " 1 11 1 k f tl 1 1 1 t d 

1 g t I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 k 1 1 11 

f 1 1 1 t I I II 11 1 I 1 1 H 

W 11 II I 1 \ II 1 1111 

d ] t til 1 I I 1 111 lit 

t i 1 e^ H d f I I d t 1 tit f 

h J H d till e. d& t tl I t I f ef tl th and 

W 11 H I a. beo m 
t 1 t 1 1 tl I It 

bit H 1 di h 

i d bl p ID 1 g: 

1 1 dl p pi tl 1 t 

tl di t llq t t 

t I f L d It tab 1 p 

tail f th mp t t 1 IS C t) d St tc H d d 

August 28th, 1871, at tlie age of sixty-five years. Modest to a fault, bis 
record was one of which his dracendanta may well feel a CODsidei-able degree 
of pride. 

Michael Weaver emigrated to Berks County from Germany, and about 
1770, sctlled in wliat is now kiiijwii as Rush townsliip, on lands since known 
as belonging li> PcU-r HaugliawmilV cslale. He was driven from his home 
inaiiv tinu'.-, and lunk ivlngr- at Full .\ngiista, from whence freiiuent sorties 

would l>i' 1 Ic I'v baud- nf il„. r.tiiL'ccs, driving the Indians hack, and 

eunbliiic tic- -.tllrj-. 1m -:iih, r in iluir crups. At the brcjiking out of the 
war of lie- ll.Viiliiiii.H. .Mi, \\'(:i\ii ijilistcd in tlic Contiuental army, and 

Kcc'd's fid 
south 11° 

link- nurtli 111 Sii\diri<jwn, and intereccting the Augusta township lino on 

rir.-t CuiisUiljk, Philip Andras. OveiseeK5 of the Poor — .lobn Dewitt, 
John Hunt. Supervisors — John Kane, Peter Kane. 

J wlint is 
aud first 
hack of 

.,ii^ n ;,.,,i.,l I , i,,. |.,. , III ,'l.lanviH.-. which took ili 

iiielrnn, ilic Kcviiliiliiaiai 1 licn.. Jli. luarliarl raiicil -i,l llic old honie- 
ad, a tiiniily of tsvelve cbildrcu, all uf whom, with a single exception, re- 



of bis grandsnus, W. M. Weaver, wics Shcrifl' of Norlhnmbcrlaud Clonnty, 
from 1863 to 1866, aud has been long known as proprietor of the National 
Hotel, at Shamokin. 

Among the earlier settlers of this section was Alexander Moore, who, in 
1788, moved from New Jei-sey, and located on Shamokin Hills, about one 
mile south of iireseilt site of the lianilet known as Rnsbtown. He aud bis young 
wife (Mr. Moore was but nineteca, and she some years yoniigerj started out 
in life with an inheritance of gonil health, and plenty of energy. They were 

married at night in their old lu in New .Jci-scy, and hcforo twelve hours 

of their houevmoon bad pa.*sed, were on Ibeir way to the field of their future 
labors, ill the'wilds of Slianiiikiu. Tlieircnursc led tlicm thningli where Potts-' 

icil Ihc 


11 1 and his 


17i!6, they 

n coni|i,l.i,.> 

^ in a very 


inildora, in 

done riizi-iili. 

_. his settle 

held the i.,| 

tliL- wu-ly :^M\i:vi <.f Uiis uuiliitry, J!r. Munre's gmii.lsuci. ik.w a worthy citi- 
zen ijf .Suiibuiy, rdiitfS timt Ills grainHitther Imd hiiuii known to lift iiban-el 
of wliisky from the ground and dibk from thu bung. But tew of the present 



BITTENBENDEFf, erected 1857^ 



I ns our people ure of the iirdeut, could acmmplisli siidi a 
feat. Tlic labor nepes?ai-y tu clenr away the forests uiifl cultivate the si)il iu 
those days, deveh)]jed the luubcles essential tn tti-c-ngtli and euilurauce. Then 
want never stared in the iace he wlin had health and strength. The strong urni 
alone could supply all wants, ami in n large inajnrity i)f' iii,stauee>, pave the 
way tn opulence for tho'se following after, 

K/iiic Grove, a little post-town of Rush township, isab (ir.t >ftt]r,l 1m tin 
grautlfather of John T. and F. A. Kline, from wh.nn tliu hu-alitv di v]^r•] h- 
name. Nature reigned :^uprelne when the piouc-er firat eiiti'r.-irtht-tL- ^^ili- ; 
the wolve.s hear^ ami Indians competed with Grandfather Kline for yuai^ 
for pii^t^iou, Ijut the strong arm of civilization ibrced suhmiegion, and to- 
day, hi-, ih-.-ri-ndant,- are enjoying the fruits of the herculean lahoi-:-, in the 
possession of home', fliat, for heautj' aud product ivenesa, are hardly surpassed 
io the County. 


"Was erected from Turhut, iu 1843, by order of the court, at its April session. 
It is houuded, ^vest by Lelaivnre townbhip; uortli by the Lycomiag line on 
Muncy Hills; east by Montour County; and south hy Turbut towDship, 

Many of the most stirring events of Indian and Revolutionary wartare in 
Northumberland County, occurred within the present limits of this township, 
wliile it was yet a part of old Turbut, in which connection they have been 
recounted. Within the hounds of Lewis laid the Pattei-^^on patent of Tara- 
disc— thi' .I'tth-ment and "fort" of the Jloutgomery'h, a^ well as the renowneil 
Fort Fri..eland, with the milh and tarm of olil Jacob, who fii-st brought tin- 
name of Freehuid fnmi Jei-=ey to Northumberland County. His original 
farm is now divided into three— the Tiubrook, the Driesbach, aud the i\IcFar- 
Jand farms. The Tiubrooks were well known ns scythe-makers, at that 
place, years ago. D. H, Driesbach is now, not only proprietor of one of the.«e 
sub-divisions, but also of the Eagle Hotel, at Turbutville. John McFarlaud 
owns the flour-miUs at AVatsontuwn, a hotel, and other real estate at Dev, art, 
as well as a part of the Freelaiid lands, and the historical mill site. Sixty 
years ago, all this property was known as the Hower iiirm and mill ; one by 
that name being proprietor after Freehiud, and being also the builder of the 
stone-basement structure now owned and run by MeFarland. On "Let Kun," 
in the northern part of the township, near Lycoming line, is a steam saw-mill 
of small capacity, carried on by John Harman. These are all the manir- 
facturing establishments of the township, 

Kiejerslown is an unimportant hamlet, about two miles south-east from 

Leim Centre is a similar cluster of houses, two-and-a-half miles north of 
the borough. In 1873, a MethiKlist church (which had been but a short 
time completed) was destroyed there by fire. No one can be finuid who lias 
any knowledge whatever of the circumstances of the burning. There is 
now no church at either of these places. 

About 1825, aud tor some yeai-s tiiereafter, a part of the eastern section of 
the township, bore an uueuviable reputntion, as being the haunt of couuter- 
feitei-s. Their haadquartei-s were supposed to be at Abraham Hawes' tavern, 
just across the line, in Montour County, but Abraham's private residence 
was in Northumberland, and there he \nis finally captured by Sheriff Henry 
Reader. After serving his term in theState Prison, he returned to his crimes, 
and incurred another sentence. One Giltnei-, a confederate of Hawes', and 
a resident of Turbut, was also convicted, and underwent full punishment 
within the prison walls. But since the coining fraternity were hunted out, 
no part of the County has been more law-abiding than this. 

The ancient grave-yard near Fort Freehmd, is nearly, if not quite, a cen- 
tury old. The lii-st interments there, were doubtless of those killed iu the 
Indian fights and massacres' of that bloody neighborhood, aud these were 
added to, for some yeai-s after, by natural deaths among the settlera of the 
vicinity. It is now a long lime .since any have been buried there. 


inths i 

The leacbers" salaries :ire Diirtv-iivc dollar.- ]M- month. Tlie common Eng- 
lish branches are tuught. and the schools are good, iijr the grade. 

The Board of Scho'ol Directoi-s for 1STI5 is, President, John Klapp; An- 
thony Gauger, C. L, Hocklev. Levi Follmer, Jeremiah Leinbach, Daniel 

The population of Lewis towuship, in 1860, was one thousand two hundred 
and ninety-nine, and iu 1870, one thonsaud two hundred and twenty-eight. 

Was iorioed by :i divi-ion of Augusta towuship, which was eflected Novem- 
ber 4th. lM4(i " 

Tin- territory now embraced within Lower Augusta was of that fii'St settled, 
an.l originally'a part of old Augusta township, but in 1846 set up an indi- 
vidual organization. It is peopled largely by Germans, who early occupied 
the territorv, and by whose industry and economy fine farms have been 

The surface it generally rough and hilly ; the .-oil but moderately product- 
ive, except with careful husbandry. It is quite thickly populated, particu- 
larly in the vicinity of Seven Points, aud along the valleys. Agriculture is 
the pi-ini-ipal industry, as it is in most other localities where the German ele- 
ment predominates. Little Shamokin Creek traverses the township; other 
streams afflird abundance of water for all purposes. The townsliip is bor- 
dered on the east by Sliamokin; south by Zerbe, Little Mahanoy and Jack- 
son; wcat bvlhe Sunqnelmnna River; north by Upper Augusta. Popula- 
tion, in 187U, cighleni liLindn d and two. 

William and Nichnhi- SI,ipio:in i ,iioi> int.. the hicality, and settled along 
Borises Run, in 1794 Thn\ lii,.o-ht tamllies with them, and some of then- 

till I 


■ the t 

.etth-d on t 


Jersey. Abraham, a grand-un of AVillia 
place, and at the age of .ixty-,-LX, a.^ free I' 
often. .Jacob Conrad settled on the Hoi 
Shipmans came to the cianitrj-. Cat])L-r Si 
near its mouth ; the two la-.t settled before t 
Ihe farm improve.l by Mr. Snyder. The I' 
built on Holland Run, at a very caHy diiy, :ui.l \~ imw ouncd by William 
W. Duwitt. John Weit/el located on Little Cin,-k, aud built a 
mill about 17.S7, which i:, now owiied and operated by his son, Joseph Wcitzel. 
The early bcttler- endured many hardships, the extent of which can scarcely 
be conceive<l at the present rlay. The Conrads located under a big white- 
oak tree, and there remained until they had tinie to build houses. 

The German Reformed Society established a church in the to^vnslup ui 
1815, which is kimwn as the "Stone Cluu-ch." The Rev. Peter Shingle was 
the fiRt Lutheran pastor. He preached altogetber in German, and labored 
hard for his people to retain then- native tongue. Tlie German Reformed 
Inive three distinct church orgaiuzatious now in the township. 

The Methodist society organized a church many yeai-s ago, probaljly aljout 
1830 or '35. They have now several different societies. 

The Presbyterians were among the fii-st to establish a church in the town- 
ship. The Rev. John Bryson officiated fpr many years in barns, or wherever 
he coidd get an audience. The difierent socieric^s were weak in those days. 
The membeiv' scattered over lar^a- areas of territory, rendering it dithcuit to 
concentrate interest in any partii-uhtr locality, aud cnnsequently diflicidt to 
erect houses of worship. ' But the strong, fervent faith of our li\t!iers stopped 
not at ordinary barrier-s; their earnest zeal carried them forwai'd iu every 
conscientious duty. 


This was a portion of one of the original townships of Northumberland 

Couuty, aud was organized at the first session of court for the County, held 

at Fort Augusta. April 19th, 1772. It was descibed as follows : ■■ Beginning 

and Northampton CuinilLe.-; ili.-nec l.y iln- Aww ..M Cniii.iy hm. ih.rili-w^'si 

of tlie iH,rth branch. It has since been sub-divided 
,n>>'i.t sine and shape, until from the largest it is now 
owii>hips iu the County. In ISOS. fbr reasons set forth 
„h.d>itant.sof Snnbury, the latter place was organized 
iiship. In 1841.!, Lower Angust;i was tormcil, wldch 
embraced a larji-e esteol of territory; subsequent to tliis date, the secHou 
known as Limestone Valley, was again attached to Upper Augusta, thereby 

m a pctii 

sular houudaries. Iu 1785, Ca- 


km ga ed T fi 


Was erected from lower part of Aii-iishi, ;it the February se>-sioii of the 
court, year 1775. an rl desmbe.l, n,- tullnu.-: - Begiiming withhi water-mark 
on the west ride of 8iisquehanii:i ; ihi me nnr^siiif.' the same by a direct liue 
to the top of Mahaiioy Moiuitniu; ;io'l iilnng the same to the County line; 
thence by the County liue to tlio Spread Eagle, to tlie mouth thereof; thence 
crossing the Siisqueliniina, and up tlie western shore of the same, to the place 
of beginning." 

First Constable, Sebnstian Brnssius. Overseers of Poor — Samuel Weiser 
and John Fisher. Hupervisoi-s — John Shaffer and Peter Almiuiy. 

From Slahnnov were formed: Point, 178(5; Upper Mabanoy, 1806; Jack- 
son, 1836; Jordrin, 1852; "Washington, 1856. 

The old Wabanoy township here described, lias long since censed to exist 
as a territorial organization, but the name is perpetuated in those of three 
different townships of the County, which, with various qualiiicntions, have 
received the name of Mahanoy, 


Divided August session, 1806. into Mahanoy and Upper Mahanoy. Con- 
stable elected. Upper Mahanoy, John Latclia. Upper Mahanoy township 
presents about the only geometrical figure not yet described by the bounda- 
ries of the townships of Northumberland County. Jt lies along the border 
of Schuylkill County, by which it is bounded on the south; by Cameron 
township oil the north ; Washington and Jordan on the cast. The surface 
is mountainous aod sus^ceptible of supporting but a sparse population. It is 
travei-sed in all .lireclious by little streams, which wind among the hills, wa- 
tering the little valleys, which alone appear sufficiently fertile to attract set- 
tlement. Population, eight hundi-ed and seventy-eight. 

The territory now ibrming Loiver Mahanoy township was among the fii-st 
settled outside of the immediate vicinity of Fort Augusta. It is claimed 
that the iii-st settlement was made in the year 1777, and there appears noth- 
ing authentic to establish an earlier date; but there are traditions among the 
people of difficulties encountered with the IndiaiL- before the Revohitionarj= 
war, and of the exodus h'om this section of white settlei-s to escape the scalp- 
iiig-knife, from which, if true, it would appear that, some yeai-s before the 
date established by history, the adventurer had erected his cabin here. As 
early as 1778, a Mr. N. Brosius, whost descendants are yet numbered among 
the prominent of Mahanoy township, built a grist-mill on Stone Valley 
Creek. This mill has been renovated at divers times, but the foundation is 
still there, althougli a hundred yeacs have elapsed since the laying of the 
corner-stone. This would be proof conclusive of thesettlement of this country- 
prior to the date fixed in the chart, as there nuist be a demand among the 
populace for public improvements, as no pr-L-srm at that day would venture 
largely on inture prospects. The name'^ ot all the ..ligiual ^^ettlers will be 
found appended hereto, showing the po]jiilalion (if Mahnody township in 
1778 to have been considerable, and the improvements of no moderate pre- 
tensions for the day. 

A preponderance of German names suffitiently indicates the character of 
the population. The fine farms, handsomd' residences, and a general appear- 
ance of comfort, evidence thrift and abundance seldom found so generally 
among any race, except the Germans. Tlie similarity of the names of the 
present with those of one hundred years ago, furnish proof of the nou- 
migratory habits of the people wlio liret settled here. The township is hilly 
and rough, the surface being similar to that of most 'parts of Northumber- 
laud County, south of the north branch of the Susquehanna. The lime- 
stone, which i,s found underlaying a large proportion of the surface — itself 
a mine of wealth — and the thrifty habits of the inhabitants, have divested 
the couutrv of most of its wildness, and now charming homes arc found scat- 
tered over 'the entire township. It is bounded on the east by Jackson and 
Jordan townships ; south by Dauphin County ; west by the Susquehanna Eiver. 
Population in 1870, one thousand seveu hundred and nbaety. 


Albert, Peter 
Albert, Jacob 
Aim any, Peter 

Kitater, M. 
Kull, P. 
Kable, Cuspei 


Bamgertuer, H. 

Kaljle, Heury 

Bender, G. 

Kable. D. 

Berwell, A. 

Krails, H. 

Bi-itke, V. 

Kofnian, C. 

Biddle, E. 

Kailer, H. 

Bros ins, N. 

Kaimer, James 

CnUiooD, G. 

Kiuiklc, M. 

Deuner, G. 

Lenharte, M. 

Deppr, C. 

Lower, C. 

roster, William 

Lefler, P. 

Foster, George 

Latshaw, H. 

roster, Peter 

Lefler, C. 

Foster, Jr., George 

Loury, Henry 

Fisl.ei", Mfirtiii 

Miniam, Mary 

Fisher, John 

Miner, Q. 

Grimieer, N, 

Meyer, Isaac 

Garrison, N. 

McKee, Alexande 

Hortoii, Jolin 

Markev, D. 

Hain, M. 

Miller," Mary 

Hiiin, Henry 

Maier, Jacob 

Herkert, John 

Maier, Widow 

Hoope, John 


Hetotrick, N. 

Noran, M 

Hetriok, C. 

Osarigliter, Jacob 

Heim, Jr., G. 

Phifier, J. 

Heim, Sr., G. 

Philipps, Jon. 

Heif, M. 

Peter, Eichard 

Heberling, J. 
Hable, Abraham 

Pope, Nicholas 

• Right, George 

Harter, John 

Bolmck, V. 

Jaglev, G. 

Eailen, H. 

Knell', J. 

Eailen M. 

Keterly, A. 

Eeddy, P. 

Smdei J 
'^hea^er M 
Sabnstiau S 
Stump Sr C 
Stump Jr C 
Shevei Jfhn 
Sha\ci N 
Trootninn P 
Tiippei W 


. M 

Thompson, W. 
Wesser, Samuel 
Whitman, P. 
White, Joseph 
Wliitniore, (_■. 
Wolf, John 
Witman, J. 
Wesev, F. 

Was erected from Augusta and Shamokin, at the April session, 1813, and 
bounded as follows: "Beginning at the top of the Mahanoy Jlountaiu, near 
tlie river Susquehanna ; thence along the line that was lately run, which 
divides the Mahanoy townships from Augusta and Shamokin townships, to 
the County line; thence the beat coui-se to the Stony Gap, at Shamokin 
Creek; thence along the mountain to the place of beginning," 

This township was organized in 1813, and has been diminished in she, 
until but little is left of that which once was Little Mahanoy. What remains 
presents a very irregular appearance, and is hut a little valley hemmed in on 
all sides by mountains, which forju its boundaries. The jjopiilation is small, 
being confined to the centre of the township, where consideinble arable land 
is found. It is bordered on the north and west by Lower Augusta township, 
east by Zerbe and Cameron, south by AVasbington and Jackson. Population 
in 1870, two hundred aud sixty-nine. 


Was erected and formed a new township from Upper and Lower Mahanoy, 
at the January session, 1835, and bounded as follows, viz. : " Beginning at a 
large stone heap on the summit of the Line Mountain, in the line dividing 
Upper aud Little Mahanoy townshijis ; thence south 7° east, live hundred 
and sixteen perches, to a small maple ou the eastern bank of Middle Creek; 
thence up the same, making said creek the line, the several courses thereof, 
five hundred and thirteen perches, to a small apple tree on the southivest 
hank of the west branch of the said creek; thence south 7° east, eight hun- 
dred aud forty-five pei-ches, to a white oak on the bank of Mahantango 
Creek; thence down said creek, the several eoui'ses thence, one thousand nine 
hundred and forty-four perches, to the western abutment of the bindge over 
said creek, near- Suyder's mill; tbence north 25° west, five hundred and 
twenty-four perches, to a double chestnut on the tup of Fisher's Kidge; 
thence north 5° west, five hundred perches to Fidler's liuu ; thence down the 
same, making as it run the line, the several coui-ses thereof, fivehundrcdand 
ninety-two perches, to- the eastern bank of the Susfiuehauna River; thence 
across said river north 701° ivest, tiiree liuudrcd and Hity-one perches, to the 
opposite thereof, and the Union County line; theuce up the same, the several 
coiii-scs thereofj oue tliousand one hundred aud seventeen perches, to the line 
dividing the townships of Little Mahanoy aud Augusta; thence along the 

same, and the di\'iding line of Upper and Little Mahanoy t 
thousand nine hundred and eighty perches, to the place of beginning." 
First Constable, M. Drumheller. 

This township, witli most other townships of the lower part of Northum- 
berland, was origiually settled by Germans, who emigrated here from Berks 
and Montgomery Counties, and at an early day, somewhat anterior to the 
Kevolution, formed the nucleus of what luis since become an important set- 
tlement. The Germans are, as a people, agi-iculturist.'*, and here they have 
given their attention to tilliag tlie soil. Much of the soil is heavy, and as a 
rule, non-productive, except Stone Valley, which extends back from the 
river twelve miles. The laild here in this valley is reasonably productive, 
and is all underlaid with lime. Jluch attention is given here to bummg 
1 this valley it is estimated that upwards of one thousand lime- 
i distance of ten or twelve miles. 
iwnship were but few, besides farming and lime- 
u-s there was but one mill in all Jackson township, 
r is on the site of the first mill built in the town- 
V three mills in Jackson; one owned by Keitz, in opera- 
's, and the third o^vned by David Boner, 

kilns are in operation, in : 
The industries of the t 
burning, and for many ye; 
The mill owned by We 
ship. There are u( 
tion about fitteen ' 

which has been in operation not less than seventy-five years. 

But little a 
its first •settlement, 
held, where the Gei 
time free schools w{ 


1 this all impo 
iship. ii 

n was given to schools in Jackson, for many years after 
Occasionally, a term of oue to three months would be 
man language was taught; but not until 1866, at which 
[■e started, did the people become very much interested 
work. Now schools are held in five difierent houses in 

If ( 

1 felloi 

citizens were iudiliercnt about schools, they did not neglect the much more 
important work of educating their moral natures. Near the east end of the 
township, the German Beibrnicd and Lutheran people erected a log house, 
which was used tor a great many years, aud in about 1846 was torn down, 
and replaced by a fine brick edifice. An Evangelical Church has also been 
built in the townsliip for the accommodation of people of the peculiar Evan- 
gelical creed. 

These churches are well sustained, and regularly supplied with preaching, 
whatever their peculiar creed or faith. One thing is obser\'able, the people 
who attend are eminently eonseieutioii.=, industrious and respectable citizens. 

Many yeare ago, there resided in Jackson township an old lady by the 
name of Xandere. She died in 1856, at the age of about ninety-five years. 
She made a home with Mr. Swartz, uncle of the Clerk of Conmiissiouers' 
Court, for many yeai-s, and to the family with whom she resided she related 
many scenes of distress and hardship, through which she passed. On one 
occasion, her family was attacked by the Lidians; all escaped but one sister, 
who was captured aud carried away, but, after many years, returned. A 
young girl, with the fleeing refugees, ivns shot through the breast, and in 
falling, ibrtimately tell behind a log, and being hidden from the Indians, 
succeeded In staunching the How of blood with her apron, and rejoined her 

Jacob Heberling settled on the Mahanoy Crci-k before 1776, aud built a 
grist-mill which was patronized for many miles around. Mr. Heberling' 
Himily was frequently disturbed by the Indians, and often were forced to leave 
their homes for self-preservation. An old white-oak tree, \vhich stood for 
many years after the country became thickly populated, was the receptacle 
tor their valuables, ivheuever the people were compelled to leave. The mill 

i frequently remodeled. It h 

s jiassed through several 
owned by Mr. Holshoe. 

Ckurchci.—The German 
township about 1800, ivhich 
miles around. 


Waa Liected hnm J\cL.on and Upper Mahanoy townships, April flth, 1852. 
It i\ la uan e I in honor ot Judge Joi'dan, for many yeai-s law judge of North- 
umbtrian 1 C mutj Ito lotahon is on the extreme southa-n bounds of the 
Counts an 1 1 1 Dauphm County on its southern boundary; Lower Mahanoy 
to«n.hip \\et Jacks n inn\ a Iiington north; and Upper Mahan.iy east. 
Thetuiiattj i i Ji m 1 m uutainous, Fisher's ridge tr.ivfi>ing the town- 
ship in a ni t lux t hue List aud west through the centre. Scattered around 
nmoug till, httli, \ die) foimed I ^ almost innumerable peaks of nmuntains 
or hills are "cttletl a laige number of farmers, who appear, despite their 
rough surroundings to Inn e dug out pleasant aud attractive homes. The 


first parties in the uew township, were Peter Schwartz and Benjamin Jliichle ; 
first fnii-tnlile. T). Bnlmer. Tli- Fishere, John ami Mai-tin, .-^cttied in wliat 

til.]. I 1- iji.w i.i-u|.i. i| l,^ It _^[ Swartz, eominis^ioner's clei'k !it SiinbuiT. 

Til, Miii.M, nl ilii- i>,\Mi-iiii, 1- somewhat rongh ami hilly, and \\,.uiil be 
cunM(lL-u-d. in liiinci-, a \^-i\ uude:,imble place ibr farniei--. p'oitiinately 
fur tills, and iminy ..tlier a^ little Javorablc loeiilitiea, it wa? peopled by a race, 
whof-c industry and et-onomy have become proverbial ; and where many 
would -rarcel) daiv U- si ttii-. thin hardy people have built up fine homes 
and ^urroundid llu ihm l\i - with idiundaiicc Farming is the piineipul busji- 

ne— Till liiiii I liiiii iImi uccui)ies the attention of many, lime 

b to fertiliziujr purpiwi-^. ludii'^triefl 

n b an« mill, which «a.- ori-iually 
hui T i bo 1S40, was demolished and in its 

pi e e I on I o ned b Granville ^V•n■t. This mill is 

op d u 1 ipai e of loing a great deal of work. 

T o J d n oun 1 to bu ttle prior to the inauguration of 

tie e 1 ol . D, 1 aiij e eu o eurrcd in 186U. There are now 

seven school-houses in the townsliip, al! nell sustained, where both English 
and German languages are tauglit. 

The German RHurnu-d and Lutherans built a bouse of worehip about 

1852, o 
of leather. Tin 

Irvln r.^1 4r. 

IMm K- 



■)d \^ a 

t 1S40. 

1 the town 

centnU, he soon gathered about himufroodly nuinbi-r of 

he sold lots. He built and conducted a tavern. There 

one hotel, one cigar-shop, one store, one blaekimith-=hop, one earpenter-^lui]), 

one shoemaker, a post-office, and nine family iwideucea, giving a popuhitiou 

of about one hundred people. 

"Was erected from Coal township, by Act of Assembly approved Febniary 
10th, 1851, Fiist Justices: Solomon B. Boyer and Solomon Dunkleberger, 
Constable, John Hein. 

The townsliip presents the form of an irregular parallelogi-ara, having a 
length of about eight times its width. The Mahanoy Ci'eek passes through 
the entire length of the township from east to west, fofming along its banks 
the only eligible spots for settlement. It is very spai-sely settled, being too 
rough and mountaiuoas, except along the stream, to invite settlement. The 
population, in 1870, was si.Y Imndreil and three. 

Oowen City was laid out in 1870, by JIi-. Helfenstein. Peter Weikle was 
the original proprietor. The i>laee contains one hotel, one store and a few 
dwelling-houses . 


Was erected, by Act of Assembly, March 11th, 1853, which reads a-s follows: 
" All that part of Coal township, lying west of a line beginning at the line 
betweeu G)al and Cameron town.ships, at a point two thousand feet weshvard, 
or where the said line crosses the wist boundary of a ti-act of land surveyed 
io the name of Alexander Ilunler, the 27th day of October, one thoiLsand 
seven hundrcil aoil iiii)i'ly-loii]-; thence north 4° west, to the line between the 

First othcL-i.-: .lu^ii'i,-, ]i:iiiiul Beckley and John Metz. Constable, J. 


Was erected out of Shamokin and Little Mahanoy, at November session, 
1837. Fii-st Constable, Samuel Eisenliart. Overseers of the Poor, George 
Cartcher and George Gutshal. 


Was erected out of the eastern part of Jackson andwe.-tein end of Mahanoy, 
Januai v 14tb. lH5(i. Fii^t Justices, Peter Kee.l and M. D. Huffman. Cou- 
ntable, Solomon Billman. 

Tbit. toMUbhip, bo!t-ting an ancient and honored tunne, is of modern origin, 
having been organized in ISoG. The suriace i^ tiuver^ed by the same ranges 
of hills, ■wjiicli rise up and confront advancement in every part of Lower 
Northumberland. It is bounded north by Little Mahanoy and Cameron 
townships; east by Upper Mahanoy; south by Jordan, and west by Jack- 
son. Population, 1870, eight hundred and one. 

Was erected November 14tb, 1854, out of the eastern end of Coal township. 
First Justices, Felix Darich and John Yarnall- Constable, George A, 


Shamokin t is the largest, wealthiest, busiest, and most populous town in 
Northumberland County, The site chosen shows the wisdom of the fbundei-s, 
ivho, in the early period of the coal trade, iore^aiv the uiiglity business that 
would be developed in the future. They could not say, as William Penn 
did in laying out Philadelphia, that "it seemed appointed for a town, because 
nf its coves, docks, springs and lofty lauds," for the location waa a dark and 
almost impenetrable swamp, thickly covered ^\'ith pine, hemlock, laurel and 
rocks. It might at that time, with great propriety, have been called the 
"Shade* of Death." A more dreary and foi-saken fput could hardly have 
been found, and none but far-seeing bu^iueso men would have ever thought of 
selecting the site for a town. 

Shamokin is centi-ally situated m the great Slinmokiu Coal Basin, at the 
Gap in the Big ilountain, which opening is the principal outlet for shipment 
nf coal to the Susciuehauna fi-om the Middle Coal Field. TJic location is 
regarded as a healthy one, being at an elevation of seven hundred and thirty 
feet above the level of the sea, but iv better drainage would add to its 

The to^vn lies in a narrow valley, in the centre of Coal township. The 
Big Mountain forms its northern boundary, while several spurs of ridges lie 
to its south, cut by the Shamokin Creek, which crosses the valley and town 
in a winding direction. The tributaries that unite witli the creek at Sha- 
mokin, are Coal Run, from the east, and Carbon and Furnace Runs, fi'om 
the south-west. The irregular coui-se of the old creek channel, the uneven 
surface of ground, ami the different plans of pei-sous who laid out the different 
parts of the town, have greatly interfered with a regular arrangement of the 

Surrounded by miinutains and hills that circumscnbed its horizon and 
municipal hounds, cut up by spurs, ravines and tortuous streams that pre- 
vented the rectangular plan of town-building from being carried out, and 
possessed of a surface that was either a swamp or a pile of rocks, it jiresented 
such striking objections, that no ancient city-builder or modern town-lot 
speculator would then have taken the land for the taxes. But such men as 
General Daniel Montgomery, Bnrd Patterson, John C. Boyd, and Alexander 
Jordan of that date, and Kimlier Cleaver, Judge Helfenstein and William 
H. Mai-shall of a later period, well knew the inherent worth of the locality, 
though many of th«ae statements, at that time, were ridiculed. 

The many revei-sas that befell Shamokin in its early history, did not shake 
their faith, and among the old residents, there were several who stubbornly 
maintained "that Shamokin would yet be a city." Their argument was 
"the coal is here ; when it is wanted the town will improve." The result has 
shown that their logic was good. The vigorous growth of the place for the 
past few years, the springhig up of numerous hamlets and villages in its 
vicinity, its favorable location in one of the richest coal basins of the State, 
and its excellent cLiiunnnication with all the great coal markets, indicate 
that Shamokin is dcstim-d to become one of the great mining centres of the 



Coniiiiouwealtli. The orthodox tiiitli of the old re& denta 1 ns been coufirn ed 
by the gi-ent corporiitioiis of the day, three ot 1 1 1 n (, p ircl nae 1 
neurly all the coal lands in the Shainokin coal b s u B) tl c 11 1 lelj I m 
and Reading Railroad and the Lehigh Vallej R ko d u tl e st a I tl e 
Northern Central Railway on the west, it has due t a i_s to tl e i arkets 
along our seaboard, and the great lakes of the uurti t 

Shainokin has fre(|uently been termed the P t lie ot \ rtl i bcrlan 1 
County, and it is well deserving of the name. 

The tbllowiug list of outlets and distances to arket i nL o t the \al e 
of its location: To New York, New Jersey Ceotml R ilroal, a Topton, 
one hundred and seventy-six miles; to New York, Lehigh Valley Railroad, 
one hundred and eighty-four miles; to Philadelphia, Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad, one hundred and twenty-six miles; to Baltimore, Northern 
Centra! Railway, one hundred and forty-seven miles; Havre de Grace. 
Pennsylvania Canal, one hundred and forty miles; to Erie and the lakes, 
Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, three hundred and seven miles; to Elmira, 
New York, Northern Central Railway, one hundred and thirty-seven miles. 

The word Shamokin is of Indian origin, and like most words from this 
source, possesses a very euphonious sound. Indeed, it is truly fortunate for 
the historical language of our State, that so many of our streams and local- 
ities have retained the beautiful names bestowed on them by the red men. 
What prettier words tlinu Wyoming, Wyalusing, Cataivissa, Sliamokia, 
Popemetuug, etc.? 

Writers of poeti-y and romance have not failed to recognize this fact, and 
in legend and story have used many Indian names, thus adding charm and 
interest to theii" works of song and fiction. 

The word Shamokin, in the language of the Delaware^, (who, with a few 
Sliawnitese, occupied this port of the State,) signifies Eel Creek, or Eel Pond. 
The name was given to our creek on account of the great numbHr found in 
it, at or near where it empties into the Susquehanna. The name was also 
applied to the famous Indian village that stood on the banks of the river, 
where Sunbury is now located. This was ever a favorite spot with the Sus- 
quehanna tribes, and no word was dearer to the ear of a Delaware than the 
word Shamokin. Our town then, and for a century afterwards, was a howl- 
iug wilderness. Its dark, swampy forests were only inhabited by beasts of 
prey, and a lonely path along the mountain side, leading to the Tulpehocken 
region, was occasionally traveled by some roving Indian hand. Not even 
tlie rude Delaware^ would build their wigwams here, in such a solitary wild, 
that is now the site of a great mining town. 

The name Shamokin seems ever to have been a popular one. When the 
Moravians established a missionary post at Suubury, in 174S, they omitted 
their usual custom of applying a scriptural uanie, and retained the Indian one. 
The name Shamokin soon extended itself to prominent puint.-^ aruuud. The 
great island in the river was termed the Shamokin Inland; the valley 
extending eastward was called Shamokin Valley ; and the Irnii: miige of hills 
running parallel to it, was named the Shamokin Hill,-;; alter the fniniatinn 
of the County, the name was applied to one of the principal township- ; next 
to what is now termed the Big Mouutaiu ; next to the First Baptist Church, 
in this part of the State, founded in 179-i; next to a postofiice, atSnufllown, 
and finally the name was Ijestowed on our town, and to one of its principal 
streets. So much for the name. 

The completion of the Schuylkill Canal, in 1825, attracted the attention 
of busiuess men in Philadelphia, and other parts of tlie State, to the import: 
auee and necessity of connecting the waters of the Delaware and the Sua- 
quebauna by means of this improvement- Rittenhouse, and others, of a 
much earlier period, had conceived the idea of joining the waters of these 
,two great rivei-s by a canal, but the undertaking was too vast for tho means 
at command at that day. 

The honor and origin of this railroad may justly be given to General 
Daniel Montgomery, of Danville, one of the most enterprising and far-seeing 
business men of his time. 

In 1826, the legislature uf the State granted a charter for the Danville 
and Pottsville Railroad Company, with a capital of tliree hundred thousand 
dollare— tlie fourth one granted. Under this act nothing wa.s done : but in 
April, 1828, a supplement was passed, increasing the stock to one million 
dollars, and authorizing branches to Suubury and Cntawissa, so as to catch 
all the trade of both branches of tha Susquehanna. 

The iblloiving were among the commisiiouers appointed : Burd Patterson, 
Benjamin Pott, of Pottsville; Joseph Passou, of Catawissa; General Mont- 
gomery, of Danville; John C. Boyd, Joseph R. Preistley, and John Taggart, 
ot Northumberland; and Judge Jordan, Hugh Bellas, and E. Greenough, 

of Suubury, etc. 

The leading men in tliLs enterprise were Stephen Girard, of Philadelphia, 
ho owned large tracts of coal land in the Mahanoy region; Burd Patter- 
son, of Polts\-ille, one of the ablest and nio»t far-seeing business men that 
e er resided in the State; and General Montgomery, of Danville, fatliei>in- 
lav to John C. Boyd, the founder of Shamokin. 

At this time, General Montgomery, who was one of the Canal Commis- 
sioners of the Commonwealth, procured the services of Moncure Robinson, 
Esq., one of the most famous civil engineers of our County, and during that 
Summer explored the woods and waters between Sunbury and Pottsville, in 
running experimental lines, to ascertain if a railroad could be constructed 
over a route, probably one of the most unfavorable in the Countj-. In 1831,- 
Mr. Robinson submitted his report, stating that a railroad was practicable, 
and could be made for six hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars. This 
' included the grading of n road bed for a double track, the laying of a single 
track, the necessary turnouts, and the several planes, mth their fixtures. 
The report was adopted, and the company, in 1832, commenced on the east- 
ern end, by request of Mr. Girard, \vhich was completed at seven per cent. 
less cost than the estimate. 

It was the cherished idea of Girard to extend the Danville and Potts^nlle 
Railroad up the west branch, to Erie, cnuci-ting the iuo>t distant parts of 
the State, by rail and navigation. Tiiis mail |ia».Tl uiidi-r several names; 
it was sometimes called the "Central." and a^'uiii tin- "iiirard Road." It 
was the design of the directora, that the oai^lcni divi.-iuo should transport the 
coal from the ilahanoy basin to Pottsville, and thence by canal to Philadel- 
phia; while the western section should convey the coal from the Shamokin 
region to Sunburj-, and thence, by the Pennsylvania Canal, to Baltimore, 
and other places, while the entire route should be devoted to passenger travel 
and lumber trafllc. 

In November, 1831, Girard and Montgomery died. They wei;e the main 
pillai-s in the enterprise, and their deatlis exerted a chilling influence on the 
progress of the road. 

From the beginning, Ste])hen Girard had been one of its warmest sup- 
porters, and but for his uutimely death, the great undertaking would have 
been completed nuich sooner. It is known that his sudden illness prevented 
his appropriating three hundred thousand dollars towards its completion. 

In 1832, a further supplement to the charter was passed, extending the 
time of completion to April. 1838. 

During the Summer of 1832, the ensl 
menced, in conformity to the desire of Mr 
work on this end was done this year. In 
orously, he ordered from England the iron to plate the rails tor the entire 
road. The eastern end was completed in the beginning of 1834, and wji;; 
■worked I'ur a short time, but owing to the imperfect connection caused by the 
bad \\orkiug of the planes, the work was abandoned in a few years. 

This year the legislature passed an act, guaranteeing five per cent, inter- 
est on three hundred thousand dollare, for twenty-seven years, providing 
two-thirds of the fiinds thus obtained, should be appliefl to the completion of 
the western section. Bonds were sold at auction, in Philadelphia, for this 
purpose, and in July, 1834, work was commenced on twenty miles of the 
western eud, between Shamokin aufi Sunbury, and was graded completely iu 
the early part of the Summer of 1833. Shamnkin at this time, aud pre- 
viously, was known as John Boyd's .stone-coal (juarry. Iu August, this 
year, contracts were made for putting down the supei-structurc, aud laying 
the strap iron on the wooden rails, ibr thirteen and three-eighth miles, be- 
tween Sunbury and a point now called Pasiiuis. This was completed iu 
three months' time. On November 2(Sth, ISSS, the opening ceremonies oc- 
curred under the charge nf^ the Chief Engineer, Mr. Totten. "Two elegant 
and commodious passenger cars," just built at PotlsviHe, for this roadj named 
•• Shamokui," and " Mahumy," were placed on the tnick on the bank' of the 
Susquehanna, at Sunbury. Each car conliiined about thirty passcngci-s in- 
side and outside, drawn by ten Jiiail ruiu'h horses. .Vt iwelvo uV-lock, the 

1 of the road i 

1 half of the 

i i.iish the 

irted, a 

id the 

t iwopk 

. the 

who had assembled to winu^s this imwl s|H'i'i;irie. \i i 

Here, a large concourse of people from all parts of the Shamokin Valley, had 
assembled to witness the arrival of the first phsaenger train firom Sunhnrj'. 


A stimptiious (tiouer liad been prejJared for the visitors, after which a meet- 
ing -was held, presided over by G. Daniel Levy, the oldest citizen of Suubiiry, 
nnd the old^'t member of tlie l)ar attending. Lewis Dewart and Charles 
Donnell were ap|X)inted Vice Presidents; and Peter Lazarus, and Daniel 
Brantigon, Secretaries; Hugh Bellas, Esq., delivered the address, giving a 
detailed history of the road, and the bright prospects of its future. 

The following toasts were read: 

By the President — " Tiie memory of Girard and Montgomery — the foundei-s 
of our railroad." Drank standing. 

By Vice President Dewart — " The President and Managers of the rail- 
road — faithful to their trust — perseveriDg in a good cause." 

By Mr. Bellas— 7-" Moncure Robinson, our Chief Engineer, whose science 
has triumphed over the mountain — whose labors insure success — whose 

By Charles C. Hegins, Esq, — " Local improvements, like theseparate culti- 
vation of our intellectual laeulties — while they benefit and enrich tlie part, 
increase the resources and strength of tlie whole." 

By Col. Paxson — "Our railroads and canals — the pride of our State; the 
people look with confidence to their completion, guided by the hand of judi- 
cious economy." 

By Peter Weimer, Esq.— "Hugh Bellas, Esq.— The view he has just 
afforded of the present work, shows how intimately he has beeu connected 
with its origin and completion." 

The balance of the road, some six miles in length, leading from Paxinos 
to Shamokin, was not completed until August, 1838. The particulars of the 
completion of the road, etc., will be given in another article under the 
head of " Origin of Shamokin." 

The land upon which Shamokin stands, is principally on the Samuel Clark 
survey. This tract originally compiised about four hundred acres, but it lias 
been divided into smaller tracts. The patent for this land was issued to 
Samuel Clark, on April llth, 1776, by John Penn, Jr., and John Penn, the 
i of the great and good AVilliam Penn, the founder of the State, 
i occurred about four years after the formation of tlie County, 
and about three months prior to the Declaration of Independence. The 
ljric<' \K-r ii'iv \\;l-; iiiii.^t likely the usual one for proprietary lauds of that 
]ic-riiiil, mill ii \> i]iiiU' probable a British stamp legalized the transaction. 

Ill .linir. l77i;,S;iijniL'l Clark sold one-third of this tract to Thomas Lighl> 
tnnt.and ill 17!l"i, the remainder to Fraueis Johnson. In 1803, Abraham 
Clierry, and afterwards John Cherry, became owners of the Johnson por- 
tion, and Jacob and Mary Tomlinson, of tlie Lightfoot part. During this 
year, by agreement, they divided the Clark survey ; John Cherry getting two- 
thirds, or what is no\v the lower town, and Jacob and Mary Tomlinson one- 
third, or what is the upper town. 

The one-third part, in the couree of time, appears to have been sold for the 
taxes, and finally came into possession of "Walter Brady, a former sheriff of 
Northumberland County. Walter was a fast man of that period, and on 
his retiring from office, was considerably in debt. The property was put 
up at sheriff's sale several times, hut there were no bidders for the property. 
It finally was sold August 19th, 1824, on account of a debt of eighty-three 
dollar.- a'rid liilv •■•.'nl>. .in.- Mii.'luiel Zuernc. the grandlilther of Mr. Joseph 
Ziii-iii.-. nfnm- I'uu 0. li wiL-^ ili^rrilied lis a tra^'t of land situate in Shamokin 
riM],. lii.uudni l.v lands i.f H.-iijainii. (.■am[)iK-!l, late Benjamin Tomlinson, on 
whi.-h tlu'ti' i- a*.^.;(--.,)„/ ,j>u,rn,. A ?mall portion of the land is cleared, 
.m whii'h is ere^'ted a small Ing-dnclliag, occupied by the widow of the late 
William Dncher. decejised. The western line of this track ran from near 
the Central School-house, south to the Methodist Church, and along the 
western side of Grant street. The ]»rescnt line between the east and west 
wards of the bnrongh was the division line. 

Jc-^se Majoi- was the purchit'^er. Major was a loose character; 111 fact, an 
outlaw. He had been accu:ied at difierent times of robbery, horse-stealing, 
and counterfeiting, but managed generally to escape punishment. He was a 
wandering tailor, and was very fleet of toot. Every bad act that occurred 
in the neighborhood was attributed to him. Tradition says that at the time 
of sale, Major had just been released from jail, and in |)a-ssing by, in a joke, 
made a bid of twelve doUam. There being no other biddei-:^, the tract was 
knocked down to him, amid considerable merriment, as the by-standei-s sup- 
posed he had no money. But to their surprise, he ])aid down the sum in 
gold.' Coal was known to exist upon this tract I'or many years previously, 
but its value as a fuel was not ftilly known. Major visited his purchases 
several times, and obtained some samples of stone-coal in the creekj between 

Clay and AVebster streets. It is said he took some of these pieces to a black- 
smith at Paxinos, aud told him to try them. The smith placed some of the 
chunks upon the top of the hearth-fire {a charcoal one"), but as they com- 
menced to fly in small pieces as they became heated, the coal was proaouuced 
worthless. But Major did not lose confidence in his "tone-coal, and in his 
travels over the country exhibited his mineral specimen-:. His character, 
however, was so poor that his coal aud assertions received but little atten- 
tion. Major was very axious to obtain a horse, and ofiered his " kingdom 
for a horee." Finally, in the Spring of 1826, he stopped one night at the 
tavern of Joseph Snyder, who then kept a hotel at the " Liberty Pole." 
Here he exhibited iiis coal, and offered to trade his tract, now the most beau- 
tiful part of Shamokin, to Mr. Snyder for an old grey hoi-se. Mr. Snyder 
declined the offer, but told Major to go and see Johu C. Boyd, whom he said 
was fond of speculations. JIajor went to Boyd next, and finally made a 
sale, Mr. Boyd having ascertained that there was coal on the premises. Mr, 
Boyd jiaid Major two hundreil and thirty dollars for the property, an old 
hpree, valued at about fifty dollars, was part of the payment. The tract 
contained one hundred and six acres, eighty perches. 

He afterward purchased of Jacob Tomlinson his interest in the laud for 
five dollars. This purchase was made just after the passage of the Dan- 
ville and Pottsville railroad bill. 

Coal was known to exist here at a very early date, but its use was not 
fully understood, aud hence but little valued. Mr. John Thompson, an old 
citizen of Shamokin, near eighty years of age, informed the writer tliat coal 
was discovered in the Shamokin region long before it was known in Schuyl- 
kill Count}'. He says that the Cherrys, the firet settlers, bad noticed it, and 
that Isaac Tomlinson picked up some pieces in Quaker Run, about 1790, and 
took them to JIaiden Creek, Berks County, for a blacksmith to try. In 
1810, Mr. Tomlinson erected a blacksmith-shop, and used Shamokin coal. 

In 1814, Mr. Thompson, who, then a boy of fifteen years, mined a two- 
horse load of coal out of the Quaker Run, hauled it to Sunbury, a distance 
of twenty-five miles, and sold it to a shoemaker for five dollars. He used it 
for his house. Parties before had purchased Wilkesbarre coal. This was 
the first Shamokin coal that ever went to market. 

Farmers at the upper end of Irish Valley frequently picked up black 
stones in the creek, and finally traced the place they came from at Shamokin. 
For some years previously, farmers came here occasionally and got some 
coal, but little was done until Mr, Boyd acquired possession. In 1826, Mr. 
Boyd aud Ziba Bird built a dam in the Shamokin Creek, near Webster 
street, and opened a mine, which for many years was known as Boyd's stone- 
coal quarry. Here they mined several hundred tons of coal out of the bed 
of the creek. Mr. Ziba Bird was the miner, John Runkle wheeled it out, 
assisted by Joseph Bird, Esq., who was then a sinail boy. Casper Reed and 
Samuel Startzel ivere hired to liaul this coal to Danville in wagons, which 
took them several weeks. At Danville it was put in arks, and sent down the 
river to Columbia. This was the first coal sent down the Susquehanna to 
market from the Shamokin region. 

Between 1826 and 1835, the ownership of this tract passed out of Mr. 
Boyd's hands oue or more times. About 1830, it was owned by Jacob Grnaff, 
of Reading, who conceived the idea of laying out a town here, and during 
that year had a portion sur\'eyed for that purpose, but nothing was done 
except cutting out a partial path for the surveyor. About 1834, the prop- 
erty again came into the possession of Mr. Boyd, 

The borough of Shamokin was laid out JIarcli 1st, 1835, by John C. 
Boyd. Joseph Bird, Esq., now of Northumberland, was present at the laying- 
out of the place, and gave the writer the following particulars: "During 
183a-33, Ziba Bird, ray father, was a contractor on the Girard road. In 
the Spring of 1834, he biiilt a saw-raill at Locdst Gap lor Buid Pattei-son, who 
was one of the leading men of that day, Mr. Bird took a contract to saw 
two hundred thousand feet of oak rails tor the Danville aud Pottsville Rail- 
road. He built the saw-mill for eight himdred dollara. He cut, hauled, and 
sawed for one-half, and thas got out his money. During the Si)ring of 1835, 
Mr. Boyd conceived the idea of laying out a town, and, as soon as the 
weather would admit, he had Ziba Bird to come to the present site of the 
town and lay it out. Kimber Cleaver was the engineer. Mr, Cleaver had 
been engaged several years upon the Danville and Pottsville Railroad as an 
engineer, I helped to carry the chain. AVe laid out the part included in 
the Major tract. Remember seeing the roads cut where Graaff had run his 

"On the verj' day they commenced laying out the town, March 1st, Mi-. 
Bird had the frame stuff and lumber tor a house hauled from the saw-mill, 
at Locust Gap, already framed. Alexander Caldwell was one of the team- 



stei^. This wns tlie firet liouse built, and is now a part of Weaver's National 
Hotel. It was a plank house, aud as it had been all prepared at Locust 
Gap, it was soon put up. The huilding had no stone walls, but was set on 
posts. The house was conimeueed on Jlarch 1st, niul was tar enough coni- 
pleted on April 5th, to he used as a dwelling. Mr. Bird then ninved in this 
liouse and iuiniediately commenced another house, which is now the United 
States Hotel. When tlie second building was completed, he movcil into it, 
and then finislied the Weaver house by digging a cellar and putting a wall 
under it. Hots and Rishel were the carpenters." 

No further houses were built until 1837. Durmg July, 1835, Jlr. Joseph 
Snyder, ivho liiid kept a tavern in Rush towughip, moved to Shaniokin and 
opened a hotel iu the second building erected, and remained there until 
August, 1837. 

The following letter, published in a Philadelphia paper of this date, gives 
a good picture of the fii:st days of Shamokin, when Mr. Snyder took charge 
of the first hotel of the town : 

SuAMOKiN P. 0. (PAXixoa), Jiiiy 9th, 1S35. 
" I have just returned from a short ride of six miles to the termination of the 
graded part of the western section of the — allow me to call it ' Girard Railroad' 
— being accompanied by the assistant engineer, Mr. Totteu, to whose polite at- 
tentions I am much indebted tor much of the pleasure of the trip through the 
mouutains. The road from this point (which is on the Shamokin Creek, thirteen 
miles east of Sunhury) passes up the creek, principally through an almost 
uninhabited country — the population at least is very sparse. Some tliree or 
four miles up we come into the Shamokin coal region, by the mines of which 
the country below, as far as Sunbury, is supplied, and fi'om which, when the 
road is completed, large quantities will he sent to the Susc[uehaDna River tor 
exportation. On ai-riving at Mr. Boyd's mines (Shamokin), near the termi- 
nation of the graded part of the road, and amidst the solitary mountaina, we 
were gratified to see a large two-story divelling-house, a large store, barn, 
and other out-houses, erected and nearly completed in a neat and handsome 
■ style. But if our surprise \vas great at observing such buildings, in such 
a place, judge what it must have been when, on our return, we met five or 
six wagons, loaded with furniture, women, children, cats, dogs, and chickens, 
and accompanied by coivs, calves, sheep, and pigs, wending their way, up the 
railroad, to these very buildings, where Daddy inibrmed us he ivas about to 
open a tavern. From whence his guests were to come, I couki not, for the 
til the road should be completed to his plat 
d. The ■ ' " 

ind will be entitled t 

From 1S03, the Cherry family held possession of the lower part of the 
town tor many years, and one of the family built a log-house which stood 
on the site where the brick-house of W, and B. F. Lake now stands. In the 
course of time, this tract came into the possession of McCai'ty, Davis, War- 
ner, and Jordan, who laid it out as a town about 1835, the same time that 
Boyd's part was kid out. It was called Groveville, in honor of Jliss Grove, 
whom Mr. JlcCarty had recently married. The town was laid out under 
the supervision of David Rockefeller, Esq,, of Sunbury, now well advanced 
iu years, and noted as one of the most eminent laud surveyors of the day. 

Mr. Boyd iii-st named his town " Marion," but a town in the west, of 
the same name, tui-uing out badly, the name was abandoned, and that of 
Shamokin substituted. Soon after, the lower ta\va dropped Groveville and 
adopted Shamokin also. But, notwithstanding the place was named Sha- 
mokin, the people did not accept the name for many yeai-s afterwards, 
invariably calling it " Newtown." 

Though the road from Paxinos to Sunbury was opened at the clo>e of 
1835, it did not seem to have much effect on Shamokin, as no houses seem 
to have been erected during 1836. The tract between Paxinos and Shamo- 
kin was not laid, as the chief engineer, Mr. Robinson, suggested no further 
work should be done " until some aceommodatiou shall have been obtained 
for the coal trade at Sunbury. ' The board will probably deem it expedient 
to present an application, on this subject, to tlie next legislature. If an a\> 
propriation shoidd be made by that body to efl'ect, at this point, a connection 
with the Pennsylvania Canal, by means of a guard-lock and basin, there can 
scarcely be a doubt that in a short time an active tmde would exist on this 
portion of the railroad." 

During 1837, several houses were erected. The third house built was a 
small, one-story frame school-house, on Dewart street The fourth house 
was a small frame-kitchen, located where Mr. Bittentender's brick residence 
now stands. It was occupied by S. S. Bird, Esq. The fifth house put up 
was that of Joseph Bird, on the north-east corner of Shaniokin and Com- 
merce streets, on tlie ground now occupied by May's three-story block. The 
Bird house was afterwards moved up Commerce street, and a part of it is 
now occupied by Mr. AVilliani Rpte, as a meat-market. The next house 
erected was by Mr. Benjamin McClow, on Commerce street. During 1838, 

Houseivorth & John erected a store-building, on Shamokin street, on ground 
now occupied by Morganroth &■ Co.'s store-building, Willianj Fegely built 
a residence on Sunbury street, and soon after erected a store-house on Shamo- 
kin street. 

Abin John, *vho taught school the previous winter, tlie first in ^Shamokin, 
in the Spring built the frame-house on Sunbury street, now occupied by John 
Philips, as u hardware-store. Quite a number of houses were put up on 
Sunbuiy street, this year. David Faux put up a frame-building where Mr. 
Marshall's brick residence now stands. About 1850-53, it was occupied by 
a Mr. Sminkey, who kept a saloon, the first in Shamokin. The foundrj', 
machine-shop and carpenter-shop were erected this year, by Boyd & Bird. 
S. S. Bird was the contractor of these and many other houses. The i-ailroad 
company built their ofHce this year, which was on the corner of Shamokin 
and Independence streets, and is now a part of Temmer's saloon, A small 
house was put up on site of D. S. Miller's residence, and another building, 
now occupied by J, P. Eisenhart. George Kreeger put a house on corner of 
Sunbury and Pearl streets, which has since been remodeled and is now 
occupied by R. A. Ammermau, Daniel Kreeger built a house on the corner 
of Commerce and Pearl streets, now occupied by his family, Boyd & Bird 
put a row of houses on Commerce street ; Yoxtheimer built a store-house in 
the lower to^vn, now occupied by Mr, J, P, Fincher, and the late Jacob Mowry 
built his residence on Market street. All the houses at the furnace, except 
the lower row, were put up this year, aud a row was put up on Rock sti-eet by 
S. S. Bird, now occupied by William Owen, Sr. 

In August, 1837, Mr. Kram took charge of the hotel. From 1S36 to 
1838, coal was hauled in wagons from the mines, at Shamokin, to Paxinos, 
where it was unloaded in shutes, dumped in cars and hauled by hoi'se- 
power to Sunhury, for the local trade. This coal was mined from the flat- 
vein. In August, 1838, the milroad was completed from Paxinos to Sha- 
mokin. AVhen this great work was completed, a great meeting was held at 
Shamokin, in commemoration of the event. A dinner was prepared for 
the occasion, iu the foundry-building just erected, Mr. Kram, of the hotel, 
was the caterer, and no doubt the tables groaned with the luxuries of the 
season. Speeches were made by Mr. Bellas and others, portraying, in glomng 
coloi-s, the future coal trade of Shamokin and the great prospects of its be- 
coming a great centre of trade. The locomotive, the first one on the road, 
was the "North Star," built by Eastwick & Hai-rison, of Philadelphia, Mr. 
Eastwiek acting as engineer on the occasion. The locomotive was a small 
one, and had been shipped in parts to Sunhury by canal, where it was un- 
loaded and put together by iVIr. Eastwick. 

During 1838, coal was mined at the following places: At the Gap on the 
east side by Yoxtheimer; on the west side by Purdy & Co,, at Buck Ridge, 
at the furnace, and the flat-vein back of Rock street. 

During 1839, the times were most excellent. A number of mines were 
opened; several lateral roads were graded, and one or two laid with rails; a 
large number of houses were built, and there was a great demand for labor. 
Lots came into demand, and numbers of pei-sons came bei-e and purchased 
lots for speculation, A new market was erected tor the farnu-rs nf adjoining 
townships, and the wcalled "Newtown" was the risujg liiwn ^i' the day. 
Additions were madu to the United States Hotel and Wwiver's ILitL-l, and 
Daniel Evert erected a brick-house, the first of this material in Shamokin. 
It is now occupied by his son, Williain W. Evert, Esq. Boyd & Bird started 
up the foundry, making car-wheels and hollow-ware, John Bent was the 

During 1840, the town continued to flourish, but a change was evidently 
approaching. The improvements made and capital expended exceeded the 
requirements of that day, and a reverse was sure to follow as certainly as 
in case of the Northern Pacific Railroad, But at this tune, the indications 
to the people of the town aud neighborhood seemetl favorable still, and its 
progress for the past few years was looked upon as marvelous. 

The Sitiiburij American of September 12th, 1840, in speaking of the town, 
says, "The Shamokin coal region, connected with Sunbury by a railroad 
twenty miles in length, which, a few years ajru, Wiis a solitary wdd, un- 
trodden by the foot of man, save the sr.lilary luinti-r in pursuit of game. 
is now teeming with a busy aud industrious i"i|)oLition. The town ot Sha- 
mokin, located in the coal region, in a narrow valley, contains about one 
hundred houses. It has sprung up as if by magic. These improvenieuts 
which are but a commencement of a series of ivorks upon a large scale now 
in progress, recent as they are, have already given a new life and impetus 
to this section of our County," 

The same paper, in an editorial on Shamokin, of September 19th, 1840, 
states that, " We have been informed that this fliourisliing town, according 


to the late ceasuB, nli-eady imiiibers about five hundred inhabitants. Tliiee 
years ago, the site of the towu was a perfect wilderness. We distinctly re- 
member, two or three years ago, wlieu Coal towusliij) was ei'ected, an ob- 
jection iviis made Hint it contained hit Hcventeen voters. It will now poll 
about two huinh-ed votes. 

" Notwithstaiidiug the pressure of the times, the town still continues to im- 
prove. Two anthracite iumucK are now under way, jmil will be ready for 
blast uext Spring. With au abundance of coal and iron, in, under and sur- 
rounding tlie town, it must soon become a jilace of importauce." 

As before tate(||tl 
d th n a gre^t meei 
l^onot anlp 
e ro d (y I t 

t r-on H 1 B 11 

•a Irnad to SI an okin as completed in August 1838 

g a. 1 el 1 at th pla e to tnes. the first tnp of 

It r u t ^ ] V u ber of tl e fnends of 

I In 1 Tol n C B d Burd 

I I r Vt I 1 ui ntl onple- 

[ I ll I k 1 \ client dinner 

MI ir 1 t u e e -lie to tirt the fiist 

) |u I a Tlua form il opening of the 

I k tl 1 t'-t cro d that 1 ad e er n et 

1 1 M u oncn an Id IJren f on iar and 

h) 1 tl es Ob^embled on the f, o n 1 at an rl 

el tie 

; the 

edonti i 


tl : 

North "■ 

Dn ot PI ladelpi tl Mr E t k l en^ e r 

e 1 tl e S/ ok and M In oy and i te otl er car- 
ij, conthso a AIo t ot tl ej e pi pre-enthad 

ilr d or GUf. e ul 1 n tl Nort! Sta com 
kept at rcsiectt I lista ce > ewing the 

ell a 

ro t) 
e i It eat 


! the ob erved 

d up tl e -"h ill 1 stle that eel oed for tl b 
j 1 e dre tl e le e an 1 elo Ij an d tl e deaf 

1 ted tl e fi t)t passenger tra n for S nbu •>, 

bvEU It ^ H : 
T vo paa-enj^e car^ 

ere atta 1 d to tl c 
never bei re seen 
menced bio in^ t 

Ho 1 o Itl te 
of all observe n 1 e 
firat time alon^ tl e i 
en ng cl ee -s ot the c 

The fi -St locon ot e pla ed on tl e ad a. tl e Nortl Star n 1838 
and a si o t t n c aft r Is tl e 1 tl e Mouuta ne r as added 

I otl be nt bu It at tl e I up t E t k ^ H n PI la lelpl a Tl e 
f 1^1 c t ee CI ries C II 1 I I i \ ll ^( a 1 tl sec nd 

Lc is C arrcLon 1 o 1 1 tl e "\1 Vi I t h onths 

theae enf, ueera left 1 en B nja 1 k I N tl Mar and 

Ceo f,e SI I ll e M u ta I I M I t rm n 1 ft hen 

Mr Si J t k 1 1 r kl 4 CI k atenard. n e I at 

famo 1 r I t i I I II 1 g took tl e one a at d bj M Sh i e 

Dur t, 1 1 1 1 "t- " • t lo on otl e. a le t o ti p pt day 

to Sunt n II 1 {, I alu 1 1 rt I d 1 ar ot al an! br ng ngback 
fi 1 rt^ t hit n 1 1 It rcint 1 tl at {,re t trouble as e\pen 

en e 1 k | ] t 1 t P t Si n k n t Ire juentlj 

h 1 1 I tl t 11 1 L er F n e I t r I m n f rn r fence of drj 
ra 1 t k 1 u] \j Ll (. ul lc tl c 1 a 1 Co I t o ot the 

ra Ir 1 tru turc TI I k 1 t I o 1 t &> and 

fasten i i oiken If. I ' ' I I re p k d down 

trap-r n t anJ-f 1 II 1 I i i [ ul an nch th ck 

lie N r too I I ll u 1 u. a on e^uence ere 

tr 1 Bjitl H tl c tra k H u t t a 1 n u h pit ncc ere lo t n 
]^\ t 1 'I gs •"■' tl e n ore tl r d u sed tl e ise t beca e and 
hu II ll gin-B eret ken H Itl care ere 1 aulcd b 1 r-e-po c 
A b m a., tl n u ed for 1 isse ger tra el called the BlacK Ha k 1 el 
unt 1 nil n a 1 r* fel t be seen t (I e SI an okin Iron \\ orks used 

for tl e t -aye 11a nn 

n fi t ars p t n tl e road ere brou^,! t from G rard s ^\ orks and 1 eld 
about to d one-1 alt tons Soon after a ds Mr B ttcnte der built some 
th 1 1 eld tl ree to b and finall) can: tl at I eld four and one-half tons 

r of the Dan lie and 

eer of the road om 

Thomas Sharpe was the first Superintendent. He is represented to have 
been an able official, but rather passionate. In 1839, he resigned, and went 
to Richmond, Va., to take charge of a road there. He was succeeded by 
Samuel R. Wood, who had previously been AVardcn of the Eastern Peniten- 
tiary. He was a Quaker gentleman, of excellent business cjualities, but 
rather self-willed. He continued as Superintendent until the road failed, iu 
1842, when he was appointed Sequestrator. He acted for the railroad for 
many years. 

i the Master Mechanic. He and Mr. Sharpe spent a 
1 trying to invent a coal-burning engine. 
imgton was one of the fii-st brakesmen and conductors 
The trains were made up by coal from Buck Ridge, 
Shamokin Coal and Iron Company, Yoxtheimer's, Puidy's, and the mines 
at the flat-vein, called the "Sour Krout vem." 

The firet coal operators were Brannigao & Cowan, at Buck Ridge ; Purdy 
& Co. aud Yoxtheimcr, at the Gap ; the Shamokin Coal and Iron Company, 
at the furnace; and AVilliam Fegely, at the flat vein. 

Patrick Riley wa; 
great deal of time h 

William H. Chesj 
on the coal trains. 

The old road that connected Sunbury with Readiug, and which had been 
laid out before the formation of the County, was called by this name. AU 
the emigrants to the Shaniokin Valley aud adjacent parts, from New Jeraey, 
and the lower counties of our State, traveled over this famous route. It was 
the outlet by which the larraei-s hauled their products to the markets of 
Reading and Easton. Mr. Philip Persing, a resident of nur towu, and now 
in his oiic-humhcdih ijear, related to the writer that sixty-six yeai-s ago he 
hauled dried peaches over this road to Easton, and received one dollar and 
fifty cents per bushel. It was then about one week's work to make the round 
ti-ip. He described thesite no^v occupied by Shamokin as a very wild one at that 
time. He said the green briais and laurel along each side of this road about 
Shamokin, formed an almost impassable thicket, and that rabbits, which 
were then very pleutiful, could hnrdlj' penetrate it in places. 

The old road is supposed to have boeu laid out from an Indian trail. In 
many places this old thoroughfare ia still visible. It ran along at the foot of 
the Big Mountain, iu the gap just where the Northern Central Railroad 
entered the town some\vhere near where the stables of the Cameron Colliery 
stand, and conthiuing along the base of the mountain just above the Central 
school-house property, through the property of W. H. Douty, and touched 
Sunbury street at Seibert's corner. The road then ran eastward until Luke 
Fidler ivas reached, it deflected to the right, and nearly opposite the Luke 
Fidler breaker, it crossed Coal Run and ran over to Springfield, aud thence 
along the Sow's Back to the Cut, aud thence towards Mt. Carmel. 

Mr. John Thomson says, the first road from Sunbury to Reading was as 
nearly straight as possible, running over hills and through ravines, having 
only regard to directness. In the course of time the road was improved ; 
abrupt hills were wound around, and instead of going straight up Sunbury 
street, the road curved around by Benjamin McClow's house. The Reading 
road ran to Paxinos and thence to Snufftown, along the farms of David 
Miller and Solomon Fegely, to Sunbury. At Paxinos, a tavern was kept as 
far back as 1800, by a man from New Jersey, by the name of Zeit«mith, 
\vhich was a famous stopping-place lor emigrants in those early days. After 
the Centre turnpike was opened, a great deal of travel that heretofore had 
gone over the old road, was directed to tlic new and better route. 

The stages ran along the road before the turnpike was nutde. 

It is not at all likely that any party of Indians ever made a settlement in 
our vicinity, though the Delaware^ occupied this part of the country. No 
relics or implements of the red man, as dart-heads, beads, etc., have ever been 
found around here, which may be regarded as good evideuce of their having 
no permanent settlement in our parts. But several of their paths passed 
through here. The old Reading road, the fii-sL highway through this part 
of the County, is said to originate fWim an Indian trail. 

Another path passed through the WL-stern part of tlie Shamokin cemetei-y, 
and over the high top of the point named Shii^kulumy Point, to Tulpehoeken, 
and thence to Philadelphia. Mr. Jacub Miiiiry iTifornufl the writer that 
he bad freq^ueutly noticed this path. It is im-iv ilian lik.'ly lliat. in his fre- 
quent conferences with Pcnn, Shickelcmii hiivi Ini iLi- i.nnv. aud IVoiii the 
eminence named after him, took a survey •'[ iln- wild inLinliy then, which 
now comprises the Shamokin Coal Basin. Liule did ilii.i uoble chief dream 
that the howling wilderness, that lay spread before him, would some day in 



the future be bqilt up h busy mmiDg town, wliose suburbs would be studded 
with collieries miuiug millions of tons of coal ; little did tliis Cayuga Sachem 
suppose tliat a village would spi-ing up here to take the name of liia 
beloved home, on the banks of the Susquehanna. 

'^eve^al settlements had been made along the old Readmg luad piior to 
the RG\olutioQ 

The Cheins were the first aettlers m the Shaniokm leyon t\\Q\ ha\ing 
come here «hde Pcnusjlvauia Ha a(oljn> ft drtnt BriLim Thc^c Mith 
othoi eettlei-s were cha«ed a\\a-\ sc\era! tniit-^ bj tin. lurlians It ^•^ itl ittd 
that the old man Cheriy, on one oti asion whm bcmg ulih^cd t j '•llL '•liLltcr 
at Tort Augubtn tiul the bed tlothmg on hia luh aud lied The hiot Clieny 
li^ed at the houae mm kuoiin -ih Lich ^ He clcaied jff a taim at Luke 
Fidlei another at Spiiugheld and =eieral othcis Thcic wcie K\cial sons. 
Que Joseph Cheir) lettkd on the flat neai « tlic Shamokui brLWcry 
now stands The stones ot the chmine^ aud touudatioa ma\ stdl be seen. 
Another one settled on the hill east of Shamokin, and put up a distillery. 

A man by the name of Dnnkelberger put up a log-house on the spot now 
occupied by the brick-house of B. F. Lake. This was the first liouae in the 
present limits of tlie boi'oiigli. 

Gotlieb Goss took up Iwn (niuts of land between the Big and Little Moun- 
tains, the nue tract taking in Ihf puor-liout^e favni, J. Zimmerman's farm, and 
Unionto\ni and the hrexvery, aud the rjtlicr the Brush Valley tract. Im- 
provements were made ou them, and they were occupied by his hvo sons, 
Martiu aud George Goss. Towards Bear Valley, settlements were made by 
a man named Maury, aud others. 

Shaniokin has ever been noted as a patriotic town, and from its com- 
mencement duly observed the auniven-ary of Indepeudence. It will not be out 
of place to mention a few of tlie celebrations in the early days of our town. 

The fii-st celebration was held at the hotel of Dr. Robert Philips, on July 
4th, 1839. About a year previous. Dr. Philips, who reprcjwnted the iutcrests 
of Purdy &, Co., at their mines, built a hotel aud office, and what is uow 
known as the Philips' tract, opposite the Cameron Colliery. The hotel stood 
ou a pleasant, gi'eeu tract, ainng the public road iu the Gap, and was a noted 
place in those days. Tlic doctor was a very sociable man, and was a great 
lavorite with the peo[dc wlio came to Shamokin. Here our citizens met in 
1839, aud duly observed the day with speeches, toasts, etc. James Porter, 
who built and resided in the house uow occupied by Jacob Bades, made a 
cannon out of a gum tree, which answered every ])urpose. The next year 
the second celebratiou was held at the same place. 

The third celebration was held in 1842, at the house of Franklin A. Clark, 
who kept a public house ou the cornei- of Suubury and Washington streets, 
afterwards the "Douty House," burnt down in 1872. The Shamokin Grays 
were present, aud a unndiei- of military men from other parts of the County. 

The following wei-e the officei-s : President, Chas, Derring; Vice Presidents, 
Captain W. H. Kaae and John Boughner ; Secretarj-, Emanuel Zimmerman. 

Afler the reading of the Declaration of Independeuce by the secretary, 
numerous toasts were read, a few of which are giveu : 

By Chas. Derring — " The heroes of the Revolution — May their memory 
be indelibly stamped ou the hearts of the Auieiicau people," Three cheers. 

By Capt. W. H. Kase — "Col. Richard M. Johnson, the next President of 
the United States." Three cheers and three guua. 

By John Eoughuer — "The heroes of the War of 1812 — May their pos- 
terity follow their example as patriots and soldiers." Thi-ee cheers and 
three guns. 

By Emanuel Zimmerman — "The Day we celebrate." Three cheers and 
three guns. 

By Heni-y Bud — " Anthony Wayne, the farmer's sou of Chester County — 
May our legislative halls he well supplied with men of his stamp, aud our 
armies with hearts like his." Three cheers. 

By Joseph Bird — " Henry Clay, the next President of the United States." 
Three cheers. 

By Joseph Allison, Jr. — " Peace and prosperity." 

By E, Zimmerman — " May Democrats once moi-e reign, briug hard eur- 
rsucy up with BucJmnan, and down with the banks. May the echo Demo- 
cracy sound throughout the Uuited States." Three cheei-s and three guns. 

By Captain William H. Kase — "Shamokin towu — May peace aud har- 
mony reign throughout the place, and business of all kinds prosper under 
the hands of the people." Three cheers. 

By Pemherton Bird — " May the next anniversary of our Independence 

be celebrated without the use of alcohol." Three cheers. 

By E. Zimmerman— "The framcrs of the Declaration of Independence- 
May their names bo held sacred by the American people, aud their fame be 
handed down to posterity, till time shall be uo more." Three cheers and 
four guns. 

By Bcnjamui McClow — "The opposers of Temperance — May they see the 
errors of their ways, and join in the temperance army heart and hand." 
Three cheers and six gims. 

By F. A. Clark — " The Shamokin Grays — May they ever be ready to pro- 
tect their rights." Six guns and six cheers. 

By Joseph Bird — "Here is to the Temperance cause;^oping the time is 
not far distant when the glorious day of Independence may be celebrated 
witli the use of cold water." Thi-ee clieers and four guns. 

By Dr. Philips—" Washington— First in war, first in peace, and first in 
the hearts of his countrymen." Tliree cheers and four guns. 

By Patrick Loncton — "The fair sex; the life of mankind." Three 

By E. Zimmerman — " David R. Porter — He has been weighed, and found 
not Avanting," Four cheers and four guns. 

By J. Coweu— " May the Eagle of Liberty never lose a feather." Three 

By John Eisely — " The Tutor who taught General Washington the alpha- 
bet between his knees, when five yeni-s old — He rests in peace." Three 

By the Company — " May peace and jtrospcrity attend the host and 

Almost every year, since this date, the Fourth has been properly cele- 
brated by tlie citizens of Shamokin. 

This corporation deserves a passing notice, as much of the earlier pros- 
perity of Shamokin, to 1842, was owing to the improvements started up under 

This company was incorporated in June, 1836, but in November, 1839, the 
whole of the stock being taken, arrangements were made to mine and trans- 
port coal. Several drills were opened opposite the Furnace, and a lateral 
road put in to connect with the Danville and Pottsville Railroad. They 
commenced sJiipping coal in 1S39. They owned fourteen thousand acxes of 
coal and iron land; seven hundred and fitly of which were in Columbia 
County, the balance near Sbamokiu. Scvcnd of the stockholders obtained 
a charter iu March, 1840, for the manufacture of iron. Tliey at once pro- 
ceeded to purcha-e the necessary machinery tor the erection of two furnaces. 
Up to July 1st, 1841, they had shipped three thousand tons of coal, mining 
about t\vo hundred tons a day during the shipping season. Opposite these 
drifts they put up a large anthracite furnace, one of the first of the kind 
erected iu the County. 

The following description of the furnace is taken from the North Asnerican 
of 1842: 

" This i'urnace, erected on the property of the company, at the ^-illage of Sha- 
mokin, is now iu full blast, under the charge of William Primstone, turning 
out pig metal of the very best quality. The machinery performs admirably. 
The forest has giveu place to the march of civilization, and the wildemeS 
has been made to Idossom as the rose. The village of Shamokin now con- 
tains more than six hundred inhabitants, nearly three hundred of whom are 
scholars in the Simday-school, and it is destined, at no distant period, to be- 
come a large and flourisliing towu. Few places possess greater advantages 
for prosecuting tlie coal and iron business. The furnauce is thirty-eight feet 
square, bore built up eleven feet plumb, then battered two-and-one-half 
inches to the foot to the top of the stack, which is forty-seven and one-half 
feet high from the commencement of the base. Foundation under the whole, 
five feet deep and forty-two feet square. Engines, one hundred aud eighty 
horse-power. Ten boilers, each thirty feet long, and thirty inches diameter. 
Engine-house, sixty by thirty feet. Boiler-house, sixty by forty-five feet. 
Boiler-stack, seventy feet high. Casting-house, forty-five by Ibrty-eight 

On May 24th, 1842, a fire broke out, buruiug down the casting-house, and 
part of the boiler-house, and hoisting apparatus. The furnace blew out a 
few weeks afterwards. A short time allcr the buruiug, the company failed, 
and Benjamin H. Yarnall, of Pliiladelphia, was appointed asigncc. Several 
parties afterwards attempted to run the fiirnace, but were unsuccessful, and 
in 1845 it was sold at sheriff's sale. For several years it remained idle, but 


nas started up again about 1855, niul cootinued i-unniiig with varied success 
uuder diflerent inanaEements until 1872, when it wns fiuiilly blown out. The 
fiirnafe aud stack are still staudiug. 


During this period, Shnniokiu passed through laucli vicissitude, and reached 
a very low ebb in her prosperity. The turnace burnt down ; the Danville 
and Potlsville Eailroad Company failed, and appointed Samuel E. Wood, 
Sequestrator. The rolling stock was sold at sheriff's sale. AVilliam and 
Reuben Fegely, who had been engaged in putting in a turuing-table, and some 
lateral roads, and M making some of the principal repairs, were familiar with 
the workings of the road, and were on terms of intimacy with some of the 
principal officers. They had come to Shamokin iu 1838, and in 1839 erected 
the store-house now occupied by them, and commenced store-keeping. In 
1841, they commenced coal busiuesa, by opening the " tape vein," in the Gap, 
and putting up the improvemeuts. At this time, Purdy & Jordan operated 
on the west side, and Yoxtheimei- & Snyder ou the east side. The Fegelys 
soon became possessed of these openings, also. 

In 1842, when the railroad failed, aod the engines were taken off, on 
account of its dilapidated condition, William and Reuben F^ly took 
charge of the road, jiut it in repair, aud hauled coal to Sunbury by horse- 
power, which they continued until 1852. 

Diiriug this lime, the Fcgely's carried on nearly all the business of the 
tnnii. T}]i V iiiiiii.d :nj<l slii].iiL-il all tlie coal; they bought and sold tbeprin- 

cip:il jiiiii ..r liji i: I-- ; ilii'V runiished all the provisions, and g;ive all the 

(.-]ii|il>.viii.hi I., I;iliiii-, Durin- the shijipiug season, the men worked at the 
iiiini.-, "V liiiuliii [Ik- i";iI oiiiiiii to f-unbury; while during the winter months 
they were neut in the ivoods to prejiare material for tlic railroad, or else work 
ou the repaii-3. Taxes aud all debts were paid by orders ou their store, and 
even the salaries of preachers aud teachers were paid iu this niauuer. Not 
a marriage or funeral could take place, nut a visit to another toini could be 
made, without consent of "Uncle William." Child-birth was said to be the 
only condition of humanity uot under their control. Candidates for office 
merely consulted with AVillianiand Reuben, and if they consented, the vote 
of the town was secured; and it is said sermons were shaped to meet their 
approval. At this time tiieir power over the inhabitants was as great as the 
Emperor of Russia exercises over liis subjects. If a laborer did wrong, he 
was sent to "Goss Hill," to work nn a farm, picking stones, until his offence 

t be & 

over the jwople, they usi'ii il i\«i i,Un-:,-i\,.'r \\.y ih.ii- ..wn ;iiiv;iriiage. Theu" 
people were always well sii[.|ilii.'il willi pr.ivisinns; tlnTi- wi-re no paupers, 
and in case of sickness, through the kiniiness of •'Aunt Kitty," no one was 
allowed to want for what could be procured lor their relief. Yes, years 
hence, when the selfish acts of men, that were noised abroad with great eclaf, 
mil be forgotten, the kiud deeds of this good Samaritan towards the sick and 
dying will live green in the remembrance of many a relieved one, aud the 
name of "Auut Kitty" will he called blessed. 

During this period, all that had money had moved away, while those who' 
were too poor to leave, worked for the Fegelys. A few of the inventive 
kind flooded the country with patcnt-riglita, such as new stoves, new plows, 
new scales, ciothes-machiues, i)atcnt medicines, etc. Nearly every county 
in the State was favored with some sijecjmen of Shamokin iugenuity. 

A large number of the persons who moved away went to Schuylkill 
County, where they remained until business revived, wheu they returned, 
experienced in the working of coal. At this time, all the coal mined was 
hauled to Sunbury by horse-power, and during the shipping season, about 
one hundred horsi-s were used lor this purpose. It required two days for 
the round trip. Fmni fimr to live horses were required to take a train of 
ten cars. The cual was sold at Sunbury, or to the towns along the Susque- 
hanna, and most generally exchanged for store-goods and provisions, which 
were brought back by the returning trains. 

But this state of aflairs could not last forever. The spirit of progress and 
speculatiou was abroad, and soou the old inhabitants of Shamokin were to 
have their dreams broken by the restless spirit of enterprise, armed with_ 
capital and labor. Railroads were to be graded and laid with an iron rail, 
collieries were to he established with coal-breakers, business ^vas to be con- 
ducted ou the cash system, and a general revolution take place in theniethod_ 
of transacting aflairs. But for many years afterwards, there were those who 
occasionally sighed for the return of the old times, when Uncle William and 
Uncle Eeubon ruled the destinies of Shamokin. 


Duj-ing the year 1852, William L. Helfenstein and some capitalists, who 
had previously been develojiiug flio coal interests of the Trevortou region, 
came to Shamokin and commenced iuiprovements on a large scale. They 
had the charter of the Danville aud Pottsviile RaiJi-oad Company, re- 
newed as the Philadelphia and Sunbury Railroad Company, aud eom- 
meuced at oucein grading and putting down au iron track ofT rails. They 
secured a large jiorlion of the coal lands between Trevortou and Mouut Car- 
mel, and proceeded to prove coal veins and open drif^. Professor Rogere 
had just completed his geological survey of the Shamokin coal field, and 
had made many important developments, showing the importance of this 
region, which served to attract the attention of capitalists. 

Numerous coal companies were formed, as the Big JVIountain Improve- 
ment Company, the Carbon Run Improvement Company, the Green Ridge 
Company, etc. William H. Marshall, Esq., who had for some years been 
engaged with Burd Pattei-son, the pioneer in all the great coal aud iron 
enterpiTses in this part of the State, was placed iu charge of the coal lauds. 
He proceeded at once to shaft the coal lands, prove the coal veins, open 
drifts, build breakers, and have laterals graded. He performed an immense 
amount of work, aud was an indispensable agent to those who had invested 
their money here. 

Another important agent iu making all these improvements was Ximber 
Cleaver, the chief engiucer. More extended remarks in reference to him 
will appear elsewhere. 

During 1853, the track between Suubury and Shamokin was relaid with 
iron rails, and, in 1854, was extended to Mount Carmel. Locomotives were 
placed on the road by the uamisi nf " David Lougenecker,"" Thomas Baum- 
gardner," "A. R. Fiske," "Lancaster," "Green Ridge," and "Carbon Run." 
A. R. Fiske, Esq., a moat excellent business man, who bad previously had 
charge of the cotton mills at Laucaster, was the first superintendent, and 
remaiued in such cajjacity for some yeare. 

In 1857, Judge Helfenstein resigned the presidency of the road, and was 
succeeded by James S. Biddle, of Philadelphia. The title of the road was 
changed to the Shamokin Valley and Pottsviile Railroad, by which it was 
known until about 1862, ivlien it was leaSed by the Northern Central Rail- 
way, for ninety-nine years. Under the present control the railroad has proved 
a profitable investment, having a heavy tonnage of coal. 

The balance of the history of Shamokin will be treated under the heads 
of topics. 

One of the old landmarks oi' the fii-st history of Shamokin, was the Old 
Furnace. For the facts connected with this, we are indebted to Mi\ Ephraim 
Mowry, who resided here when the town was started. 

The laud on the west side of the Gap appears to have been held by Solo- 
mon Duukelberger, which, in the course of time, was sold to Henry Myers, 
for five hundred dollai-s. About 1825, Mr. Myera erected a small charcoal 
furnace on Furnace Run, the site of which might' be detected a few years 
ago. The furnace run on bog ore found in the vicinity, aud charcoal prepared 
on the ground. The ftirnace was located at the ivest cud of Walnut street, 
where it crosses the run. It was iu operation for some time, but was sus- 
pended on account of the difficulty iu obtaining limestone. 

About this time, considerable quantities of iron ore were hauled to the 
furnace at Catawissa. So Shamokin commenced the iron manufacture at an 
early date- 
Before the war of 1812, Abraham Cherry erected a saw-mill in the Gap, 
just opposite the Cameron breaker, a little below a willow tree yet standing. 
An old dwelling-house stood near by. 

About 1828, Mr. Myers traded this tract to a Mr. Hoots for a farm in 
Union County. Mr. Hoots furnished a large number of rails aud ties from 
this tract for the railroad wheu it was constructed. In 1835, Mr. Hoots dis- 
posed of this land to J. H. Purdy and Lewis Dewart, who made openings 
and mined coal for sometime. 

During 1836, James Porter run this saw-mill. Dr. Robert Philips lived 
close by, practising medicine and acting us agent for some parties. This 
year a saw-mill was built on Coal Run, just above Flagherty's ice-house, 
which was run by Benjamin JIcClo>v, as sawyer. 

The first store in Shamokin was opened by Jehu John & Co.. in what is 
now the bar-room of Weaver's hotel, in 1838. Their assortment was not 


The first SuudHy-scliooI in Slininokiii was organized in 1839, and was 
known as the Shainokin Town Union Sunday-school. It was held in the old 
frame scliool-liouse, in Dewiirt street, until the Centi-al school-house was 
built, when it met there. 

Among the peraona wlio took an active part in its organization, may be 
uiimed S. S, Bird, William Fcgely, Kiniher Cleaver, Jehu John, Samuel 
John, P. Bird, Amos Y. Tliomns, and otliere. Samuel E. Wood took a 
great interest in the school, and eouti'ibuted a numher nf volumes to tlie 
library. A few of these honks are now in the possession cif the writer. The 
^ehool continued to meet in the Central school-house until the miinliLTH were 
too great ibr the room, when the school ivas moved t" the Prehliyterian 
Church, where it eoutioued until 1854, The school, becoming tin) large to 
be well managed, was divided into several denominational ones. 

The firat rcligiuiis ^ervire,^ were held in the old school-house, on Dewart 
stj"eet, in th<.' Siirinj; nf i.s:i7, by a Methodist preacher named Brown, who 
was then on tliis (.■iiniii. lie iirciU'lied an excellent sermon, and had a good 
attendance. Anniiig the jiersims present, was Jolm C, Boyd, the founder of 
the town. At\er this meeting, a prnyer-niecting was formed, and from this 
sprung the M. E. Church of the town. 

On March 20th, 1841, the first temperance meeting was held in the Cen- 
tral school-house. A large number was in attendance. Total abstinence 
was advocated, A large number signed the pledge. The following officers 
were elected : President, Jehu John ; Vice President, P. Bird ; Secretary, 
Dr, W. P. Ireland; Treasurer, iMiltou Kerr, This organization continued 
for several years, and exerted a marked influence. 

The planes ou tlie Girnrd portion of the Danville and Pottsville Railroad 
workiug badly, led to the general abandonment of this road. The people 
of Sluimokiu lelt the great necessity of better outlets for tlieir products, and 
hence made great eflbrts to connect Shamokin with Pottsville. 

To further this purpose, a railroad meeting was held at Shamokin, on 
November 2d, 1843, wliich was largely attended. 

S. S. Bird acted ns chairmau, and Kimher Cleaver sewed as secretary. 

On motion, a committee of five, consisting of Samuel John, Dr, Robert 
Philips, William Fegely, Stephen Bittenbender, and Kimber Cleaver, were 
appointed, who presented the following report: — 

Whereas, a continuous railroad from the city of Philadelphia to the Sus- 
quehanna, at Sunbury, being an improvement in which all the citizens of the 
former place, as well as a great portion of the entire State, are deeply inter- 
ested, inasmuch as it will form the most direct, expeditious and cheapest 
traveling and transportation route between Philadelphia and the iron and coal 
regions, and the lumber aud agricultural districts of northern Pennsylvania ; 
and, in conjunction with the Pennsylvania Ciinal, of the noith aud wtst 
branches of the Susiiuehanna, the WilliauL^port and Elniiia Railroad, aud 
other improvemeuts. tliereby opening a diiect communiration between Phila- 
delphia, western New York and the lakes ; and, ichcreo.\ the Philadelphia 
and Reading Railroad is now completed to Pottsville, aud from Schuylkill 
Haven (on the line of the last-named road), the Jline Hill Railioad extend- 
ing to Minersville; also the western division of the Danville aud Pottsville 
Railroad, extending from Sunbury to Shamokin, a distance of twenty miles, 
leaving a ehaam of but twenty-five miles, from Shamokin to Minersville, or 
Pottsville, of wliich there is a probability a road might he constructed 
without any inclined planes, and of a grade travei-sable by locomotives; 

Resolved, that a committee be appointed to collect a suiBeient sum of 
money to dciiay the expenses of making an experimeutftl survey, from 
Shamokin to Pottsville, or Minersville, so as to avoid the incline planes; 
and that ^aid committee .sliall have power to employ an engineer as soon as 
a suffieieut sum i-, sub-eribcil and paid. 

For this puriio^e, the following committee was appointed: Dr. Robert 
Philips, Thomas Postley, AVilliam Fegely, Dr. John K. Robins, and lion. 
Charles G. Donuell. 

The action of this meeting met the approval of all parties interested in 
the Shamokin coal regions. The money was subscribed, and Kimber Cleaver 
was appointed the engineer. He was assisted by Samuel John, Peter Bough- 
ner, and some others, in the work. 

Soon after commencing the work, Jlr. Cleaver writes to the Sunbury Ameri- 

KOHs's Tavers, Jantinrj 17th, 1844, 
■ H. B. Masbeh, Esq, 

"Sear Sir: — I have been engaged for several days, \vith the assistance of 
Samuel John, in making an experimental sur\-ey for the contemplated rail- 
road from Shamokin to Pottsville. We confidently believe we will be able 
to cross the Broad Mountain, by means of a small tunnel at a level little 
higher than the Locust Gap Summit, which is two hundred and forty-five 
feet lower than Mahanoy Plane. Owing, as yet, to the unfortunate state of 
the weather, we have hceu considerably retarded in our progress, and have 
not made a satisfactory exploration of the south descent of the Bi-oad^ 
Mountain, consequently cnuuot determine at what point of the railroad of 

the Schuvlkill region will he ii 

ji table t 

1 CLE 

During July, 1844, he completed this survey, and made an exhaustive re- 
port, clearly showing the practicability of the route, giving distances, streams, 
mountains, aud all facts connected with the construction of the work. But 
the work was in advance of the tunes, and it was reserved for the Rendmg 
Railroad, twenty-five years later, to avail themselves of a route ao clearly 
pointed out by this survey. 

On September 29th, 1845, a large meeting was held at Sbamokm, to send 
delegates to the railroad convention, to he held at Danville, on October 29th. 

S. S. Bird presided; William Fegely and F. A. Clark assisted; and 
Samuel John acted as secretary. 

On motion, Sanuiel John addressed the meeting, showing the great advan- 
tages that would arise from a direct route from Philadelphia to Erie, and 
that from the nature of the country, this route would pass through Slmmokin. 

The following delegates were appointed: Sanmel John, Joseph Bird, 
Dainel Evert, S. Bittenbender, and Joseph Snyder, the first inn-keeper. 

The convention was held, but no decided results arose irom the meeting. 

The fii-st fire in Shamokin occurred at the Shamokin furnace, in May, 
1842, burning down the casting-house and other adjacent buildings. 

No further fires of any account occurred until May 4th, l.HHii, wlim a very 
destructive one took place. This lire broke out in ;i Ininu-Kiiililini;, '"■en- 
pied by Val. Fngely ibr a store, about two o'clock in thr louiiiuit.'. ami ;oon 
communicated to the adjacent buildings. For a short liiue, the town seemed 
in danger of a general conflagration. The Northern <_Vntral Railway office, 
with all its furniture and valuable papers was dft-troyed, aud some five 
or sue houses were consumed. The loss was estimated at thirty thousand 
dollars, covered by about thirteen thousand dollars insurance. 

The next fii-e occurred in August, 1867, when it broke out at night, in the 
photograph rooms of C. L. Raker, on Shamokin street, uearly on the same 
site where the previous fire commenced. Buckets were freely used; a small 
fire-engine, recently purchased by some citizens, was cHeutively worked by 
the Liberty Hose Company, and the fire was put out atier several buildings 
were burned. The water was from the basin of Mr. Bittenbender. 

The "great fire," which took place April 15th, 1872, originated in the 
" Douty House," then kept by iMr. Reese. The "Douty House" and tweuty- 
four other huildiugs were destroyed, and at one time it seemed that if the 
entire town might be burned down. Loss, fiftj- thousand dollars; covered 
by twenty-live thousand dollars msui'ance. 

The last fire of any note occurred at midnight, on July 4th, 1875. It 
broke out in a notion-store, kept by W. L. Clark & Co,, on Independence 
street. Ten buildings were destroyed, making a loss of fifty thousand dol- 
lar ; covered by about twenty thousand dollai-s insurance- Several incen- 
diary fires occurred in this locality a few weeks after this, but resulted in no 
great loss. 

1 ad 1 

1 1 

11 (1 11 1 1 

q t n t tl t day II I ^n tl p n 

SI ak 1^ t tl t II 1 I I PI Ip J nea Pot 

J nis St nc J sepl B d I J i V \ TI n a. Ca i. Ma 

J I u John au I Epliraini Mo r\ This lul ont nu 1 fo j ej 


During llic Winter of 18o5-'56, Frankliu B. Gowen, who ivas then book- 
keeper at the Shamokiii fiimaee ; A. R. Fiske, Heiiry Loiigenccker, Dr. G. 
S. Robins. Captain Heiiry Van Go-skeii, the writer, and othei-s, estnblished a 
Semite, whieh met weekly in llie Odd Feil6ws' Hall. It was conducted on 
the rules observeil by the United States Senate, but probably lacked some in 
the Roman digiiily nminluiiied by tlie latter body. Mr. Gowen represented 
South Carolina, and was as troublesome lu his peculiar views, as John C. 
Calhoun was in his days of niillilication. 

Captain Van Go.-ken aelud for Utah, and was importunate in advoeatiug 
the peculiar ,h,clni„- of that territory. Kimber Cleaver was for New Jersey, 
and tost no cii>pi)r[nnity tu bring forward bills in the interest of the "Native 
American" party. A. K. Fiske represented the old Bay State in many a 
loDg speech upon the floor. W. P. Withington had the honor to speak lor 
Pennsylvan a and the old hall rang tl h eloq en e The Senate on 
tmued n existence about one jea 1 en t as sup r^ed d by tl e 

This soc ety as eatablisLe 1 m 1857 and cont nued ] 
e e or e t,1 1 ar- It a orpornted by tl e Count Court and nu n 
be ed an t 1 tl 1 d ng c t zen of th t n The meet ngs 

Tve e I 1 1 II 1 II Hall h 1 h I I htt d u] e p &vh 

fo tl IS ) u 1 II tin d ng»- 1 tu e* and du us- 

u V ! I I 11 f tl h t 1 1 ol 


II II t) M I I W I I H 1 Inal 1 g 

11 II lilt III 1 I I 1 tl rent 

11 t. 1 I 111 I t tl p 1 a n u als 

f tl 1 1 t Tl t\ u lu I t ) nt eating dis- 

US3 on ubj titlat 1 et e tl | bl at tl at t n anl rted no 

1 ttl nflueu n ouldiug p n on nd ult at n a 1 t a j ta^te The 
60 t) nt nu 1 t p I and li 1 oke 1 uj n b) tl e t n f tl e 
to n a. n olj t 1 I 1 tl j I a 1 ju t ciso to be p o d 1 nt du ug 
tl la t \ f tl I t (1 Rel II on att a ted tl att at n of the 

1 pi tl at tl L) u us lio ed t pats a a) S e al H L e 
made t e tl o tj but tl ey e e unsu C'^ful d otl e 1 1€ a j 

clubs h b n started but tl ej soon ceased to be 

Dur ng tl e Vutumn f IS 3 a n mbe ot g ntl n n ot Shan ok n m 
togetl er and io da t f tl I n n a d ] u I a hart f 

tl same Fo t o ^\ t a.o la tl \ a J I gl u f 1 tu 

but not 1 mg fuUj susta n d b tl e pul 1 tl e I b -en d g tl i 


Thb finely-drilled and well-uniformed company, which now ranks as cue 
of the best disciplined and most throughly drilled companies in the State, 
was organized at Shamokin, April 30th, 1870. The first officers were: 
Captain, Alexander Caldwell ; 1st Lieutenant, James May; 2d Lieutenaut, 
James A. Shipp. 

The company was composed entirely of veterans, who had seen and done 
full service with Grant and Sherman, and who had a proud military record 
for reference. 

Several changes in the officers occurred. Captain Caldwell, having been 
appointed Lieutcnnnt'Colonei and Inspecting Officer, on the staff of Major- 
General McCorniir-k, '-ommanding Eighth Division of National Guard -of 
Pennsylvania, Kii-uiciiaut May \v:ls made Captain; Lieutenant Shipp, let 
Lieuteniuii; nml t ',,r|ii>i;il .Inhn A. Weaver, 2d Lieutenant. 

When tl]L' .livi.-ioii^' runsolidated, LieuteuantrColonel Caldwell was 
elected Colonel of the Seventh Regiment; Captain James May was made 
Major, on the staff of Major-General Seigfried. The present officers are: 
Captain, James A. Shipp; 1st Lieutenant, John A. Weaver; 2d Lieutenant, 
P. H. Haly. 

The company now nundiers fifly-six men, rank and file. They have se- 
cured eight lots, upon which they design ereding an annoi y, iilil> liiiudred 
and twenty by fifty-five leet, and 

drill e 

e the 

t ibii 


Tliey nere the escort of liouor at Govei-no Gea j s f ue a I ey took an 
active and prompt part in the suppression of e at 1\ I a u po and 

Sheuandoah; while at Camp Anthony AVa) e o J Ij 

the leading papere as one of the finest compa e. Co u 

Their position, now. is Company B, Seven I R „ Na n Cn 1 

under Colonel Caldwell. 

Thb fine company was organized June 10th, 1870. It is mainly composed 
of veterans, who have seen service on many a hard-ibught battle field. The 
first officers were as follows: Captain, F. D. Strnusei-; 1st Lieutenant, C, S. 

The company now numbers forty men, rank and file. They are well 
drilled, and present a fine appearance when on parade. 

Several changes occurred in the officere at different tiroes. The present 
officers are: Captain, F. D. Strauser; 2d Lieutentant, J. B. Gettis. 

They did good service at the Shenandoah riots, and were favorably noticed 
at Camp Anthony Wayne. They are now Company D, of the Seventh Regi- 
ment of National Guard. 

The first child born in the town of Shamokin, was John Boyd Snyder, in 
1835. His father, Joseph Snyder, kept the hotel at the time. In honor of 
the event, John C. Boyd presented the firstling with n valuable town lot. 

The fii-st marriage occurred in 1838; Joseph Bii-d, one of the pioneers of 
the town, married Rebecca, a daughter of Jacob Kram, who succeeded Mr. 
Snyder at the hotel this year. The bride was presented with a corner lot by 
Mr. Boyd. 

William Fegely was the first postrmaster of the town. It was established 
about 1839, and was kept in the store-room. It was fii-st called Coal Posfr 
office, as the one at Paxinos was called Shamokin. When the latter was 
named Paxinos after a celebrated Indian chief, Coal was changed to Shamo- 
kin. The mail for some yeai-s was brought here two or three times a week, 
and the matter consisted of a few Suiibnry pnpei-s and an occasional letter. 

The first express office was opened July, 1861, at the post-office which was 
then kept in the basement of Bitteuhender's Building, by F. P. Stamhach, 
■who was then post-master. The business was very small for some years. 

Tliis company lias quite a record since il3 organization, but space will 
merely permit of iinmiog a few of theii- achievements ; 

The first news-office was opened by F. P. Stambach, shortly after the 
breaking out of the Rebellion to supply a growing want. A large number 
had sent one or more members of their families to the war, and were anxious 
to obtain the news daily concerning the progress of the war and the particu- 
lars of each battle fought. Bird & John, in 1856, had kept i 
sale at their drug-store. 


The Shamokin Bank, now Northumberland County National Bank, was 
established in 1857, but not fully organized until 1858. Particulars given 

Shortly after the organization of the Shamokin Bank, W. P. Withington 
was appointed Notary Public, He held his office until 1861, when he was 
succeeded by F. S. Haas and John Dunkleberger. 

Dr. Wm. J. Haas, now of JloUnt Carmel, started the firat drug-store, in 
the building now occupied by Win. H, Moore as a residence, on Sunburj' 
street, about 1853. His stock was small. 

The first place erected for public worship, was by the Catholics, in 183fl, 
through the efforts of Riley, Bi-annigan and some others. Stephen Bitten- 
bender was the builder. 



i,-: i 

Res. of J. B. LEINBACH, Lewis Tp., fit 


In 1862, Diimel Evert stiirts a soap factory. 

About 1864, Daniel Evert nncl Paul Amniermnn start a tan-yard. 

The first brick made here was by George Swenk, in 1839, at Springfield. 

In 1857, a charter was procured to coustruct a canal, between Shamokiu 
and Sunbury. Its advocates contended tlint every ton of coal brought 
enough water with it, to float it to iirarket. It is needless to say the work 

The firet ease of explosion by fire-damp in this section, occurred "in the 
slope of D. Webster's colliery, December 28th, 1865. One man killed, and 
two badly burned. 

Justice of thii Peace, S. S. Bird ; Coustable, Samuel Eisenliart; Super^'is 
David Thomson. 


' William Fegely, 819,471 

William H. Marshall, 1-5,785 

John B. Duuty, 6,000 

W. P. Withington, 3,121 

Val. Fegely, 2,445 

A. R. Fiske, 2,548 

S. Bittenbender 1,941 

George W. Snyder, 1,670 

H. Van Gosken, 1,490 

Daniel Weaver 1,350 

During the Autumn of 1855, a deer ran through some of the principal 
streets of the town. It ran over the porch of the United States Hotel, and 
thence up Commerce street, and the Moiiut Carmel road. , It was shot a 
short distftnce out of town. 

I engaged in digging the foundation of the 
15 found, an old pistol, and some ten dollars 

in silver. The skeleton was supposed to be that of a pedlar from Mahaooy, 

who had been missing' for some years. 

Shaniokin Creek v 

V channel, September 20th, 1872. 

During the year 1865, every citizen in Sliamokin Borough, between the 
ages of twenty-one and forty-five, was liable to the following poll taxes : 
Bounty, ten dollars; County, five dollars; Borough, five dollars; total, 
twenty dollai-s. 

Sliamokin was incorporated as a Borough by the Court of Common Pleas 
of Northumberland County, November tfirm, 1864. 

the citiKons had agitated the 
! rL■eideul.^" wb., desired to let 
■ if \H{<'A, ii imniber of articles 

For several yeais. previously, a i 
subject, but were ovemili'ii by .-mnc 
"good enough nloiiu." Duiiii;: (lie 
appeared in the .S/'ni/ny/n/ l!tr-i/il, luul ;i niiirked lutUieiice on public 
opinion. The subjucL wils LLcatnl in a ludicrous light, but still so truthfiilly, 
that every one felt the Ibree of the remarks. Some became offended, but 
most of the people were awakened to new interest, and finally succeeded in 
obtaining a charter. 

A special election for borough officers was lield December 2d, 1864, and 
resulted as fallows: 

Chief Burgee — R. B. Douty. Council — John J. Esher, Daniel Weaver, 
John Dunkelberger, W. H. Gilger, and Henry Van Gosken. Judge of 
Election — Stephen A. Harris. Inspectors — J. W. Young, and R. A. Ani- 

This Council v 

Liid enacted a large number of ordi- 

At the Spring election, the fnllnwin- nlii.'.-i-. n,n- . l,,-i,,i: 

Chief Burgess— R. B. Doutv. D.nil-I W.iiN.r, .b>hn Dunkel- 
berger, Juhu J. Esher, Williniu H. (.il-, r. :,r„l ( ;. 1! < ...I, ,-. Constable- 
Henry Neihoff. School Direct. ii-:^—D. S, Mill,,-. M. Evu<<. I'mihcrton Bird, 
J. J. Jolm, W. K. Erdman, and F. S. Haas. Auditor— F. A. Olavk, and W. 
P. AVithington. Directors of Poor — George W. Rorer and A. A- Heim. 
Assessor — David Fegely. 

The town had so incrfaswi in size and population that, in 1871, it was 
divided into wards, tlic v;i-i iiml wc-t wards, by an act of Legislature, ap- 
proved May lOtli, liS71, <ir;iiit nr Ninth -■street forms the ilivision line. 

Since the formatiuu nl' tlif Imroiigli, (he town has shown a wonde^-ful 
change, Pavenieuls liavc ! put diiwn all along the principal streets; 
streets liave been opened, and put in exceUent repair ; a fire department has 
been created, and all the want-s and interests of a gro^dng town are attended 
to by an attentive chief burgess and an excellent council. 

The present town autliorities are: Chief Burgess — J, H. Zimmerman; 
Assistant Burgess — Joseph Hemiinger ; Coiuicil — ^Azariah Campbell, Galen 
F.Holsher, S. Gottschall,,J. H. Johnston, Daniel Yost, and John Clifford 

The present population of Shamokin is estimated at eight thousand. At 

the censusof 1870, it contained four thousand three hundred and twenty souls, 
showing an increase of about one hundred per cent, in five years. During 
the year 1875, at least one house was put up for every day in the year, and 
many of tiiem were first-cla^ houses. For the present year, notwithstanding 
the liard times, about t^vo liundred houses were erected, many of which are 
first-class. brick buildings. 

The streets of Shamokin are laid out within a few degrees of due north 
and south. Beginniug at the western limit, they occur its follows: First, 
Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Market, Seventh. Eighth, Ninth, or 
Grant, Orange, Marshall, or Liberty, Washington, Rock, Shamokin, Frank- 
lin, Pearl, Vine, Clierry, and Lombard, the last street on the east in the 
borough limits. 

The streets running east and west, beginning on the nortli, are Packer, 
Cameron, Dewart, Sunhury, Commerce, Independence, Water, Lincoln, 
Sprizheiin, Clay, Webster, Race, Chestnut, Spruce, Phie, Mulberry and 

Within the past few years, several additions of town lots have been made, 
among which may be named the folloiring : West Shamokiu, on the west ; 
Bellas' Addition, on the south; Marslmlton, and M. R. R. and M. Co.'s 
Additions, on the east, and Cameron Addition, on the north. When these are 
included in the borough limits, its" present size will be doubled. 

The population of Shamokin is composed of nearly every nation in Europe, 
but the leading nationalities' ore jVmericau, Polish, German, Irish, English, 
Welsh, Scotch, Fi-enoh, Russian, etc. A large portion of these are law- 
abiding citizens, and a great number of them have homes of theii' own. 

During Jlay, 1866, through the exertions aud liberality of Jolin B. Douty, 
me of the most public-spirited men of tlie town, a town clock was placed in 


the spire of the Presbyteriau church. Tliere nre ibur dials, each five feet 
ia diameter ; the pendulum is fourteeu feet long, ivitli a sixty-five pound ball 
attnclied. It is a great convenience to the toivn. 

3 Shaniokiu Creek, at Market 

The citizens of Shamokiu, upon learning the great loss sustained by the 
people of Chicago and the towns of the north-wc^t, called a meeting and 
appointed committees to solicit font rihutions tor the sufioivi-ri. F. AV. Pollock, 
Esq., was appointed treasurer. The total amount contributed by Shaniokiu 
autl vicinity, was the large sum of two thousaud one hundred and forty-seven 
dollars and eighty cents. Well done! 

There are twenty fire-phigs distributed over the more thickly settled parts 
of the town, the property of the town. The boruugli officials had designed 
to put in twelve more in .«ncli purL* of the town a.-; were not supplied, ivliieh 
would liiive fiilly secured all part« of the borough with wiiter in case of fire. 
An election was held on August 26tli, 1876, to decide whether a tax should 
be levied fur this purpose, but evidently through a misuuderstandiug, was 
deleated hy a large majority. 

Tlie udehtedness of Shamokia is about thirty-four thousand dollai-s, a 
large portion of ichich is in the shape of bonds, at six and seven per cent. 
Provision is made to pay off the intercut i^enii-annually, and such portions of 
the principal, so that the entire debt wilt be licjuidated" in thirty yeai-s. This 
restricts the authorities in tlie works of rcjiaii-s and improvements, as the 
taxes levied are inadequate to fully meet all these purposes. 

For the past five years, a great deal of work has been doue in ojieniug 
streets and keeping them in repair. There are but few toi\-ns, perhaps, more 
expensive to keep in order than Shaiuokin. A number of streets have been 
filled up to grade at great expense. To put Market sti'cet in its present con- 
dition, lias cost over ten thousand dollais ; while at least five thousand dol- 
lars has beeu expended on Independence street. 

All the principal streets are now gnided and paved along their entire 
length, mth a few exceptions, which will soon be attended to hy the watchful 
borough fathei-s. 

These works were started in 1838, when the railroad was extended to Sha- 

The machiue-shop and car-shop were built by the Danville and Pottsville 
Railroad Company, for the use of their road. The foundry was erected by 
John C. Boyd and Ziha Bird, for the purpose of making stoves and hollow- 
ware. The power wsis derived from the engine in the machine-shop. 

In 1851, Stephen Bittenbcnder purcha.sed the liiuudry, and in 1855, the 
machine-shop and He carried on bui^ini>s.-7 here about sixteen 
ycai-s, turning out an immense amount of w-.rk, and keeping in employ a 
large number of men. In 1X117, be [eased fbt' work.- to Cruikshank & Bro., 

In September, 1870, C'niik^liiink & Bro. dispu.sed of their lease to Messi-s. 
Mullen & Hufman, of Port Carbon, two most excellent mechanics. Mr. 
John Mullen had been foxmdry boss, and Mr. David Hufman boss machinist 
of tlie Franklin Iron Works. 

In tlie Piirly part of 1871, this fimi built the first ateam-engine that was 
cnn'^trnr-ii'd at Shamokin. This fact attracted quite a con.iiderabIe attention, 
■.iu'\ :i lin;;i- tiiitiiI"T <i(' jiei^oUB visited the shops to witness it. It was a 
twriiiy-liMr..i-|jij\Mr i[|;;ine, naed to propel a fan at the Henry .Clay Collierj'. 
It wurkcil III perlection, and proved the builders to be master workmen. It 
was extensively noticed hy the local papers, and asserted us the second engine 
built in Northumberland County. 

In theSpnngot 18o Mi Bitlinhi ler«ldtheeH ik-; t Mullen Hut 
man A Co fhi new h n j I 1 t tl \ ] \] ) (t r 

toui tt. t 1 1 ) ] il 1 I 111 I I 1 I il 1 It 1 t t t^ 

fi\etons II I ULtHJcip.l ml LHo t r- \ens heie 

The maibine- h p it- cue hundrc 1 tctt Ioul In fort\ t cl Hide m 1 ixtcen 
feet high in Ihc ileir It ib * ell uppiic I with all the latest t>le of 
machin i\ re luiitd f r tliL hi nt w uits ->i a mimut legion Among the 
new maeliinciv t]ic\ b \t. i tort^ mth '.li le latbe with a twenty two fo it bed 
H plaiiLi tWLi t\ i\ In thut-\ i\ capable f planing a <*mliRc twelve feet 
in length t ladial dull a hei\\ double-plated shaping machine and the 
raachmerv nefcjsan foi a fii-at cla-^ shop As now furnished they aie the 
finest shops in the County, aud among the finest in the State. 

During the early part of 1876, one of the partners, Mr. Da\'id Hufman, 
dying, the firm on June 1st, was changed to John Mullen & Co. 

A large quantity of excellent work has been recently turned out from these 
shops. Among other inachiueiy, they have just completed for the Steriing 
Colliery, one pair of bniating-engiiR-.s sixteen hy thirty, link-motion, with a 
capacity of filty-hoiw-power each, which are justly regarded as the be&t 
hoisting mncbinery in tlie region. They also fiu'nislied a t-iniilar engine aud 
the machinery fur this breaker. A considerable amount of machinery for 
the soft coal lvgion^ bus been scut out from these works. 

The Shaniokiu Iron Works are well located for business, standing in a V 
formed by the Nortliern Central Railway, and the Philadelijhin and Reading 

Wien running full, they employ one hundred meu, hut at the present time 
there are only forty men at work. 

The capacity of the shops is one hunilred and fifty thousand dollai-s per 
annum. Steam-engines and colliery machinery have been their special 
branches of work; but everything in their line of business can be turned 
out as they are well supplied with all the necessarj' fixtures. 

These works were originally started in 1860, hy John Shipp, and 
then known as the Starr Machine Works. They were carried on hy 
Ml". Shipp, until 1871, at which time they were purchased by John 
Medler, and by him operated until the month of October, 1874, when 
William Y. Cruikshank purchased and took pos-^^ession. Recently, Mr. 
Cruikshank has associated with him, a young man of experience and 
ability, and the firm is now known as Lloyd & Cruikshank. The busi- 
ness done embraces the manufiictnre i if all kinds of mining machinery, 
mill-work, etc. Everything, from a grindstone hanging to a steam-engine, 
is manufactured here in the best ])ii-iiblf manner. At present, the works are 
busily employed on iron work, for the Northumberland County Jail. The 
shops, when running at full eapaeity are rapiLbleol'turning out sixty tbuusaud 
doUai-s worth of manufactiu'ed goods per annum, and of affording profitable 
employment to fifty hands. The force now employed is about thirty. The 
works are complete. The iron is taken m the pig at one end of the shop, 
and when it emanates fiom the opposite end, the engine is ready for steam. 

These works were first erected in Sunbury. In 18G4, William Rennyson, " 
of Pottsville, purclinsed them, and carried on business there until 1866, 
when he removed them to Slmmokin, and erected them on their present site. 
In 18C8, Mr. Rennyson retired, and they were idle for some time. 

In 18Ci), William Brown, the pre,-.ent juoprietor, purchased them, and put 
them in running order, and bus kept them mo\-iug to the present time. 

The work.i consist of the iblhiwing buildings, all frame: Machine-shop, 
fifty by one hundred and fifty feet; boiler-ahop, thirty-six by forty feet; 
Bcreen-sbop, fifty by thirty feet; blacksmitb-shop, fifty hy forty-five feet; 
foundry, lil'ty by fifty feet; erecting-shop, tbrty hy fifty feet. 

When tlie>e work- lire running ftill capacity, they can give employment 
to one luindu-d and ^-cvcntyfive men, but at present time only twenty-five 
men are cmploycil. The shops are capable of turning nut one hundred and 
seventy-five thouwind dollars worth of work per annum. 

The principal butiuess of these works is huildhig engines, pumps, hoileK, 
screens, forgings, and all kinds of machinery and repaii-s for mining regions, 
The work.s are properly named the " Industrial," as tliey iiirnish all want* 
of the coal regions. Considerable work is done for Schuylkill and Dauphin 
Counties, and some screen-work for Baltimore. 


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Norliiiniilii rhiitl Oouutj , is twenty 
tl \Mil, It M.iitnms'an area of 
1 li\ []l Creek, MhiLh 
(ti|) irnl I inptiea iQ the Susque- 
HI tliL iinrtli bj the Big Mountain, 

iii(] i.n the -mith h\ the Lik iist Mouutnin 

Iht-re aieauij]iii>-i(l til bi. thiitceii \eiu'. in this basin, the uurabere begin- 
uiug at the bnltuiii NiinibLiN [birteen, twehe, and iourtceii, are red ash, 
and numbers ttn, nine, auJ eigbl, uie ttbitt iish The two principal \emB 
worked m the Shamokin ngiou are eight and m»i called the TSsms. or the 
two pirt- nt the Maniiiintli ^elu TIie\ a\erage Ir.m eight to nme feet in 
thitkiie- nl good coal, the best Loal raine= in the shainokiii Basin 

The .int!tt= tor ibi- coal, aie tlie Lehigh Vallc\ Railroad, the Philadelphia 
and Rl idnifr R ulrnad, and the Northern Central Railwaj, the two latter 
haMxig the larjrcr iioitinH ul the tonnage 

Theie art now -oniL tbirt\ ciltiLiie> in Noitbumbciland County, w Inch 
are prepared to mine ami -liip umi tu > niilbmi tons ot coal per annum 
Tflentj M-v\eai=ago, the iilm klh m Inbiilwuil Hue able to put out 
ele\en thou-aud nine hinnli i uid thirt\ t •u-. <Uit\u^ the ^car, uow, ona of 
our second lat. .(illini will ii 1 It ih t <iu intiU in .mc month 

I \io II I y\]n<h ii w LM I K iiinctctu nidlion 

All the aulbi 
on« aiinuilh . 

j„i 1 m tb i> i 111 IN tliiiiiili jhiJil Diuphin Slunlkill Lii7erne, 
(I, III I M niicoiibKaknv in the w.irld outride of 

Ih I I \ 1 il L.ial bi-iiia «ciL biought into mie cou- 

II Mini loiUterriton a little largci than Noith 

ii„ I I I < I 1 iiu I III loile-- long and twciit\ niilca wide And 
whiu It 1- uiiiuLibudl that tin re is but httlt anthracite eiial in the world 
outMde of this small tract, and that one tenth of the anthracite coal tern- 
torj, and one twelfth ot the anthracite pioduct ih m and fiom good old 
Northumberland Count) , the i eader will form aome definite order of the great 
mineral wealth of the &liainokin region 

very humble way. Be- 
t did not average fifteen thousand 

During the Summer of 1853, the railroad between Shamokin and Sunbury 

(then c-alled the Philadelphia and Sunljun- Railrnjid^ was relaid with iron 
nnl>^, and was ll.vnially npe-iu'd, Aii-nsf li.-.tb. TIr- .■..;.l sbi[mR-Tit this year 
viii:- a little L.veT fifteen thousand Imii-, a^. iliat llii' ( 'ani.'nm Colliery 
would now send in i.u,. innntb, and legani a^ a -mall ^■ut. The coal 
was loaded in bu:it.- ;ii SonliLuy, iuid oii^igned to different points along the 
river. The iif\t viin-, iIh' nunl was extended to Mt, Carmel, and some 
seven or eight i nllien - -iui .ill' -ixly-three thousand five hundred tons, about 
what one ordinary cnlliery w..iild ntiw do in that time. 

A coal-operatnr uf tliU period, informed the writer tiiat he traveled from 
WilliarasporL to Elniira and BuHiilo, trying to .«eil >;v.i\, but met Avith little 
succe.^, as the people kuew little or nothing about tbi.-; kind of fuel. This 
led eoal men to employ men to travel these regions, and teiich the people 
how to bum anthracite eoal. 

During the Autumn of 1855, the railroad between Sunbury and Williams- 
port was opened, and at tlie New York State Agricultural Fair, held at 

fty-five thousand eight hundred and six tons, a large ])roportion of which 
handled by Mr. Langdon. At this time, the only niAiiey in f'ircidalion 
Chemung Canal Bank, am! t^r carli ]':i\ a re- 
■ee^sary. Had Mr LariL-dm, ili,-ii ,;-.x~,:\ his 

about Sli 

mittance from Elmira i 
purchases of Shamokin 
and beggared the town. 
our region is indebted 
enabled him to dispose 

Id have thrc 

er has been parti 

an alone, \vhose far-seeing business mind 
lellent fuel to mutual advantage ; wliose 
wonderful energy and foresight has opened up a great market for Shamokin 
coal, beginning with Elmira, and pushing the trade northward and westward 
until it took the Canadas in its cifcuit, and extended to the towns and cities 
of the far West, even to Omaha. He soon became interested in mining 
Shamokin coal, and through his able and experienced superintendent, Alex- 
ander Fulton, Esq., the works of J. Langdon & Co. have beeu extraordinarily 

In. the course of time, new outlets were opened. The Reading Railroad 
fii-st connected with the Shamokin region, at Locust Gap, but after some 
yeai-s, extended their track tii Shamokin, and tlieiice to Trevorton, and the 
Susquehanna. Next, the Lehigh Valley Railroad came into our region, 
connecting at Mt. Carmel. With these new connections, the shipments 
largely increased, and in ISTO, exceeded one million of tons per animni. 

A few yeai-s ago, the Mineral Railioad and Mining Company took charge 
of some four collieries in this region, viz.: the Cameiou, Luke Fidler, Hickory 
Swamp, and Hickory Ridge. These collieries are under the efhcient super- 
intendence of Holden Chester, Esq., a gentleman of great experience in 
raining affiiii-s. These collieries are the best equipped of any in the region, 
with all the most approved niaehiuery. The shipments from these four e-ol- 
lieries for 1875, are as follows : Cameron, two hundred and seventy thousand 
one hundi-ed and ninety-nine dollars and ten cents; Luke Fidler, one hun- 
dred and- three thousand eight hundred dollara and nineteen cents ; Hickory 
Swamp, seventy thousand live hnndi-ed and nineteen dollars and fourteen 
cents ; Hickory Ridge, eighteen thousand nine hundred and forty dollars 
and two cents; total, four hundred and sixty-three thousand four hundred 
and sixty dollars and five cents, 

This coal is put in the markets of Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, 
and Boston, as Cameron coal. 

For the year 1875, there was sent from Northumberland Countj', one 
million six hundred and twenty-eight thousaud six hundred and eighty-three 
tons of coal. More than one-half of this tonnage passed over the Philadelpliia 
and Reading "Railroad. 

"to mine, prepare, and put in eai^ for market, this amount of coal, requires 
the employment of at li;ast li\-e thousand men and boys, at thirty breakere, 
with one hundred engine-, representing at least six thousand five hundred- 
hoi-se-power, to hoist, jaini]), and drive the machinery. Add to this the 
horses and mules employed; the amount of hay ami grain consumed by 
them ; the quantity of rails, sheet-iron, spik&i, etc., required ; the powder and 
oil consumed, aud'the millions of fi?et of timber required, and the reader will 
form an idea of the immense capital employed in miuiug the anthracite coal 
of Northumberland C-ounty. 

The collieries in the vicinity of Shamokin, pay out, each month, to theu- 
men, an average of one hundred thousand dollars per month, when running 
to their full capacity. ' 

The writer had intended to dwell more extensively on this topic, giving a 
description of each colliery, but was prevented by hia limited space and time 


While biisiiiess was good, some tweuty-fivc ii 
eleveu are at work at tliis time. 

Ill Murcli, 1876, J. H. Ziuimcrmaii, retired from business, and was suc- 
ceedetl by his sou, J. B. Zimmerman, who carries on the shops at the present 

During the prosperous yeai:3, over twenty thousaud dollars worth of work 
was put out per annum, but at this time, the amount will not exceed twelve 
thousand dollars pei- year. 

i employed; but only 

Shnmokin is well provided witli hotels, but tliere is not a hotel-building in 
the town iidequate to the wants of the place. 

The priucipnl hotels are: Weaver's National Hotel, and the United States, 
on Shamokin street; the City Hotel, onSunbury street; Market Street Hotel ; 
and the Exchange, on Commerce street. 

There b not another town ia the County that is better furnished with stores 
than Shamokin. Thefolloi^dngaretlieprincipalones; Kutzner'sdnigandhnrd- 
ware store, carry about forty thousand dollars of stock ; C. Gracher & Son, 
<lry goods, about twenty thousand dollars ; A. Strour & Co., dry goods, 
twenty thousand dollars; L. B. Jlorganroth & Co., dry goods, about twenty 
thousand dollai-s; Leader, Muir ct Co., dry goods, about twenty thousand 
dollai's; Fegely & Marty, dry goods, about filteeu thousand doUai-s. 

Besides these, there is a. large class of good stores, which carry fi-om six 
thousand dollars to ten thousand' dollai's of stack. 

This monument to our fallen heroes, stands on the highest ground of the 
Shamokin Cemetery It was erected through the efforts of Lincoln Post, of 
the Giand iVrra> ot the Republic. On May 30th, 1871, it was dedicated 
with appiopiiate ceremonies. The monument is a beautiful piece of work- 
manship, and cost ibout seven hundred dollars. It is thirteen teet high, and 
stands fifteen teet above the level of the ground, being surmounted on a 
mound, two feet high The base is a solid block of granite fi-om the Gettys- 
buig battle-field, thiee-aud-a-half feet square, weighing three thousand two 
bundled pounds The monument is of American marble. Upon the front 
panel is the mscnptiou 

a.A.ii.; ■ ' 

Surmounting the die is a plain shatl, seven feet high, with a raised shield 
on front, bearing above it the words: 


sof th 

D g tl AA . 
n 11 SI k u nl a i 

1 I tl t 1 1 f 1! t II \ 1 and 

1 1 uanj 1 tl 1 g p I t t 1 ] 1 t lee. u tl 6 

1 u d u f th PP t V 1 i C 1 t 1 I I 1 tl n 

1 d d Sh ok as p p d I t t t tl pp t o il 

q est n OS th dr PP 1 f t ng n th AV t of 

1862 San uelJ 1 n J 1 n B D ut\ a 1 t n n t and [ p d 

abdlf estall hngap In II 111 a. tak n t Ha labu by 
San IJ 1 n au 1 pas. d u a t k aft n ds 

In tl Sp ug f 186 a t ug t t as u, 1 IdattleCntal 1 ool 
1 to d tl p 1 u quest n Tie q e.t n as a nl de- 

bat d an 1 finall) d d d t! nt a 1 t on si o Id b h Id to d de tl e 
matte Tl ih is d n n Jun 1 tl a d a n d bj a uall maj t By 
tl a t AS ill an H Alarsl all J pi B d and Geo g M El re tl e 

first Poor Directors. 

On March 1, 1864, they purchased from Jacob Jfaur>' his farm, aboutone 
mile north->s-e3t of Shamokin, consisting of forty acres, on wjiioli were erected 
a large brick-house and suitable out-buildings, for eight thousaud doUara. 

Emunuel Zimmerman was appointed Warden, who eutei-ed upon liis 
duties at once. 

During the year ending April lat, 1876, three hundred families received 
outside relief, averaging fifteen dollars and sixty-oue cents per iamily; fifty- 
nine persons were lodged at the poor-house, extending from a few days to a 
year; three were maintained at the lunatic hospital, and three hundred and 
sixty-five tramps lodged nt the poor-house. 

The expenditures for the year were eight thousand four hundred and 
eighty-eight dolhu-; and fifiy-i'i,i.'lit vi'iKs, Tin: products of the iarm amounted 
to five hiMidved aii.l .ixiy-lmii d.^llai- and ^ixty-five cents. 

The poor offitial^ ai tlic pn-inr tiim.-, are as follows: Directors— Isaac 
May, Sr., Dr. D. S. Hullcniiarli, W. W. Wary ; Sccretarj-— J. J. John. 

During many years, Shamokin bad no newspaper, although possessed of a 
reading population, who largely supported the papers of Sunbuty and Mil- 
ton iu advertising and subscriptions. About 1853, when the Philadelphia 
and Sunbury Railroad commenced operations, there was a general revival of 
business in the Shamokin region, aud, as a consequence, a large number of 
people from different sections came here. At this time, a newspaper was 
projected, and some steps were takeo in that direction, but nothing was ae- 
complbhed. No fiirther effort, was made until the Summer of 1858, when 
John Robins, a practical printer, who had published t\ie Millonian for sev- 
eral years, came to Shamokin, and, in July, started a newspaper, called the 

Lod material about Jauuni 

This paper was issued some four or five months, by Mr. Robins, but, owing 
to the striui'-ency of the times, he was obliged to suspend the enterprise. The 
office was iu what was then ivell-ku-.wn as the "Rett Hou^e," wliich stood on 
ground north of Teinmes' saloon, where the Reading Railroad now pa 
over. Mr. Samuel Johu purchased the pi'e 
Ist, 1859, but did not continue the paper. 

The fiist number of this paper was issued March Sth, 1860, by Samuel 
Johu, Esq., editor and proprietor. The Journal press aud material were 
used for its issues. The pajier was Republican in politics, aud took a stroug 
stond iu favor of the election of Abiaham Lincoln. The Segkh;; iu the 
hands of Mr. John, i\as a good newspaper for that day. Ou June Gth, 
1861, the Ee<jUter passed into the hands uf Daniel Bower, who had previ- 
ously published the WiUiam.'^>ort Thnc^. Mr. Bower was a man of consider- 
able ability, and was a ready writer and a fiuent speaker, but was not as 
diligent in' business as success required. Ou April 29th, 1862, he discon- 
tinued the Jieffi"a(er. Theprc-iS and material passed uito the possession of 
Samuel John, I^., but no paper was issued, and he finally sold the entii'e 
stock to a party of Sudbury, who started up the Democratic G^tard. 

The next, and most successful paper in Shamokin, was the Serald, which 
fi t IP ITu loth I'^C Dan' IB tl e p oprietor bzued "hares 

f t k 1 tl 1 1 d t 1 1 tl pi t tfi f 1 nt 

ngc. II I tt jl 1 II ^ 11 PP ;t II) 

DnlB dJJTlnilnnbr^ ^ -d \ M 

R tdfntl 1 ll i Itl ptnasR t 



lud d ed i 

Clan 11 -a U \ H U 
1 n J St a t M E ^ 


1 utl th 


,. f tl fti 

uatlJ I 31 1S(3 1 uM r 1 > tfe t 1 

aud an U t i t 1 1 Ij t d tr m tl ^ t 

8r% to k 1 ^ tth if /^ M r 1 a=i nil b I 1 

g at d fh ult e= but b nut g ud t nd I ppl 1 

edcd n bull 1 ug p a n lap adjle^tabll t ' ,"„ 

the County. To till. hL added a ^ kl 1. U" "^I 

* 1 ■ -. .r„„-;B lint r>v(.i-(ii.'iiified in its manner. Uu fortunately, the 
outspokeu in itj; cnui-He, but e\ei Higmncu in iis iiiaiinLi. ^^ „ "^ , , 

health of Mr. Fowler failed, and in May. 1874, he died after being confined to 
his bed one week. His last wish was, that the "Herald should not miss a 
number " TIr- paper was then conducted by J. J. John, {who hos been the 
coal editor siucu ISllftJ u. July Ist, 1874. when the esUiblishmeut was sold at 
administrator'- sale to Ml-^-^i^. lieHelfingcr & Coder, who had been in Mr. 
ro,vler's employ for several yean<. Under the management of these two 
pmetical priutei-s, the Eernld has improved iu its appearance, and mcreased 
in its circulation It b regarded as the organ of the coal trade in North- 


iiuibcrlnnd County, aud is very attentive in piiblisliing nil matters of local 
iiifcrest. It is Re])iiblieau io politics, and liiis, for years, taken au active 
part in support of tlie men and principles of the party. 


I bo January 

1 18 1 

1 a ne irmt g 

m c ui 

i 1 re uouslj 

h <I hetu 1 t 

1/ h 1 

•^on e t ent^ s i. 

nun 1 cr« of thL let 

c e c 1 n d 1 nbu 

d gnt 

to slj tl e p ofits 

CO ng Iron tie nd\ert 

ai g T\cAdoertser a 


erged into tie 

The first number of the Tin e. a\ peared July 13th 1872 published bj 
;1 e an e fir D 1 Jol u A G Iger as local ed tor The paper as neutral 
n pol t o f a tl n^ pn 1 le a 1 p 1 great atte tiou to the coUec 

t on f lo n 1 m t IS 4 Ar Jnna. L C Iger re- 

el t I Te el for a 

Ip 1 IS Mr D D 


I V. 

n pn] I 11 k I u (_ n p n tl Mr 

D ra-elto I a llllice nn^ ruent the paper 

la nelt^lnnlfe nj 1 u u ultlle- pipeib 

DtheC u t M D er a 1 e and k j h s olum ■nell 
hUed itl ne 

Tliscominn a. orga zed Maj and cl artered n ^o enber 1673 

c on ailcr tl e u ^'a nt on tl c n to n ed tl en elves nn I pnrel lued a 
loeur^ n I oh lulrl teet ot good hose 

Du 1 1"* ^i B 1 11 fe 1 ^en el 1 e cnn pany with everal 
lo at! f r kl J 1 '^pu ,!l e m s reets thev e ected a 

(in t r I r k 1 Id ng t cut bj tl t? fa e feet for carnige-l ou e 

anlil cc f y 

n e I 1 sp rous a d nun bers at j resent ceventj five n embers 

1 ! ej 1 a at e 1 1 e ery fire s ce date ot orgi n zat on 

The officera are: President, John Owen; Vice President, Lewb Spears; 
Secretaries, H. Eolirheimer, S. Owen; Treasiuer, W. K. Kutzuer. 

Organized October 12th, 1875. This organization numbers tiventy-two 
members, fully equipped tor service. Meetings held at Liberty Hose House. 

Present officera are: Foreman, C. W. Scout; Assistant Foreman, D. B. 
Felix; Secretary, Theodore Straivser; Treasurer, A. G. Marr. 

Was organised August 14th, 1873, ^vitli Wesley Van Gosken, as President; 
and Thomas Tindle, as Secretary. The company was chartered in November 

The prc-sent otficere are: President, Isaac Goldsmith; Vice President, 
Wesley Wil(^<.n: Swivtary. M. L. Stniuse: TreiL-urcr. H. H. Keiser. 

.six ill] 

,■ \V,- 


}st of 

fompiiny are now building ii tw.i-^t^iy brick lio:.t;-]iou-<e, the first story of 
which is now completed. Mr. Jacob Jleutehler is the builder. The com- 
pany has no debt. They have attended all tires. Have five hundred feet 

Orgniiiztfd in March, 1873. The present otficere are: President, Fred- 
erick Haas; Sctnlnry, Hany NeihotT; Treasurer, Joseph H. Kase. 

There arc lliirly-six memhers uniformed, and well equipped for service. 
They have about four hundred feet of hose. 

Theii- meetings are held, and personal property kept at the Friendship 
Hose Building. 

Consists of the following companies: Friendship, seventy-two members; 
Rescue, thiity-six membei-s; Independence, forty-five members; total, one 
hundred and filty-three mcmbei-s. 

This organization was started about a year ago, with Wesley Van Gosken 
as Chief Engineer. lu bis last report, he states the pei-sonal property of 

department to consist of the following: Three liose-ean-inges; thirteen hun- 
dred feet antiseptic gnm-hose; six hose-pipes; six lanterns; four hundred 
feet of rope; five carriage-spanneis; five speaking-trumpets. 



s tl e 1 rgest p 

is dence Shan okin, and i! 

n e b 1 1 ng s fiftj ton feet squa e a d five stories high, with a slate- 
oof It IS a 1 r k St tu of a ve v n pos g appearance, situated on ,the 
CO ners of Ar 1 L n a d Ma ket st eeL The building contains forty- 

siv roo ell 1 ] t tl I lis lo ets etc ' 

It a. ere ted 1 let lot o ne -s in 1854, tor the purpose 

of a 1 ot 1 II M Ia e c ke 1 u cl ased it, and resided there for 

se e ai 1 ^I L n^ene ke otcupyiug it, U had been used for 

At 1 I urcl ased tl e property and bad it finished. 

The first i ] poses the second and third stories are used 

bvMr B o nforare. ten e 1 Isttleto rtl aud fifth stories are UDOCCupied" 

The toUo ng dcacnption of tl is t uly elegant place, which is at once a J 
n odel of con en ence and an or an ent to the borough, is taken irom the 
SI a oL He aid — 

It al > s a pleasure to note mi ro e ents in our town, but more es- 
pe ill) o 1 tl ej a e of a first clnso 1 racter, such as we are about to 
dc r be Tl e er 1 gc an 1 n a ng dr g and hardware trade of Major 
■^^ r Kut er l „ e n d 1 n tl it he must have more room, 

an] ace d u^l e 1 1 F II I en ed an addition to his building, 

CO ner f "^ u 1 H k be devoted fxvlnsively to the 

Hrl ae r 1 f I bu III tofoic W!i-s a-^^-ocialcd with the 

dr gtrale la g J ugs ou d t n".ni :ind hardware ou the 

otler Tleue aldt esi nds ard ;i|.|ii:iiaii.i' with the old 

buling tlree to Ca 1 i,l pre I k n, :ind i- iliiiiy-lwn feet wide 
by net) thrc feet deei ak t, t I H-uildiiiL', ;i IV.mtagf of fifly- 
e e feet It c largest 1 s c^ I o '-hamokin, Wr enter the main 

salcfc oon ot tl e o t re tl o t,l a 1 e jcb plate-ghit^s front, the two 
large 1 d s of 1 cl ar 1 gl ted 1 ix glas.-es, three to each vdn- 

do eaci glass I e ng to tj e ^1 1 1 es I y one hundved and thirty-three 
long. The sash aud doore are grained walnut. The flour of tJie entrance 
between the show wiudo\vs is laid with black and white tiles. Entering we 
stand in a room twenty-nine feet wide by eighty-nine ieet deep in the clear. 
The first objects that arrest one's attention, are the gracefully poieed staii-\vuy 
leading to the second and third flooi-s, the book-keeper's office and the arched 
entmuce to the drug store. The counteis (except the tops, whidi are of 
oiled ash) aud shelving are grained oak. The two front countei-s contain 
twelve show-cases each, all with French plate tops set in the counter, and 
under each is a drawer which may he easily removed with the entire contents 
of the case. On the right, as you enter, are eight cases with glass dooi-s dis- 
playing silver-ware, guns, etc. Under the rear countei-s are numerous nail- 
bins, with the respective sizes painted on, and ^o arranged that the customer 
can see and examine for himself The shelve.- and drawei-s back nf the 
counters are arranged in the most convenient m:inin-r: tlieie arc in all two 
hundred and sixty drawers, each hearing a laliel of content.-^. Vi'e nm\ enter 
the booli-keeper's office, near the rear end on tlie right-hand side. It is a cosy, 
neatly furnished, seven by ten feet room, wainscoted with oiled chestnut, and 
has a handsome glass front. Herp our friend, Mr. A. G. Goodwill presides. 
He is very proud of his new cage. From this, we enter Major Kutzner's 
private oliine, immediately in rear of the book-keeper's. It is ten by twelve 
and finished and furnished similar to tlie one we have just described. Back 
of this office, is a fire and Imrghir-prnof vault. Lea\'ing the offices, 
we enter tlirougb a door in rear end of the silw-ruom, and on a level with it, 
into the oil cellar, which is ten by fifteen feet, with floor and sides cemented, 
sheet-iron roof, and lighted by three sky-lights. The oil is kept in patent 
cans. This arran^'cment is a groat convenience. Much light is had in the 
main saleroom from a large sky-light running tbroufih the centre of the 
building. At night, it is lighted by live (-Imndelier,-, tlirci- in the room 
proper, and one in each show-window. Tliis mum i.-^ toinn'.tcd with thL-dnig- 
storc bv an arched doorwav- AVe now ascend to Ih,- >vr.,m\ th-m up tlie 
hand.nn,,. slal.u.v, wi.h walnut rail and oiled a>h l,aIusU-r.-.. The 
.second i\..uv i- ,-,|Uul in -i/,c to the lower room, well-ligbi.'d, and largely 
stocke.1 «ith \\.MMl,n ami ^^ ilh.w-ware, glass, cbildrcnV carriages, ch.ver and 
timothy :-i-i>d, ..■tc. Tli'> liiinl-iloor room is similar in -size and appearance to 
the one we have just left, and contains a large stock of farming im|»]ements, 
mine supplies, etc. The building is heated by a furnace in the cellar." 


Sbiimokiii lias evL-r cviuwd ii iiiilitarv .-|iint, ami the jmrt taken liy in- 
he late Ecbellinii is ii pniiicl rmml uf iiiartiftl dwiL,. Sht "ii.-* i'ci>re-fi 
II a large lUimher nf ref,niiieLits, luiil on .-very hnttle-iii-M. Si„,n n 

the town was hiid u 

v.mpany wa; 

it^ the Hin- 

niokiii Grays, uumlieringahnut seventy men, rank aud I 
CaptJiin Charle;, Denhig, who, alter soracyeai-a, was sueeeedcd hy <',i]iiaiii F. 
A. Clark, aud fiually Ijy Captain J. L. Gilger, who i-ctJiioed the comiiiaiid 
UDtil the company disbanded, which was about niue years after its formation. 
Several battalions ivas held at Shaniokiu, during the existeuce of this com- 
pany, on ivhich occasions, niajoi-s and brigade inspectors appeared in tlicir 
best regimentals to gieat advantages. At one of these battalions, held in 
June, 1846, an effort was made to obtain volunteer tor Mexico, which did 
not result very favorably, as only oTie soldier stepped out for the Mexican 

During 1854, a new company of the above name was formed, with S. M. 
Kasc, as captain. Captain Kase was soon succeeded by Captain Reeder, 
ivlui beiug elected brigadier-general, was followed by Captain Cyrus Strouse, 
a most excellent soldier. Upon the call for tropps, at the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, the Shamokin Guards nobly responded to tlie call. 

On April 16th, 1861, the citizens of the town held a meeting to assist the 
" Guard," in tilling up their company. Speeches were made by A. K. Fiske, 
■\V. P. Witbington, and Alexander Cahlwell, and measures taken to assist 
the families as enlisted. The eoniplinieiit was made up the same evening, 
numbering one hundred and eight men, rank aud file. The following is the 
muster roll of the National Guard: 

Captain, C. Strouse; 1st Lieutenant, AViUiam J. Alien; 2d Lieutenant, 
George B. Cadwallader; Brevet 2d Lieuteuant,-George Shiff; Orderly Ser- 
geant, Jolui Harris; 2d Sergeant, A. Kreeger; 3d Sergeant, John B. Sny- 
der; 4th Sergeant, Ferd. Rhodes. 

Privates — Jacob B. Rhoads, Jacob Meutchler, Israel Stanibarli, William 
P. Caldwell, Alexander Caldwell, Heni-y Startzel, Cyrus Bittenbender, 
Michael Daoley, Frederick Dipner, Alichael Salter, Charles Kreeger, David 
Shiff, Thomas R. Williams, AVilliam Booth, Jacob Getter, AVilliam Gulp, 
William Colier. John Colier, Thomas Harris, Henry Holshoe, Patrick 
Colier, Charle.-, Cnnrad, Jaenb W. Irich, Henry Irieh, Hugh Boyd, William 
Stillwaguer, Michael Meisbeiger, John Meighau,-John Hancock, John E. 
Zuender, Thomas Caldwell, John E. Eisenhart, C. L. V. Hans, John E.. 
Lake, Jacob Dindori; Peter AVentz, Fj-aok Earuuosky, Ephraim Folk, Wil- 
liam Shock, John Bi-ennan, Niclmlas Curn, James Darms, Jacob Guskey, 
David Eveland, Wesley Van Goskcu, James H. Haas, Guy McCulley, John 
Weis, Francis Toby, Benjamin Culp, P. P. Danaren, J. B. Eaf.n. J..lin 
Neuter, Charles Brand, H. C. Bi.f4, D. J. W lley, John W. Ileilner, Wil- 
liam Bone, Charles Murgaues, Daniel Jom^, AVillinm Smith, Charl&s 
Ma<loru, John D^mmis, August Schcusil. William B. Osnmn, Waimiel Ch.u- 
ser, Reuben Mulleu, Samuel Barnesley, Joel Holshoe, Jacob Peiper, 'W'il- 
liam Farrell,, Moses Reed, Jolin Hartiiue, Benjamin Crist, Jacob Shiel. 
Jonfis Holston, John McCulley, John Lannan, J. M. John, Josiah Roup, 
George Roup, Michael Eagan, James Sterret, Francis Hollister, Michael 
Dawson, John McManus, George W. Weaver, George Kramer, Jeremiah 
Maize, George Blankslcy, J. W. P]iilip=, John Slnllehood, J. Peuuypacker, 
John Vanzttut, Daniel JIuney, Ziba Bird, Thomas E. Jones, G. Klase, and 
B. F. Lake. 

On Sunday morning, the company attended services at the Methodist 
Church, ivhich was icstooncd with the stai-s and stripes, and listened to a 
patriotic sermon, suitable to the occasion, by Rev. Mr. Dixon. During the 
evening they attended services at the Presbyterian Church, and were elo- 
quently addressed by Eev. A. D'Haron, the pastor, and the Eevs. Wampole, 
aud Swenk, of the Lutheran and United Brethi-eu Churches. On Monday 
morning, April 22d, they took their departure tor Harrisburg. Huiulreds 
of people from the town and the neighboring townships had as^endjled to 
^yitness their departure, and to give them a gnoil-bye. They arrived at Har- 
risburg the same day, aud wei-e at once marched to Camp Cnrtin, «-here 
they were ibrined in the Eighth regiment, as company A. Tlie next day 
tbey were hurried on to Cliambei'sbui^, and entered into quartei-s at Camp 
Slifer. Their trip from Shamokin all the way to Chambei-sburg, was a pei^ 
feet ovation ; refreshments were supplied by tlie people at the difterent towns, 
aud the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. They were placed under the com- 
mand of General Eobert Pattei-son. On June 9th, they moved to Camp 
Emely, about seven luiles from Hagei-stown. From this point. Colonel Cald- 

well will tiike Lip the narrative, and puisne it through the whole Rebellion. 
Having been one (.f that devoted band of veteran? that .-crved through the 
entire war, one of the heroes of the gallant Forty-sixth, that followed the 
vietnrinu.-. Sherman in bi> glorious march to the Sea, noue are better pre- 
pared to jelatc their marlial record. And he has done it well. Not a com- 
rade baa been overlooked, not an engagement forgotten, aud he "fights his 
battles o'er," as though they oeenrrcd but yesterday. 

S.».u after their arrival at "Camp Emley," the Eighth regiment, t.. which 
the Shamokiu Guard (company A] Has attached, was c,rdered to Williams- 
port, Maryland. Ordei-s were received t.) have tbiee days' cooked rations in 
haversacks, aud to be prepared fiu- a iia-ward movement. By the time the 
rations had been stowed away in havei^aeks, came orders to "strike tents." 
This order was iiailed with delight, for, novices in the art of war, the com- 
mand was auxious to meet the enemy. 

The Eighth regiment was ordered to escort Captain (now Major-General") 
Doubleday's thirty-pounder battery to Martinsburg, then iu possession of oui' 
army. The battle of Falling Waters— simply an afliiir of outposts— had 
been fought and won; the way had been opened by the advance-guard, so 
that the work of occupation for the Eighth regiment was only a hard march 
—no glory, no scai-s. From Martinsburg, the company- the right of the 
Eighth- marched to Bunker Hill; ii-.mi (hence to C'hnrk^town, where it 
i^BUiained about ten days. The baltle of Bull Kuii liaving been fini^'ht and 

iriy e 

I the 

Shenandoah River; thence to Harpei-'s Ferry, and from there, via Baltimore, 
t-o Plarrisburg, where they were mustered out of the service. By the expii'a- 
tion of the term of service of the three-moulhs' troops, the curtain fell upon 
the fii^t act of the great drama of war— a war in wbich the Shamokin Guard 
acted a prominent part; a war which resulted in the eTuaneipation of a race — 
the strikiug ofi' the shackles of four millions of biuuan beine^. 

The company having returned to theii- homes, the ivork of I'ecruitiug for 
" three yeai-s or during the war," began in earnest, as the results of the three- 
months' campaign bad demonstrated that this was to be no ordinary war. 

On the 20th of August, 1861, the ranks were nearly full, with the following 
officer's: Captain, Cyrus Strouse; 1st Lieutenant, G. B. Cadwallader; 2d 
Lieutenant, WiUiam P. Caldwell. The company rendezvoused at "Camp 
Curtiu," where, on the 4th day of September, 18G1, it was mustered into the 
service of the United StatLs by CapUdn D. 11. Hastings, United States Army, 
and assigned to the Forty-sixth regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer as com- 
pany K, Colonel Joseph F. Knipe, 

Having remained in camp of instruction for about six weeks, the regiment 
was ordered to Washiugton ; thence to " Camp Kalerawa," where it remained 
a short time, and from there, one stormy Saturday lught, inarched for 



General A. S. Williams, of Michigan, Maj 

ed to Ihe 
. P B:ui 




enforced, thus to ]>repure the command for the .ifCi'oKa work of the impend- 
ing campaign. (As the Shamokin Guard was now part and parcel of the 
Forty-Sixth regiment, Pouusylvaiiia A'oluuteoi^s, \vith whose history it was 
identified during the whole struggle, it will not be neee.-sary to ment"ion it as 
a company, save recording the number ot il- killed and uunndedj With 

the monotony of camp life, until the day ot ilu luule ul H;dK' BbilK For 
several days the air had been thick with rumors ol impi.ndmg battle, but 
with the "happy-go-lucky" disposition so characteristic of the soldier en- 
gaged in the desp^iate game of war, they were passed by unheciled, until 
about twilight of that bloody day, when a courier, who had been riding 
post-hast^.', brought Ihe uew^ of the disaster to <air arin^ of thi d..Lfh nf the 
gallant Baker, and the urgent need of a^-istanee. Willi llir .^..piina of 

the head-ipiarter.-, the .■oinmand was, of efaim-, iu i-riu, e ol uhal «.i- in 


nd loml V 

s tha 


life, with it* restrictions, and long for a change. The change iu this case 
came, alas, to soon. The di'^tance trom Darue-itowu to Pook^yille is about 
twenty-three miles, and all night long the troop-, marched steadily forward, 
and cheerfully, for, as they neared the .si-ein' <-i tlie ili-;L-ler, eourier-; funii the 
front brought the ominous news of defeat, aud t\u'\ \.n,-_r, .\ u, m ipe out the 
disgrace. At Poolesville, the eoramaml bad ii- lii-r l..nk ,ii ibe thu-l: side of 
war. Long trains of ambulances, laden with tie- i-rutbed and broken tbrnis 
of those who, in the early morning, were all buoyant with life, aud the hopes 
that young life begets were hunyiug to the rear, thus coulirmiug the story of 


defeat >iot tl tand ng 

the cheerio* o tlook tl e men ent gillnntly 

panj K n tl e ad ance as s al on to Ma t nsbn g to W ucl ester 1 cl 

fnarl r"lc 11 


nt n lo e tl he lo B vo a k |, ou 

tl e ene ny 1 d 1 r e 11 e acuated a a for e as o ng lo o tl e r 

1 h 1 1 1 
ul 1 1 1 

1 1 1 ght 

flakto r cle ckslu ga df omPennc tic c th 1 tt c hel 1 of 
tlc2otl ol Mj t Fr t P 1 on le SI n lo He u 1 o nl 

\ 1 

a 1 1 ailed 

oi en pa 1 l k t 1 t is and econnoi. acileL ^aleklt 

i 1, 

1 n 1 ) >s 

tl e troop 1 1 c 1 f r B c a eck. he can p a t k a 1 tl 1 no 


II 1 g our 

of march t k u uj tor A^ rrcnto and thence to C Ipep] er Cou t Hon e 


"k .pug t ) on 
1 on 1 e ret 

"Major Gen r 1 Jol n Pope as about tl sine ass gne 1 to tl e command of 
tbe Arn ) ot "S g n a 


k 1 a nter 

Except a reconno '*<ince to a d Gordo 11 no 1 g occ ed to ar tl e 

n au le 1 
h n 

1 I P UsBlull 
u 1 nt a el 

n onoto J f cam] 1 ic unt 1 tl e afte noon oi tl e &tl of V [,u t U e e en y 
I a ng beco ne un suallj bol 1 Ceneral Ba ard as o 1 1 to pu 1 tl em 

11 te 

1 1 r 1 k Hero 

bn k tl 1 ca al J Tl 1 c ace n piLhe 1 1 t 1 1 c 1 ed Cedn 

h r 

n A\ m e 1 to 

R abo t uc n 1 otto C 1} [pe 1 c ioun 1 tic en 3 8 longly 

H D 1 

r 11 1 a- on bj 

posted ud 1 k 1 to nio Co eot Tl Pu^, B g. 1 1 cl tl 

yo all I 

11 t A\ n 

Port tl go a at hel as at on e or elf a d 1 s sup 

er 1 

1 1\ 1 an r rt el tic 

port. Vlte ta I, n„ 1 1 e 1 ed tl e hel al out s \ clock 


1 Sh nn 1 1 "\ allej 

m the e en g He e tl c b ack 1 to 1 „1 


1 t! e al u k n hing 

Stro g tolu n of ia trj be n^ pu 1 ed ior 1 le loj 1 tl c I ct tl at 



k II \ d n er n\ u t r on 
o ^\ u r 1 t n t con 

tbe ad ance guar lot Lee an und Stone lljn kson as n tl e m 
med ate Ir nt Ii L c ad an e a I e 1 ecke 1 n Ic to alio tl e 

maul orile 1 


on a B 1 1 L Terry 

a mj of th P n a e r 1 "n a 1 n n hr- 1 1 t 5 to 

on tl SI c a lo 1 Tl 


race led fr 1 r|l leu 

be doue ill ku 1 1 u 1 n 1 c 1 e le^| tc 

n r r Ir (. t 1 e 

t SI 

d lea ^^ 1 k 1. usst- 

yet all r -c \ V, 1 e e] u f 1 nl kr 1 t'orjos 

a Tl \\ a rcn 

to a n 1 o d 1 ol i ced 

tion and to 1, n no 1 l rred out 1 nl t tl rce do k n 

t ^\ 


ng me t n arcl a cd ou c h Id and 

the after 00 of tl 9t 1 en 1 e Ufeles ounded tl e isaemblj tl e troops 

took I 

oi tl 

etreat ng en j In h {,1 1 n a cl 

fell n to karm anl ere al io 1 e fray 

tl s 

n t c 

t ne nl an Tl ] r, t f Jack 

rie F t Br^ de a. cut 1 e tflt Qm\ u^ K c pj ng tl e e\ 

son 1 I r I! 1 1 1 


e k lea Ic 1 turned 

trcme r gl t ot tl c 1 Th d a en cl 1 ot an 1 tl en uSered 

o tbe t ol \\ od t 


It 1 k I kson 

CO s ler b PI c to n e 1 1 e e 1„ oi tl 1 c t hel 1 u 

la ug 1 en re niorce 1 a 

c 1 

n 1 L \ a 1 a 1 n 1 our 

their irout B oud 1 1 a t h 1 1 a Icn p 1 hlle 1 tl a 

nut tl tl 


c ni nitl ak Srn J nl 

tl ck und tf ' I ood h n n t 1 po t 1 but on 

1 re 1 1 1 in 

n r u t tl a j 1 i re 

cenled on 1 o „ d aj, t gh tl 00 1 b t 

si ta 


a 1 la g 11 1 ceed 

batte i Tl L batte IP 1 egin t as d red t t k W tl 

at 1 1 ■« 


1 j^ d h e 11 1 „ 1 to n of 

n cl ecr tl c lo a 11 t i on e ad nnce 1 n attic 1 ne clea ed 

S n 1, Ml 


1 a d b ^\ od Battery 

tl e fences I u ouc {, a 1 n ag h cu 1 gc s ept tl e e en j 1 k to 

M 1 N 1 

111c 1 nter 

and ncro s he rond B 1 tl nt pa. age ae oss the let hel 1 COS tl te 


I on W 1 lite 

nbl a d hen tl j re cl ed tl e batter find ng tl e sel es s ) po ted 

al r P 1 II thy 

and outilnnked tl C) e e compelled to relm ] si 1 at tl C) 1 ad on nd 

ok 1. 

oO 1 tl Uf, 1 trj og 

retire f on tl e hel 1 h el tl ey 1 1 n fcood dc Altl ugl tl c 1 ne as 

1 titlul 1 i rep 

e o 

g n strcngtl i r = "nfl ct 

br ke a d tl e command on e vl nt s a tere 1 ct 1 re s pa tl e 

Long betore tl cdnj 1 ad da 

ned the re e lie IL. 1 a n an 1 1 11 ailed 

n eu niter n 1 splaj ot n ago heent gall nfr onl re r ng etorc an er 

The earednc ]» ook 

t a burn d breakfa. fl b f,l ) t the 

beln g force of tl e e em Coda Alount 1 as pa^ed nto 1 sto J nil 

1 or u„ un ] J ello.1 tl tot 1 

hhal c lei e t hi a 1 tl ncd 

tl e 1 tor a L f tl e lasamj, t an oug tl e n t desj erately fougl t bnt 

tl c la ein e a d t t 

1 Ii 

1 got n tl 1 tl «a 1 of " c 

Ucsoitle hoi niggle 

nen ^ po ted on r 


utlall n lea a) 1 P tHojal 

Com] nnj K e e el bap m of fire on tl e oode 1 lopes of tl s ne 

ro 1 1 1 1 t la 


1 1 n„ ol 1 e 1 lei g tl 1 c ond 

1 sto c moun an Tl e rapanj ent nto ctio tl t tj Ii c n en and 

1) \ 

1 t" 

Eu r P u 1 I n ed s t Irtll 

t officcia It a e out t no ofiicers and t ent \ ncn Tl e c on 

1 n 


n 1 d la n a Get- 

d d not last more thnn t hou 15 -0 la ns eo pan K u 1 t Port \tl 


a 1 1 1 t all to 

regin ent as ueemed t tl e loa. as ) 1 eav Vmo g tl e k 1 e 1 


lu 1 J k k ngour 

ere the gnllnnt L euten nt ^^ dl nm P Cnld V 1 1 con d 1 the n 
pan the bm e &ergca t Jamca H Hnss th 1 tro c Corpornl SI ock and 

I E I r 1 Ic 

tlose toe seller- Coder T ets rorth Eu lels C 11 nger Alter and 


1 t a fo"C 

Werko k 


u „ 1 a 1 tl e en 

Vn out tic ounded ere 'd L eutcntant Alex nle C 11 cll n d tl ose 


11 1 c| 111 In tl s 

bra e sold c i, S „cant C l„e Co po 1 Sh p[ Cor] 1 M El c S r 

i_ p tted ag nst tl f ) e enti 

gcntTlo asCnld cll CorporaUW ncYuta llr t P S | 


n ade t a It a ted 

Rotl Brl D no an and ^eui • He oc 11 1 I llr g 

c d 1 el 1 rcfe 

1 s tl r lull n e arc ot 1 n L 1 g B r 1 t e cs 
a t h 1 e al PI V a de t ot tl 1 ttle ot 


1 r oi 1 
1 k 

M n 1 u t 1 I fejc t e-s of tl t ufcgle 

I e an tic 1 at 1 ar 1 ut I 1 av see ne 

a u bs n ot the in er cl n ter as so f lly d s 

1 <1 J 114. 

! or 1 nit o tl o t 1 uk tl r e t pa r dnm yi^ 1 ' g 1 
matenal tl ence across j3ib s vollen streani one stormy Saturday lugl t com 

k I 

it tl c i Bank D vie on as tl u g of the past 

Tl c flo 1 e e e tl er dead o ou 1 d tl e b1 nttcred 

rem uut E I llr u n des and vo ed etei al fealty to tl e 

Rep 11 III, de~i e ite hgl t 1st L eutenant Cald ell as shot dead at 
tl e I e d ot li 8 colun u ''d L eutenant Cald veil as vouudcd tl ouy\ tl c 


/?£S or JOHN E.YSTCK, BiariLLctf ScL 


thigh, hnd live hullets through his coat, ami one through his havei-sack. 
l.-t Sergeant Gilger was wouuilcd lln-oiigh the right arm ; he M.ia again 
wmmded at Gettyshiirg (while on the j-tiifl' of Brigadier-General Kiiipe) liy 
a fragment of shell in the' same arm, making him a cripjile for life. Ser- 
geant Jamt^ H, Hhss \vi\s mortally \vonnded, and lived only long euongli to 
regret that lie had no more lives to give to the Union. The hrave Gillinger 
went down, with "three cheerd for the Union" on his lips. Corjioral Shipp 
was terrihly hurt, his shoulder having heen almost shot away. He was cap- 
tured by the enemy and taken to Stannton, where a capital operation was 
performed npon him. Heli%-ed through it; was taken to Libhy Prison, and 
was finally exdiauged. Private Roth had five bnllets in his pereoii ; Private 
Tharp five; Private Arter.five, and Private Werzkowski live. Hnd the 
leaden compliments been more ecjnally distrihuted, company K would not 
have suffered so nuich. The soldiei-s who were not hurt, deserve as much 
credit as those wlio were, for never in the history of the war did men march 
more gallantly into the smoke and flame of battle. Reinforcements having 
arrived, the battle-scarred remnant of Banks' Division marched back to 
their camp ; regiments commanded by captains ; companies by non-commis- 
sioned officers. 

Tlie enemy allowed hut little time for rest TJie result of the fight at 
Cedar Mountain having demonstrated the fact that Lee's eutire army was 
mflvching on AVashington, Pope's column fell back to the line of tlie Rappa- 
hannock. Company K participated in the series of engagements on the 
Rappahannock, ending with the second battle of Bull's Run, August 29th, 
1862. From BnllV Hun to S-uth Mountain, and on to Aiitiefam. At this 
battle the (.■olunm to which companv X wa^ a^-igned, louglit under the 
lamented Mansfield, at the ihmous Unnker Chureh, one of the key-points of 
the light. Here the brave Charies Brandt was killed, aud privatt-sEpIer and 
Barinoske wounded, the latter losing his arm. From Antietam to Maryland 
heights, where the command was reoi-gnnized and assigned to the Twelfth 
Army Corps — Major General Slocum. About two months in camp, doing 
onlv the routine dutv that pertains to all camps whether of iu'^truotiou or of 

r ff H 

strain! of fire into the faces of the foe. T- ih'- -^trnng position of-npind by 
the command, can be attributed the fa<;! that ^■.mipMiiv K diil in.i ]■.-<.■ a 
man killed, in all the three days' figlit- T..«:n,l rvnuML- ..r ih./ .rmnd 
days' battle, the command was withdraw]! In. IK ilirir ]>ii-itiiii\ and ^mi to 
reinforce the extreme left. As the enemy had been rupnlsod, they were not 
put into action, but were ordered to occupy their fii-st position. During 
their absence, the enemy had pushed his skirmishei's into the position occu- 
pied by the Brigade, and Inid not darkness made his movements very cautious, 
the result of the battle might have been vastly ditFercnt. It was'only after 
a severe struggle in the early murning of the ;?d, that he was dislodged, and 
forced to yield the advantages he had gained by their withdrawal. When 
the grand assault on the centre was made, in tlie afternoon of the 3d, the 
command (a thin skirmish-lino having been left to occupy the barricades 
which had been hastily thrown up) was sent to reinforce the Second Corps, 
and occupied a position to the left of the " cemetery." Their servdcea not 
having been needed, they remained in this position until the shattered rem- 
nant of Longstreet's coUinin, flying from the field, proclaimed that the battle 
of Gettysburg was fought and won. 

The morning of the 4th of July found the command back in their oripnal 
position. After burying the rebel dead, in their immediate front, a recon- 
noissance was ordered around and through Gettysburg, company K occu- 
pying the right of the line, . From Gettysburg back again to Littlestown, 
through Frederick City, across the South Mountiiin at Crampton's Ftv^, over 
the Held of Antietam, when the column closed up >.n the left of the Army of 
the Potomac, near St. Janice' College, in frnnt of William:^port, Maryland. 
Lee having efiected his retreat aeross the river at '■Falling ■\Vatei-s,'' and at 
Williamsport, the command marched to Sandy Hook, oi>posite Harper's 
Ferry, where it rested a few days. Thence across the Potomac and Shenan- 
doah Rivers, at Harper's Ferry, through Thoroughfare Gap to A\'arrentou 
Junction, and on to Kelly's ford, ou the Rappahanock. Here the enemy 
was found iu possession of the south bank of the river. Bivouacked for the 
night and in the early morning pushed the enemy from the ford and crossed 



r D T 

g Ij g 
as&ailed by the enemy in heavy ioice, the 

and his rough iidei-s hnd letieated aud lecrossed the reuneasee, T 


Shelbyville to Declierd, where tlie Forty-sixth regiment was stationed during 
the Winter of 1863. Scouting and pioWt duty, wifli nf^jisinnal incursions into 
the country, in search of the guerilla Imiuls tluit infl-sicii thf^trip of territory 
lyiny between the Tenne-^see and ilie Elk Kivi-rs. iw.uU- ihe Winter months 
pass rapidly. Bnt when tlie grass iH^gan tugnnv iu iIji' Spring, the command 
was ordered to be in readiness lor a I'orward movement. 

Genera] Sherman, having been assigned to the command of the "military 
di\-ision of the Mississippi," after the battle of Chattanooga, bad determined 
on a campaign agfiinst Atlanta, tlie great railroad centre, and one of tlie 
chief iniinutactiiriug cities of (be South. At Atlanta, were cast the shot 
and .shell, and tbe plating for gnnhoats, forged for a great portion of the 
armies and navy of the Confederacy. 

The orders were to rendezvous at Chattanooga ; , therefore, about tbe 30th of 
April, the camp wad "strnek," and tbe line of march taken up for Chut^ 
tanooga. Across tbe CuinlK-rlaiid Mountains, that giant chain which bisects 
Tennessee, and on to Bridgepurl ; tlieiic-e to Sbellmound, to Wanbatcbie— 
the scene of Geary's desjit-ratc- night encounter with Longst reel— round tbe 
point .il' ■■ Eii.ik..ut," au.! ih.'Ui',- tu Chattanooga. From Cbattauooga, on 
tbe Olli ..!■ May. LsiU, In-.-an liir L-rand campaign wbicli culminated in tbe 
cjiptiMv nf Atkuita, that gn-iit iir.-eual of tbe SouHiem Confedercy, At a 
terrible en-i, however, fur aiuiuig the gorges of tbe mountains of nor tbe rn 
Georgia ^k-ej) in death uuuiy ol' ihe bravest and best of the young men of 
the N.irlb. The Twelfth Corps was deflected from Daltou, and debouched 
from Snake Creek Gap on ihc VUh of Mav, and took position on the left, 
closing well in t^iward the Tilt.m road, which leads from Dalton to Resnea. 
The \Ai\, ^^■■A- -proi in skirmishing for position, but at nighttiill, the Fourth 
Army i nrp.-, ( ;. ik-idI Huward, having aske.1 lor reintorccments, the Firat 
division, l^^iieral A. S. Williams, was hurried to their assistance, and ariived 
in time to drive Imek the eh<'niy, wlm had ueiirly turned Howard's flank. 
The fight was shuri, -!i;ir|i, ;iiiil lieri.-^ivc, and tbe -wearied troops bivouacked 

1 tbe fi 

1 the 

About noi.n nf tln^ l-Jth i.fMay. Sunday, oiden; came to" fall in." From 
the ridge, wliieii they had taken (he night betVjre, the Forty-sLsth marched 
to an open space on tbe road. Tjie regiment was Ibrmed in columns of divi- 
sions, en »i«wt, company K, being tbe right of tbe First divbiou, and in tbe 
extreme advance. Tbey were onlcred to charge down tbe Tilton road, and 
take a battery, which was annoying our troops, and right gallantly did they 
respond to the call, taking the charging step as handsomely as if on parade. 
They bad reached au angle in the road, and were pushing forward rapidly, 
when a fire fiom the flank caused a change in tbe order; tbe column was 
deployed, front changed, and over a wooded slope tbe brigiide charged, driv. 
ing the enemy before them in handsome style. All day long tbe men fought 
magnificently, and when night bid tbe combatants, the battle of Resaca had 
been fought and ivou by the Nationals. 

The wearied soldiers thrc^v themselves upon tbe ground to seek a few 
honi-a of niueb needed repose. Tbe stais came out in the sky, and shone 
peacefully upon the soldiers, living and dead, upon friend and foe. With 
their faces upturned i.. tbe sky. lay the broken and bruised forms of hun- 
dreds, who, in the Hii^li -A' ymnii; manhood, had that pleasant May after- 
noon, tlnng them-elvi-s iipnrj thr enemy's work.^?. The enemy gave us a 
parting fusillade about inidni;.'ht, and then precipitately fled, leaving their 
dead and many wounded in our bands. 

In the battle of Resaui, company K did not suffer much, as the position 
was on the top of a ridge, and was superior to that of tbe enemy. The 
only casualties were several men slightly wounded. 

Private Joseph MeCarty had a narrow escape, a rifle-ball having passed 
through his waist-belt, tbrongh eight thicknesses of his rubber blanket, and 
finally, flattening on his coat button. The ball did not penetrate the skin, and 
he fought all through the engagement. Alter burying the dead, and caring tor 
the wounded, the commnnd pressed on across tbe Ostenaula and Coosawattie 

rivei-s, in close pursuit of Johnsim, and in the afternoon of the came upon 

the enemy in battle array at Cawvillc. Tbe enemy had intended to give battle. 
hut during the uigbt, fell haik ;nr..- the Eluwali. and took position in the 
wooded country aboutAllaliMitj;i I\i-.,X.u IlnpeChurch and Dallas. Ashort 
halt was made here, to allnu -ii|.|.lie- i.. I,.- lirMught forward, as well as to 
allow the men the rest ili..\ -■ n.n. I |..|; ;i,- tliey had been marching. 

Forty-six regiment, in the c 

W ilh^in,-' ,li\i-inii nr ihe iiuw Twentieth 
e direction nf Dallas, company K, of the 
i advance, as skirmishers. Tbe commaud 


tbe column hurriedly retraced it.s steps, Wlini near t\u- luid-e, which 
spanned Pumpkin-Vine Creek, tbe order for the retrograde iuuveinoiit was 
fully explained. 

Ai'tillerj' was planted, covering the bridge, and over it at a run went tbe 
gallant fellows, though wearied through the exertions of the morning. 
While reconnoitering on the western side of the bridge. General Hooker had 
suddenly come upon tbe enemy iu force, near tbe New Hope Church. Using 
his escort, he kept tbe enemy at bay until General Gray's division could be 
brought up. They passed the bridge, and engaged the enemy, but finding 
him in heavy force, they took position until tbe division of Williams could 
be brought u]). The strange coincidence occurred here which has often 
occurred in ivooded countries, where tbe opposing commandei-s are not well 
informed as to the topography: Johnson was manceuvriug for position at 
the same time that Sherman was making his movement on Dallas, tbe objective 
of tbe latter being the Allatooua Pass, a strong defensive position, through 
which ran tbe railroad from CbatUinooga to Atlanta. The First Divbion 
wiis at once deployed, the Forty-Sixth Regiment going in on the right of 
tbe First Brigade. AVith lines well dressed, and ranks -well closed up, tbe 
column advanced rapidly, driving tbe enemy's skirmishers, and soon came 
upon tbe main body, strongly entrenched, occupying a strong natural posi- 
tion, with artillery well posted and supported. When well up to the enemy's 
works, a terrible storm of grape and canister, shell and slirapuel, was poured 
on the advancing column, which caused them to halt. Again and again the 
attempt was made to cai-ry tbe enemy's jiosition, but as often was it repulsed, 

a the battered 

and when ni 
hivouacked a short distance to t 
maintained during the afternooi 
it was impossible to bring artil 
artillery entrenched, and in goo' 
By the explosion of a shell 

;olumn was relieved by fresh troops, j 
■ear of the position they bad so gallantly 
From tbe position occupied by our troops, 
■ into action, while the enemy, with his 
isitious, opened great gaps in our lines. 
the lines of company K, 2d Lieutenant 

John W. Phillips was killed, tbe lefl side of his head being shot a 
Lieutenant Jacob B. Getter was severely \vounded in the leg by a grape-shot 
or a fi-agment of shell, and Corporal John Raup had both legs carried away 
by a grape-shot. Always heroic in action, he was doubly a hero in this fight ; 
for though terribly hurt, he urged bis comrades to leave him where be fell, 
and avenge liim. Brave fellow; death put an end to bis sufleriugs, and he 
sleeps side by side with the gallant Lieutenant Phillips, on that Georgia bill- 
side. Comrades iu life, they were not separated in death. Private Elias 
Maurer was wounded sevei-ely; others slightly. Tbe brave Corporal John 
Medlycott, though sufiering from a severe wound in the arm, received at 
Resaca, came iuto the fight when tbe battle was raging the fiercest, and 
although remonstrated with, and requested to go to the rear, laughingly re- 
plied " that he wanted to see what was going on." His oivn gun having been 
turned over to the ordnance officer, (as he was unable to carry it,) he took a 
musket from a rebel prisoner, and used it until the close of the engagement. 
This is an illustration of pluck: After the withdrawal of the command from 
the ti-ont, line was formed and the roll called. After, a battle, this is always 
a sad duty. Familiar forms are mi.ssiug; comrades who have stood shoulder 
to shouldei- on many hard-fought fields, -who have felt that touch of the elbow 
which has nerved tliem in many a desjierate conflict, are now sleeping the 
sleep that knows no waking, or are stretched on beds of suffering iu the 
hastily improvised hospitals. As if to wipe out all traces of the conflict, all 
the blood-stains which crimsoned mother earth, who was about to take back 
again to her bosom her dead ones, slain in freedom's holy cause, the rain fell 
steadily during tbe night succeeding the battle. "New Hope Church" had 
passed into history ; on tbe wings of the death-angel had passed to tlie good 
Father tbe spirits of patriots, as true as ever died for Liberty. 

The battle was not renewed iu the morning, though all was in readiness, 
and the armies, National and Confederate, contented themselves with w-atch- 
ing each other. This state of afiairs continued for several days, when the 
Twentieth Corps swung to the left toward the railroad. Communication 
vitb tbe rear having been establi.-ihcd, the command again moved forward, 
skirmishing continually, sometimes iitr into the night. During this memora- 
ble campaign, the men slept on their arms every uigbt, ready for anything 
that might nccar, as the country was mountainous and densely wooded, and 


On tbe 22d i>f June, when turiung " Kenesaw," and tiding to fiud the lefl 
flank of the foe, the Fh^t Division of tbe Twentieth Corps encountered 
Stewart's Division, of Wood's Corps, on the Powder Springs road, near 


tl,0 K.,1,, Hoiivc ri,t battle «as a sharp, and .0 ia, as the Nat,„„als ,vcro 
iraucincl a kn ni ,„a rhi ta.m, l,ft ],„ dead ai,d mam „t hi, 
-"-.1. 1 ... .1.. I.dl Tla battle I Ih, Kulp II „ , ,e,„lte<l „„, „„|, ,„ 

'"'"" ""'. I' .."... I...tit, .nrelkltlKi,u„at,ou,t KiDe.n» atul 

Mniietta tail all the . uiiti\ iioitii ( t tin f I. . ....].,. ,i . i 

la'iii. (1 iia LliittalardiLe lad ga\e lis the 

railroad Tlit lailroad i\ is uui ci ickti liae ami as tiu old is 

says that ail aran laauhis iii its lirll, il.,s,. „ ii . . r , " 

-. iiiiiuiiHs 111 us iicii^ this Ha.s all inipoitaiit Iviilns 

form 01 Kn IIS hoii L Has aa easT .winr. ir,. .1 . XT . i. . 

J iimi I- iwis aa eas^ Mttors Icr tlic Naticml troops ai the 

enemy came out of his entiendinicnts, and „„a the allaclin,j pait, The 
ioilj' sixth regiment oieupieil a small cle%ation in inll mo» of the rebel 
lines Iho) snppoitedWootlberrysBattei-jM.lstNoM York Arlilleri Uie 
gnns being placed at ,nte,>nlB in the Ime llins allowing the infantij an op 
poiunih of filing Compan, K „a, n the , 1^1,, „1 the Ime eonnec Jg 
Hith the One Hundred and Tiltictli hcM "i ik ii laitat 

The rebels ,d,„„eed to the atta k „.i il ti„K \u magmfieent order, but 
lieieasmanj times lepnlsed and fiiiill, „,thli « I„ this battle Pniate 
William Jones ,>ns killed fno days befoie June JOlh, Pmate Zautoler 
ivns shot dead while in the act of pouring water on Captain Caldwell s hands 
Alimys thougbtlul of olliera, his last act „ns one of kindness. Peace to I is 

From Maoetta, across the Chattahoochee, and on to "Pcaeh-trce Cieek 
Hood, having siieceeded Johnson in command of the Confedemtes attacked 
the Iwcntieth Corps, while making the pa.>,(iige of the Peach-tree Cieck on 
the 20th of July. He a.ssaulled vigorously, expecting no doubt to catch the 
command in the "air," but be was sadly mistaken. To quote his own words 
he says, "I attacked the enemy while making the passage of Pelcli tree 
Creek, hoping by a vigorous a.ssanlt to break his lines, separate hi. columns 
auci heat him in detail." He also says, that instead of finding the column 
in the confiision incident to the crossing of a stream, whose banks »eie as 
marshy as those of Peach-tree Creek, "I ibnnd thei^e, fat'the'pomt of at 
tack,) the veteran Twentieth Army Corps from the Potomac." 

The battle raged fiercely all that hot July afternoon, and when darkness 
fell upon the scene, what «-ere not kiUed or wounded of that arrogant band 
rto ivere ■■going to drive the Yankees into the river," were seeking safety 
■n (^ight. General Sherman says that it was one of the best contested bnltles 
of the war The enemy was driven behind bis inner defenses, and thesecond 
day after the battle, Sherman drew his lines of investment around Atlanta 
The goal was in sight, but at a fearful cost. At Peitch-tree Creek the 
Iwenlieth Corps lostnboutonetbonsnndsi.^ hundred raen,killedand»ounded 
Ihe Jiorty-sixth regiment suflljred very severely. The following iicie the 
casualties m company K: 1st Sergeant Alderaon, severely wounded m 
frying to get to the rear, he was captured by the enemy, and alierwaids taken 
to Andcrsonville, whence he was finally exchanged, and rejoined his comr any 
at Enleigh, Isorlh Caroliaa. Private Brady lost a leg; the gallant Medh 
cott, before mentioned, was mortally wounded, and died at NasluiUe .oon 
afterward; Sergeant Jo.seph Long was killed; Privates Kerlin and Dali were 
killed ; Private Baker killed, and Privates Derk and othe,,, slightly w oiiuded 
In battle, the proportion of killed is about one to five woundeii; heic the 
conditmns were reversed. During the siege of Atlanta, Private Wilb rm H 
Llebig was killed on the advance picket-line, and Private .Samuel W Clay 
toger wounded by a fragment of shell. In all the operatioas around 
Atlanta, company K did its full duty, and wim one of the fii,t companies to 
enter the captured stronghold. 

During the occupation of Atlanta, the command indulged in a general 
re, , making up for its hardships and privations during the campaign which 
had eulmmate, iu the capture of the ■■gate city" of the South. Company K 
accompanied Sherman in his magnificent march from ■■Allnnla to the ,Sea" 
shariog in its fatigues-rejoicing iu its brilliant success. In the brilliant 
and arduous campaign through the Carolinas, it bore its share of duty, always 
occnpying the post of liouor, ■■ the right of the regiment." It participated fn 
he battles of Averysboro, March Ifith, 188.5, and Bcntonville, March 10th. 
In the former battle. Sergeant August Shensel was wounded. The sergeant 
was always loud ot smoking, and if a battle lasted too long to allow him to 
ndulge in Ins lavorite pastime, he would denounce the rebels roundly, and 
b ai,e away more energetically than ever. At Averysboro, a bullet struck 
mm in the arm, and he was disabled temporarily. He did not lose his ,dj. 
fomami nor Ins pi,,,, but, shouldering his musket, ho marched leisurely to 
tne rear, as though nothing out of the ordinary routine had occurred. 

From Bentonvillo to Goldsboro, where the command refitted, men the 
head of column marched down the principal street of Goldsboro, in columns 
ol comnan,™ ,„ .cmV-review. to do honor to their chief-the gallant Sher- 

man one of his staffofficei* remarked "Very dirty, but covered with 
nly So iai as the diH wa. conoeriied, it was literally true; histoiT has 
taken care ul the rest 

A w ird in pas=mg H id General Sherman been unsucccssihl in his cam- 
pai Ml flora Atlanta to the Va and agam, iu his Carolina campaign, the 
militai) Clitics— so called— woul I haie .aid: "I told you so." Since helms 
successlul he is the lieio of the h„nr, .0 prone are we to judge by remll,. 
rather than In thejios iMdc. of icsnlts 

The column had iiachcd Gold boio allei aeampaignwhich hasnopamllel 
in modem welfare The Spring campaiga was about to open. Grant 
against Lee Sherman against J. husoa The army of the Mississippi knew 
that Johnson could not sucic»hill) hght Ihtm, having fought hiiii all the way 
down fiom his monnlaiu fastnesses in Tennessee and north Georgia, and mi 
catfally too but thc\ feared, a long campaign, should Lee elude Gmnt 
Trained to discipline thei patiently awaited developments, and when on the 
afteinoon of the 7th of Aprd 1805 came the news that Grant has carried 
the defenses of Hichniond, such a shout went up as soldieis only knew hgw 

The next day, April 8th, all the columns were in moHon in pursuit of 
John on At Smithfield, on the Neuse River, on the morning of the 9th of 
Apnl cmie the news that Lee had surrendered the ■■j\jmy of Northern 
Virginm to Grant. Across the Neuse and on to Ealcigb. A bait of a tew 
la, mil again in purenit of Johnson, who finally surrendered to his old 

Fi n Raleigh the command ninrclicd to Washington, via Richmond, and 
participated in the grand review at Washingtmi, May 24th, 181)5. The war 
had ended The L'ai'im for which they had fought so long and so well was 
^ved On the 24tli of July, 18G,5, company K of the F„rt,-sixth regiment 
Peun^yhania Veteran Volunteers ceaswl to exist. They had fought the 
hght of fleedom ; they had kept the faith, and were hereafter to be enr»lled 
among the ] itriots wi„„ in all ages have given their lives for enlarged liber, 
ties foi tl c people. In a ,niV;(a,-} point of view, company K ccMed to exist 
on the 24th of July, 1865 ; but so long ,» valor has a wcmhiper, their deeds 
will be lemeinbered; so long as patriotism shall be a cardinal virtue in the 
bieasts of American Ireemeu, their names will be enshiined in the henrts of 
a grateful posterity. 

Participants in some of the most desperate struggles of the war, they have 
iwitten the story of their valor on twenty-six battle-fields. The men of 
compaii) K have fallen by the river, by the mountain and the sea, but they 

It died i 

II has been truly said, that ■■the memory of our dead, is their noblest 
monument By the Shenandoah's stream, on the snniiv slopes of CWnr 
Moimtaiu in the green fields of Maryland, in the valley nf the Tennessee 
b) the Allatoona Piuss, in the shadow of Keiicsaw, anil down where the 
waves of the Savannah meet the sea, are lying the remains of gallant spirits 
of company K. They sliall never be forgotten, so long as any of their eom- 
radis ai« above ground. Peace to tlicn- ashes! May the recollection of 
then deeds be an uispirntion, and our thought of them, in the coming years, 
be that of lo\e, and love for tlie cause for which they died. 

Daniel G. .Startzcl, William H. Slenkor, Peter G. Zimmerman, Samuel 
Clark, Isaac N. Robinsou, John Duncan, Joseph Jaggere, William J Mc- 
Dowell, Charles W. Mittler, .Jacob IV. Hesson. 

Captain .Stronse, liavnig been promoted to major, of the Forty-sixth regi- 
ment, 2d Lieutenant Caldwell was promoted to the captaincy of coiupauy 
K. Major Strouse was killed at C'haucellorevillc. In his fall, the natioii 
lost one of its noblest defenders. 

3tHk Hegimeitt — Company K. 

Major, H. C. Harper; Captain, A. R. Fiskc; 1st Licntonnnt, J. M. John- 
2d Lieuteuaut, J. A. Shiff. 

1st Sergeant, E. B. Rhodes; 2d Sergeant, John Harris; 3d Sergeant, 
Ferd. Rhodes; 4th Sergeant, John McEUcc; 6th Sergeantj M. SlioU. 


TD dCmH Cravlnr 

l» J B 6 

hCop D E d8h pm 

P K 


b Ti 

B te bend S 

B d J KB 

mp Cb ca 

C E 

mea D H 

n r H 

K G 

g L H W 

J p L K 

d H S ar Kea 

J KAghPH.PbGgff 

DaviJ Sliill". 
' In oilier Comj)anies and Segiinejils. 

William /Ulcii, Dauiel 13ower, Wimain Ballmv, George Fredericks, 
David Gass, E«ubeii Kreeger, William Kreeger, William OsmuD, Dr. 0. 
Robins, H. A. Shissler, Frank Reed, Godfrey Scheenian, William Worrell, 
Wesley Van Gosken. 

The first religious ?ei 
the Methodist denoinii 

Porter came in Itibb, ami romniued tliree yeare. Tlie uhurcli under .his 
charge. flourished in nnmhers. He was greatly beloved, by all, and hia de- 

ere conducted by ti 
-c-iir 1837, a Rev 

preacher of 
Ml". Brown, 

.■Imnced t 

i> come 

to Shaniokiu. 


. 11 full house, among 

.■liiss wius soon afkr- 

„'tJ„i- \l 


S. S. Bird 

ph Bird, 1 


on Bii-d, and 

\\asieo]]cnel, aft o g P -^ J 

■ two hundred dollars was made on this occasion. There iire^uiue classes in 
the church. 

The trustees are : D. S. Jliller, Isaac May, Sr., John J. AVaguer, A. A. 
Heiu, Robert Goodwill, and Withiugtou Lake. 

There are three hundred and sixty full members, and seventy probationers ; 
making in all four hundred and thirty members. Valuation of church 
property, twelve thousand dollars. 

s displayed, 

This Sunday-school was started about 1858. Previous, it had been a part 
of the TJuiou Sunday-school. The first superintendent was Rev. Pemberton 
Bird. After the erection of the church edifice the school became very large, 
and was looked upon us a model school. For several yfefits.jlie school was 
under the charge of F. A. Clark. At this time, great 
and old and young took part in the exercises. 

The present superintendent is Mr. R. T. Owen, ar 
who brings with him in the Sundny-bdiuol room the knowledge r,f gdveroiug 
and teaching, lliat he acquired in the public -choob. The bcliuo! i.- regarded 
as one of the best in the town. Number of scholars, four hundred and 
thirty-six; number of teachei-s, fifty; number of volumes in library, eight 
'bundled and Iburteen. 


The lii-st services of the Presbyterian Church were held about 1844, by 
Rev. James J. Hamilton, in the Central school-house. The method of 
making this appointment was somewhat novel. 


^sr; ^ * f, 



(.elt^lll dai.tlie good people 

tion ot I 

1 til 11 ittentiou attracted by 


1 1 the e «treetfa '^yiug 


1 1 liuii A large num 


M \[i IIimiltoii,ind he was 


c r 1 

1 aftei j,ieat effoit succeeded, 

askt ! 1 

1 bj thi« denoniiufttion Mr 

and \ 

pews \\tre put m b\ JoiinsL 

cliu, 1 

th 1S4> b) Rc% -WdhnuiR 


i]ipoiiiti.(l b\ tbL Xnitbiimbei 

Gib 1 1 

1 L lititc cn( tel in Miiiiiiukui 

bull bn 




liimiltou and Eb^abLtb Reppaid 

uoiigiegatioii until lH:)f) wben lie le- 

1 \\ i tbtn snppbed ■nitb pieacbei foi 

I I luuLh Re\ DiMd HiU «uc 

II ^(.lln Ke\ All Ban 

i 1 a^ pa toi and contmucd in 

I iti 1. until JuU IS^t) wllLQ 


H 1 

In 1S< \ t tiled a-s the iL^rulai pa^toi During this 

tiineliLl I I \\LllftKot tbctottn He edited the iTeiaW 

for '•oiiiL 1 I I It t tiie scbrolbjiid took a gieat inteie&t 

in theLvLLiii n I i I i iil I Imii lH »itli all the leading mo\ciiients of the 
times In Juuu Itifa'J he ic-igued ntlei -jei \ nig eight ■\ car- ts pastei 

Ml Ha\\n was suLteeded bj Re\ J P Conkej une oftheableatpieachGra 
that e\ci lesided at Sbnmokin Mi Conker remained about two year", 
andMT<t<jllo«ed b> Ru\ Mi Dewing \ih icniainul one >eai 

In Apiil 1S72 thtRc\ S P Liun .it Philadelphn was called to take 
chaige «hn icmaiiieil about tHO}Lai Aftei a\acauc^ of ^ome months, 
dniiiig \^hteh time the pulpit \\ as hlled b\ pieatheis from other chuiches, 
the Re \ A C Claike was called and lustalled in June 1874 

Ml Cliiikeenteied upon hif> duties under «ome difficulties ot a very dis 
couragmg nature, but, bj umforni courtes) and a persistent effort to do 
right, he has succeeded, in a great degree, in building up the broken-dowTi 
walls. Mr. Clarke is a good speaker, who closely devotes his energies to his 
great cnlling. He tlcserves the success he has achieved. 

The church editice is a neat frame building, located in the central part of 
the town, on Suubuiy street. It will accommodate about four hundred 
people. The present mcnibei-^hip numbers two hundred and ninety. The 
elders are Alexander Fulton, George H. Liebig, and John James. 

Oil the dissolution of the Union 8uuday-3cliool, in 1854, the Presbyterian 
Sun day-school was organized. Dr. AVilliani Atwater was the first superin- 
tendent. A large number of scholars were iu attcudauee from the beginning. 
It is now one of the best regulated p-chools iu town. The present superin- 
tendent is George H. Liebig. Number of scliolai-s, two hundred and twenty- 
five; tCRchei'S, twenty; volumes in library, eight hundred. 

Rev. Rowland H. Biwi., i.;i:tur of ih^ clmich at Lowiiibiirg, hM tbu 6^y 
vices of the Episcopal Church in the Presbyteriau Cliuich, On tlic day 
following, the clergyman met several gentlemeu fiivorable to the organlza- 

liurch in the town Tlie result of the conference was the deter 

bejm thi enler|»ri"e it on e Af the rcqut^-t ot Ile\ "Mr Brown, 

\\ Munn re t I It buub in Pluladelphm M.iUd slmmikin . n 

Min Tiid .(hnatedtwRL The^c-tr\ whith had b(u. pic\i.iu«h 

1 III . t I I III 1 H Hen tun R B Dout\ Tohii H Dewee- 

I I I \t \Lnin.r and among other matter^, 

I 1 ](- lectoivhip During thefeummer 

I II b. Id m the Presbyterian and Welsh 

M I I I '^liun and other= 

I ^ I I will pted and a contract awarded to J B 

il I I I I Injil llie oiiginal plan contemplated a small 

at ijf bundled and fifh per-ons) upon lots 

li h 

made until i 


I{e\ Shimi, 

At Ciiii--LiiiiL. a laii was held b\ the ladieo m Rorers building which 
ieali7ed about eight hundred dollaiv for the church 

On Tniinai\ 12tb ISljd the Re\ Mr bhinn entered upon his dutieo as 
rectei ir III II iM III tbL Central =chool house to Ma> 6th 

TbL iiu ti L 1 i| I Ih ipproaching completion when on the mormng 
of "^iiii 1 1\ \| I Hi I iiirious gale of wind blew it do\7n, wnth great 

M ■ 


t Kaa' 

^li "^li II i\ tu and t dented min and everted a marked m 

flueiii 1 111 ( I) III 111 report ol the hr-t j ear s work he enumerates 

thetdl \ 1 iL I Ilk On \eai igo there were five communicant;., theie are 
now tw 1 1\ In I i| ti Ml III been administered to eighteen children and 
two uliilt- pill lie Lr\iee baa been held one bundled and thirty tunes 
thutj families are eonuLcted with the church The Siindnj school numbei-s 
flfl^ ebildien and •■e\en teacheia 

Anuiniitot m )up> c\peii ted the fir^t ■\ear Lo=s by destruction ot church, 
three tb ii in I i Iiu rcfli not chapel one thou and h\e hundred dol 
lara w k il it ll I III I three bundled dollar- oigan ninety dollars 
Suiiibn ll 1 ll II \ I llii -nlan ot leetoi eight hunched and ninety 
h\e d< II II ll LH I \t n htt\ dolUio incidentals two hundred dollaiv 
Total SIX tiuiu-im I ml ivt\ hx e lollii^ 

Pebniaij lUtli IM 7 — Mi Hiinn leaigued his rectorship 

Pebruarj 17th lMi7 — li,e\ I Iscwton Spear ot Alto on a, officiates, and 
accepted a call coinmeueing March 17th During this Sprmg, the chapel 
walls were papered nnd the backs ot the seats impro\ed Expense, one 
himcbed and thiit} tlollars 

June 1867 — Owing to the depre&=ed condition of the parish finances, 
application was made to the Diocese for aid, which was granted for 1808, 

Mr, Spear, liaviug resigned in 1868, was succeeded by Mr. Rev. J. H. H. 
Millet, who was succeeded by Rev. F. M. Bird, in 1869 ; who was ibllowed 
by Rev. A. H. Boyd, in 1871, who remained about a year. 

Durujg 1872.— Prom this time to 187o, services were frequently held by 
tlie rector from the old parrisli. 

On Thursday, October 28th, 1875, the vestrj- extended ti call to tlie Rev. 
Samuel S. Chevei^ to take the rectorship, and he entered ou his duties at 

Duriug the Summer of 1876. the chapel was enlai'ged by the addition of 
twenty-five feet, nnd the interior was pretty generally remodeled at an ex- 
pense of about six hundred dollars. 

Under the charge of the present rector, Mr. Wright, who is a very active 
and popular gentlemen, the church is increasing in nnmbei-s, and it does 
seem as (/ the days of her vicmitude^ had passed. 

This school was organized in 1866, by Rev. George W. Shinn, who ae 
IS fii-at superinteueleut. 
The present superintendent is AV. C. Ricliai'dsou. 
Number of scholars iu attendauce, fifty ; number of teachers, eight. 
The school is prosperous. 


cnninieiiced with fair prospects and a full congregation of 
it at tlini.'tnl tf two years, a nuinbor of the members leaving 

ii.iiiL-li ill. . lliiiis of Rev. A. B. Still, a Baptist church and 

riMr;:;iin/,.j|. The dinrdi nuinliered thirty-three members, 

'lit hit.. ;i imiiirli-. wluMi tbi' rfllirf \v;i- :lb:indoued. 

Ill \\:\- iiiL-iini/. li in \!-7'\ wiili .Inlni W. Gillespie as super- 

-'■lnn.l ri,ii-.i~ir,l i>r icii ir^nliriv niiil x'ventv-five sfliolai-s. 

f tlie church. 

! for ! 

There ivere members of the ETangelical Association, living at Shamokin, 
as ciuly OS 1842. They had preaching occasionally by minister from other 
places, until about 1854, when a regular appointment was made here, which 
was served witli Mahantoiigo circuit. Duruig tliis ]»eriofl, ser\-iees were held 
in the. Central school-house, and sometimes in priviite houses and awhile in 
the United Brethren fhurch. In Sprinfr of l«(i7, it was ibmed into n mis- 
sion with Trevnrtun, witii Kev. C. Gingrieb iis jmstor. He preached every 
alternate Sabbiilb. In 1K(;0, Rev. S. S. Cliiibb, wa,-^ appointed pastor. 
During bis adiiiiui-inuin]!, ib,.. rbuich iln'V iiniv ni'.iipy wns erPcted. It is 
a handsome thttu.' -ii-iiinn-,-, .,], \Vi-,-t Sinilmry -ir. .t. Tbe membership in- 
creasing coa^^iib-iMlily. in \>^i 1, it \\a- i(.ii-tiiiif->i ;i iiii--iMiL bv itself, and Rev. 
R. Mott was apiM,inin,| lU,- lii-t iv-iiiai- i,ii>u.t. iliat rL->id"ed in the place. 
He liad two services eiicli Sabbath, German in the i;u-euoon,and English in 
the eveuing. The church debt was paid off, and the society so prospei-ed that 
in the Spriugof 1872, it bscame a self-supporting station, with a memberehip 
of two buncb'cd. 

Mr. Mott was succeeded by Rev. B, J. Snioyer, who served the congrega- 
tion acceptably two years. The church prospered under his labore, unm- 
bering some two hundred and fifty-three membei-s on his retirement. He 
was followed by Rev. W. A. Leopold, the preseut incumbent, who is filling 
out his second year. The church, under the able charge of Mr. Leopold, has 
increased to four hundred and two members, the largest membership in the 
town e-xcept the Catliolic Cliurch. Last year, the church edifice was enlarged 
so as to contain three hundred more. It will now accommodate eight hun- 
dred persons. The trustees are: D. C. Smirk, Daniel Rahn, John Wolf, 
Joseph Kopp, and H. L. Renn. Value of the church property, about seven 
thousand dollars. 

This Bchool was started in 1869, and has prospered to a wonderful degree. 
Number of teachere, forl^'-two ; number of scholars, five hundred and fifty. * 
The pastor is the superintendent. Besides tliis, the church has iliree mission 
schools under its charge, viz. : one at Burnside Collier)-, with fifty scholars ; 
one at Big ilountain, with forty scholars, and one at Springfield, with fifty- 
five scholai^. 

The first services of this denomination were lield by Rev. Samuel Siders, 
about 1850- During this year the church was organized, with Rev, Jacob 
Breuer as pastor. The original trustees were: Jeremiah Zimmerman, S. S. 
Bird, George Kreiger, H. Hogey. The following are the several pastots 
that liave served this church : Jacob Breuer, James Young, Israel Carpenter, 
George Hoffman, George Gilbert, P. L. Zimmerman, AV. Deitrich, A. F. 
Yeager, J. Swenk, G. W. Miles Rigor, G. A. Snapp, J. P. Long, G. A. Lee, 
W. B. Evcrs. J. F. Mower. J. R. Reitzle, .J. D. Kiiian, Rev. Brmckly, and 
finally, tbe pre-c-nl pastor, Rev. AY. S. H. Keys, D. D., one of the most able 
clergynieu in the Slate. Mr. Keys has acquired consitlerable popularity as 
a puljjit orator and lecturer, and his discourses draw ftiU houses. 

The church is a frame structure, located on Sunbury street, and built in 
IS51, the third church built iu tlie town. During 1870, the church was 
enlarged and renovated. It has a capacity for four hundred persons, and 
is valued at five thousand dollars. The congregation numbers one hundred 
and sixty-one persons. The present trustees are: Josiali F. Bird, Eph. 
AVeimer, John Rudisill, and Dr. Brown. 

The school was organized in 1863, with Mahlon SlioU iis fii-st superin- 
tendent. The school commenced with ten teachers and fitly schohirs. The 
school, at the preseut time, has twenty teachers, one hundred and seventy 
.scholars, and a library of four hundred volumes. The pastor acts as suiier- 

There is no organinatioii of this pei-suasion here, hut, as several families of 
I the residents incline liiward.s that faith, meetings of tliis society are occasion- 
ally held iu the other cliurcbes, with a good attendance. An eftbrt was 
made, at oue time, to build a meeting-honse, but was finally abandoned. 

The membei^ of this denomination held services in Shamokin, for the fii'st 
time, about 1860 ; the meetings were held in Odd Felloivs' Hall. The fii-st 
services iu A\'"els!i were held by the Calvinistic Methodists, by Rev. John 
Moser, iu 1800. At this time, the A\^e!sh, though composed of Baptists, 
Congregational ist.*, and i\Iethodists, all woi^hiped together in their own lan- 
guage. But, as the congregation increased iu numbers, the Congregationalists 
received several lots on the corner of Spurzheim and Rock streets, and in 
1865, erected a small frame church, and had it incorporated as the AVelsh 
Congregational Church of Shamokin, with the following as trustees: John 
D. Lewis, John AA^ Thomas, Isaac Thomas, Seth Francis, Evau Lloyd, with 
Henry C Harris as pastor. They occupied the building about five yeai-s, 
wlien they sold the property to the AV. B. A, of Northumberland County, 
who uow occupy it as their head-quartei-s. It is known as "Union Hall." 

During 1870, they bnilt a small frame church on Grant street, which they 
now occupy. Mr. Harris, the fii-st pastor, labored bard for his chiu:ch. He 
worked in the mines for his support, aud fnlfilled his pastoral duties on the 
Sabbath. He scrve<l his congregation about two years. He afterwards 
joined the Mormons, au.i rmw lives at Salt Lake City. 

After Mr. Harri.^, the cliurcb bad no regular supply until 1875, when the 
Rev. T. DavLs was called to the charge, who now occupies the same, aud 
fills it with great acceptance to his membeiB. He labors zealously for the 
advancement of his church, which is prospering greatly under his ministra- 
tion. He has charge of the church at Mt. Carmel, also, devoting alternate 
Sundays to these churches. 

The present trustees are : Richard Griffith, John Philips, D. H. Morgan, 
Richard Price, aud John Orivurtli. The membership numbers about fifty. 
The church will contain one hundred and seventy-five persons. 

This school was started in 1874, and is now the ouly Welsh Sunday-school 
in Shamokin. First .superintendent, John AV. Thomas ; present superin- 
tendent, John Orwui'th. Number of teachei-s, nine; number of scholai-s, 
seventy-five. No library. 

This congregation built a church on ludepeudencc street, about 1870, aud 
occupied it a few yeara, when most of the members inoving to other places, 
the church was abandoned, and the property ivas sold to Chas. P. Helfeu- 
stcm. AVm. Thomas, of Minersville, was the last pastor, who died suddenly 
in 1872. 

Organized in Shamokin, November 20th, 1871, through the efforts of Rev. 
Daniel Savage. The meetings of the society were held iu the Baptist church, 
on Rock street. 

Names of pei-sons who organized the church: James T. Harris, Thomas 
Lovel, AVilliam Oweiuj, Anthony Smith, Jonathon Tillet, Benjamin Hudson, 
Ellen Hudson, Lizzie Hudson, Thomas James, Job Lovel, and David Tillet. 

The Baptist Church was rented, and used as the place of worship, until 
August, 1875, when they moved to their own building just erected. This is 
a two-story frame building, located on West Chestnut street. It is called a 

The first stationed preacher was Rev. James Millington, who labored some 
nine months, when he ivas succeeded by Rev. E. Humphries, who remained 
here two yeai-s. Mr. Humphries was a popular preacher, aud labored with 
great earnestness, in building up his church. He was succeeded by Rev. 
Francis Gray, who continued until August 20th, 1876, when he resigned, to 
complete his studies at the seminary. He was followed by Kev. Thomas 
Philips, the present pastor. 

Number of members, sixty. 

Organized in 1871. Numberof teachers, twenty; number of schohirs, one 
hundred; Anthony Smith, superintendent. 

A temperance society, numbering seventy-five members, is connected with 
the Sunday-school. 

Jrederfe A. Godclaf-lu 



Among the first settlei-s of Shainokiii, were n nnnilier of poi-sons who eitlier 
"belonged to the Reformed Cliurdi, ov leaned towanls tluit faith. 

A"? fnv ns can bo ascertained, the lii-st services were held in the Central 
schiiiil-lK.nse, nhmit 18.51), by the Rev. Mv. Fisher, i.f Snnbnn', idm, at dif- 
ferent times, held .services here. A Rev. Mt. Ginirrich, from the Mahauoys, 
fre(inently preached also for thi? people. About LSof), tlie Rev. Mr. Hoffman. 
who then had cbari,'e of (he St. Jacob's and St. TctcrV Churchea, in Shamokiii 
to«]i-bip, (irj:ani/.ed ihc St, .Tohn'-; ('inirch, and .-erved about two years as 

Mr. Hollinnn wjus succeeded hy Rev. Mr. Riiteiih.nise, who remained two 
yeni-s, and then rasigned and moved away. 

The church was without a regular pastor for a year or so, when, in April, 
1864, the congregation extended a call to Rev. H. W. W. Hibslimnn, of 
Lancaster, Pa., nhieh was accepted, and Mr. H. at nnee entered his new field 
of labor, Mr. Hih^hman had Just completeil his tlieological studies, and 
commenced his w.irk with j:rGat zeal. The real history of this church begins 
with his ndnistry liere. The .services were held, at lli^t, in the United 
Brethren Church, hut i-non aiter, tlie Reformed and the Lutheran congrega- 
tions fitted up a room in the Odd Fellows' Hall, ami held services there. 
Mr. H. coinmeueeJ at once to prepare for building a elinrch, and the beaiitiftil 
brick edifice, located on Seventh street, was the riwult of his untiring energy. 
The congi-egation was poor, and hence the pastor devif^ed various expedients 
to raise means to erect a building. Faii-s were held ; a scries of lectures, by 
eminent Reformed ministei-s, were given in the JlethndL-t Church, and con- 
tributions were solicited far and near. Work was commenced on the new build- 
ing in 18(i5, and it was completed in 1H67. Daniel Yost was the builder-. 
The church was dedicated May 5th, 18G7. The pastor was assisted by Rev. 
J. H. A. Bomherger, D.D., and uthei-s. In 1868, Mr. H. resigned. For a short 
time, the pulpit was occupied by Rev. Jlr. Losch, when the Rev. C. Scheel 
was called to take the charge, who renmiued about two yeai-s, when the Rev. 
D. W. Kelley succeeded him. Mr. Kelley remained about four years, serving 
■with great acceptjince, \vhen he resigned, to accept a call at Manchester, Md. 

In December, 1874, the Rev. Mr. Shoemaker accepted the pastoral call, 
and is the present pastor. Mr. Shoemaker is doiug a good work in building 
up the congregation. 

The membership numbers tivo hundred and sixty, with accommodation for 
five hundred. 

The present consistory are, Samuel Yost, W. W. Warj', R. S. Aucker, H. 
Swavely, John Martz and J. K. Haas. 

Valuation of church and parsonage, fifteen thousand dollars. 

For ft number of years, the children of the Reformed and Lutheran con- 
gregations formed a Union school, with Solomon Weaver as superintendent. 
The school numbered about one hundred scholai's. When the St. John's 
Church was finished, a Refbimed Sunday-school was organiKcd, hut was not 
a full denominational school until the Rev. Mr. Kelley took charge of the 
congregation, in 1870. The pastor serves as superintendent. The present 
standing of the school is as follows: Number of teachers, twenty; number 
of scholars, two hundred and seventy-five; number of volumes in library, 
five hundred. 

The fii-st Lutheran services were held in the Central school-house, about 
1840, through the exertions of William Fegely, who was reared in this church. 
He sent to Sunbury for the Rev. J. P. Shindle, an eminent preacher in the 
Lutheran Church, to visit Shamokiu occasionally, aud preach to the people. 
Mr. Shiudle complied with the request, and came frequently here, and held 
services. He was a popular speaker, aud his meetings were laigely attended. 
About this time, the Mormons had hccu holding a series of meetings here, 
and had awakened considerable iuteiest in religious matters, and had, in fact, 
gained sevei-al converts. It appeared as thuugh they ndght gain a strong 
foothold here, in the absence of other ■services, and .•■<) the good sense of 
Mr. Fegely led him to procure what lie deemed "sound doctrine" for the 

About 1842, a partial organisation of t!ie church wasmadeby theRev. Mr. 
Allenuiii, who had charge of St. Peter's, and St. Jacob's Churches, in Shamokin 
town:ship. He was followed hy the Rev. iMr. Willard, who served the con- 
gi-egation for some time. But the reid history of the church begins in 1854. 
On October 11th, of that year, the church was fully organized, witli the 

Rev. C. J. Ehrhart as pa;^ 

charge, the congregation prospi ]mI IIimmi- a -aiiL'uine njan, aud ns Shamo- 
kin, at this period, was a vt-M pio-p - ii.un, hi. conceived the plan of 

establishing a Lutheran eolh'i,'^ iit tin- |.nirn He talked and worked until 
he awakened a gi-eat interest in liis enterprise, and commeucod the under- 
taking, and would have succeeded, had it not been for the jealousy of other 
towns that were competing for the school. An account of this work will be 
given elsewhere. Mr. Ehrhart established a select school, which continued 
for several yeai-s, and acquired considerable celebrity. Mr. Ehrhart was 
succeeded by Rev. J. F.Wampole, October 11th, lSo7,who filled the pulpit 
for eight yeara. For tivu yeare, the service.- were held in the Presbyterian 
Church, but in June, 1859, a room in the Odd Feliow.s' Hall was fitted up 
■with seats and pulpit, and u'-ed by them and the Gennan Reform congrega- 
tion. Mr. Wampole was an active worker, and the church greatly prospered. 
During the last year of his mini?try, he commenced making preparations to 
erect a church building. He had taken steps to secure the ground, and had 
adopted plana of building. Mr. Wampole resigned in 18li5, aud was fol- 
lowed by the Rev. J. B. Keller, who commenced at once to carry out the 
building already projected. During the Summer, the ground was cvcavated, 
and on October lOtb, 1865, the comer-stone was laid. On January 20th, 
1867, the basement was first used for worship, and on August 11th, 1867, 
the church was dedicated, and the audience-room was fii-st occupied as a 
place of woi-ship. 

The building was deaigned by C. S. Wetzell, and erected by Jonas L. 
Gilger, of Shamokin. The structui-- i> ol brick, painte.1 and t^anded. It is 
fifty by seventy-five feet, with a toiser nt laie corner, one hundred and 
eighteeu feet high, containing a superior hell. The basement is hvelve feet 
high, and divided into apartments for Sunday-school and lecture rooms. 
The audience-chambei- is twenty feet high, and will seat over five hundred 
persons. It is one of the most haudsome of our church structures. 

In 1869, Mr. Keller resigned, and was succeeded by Rev. J. R.Williams, 
who remained about two years. He was followed by Rev. S. Domei-, a very 
eminent jn-eacher in the Lutheran Church. The congregation prospered 
greatly under his charge. In 1S73, he resigned, to take charge of the princi- 
pal Lutheran Church in Washington. The congregation was now without 
a regular pastor for a short time ; but, in December, 1874, the Rev. H. C. 
Haithcox, of Muncy, was unanimously elected pastor, and fills the position 
at the present time with great acceptance to his people. Number of mem- 
bei-s, tivo hundred and sixty. 

The council consists of D. Y. Gilham, J. J. AV. Schwartz, Daniel Deihier, 
John Dunkelberger, Daniel Zueme, and Reuben Fegely. Valuation of 
church property, fifteen thousand dollar's. 

This school was establbhed soon after the erection of the church, and is 
now in a flourishing condition. The superintendent is D. Y. Gilham. 
Number of teachers, thirty-four; number of scholars, four hundred; number 
of volumes in libraiy, one thousand. 

Before September, 1S6G, uo regular Catholic service was held at Locust 
Gap. Rev. E. Murray, of Danville, who had charge of the place, lived too 
iiir away to pay much attention to this new field of labor. In the month of 
September, 186G, Rev. Joseph Koch came to Shamokin, with the charge of 
Locust Gap in his parish. He set to work immediately, and organized the 
congregation, giving them a reguJai' Sunday attendance. Divine service was 
held every Sunday in the school-house, and no effort was left untried to im- 
prove the moral and spiritual condition of the people. 

In May, 1870, a lot having previously been secured from the coal com- 
pany of the ]ilace, Father Koch began the tbundation of a church, and 
under hi- siiini\ i-i^.n, ihc nmk went on witliout interruption. The building 
is two stmii - hi.rli, ,111(1 lorly-five by seventy lect. The basement is ten feet 
in the clem, and iln- ajipu ^l.^ry thirty feet higji, Tlic fi.llowiug November, 
the bnscmciit-iooiii \\a- Inii-hol, and the congregation and pastor had the 
stttisfaclidu to lca\c for good the small and uncomfortable school-house, and 
hold sen-ice fur the first time in a large aud comfortable basement. 

On the li7th of August, 1871, the church, being completed, was dedicated 
to the service of Almighty God, under the patronage of St. Joseph, by 
Bishop Shanahau, of Harrisburg. 

The cost of the church edifice and furniture amounted to seventy-eight 
hundred dollars. 

The style ff the dum-h Is puro Ri,niiine^. 

lall <k')it, which will he liquidated ns soon as t 
nl" (Muiiiiuuicants exceeds six Imndred, aud 

I aiiiiiil Sunday-school. 
r.iiiilii'L:il Society, uiimberiDg some sixty 

1 of s 

tiily oiiiidrei 

i held i 

the basenieut of the 

■five thousand \...nw 

.call tlip tiiillirnl tn tl 

The ctiiigreinitioii 

c RijTiifinesqui?, ami this architecture has 

I all iis ilciall^. In the heantiliil tower 
luiir ImII-, ^•.r]] liiiiiMoiiized, wei-hing nvcr 
1 -]n ak fvrrv ilav, anil im HuntlayiJ, will 
,■ Lnnl. 
irly two thoiisniul souls, being the largest 


J Shi 


alSW through 


thiti 11 I 111 I I u 1 sijiinJiiiul 11 ki Hit lir-^tbenices^eie 

]idl I 1 1 1 j K 1 11 k oa.b 1 Hill 1S4(I luMiu^tothis, thioughthe 
md II I I I I 1 i the bl Ji.'.i.iihs Chuith oi DanMlle a inw lots 
H r II 1 iiiil^rouud The chujth building wni irceted on the 

- u!li \ \ I I li i !■ lot-- It wab a small tiame building twenty h^ 

tiling i\N till an i lourteen feet liigh unpla^tered, and \cn rude in its 
hnish For tnuily two jears thii congregation had no other place of wor- 
ehip 11 hen the priest from BeumIIc VLsited them to administer the coiisola 

thL II 
hi- no 

I elf 1 

f Ibc 

wa^hild itivhubit wa-11-.ihi.I tn bu^ ii suit ibk ] n ]-fi t\ mi shninokm 
sticet upon which a tcnipoiar\ church ishonld be built until i better struc 
tuic could he erected Cou-eqututlj the ioll(j\nug da> a corner lot -rtas 
secured, for the sura of tbirtj lour hundred dollar- In ;No\ ember, a tem 
porar) church luis put up on the corner lot, and the next Spring it naa 
enlarged, •'O as to accommodate the large congregation of tlie borough and 

In the spring of 1860 an adjoining lot iias purchased for nine hundred 
doUaio iiid a hand'-onic pistonil rc-'idciice a thiee-tori buck building, 
erected upon it at a tost ol eighty fi\ hundred dollara 

T!i ii_ic_ 111 II im t a 1 i i| i Ih in i fen icir that the temporaiy 
<1 1 i 1 1 I I lilt cintimthem ill 

1 I 1 na Kti n oi i new ctiuich 

^ 1 r .t tbt anicunr the Re\ 


)rk \ia' 

The Sunday school connected Mith this chinch, iins oiganized soon aftei 
Tathei Koch assumed the duties ot the paneh It numbei-« upwaids of foui 
hundred cliildien 

Theie Jiie three societies connected wfth the dim ch, undei the supeiMsion 
of the pastor 

St Patrick's Temperance SoLiet> was oigamzed in August, 1867 St 
Patricks Beneficial Society oipa»i7cd in lS7i and a •German Beneficial 

SoLieti, started the same J cm llii i likoM mother society composed 
ol hj}% between the -iges it U\ U n I \ nt ii called the Cadet'- of 
Temperance All these sondi ii n i ll i i liiiij, condition and mil 
piobabh numbei from fiftj to si\lj iji c leh jL{,ani/ation 

In order to -uppl) the Ciitholic children ot the congi elation with a bettei 
religious cducuu.n I 1 11 In) b 1 w i iiu 1 U 1 iili i Kjch m Sep 
tcmher l^li Ibi n M \ n fn -i I i M h lll^ t i M nut St \ in 
cent, New "i Ilk t k I n 1 il h 1 n I u i hutingitwith 

gicat^uctc- It. atiHi l« biiiili I nil filu h In It ib nndei the 
direction of the pa-^toi All biantbcb taught m public aud =elect schools 
including music, aie taught heie Dailj lelif 

The Polish portion of St Edw aid's congregation becoming so numeroufl 
by emigration, that a sepaiation w la deemed ^dM-.ab!L -o m 1870 the> 
formed another congregation called the St stiinL.laus Lhuuh 

In 1S74, Re\ Joseph Ju-kienski was sent h'^ Bishop slmnahaii of Har 
risburg ns pastoi of the cliun h He h nght a pastoral lesidcnec and erected 
a tempoiai\ finme building foi a ibnuli Lot>, weic -ctuied ind woik 
commenced in 1873 on the toimdati m 1 est. necbuith The Allowing is 
a destiiption ot the propo cd bml Im^ The .buieli i-> I < itf imthe coiner 
of Cheirj and Race stieeis md will I aiiict\ tbi i l.\ htii kct to be con 
structed ot stone aud buck IIk t ik w ill will 1 twilic (cct high on 
which will lie 1 brick one ot tw nl\ h\ te t ill bi iii nt loom will be 
hill I \ ixti t m tut ml tin I mil i ar I h an li i . roim will be 
th u t 111 lidliiv nil iw ii\ h\ f t !i,li 11 t " ! will be me 
liniidi I mil 1« iit-\ I \ I I bi^l II liiiliii^will t htii ompkted 
about Lwtnt\ hie th u in I ibllai 

Ihe wi ik on the structuic has been suspended, atlei ibc stone woik was 
completed owing to the bmd times 

On account ot some difficulties oecunmg between the pastoi audapoition 
of his eougiegation he resigned in June, 1876 aud was succeeded In the 
Rev rionan Klonouski, who wdl commence the work as soon as the times 
will admit 

Nuiiibei of communicants fi%e bundled 

in he formed Irom lUi dimen 
ni tect 1 unuiug hack on Web 
side walls tiom the pavement, 
I iiilt with cut stone— a white 
mil abjut one mile finm &ha 

aie thirt} six feet high I li nin 
niountam band stone I mil i] i ih 

The bafccment is ten and a hall feet and the main auditormm, foity two 
feet in the clear 

The tower troni the pavement to the top ol the cross, is two hundred feet 
high There were o\er two thonoand perch ol stone need iii the building 
It is the liirge-.t chOrch edihce md the highest lowei in ISoithintibeilaud 

fhis school IB connected with the St Stanislaus Chuich and numbei-s c 
hundred and foitj scholar- 

Tins oignnization lb connected w itli the church It numbei s eight) memhei 

Fgr manj jean., fehamokin was without a &uitjiblc lesting plate loi the 
dGajJ- Its population was piintipnlh <ompesel ft tho c who wcie in the 
prime ot lik ml 1 lu^ bn il\ ii, i,l I m Imlliii, ip i t wn but little 
attciiti n wi Li\ a t lmiil_i mil But in ill in 1 time a the 

intcimtiit leemiL , pie iii^ th it pi pir j i. m i n I i llii pnipo c wa» 
finall) made 



The first griive-j'nrd in the region, was wimt is imw liimiliarh- kuowu ns 
"Irieh's Grave-ynrd "lacated aliout one mile ca-t urslniiiinUiii nii tlic public 
road leading to Mouut Cumel It cjntiiu I II f low 

and net groiiud eDcIo=ed Ij an oil knee it 1 111 tondi 

tiou It IB uenil) all taken up but i « \trj, \ntliitim)\ jftliegi^es 
are iiot to bt dLslioguished It \\a« Ini I out a slioit tiint aftei the Ee\olu 
tionni) wai bj the Cherrjs the fii^t attlki ot thi 1 l ilit\ sc\ei il of wliom 
are inteuLd theie Tor nian^ jeais ihe people t Shiiniokin who did not 
bui-j at tlie Blue Chuich in Slinniokiu town^ilup oi the Catholic giouuds 
used this as tluii buiialgiouud fhoie has been no inteiuieiit there for 

About 1839 the Cathoht. populati ti o! Miam I lu iiiol i 
if ground in the lower pait oi towi ail nit ictt I i mil 
md eouseciated a buiyingplaee t\.Lliti\ch foi tl ci kii n iii 

ot the citizen ot Shimokm a&.ociated togethei under 

kin Cci itltn C >mpnu^ and eccured i charter fiom 

I ll u elected Willmm H Alar 

1 < I 1 I U-.C C P Ileliensttin Jo epii 

t the b 1 iif,! and belonged 

W iJn 


Ml 1 It 

111! ttl ^1 It- 1 I o I till- c''*- 1 11 liter the piopei 

evpeu e> ate Ic 1 itted is ipplicd t the 1 t-c] lug ot tlic ^lounds in oider ind 
iml mg the iieee ai} inipio\cmcnt^ riieiLi leal out twenty ieie~-enclo ed 

The company luu a house ludlot oeeiipiedbj theaevton \ alueel at fitleen 
bundled dollai'b 

Shnniokin Ccmeterj is beautifully located on rising giound =outh ot 
Academj Hill th it commands ome ot the fiue-t Mcwt rf the surrouuding 
rcgi u Po e'^^td t a hj an Ui \ 11 1 1 \ Hint diaim^t it is 
nellidiptelt tbt puijo e tt t I 111 1 IHul u i t im^, 

ot thelauRuteUkiU i they u I ( 1 11 1 ! t i blueL lul 

ranf,e a\cnu t i eniiage-) hu I p iJ 1 1 I t ia-\ to e\er^ lot 
in the eucloouie A laige numbei jt ncigieeu wtie left to =hed then 
purifjiug uilluenceniound and e>civ efibit wasniade topresei\e thenatuial 
beauty ot the locality 

A numbei ot the lotowneio havo tastefullj d e latei th ii lots and 
eieeted heautitul t mb tenes 'ind monuments lu \ I ll Id The 

filatmteiMLtt 1 theyound wasaehildot AI II -■ I 

The 11 It 1 i^ei-s lie Alevmdti Tul W II II ■\Iii->,halI 

J J John r s IIus K S Auekei E R T it i 1 ^\ Ii M Oiora 

The otfitera aie Picaideut Alexander FuIIod beeietuj J J John 
TreasurLi W H Mar=haU Siipennteudent JohnGej^iit/ 

As the Catholic grave-yard in the town bcfann- lilli <\ up. iW Rev. Joseph 

Koch, during the year 1873, secured tour acn-^ <>l -^ d, .iliiiut one mile 

east of the borough, and adjoining the \illngf ••! S|iiiiJtihi lil, lui a reiiictery. 
He had it ench).<cd at once, and beautifully laid nut !ui biuial purposes. 
The ground i-; dry and elevated, and i-i very plwisautly located. Under the 
care and good ta.-tc of Father K..rh, it will .oon become one of the most 
beautiful cemeteries in the region, t^uitc a large uuinbci 
have already been made here, and many of the IoIb are tastefully ai 
Several very handsome monuments and tombstones have been erected r 

Thise\celkut -ociet) iva= orgnni/i I De.cndtr 31 1S74 Ihe picsent 
ofheeiNaic PiLiiknt Ju eph M il n ^ i un M illi nn k a,g\ 

Boaidot Mauiigcia Ee\ Elluu|liii ^ P link 1 iiib| Ihom-xs, 
George Daw on D C bmmk au.l 1 hn P IlLllLn-teiu Ihe niouthlj 
meetiiigb arc held on the touith Monday evening ot each month Sunday 
Bei vices aic held at then hall, at foui i v The cottage piayei meetings 
are held on each Tuesday e\ enmg The aaaociatiou numbers eighty eight 
acti%e membei's 

The National and State meetmga aie pioperh repie-euted by delegates 
and contnbutions 

LINCOLN lOST \0 140 G A H 

MascharteielJunel7tb IRfife 

rbetoliuwinj, were the charter member Col V C ildttell H Bough 
net Di L ^\ A\ei\ r ^\ C E th Mijoi Jimc> Ma^ T hu Lruik^hank 
AI r wki V M Onuu A^ B Birl F L Bc\k H W AIoi^ n C 
r I-Le}ci BeilonSnitl Jane V '^hipp J B Gcttei and JolnB uthner 

This pet ha'' how n a gieat deal of euergj and bj lairs and othei means 
collected considerable sums of mone^ for the objects ot their org^m/jition 
Their pnneipal work was the erection ol a monument in the ^hamokin 

Shamokin all thiough the w i f tlie Rebelli n took \n ictivepaitm 
sending men to the tiont an I it w ] iite nituial thit hei citiicos nould 
become luteieate I in the gieit eil it mide b\ the United States banitary 
Commi-^.icn t ili 1 1 i lict t the w uiidcd lud J\ing 

On Jfa^ 17th l'^( 4 the fir t meeting w i- hel 1 U the icsidenee of Jlr F 
S Hia. inlwi ttiukll\ It IIP loi-teiwas 

elected Pi 1 1 it J 1 J 1 III I 

Thctjll ^ tte M V 

R Fisk M Ivit N I M II i I II 

Ml-. D \ t All ^^ r ^\ I in i i n i v 

P Bird Ixe\ V D IIiM I III I Tl ( II 11 Ii H & ible 

R B Do^lt^ A^ Rhode. J Dunkleber{,a J H Zimmeiman T b Haas 
J *^ Bitteubcu lei dc AHrt/ 

LirL,e ums i )l i I i i I I I t -- t \ 

Fill hel I at I M I 1 1 \ \ I 1 1 

The «e\eral ehuiches ot Shamokin took an aetne part in miaing fund« to 
aid the United States Chiistiau Commission m its noble i\ork Collections 
weie made in all the churches in 18Gd and large sums ot money obtained 

and toiwaided 

This society WIS oigauized September ITtli 1S63 with Miij Kate Nash 
as secretarv 

The first annner-an ot this society was held m the Pie bytenan Cluireb 
bj theEe> I H Toricnee th ( i ! V t t t! I \Ui i lili 
'^ocietj A colleetion ot fitt\ 1 111 1 | 1 1 1 j I 

toi'omcjeiis wiuatthemdl I M M M I ill 

WeUh and Ceiman Bibles w k [ I 1 V I 111 

M ited the lioii ca at the collieiie~ an It k _r at pui t ha\e the lered 
volume lutiedueed in ever> Iiou e A number ot dwellrngs were found that 
had no Bibles The depositon at piesciit u at the Jioithumbeiland County 
National Bank. 

Shaniokui has ever shown a high appreciation for education, and through 
a long series of yeai-s has always stood In the foremost rank for good schools. 
Shamokin almo-'t dated its history wilh th^ ImildinL' "f ii s.-hnnl-bnuse. 

In 1835, pnrtinus „f ibe bniMin-. ii.>" kiinu,, a- th'> NaliH,i:,l ;t[id United 


burned down in riie yn.Ka i'\v that inTurnil a f.n yiai- aun, Ainr tbid 

Duiuigthe \Vinl.T.-nf l.s;;7-:;^..l. f 11...I .■ ■ !■- ■: II. i.,un.anil 

fiee to ull Ihey euiplnyL-d Ainu .luhii, n.,w :in ..|.| .■l[i/..Ji -f Slniniuldn 

the lurmtuie lude, but the teacliing appeai-s to have b^en saiUtUctory. No 
map5 01 chaits adorned the rough walls; no slated blackboard was in use; 


the school books were not unifomi the master mndc all the peu-. notl «Gt 
all the copies, lie acted aa janitor, aud the de-k-. and cat were of the 
mobt primitive kind Compare this dark dm^^ Iitllt n ni jI nenr lort> 
jeans ago, with our parlor rooms of the pic-ent da\ with ill ihc modern 
eqnipmeiita aud iinpro\ enient;. and note the pryn- m tliL l liRalnnal -.ys 
tein It IS a |)it) that the -ketch ol this nid ..hcd hjii^c uoiild not be pro- 
cnrcd to tontia'-t \Mth the hand-nme builduigh ot the bhninokin bchoola, 
lUii-tiuted in thit, hook 

Tht. fflloHuigis the list of pupiK it the fir-t school Hannah Bud Ziba 
Bud DaMd Snuhi Eadiid Sn Jci Ephraim Phdip, Ellen Philiita, 
MdlmmW \\tin CatlinriUL A\cm Purn J Eaton Ljdia Ann Porter 
Eli/ahcth Portu EpiiiaiiTi M wr\ JIaiic Monrj Enieliiie Mo\\ry and 
Jloryin JMi w n 

ihib was the hi>-t sthot 1 m a re^nun iicw tonipiising the mx school dis 
tnctb ot Shaniokiu boroii^h Coal tnwiihhip Mt Cainici borough Mt Caimel 
tonnship Cameron township aud Zcihe town hip tmhracing the WLalthiCst 
and most popnloub jwrtion of Js rthuiiil lH lud Counfv Tliia teiiitor\ has 
now about three thou in I In hini lu I h Inii, in its scliools and school 
property amounting t< \ i ui luiii Ir 1 lu 1 tilt\ th u aud dollars 

During the -Neai IMH tl \tm t ] ul li thool- wa>. adopted m Coal 
township b> a small inuj<iit\ ( a) t wiLhij then embraced all the tern 
tor) abo\e-named Tht tk< ti n wa= held in Cameron township, which was 
then a part of Coal township in 1 the chjol \otc came ironi the mechanics, 
who were then working at ^hamokin as the people oi Cimeron were most 
bittrrh pp ed t. the Tree S.hol's^ tcm 

Ih ill vi( !i t ir- were elected Sylvanus S Bird, Picsideut Kim 
bill ~ tin Jehu John, Tieasurer Jamca B Porter George 

L iL I> M I 1 illi 11 The last two named were from Cameron township 
^otllUl„ \Mi- hue ihiauar 

In I83'(, the behool Board consisted of— Syhinus S Bird, Piesideiit, 
Kunber Clea^ er Secretnry , Jehu John, Geoige Long, Wm Eegely, Da\ id 

^anmel John was elected treasurer and Benj JIcClow collector of school 

riic school finances of this board were as follows School ta\ lesied, tno 
hundred and oue dollars and thirty fi^e cents State appiopiiation, si\ huu 
dred and thirty dollni-s, total eight hundred and thirtj-one dolhu-a and 
thiit) h\c ccnta 

Mr McClow the collector had a difficult time to collect this ta\, eapeei 
alh 111 ( mini n I wnt-hip where the --thool s-\stein wa& looked upon as an 
I I ' I iiiiiLurc riu fainici thieitened to shoot him, and 

dl I 11 II I wLiutinhi WTs Imtwithtut mail Air McClow 

w I I I mil (ik ui!cmi.l.\Ld the con table to assist hini It is 
-III he ini\ icii \li tnc hundred mile- to collcit tin-. Ia\ ot two bundled 
and one doll ir^ aud thirty h\e cent- and lecened f i the amc a little o\er 
Jiie dolUiTg for his ccmmu>.ioii What would our present director- think of 
such a tax as thm aud nhal would the ino<lern tax collector 'yl^ about such 
a duplicate? 

After draw ing the appropnabon, the board proceeded to divide the district 
into eight sub distnets 

1 Embraced all the territory bct^veen the top of the Little Mountain 
and the top of the Locust Mountain, &om the eastern boundary of the 
County to the west boundary line of the tract ot John C Boyd occupied b^ 
David Thompson 

2 Lmbraeed all the ternton between the top ot the Little Mountain 
and the tjp if the Locust Mountain fiom tht wl tcin biunilai> ot No 1, 
to the we->t bjundar\ hue ot a certain tract >\ land hing in Buir Vallej, 
otcupicd l» John Mowr^ thente m a Jirciti ui < t Slmm km Cieek at 
the Gaji in the Little Mountain im In hii tb I \ lln ^ I ■- i ii 11 i eiihait 

3 Embiaetd the leriitor\ we tw rl t "N It i ti s| mi jkiii 
town-hip hue aud the tup of LotH'-l AI uniin til I i i tl n I -i iitb 
twent-* lads we^t of the housic oci uji \\^ In K i i i ni tl 1 nge iiml 
mine, (Trevortou) 

4 Embraced the t«rntorj m the same limits from the No 3 diMHOU 
to the western bouudan oi Coal township 

5 Embraced the countrj between the top ot Locust Mountain and the 
south boundarj oi township irom the iveatem limit of township to a line one 
mile east ol George Kramer a 

6 Embraced the territory in the =ame liraita from eastern line of No 
5 to a line due north aud south dniding the laud-< of George Dcrk and 
Isitac Zeiglei, deceased 

7 Embraced the teriitori In «ime limit- irnm eastern line of No 6 to 
east end ot the inrm of John "W eikle 

8 Embraced the balance ol the township 
TllednlM-^n«lm^eheen -nenindttiil t( '■hrw thr cou liinn tthi-pait 

of tlie Counts in 18S9 and te exhibit how well oui hi--t duect is planneil 
the good woik A.1I the e men ire nuw g< nc to then icwaid but tlie field 
firot occupied bj them i uow dotted with ele^aut school liou-Co indo\eitwo 
thousand -cholip- arc tiijoin ' the benehts thus piovidul V laige poitun 
of the credit i- due t Kinibei Clca\ti who was the pinicipal wmkci 
luiefuencetolniildin Mbiolh u - th. b uhUj I tli(t)]|owiug ution 

1 Aiew sciiolai--— T b(u L mn b iciited e'^I "I't C iiniej etc) 

2 A double h u n led I Shim kin iiid C ill wi liip j 

3 ^ b 11 I |i 1 I (Alb tiwn hip ) 

> I I 1 house mil) be lented 

(> I I liou=e nia> be lentcd 

7 «' II (GoweuCit) etc j 

8 N nib it Unit 

The boaid proceeded to woik lu gieat eamc tut Duiin^ tlic Suiumci 
ofl839 the) commenced putting up a two t i\ bink buildin^in Sbamokiu 
(the eastern pirt ot the present Central =eh jI it ii win li wn < iii] 1 t< 1 
and occupied about Eebunn ot next uar It 1 i\ liiii I I I Ihii-- 
Li No Ddi\i-im tht\ put up a mill frimc biiil I t t \\ n .f 

ninetv iom ddki lu 1 eighti t\eu cent Ihi i ml i till i m Im^ 

neai the Weiklt -tind 

The following' tea<heiN weie employed in ( amci u tt^u-hi] lolui ridlei 
wasiirtciiiph^td aud tiught until hi« ihn am unted lo ti^dittcn d 11m- 
wheii, foi -ome leison be v.a -uceeedtd b) "Williini Stize. whtse Milan 
amounted to sc\en dollira and twenty cents. This ends the school s\steni 

The fiivt tcachei ciu] lo^td in the public -chools ol Sbamukiu, ^\as JolinT 

Rood of New \oik— i \cn iblc and iicce-.fiil teach i II t uuht m the 

old irame -eboul h u t but fci uuic t in c ,nit i u 

dajs He wasfdbwclln Mr Mii\ Miipin in 1 \ 

weeks The hi--t two tPichei win tuithi iin 1 1 

aiidJehn T hn ibi^ I nun till Inm in 1 n i I it 
the town 1 Ith ll-t 1 I I I lu il I iM\ 

wanK tb< lin i ml i^i I \\ lli I h n I the pioueci 

coal opei it 1 f il 1 I I 1 II I n I li le-ight the ioun 
dation WIS well I il II i 

B-\ Vet if V lull T- 1 I \i led into two districts 

known a ^ ith ( il ii i ■- I t DniMons numbei-s 

one tw 11, I I 1 I I \ I I I 1 \i in ch tiiu m 

South ( 1 "- 1 I Ul I I I I 1 tl I II w I- itje ted 

The hu met thi \tii w 1 - Il It X 1 II I II 

se\endol]iisindei(,htwenL ^i n i| i i i I b 1 n I 1 it\ 

£\edoIhi total foui huudi 1 ui I I I i i I It t 

About IS 52 the Lutheran ner iii i 1 '-I kn tl i 1 tl II iL 
of Kev C J Ehihirt toutcmiht I eietlm„ i I nib no llcf.t Vi It I 
aud encoui iged b\ -uch men i^ Ji.d.t Ilclttn tcin \\illiini 1 ttU Kim 
berClea%cr Jini= L Gdgti J.cfhBnl in I tbiistb.\. mnitn e 1 the 
pioject Ac iiu-ilnn was ioiintd with Milium Fc^ 1\ ispicikiit and 
Jonas L Gilger as treasuiei B n 1 wci i ind and tonsilciabte 'itotk 
taken, with the expectation thutb Lutli nn s^nod would endoi-se and 
assist the movement But thi nth 1 i il le ib ii h of ueighboimg towub 
espeeialh Selln-■glo^e thismoxcin iit w i d icctcl 

Kimhei f lea\ti was the ai bit t wh . t k i ;.) at mt i t ni tin < I 
h^e \ iaii,c biKk -tiL! tni wi i t 1 Uil ilt i | iitliii), n tb. i f 
iwiiv totht want f fund'- Ih w ikwi t n 1 and it -t Im in uiihn 
I'-hed condition foi m]iu\ \e n 

In 18o7 while the eh il b irl wtie engaged in putting up the Penio=e 
school house Majir Bc\ iii'- wb wii then poat^maatei, euggcatcd the idea 
that tliLs tolltgt or i iltm\ building as it was gencially teimed shouhl be 
bought foi tht u t . f tilt pul li ch 1= He tilkcl this up for bom? time 
aiidfinalh im liii, t tb citi/cn w is JiJ | it the Ceiitial school hou«e 
to \otc jii Ibi juc II 11 ml It WI then Ic idi 1 t be u elc«s aud Msionau 

So tilt mattei i tr I until Juh H.tb 1S(.3 when it was lesohed hy the 
school boa id that the aeadem) building should be purchased foi the benefal 
of the public schools provided a good title can be obtaiucd 


i-'isting of "W r Rotli Geoige JIcEleite, aud Jena's L 
Gilger, ^\eie appointed to Inok atlei it 

At n special meeting' <.t thi. bomd lield at the residence of F S Haas, 
thesecrelnrj on MniLliTtli lS(j4 at which the foHoHingdirectois \\ere pres- 
ent Dr E b Kobiii= J L Gilgei W V Roth T S Hana aud George 
McEIeice the following lesolntioiis ou motion of Dr JZ '> Robin- were 
pas'ied bj a \ote ot ioni jens — one membei not voting 

Sesohed That the Academy biiildnig be puitha'-ed at Coionti'= Mile on 
the 14tli m&t int 

jResohed Hnt J ni L ( 1 n ml (u i 

I-' 111 i Gf I "M 1 Ilkc be appointed a 

go hevond t» llRuanljui iuni li< 1 lu I htL\ 1 Ihr 

Itwaspnrehn=i?dat thibpnte and the foui direr toi-s who \oted loi this 
meabure, will e^ er be proud of their vote, and the people ii ill hold then names 
m leinembiance 

In 1864 Shamokm i\as eieUed into ii bin! un\ I aniL a ^epaiate 
school dibtiict 111 IShD At thi- tiint the I II i n h\ud 

TlieAcadcnn iMtb u u m hm he 1 in ti i d ^„th 

fouiioom-'iu L Ida] 1 hit I u hti n tb I ni excel 

lent (irdci aud in Id luuiit 1 nddui^ in \ 1 nj The 

bthools then con i ted of one Gianiinai slIiouI, thicL lutcuiiuhatc. and foui 



In tht 

1 ISI.'I tb 
IciiMc I 


1 l]l]ll II 1 


'■I nil 1 III II 


h III, s 


te I di tiict "iipcrmtendent of theboiough 
t h n until Tun 1 t IS? ijui 1 I 
plihcl in tbi till . I 1. 1 It, ,1 t 
I baidh mtKtl III ti It \uc d]\ 

was cotablished aftei encoun 
a giaduate ot Millei^MlIe 
IS a most excellent teacher 
• HUl^ t hi. iK^c--.tuI bt 

pupd gradu 
b 1 hbran li. 
. I t\ .lume- 
the Shimokin 

tiue fnend of 

Noiiual schrol 

and the stead) =necex oi tlu ch cl i-, in put <Hni_, t 1 
ginning Jti George M'' Campbell the pie-tnt pun ipiil 
ceobful teathei K^eaku'-h building up thi- tlmol an 1 il 
local leputntion At the clo e of tlif h t e uu foui d t 
ated and had diplomas beato\ied nj u them \. [ nbln 
being formed which in a few jgtin bi K tin tn uuml ei hiin 
ThccieatiOD of a High school \\ns an impoitant eveiiL 
schools Its successful and efiectne i peiation- tor the jiasl 
had a decided influence foi feood on the other sehools and 
leaining would uuw be willing to-ee it put iwaj 

rheie are at pie-ent niuetecu -cliool-- with twenty two teachcpJ and about 
one thousand thiee hundred scholars The scliools are duided as follo^vs 
One High-chool one Grammar school seven seoudarj schools, and nine 
primarj schools 

A uniform senea of school books has been established which hi\e been 
maintained foi anumbe. . f \cai-. A giakd eoui^c uf instiuctioii has been 
prejaiei which is n^idh adhtied t Pinnotions m Imnnsaiid diools 
ait nude it tUol mteu ds 1^ thepiiiieipd when the piipil piits a =atis 
fatton txiniiDitien The plin his w nk 1 m t i\ ellcnth With the 
chant,c-- m idc the impr \eiiniit il ptcd ind thi i hum pni ued b> direc 
toi-sand teichcr it ma\ li lUh u riUJ clmtthes\ km I j ublie chools 
in the boiou h ot slumikm ha i t e 1 it ti in iti n i ml t \i.oriment 
The pi; 

?etthe tniU 
ijtcd lu th. 

th UOU^hll 

i-s, plaiub mountnins, and Aalle)s 
.\ igatiou — ao upou tht strong arms 

cleai heads aud 

■^haniokin ha- trur fii-'it class school buildings which ^lie justly holds m 
high cstimati m and her citizens lose no oppor'umtj m pointing them out to 
Btraobei-- \stbe\ irc lUustiated in this work a brief description of each 
willbehithh proper The school pioiiertj i- \alued at fort) thousand dolUars 

This fuiL structure is located in the central part ot Shamokin, and is well 
situated forthe ad\anced schools which are kept there It is a threestory 
brick buildiug one hundred feet Inuc, and fort^ feet wide standing m the 
center ot nine lot- fronting Griut street It contains «i\ large rooms torty 
feet square and h\e lecitatum lanmi- SIo t ot the-e roouLs are furnished with 
elegant patent tumituie matting on the tie or and hand'-ome paintiu'r- and 
decorations on the walls riicre aie peHnp- but lew '■cb h>I rormis m the 
State that are better fitted up intcriorU Ihc district librii\ i kept ni one 
of the recit ition rooms The teacliei-- -ind pupils tike great pi ide in keeping 
aider A janitoi has charge ot the building and groiint^ 


iwo-stoij buck building, htU r 

ntj three feet fronting 
on S»nbur\ street It cont.iiiH foui room, one of whith is furnished with 
patent furnitme The looms aie principilh u el for piiman schools The 
giound- contain about three-loiirths of an acre bcuitdiilh slnded b^ pine 
and other tree- Thi- i- an old building but hu been icno\ated to meet 
the present w irk It makes a plain hut handome appearanie Tina ng 
well as the othei building is id chaige ot a janitor 

add It 

othei I 1 1 i 1 
b\ propel 111 fiue 

i 1 1 frim the 

1 1 I I 1 [c\Lntdated 

t tb -■e K >ri m iuiui h 1 with j itent furniture 
The s>>tem on which these rooms are constructed and htted up meets with 
the appiobation of ail teacher- who ha\e Molted them Theic aie thiee lots 
foi this building 

Ihis IS al o a twfi-Ht rj bm k building ot the same si/e and buiU in the 
sanit pliii lis the Penus fuuting >n Thud stieeE There aie three lots 
enclo ed with the budding Tin li m c was name I in honor ot the ^TeJit 
' Commonei who so niiblj defended the /i / / -«/ I ii iii the da>s of its 
peiil T^vo of the rooms are httel up with pat nt de>k in 1 eat 

Present officer- J J Jolin pie^ident J T W '^eliwart? secretarj 
Joseph Scott treasurer V S flnas E *5 Auckci Dr Ilarpell 

There if perhap'' no town in the cml regions thit his a laiger number 
secret orders than Shamokin rheu membership is t impose I of nnn^ 
oui best eiti/ens and the p< c 1 a niph bed I ^ llieil beiiehcial system, w 
ne\ei be ill publi-hed Vid in i knc ittei hu it tiinii il inJ watt 
ful -olicitude for the weltai it tin i|liiii lamii\ ue -jjme of the g) 
lesults ot th&ae order- 


The fii^t n 
made Tinu'^ 

office of Hon 
Clea\ei wis 

1 '^haniokio was 
; 1 held m the 
! I in I Ivimber 

On Septembei 4th 1851 the District Deputy Grand Mastei, Geoige C 
Welker, and some niembei-a ot the Grand Lodge and Sunburj Lodge 
organi/cd the '^Inrnokiu L 1 witli the following ofhcers Wm H Mar 
shall A\ ^I I-. W Emanuel Kaufman J W D N 

. r Boii^fhner, J W , W H Gili 


This, til.' first ?,vrol society in Slimnolviu, nud iiext to the oldest lodge of 
OiM FLllinv> ill [|jr ( '(.luity, was organized September otli, 1845, 

Till' 'liiiricr iniijilii'i-s were: J. L. Gilger, Peter Boughner, Joseph Ziierue, 

Tli^'lii-iMlli,.,. I,,,,,,- L. r;ilL'.T,X.G.; P. Bougliuer,V.G.; Joseph. 

'i'ln- Iii'Ilj' I" uiil mI' ilii' Milton Lodge, whieh was the 

(ii'-i l'"l-" ■■! ■! ■ '"'■ nil.. rl:iii.l tViiiiity. The progress of the 

■ ■' ^'-i- 'I ■ ■ i' !- Iii.'1-ship exceeded two hundred. 

Fi-.' ■ ■■iit.viz.: Numidia.Suydertowu, 

I'^l^- \\ I ■ ...I -■ . ■ . -. The fii-st place of meeting 

m:i- III ill. _.iii. ..; I !'.,iiii. liMil.liiij, ;li:u -tnodoii the comer of Suubury 
luiii IJii.-k iiltnuiiriis knnwii as (he "Douty House," whei-e they con- 

Fi'.liii^r tlir w;ii;( nt [iropcr accoiiiniadntioDS, during the yeai- 1S50, they 
st'iuiv.l ...iiir Lit- ..II Siiribury street, and erected on it a two-stoiT brick 
buil.lii,::. kii,,ui. ;i- ih,. ( M.I I-Vlln^v-' Hull. The corner-stone was la'id July 
4th. IS'^lt, al wliich liiiir a u' di-|i)ay was made. A number of lodges 
fruni ihi> aijil adj.jiniiii; li.iiiiili- i>arLi.i|iai<.'il. The address was delivei'ed 
bv ihf livv. Mr. Dinger, a UL-lurniL-ii ck'igvnian, who occiu-ionallv officiated 

On July 4th, 1851, dedicated the Hall. On July 4tli, 18G6, held a grand 
parade, which was participated in by a number of lodges from other places. 

Till' nil ijihirshi]', at ]>re:"ent, numbers about one hundred, with a healthy 

Till' nil. [in;:- :ii..- i.ii esich Saturday evening, in their Hall. The present 
olh..'r.-; ill-,- William (.iillespie, N. G.; W. Slalick, Y. G.; Enoch P. Jones, 
.^■crelary; Jacob Mcutcliler, treasurer. 

SHAJIOKra LODGE, NO. 664. I. O. OF 0. F. 

Tht!^ lnilt;e, ivhifh was an oiFshoot of 3It. Tahor Lodge, was organized 
A|,„l liill,, ISC!.. 

Tin I li:iii, r iiiiiiilpiis were: George Shipe, George Pcott, Francis Hoover, 
William Unu: ]■;. S. Shijie, John W. Hegins, Jacob Kramer, W. B. Eadie, 
W. H. ^^hil)l^ Luther Gable, A. A. Hein, Robert Goodwill, Samuel Yost. 

Tlie first officers were: George Shipe, N. G.; John K. Erdman, Y. G.; 
William H. Sliipe, R. S. ; Francis Hoover, Asst. E. S. ; Samuel Yost, treas- 



I - : Mm.-. M. }I,'lni, H. S., J'. t'.; .Jn^cjih ^Shivelhard,G.C.; 
., iM. uf F. ; AV. H. JIussleniau, M. of E. ; 

The fiP3t officere were: D. S. Miller, W. M.; James Folltner, W. D. M.; 
Jno.K. Slower, R.S.; John Berdonier.F.S.; Jo.-^cph Henuiuger, treasurer. 

The'present officers are: Elins Cnlp, W. M.; Henry Swrtzel, W. D. JI.; 
Isaac Smirk, R. S.; Frank Piir.-, F. S. 

Thi.t lodge wa,-- very ],r..-.| l-i-' mouths after its tbrmalion, but 
sfiiiic divisions, ill il--^ inrmli. i-lii].. !iii> ndnn'd its numbers. There are at 
prcsi'nti forty nieinbei-s, lunl ili'- Imif-'t' iqii^'urs to be on the increase again. 
The meetings are held in Heltcnstetn's Hall, on Friday evenings. 

This order was started in Shainokin, July 13th, I860. The cliarter mem- 
bere were: N. Dcitmau, Christian Lawrence, Henry Bach, John Geyrioty, 
and John Myers. 

Th fir- ffi H B 1 N G CI L \ C 

N. D 1 r 1 

Ti]es thi I I N TICIAC 

Was t 1 1 

Ita 1 1 fl 

SImi k IC 

Fir- ft r^ 11 1 1 f 11 g 1 J 1 K p S 

Sagamore, A. F. Elms ; Junior Sagamore, Isaac A. Kerlin ; Prophet, Sam- 
uel Hireh ; Cliief of Records, W. F. Smith ; Keeper of Wampum, Isaac 

Its membei-ship numbei-s seventy-five, in good stnndiug. 

The objects of the order are freedom, friendship, and charity. 

The present officers of the tribe are: Sachem, C. W. Scout; Senior Saga- 
more, B. F, Gillham ; Junior Sagamore, R. T. Gillhani ; Prophet, John Han- 
cock ; Chief of Records, R. T. Owen ; Keeper of Wampum, W. F. Smith. 

SOIL, NO. 71, o. U. A. M. 

Organized in 1865. Pi-esent officers: C, W. Linderman; V. C, J. J. 
Hofliimn; secretary, Jeremiah Dreis; treasurer, Simeon Hoffman. 

This order has fi%-six membei^, and meets at Haas & Seiler's Hall, on 
Wednesday evenings. 

P, NO. 30, p. o. S. OP A. 

Organized in November, 1869. The present officers are: P. P., Daniel 
Carl; P., P. R. Meutchler; V. P., Henry Walp; Secretary, W. F. Harpel; 
Treasurer, Jeremiah Helt. 

There are eighty membei-s. Meetings on Monday evening, iu Odd Fel- 
lows' Hall. 

. 149, 

Organized in August, l.?74. Present officers: P. P., H. R. Rupert; P., 
A. J. Campbell; Y. P., S. A. Smith; Secretary, A. E. Zuerne; Ti-easnrer, 
D. Y. GiUmm. 

There are fitty-nine members. Meets on Tuesday evenings, iu Helfensteiu's 

Cour deLion Castle, No. 31'. — This order wfts organized July 5th, 1872. 
It numbers one hundred and fifteen members. The meetings are on Monday 
evenings, in Haas & Seiler's Hall. 

The present officei« are: S. K. C, Edward Yodcr; S. IC. V. C, Jonas 
Trego; S. K. F. L., Alexander Ross; R. S., J. P. Boyd; F. S., Thomas M. 
Dillv; Treasurer, William F. Lake. 

These works were established in 1871, by Boyd & Rumberger, the present 

Their busmen is principaliy confined to this and neighboring counties, 
and is chiefly building tombstones and monuments, constructing cemetery 
enclosures and building work. 

Annual ti'ade, about five thousand dollars. 

Number of stores, eighty-seven; lumber-yards, three; coal-yards, 
licensed houses, thirty-five; billiard tables, one. 

This Ls the oldest banking iastitution in Shamokin, and after passing through 
a great many vicissitudes in its early days, it has, through the able manage- 
ment of late years, become noted as one of the soundest institutions iu tlie 
County. It is located in a fine building, in the central part of the town, and 
is under the charge of a very efficient president and other officials. 


HaMCST£AD OFDMiD MAItR fDcCEASCO, FfTESENT ffEiHO£//cc or THE FAKitLr, Milton, NohthP Co.,1^. 



The fii-st movement towarrl eatnblwliinjr a bank in Sliunidkiii, wa« made nu 
Jamiaiy 31st, IfiSo, when a nunibir nf ciliipu- mot sit the Natiunal Hotel, 
and {li.=cn?sed the propriety uf PtartiiiL*- Mirh iin iiittitution. The meeting 
was followed by otheivi, ami linally, a bill wiit jjie|iarfd, which passed the 
legislature in April, 1857, tliroiii^h (111- t'tiurfs ot J. II. Zimmerman, i»ur 
mmber then, and otheix The iiutlmrined capitid wa.-^ one hundred and 
fifty thousand dullart. 

On June 9th, 1857, the eommissionei^ met at Shamokin. The following 
cnmmissionere were present: John Tafri^art, AVilliam L. Pewart, Jusiah Reed, 
John P. Piii-sal, Daniel Ewrt, S M. Ka«i', JoM-pJi Hiid, W. H. Mnench, 
John B. Donty, F. A. Clark, Solomon Mart?., Ca-jier Srhal!, Honrv Van 
Go«ke[i, Junas U Gilger, Elias Eii^eiihart, A. K. Fi-ke, "\V. P. \Vithirij:t<m, 
AV. H. Marshall, D. J. Lewis, and Stc'j.hen Bittenheiider. 

Jolm Taggart was elected pic&ident of the meetiiif:, and "\V. P Withing- 
ton, secretaiy. A number of comnuttees weie appuiuted to (-ccnre --ubseiip- 
tious to the stock. Atler the County and town had hL-L-n ]jr^4ty thoroughly 
canvassed, a second meeting was called, and it was fuimd that ouly one bun- 
dled and tweuty --liaia, of stot-k had been snb=erihed. A different coui^e 
then, nntbriunatcly, was pui^ned. The institution was passed over to a party 
tiv.m BuHiilo, consisting of T-hayei, Robinson, Street, and othei-s, who were 
interested in new bank- at ^\'airen, Crawford County, Tioga, and other 
places, looJioly instituted for speculation. 

They took one thousand five hundred and twenty shares, paying seven ■ 
thousand dnlhiis in gold and twenty-eight thousand dolhira in notes ou these 
doubtful banks. J. H. Robinson was elected ca-hier. Great dis.sttisfactiou 
soon prevailed with the management, and in the Spring of 1S.5JS, a committee 
appointed by the legislature examined its condition, and made a very 
damaging report. 

In Augu-t, 1S5S, this paity wa- -"ttm liil of, and a new oig:uji/.ation was 
cHected,cousi-.tingofw,-]Uknownan,li,-pon-il.h-citiien^aslbHow- Diro. t.a--. 
Joseph Bird, AVilliam M. Wcav.-i. Fliii^ Ei-cnh.iit, AVllimm H M.u-hal!, 
George Hchall, Felix Maurei,A\'ilhamDL(lcn,Eli-ha John, WilhamT (4rant, 
Horatio AVolvciton, "William Elliott, and Joseph Hoover. J. H. Zimmermau 
was elected president, Samuel John, cashier, anil Charle.* W. Pealc, teller. 

Tliinj,^ now iitsnmed a better shape, but, owing to the dullncrf of the 
times, the officials hail a severe struggle to regain the confidence that had 
been lost through the miMnanagcment of adventurers. 

At the close of IS.IS, J. H. Zimmerman resigned, and Feli.x Maurer was 
elected president. The bank was located in Bitteubender's Building, on 
Shamokin street. To show the condition of the bank at that time, their state- 
ment for December, ISoS, is givcu : 

Bills receivable, 860,906.41 ; stock owued by bank, §9,7.1(1.00; specie in 
vault, SS,121.1(i; due by otiier banks, 32,527.68; notes of other solvent 
banks, S2,210.00; bank property, S2,168.00 ; due by city banker, S2,442 Id ; 
total, SSS,125.40. Notes in circulation, S16,600| due depositor, S9,7U7; 
due other banks, S313.56; total, S26,62(l.o6. 

During the eiuly part of 1859, another committee was ordered to examine 
the condition of tliis bank. 

In August, -ame year, strong efibrts were made by some of the stock- 
lioldei-s, to have the institution moved to Suubury, on account of their being 
so little business iu Shamokin. 

In Novembei', 1859, Samuel John, resigned as cashier, when the following 
changes were made: F, AV, Pollock, of Lewisburg, was elected president; 
and Charles W. Peale, cashier. 

The prospects of the institution soon became more encouraging. Tlie bills 
of the bank, which previously had uo circulation out of the neighborhood, 
and sometimes difficult to pass at home, now were looked upon as something 
like money. Confidence became established, aud the bank stock commenced 
to advanced. 

In 1861, Bichuell's Reporter speaks decidedly in favor of the bank, aud 
gives gieut credit t(j the good management of its officei-s. This year, the 
bank issued one and two dollai-s bills. 

In January, 1863, C. AY. Peale resigned as cashier, and was succeeded by 
Thomas C. Trotter, of Philadelphia, wlio sei'ved until December loth, when 
he resigned, and Thomas D. Grant, of Sunbury, was appointed. About this 
time, the name was changed from the " Shamokin Bauk," to " Northumberland 
County Bank." The old red Shamokin bills were called in, and new ones of 
a dilierent color circulated. 

On February 1st, 1865, it became a National Bank. 

During August, this year, one hundred aud twenty thousand doUai-s of the 
old issue of their notes were burned ia Mr. Bitteubender's \vork -house, super- 
intended by S. Bitteubeuder, V. Fegely, P. Bird, and F. A. Clark. 

About April 1st, 1865, Thomas D. Grant resigned as cashier, and was 
succeeded by T. G. Boyle. 

During the Spring of 1868, a lot was secured on the corner of Sunbury 
and Washington street-s, and preparations were made at once to erect a bank- 
ing-house, suitable to the want.* of such a well-conducted and substantial 
institution. The building was completed and occupied about February 1st, 

The edifice is of brick, and three-stories high, with a verj' imposing front. 
The building is thirty feet front, and seventy-five deep. It costs ten thou- 
sand doUai-s. The banking-room and the directors'-room, are very comfort- 
able and neatly fitted up for tlie business. Tlie bank is provided with a large 
aud fii-st-cinss safe. The remainder of the building is occupied by a iiimily. 
Mr. Daniel Yobt was the builder. 

In June, 1869, Mr. F. S. Haas, was elected cashier, which position he 
ably fdls at the picsent time. 

When Mr. Pollock took charge of the bank, in 1859, the amount due de- 
positors, was about two thousand dollar ; now it exceeds three himdred tliou- 
=and dollai-3. At that time, shares were valued at little over five dollai-s; 
now shares are quoted at one dollar and ten cents. The present capital of 
the bank, is sixty-seven th()usand dollar's. The officers are: Prcriident, F. 
\y. Pollock; Cashier, F. S. Haas; Teller, Samuel J. Haas. 

Was chartered May 24th, 1871. 

Incurjiuratoi-s. — Conrad Graeber, AUrdl J. Medlar, George W, Ryan, 
Charles F. Rahu, George McEIcice, Levi Huber; George W. Ryan, presi- 
dent; Conrad Graber, vice-picsideut ; Tvauhoe S. Huber, rashier. 

Businc^- wa- commenced September 4th, 1871. Authorized capital, one 
huiiihvd thoLi-and dollars; paid up, fifty thousand dollan<. The Bank is 
r'hartwi-ii li_\ the State, and does the usual bankiiiy; business, receiving 
dqioML^ di-tnunting paper, etc. Exchanges uii most places in Europe bought 

The origuial Board of Directors «erc: G. AV. Ryan, Conrad Graeber, 
Samuel John, W. H. Mai-shall, C. P. IlL-lf-nsfin.' A. A. Hcin, and G. 
McEleice, of Shamokin ; Levi Huber, A. J. M.-dlar, Cliarle* F. Rahn, and 
Jacob Huiitiiger, of Pottsvillc. 

The [ire^eut ofiicers are : Conrad Graeber, president ; A. A. Hein, ■vice- 
president ; Ivanhoe S. Huber, cashier ; D. W. Hein, teller, aud George W. 
Ryan, solicitor. Place of business on Sunbury street, near the corner ot 
Sunbury and Washington streets. Average deposits, about two hundred 
thousand dollars. * 

, A. Lnngdon, Alex. 

Was incorporated iu the ycjir 1,S71, by the foil 
poratoi-s: A. Rubio=un, Isaac May. Henry Guyt. 
Fulton, and A. G. Jlurr. The original incorjJura 
to be the Board of Dkectoi^. A. Robinson was chosen fii-^t president; Isaac 
aiay, vice-president ; A. G. Marr, cashier ; Wellington Lake, teller. The 
banking-house of A. G. and J. C. Marr was merged into and formed the 
nucleus of the comjiany as now organised. The business done is that of 
general banking, receiving deposits, di=countiug, etc. 

The present oflicei-s are : Isaai' May, president ; A. Langdon, vice-president; 
A. G. Mai'r, cashier, and Wellington Lake, teller. 

The banking-house is a verj' neat building, situated on the corner of Sun- 
bury and Rock sti'eets, and appeara to have been designed tor the purpose 
implied iu its name — the safe and trusty keeping of the deposits of its 

This was tlie firet building association iu Shamokin. It was organized 
tlu-ough the efibrts of R. B. Douty, 0. 51. Fowler, and a few others, who wei-e 
convinced, that through such means, a large number of workingnien would 
be able to build up homes for themselves. And, perhaps, it is safe to say, 
that no other one influence contributed so much towards building up Sha- 
mokin, aud making its citizens interested hi its welfare, than this society. 
The association was organised August 14th, 1865. 

The first ofiieei-s were: President, R. B. Douty ; Secretary, O. M. Fowler; 
Treasurer, W. H. Douty. 

In September, 1873, the secretary reports that, after eight years, with 
ninety-six payments, made on eight hundred aud eighty-six original shares, 
thei-e are one hundi-ed and tweuty-flve yet to cancel. 


Iq Mfirch, 1870, a secoud aeries woa L-ssued, of whicli seveu hundred aud 
fifty-eight simres were takeu. The remnining ehares of the first series were 
all ciiiicelled on September 1st, 1S7C, uud oaiy aboiil diii.' Iiundred shares of 
the second series are still outstanding. It is estinmled thut nil these will be 
cancelled in two years, and the business of the nsso[.intion elo:-i?d. A move 
had been made to issue another series, but the times were not favorable. 
The monthly meetings are on the third Mondav of eacli month, in the 
Liberty Hose Building. 

Tiie present officers are: President, J. H. Zimmermau; Secretary, Alex. 
Caldwell; W. H. Douty. 

This association was organized December 23d, 1873. About five hundred 
shares were represented. 

Officers elected: President, J. II. Zimmerman; Secretaiy, W. Lake; 
Treasurer, .John Duukleberger. 

Slated monthly meetings of stockholders are held on the first Tuesday after 
the third Saturday of each month. Directors" meeting is held on the Tues- 
day night following the meeting. 

The society is in a prosperous i-oudition — fifteen hundred shares were taken 
out. There are about eight Iiundred free shai-es at the present time. 

The present officers are: President, R. S. Aucker; Secretary, W. E. 
Shipe; Treasurer, R. G. EisGnliai-t. 

The meetings are held in Haas & Seller's Hall, on Spruce street. 


The town of Trevorton is pleasantly located, in a narrow valley, on a 
tributary of the Mahaiioy Creek, just outside of the coal basin, in the 
northern part of Zerbe township; coonected with Shaniokin on the east, and 
the Sus([uehanna River on the west, by a branch of the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad. It is eight miles from Shamokin aud twelve miles from 
the river. 

It takes its name irom John B. Trevor, who was one of the membei-s of 
the Shamokin and Mahnuoy Improvement Company, the party that bought 
the bonds, developed the mines, aud constructed n railroad to the Susque- 
hanna River. 

Howell, HelfcDstein & Co. — who were the Improvement Company — having 
purchased the tract, erected an office in the Spring of 1850, and secured the 
services of Kiniher Cleaver, who proceeded at once to lay out the town. At 
tliis time, there was only one house on the site of the town — an old log one — 
occujiied by George Holshoe and family, consisting of eight pereous. This 
house was located at the west end of the town, but hue long since given way to 
tlie march of improvement. About a mile up the " Gup," on the coal lands, 
was another rude houSL-, ijiTii|iiii! l)y .T;iiJu-> Iliiiiiir, a Smtchman, who still 
resides at Trevorton, well :iiI\mihi li in vi ^n-. lb inu) jn-ily be regarded as 
the piitriarch of tlietown. I''i.i- ]ii;iii\ y :ii>. In wn- ih. -..[(.• occupant of the 
coal tracts of Zerbe, holdiii- [..,-..-..-1-11 ii.r x-.n-i-.u- .,^^il,Ts. He had made 
some coal openings, and, diirio;; ilie winter omntli-^, with pick, shovel, and 
wheelbarrow, sujjplied the liirnici-s of the ueighlinrhiind with coal. He still 
resides here, well-advanced in yearw, being some eighty-eight yeai^s of age. 

On May 28th, 1850, there wa.- held the gixal .^^iil,. nf town' lots at Trevor- 
ton. Immense preparatimis bad luen madv li>i' thi.- '■viiil. and on the day of 
sale, people from all purls ui' Xuiiiniiiilii.Tbuid, ;ii(d .-ivi'ial sections of ad- 
joining counties, were on tin' in'u luwn siii'. nilL a vii w of making pur- 
chasfs. A meeting was .,i-gai,i/, ,!, ,.„i.l >nu,. .-|m , .1,, - ^■.,-^.■ raad,>, when Jndc.' 

ailei-ao addrc=.^ by Mr. ISrlla.-. .loil^.r j b.llWi.l,-!,/ ,.n,u- lnr«anl. and [mU- 
lished Ibebaus, "Ipobli^b ih- liaii- l.nvv,..,, ZmImCuii and 

the Susquehanna River; if any on,- kiiuw jii-t ran- iiii|.. .|ii.h-iii, wliy the 

two should not be joined together by a raib-uail. mi ili- /;,-/ ■./ X-irrmber, 
next, let him declare it now, or ever hereafter hnid his peace," This announce- 
ment was received with great applause. A collation was then eaten by the 
audience, at which Mr. Rennie occupied the seat of honor; after which the 

sale of lots eonimenced. The bidding was spirited and a large number of 
lots were sold ; t lie price ranging Irom twenty fi\e to one hundred dollars, 
Libera! pmvi^inti^ were made for churches; a railroad to the Susquehanna 
River had )»---n phucd under contract; possessed of most excellent water,and 
superior drainagr, iviih wiik- sti'eefs, and delightfiil sceneij it seemed to 
offer suporiiir iiidururiicnt-; lor a large town. 

The loL.? were sold i?i such a manner, that.tlic laboicis could bui without 
money, and pay a portion of their wagc.-^ each im uth B\ these mean= the 
toira improved nipidiy for the next few months Co the first da\ of Ma\ 
the town site was a perfect wilderness, with oin bg h um. ii the ite at the 
end of October, there were nearly one bnndr.dhio e Lmtcl Hk c m 
pauy liad opened a large store, and iiiiulc every pupii iti n 1 i bu iul Iu 
their anxiety toseud some Trevorton coal to inaiket thu liaiik 1 two oi three 
boat-loads of coal to Sunbury, in the Autumn ut --auic \ej,i and had it 
shipped to New York by canal. 

Things went on prosperously until December 6th, 1851, when the company 
suspended, and all work was stopped for nearly two years. 

In the Fall of 1853, a New York company took hold of the concern, aud 
puslied things forward with great vigor. They erected a sa^v-mill, built a 
large breaker, in 18-54, aud iu January, 1855, completed the niilroad to the 
river, and erected n splendid bridge, tlirw thousand six hundred teet long, 

dumped in boats. As soon ii^ tbi -lii|ni,ii,i nl' r.ial ,uinnH-n<rd, the progress 
of the town became very great. I:vmv lioii-. wa.- cruw-led with tenants. 
Thb party continued at work untii ilir I'all nf l.^.-;T. when Ihey were obliged 
to suspend. After a few luonibs, a looijiany from New York took posses- 
sion, and continued work about a year, when it was turned over to another 
party, with George Mowton as superiiitfiRlcnt, who puslied things forward 

vigor 1 

Things thus continued until the Philadelphia aud Reading Railroad Com- 
pany purcluised the railroad from Trevorton to the Susqcehanna River, and 
acquired au interest in the Trevorton coal lauds. They commenced opening 
a raib-oad between Shaniokin and Trevorton, which was r'limplclcd in July, 
1869. Z. P. Boyer & Co. were the finst sluppere of coal .,v.r ihi> road. 

There are two collieries at Trevorton, operated by tlir I'liiladidpbia and 
Reading Coal aud Iron Company. The shipments are not extensive. The 
population at the present time is about one thousand lour hundred, though 
in its most prosperous days it exceeded two thousand six hundred. 

Dr. William Atwater was appointed postrmastcr of the village, on Decem- 
ber 21st, 1850. He was afterwards a citizen of Shamokin for many years. 

On Tuesday, December 24th, 1850, Mr. Michael Chappell was married 
to Miss Rebecca, daughter of James Reunie, Esq., the pioneer of Trevorton. 
In honor of the event, the following presents were bestowed: The wife — tlie 
best dress in Comopsy's store; the husband — a town lot. 

The "Trevorton House" was the fii^t hotel opened in Trevorton. It was 
opened by Henry B. Wesiver, the present landlord. In 1850, Mr. Weaver 
was keeping a hotel in Danville, Iml wa.-' induced by Mr. Boyd and others, to 
op;m a ptihlir'hno=.'iri the new inwn jn-t laid out. Mr. Weaver had prepared 

I In- nillaii'iii at ilir tiiiinilinL,' "i lin' t<i«n, and had made r^unic ]iurchases of 
ii'l- nn iLi- m I a-inn. I r;_;i-d liy ilir' ]iiu|irii'tu!\-, he ]n\t up a building for a 

Mr. Weaver still keeps the house, w'hich is a credit to the place 

a erected. 

The first celebration was held Jnly 4th, 1851. ' Mr. Weaver prepared a 
breakfast on the top of the Little Mountain, which was partaken of by a 
number of pei-sons, includiag the Danville Band, who were ou their way to 
Trevorton. An oi-ation was delivered by Robert C. Hellensteiii, Esq., and 
during the evening there was a splendid display of fireworks. 


s a gentlomati by tlie niinient'Ho]niei>, who remained 

David Dunibach was tlie first justice of the peace 


As soon as work in the coal mines was started nt Trevorton, a number of 
Irish Catliolic families, together with a few Germans, wtrc fuuiid in this new 
phicc, attended by Rev. Jlicliuel Sherridad, pastor of St. Josepli's cimgrega- 
tion, at Danville." The fii^t cath.,li<.- serviw was hehl in the hnu.e of Mr. 
Cnmpton, and the fii-^t baptism and marriiigc art ri'mi'ili'i] ni llu i luin-li- 

book, October 1st, 1854. In 18n7, Rev. George Go-tM.- I \, ,-:,.,,, 

priest, the well-kuowu " Father George" thrnnghuut lin \\ ' < \ I 

up a collection for the building of a church. Hecniuimi i~ 

till May, 1859, when the contract for the stoue-wuik «n- -il;o,.,, .i.i.i ,lie 
work commenced. Tlie church is built of mountain whil^.' Miud-ftunc, tiiirty- 
five by sixty-Rve teet; walls, twenty feet high. The llillowing September, 
the ehureh was under roof, and on the 19th of the month, the plastering was 
given out. In May, 1860, the building wat completed, and ou the "iUth of 
the month was dedicated by Bishop Newman, of Philadelphia. But it ^^ as not 
allotted to "Father George" the crowning event of hiis untiriug work. In 
making preparations lor its dc<lication, he overheated hiiubelf, and died on 
May IStli at Milton where he was buried on the 21st The church how- 
e^ei \tas dedicated on the appointed day in thepredenceot alaigeconcouive 
of mouiuiug people of all denominations 

Rev E Sten/el was soon appointed pastor and was succeeded b\ Rev 
M "Nlultlcr^er in lb61 ivho wis, sutceeded by Re\ E Muria\ in l&b2 
In N \cmb i isb3 Rc\ Joaeph Koch was appjintedpa toi of St Jo eph3 
Chuich tt Miltju with thechaigeot St Patricks Tic^orton Since tint 
date tin. L itholic coUfeiegation hiii been attended b\ him without lutciiup 
tion Undei his abk pistorate the debt* ct the churth ha\e betn paid the 
building ha-s been enlaigcd the intLiior has been paintul and hand omeh 
frescoed a stoue-wall has been elected in fioot of the ecnieteij east jf the 
chuieh and ft good substantial fence put all luound the two block* which 
ioim tlie Catholic Chuich piopcrty Under the chaigc of =0 eneigetic ■» 
man as Father Koch uo chuich piopeit) i& allowed to suflei loi want of 

The frequent and continued suspen'-ion in the I | 1 

aflected the Cathohts whoae snj p it dcj ende 1 oi I 

The most of the old lush scttlci left fji sham I I 

improve then condition "-o that the eongn^ition it 1 
exclusively Geiman 

The chuich numbei^ two huudied and fill) comra 
vice is held eveij Suudaj in the yeai eitliei bj Fathei Koch oi his 

This society numbers over forty i 


There were quite a number of Methodist families at Trevorton, soon after 
it started. The society was organized iu 1854. The first pastor was the 
Rev. Mr. Koss. The eongiegation put up a brick building, in 1856, but 
being too small, and not well adapted to church purpo.^e.s, it was sold to the 
School Board, and a frame building, better adapted to the wants of the people, 
erected iu 1858. The church will accommodate four Iiua(ired and fifty. 

The congregation has been greatly reduced during the past year, oiving to 
the large number of removals to other places. 

The membership numbers about one hundred. The present pastor is the 
Rev. John W. Feight. 

This is a fine stone structure, located on Coal street. It was commenced in 
1860, and dedicated in 1861. Mr. Mowton, the superintendent of the Tre- 
vorton Company at tlial time, took an active part in its erection. The con- 
gi'egntion sunn dwindlcil down to a small number, owing to many of the 
nienibei^s moving away, and the building was finally leased to the Evangelical 
Society, who occupy it at the present time. 

This society was started about 1856. Their services were hold in a school- 
home lor some years. During I860, a frame i-hiirch was erected on Coal 
street, but only the basement was completed. It will seat about two hundred. 

The society has rented the Baptist Cluirch tiir five years, and worship 
there. The present membership is seventy. 

The pastors are Revs. B. F. Miller and I. H. Shirer. The trustees are: 
Joaeph Kline, Daniel Smith, David Fei^^ter, L. L, Conrad, and Joel Derk. 

The Lutheran Church is a plain frame building, located on Market street. 
It was erected about 18,^8, The coiigregjition numbers about fifty persons. 

The Lutheian school wai? organised in 187^ The preaeat superintendent 
1= B r MiUei Number of ocholara seventj five number of teacheiij, 
eight number of v ohimeo in librarj 

Mil \ I 1 t \ dl \ th 1 i| 1 ]t\ i ciThtten thou'-and ke^ 

pi r t m thiu^indke^ 

pLi r ihrtU'-and kegs 

p 1 I ; u t nine thousand 

k [-. 1 , - 1 \ 1 ti I ilinl and Schujlkill 

Conutiea md the uft coal icfjiou 

A b Specce has a mertliaut flouiing-mill, watei'-power with the capacity 
of one hundicd bushels of gram per dftj 

H. J. Reun has four lime-kilns at Trevorton, at wliicli he burns large 
quautities of lime for the siirroimding country. 

There are four lodges of secret societies in Trevorton. They are Knights 
of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Red Men, and jVmeriean JMechanics. 

There are four dry goods and grocery-s 

There are two good brick school buildings, one located on Shamokin 
street, the other on Marketslreet. There are six schools, divided as foUows: 
One high-school, one grammar-school, two secondary-schools, aud two pri- 

Jliss May Hay, a most-excellent and experienced teacher, is the Principal. 
The scliools are well graded, and in a very gatiafbctory condition. 



The firet scliool-lioiisc waij a snmil one^Uiry building. lu 1857, tlic Board 
secured tlie servicts of Miss Hiiy, of Potteville, who first graded the schools. 
Some years ago, the Methodist Chureli was pui-chiused tor a school-house, and 
now has two schools. lu 1872, the fine two-story liricli building on Shnmo- 
Itin street was erected, containing four rooms, well ventilated, heated by a 
furnace, and furuished with patent desks. 

tin I ei^ona atTre rt is t | oueerMjttler lanes Ken 
ma ot ruit nt 11 gen I p u be n^. luct n d 1 tl e 
1 r „ rd t 1 u t oual t 1 c r 1 1 1 I a u ne tl e a 
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all tl at I a. h rn at Ber k-on £ td a sn all sland 
!,.a d d u utral gro 1 

1 fiS 1 o eq e tl h s ghtj n nth 

1 SO anllrt ttl d t lott He but soo 

Ic b a a I mted th Mr Belli. VI out 

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til n Sunbury h ch as t el e m leo off 
1 e d d 1 ot set a oman s face fiom CI r stmis 

I d tor jean, na tl e ole i 

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-where the Grand Hotel no 

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Suuin eso T 

ands ap u d b g eo 

The first settler in the \'icmity of Mount Cannel, of which there is any 
record, b a Brooks Wilkerson, who made pots, somewhere nmr where Gra- 
ham's tavern uow stands, in 1809. 

The first house ereeted in Mount Cnrmel, was by Kiclmrd Yaruall, about 
1812. He erected a log hotel on the site of the present "Deffcn House," on 
the corner of Third and Oak streets. He kept tavern here for four years, 
when he moved near Benr Gap. Thomas Osinuu succeeded him, and kept 
the house for several yenrs. In 1831, the house was taken by Felix Lerch, 
and kept by him iinli'l 183S, wheu ho was (bllowed by Solomon Fegely, who 
kept it :-evera! years. Paul Roth .succeeded Fegely, and kept the place for 
several years. ■\\''hcu Roth left, the tavern was abandoned for some time ; 
but in 1846, wlien the ^team saw-mill was erected, the hotel was opened by 
a Mr. Perkins. In the Spring of 1849, Felix Lerch, again took the stand, 
and kept it until 1S54, when he was succeeded by his sou, William H. Lerch. 

The town was laid out in 1853, by Charles Hegins, F. W. Hughes, W. L. 
Dewart, and others, and in 1863, was created a borough. The town derives 
its name from tlie jKist-office here named, with this scriptural title. The 
present populai 

s about two thousand. 

Tlie krst marriage iu the town, was that of Charles Culp to Elizabeth 
Lerch, daughter of Felix Lerch. A lot was presented to the bride. 

The firet child born in the town was Sarah Culp. 
John T. Mervine was the first teacher i 

First shoemaker, Isaac HoUistcr; first tin^hop, Benjiimi 
blacksmith, Isaac Miller ; firet carpenter, John H. Yarnell. 

Dr. William J. Haas started the fii-st drug-store; David J. Le^^-is started 
the firet dry goods store; AVilliam H. Lerch started the first shoe and cloth- 
ing-store; Henry Trngellar started the first hardware-store. 

The first house was erected by D. J. Lewis. 

First physician, Dr. William J. Haas; first dentist, George Meai^. 

Paul Roth was appointed the fii-at post-master, in 1846, when the Brad- 
ford's steam saw-mill started. 

D. J. Lewis was the firet shipper of coal by railroad ; the shipment v 
made from Green Ridge Collicrj-. 

Chief Burgess, Dr. William J.Haas; Council— John H. Yarnell, Wil- 
liam Biles, A. F. Stecker, J. L. Stine, and Obed Kerr; Constable, George 
A. Keeler ; Justice of Peace, Felix Lerch. 

Mr. Jesse Yarnell is the oldest citizen. He is a sou of Richard Yarnell. 
He states that. years ago he found many Indian relics around Mt. Carmel, 
such as dart-lieads, etc. 

An Indian trail leading from Mfthanoy to Cata>vissa, p^es through Mt. 
Carmel, and Mr. Yarnell was familiar with its coui-se. 

This was located on the Centre t 
Northern Central Railway. It was 
the Revolution. It was an old log 

irnpike, a short distance north of the 
erected by a Mi-. Lomison, previous to 
was last kept by Jesse 


Yenra ngo, it wns kept by a niaii by the name of Kiinkle, nnd after that 
by one nnmed Riffert. Diiiiug this time, numerous robberies were com- 
mitted in the vicinitj', and it ivas supposed this old building was their head- 

\ the Mt. Carrael House, the 

Chief Burgess, Geo. E. Moaer; Couneil—H. T. John, Rudolph Herb, B. 
Harvey, John Stiae, Chns. Whitman, and David Camp. 

There are two school buildings — one lirick and one frame. The brick 
building is two-stories liigh, and cuutaiucs foui' rooms, iuruished with patent 
desks. The rooms are heated by a furuace. It was erected at a cost of four 
thousand dollars. 

Tliere is one liigli-achool, one grammar, one secondary, and tliree primary 

For the past two yeai-s, they have been under the charge of Prof. Jno. E. 
Roes, during wliicli time they have been brought up to a liigh degree of ex- 
cellence. During 1875, the average attendance was three hundred and fifty, 
out of four hundred admitted. 

Tlie firet religious services wpi-e held in the scliool-honse, about 1853, by 
tlie Rev. Mr. Fislier, of Sunbury, The first church erected was the Jletho- 
dist, in 1854, through the efforts of Rev. F. B. Riddle, then of Shamokin. 

Tl Ca I 1 i M C m 1 d b R "M SI d n pn tor 

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E hundred and hftj ,chulai 

A Polish congregation has been recently formed, under the chai-ge of the 
Polish priest of Shamokin. They have divine service regularly on every 
Sunday. There are about two hundred and fifty comnmnJeants. They 
ivorehip at present in St. Mary's Church, but purpose building as soon as the 
times will admit. 

There is also a Polish Beneficial Society connected with the church, which 
numbers upwards of seventy members. 

This church was erected in the Pall of 1871. The first services were held 
that Winter, by Rev. Thomas Bowman, presiding elder of Pottsville district. 

It was organized into a mission in 1872, with the Rev. James Bowman as 

The present pastors are Rev. L. N. Worman and N. E. Sheik, The 
church is a brick structure, forty by sixty feet. The audience-room is not 
yet completed, but the services are held in the lecture-room. The church 
numbers sixty members. 

The school was organized in April, 1872, by the Rev. James Bowman, 
the fii-st missionary, who was the first superintendent. The pr^ent superin- 
tendent is L. N. Worman. Number of seholai-s, one hundred and forty; 
number of teachers, twenty-five. 

Have no library, but use papera, etc. 

The Lutheran congregation was organized in 1860, and during same ] 
obtained a charter. The first pastor was Rev. JIi". Heisler. He was 
ceeded by Rev. J. F. Wanipole, who atlendfd this charge for mauy y 

The cimreh edifice was dedicated July 20tb, 18157. It is a neat, ] 
frame building, located on Jlount Carniel street. The present pastor is . 
J. A. Adams, who preaches here every two weeks. The memberehip i 
hers about fifty. 

Was organized soon after the congregation was formed. Number of scholars, 
eighty; number' of teachers, ten; number of volumes in libtarj-, thi-ee hun- 

Located just outside the borough limits. Rev. I. P. Sanders is the pastor. 
Membership about fifty. There is a Sunday-school connected with the 

The church edifice of this denomination, is located on Market street. It 
was erected in 1871. The memherahip was not obtained. 

About 1856, Rev. Jlr. Rolhrock preaobod in the public school-bouse. 
This was the first Methodist .-nl.. In AI, c.ummI. At this time, a class was 
formed, and preaching in tli> ■ '.i'! ni'casionally. 

AVliile Rev. F. B. Ridill. ^■. -iKinmkiu, in 1S5S, and was 

engaged in collecting for th,- .lun.l, .i ii:.,i r .,.■■ , In- mot Mr. Auspach, in 
Philadelphia, and solicited him fm- j - ..i.[nl.iiii,.i(. Mr. Auspach, being 
concerned in Mt. Carmel lots, replieil tli;ii li :i _M..iti."!i-i Church should be 
built in Mt. Carmel, he would subsurih.' n^.. I, miJ llliy dollars. 

Ml-. Riddle at once drew up a MLi>.r,i|.iini,, ai.,1 ,Mr. Aiispach g:ive two 
hundred and fifty d.ill:u>. Tliis .nrnurils tor the unmmoncement of the 

church edifice. Tli.' \v..ik <■ .-i^ntrd, wont un apace. The follo\\-mg lots 

were given: Fraulc HuL-li.-- -'^iv '"" !"l-i; John Hughes gave one lot; Gen- 
eral Bickcl gave tMn Inls. 

The loUowing building i-onioMll. .■ u,n- Mp|i<.iiilv^!; KhiiR'I Heiscr, A. F. 
Sleeker, Joseph Ramsey, .Inlni Vnru.ll, ii,„l h^mj.l IIh-,-,, 

Trnstees; Daniel Heiser, 1V|. ■ V... urn, aiul S. K. ( ;il::, i , 

A brick building, tbirty-tivf Ijy lorLy-livi: f^Li, was Livuiuii :tt acost of one 
thousand five hundred dollai-s. It will seat tliree hundred and fifty persons. 

The present pastor is N. W. Colburn. The membership is about seventy- 
one members. 

This school was started soon after the erection of the church. It is in a 
prosperous condition. 

The present superintendent is Frederick Gross. Number of scholai-s, one 
hundred and thirty-five; number of teachers, twenty-three; number of vol- 
umes in library, five hundred and sixty. 


E POST, NO. 92, G. A. R. 

Tiiii? is pr.jlifibly tlie strongest aiid most active post in Northuniberknd 
Coiiiity. 'l)ii-y liavf iurnrnplislied a grent deal of good since tlieir orgaDiza- 
tiiiii. ^^ I'liliy I ,>iiii:iiKs Jinve been relieved, soldiers' oqilmns have been seat 
III luniii.)- M iiiiiFl- iirL.i\-idcd for this purpose, and a large amount of charity 

The present officers are; P. C, D. J. Lewi-^: Senior V. C, A. Ayres; 
Junior V. C, D. Delcamp; Q. M., J. Gnnld; AdjuUmt, Dr. F. M. Tlionins; 
Relief Committee, 'William Si-fii.d. A. Ayr..-, ami Jusi.-|>h Dclfamp. 

During the- present rl,. .. !,:u. . ■ "n:|,l, i- ,1 :i liiind-nMi,. )i;,Il, which 



The present officers of this lodge are: P. C, John Heinrich ; C. C, Thomas 
Wiirdrop; V. C, John Lawson; P., George Scott; M. of E., Joseph Blonch; 
JI. of F., Isaac Keiser. 

The lodge is in a flourishing condition. 

Tiiis lodge was instituted a number of yeai-s ago, and comprises in its 
membei-ship many of the leading citlswns of Mt. Carmel. It uumbei's about 
fifty members. The meetings are held on the fii-st Tuesday evenmg of each 
month beibre ftill moon. 

The prsent officials are: "\V. M., H. T. John ; S. AV., William Philiiis; 
J. W., J. H. Smith ; Secretaiy, Joseph Gould ; Treasurer, Morgan Davis. 

A nourishing lodge, with a number of most excellent membei"*. The pre- 
sent officials are: N. G., W. W. Watkiiis; V. G., John Poivell; Secretarj-, 


Ld, Ju 

Builiiiiiii. Thr l.aiik i.- iii.,!,-r ili,. r-,,iii r..l ni -.,li.l iMi-iin-s men, and is in an 
<ix<-r\\.u\ .■niMiii,,h. 'l'lKai„ninil.,l,i.|M,.ll-;,v,ia;i..-.-ixry thousand dollars. 
TJif pn,-.'Lt dii-L-aur; are: Aiuus \':iaiiiL>, jiru-iduul; S. A. Eergstresser, 
vice-president; H, D. Rotheimel, cashier; A. M. Montelius, secretary; 
Robert Davidson, Joseph Reeder, Simon Vought, Joseph Defien, Henry 

; Secretary, M. K. Watkins; 

lined in 1S69. Number of shares sold, nine hu 

t tliree huudred fi-ee slinres on hand yet. 

[it, S. D. Allen; Secretary, George E. Jlose 

Tlio piiucipal iiiwint.^.- nf tlii.>i/ i> ihc nianufactureof screens and the 
huihiiufr of driit-cars. There are six nieu employed. A five-horse engine 
furnishes the power. Tlie sliojjs are well .supplied with all the requisite 
machinery for their business. 

Tliese works were started some years ago, and have changed hands several 
times. The present proprietor is George E. Mtraer. He is prepared to do a 
large business, but at the present time, owing to the dullness of the coal 
trade, the works are not doing a very extensive business. 

East Ward — Real estate, two hundred and niuety-four thousand two hun- 
dred and fifteen dollars; peraonal, four thousand three hundred and thirtj'- 
five dollars; total, two hundred and uinety-eiglit thousand five hundred and 
fi% dollai-s. West Ward — Real estate, one hundred and ninety-five thou- 
sand four hundred and eighty-four dollars; peisonal one thousand five hun- 
dred and fo tvs \ dollars total oue liindred and mnetyse\ en thousand and 
thirtj dollar^ 

Ciiuicl piopeit^ &e\c tj fi\e tl ai I loll !■& cl ool iiojt ty, thirty- 
five tl o i an! doUii-h lc ctui ]i j t h^c tl ou^i 1 doll i> total," one 
luindre I and hfteen tl ou«au 1 loll i-, 

John Hougli S21,11S 

M. Donohoe, 17,09-1 

George Sdiall, 18,814 

William Starr, 4,084 

Jonathan Hoover, 2,021 - 

David Heiser, 1,600 

I. A. Montelius, 1,175 

Wt. Carmel House, Defl'en House, and National Hotel. 






size and gieat iertdil\ lln.- i inil iL\ii n ii\ run liii li iiiii )- 
and tlie geneial cour-e ot tlic mam ■-titam at rhis point it. ueailj «outli 

The We=t Blanch Cuial pTs^e^ through the town as doe- iho the Phda 
delphia and Reading, and th Phil iddi)liia an J Eue Riilioid;, 

B\ the crui o jf the KltLi ih. h tamt i'* abjut t«o huudicdiudse\eutv 
fi\e mile- t the <_iti I I-ia ih [il\ p it which Peuns^h ima hold's 
upon the _Ktt liikt tt ihi n ilh w t 

Thi=i-tlRMdtou tl lu ih ihh\ fl UN hm_ mdii-tiiuubhoHughof 
ioui tliou-itnd inhal itaiilt Iiiil i i lui^ i il \ i i t^Iiit n tlummi. 

hid Jie\er beeu spoken Cl th< u^hl I i \ tl rl I I iid hu^-,— 

tooien tobecveu callel ahniil I— \\hi I t I il I I 1 nl 1 Luul 
stone Run 

Weiealh ha\e no knowledge i J thi. i.\tiit whuh tciiiicd thcic ji lu 
Its immcdiite ^^LlnllJ uutd aitci tlic \cii 1770 but notwithat iudin„' the 
lack ot hLstoiical data up tn thii- peimd it can hardh be Irm as oue 
chioniclei ha', it th-it lu 1772 tlie jihuc wWtl Milton now vtan 1~ « \s 
co\eredln i den c fore-t nut no x»n\ wu. Iil ud -i^c thit ot (hi imM 
beostoibiid oi ot the Iiidnn is lie rouuKd o\o the ^aouud- lu <iuh t 
pre^," tor it appcir- tint in th it uu Mircii Huhu-. ha I built a I „ 
house and opened It i itn in i u the liend iii Limeat'UtRuu md that 
MauuB Hulings Ji n i I il M i ii' phew if the ioimer hid e-tab 

lished a bla k-,niith h | lu ih i u\ ili ii\er inohabl) ibout the pieaeut 
mteraectiiin ot Bioul\\ i\ mi Ii m iied- ijid i little latei Geoige 
McCaudbsh opened another tl^eln n \\hu w is aftciwaids the Hcpbuin 
farm (now withm the boiough limit i «hi. Ii mi 17(t) hid giowii to lu.h 
importance, that on the 8th ot Jid\ lutllat^eu m cleetim ^\a. held thrie, 
iorthechoice of delegates to the Penn>-\hauii Conititunonal Con\ention 
ThcHe facts seem to mdicate qmte conclusive!}, that theie must ha\G been 
a considerable number of settlers in the viemity, at least as eailj as 1772 , 


TT 1 f 1- I 1 II 1 p 1 tl 1^ 

tl H 1 I, 1 11 lit 11 11 — p 1 p 1 tl 

— f tl I tl t tl T 1 V t 1 L t f C n 

1 ''I- I t d •« II 1 t I — tl bl k 1 — 1 n t 

k I 1 bl 1 1 till 1 1 t 1 1 t tl P 

m 1 1 1 tt 1 1 1 tl t k I tl t 

I 11 1 t d t tl till 1 I 1 d 1 1 

B I 


n B I I t 1 1 I t 1 t tl i p t 1 11 

r 1 ul 11 I 11 t 111 t tl 11 

111 1 t L I 1 t 1 t k Q n 

tl 1 t li p t ntl i 1 1 1 1 tl T 

1 J H 1 tl t I 1111 n ) 

b tl 1 t ] 1 II 11 1 1 11 — t 11 

m t II I V,] ] 11 

i 1 1 i I I 1 1 I 1 11 1 

11 I I I 1 I 1 1 I 1 11 

And St b 1 ad m p t 1 p tl n n nam 1 Y t 1 b utht 

tl 1 d i th 1 t Cat t t C I n 1 rran and aft a ds 

Y at 1 b E 111 t e=t p I a. d 1 j Stn ub 1 thus 
b 1 

S ttl ii ^ I 1 tl t t f P im il n m 

t d 1 a I Si 1 n I fill 1 tl k tl at a 1 <)4 1 

t da n i b lln tl (1 a 1 t c- 1 1 a 11 as 

dl tl t t a 1 t n tl 1 1 t tl Id 1 m 11 t tl at i 

tb a Ul 1 t d tl t at pt 

4-ft tl II I p L eat K a 1 d t tl 1 a 1 t n tl 

b I I tl b a (> tl t 1 Ig 1 Id b 1 It t 



It b It tl 1 t 11 1 d a b d| 

t I tl Hi, tl a tl a A a.t tl al ut i 

11 tl tl b k 1 I tl I (n r 

1 t It IS 1 1 tl ai I tb 1 

1 tl I 1 M 

Ml \ 11 

tl I I II I L 1 

1 1 1 tl 1 II I 

t 1 t tl I 1 M 

II 1 Mil lit 1 

1 t 1 1 ll It 

1 1 m N I J D D 1 r Ik 

1 t I 1\ 11 D 1 

1 1 1 1 1 M 

tl d 1 la d t t a d dj m D 

f tie 1 aalp le lae I 1 



and 3cliooI-liouse to be ei-ected tliereou, for the general good aud benefit of 
the said towii. The other for the sale and pi-oper use aud benefit of the 
English Pieshyterian congregation of said town and its vicinity." 

Tlie "-clioo] Int was the tiiaugiihir one upon tlie sonth side of the streeet. 

Till- irihai)itanls uf the town nere tbt.rnnghly aivakc to the necessity of 
establishing a sdxiol for the tiainirig and efiiieation of their children. 
They liad had ^onu- dfenltoiy teacliinL' there, to be sure, but it was unsatis- 
factory, aud the ^t-ntiment .=eemi.-d ju-arly unniiimous, that an established 
school, and a re;iuhirly enipIii_T,-fd tPin-lii-r uere ncccesary; and so a meeting 
was called aud <hdy tthicli it Ha- vuted to'huild a school-hoi^e 
upon the tot wliich Andrew Strauh had donated to them, and three persons 
were cho-eii to s-uperintend it* eicctinn. A auhi-criptiou boiuK circulated for 
the purpute, nindy-three peisnus — iiru^unialily heads of families — responded, 
in sums varying fnmi two pounds, five shillings, down to one shilling and 
ten pence. Tiie rc-nlt wa=, that a log huildiug was at once commenced, and 
late in the year 1796, it i\as completed, under the supervision of James 
Faulkner, Julin Cochran, and Geoige Callioun. 

It was called the Milton English School, aud the first teacher was James 

All went satisfactory for three or four years; but in 1799, the question of 
a division of the school, and the building of a second school-house was agi- 
tated, and after sevemi meetings being held in reference to the subject, it 
was decided to divide, and to build anotJier bouse. The work proceeded, 
and the edifice was iinislied in 1802. It was a frame building, and stood on 
the south side of Broadway, upon the site of the present brick school-house. 

In Jlilton was built in 1796, hy Peter Swartz, stone-mason, lor James Black, 
Esq., on hi,- land on Water street, just ni>ith of Broadway. Before this, all 
buildings had been of wnnd— either log •;- IViuiu—aiid tlii.s one was looked 
upon as a very .•superior structure. "When Mr. Black's financial troubles 
came, the 1 louse and hind ttll inf. tla- ],u..(....ini, „f William and Thomas 
Polh.i'k. :iriil is now owndl hv ex-Oovni-i- .lanirs I'nlluck, who is making 
elegant ami .-v:U■uA^■<■ n.jmii- upm, ii. The rhani,li-r of the old mansion 
may be judged frnm tin- tiirt thai, ..ii .Miiy 4tii, IsTr,, when (in its eighteenth 
year ) it was damaged by the fire at the cunicr id' Water street and Broadway, 
the iusuraoee upon it (_exclimve of furniture) was three thousand dollars. 

"Was that of Dr. James Dougal, also built hy Peter Swartz, in 1803. It is 
still occupied by Dr. James Dougal, the son of the first proprietor. It is a 
large, solid, quadi-angular house, and certainly does not seem to have lived 
out half its days. 

The same, or the following year-, Swartz built a third house, of the same 
material, for John Hetherington, in the lower part of the town. 

In Milton, was a oiie-nud-adialf story dwelling-house, built in 1802, for Mies 
Ellen Sanderson, who afterwards became Mi-s. David Ii-elaud. The house 
stood on the north side of Market street, directly east of, and adjoining the 
residence of George Corry, deceased. 

At tbe coinnic 


cement of the ye 

tillj;Mi>l,l,l,lll. T 
the l-llottiiis ia a 

liia-triiJl rf' the It 

■ buildings had been 
I wards the possibility 

of the question, and 


Milton, by a number of the inhabitauta of said i< 
to order, a motion was made for some method to l)e llillen upon to i)roeui 
ladder.^^, hooka, etc., for tbe purpose of preventing anil extinguishing fire i 
tlie town ol' Milton. 

' Agreed unanimously that it was necessarj' to have six ladders, and si 

pok'-s with hooks. 

t/il, ihry sh;ill !"■ deposited in tliefol- 
|i:iii nt' l:iiti|ci.- ;iiid Jiooks at Sainuel 
(■- Mi'Ni'.'lii'- liiiii.-i.>; and one pair of 

"Agreed that the laddei-s and hooks he kept for the sole purpose of pre- 
veutiug and extinguishing fires, and that any pei-son taking them for any 
other use, shall forfeit and pay the sum of four dollars, Avhieh is to be ap- 
propriated to the Use of the Society." 

Millon, in the year 1805, contained more than five hundred inhabitants. 
There wa.s no census made, hut the oldest and best informed residents — 
basing their judgment on the school-lists of that daj, and other data — are 
confident that the numbfi iiiemionMl above, is considerably too low. 

Tlie shape of the >> tth d p:ui- nl tin- timn was— as one of tbe principal 
citizens expresses it— tluit ot a |iaii ul -,idrlle-bags, there being two cluster; 
of dwellings, one belnw tlie ^tmi.- Imd-e, in the present locality of Mahon- 
ing and adjacent streets, and the other on Broadway and northward from 
thence, while the string of shops and business places, on Front street, and 
contiguous to the river, connecting the upper and the lower settloments, 
conij>leted the fancied resemblance to the saddle-liags. 

IVIilton was then a very important depot of agricultural pioducfs, whjch 
were brought there from the teeming country which surrounded it — Paradise, 
Pleasant Valley, Chillisquaque, Buffalo, Sugar Valley, and White Deei' — 
and of course a prosperous merchandise trade, an exchange of commodities, 
was the result. In the frozen months, this traffic passed to aud fro, between 
Milton and Philadelphia, on wagons or sleds, over tbe hills hy the way of 
Reading, the trip occupying three weeks. In the mouths of navigation, the 
route over land was discontinued, aud the business was done by boats on tbe 
river via Columbia. 

The principal general merchants were tbenAVilliam and Thomas Pollock, 
James Moody, Charles Comly and his brother, James and Ezekiel* Sander- 
son, and Seth Iredell. Tlie sinr,'s \ww m..^tly ou Front street, hut tbe 
storage warehouses (iiir grain, i.'tr., i ufir ii| ilif river bank. 

All those mereliants witli, |..ili:i|,-, tli,- fxr,],ii,,ii of Mr. Moody, made 
modest fortunes in their voeatiiai.-. TinMiwiur- nt' boats, too, often realized 
as much of profit as did tbe merchants, and tliey were a class whose well- 
being was closely linked mtli that of the town. 

In Milton, and the only one at this time, was Michael Cower. There "were 
four blacksmiths, of wdiom Jerome Egler was one, and two cabin et-niakei-s 
on tbe main street— James McCord and one Moody. Philip Goodman, from 
Berks County, was a weaver and a maker of weaver's reeds. A Jlr. Kirk, 
a Scotchman, was also a weaver. Botli had shops on Front street, and near 
them was the store and workroom of Shank, a German hatter. 

About that time, was started the earding-mill of Henry Follmer. It .-tood 
on Limestone Run, a short distance out of town, on premises now owned hy 
H. P. Follmer. McGowan's sickle and earding-mill, at Front street, was 
built a few years later. 

On a hack lane, now known os Elm street, stood two distilleries, owned by 
Moses Teas aud Samuel Teas, with a large storage-building belonging to 
eaeh; and near them, Armstrong's tannery was doing a small husine.-s in 
the tanning of slaughter-hides ; while only a few yards aw.ay, Strauh's frame 
mill — now thirteen yeare old — still kept chattering away, in the production 
of honest wealth. 

And the only one in aiilton, at that time, was that of Isaac Osburn, who 
made both flour and whbky-ban-els. Some of the people complained of 
the din which he made by his hoop-driving, and certainly it was far more 
noisy than the clack of the flour-mill. 

There were other cvillings, wliich clearly siigL'ested luxury, vouiil' as the 




kept a millinery estalili-linnjLi 
Hannah, While, as n';i;LiiU i 
to furnish it, from hi.- genteel 
several boot and shoenudier-, 
Wood, whose residence aud sh 
establishment, even in that I'm 
boots with high legs, and tops 
sixteen dollars! 



David RitteulioueG was located on Front sti-cet, ns a clock and ntcl 
maker — or, rather, repairer ; and Pliilip Housel was engaged in tl e e 
biisiue^-. Eiieli of these gontlcnien annexed to his oi'diimry trade-t tie tl e 
more sounding one of silvei-sniith, ami each, at a later day, rece el tie 

15 u I 

lal di" 

■ Just 

i the Pe 

had the 

TIn-l, Mi.ui-.riLin ij:id Iniiii ;ii.,l k,|,t ;i puhlic-house, ou the Spot no 
uiTiipirJ l>^ ilM.KM-IHiiL'Mr ^il■. ].:,:,.. lirnwn, on Front street. But Monl> 
giiiiiLTv ]i;itI dii iI irj l.s(i2, ;iHii ihr Ut.n-r \v:is tlien kept by John Brad 

DiLvid Drrricksiii) uddt'd to lii^^ voriUinn of auetioueer, that of ii n keeper 
and \i\f Uwvru was .m the east side of Front street, just helow, and adjo n ng 
tilt- i.n..-fi]t pivnii^L-s .if Gotloh Brown. (ThiiL hotel wa.'i afterwards ca ed 
away by thf yrt-iit Limestone Rim flood, iu 1817, and was theu o\ ued bj a 
Mr. Hill.) 

Bethuel Vincent's iun was at the corner of Front street and B oad a} 
and was, at this time, probably the most frequented of any, except Jol n 

Christian Holler was inn-keepei", sadler, and cavalry officer. His nn as 
on Front street, below the bridge, the spot now occupied by the p em es ot 
P. H. Schreyer. 

Joseph Hammond's tavern was in the upper portion of the town and as 
a great deal irccjuented by those wliose fancy ran in the direction of fine 

; the lower 

His 1 

on a site which would novbe de- 
t and Lower Market streets Go er 
r of good, .--olid German amuse neuta 

e. Tho 

■ tie 

provoked the ill-will of those whom firL-umstauc&s compelled to he al ent 
nnd who were occasionally known to attompt nnuoyanc-e of the part ea 1 
by lowering live geese down the oapiicious chimney, and iimny oth ar 

tricks, partaking .somewhat of the malicious. But the appearance ot tl e ol 1 
soldierdandlurd, with a "Queen's arm" in his hand, and threatemngs and 
slaughter njion his tongue, always caused the outsiders to cease the r anuo} 

While speaking of the gracefiil science, it would be unpardonable to on t 

a mention of Robert Pattei'sou. He was the dancing-master par excellc ce 
of tho loiver A^''est Branch Valley. It was not alone at Milton, but at No I 
uniberland, and Lewisburg, and Muncy, that he was known, and pat o zed 
and feared ' for at that day ind in that ueighhorhD^d none darea-=e t tl eir 

la n t ] 1 t t n le» ti f t nt f g t I tj bore the te pa 

1 n ta 1 t Roh t P tt u J ug n a t 
Mr- Patt n-isldt n c]! ladn ental aud t 

e J 1 obal le tl at u u 1 ot tl i oi ula t ot tl 1 b nd efi t It om 

tl e beaut) a 1 ae o npl 1 raents f tl f 

A 1 I u a I tl 1 g h ol 1 e n Lo e ^la ket 

11 I I B n p I 1 t tl P uh te u e en fo tl 
111 II I I n dClu 1 1 jl 1 Id agonal e e tl ere 

1 1 I 11 1 u I !| 1 tl til' loo 1 Tie 

■\1 tl 1 I I d tl I 111 I Tl e as 

n t n 1 B 1 1 1 1 n (1 I tt tl 

11 C tl 1 I IJu 1 I I I 1 1 J fom 

t t t 1 e- I I II 1 i 

n Tl I I Ida gula il ot u tu„ lofe I u 1 bu Id ng 
M I I 1 1 "\Iilton 1 e e tl e Pe JI Dep ej m n stered to 

1 I I I 

il III tl 1 1 11 fir T ■\r k tieet 

an I tl i 11 II II I 1 utl 

of tl t I 1 II i I I I I i J Til 

I It 1 II k II I 1 I 111 1 

r |l ul tl IHltantlis 

III I pul tl i s I lar» and o son e e te t tt 

II r 1 M O n tleda felte otauEps oialancle jm n 

Had been ratabl b1 ed the p evious j em , w ith Bethuel Vmcent as post na te 
The office was at Betliuel's tavern. Front street aud Broadway. A ou g 
man named Moore was the carrier, iu the employ of Jaines Cumm n, a 1 

There ee otelegajls a I a> o t e t! en Tl e Europea 

na Is 1 e t u ;a ( 1 a k t si r o n ^ I f m tl urty to 

i\t da ^ gt o u lie ne ion PI lal Ijha M Itoo 

a. tire la anltl n 1 as eekl i fro n he ea. n 

satu la lit nd cor cspo d nee p el! rou^, this lender 



ell en gl and I o can saj that at the 

o fe t-iu as ttl nlere up it\ fresi 

tC t I T u en t n Para a d 

I ou g Robert 


Vnd c b r 1 the g I or to 

aa asal M Da e Sn t » si 

Mr St «ub s e tc pn 1 1 1 h -it n pelu a 1 Mr 

Sm 1 1 ad I nc „ 1 In a 1 M Ito I tl e fame 

wh cl he acl e (1 a. i V 1 I t N r 1 n b 

land uone px I I 111 II r 1 e s uo 1 i r 

re f nj u 1 ve h I ea I I L tun ral on and eulogy p a- 

nounedat^ b nlOTo t occ nofl e is ot George \\ nsl 
ington B t a 1 „ n a t I 1 a r d 1 c 1] e r old eve, o 11 
fill and tl e r ee ^ t en 1 ] Id I ood tha da 

n tl e ol 1 L 1 e a CI uel II din 1 

c tizen d ug seats and l! n i d 

aud ete 1 eld tl eu 1 I 1 „ t be lo t d 

1 tl e 1 le a 1 r e c n o ed o tcnis a 1 e tol 1 tl en n atra of 
n ar el ) j 1 o ot the ueo a d leeds aud death ot tl e 

rati er 1 I C 

11 at 1 1 i u 1 b ougl t h a el eats a 1 honors y tl 

out t u 11 d to JO) tl en Even tl en tl e 

hado 1 dunnf tie ue\t jear 1806 botU 

Dan el V I 

The oulj 1 n T T ,. r 1 n 1 I p 

I e held to 1 u 

m 1 9b t 1 D P 1 II 

It not onl e I 1 M It 

aho e tl o t 1 u a d 

n e H t, erenadeonl la k a n n I I n u 

saldlebags nl ak n„ i Ll | i|toi^ T I [a n at 

■W lute Dee BuH !o -^ ga \ all aud ot e po t 1 r 1 

crowed tie 1 1 ferr at tl e M rr taim a loitdislna love tie to n 
at G or^e II H us belo tl e aland hen tl at fe aa eatablisl cd 

Ho k 

It 1. tl e 

1 J oec-k ous le t by tl u 1 
ne ente mg M Itou nt 1 1809 hen 

1 o 1 J 1 a he I . 1 end d 1 

, tl Hfeh 




of th 



Tiiree ve 

in. la 




town ll;l.| 




■ liiJ'' 

been i- 

rcrlu.l .,( 1 



.1 of the hi 

■octiou, is uot exactly 
rul niifl fifteen, which 

■ Iniin nine hiiiidred. 
ijMirtaiice liiiriiig tlie 
If ni'w hiiildiiigs had 

-I .i,,ii.-. mie of the 

■ ll.tliuil Vincent, mi 
hi- iiiiik.ii among the 

Tlic nbdvp iip]ieared in the MiUomnn, which wjis the first uewspapei- pub- 

hpr, by General 

, ill one respect, 

in|itiu» ofspiri- 
■iT. inakiDg the 

\v.x Bnh- 
.ries) to 
:is lolly 

■ tub of 

t. The ^ 

. -I. :.,i. ■ I. . ■ ..■■■: ■■ ■ :i;u-h-..- of a 

s an establisliment most creditiihlc to tlie now borough. 
1 confeiring atill greater dignily, was the 

3 yciR hofoie, under a State charter, and 

iiiMi w ' I ■ . ■■■.-■ 1 ■■ ...i ■ ■ ."I'-ii build" 

ii,, ■'.:...,■ I :,■ .,. ,.,... ,,. !i, ,!■■, Hotel. 

otluT, tt-micd to marl; ihf Imiua^di nf :Miltuii a- :i \A:ux- i.f coiLsoiiiieiicfi — to 
remove all guspicioc of rusticity, and to stiiiup iudelihiy upon it the charac- 
ter of a town. 

A new and ven- Md.stanliii! w icn huiidin- bad bivn L-rui't.-d „n Liine- 

BtoneRiin, \^.-' -.1 I'l -i,. ^ l.-., M-i,,.. ,., :.-,,. u.lih--iiim and 

sickle nmriiili ■■ \l ■■■ I- K I... I ■ ;. i ■ ... Mui-k.-epiug 

David Kitteuhou^i- Icfl | Ii;i-i il i]i. - unii. i' i ■■■■ >i ■.!.!■ miy, and 

removed the business tn .Miii..h. mh-I n^ ail\ :iii ; i ii .nittris had 

Tcceived sucli augmenlaiinn- am! ;ii'/'f.— Imi-, ,i- m _ii' .. ■ .|-.[i-ri in tlie 
uatumi course of the town's growtli. Anion;; iln^rii war* ilu' lii-^l piihlic 
bakery, which was advertised hy its propiietor, as tirtllows: 

" Hen- iiiiil (.'yiitT will be kept constantly ou hand. 

•' N. Ii. — Tavt-ni kcepera imd ferrymen may be supplied with every kind 
of hrejid or cakes, which will always be kopt on hand. 

Grace, fhcdaiii; 
the profession : 
Haven, and diii 

Theonlv pin 

1 botii sides of the r 

Was hel.l bv the Episcopalians. V 
olics, and the German Refonn..-.l, 
had un ivL'ular pa.lnr. Tlir I.n 

liiiid, -iiinvinL' jilairdy that there were 
(V \.ai- :vj.n, a< well ;i,-; iluw. It was but 
ill Sii'\\,ir,| Ma.- advi.*rtis(^d and denounced 

um Miltnn to TnrhutviUe. and Dr. James 
li. .!■-,■, near where the Paradise churches 
dy l.'ith, 1S18. For twenty yeai-s, he had 
)■ in JMiltoii, hut over a large section of 
Many of his students atVcrwards became 

, M.-tliodist-s Lutherans, Cnth- 
I-! named, and the Jlethodists, 

miunity at large, is now under repair. 


s<i (Idpdbdb d 

li d T 

Bra h h 

D to er 

P P 

J p E d tob 

d 830 d mp ed 3 I ns b by 

!■ aft 4d rbiip83-ajpb 

m h d 

te d d mb d h h 

3 of floating ice, as to be eutuely immanageable. Ho bad neither oar 



nor pntldle, and, indeed, if lie Imd, tliey would have been useless. He was 
in the swiftest part of the stream, and whirling along, sometimes broadside 
to the current, and sometimes stern fnremo.'it. But his shout.^^ were heard 
on shore, and his neighbors were not slow in showing their will to help him. 
They inouiited their horses, and armed with coils of rope, rode on to Linden, 
to head him off, and, as they lielieved, to rescue him there. But they had 
miscalculated their strength and skill, for they laiied to reach him, and so 
the switX wat<:ni hurried him oii. 

At Jaysburg, they repeated the the trial, but only succeeded in cheering 
him by their shouts and a.=siiraiiees of eventual rescue. 

Again at Williamsport, he went careering past, wedged and helpless in 
the crowded masses of ice, and again they louiid themselves powerless to do 
more than to renew the promise to stand by and not desert him. But night 
had now closed in, and there could be no hope of rescue till daylight should 
come, and by that time were would lie be? They could not keep him in 
sight dnriii- thf hnuis of darkiic^-'. and it must surely he a uight of danger 
1,11.1 .>r -iifF lih. I...1I, li.idilv jujd menial— to him. There was no bridge 
lir,,. ,v |,niiit ii,iiR-r ihi.i, :\Iill.m, but ihc vm- fact of its 

ni„ i, If ui-ii ;,l;.i .l;i\ii^;lit."anil // he c.iuM safclv pibv-^ the Muncy dam, and 
survive- all th" iicrils of tJie ice and the tiood, and the cold, and 7/ the 
friendly light would coine helore he reached the Milton bridge, they would 
certainly save bim there. Ho tlic monnteil niessengci's went on, carrying the 
warning to Muncy and Milton, and he was unwillingly left to the mercies of 
the night and the river. 

The current was very rapid, and swept liiin on, till soon he was nearing 
the dam at Muncy. We may imagine, but we can never know, his anxiety 
as be approached it, his thankiiilnes?, when he found liimself safely past, 
nor the eagerness of his gaze, as he looked in vain to the eastward, over the 
Muncy hill.s, for the first strcukings of the February dawn. He was moving 
on as riipidly as ever, hour after hour pas.-^ed, it was but a few miles more 

I1 lii-r;iiii,. I \ ill m ili;ii 111' (ini-( |Jii.-- .MlHiio in the darkness, and could 
iidw uiilv li>iik l-ii Li- fViniil- tn -iiv- liiin ;it Lewisburg or Northumberland. 
Ill- kiirw ihry whmM l>r lin'iv. il ihr( Diilri! iit Milton. Thcy would have 

I earnest he set himself at work, with what means he had, to get in 
: bis flat to tlic island, but, after two or tliree houR of vain labor, 
lii.s boat anil himself moving into the current, and again carried. 
,■ iliiwii llii' stream. But it was inorniiig now, and the hard labor 
liad liiiil, ill .-iKicavoriug to laud the boat, had moved his blood, 
■n uu;iy ilir . Iiill and nunibnes-s so tiiat when he approached the 

Thi- riMui L>, ulirji rliiv .-:iu lie would pass in the east«rn channel, had 
gill III.' jLiI uiiuii iliiii Ml lii.ii 111' I 111' briilg<' witli ropes securely looped, and cast 
over the h.i.ic— which uli- m tv runvrJiii'iilly dime, a^ the bridge had not yet 
been weather-boarded. 'Ilnv ii iinil, Imwivii, rhnr he would he too much 
benumbed with cold to ^"■■■uvr liini-lf in iln' ii...ii-, m tliat he might lose his 
hold and drop in the Hv-t. ;iIi, t lii- Imiit Imd |.:i.".d IVuni under him. As 
Ik- catm- to lli<' upjicr >' nf llie luiili:-. * i.ieriil Ibiiry Fri''k threw him a 
fhi.-k il.iiik.niiii (li-rnnil I l:iiiiiii.iii,l, :iii i.viTinat. m. ili;il if h..- liiilcd tocatch 

did nut need llniii, lnuMvcr, l^.r, a- \«- laiiie near the loop, he stood up, 

gnL-peci i( linidv. and, in :i li« 1 11!.-. wa^ standing on the floor of the 

bridge >ali.' and suuiul, ami, ii jmi-i li'- -;ii.l. hut little injured by his Winter- 

1-Iis boat was caught at Lewisburg, ami was purchased by Mr. Daniel 
Caldwell, who used it as a ferrj'-boat between Watsontown and White Deei' 

Was built in 1832, by Khn.iiiL- W. I'lillmk. 

The Straub mill, and ii.s mh .I'.-i.i-, ihr " ICckert," had enjoyed a monopoly 
iu their line for forty years, biiL 11..W llic ulher portion of the town, although 
it poEBeH.sed no water power, invoked the aid of atemn, and this Pollock mill 
waa put in motion on upper Fi'out street, opposite the Rhoads foundry. 

Its builder, Mr. Pollock, is now a resident of Shamokin, and president of 
a bank there, but the solid old stone-mill— now owned by Mr. Bickel— is 
still runningas glibly as ever, ou the site where he started it, forty-four years ago. 

Of Benevolent, Bible, Missionary, and Tract Societies, there were not less 
than seven then in existence in Slilton, and in 1831, there was organized the 
"Milton Temperance Society," and, for years later, the " Reformed Temper- 
ance Society," — probably, in view of the great "increase of distilleries and 

During the decade which ended in the year 1S40, the population of Mil- 
ton had increased but one hundred and Kfty-six souls. The reasons for these 
unsatisfactiiry figures, cannot be alf-olutely giveu, but perhaps it is sale to 
uafer that the canal had its etiect on the town, just as, in later days, we have 
seen railroads operate unfavorably towards many places, which are jiut ac- 
tually terminal points. At all event.-*, Jlilton no longer seemed to enjoy that 
preference — it might aimo-t be salil monopoly — in trade, which she had 
twelve and fifteen years earlier, when the stable accommodations, below the 
Front street bridge and on Mahoning street, amounting to more than two 
hundred feet, side by side measurement, often lell far short of the demand, 
by farmers, and otbei^s, entering town i'rom a distance, for disposition of their 
grain and produce. 

Trade and methods of transportation Imd changed, not only in the mat> 
ter of freight, but of passenger traffic — freight boats had taken precedence 
of arks and Durhanis, and the packets offin-cd better inducements to trav- 
ellers, than had ever been ofiered by Rulings' or Cummins' stage-coaches. 
These, and the succeeding j-ears, were the palmy days of canal boating, when 
tlie packets were commanded by such royal souls as Captaius John M. Huff, 
and David Blair, who secured a degree of personal popularity and esteem, 
wliich is never attained by raUivuy officials in the hurry-scurrying of their 
profession at the present day. 

On the west branch, was built by Dr. William MoCleery, at Milton, in the 
year 1842. It was driven by a twenty-live hoi--t--puwer engine, wiwing 
capacity about two thou^and five hundred feet per day, of twelve hinu-s. 
The saws wei-e two ■'Malays." None of the slabs, edgings, etc., were util- 
ized, by being worked into lath, pickets, and shingles, as the machines for 
their manufacture were unknoivn at that day. 

- The best white pine and oak timber could theu be bought at two to two- 
and-a-half cents per cubic foot, the sawed lumber selling at six to eight dol- 
lars per thousand feet. 

This modest mill (situated on the east side of the canal just above Locust 
street,) was the pioneer, in the vast lumber-cutting industry, which made the 
city of Williamsport, as well as many other places of lesser importance, on 
the Susquehanna and its tributaries. 

On the west branch, made comparatively little havoc at Milton. The 
principal damage -was done to the Milton bridge, of which the middle setJ- 
tiou, that between the islands, was carried away. The bridge company set 
about re-building it at once, and the work was done by Thomas Slurdock 
and brother. 

During the time between the destruction and tlie re-opening of this section, 
a feriy, from island to island, was operated by Jacob Wheeluud, in the employ 
and interest of the company. 

Connection with Jlilton was made in 1850. The office was in the store of 
William F. Nagle, at the corner of Broadway aud Upper Fi-ont street, and 
Russell Win^.ale wa^ ih- fir.-^t niievator. 

r the 
^ LM.Mui 

1 o])e- 

there w:is hope of recovering, as soon as 
eaual boats, and this was close at hand. 

ring, bur 



Coraiiiuuicatioii with Milton (tlie Ciitawissa') wiis o]jeLO(l iu 1852, ea^ward; 
that is, Milton wius the westc-ru, or iiortlierii termiuus, so tliat ita&Sentrers 
coniiug from the east, iind bouini Ibr Willi am sport, could go, by rail, oiily as 
far aa MiUnn. ; 

Three yeai-s Inter. ( ISSo,) tliat .-^c.linn ol' tl„. Sinilnny road, between .MU- 
tou and Wiilianisiini't, was o]i(;[ied. huf siiil tluvl j.^jiinn between Milton and 
SuTilmry was nut roiiijileted; ^(, ).:i-m ii-i-r- tV.,111 Koiiding or Philadel- 
phia, for Willianisiiort, fould ivadi Miltun hy ihc ( 'uiawissa, but must there ' 
change to the other road to reach AVilliaiii;]n,rt. 

Downward from Milton, the railway wa-, n^n■lw<\ u< Simbiiry in December,' 
uuu-; lino WHS coniiiJeted to 

1855, but it was not until 1858, tlial 
■Harrisburg, and Ihou, and ufit 
bnrg. reach AYi]]iaiLi,-]i.,rt sin, 
change of car.-. Bitl (.■vuii t 
population nf ilir l...iMii^li i,., 

I Han 

11.1 Mil 

had iippii' 

i' and Erie Railroad 
iberland and Muncy 
iL- company to furnish 
I. In thi^, as in most 
11 whiuJi ninto should 
!, and tlionce north- 

. \V;it.< 

and twenty-three dwellings have already been built upon it. These last 
three additions are, chronologically, out of place here, but are inserted with 
the othei-s, for obvious reasons. 

As late ; 

settlement wnitliv ,.!■ niriiliur,, c-xeq>t tiir .uiiiic.'tin- Hlil- uf bu.-ine- places 
and re.-id, ,„■, - ,„, l-,,,,,, ,,,■,■.•(. The project of filling up this vacant ^pace, 
by the Mi„niii- ..!■ :, U'-\\ , uide Street, from Front street eastward, across the 
cauaj, liail lieeii eiiteniiineil for two Or three ycai-s by a number of promi- 
nent eiti/.wi... Tlic pilaeipal obstacle was the Methodist Cliurch building, 
which stood directly iu their route, but this they succeeded in pnrchasing in 
1S59, anil the- way thcu being clear, they opened their thorougiifare I Centre 

of the town. Upnri it -lands rlu> tiiif edi(i.-e of the the Baptist Church, the 

Centre -^eh.iiil-licni-c. :i Llil"' n I"i- uf [ii.i-i desirable residences. Its 

opening ha- pnivcii :l <^\-r:\i l>.iielii, liy L^iadii^Llly building Up the vacant 


' '■ ■ ■ .... ■ . ,. I ■■ ^\''-i Branch 

A short time priur 1,, ilii. ■ July, is.-,:; , Mr. J. J. Keimensnyder had laid 
out -the addition caiKd ".-liaki -|JiiiiL-.' vu.-. North boundary, land of 
Pliilip Follnier; east liuumlai'y, laud of Samuel T. Brown; south boundary, 

land of Teas; west boundary, Sodom public road, coiituiuiug seven 

acres, eighty-five pei-ches. 

Laid out in 1855, extending eastward from tlie borough limit to the "old 
Eollmer farm," and northward from Broadway to Heinen's addition. .'Vi'ea, 

Laid out in 1856, Boundaries : North, Ferry lane; east. West Branch 
Canal; south, street crossing at Nail Works; west, the rivei-; containing 

Was laid out in 18(54, and en,ii;iiii-. i:.iiy acres. It is bounded as follows; 
On the north, by Wa.-liiiiL'hajville ,-.■■.,.{; on the east, by laud of John 
Houtz ; on the soutii, by Limeslonc Hun ; on the west, by borough limit. 

Was laid out October 28th, 1867, and contains tiventy-six aci-es. AV^ 
bonndarj', the river; east boundary, canal and basin; soutli bouiidai 
Locust street ; north boundary, other lands of M. Chamberlain. 

now peaeelidiy and honorably engaged in the pnnsuits of ciril lile. But 
many, too, are of tliose who returned not, but who still lie iiir off on the 
Southern fields on which they fell. 

On the 17th of March of that year, commenced a flood, unprecedented for 

the height nffhe wafer, ami the amuunt ..f damage done, not only at Milton, 

but!\t:Lli .r|;.. |...In[- M..:,. rl,. rr.-v. TIi.' IMlowing account of the liavoc 

came iloiUiug down the river in cou- 
■1 one's eve. that the Milton hrirlge 


ed only a few 

idnalize the losses experienced by different ones 
,i|in-iM,- ill ji newspaper arli.'ie. The families 

I 'lumtRelbrmed 


"There is but little injury d..iie in ilie uppn- p..,;;.. 1, ■ ■ ,- il,,. 

water had litlie or no currenl. In ihe l.,w<r ]H,ni..:i. , .. ■.:,.. ilu. 

current was swifl and stiong, it wii^bed out .streei^ and did yi..a ,Luiui^.. 

"Jlr. John Datesman, of West MiJtun, is a heavy loser iu grain, which 
became wet, and may nearly all be destroyed by not being made dry. We 


I H I 

fu nl H 

Mi^ M 1 

1 1^ 

Ju k I 

null anloCu IT Mj 

t ctk undn n 1 u k e 

a 1 il 1 ii tibe 

ja — 1 n mucllu and 

d I IV 1 I ft J a 1 on cl) gone 

a 1 I r. I n na 

r q u r d asct 


!• t 

/ I no a d ironl "Ml a. n j I ou^l 

o A\ 1 n 1 T e en e oad i» 110 1 d P 1 de p 

an I H ad 1 I Con pnnj n d bea e nan o 1 a 

T I e ad n age o nc d I a n ea I 

d n— 1 d •« 11 am p rt nd ea. a d o Ph ad p a "SI o 

a^ »t a ^ 1 1 — unuing da Ij be een 1 e bo ongl n Le 

I u 

/ / r n p 1 pa t 

N 1 t on 

k, 1 

I LI 1 on 


i g o 1 k c c niT ot Sn a De m e 12 8 5 M 


t-o t a. n 1 oti n c. n a b plac 

Pen gs on howe a^ ed f on t e up u nd n o a 1 oa 

and they ere then fired up as qu ckly as po^ bl 

M an a 1 oug 1 hand euin es a 1 done 1 be- t hen 

s ead 1 gn ng on ug h- fl o fl o 1 a ] as en 

b us fu on 1) f o oof Ju 1 n ah n 1 o \\ a 

son n a d an 1 n le la \\ 1 an C an of 

Leisbgane I-ubunfn u a 

g t a T earn upon fi T np k 

bulefll onuh d a la 

Rv 1 o ad ul 1 

\ H 

lo a s 1 e 
fln ono n nen 

u 1 le h 

h n 

n u d 

1 « Th ou 1 n u n a 

tafil r-d uG nPook 

B ood ad n„ a d h s u 1 d nd ba 1 1 1 . 

Tl e old 1 ou and a mall bu 1 ng on 1 e a c lo an Ho co un e 1 

p ty D Wald on a 1 no D8U an T e Po o 1 

1 u and 1 

d ut n 1 it 

1 ee al 1 nu a 
1 ■* ofli c- c. 

II e mo nber>, of the egal p ofes. on n M Iton a e Jol n P Woliinte 
■n 1 an C La son Jo nPo e »rrank n Bo nd C fl Taj J flood 
B o n P e L Ha k n u Jo n M Cl To 8 S enk J Edn o d 

irDJnesSDualDDndfla DIQD DIP 

Hul D Ch le= H D ™ D J PIC I HI 

D James ^Dalnnp {, d 

jea ol bis a I 8 1 f a b ii 

n 1 e f on I e nd a 0=4 ta o o n 1 f h D n a Dou al 

oad duMlnl ab e 

I o 181 on fo e a a d e ed fo a con 

sib I HkHn ael nleedfon 

sf dudd t 1 88 II 

p otess na n a u a b I J 

emam n;, n. u 

Tl e ap a a n. fo ngu 1 mcnt ot fi e CO sists of a S Isb s earn 

fire eng o k nd d u k and o a g np> 

Telk n| nuln p. nln,andis 

al cd H k n L dd C n n N 1 11 on DP 

Pl-he r n zn ou d p n 1 n and o nude eon 

ol h b ougl au o es en u du ah 



TI t I ll M 1 

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. 1 r kl II I 

si t d r II 


Ed B t tl 


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"> U 1-1 1 J 1 1 11 Idh l( 11 Id r. po- 

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d "II J iOtl 1874 It 

CI PI t 

Ell C , 

D D t I 

Tlisl I 

II 11 dl I 

1. t \ d mj f M 

II g I Id E dS 

I t g n k b g bl k 

S t ■b bl k 

S I bl k 

Is a tliree-stoiy brick bmlding, one liuudred aud foity feet iu depth, with a 
frontage of fifty-four feet, situated ou Water street, a short distance above 

The lower story is sixteen feet, and the audience-liall, twenty-seven feet iu 
height. Iu the firet story are two stores, each twenty by fifty-four feet; one 
occupied as a grocery and seed-store, and the other as a drug-store. Iu the 
rear of these is a room, fifty-four by eighty-six feet, fitted up for a markets 
house, and most suitable for the purpose. In this, festivals aud similar 
gatlicringa are held. It has side and rear entrances for rapid egress. 

1 IS W t t t d tl 1 11 ea h 1 b t 

I 111 U 1 1 1 t , hi te. f 

11 t 1 fh 11 I t 1 1 tic- IS 

111 1 > 11 1 1 I I 1 I 1 t O I I Odd 

fl 1 I 11 11 1 t ll Jit h I d dlifty 

Tl > I 1 ppl 1 th t 1 p rf m OS 

1 11 «- i 1 t es tl 1 II 1 8) «id Tl t b Id 

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TB dJbr&g It as ra dth<;p 

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1 It ISGO bl b) W 11 II 1 1 I I 1 1 ll 1 as Ira t 
t I b tt tj t 11 1 1 II 

Tl ga m ( t 1 1 1 1 « t Id t es 

I d IS hi Id t 1 11 r.. I tl 1 feet B f 

pe> tjea tbp as h d 11 n, p tl d Tl m t 

CI mb 1 Idit th ll d t Lo M k t t t 

I il I lb 6 M C L E 

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lilt Th 

Establbhed in 187o, by C. A. Goodchnrles & Co. They manufacture 
miick-lmr and nails. Kun nineteen iniicliines, and employ about seventy 
bands. Mill located at junetiou of the Keading and Philadelphia & Erie 
Railroads, about lialf a mile from centre of town. 

This is the business eatablisbcd by Joseph Rboads iu 1830, which has 
been before mentioned. After Major Klioiuk, it passeil tlirougb several 
hands to those of the present proprietois, who run it on general foundry and 
machine work, and the mauufacttirc of farmiug implements. 


Of Lawsoii & CompaiiY, consi-tiiiL' 
bcl»»-tlic'..lJRli..afls frainrliv. th 

1 Wliil,'. M:ijvi,..- A I.n>t- 

Of .1. M. Snssemau. It is loMtal on Upper Front atreot, nwrij- opposite tho 
MtCieery saw-mills. Is mo in the mauutiictui-e of engines, lathes, drills, 
and niill-gonring. Was established in 1843, by the present owner, who has 
carried it on constantly till the present time. When busy, thee are eight 
hands employed. 

Of JlcClcery. Newhard & Co. This 1 iii-i 
MeCleerv. in 1S4'2, and has been nieotii 
huih .,„■ il.i. ».,-l l,n,o.'b. The oil .n 

n\ l.v Dr. William 

drying tirenty-five thousand feet i 
present proprietoriu 1867. When 

. I i. to be 

1.. ,_v -L.; ,,iwo-o,riesliigh, 

liTS drv-kilns attached, capable of 
The mill was purchased by the 
to capacity, it employs forty men. 

of Knouf & Co., is situai. ci ai I Vmrc Mrccl, and the Philadelphia and 
Erie Railroad. They ninoiifm.iuiv llunriicj. tiding, doors, ftanies, sash, and 
..bntler.-, r-Ml,i,fvi,...-.. 

,„i,,lMV„vcnty-thrce hands. The 

of Sbimer & Co. This commcnceii work in Milton in 1872, working the offal 
of an nak liill-mill, h»-.tcd in Union CouTdy. That mill was removed to 

jfaeture oak bill- 
irking mncbiuery. 

S7.5, tliirly-tivc [buoenud Jullai 

of i^cvJell A- Tilden. It is situated at tile corner of Upper Front and Upper 

M.„k'l -HV..1-. Tlirv o.aioilaclor.. ..arria^ic-, >|>rin;-wat'on!, and sleighs. 
Tl,,., .,n .^.^ ,l.>.nli:ui'l-. Carri;!,;.- » "Vk- ■ m 1 lli- -il-. ».-r.- .(larled by Robert 

BnUt by George Eekert, in 1816. Mr. Eekert died January 25th, 1850, 
after which it wa,s rented for two yca.^ by George Baker, who, in December 
1851 (before the expiration of his rental) purchased the mill, and has owned 
it till the present time. He doe. custom work, wholly, has four run ol buirs, 
and a capacity of iilly barrels per day. 

On Upper Front street, opposite the Rhoa 
tioued as having been built in 18:5-2, li\ 
owned and run by Elias Bickel, luis tbrl; 
of thuty to tiirty bushels per hour. Auii 
dollars. Custom and merchant work. 



Rcber, a practical taoa.-r frMoi lick- Cuhmv. I'kc taancv was nurneo, 

October 7th, 18117. The |.r.-.cnt one wa- noi.i.dianly n.i-nccd upon the 

ruins, and in the folLwiuu' Hccember il was ,.omi,lcfcd. and business 
resumed. Tlic work is principally sole-leather, of oak and hemlock tammgc. 
Annual productioo, twenty-two thousand sides. Hands employed twenty- 
one. Tannery building, one hundred by seventy-three feet, two-story. 

This husinca was commenced, in a small way. in 18.56, by Robert Wilson, 
who was "the inventor of the machinery osed in the mamifitcture. The 
business increased steadily, and on January 1st. LSllO. he removed to the 
second-story of Goodlandcr's block, wliere it remained until 1871, when it 
was removed to its present location; the new building is on Lower Front street, 
near Philadelphia and Reading Railroad depot. 

The germ from which tills institution sprung, was tlio Mfloii ,So»ms« 
Saals, incorporated in 1855, and organized in 1851), with a capital of only 
twenty-live thousand dollais. James Pollock was prraidont, and Robert M. 
Frick, cashier. 

In 1857, Mr. Pollock resigned the presidency, and W. C. Lawsou was 
elected to fill bis place. 

March Stli, l.'<fi2, it was made a bank of issue, the capital increased to 
fifty thonsand dolhm, and the name changed to Tlic Milloll Banll: Mr. 
Lawsou and Jlr. Frick, respectively, retaining the offices of president and 

On the 17th of January, 1865, having complied with llic rciniremenls ol 
the National Banking Law, it became the Milton Xational Bank, with a 
capital incrau.ed to one hundred thousand dollars, nod with W. C. Lawson 
and Robert M. Frick siill as president and easbt-r. ^ 

Belhnel Viueeol croer, II- |,r-eol .|uarl 
ing-houses, purchased by the bank fiuni lb 
The residence of the cashier occupies the r 


f the property. 

^,„^ ,„., „j commenced business, under the National Banking Law. 

February 13tb, 1861— .L Woods Brown, president, and Samuel D. Jordan, 
Cliabier. In 1875, Mr. Jordan died, when tlie teller, iWr. .John M.Caldwell, was 
promoted to be cashier. 

The institution does a general biuikioe bu-iae-s, and makes collections at 

accessible points. The present pre-,de„t i- J W 1, Bromi, and the cashier 

is John M. Caldwell. Capital, one luiodivd ileni-aud dollars. 

Its first place of business was ;„ ,i laiek l.inllioe owned by the Sanderson 

yeai-s^io'tbeMeek 'Ah- 11 ■ov Hall., oo Fieai stieel. There il ceolioaed 
bnsiniBs until tlic block was destroyed in tbc great fire of December 12tli, 
1875. The safes and oilier property were got out, with but very trifling 
loss, and removed to premises on the opposite side of Front street, owned by 
Mrs. Frymire, and occupied by D. W. Angell, who vacated to accommodate 
the bank. 

Here it did business until July 12th, 1876, when il was moved to tlic new 
banking-house which had been built on land pnichased from iSIr. Huthi 
beiog the same spot which it occupied at the tune of the fire. 

The cost of land and building was sevcu thousand dollars. The new 
banking-house U twenty by forty-five feet-two stories, each fourteen feet 


].igli. Tl.e mnterml 
-girdei?, brick-:in'lic(l •■ 
coiTLgnted iro]i ih".]- 

loeks, aftbrcl as iiuii'li 
ingenious mccbniiisin ( 

with oightecii-incli wnll?. 

liciiins niid 
ir, n, ncnriy 

(Tlltll CJIoivs tl.P 

.Tnl.n H. Kruwn. 
ml, Jlr. Brown 

Jand, aud tliL- ^:^^^l 



have a mimdaljrai 


St. Helena on the 

>2.1 ol 

said to have beei 


recent ball given 

bv tb 

whieli onasion tl 


■Ur (Ik.. ;i.liiiiiiislra- 
la in uliitTiarv. At 

uii St. Hdeiia. So 
" Boiinjxtrte. — We 

hiid escaped from 
:'ii,biit the report is 
iL-ni refeiriiig to a 
eorgL- Fuurth), on 
lie wearing of any 

■liilion. And Hl-iht FuIIukt iriuni. lii:^ siiica-e 
their eneounigemeiit to hh Houl-carJiiig factoiy, 
Hax-.<fC'd will be taken, at Miltou prices, in pay- 

' Philntidphia Prices Ginrent, o£ Hate 

.t\jiierieaM ( 
Gold doUai 
Western w 

It ■ 

■i,b Urbiii 

the oldeii times "the 
ve find John Wlieflt- 

nd asking tlie votes 
bibulously in- 

■arries a disproof of the popular beli 
office sought the man aud not the man the » 
ley, George Lesher, Jacob Markley, and J 
as candidates for the office of County O 
of theii- iellow-eitizens. That candidates and votei-s wei 
dined, and also that liquor bills ivere as difficult of coUei 
seems apparent ftoin the folloiving, wliieh is found among the advertisements. 


"As an election is dniwiiiL' ni^d., and a^ Samuel Mans, Esq., among other 
eiindidates for the office of {.■-.njniissium.r, uuiy be riding through the Countj-, 
eauvassmg for votes, all inn-keepci^ sliould he cautious in trusting him be- 
■wenty shillings, as they will perceive, by the fbllowlug" 


Valentink Smith." 

cd by L. H. Funk, who published it 

and the publishing firm- 
k died, and his interest 
n l.Still, Mr. Eotmdsold 

- [If ii Mitrtun &Mervine, 
I' ' Jnhn, and the 

now, atter uutliviug all loual eoutcmpora 
tablished, that it is not unlikely to live 
next centennial. 

Was fii-st printed in Milton, Fihiiiay liUth, IM 
E. H. Kincaid. On April i:;[h, l>"j;i, Mi. K 
15th, 1833, the firm becarjie Tw,.-.l A KtMoif 
Tweed withdrew, and, atVer fbui' y.;ir- unav, Kil 
Lewisbiu'g, Union County, November 1st, 183S. 

; Co. 

.11 the MUtoiiian; but 
so well and firmly es- 
the festirities of the 

t\^as started by Montgomeiy Sweeny, a former 
n tlie Miltoniaji. 
Its fiist issue was September 3d, 1834, and 

partner with General Frick, 
it expired after about three 

vember, 1837. Mr. A. Kerr 

This newspaper was comniiNin d In lfs:;s, and i-xistedfor a little more than 
six yeara. It was founded by MuGi-e it Wilsmi, and its subsequent pub- 
lishers were: JIcGee & Collings, H. L. Dieflenbach, John M. Porter, and 
Brewer & Ai-mstrong. Its last publisher was a gentleman named Frank. 
The paper was suspendeil in 184i. 

afterwards died in tin 

and existed some two 

On April 17th, 18; 

by John K, Eck, Esc] 

Was started i 

s issued the first e 

It died ft natural death in 1859. 

continued about a yet 


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whiLh turas out fcath a biiglil yalaM. Lut, la l.s.>4, he embraced what 
i-eemed an advantageous oppartnnity, and reaioved to Indiana County and 
the glory of the old academy went with him. The school lived on, an ordi- 
nary exietenee, under charge ol Rev. Mr. Ferguson and others, until 1854, 
and then it was discontinued. 

Fnan that time, the old house remained vacant till about 1872, wheu it 
was purchased, to be used as a Klf)ruf/>:-hou>te to a carriage manufactory. It 
was like planting cabbages in the Roman Forum. 

The Ueu,mi,.~At Mill.jn. on the 14lh of .Inly, l«74. there gathered, from 

near and from far oH; liliy-si.v.ii of th.- hoodi-.d anil hfty surviving 

scholars of Kirkpatrick. 'Iliry lui,l ,■ - i,, l,„,k a-aio al the old academy, 

and to revive memories of lluii yoolliliil tiil,olatioii> and triuiapha within 
its walls. There were those |»meul wlio had lljlloivcd him froai Oxford, 
and many who had been his pupils half a century before. 

stl 111 1 do th f 1 r- 

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Tl El p I Ck d isth Idcst M It d d tes I k th 

eighty years. The families co l os ug t at tl e omn n n t of tl e en 
tury, were those of Marr Hull Mil H 1 1 li 1 e S tl 

Staddon, .Seydell, Covert, d " bl fl h 1 I , log 

building, which stood on CI I 1 e 1 c I L ncoln 

street,) upon a lot doaated for I ui I and b al ] j o to I Jo pi M r 
AugOBt 18th, 1794, to Mattl as fl ebb '-amuci btadden a d Jol u Coicrt 
as trustees lor the church 

The Rev. Caleb Hopkins was the firet who pleached to the congregation, 
but was uot their rector. The (ii-sl rector was Rev. Dcpucy; the next. Rev. 
Eldrcd; and the third »as Rev. Abijuh Hopkins, who remained up to about 
1820. From that time, for about twenty-live years, they had neither rector 
nor services, and the members mostly united with other churches. About 
184.5, or a little later, woi^sliip was resumed, and the question of building a 
new church edilice was soon alter earnestly agitated by the Rev. B. Wistar 



Morrib, uow Bishop of Wnslnugtou Territory, who had then just nssmnetl 
the veutorship. There were hut few coimnuuimiits at that time, aiid it was 
only hy tlie most strennoits aud pei-s,cvei-iDg efforts of Jlr. JMorrL's tlmt the 
churdi was huilt. Mr. Rollaud McCurley, who is still living in Union 
t'nuuty, gave the lot of grumid, and, after ypai-s of effort, the eoriicr-stune 
was laid hy Bishop Potter, July 17th, lR4il. It «as completed without fur- 
ther delay— n suhstautial and comnioditms hriek edifife, which still remain.^ 
their i>laL'e of woi^hip. They are now again without a reetor, and their 
uund>er.^ are not huge. 

Thr F!,:l Pn-^hutn-in„ Chnrh, of Miltm, was organized bv the Preshy- 
tery nf Nurthuinherlaud, Tleremher 3d, ]«11. 

Prior to the nrgauiKatimi— fnitn about 1803 to ISIO, the Rev. Johu 
Bryson, pastor at AVarrior Run and at ChiJlisquaque, preuehed in tlie log 
sehoiil-house, ou Lower Market street, in Milton, on every fourth .Sahhath, 
and during the latter part of that time, on alternate Sahhath^i. 

Their firs^t regular pastor was the Rev. Thoma.'^ Hood, wIk. was in.^talled, 
Octoher 7th, 1812, and, under his ministry, tin- eongiegatinn woi-^hiped hi 
the Ejiistopal Church edifice, in Morris I'auL-, or Chnrc-h lane, until ISlll, 
when they removed to the Harmony ChurcJi, ou Mahoning street, and tJii- 
they oucupied alternately with the German Relormed andlntheraii congre- 
gations uutil 1.S32. Then, on account of pecuniary embarrassments, they 
left the Union, anil obtained the ui,e of the Baptist Church, until 1836. 
Then, tor two yeai-s, they worahiped in Shiloh Church, until the dcdicarion 
of the new brick church baildiug, which thu-v had erected on Water street. 
This was on July 29t]i, 1M38. In this e.litice they «oi-shiped through the 
pastorates of Rev. James AYilJiain.sun, installed November 27th, ltio8, and 
Rev. David Longmore, D.D., installed November ITtli, 184G. 

On December 14th, 1854, the Rev. James C. Watson, D.D.,was installed 
as their pastor, and his ministry has continued uutil the present time. 

In May, 185(j, their church building was removed, and a new edifice com- 
menced upon the same site. It was completed in 1857, and dedicated on the 
the 16th day of August of that year. It is a substantial brick building, and 
is still used as their place of ivoi^hi]). 

MdlmlHt E})!.icopfil L'liitrch.— As eaily as the year 1788, woi-fihip was 
held, at irregular inteiTals, by the Methodist refcideuts of Milton and vicinity. 
These meetings were held, sometimes at one, and sometimes at another, of 
the citizens' houses, and at such times as a ijreacher could be .secured for the 
day or evening, that is, whenever a minister of their pei'suasion csime in their 
-vicinity from other localities. 

In this manner they continued until the building of the log school-house 
in Lower Market street, in 179ti, atter ivhicli tliat building was used for 
theii- meetings, but they still had no regular \y.ihlm: 

It is a matter greatly to be regretted, that there are no accessible data by 
which the correct time of organization can be giveu, nor the names and dates 
of service uf the differeut ministei-s. Some time after the couinieneoment of 
the century, a small log church was built opposite tlie old school-house ou 
Market street, and in tins they held their worship, under the ministrations 
of a large number of different pastora, until 1S35, «-heu their new churcli 
building, on the east side of the canal, was ct.mpleted and occupied. This 
edifice stood on a spot which fell directly in the middle of Centre street, when 
that thoroughfiire came to be laid out, and so, as the most satisfactory way 
out of the difttculty, the projoctoiB of the street purchased and rcmovcil the 
church in LS.ii), and the congregation then built and removed to the new 
churcli building in Upper Front street, which has been their place of wor- 
ship till the present time. Their pastor is now the Rev. A. D. Yocum. The 
nienibei-ship is three luuidretl, which is also about the average attendance at 
their excellent Sabbath-school. 

Lutheran Church. — The Lutheran and Reformed churches of JJiIiltou, 
being union congregations for many years, the history of one is, to a certain 
extent, that of both. From 1796 to 1807, the Lutherans of Milton were 
supplied with preaching by traveling miniatei-s. Sa'vices were held in the old 
log school-house, in Lower Jlarket street. About 1807, a small one-story log 
building ou south side of Mahoning street, was purchased by the congregation. 
It stood on laud now owned by Baltzer Critzer. Here preaching and German 
day-school were regularly held. The Revs. Oyer, Stock, and Engle, were 
the fiist preachers. After them, in 1811, came the Rev. Philip Repass, as 
pastor. The old "Harmony Church," at the eastern end of Mahoning 
street, became theii- place of worehip, in union with the Presbytei-ians and 
German Reformed people. It was dedicated May 23d and 24tii, 1819. The 
church was now organized, under Mr. Repass, as pastor; Philip H. Schreyer, 
as elder ; and Jolm Hill, as deacon. 

—nam nig it 

The succe.ssoi-s of Jlr. Rcpas.-, till l.s.5(), were Rev. Frederick Waage, 

Hev. Garmau, l!i v. fharl.. I'. Milln , -inhn G. Anspach, Charles F. 

Stoever, Eli Swait/., :iij,l Fi. d<.ii.' limhi.uiti; Tin- Lutherans, having .sold 

their interest in ^\^> ILiii \ rinnHi Tmii,^ i:,-t;,rmcd congregation, built 

for their own use, in ls:,i),.i ,„.« t«n-.-tnrv l.n^'k <'hun'h buildin 

TrinlUj Church. It stood near the western eml of Mahoning 

pastoi-- who preached in this church, were Rev. F. Ruthrauffijohn J. Reim- 

-wydcr, C. C. Culler, T. Titus, and P. Sprecher. 

In 18(il, their present large and beautiful churdi edifiec, situated on the corner of Second and Mahoning -streets, was completed, and dedi- 
cated to God's woi>hip. 

The pastors who have sueccsMvcly ministered in this diureh, are Re\-s. 
George Parson, N. Gravci^, A. Burnmaii, and the present pastor. Rev. W. 
H. Got^^ald. 

Ilrfoniffi Chiiri-h. — As early as can now lie ascertained, this congregation 
was fii-st regularly orgaui/e.i on the 2.Uh of April, 1819— the first election 

for Chun h nifin 
MUton, had Imv 
formed eh isrvm 

iari JMarkle, as elder, and 
iiiilie- living in and around 
1 with preaching by Re^ 
> IH05— fiR,t in the log- 
in a small log building in 

1 Presbyter 

bdioohhou.'.e, on Luwer Jlarkct street, and, later, in a si 
Mahoning street. 

In 1817, the Refijrmed people united \\it!i the Luthen 
congregations in erecting a church edifice, on the hill 
Mahoning stiect, to be known as the " Harmony Chun-h," (^nmipleted 1819;) 
in which this cnugregation woi'i-hiped until that building was remodeled, 
in IXlii). The church edifice now occupied, is a commodious brick building, 
on Upper Front street, and was erected in 18(i7. Following is a list of all 
the nihiistei-s who have sei-ved since the organization; Rev. Justus Henry 
Fries, 1813-23; Rev. Samuel Gutelius, 1824-27; Rev. Henry AVagncr, 1827- 
35; Rev. Daniel Gring, 1835-16. Rev. Epliniim Kieffer became Mi-. 
Gring's colleague, to preach in the English language, in 1840, and continued 
until 1844. Rev. Plenry Harbaugh then associated himself with Mr. 
Gring, preaching in English, until 1846, atter which, Mr. Gring having re- 
signed, ho -sei-ved the congregation as pastor until 1849. Rev. E. M. Long 
served 1S45-52; Rev. A. G. Dole, 1853-65; Rev. Samuel H. Reid, 1866- 
73. The present pastor. Rev. F. F. Bahner, assumed charge in 1873. 

The congregation has a communieant niembci>hip of two hundred and 
twenty-five, and has connecteil with it a flourishing Sabbath-school. 

The Millon B-ipti^f Chiirch.—Thc Rev. Eugenio Kincaid !ias, during all his 
life.licenemineutlyasoldieroftheCross. Early in thcyear 1826, hecamemto 
the valley of the SuM[Uehanaa— a Christian knight-errant— in search of the 
uegleetud and destitute, and reaehing Milton, and finding that one solitary 
individual, a Homan, stood alone in all that town as the representative of the 
Baptist per.-iuasion, he resolved to plant the standard there, mid to give 
stilted iircachings, for he knew whcio two or three were giithered together in 
the earnest desire to serve umler the Divine Commnndi-ri that He would come 
down in theii' midst, and ihut His panoply hohM cover them. 

These stated preachiugs very toon produced their effect, fbr around this 
nucleus there colleeted a little band, which, on the 2-:tth of August, in the 
same year, was recognizeil as the Milton Baptist Church, regularly consti- 
tuted. There were nine members, viz. : Eugenio and Emily Kincaid, Nathan 
and Martha Delany, William and Catharine Thomas, Susannah Thomas, 
Sarah Watts, and Harriet Geddes. On Sabbath morning, the 10th of the 
following Scptendicr, immediately after morning .service, occurred their firat 
baptism. A great concoui-se of people thronged the river bank, and the 
scene was a nm-t impre-sive one. Now the church prospered apace, contin- 
uing under the ministration of Mr. Kincaid, until his appointment as mis- 
sionary to Burmah, in 183U, «heii his place was Hlled bv Rev. George 
Higgins. He was an itinerant, but made the Milton Church his centre of 
labor, and his home. During the five yeai^ of Ins charge, fifty-one were 
received into the fellowship of the church. In August. 1832, .Tames Moore, 
Sr., and William Thomas, were ordained deacons, and in March, 1S33, theii- 
fii-st Sabbath-school was commenced. 

The exact date of the erection of their first ^^eeting-hou^e is not known. 
It H'as commenced, however, not far from 1830, but was nut entirely finished 
for some yeai^. Deacon James Moore, Sr., gave the lot. The church stood 
on the spot where Daniel Kiauser's house uow stands, iu Filbert street. It 
was then called Churdi Alley. After Mr. tliggin,s, came Rev. S. B. Brown, 
who remained till 1837, and added fifteen to the church in baptism. Fol- 
lowing him was Rev. D. C. Wait, till 1839, during which time twenty-nine 
were received. His successor was Rev. C. A. Hewitt, whose pastorate eon- 


Th r E E 

G Eish p D b 

T Z 1 

Th R AW 


r".. >) 




but flowera ni-e spriugiiig upon ttlo giwn sod, aud the willow trails its long 
pendants over tlie pure white ni;irli!e. The larch, the ash. and the maple, 
wave their graceful hraiicle- ali-ivi^ t!ic iii..iniil^; thi> walks are hordered 
with shrubbery, and a living la il;^.' .it Imie y-lnrii-t eialnses the wliole. 

The Oilli.J. 
about five ai (■ 
is an old bri 
decay. Tlic i 

These are tl 



11 — strelcliin,. tnni the locust 
:iult— audall n\ci that bioad 
I on the ridge of iTCoigia and 
nairked gra\i-a and tiieie they 
iigel awakeiia them 

with his own additions, at Sunbury, m book B, page 273, April 24th, 1781, 
which was afterwards recorded by John Boyd, May lOtli, 1808, in book C, 
pages 367 and 368. 

Reuben Haines died, and devised his estate by will, proved at Philadel- 
phia, to his four ehildreu, Caspar Wistar Haines, Josiah Haines, Kenben 
Haines, and Catharine Haines. Reuben Haines, Jr., died, and devised his 
estate to his two brothers and sister, who make partition ; andCasparAV. 
Haines, and Catharine I-laiaes convey, among other things in partition, the 
unsold lots i[i the town of Northumberland, by deed, dated March 24tli, 
1795, recorded at Sunbury, in book G, page 481, to Reubeu Haines. 

it first tl p ogre^ of tl e to n as lo 
tl e H olu cs I e b n„ n u de cd I 

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Ml Maitinu. ll, lull I 111 I M 
ol aloit oil I 

bn line 1 ( 
MuiinlC I 

of 1778 79 

The folloHiug statements aie taken fioin 
of Ml Piieatly, ol the boioiigh ol Noithu 

"The To»ii ol Noilliumbeilaii I i I ii 1 
of thiee liundud uies catli lit 1 iu I 
loiks of the noith east and «e,t In ui h 
Sainh-Deli_lil L i\ N ittinjh in u I 

I I ill 

Ltarie. to Sainh 
ne II page 360, 
William Espj, 

'1771 VpniJjI Died \VdlianiL-i)y to John Loudon, reeolded at Sun- 
bui} m book C page 23b 

' 1772 Loudou and Pattei-sou lay out the town called Noithumberlaiid 

' 1775, Jlnih 20th Deed John Loudou to Reubeu Hiiinei,iecoided at 
Sunlmn ni hook C, page 240 

' E^se\ — 1772, Loudon and Batteiaon lay out the old town of Noithum- 

1773, Jan 7th Pitfnt to E th.i Patt i in the iiit. jl Wdliam Pitter- 
■on cmolhdin tliePil III 1' k\ V i hii i, I | i^ ,7 

"1773 Apiil hth 111 I «ill]iiiil iitii II m I Nil ih hia wile to Reu- 
beu IlaiDL- lecoided al "-niibiiii in I k V | i_ _'4^ 

Nottingham— 1772, ^cpt 14tli Patent to Kiehaid Peteib tor hie liun 
died acres along the nolth east bianeh, eniolled in Patent Book A A , vol 
ume 13, pago 25B 

"ToMDSide — 1772, "^eptembei Ibth Patent to Richard Petera, lor 500 
acres along tlie west branch, em oiled in same book, page 2o9 

" 1773, Decenibei 17th Deed Riehaid Petei^ to Reuben Uaiiies foi the 
abo\e mentioued tracts, lecoided in Phdadolpliia, Deed Book I, \olume 13, 
page 126 " 

The title to theae lour tracts being tlius ui Reuben Haines, he enlarged 
the town iilot, and lecoided a general plan of Loudon and Pattefton's town. 

r e, le , nl, 
II hccu \ \ J 

1 1 o ] pa o 

■spot to reside 

lu 177G, the question of ludepeudeuce oi uo Imlepeudence betiBie ao 
waim at Noilluimberland, timt it dcciddi lo hi\L a di-cits-ioii on the 
''ubjCLt A bcaiiold was erected ncai \\lieii. tliL iinikct 1ii'11>-l u-cd tu -tand 
and the distiisoiou took place Coltmels Cooke uid Hiuiti-i took tht '■tand 
on the side ot hbeit^ and independence, and Di Plunkttt luid ChiritaCooke 
took the ''ide ot loyaltj Considerable warmth wis nmuiteatcd on both Mdes 

and laigei in-.tuig* Owuig to tual nii I 
Rogerb became deranged, and the busl^e^^ 
not being .icquaititcd iiitli the same 


blue bo~ III I 
place ol „~ 11 
ihbiirg, and t\i 
the beautiful s 
through the r 

c 1 th( 


the pictipicc, tlicy loosened it from its moormgs, and i 



air was filled with the detached parts of the old house, hallowed by time and 
the nssociatioiis of early youth. Nothing but the iron iiisteniiigs jemaiii. 
The citizens of Northumberland oflered a reward, but the culprits remain 

Mason was born at Philadelphia, in 1768, and died on his Long Reach 
farm, near Newbern', Lycoming County, in 1849, aged upwards of eighty 
years, and his renmius lie huried under a chestnut tree, near where his Blue 
Hill leaning summer-house used lo stand. 

Planted in Northumbci-land were brought from Lancaster, Pa., about the 
year 1771, by William Hoffman. One of these trees, called the " Centennial 
Pear Tree," b still standing in the yard of what is now known as the Burr 
House, and still bears fine pears. 

Of a white child, on the west side of the Sus()uehannn, occurred in North- 
umberland, about the year 1772, and the subject was Elizabeth, daughter of 
AVilliam Hoffman. 



And Ij 

it fun] 

toMii of North 


111. in tl 

origiilal ] 

an • 

■said t, 

»n, and 

in the f..l 


. houn. 

, to wit 

tlie uortli- 


nd ivo, 


arcd nnd 


-eisht I 

of Joseph 


-r. l.or 

to the i-oii 

1 Icl 

l„:~ Ir 

III Nor 

road, thii 


r ill 1^1 

bv limtl 

f Jo 

L'ljh N 

LU>0, III 

fitly pcro 

OS, 1 

a liinc 

iuid CWd 

eu, s 

ulh so 


■ihlv, erecting the town of Northumberland into a borough, 
>[iiiil!i>iiworlii,8pcaker of the House, and by Daniel Stur- 
ii.' S,:Dnte, and was apy>roved April 14lli, 1828, by J. 
nvrrnurof Pcunsylvania. It contains Ibrty-eiglit sections. 

luted by t!ie authority aforesaid. That the 
inly of Nortbunibcrland, comprising the 
iicli of tbi.* ailjaoeut laud as is embraced 

irk; t 

The (• 

hed a. 

d ton perches, 

wIlO Mil- 

le along said 

1825, till- 

mall b 

ridge; thence 

1826 CIV. 

■^t Olio 

hoiidred and 

The prteL 



.,ll ,10 


of about 

which shall be calltd the borough of Northumberiand." 

Thf lir>i ti'!i-v;i]ili r.fKce iu North uinheriaud was established by the Sub- 
.|tu'Ii;miii;l ]\]vi iih<l North and West Branch Telegraph Company, in 1851, 
A. r. i^ii-'ll. j.rf.-i.l.ul; George M. Leslie, secretaiy; T. O. Van Allen, 

Miss Agnes Forsyth, now Rev. Mrs. Isaac Cornelieon, was the first oiwrator. 
Miss Forsyth was succeeded as operator by her sister, Mary Alice Foreyth. 

The ihird ..ii^i'Viiiur wii,-^ :^I1^- IlaiTii-t W.-iik. The present operator is Mr. 

■|-|if ii,i;,l i... .;■ :■■. I. I IV fnding June 30tb, 1876, were 

i\.uv liMiitlm: ■■ viity-eight ccuts, of which five 

ilnlLir.- ;ni.l -I.J ■. ■ ■ n! ■ \i' !■ i 1 1 .ri i ■ ■! In i In.' -. The total number of messages 
Kent was one tbuusaiid llnue Imiiilrtil ami twenty-four, of which thirty-six 
were half rate, and forty-seven dead head. 

Tlie b 

rough of N 



in the Sim, 

li 1- 

five by 

e liundied 

,1, 1- 

ivhicb it 

tlHld-. Ill 


icndcnt i 

l'r,,|. Will 

1111 M. 

There i. 


The S 
sage, ill 
new Imi 

the sehoi.lf ,111 
gentlemen const 
president; Dan 
Paul, and John 

,• the 

t Board of Educii 

1 .Sterner, secretary; J. 0. Trac 


The Pretbtjlemii Cluirch in Northuinlierland v 
year 178EI. aud the fii^t prcaelicr of this deiioinio 
It is also ,supi„isc,l that he was the first English pr 

■iseiit superin- 
iipplicd by a 

V [lupik Tlic following 
I : William H. Leighow, 
, William Elliott, Jacob 

aa established about {he 
ition was Hcv. Morrison, 
aeher who ever held ser- 

iiiid Church alley. In 1841. 
le same site. lis Jimcnsions 
■ thousand dollar's. It is nov 

11 hall. 

27ie First Presbyleriaii Church of the borough was organized in 1838, 
with twenty -seven members. The first pastor was John Pattou. A Sunday- 
school was organized at the same time. 

In 1844, a clinrch edifice was built at a cost of about six tllonsaad five 
hundred dollars. In September, 1870, the two Presbyterian churches 
united, and the union is now known as the Fii-st Presbyterian Church of 
Northumberloial. The lacndjei-ship is aboul one hundred an,l seventy-five. 
There is also councdcl with the church a large ami fioarishing Samlay-sciiool. 

. liv llr. Jos 

IV. II n I 

I Priestley, 
sty. JTni'il 

a I,,,. 1 I, ,.l, „ ,,,.1 „l' al„„,i„ue l]„„i.,aiid ilollal^. 

ioeo,bci>liii, 1.^ ,il,„„l lo,,i, and Itev. li. \J. Catiin is the present 
ere is coiuicctcd with the church a flourishing Sunday-school 
i hundred members. The library contains about six liuudred 

remodeled. The present church 

The ,-„, 
IiunJr,„l V 

beiship is about 

.■burch edifice of this dciiimiii 
,.ycaris20, atacostofabo, 
I, iictwcco King and Oningc. 

in 1S41. Kcv.D.C. 
Tlie iollowijjggentle- 
1 liev. C. A. Hewitt, 

r of .Second and 
( one thousand 
n-ciil benalifia 

t pastor is Key. David Willia 


SI. Mark's Episcopal Chuich.—T\\\s church was organized in 1847, and 
the corner-stone of the duirch edifice was laiil on the 20th of Octulier, of the 
same yenr. The lluihling is a frame structure, and stands ou the corner of 
Second and Queen streets. It was euiarged in 1R7.5, at a cost of four thou- 
sand dollars. Its origiiuil cost was about five liiiudrcd dollars. 

The fii-st rector mis Rev. B. Wistar Morris, luiw Bishop of Oregon. The 
next rector was Rev. William B. Mus-ravc. Aller he cca.scd to officiate, a 
period of some twenty years followed, in which services were heh! from time 

to time by Rectru^ Lew 

8 W. Gibso 

nnd Cluirlcs H. Van Dyne, and otlieis. 

of St. Matthew's Cliurc 

1, .Suuburv. 

The next regulnr re 

lor was Re 

. William Jloore. The last rector was 

Rev. Charles G. Adan 

IS, who ser 

•ed but a short time. The society at 

present (July ISTfll h 

s no rcct'T 

'I'll.- ii;i Tn'i.-rddp numbers forty-six. 

The Sundny-' w:i^ 

■1 ' ' " -■ III, II.Bchureh,andnow 

First Xolloa.,1 n„„l, 


' -lii'i r 21llh, 1864, 

with a capital of .m. 

\ 1 K.i|i', president. 

and J. H. .lenkins, , , 

• • ■ 1' i 1 ..r A. E. 

Kapp, John McFarliL' 

i' '■': i . 

' ■ '1 II - ■ .1 ■ 'hiL't'art, D. 

G. Driesliach, W. 1..-1 

I...I . .i..|il, 

Bidelspach, d. li. .'-iiiiiil 

h. ■:, Vor 

- and WasliMigl.m Lee, ,Ir. 

Theytir-l o,,i.,{ :, 

liiiir iJace 

of business, a room iji the present resi- 

deuce of .Jose],li llini, , 

1 KiiiL'stre 

et, which was ibrmerly occupied by the 

old Bank of N",,ril,iMiili 


The present oliicers 

re: .1. -BM 

nfc.'. prr-i,l,iit, ari.l Fred. Burkenbiue, 

cashier. The preheat di 


l,W,C:,k,, .\,il. Stone, W.TForeyth, 

S. A. Burkenl>ioc, D. f 


, .1-1,11 .Mariiu. .S. li. Yearrick. The 

present bank leiildiuL' 

ill I.MI.s, iiiiii ,,ecupies the south-east; 

JSoriiimiilhi-l'ii"! !n>n .i,:t/ _\,n7 |^tl,■/,^■. — Tlim niiiiiuJactiiriDg establish- 
meut was urLcf-l in l.silT, l>y >[k-^.is. V:iij Alleii & Co. Tlie mill and fac- 
tory building is tlirce himdrcd and five Icet lotig, and sixty-five feet wide. 
The foundry, macliiue-shop aud keg-factoiy, eighty feet loug and tliirty-four 


I of rolls, I 

inacliinery for the iiiaiuifii('tiire of miil-. 

The product of these works is uiiil-, 11:1 
some sizes of Imv-iron. The ajtniial c^ijiai- 
har, aud fifly tlionsand kegs of uailt-. A 
nected with the c^tnblislwnent. It gives e 
and forty hands. The projirietoi-s are T. ( 

Lumber Iiilered,'!. — Quite an exi' n-i . ■ 1 
of lumbeij if> loeated liere under th, ■ 
mdl i^Qs bndt in 18f5G, and is fifty i". 
cipacitj of bill luni 

■ ihousaiKl tc 
■d aud .-tore 


WrA \\"il 

icliine-sliop of A. H. Stone is also i 


,'H1 (^ 

industry of considerable 
itels, of which the foUow- 

: II.. I 

1 the 


of Second ami i^infii -rii-n-. CIkh-I. - l-". 11"-. pntin-iflur. 

The Bun- IJm,.-,., „„ Kuv^r ..n,,'f . I„ i«,, 1, <.rnu<\ and Third. Jacob Hun- 
secker, proprietor. Tlio Jickert House, on Uiilje street opposite the depot. 
George E. Eekert, proprietor. Washington House, on the north-east corner 
of King and Railroad. J. F. Stnmm, proprietor. 


If we stand upon the liich sronnd, which vW^ nhniptK 
Liberty street, in \Viil.<oiitowiK wo st-,' ar .am- rl,,. »l„,l,. ,'. 

length is umwiiallvgi-oal, ill ]ir,t|.t,ili llu- l.t.a.Uii. ]i. 

the river aud tiie acdivily is hiil aamiw. aihi lhrn..|nR. 
town must bo made luugitudimiliy. 

Tiie cliimneys of the mauuliictories, and tlie spues of the four cliurclies, 
stand out as 2)rominent objects, and then the lesser buildings, and the trees. 

e of the 

and the water, fill the picture. The Philadelphia ,and Erie Railroad, and 
the West Branch Canal traverse the town lengtliwiHe, and the river, sweep- 
ing down ftom Muncy, passes in front and then trends away to the south- 

It is .sixteen miles hent 
from tliis part nf the Coin 
alt roads lead to Rome. 
the northward, and tlie sj 
Tiie ground up..ii xvhl.t 
granted by the Pntviim 
Hunsicker, in payim nt f 


ighhoriiood soon gained 
t this, and repenting of 

e of the oldest ami 

ed him gratuitously and well, and then 

g store-house fronting the river, on the 
.'uutiguoiis to and below that, he soon 
.' ill liis hu.-inisss rendered necessary, 
':li: iiii.l -iild, aud bartei-ed with profit, 

but VI' 

Rev. Mr. Hogue, iM;i|..i' \\ ,\ , Willi.ini In 

Robert Craig, and still liirlhei- up, tiie Ken 
which, and several otliei-s, laid between tlie t 
Muncy Hills. 


\a ea as 82 n n S ga 


po ts 

n n C B 

n B n I Ht C 

ab E 

bega pass VaU ub da 

L n D 

— E II 

Da C d d ob cJ b 
a n b 



Ja csO H 



la h ll h d 



B p ft n 1 





p a» n p pe 

pa a na Isp g 




Was ope d m 182 by T m A bu k 

nab dngond 

by James 




t.0 and nh h a. on r n n a 

er M K k m 

n n 


Th d n n nu ng I 
C UD h U i!> a a ad an 

Arbn U a 

Un n 

J I L 

I P 


p Hnn 

■n a fin b d ns fa up as Mun I 

8 8 bu 


ng p b b 
irom M n nd 


Uy b nc d n n nh IR F 

n D 

and hen n gra n a d 


d upb 


p p fi pub n Vp 

18 1 b 

na nstcad f as bu 
ngr hop p yo Watson n 

k d ti 

a n k 


J th 
a H r 


THE S »Eim D EE 


In 8 

ha n 

n d nd 

■« as app a B 8 d 


a a 

fi a 

IS — 



ft 1- 

/ H 

fam b n a u ea 

n f 

E n a b 


n L 


E b b 

ti n 

ELI — 


D d 




k a 


H d 

d r« 

a. T e, d 


nt n 

d has 

d i^ T d p and a 


ag d g an all 

ap n n n e^a y a p a pub n 

D r n 

y h ad 


ann n 

n a d as 
In h 

IT n n7 5 

40 i 1 If n u d n 56=! Pas 

I IS— 

J ph H p La 

^ I n H n 



■n d 

J E n 





Pa f 6S mb J 




r EC 

il, B B n u d Jun 

S P 


Hg P c- P b I 

C nJOaF Assnbcs 

la n 

Ha Inn n E 

a d 



ea n r 



P rf 

p ft 

If Od S 

r n nd 

I n to d 
p h f 

M M T e. 

up n 

M n 

K s fP 


n Sh Ha n 
r D mb 




f u 

E a ap 

d ad 

h d n 




o, h 

gnfi m 



d nh dd d 



J hn 

d mi E 

E L 


d d 


ea b t 

d d dd u 


E b b k 


at an a 
d n h 18 3 

a I 
II p H E 

IS g n 
p J, 


up d 

B and 

1 rj n 
Eu k F 

Th H n p 


B f n 

a n b -n gr h m 


da. E k 

n pd y 

a u 1% 


I H p 

P i 

nd h 

(. nedts 

J, k 


d ni k 

p d 




n d n b 

6 b 

Th in p n as mad N mb 

4 86 and b h 


■0 app 

is«ad b 

k d 

i d No mb 16th 1887 I esu ted n 

he h ee of 

ng ffa 

ug an nd p nd 

u mp n n du n d 

d rb h 

ra Buigess Joseph HoUop Conn il— Th raas Ca F ed n k S 

C hoEu- D pa 



I J 14 1 

1 C k ^ P 1 n I 1 

1 g 1 t p t tl PI 
pi il 11 1 

m \ b t tl 1 1 I 

1 tl 1 tl -1 r I I 

H PI 1 tl 1 b 
ftl I t t IMIt I 

1 U 1 1 1 1 J, 1 J I 1 li 

clL 1 t tl It tD b 1 11 117 

■« t 1 tl g t k 1 t t 

t ) (i bl d 1 1 tl 11 

g 1 

Wl i L h C p }— Tla mil 1 :sil 

imd pi t d a Vpnl 1807 bi Ar P d 1 II 1 t P 1 
t a t f b d d th nd d 11 r« '. M i 1 tl 1 tt i 

tlyh b ptdbjtl b d i\ jdfV 

PdVT&d JinCl dJIBhTltkUgs 

i ul 1 I M P d t b 1 d \M t D C k 1 
th t b t cs 1 tl ia,t b 1 tl tl f 01 t Elk CI fi Id 

dCm ricsldgggt hdld hit) tl I a, 

dnll Itb fli ttkitl mJls f II, I pi d I tl tj 
) n, 

Tl II g 1 1 111 t 1 Tl I 1 b ^ tl 

tl t k 11 11 I t 1 1 tl tl 1 1 tl -al 1 

t k 1 tl 1 tl 1 tl I t 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I 

b ta tl t I 1 11 t 11 11 11 J k II t 

11 d t k tl 1 ffi 1 m II ^ tl \ tl Id 

t t r> tl t tl I p 1 1 i 1 1 tl J 

1 1 t tl II 1 I t 1 I 1 1 1 1 Tl I k 

t f 11 I -^ ( tl t tl p I 111 tb 

g 1 1 bl II Id b , 1 lb It 1 tl 

lit 1 t tl p t» K 11 tl I, t 1 (,1 

tl 1 tl p f t tl t b d d tl 

fl d 1 1 11 t t m 1 till gib tl IS 

I ) b t tl k 1 Ifc 1 t gl 1 t 

Dur gth I ti. ft f i tl t tl p I II hi g»ns 

1 t d 1 I p t 1 t tl tl IV 1 1) II p f tl) 

d e» to b II t d t tl g ~ 01 tl d I I I il d 

pi t t I Ics 1 tl 11 1 tl p I 1 p t\ f 

t I) fi tl d 1 gl I d ) ri 11 I t g ^ I 

tlir M 1 , II 1 b, 1 1 1 1 1 t I 1 

p III I tl t 1 t I 1 1 11 1 I ,1 

r 1 1 tic. I 1 t 1 1111 I 1 II 

p t 1 tl 11 1 1 1 tl 1 I 1 i 1 I 1 1 1 

tl b 1 1 I 1 t 1 t 1 pi 111 1 I 

t 1 tl 1 I tl d fi 1 1 1 1 g 11 III 111 

t d t d 1) B 1 tl 11 tl I 1 1 11 

p d t 1 d II g d t d d cs. d 1 ral | | 11 1 1 

1 cr 1 1 1 k k 

Tl (!= n, 11 t d tl I I I ) 

am ng tl v bu,t P 1 1 t] 

est bl I lu t I AI I d t I II I I 1 ) 

n W t t as 11, tl 11 1 p 

p ty d g tl t tl pi 

Lb 11 f c I IP I — ri till 

TV ts t 1 1, 11 IS CI I 1 t Mil n\ II H 

IS 1 It tl fl II 1 1\ t li 1 C 1 1 





p 1 1 b I II H 11 1 I 1 lb ) 11 b 1 1ft I 

Tl mil a 1 1 , 11) ii \ b 31 ISfO O tl 1 11 |. t 

tl est 1 1 1 I 181)1 CI 1 1 t I t 11 h 11 1 

I r II H 11 p I 1 CI b I I ISO II 11 I I 1 

I g tl b c»s I CI mb I 1 r 11 1 1 1 t 

asp lasdbyCkHllpl IC thufi b (, p dl 
EbtGCkJ plHllpt E IE tiadE Ecrti I 
1867 H 11 p t and tl I E er tis Id ut to A Pa d an 1 tl 

Tl n I t I y t I 1 tl 11 I 1 p rti f II 

n II ra 1 d tr k b II a 186 I W 11 m M *« a 

d J 1 1 n 11 I II 1 I 1 1 I ■\Icss G ge 

H I ( C 1 —11 I Id gs tl) cctcdb) 

Al P 1 1 tl tl 11 I I I m I ) d m 

b t tl I I 1 1 1 1 1 I pill 

tl til 11 11 111 1111 11 

Tl I I 1 11 II I I 1 II I 1 



1 \ 

11 Ij 1 b d d 1 lb d 

p. d t t p U »c oga 1 IS 1 H gl Id to a I k 

p J p d t J b Bl) J I u L Watson and t! t,j wh ed 



the project of the cable, but this time it w 
chased of Jolni A. Roebling, of Tn m-.w. 
Niagnrn suspension bridge. Tliis in-' 
After several changes of owin'i-lm 
erty of Captain John Ely, who i. -lil 
since the wire cable ivas put in po^ili^'u in 
than eigkly million feet of logs fi-oni the v 

The ferry k but an huml>lp eiit.-r|>ri-'- v, 



i.D till 

ir f 


1., i 

111 fro 






Df Li 




rf.-;i"jn(l. ;iTi'! i; ]'.. t 'ki\i'ni, .li-, t lii' m ■ ■■ n I I- . ■. 1- 1 li inl ill hU plnce. 

baukV -.itliiir.-. 'I'lic .-[iu-klM.l.|ii • ,ii. imIi.,. , !'!■■ hi iIr- creditoi'S of 

the bank in double iI.l- jui.-mi.U.l thvii >i..> k, i.ii.i ^.u ;.i.piuve.l b;,iid of forty 
thousand dollars is required from tiie caabiu. Thu surplus fund is at pres- 
ent six thousand six hundred dollars. 

The only school building standing \\iiliin iln' limii-^ of WatsontOwu, wlieu 
it was organiKed as a borough, in l^CT. w;i- llf lni.'k-lH.ii^c known as the 
academy, standing on First street, a .-luirt Ji-iamv up the rising ground to 
the east\vard of Liberty street. 

A year later, in the lall of 1S68, a second one was built by contract, on 
Ash street above Seventh. It is of brick, and its size 'is thirty by fifty feet. 

In adilitidii |i> tlv two h..iL=<>< nlinve mentioned, n part of the Methodist 

Cliuri'li i.j (>iTii|iiiii liy tlir ---Ifi-! ■ji';niniKir--i) I. 'I'lie number of schools 

Ls isix In wbic'li I in- ali'inli >-. I:i-; i\iiihr > ]i~^7"> mut 1.S70) was four Iiun- 

dreit ami Iwnily-i v^li siliuhir-, Wiiljiii iIk- \<:t>i yc;ii-, three town lots have 
beiTi |>iiirli;i-.(l, ii|iiiii wiiii'li, it L> inli'Luli-il tn Imild a sebooUhouse of suffi- 
ei.Til i:i|i^iiily l" :ii .Hnimodaie al! the sehools of the borough. 

T)if [irrsviil -el I board is, Daniel C Hogue, president; Isaac Vincent, 

secrrlarv ; "Wiliiam M. Wagner, treasurer; Oscar Faust, S. M. Miller, Samuel 

FlrM PrenbyUTinv, of Watsontown. Presbyterian woi-ship had been held 
in the Baptisi house, for a mnsiderable time prior to .T,n,e 1st. 1872, at 
which time rhun-h ..i-;irii/utinn \v;i> tir^l .'iV-.-ir.]. wiili William B. 
Bryson, Dr. JnsrpI, II. Hmiln- :iii,l :^:iiihm.'I W. KiiLlli- a.- riili[iL! i-lders, and 
Samuel Caklwfll, IMiilip Shav ;u„l .iaiiu^ L. S.- l.-y :,. tni-tee.-^.^ After 

when Ihey ^^v^■ IraD-f, rn d ,„ ,Ur M. i ii-t -■ .t ^^.. ,-!„,. . :hM tlM-,e 

they were beli! tn,- nr:,v\y tsu. y.-.u:. M^nl,^^lLi^, il v.-ru .f ;ui r.WW.r 

Run ami M.'Kwn.villr .1 
average of about laiv bundii'ii. 

Enangelical l/utheran.—1'riov to 18CG, the Lmlu iaii< "I \V: 
vicinity, had neither regular place of wor-bi|>, ii'i i lum li 
They had held Berviecs in the aeadeiny l.iiil.linL', Ii-t.i finn' i 
pally conducted by Rev. r,iiii';.'i' T\ii-iiii-. I - ' :li' ^I'i' 

In the Spring of tliai y<;ii. :'i ■ 
elected, as follows: Tni.-ii.- jml I : ' ;. 'i ■ 

bach; Deacons— A. T. i; ii.i;.,,, >. M. .Mill.; U.-A-.n;,. 

Secretary, A. B. Latsliaw. 

The number of members was forty-mx. Rev. Jlr. Parsons 
supply pastor. 

.[id officers 
-. liambach; 

Looking towards the erection of a church building, a consultation was 
held witli the oflieei^ of the German Reformed Church, and an agreement 
made ou Jiily 14th, 18tl6,fbr the building of a bouse of wui^ship, by the two 
congregations, in Union. Two lots were purchased, and the corner-stone 
laid, July 15th, 18GG, with appropriate services, by Rev. Jacob Albert. 
The church was dedicated. May 12th, 1867. the Rev. Joshua Evans, of 
Lewisburg, and Rev. George Pai-sons, of Milton, being the officiating 

The fir^t resul 
Albert (Mii^hiy,. 
Mack, and \l"v. 
1st, 18?;;. Fn.i. 
twohundr.l miH 

was Rev. T. C. Bilbeime 

v\ elm 

TheirhnuM. i>a,-n,.,| l.ri.k-M 

commodious baselaelil f,.r U.e >.i r,.,\, 
mew's Church," and stauds un JIa 


minus Still wo.-ship. The 
a irnndly attendance. 
■Id Union Baptist Church, 
lii-h was made by unaoi- 

chairman, was aji|i'i' ■ i . ■ ■ 

house, and to prn-.'i i;-. i-.v ■■ ' ■ 'I .!..■ ■ .■■. -■■ 

the new building, ;ii ilii ■ ■m-i ■■! imiwh .^ii'l M.i'n •■■ 
February 2(Jtli, 1871, the muraing s^-nnnn being |.n a. In . 
Lincoln, D.D., and that of the evening, by Elder (.;. .1, lii 
burv, which were?o effectual, that seven hundred ami .-^I'v.ui 

fifty I 

-, .)],., 


.:...■ ivmains. Frnm Wid to 
18G8.'i.i-'' '■■■■- '■ ' 'i' ■ ■ i '"■ '■■' ■ ' !■ r .1. S. Hudioa. In June, 

1808. El.ln A.i -W I.. III. •-! l',ui,-.ii.|..i ,i.,-i..r, and sei'ved from Novem- 
ber Ttli, m il\iit yoar. ainii April i.'^t, loTii. Eider A. II. Emmons followed 
him, September 1st, 1872, and remained three yeai-s, when he was called to 
Lima, New York. 

For a few months, the eliurcli was without a preacher, but on January 
15th, IsTi;, Kl.l^r 1'. T, WanvH, i,f Marylaml. a.-nnud llie pastorate, and 

The M.lhu,l,J l-:i.,.~..,i,„( l1,<.,rl,.ul- \\-.U.nnVnyn. w:,^ n,-..^anized iu 18G2, 
by Rev. l-uinkiiu <...u-ii;ut, pi. a, her iu cbarHu of Milton circuit, in 1862; 

In;:; and li'^()4, and Isij.'i, the appointment was connected with Milton 
rircviit under pn-a-'linv r3eavh;ii1, Swallow, Haughwout. Church, and Shoe- 
maker.' In ]8l.;i;. '-, ■■■■.'.■■ ■■-'■'< '■l,ili:.,,Tri.,ni- r-ir-i;it. ,..v,M.h,.i-s King and 
Chilcoat. In l^i'T ''-.'■ ^^ ■ intiiw]! circuit, 

with preachers "W'll- 'i (..(.. , i i., i in uiiu'. Burnley, 

' ■■ 1,1. !. i„. I,. |.a-i..i- ill 1873. In 

:,,i,| i;,v. -Inlin A. Woodcock a 



I Rev. 

Previous tu the building 'if this edifice, services bad been held iu the 

The churcli membership ts about two hundred. Their Sabbath-school 
attendance is over two hundred scholars. 

The Young Men's Chriatian AsBociation had its origin in tlie deijp religiopa 
fervor engcudered in its members during a week of prayer, iu Watsontown. 

iiiMnRi ur ^uI rnuMLLrLVND c )UM\ pennsil\ ima 

■a at on vl cl as cffe t d 11 e f 'it da) 

r e Pres ]ent S V S| 1 1 \ c P c 

C A Lpi tl r en c Cl tr 

f r lln 

1 ad t at ll c I] 1 i ng a oc a 

I Jnj B ugs an 1 tl c J B c t 1 ur I ca 

Tl Ilolo I r I J I 
ISbf n e It] e 1 1 1 1 

B Lat 1 a r ui II I M I 

S fll tuan i L 1 

n c g ouud 
feet rl on bo d up I I 1 

A ade ) It la eo 1 11 ] 1 aj, 1 u all 
Pl-81 street Bl tl r' t d Jel to t el e Ijl k 
e git arc act nil) 1 lot 

V a -1 a pa 1 t I all tl 1 tl 

11 1 nou 1 |1 1 1 1 I, \ I I 

I I tl bl k a 1 1 t 1 II I 

It tl 111k 1 1 I 1 I t I 1 1 

«l I d e 1 I |l I I II h I 

Jo c] 1 E It u 1 tl 1 I M 

« 1 t an t I o tl I 1 I I 

cea ed n a I 1 1 W II I 

J I n L "« at on E q t M It 11 ul , 1 
tl e uuB a d tl e e a c n ) 1 o d ome n u L r 

Tie eld P b lit B ; f o tl at ■« t o t 
CG t r) r n an 1 1 lot 1 u 1 tl t ' ' 

r 1 \ r 11 J n tl Ibtl 1 J h 1 I 

te t t kuo II ollestlegll 

ne t Je u 1 1 T I ^^ I 1 

hu ba 1 u d I 1 

a I ted No on ber 5tl 

tl at t e ei 

but I \u t n 11 
crun 1 1 t all ot 1 

I lap dated all su I I 

Dela a e t n I 1 I ^^ 

e en tie stone, e 1 II II 11 

tl o 1 ei 1 tone ol D 1 kid 
Da dBh f tlerot t jt T 1 tl 
but tl e no lett n^ 1 tl e u 

n nil stone 1 ea ul tl I t II ble 1 
g ll e t T II 11 1 I It t 

oJ tie 

tie at II. 

ud J 1 1 I 111 Id 1 ( 


I n one a d remamed in 

tl street of the 

1 I p n toreat 

I I ularh heav) 

II II 7 ea I la k 
I I 1 1 1 Eron 

11 1 Itl t r altl ongh n 

1 tl 1 1 Id good jet on 

1 tie 

I per U Inn lltl 1818 le 

III t SI II 1 d le I to tl e 

It I e n u I n ner of cle 

1 r o all to tl e ele t r Tl o 

1 ea n tl e tind late 0( coura 

dl not be eons ler d a. a j 
I a I 1 tl o f an 1 

\ I I 1 I t d tly 

I 111 1 k tl u ton 

I 1 t nd ng tl e 

1 1 1 1 I bm t-lerfl 

1 tl 

: Pne 

■*\ 11 1 ■»! t I 1 1 \ II J, Ijuil l« nalo^bnldng 

II ^^ 1 I 

lit] 1 otSeitenb tl 

n I al n 

ttl 11 

t k I I 1 

tl e 1 I J and opened a tavern 
M Iton 1, 11 u at tl Ho er 

c vll lecdar 

T 18 leu 

1 uc- all 

111 t I H e 1 tor ale 

I gc loL on tl road I 1 is no v tl e na n 

erj u agre but they I c V publ c ttent on 

tl en n» h 1 d 1 Itl II , n 1 rj natt 

he obtained tl e endoK=ementB of Dr J me» Dougal and Gcnei 1 G fSn and 

tali J 1 llllMjoi>e IMert 

H Ha (/ uid Jal l/o ija y II b 11 on us t n posed of tl e 
NortI umbeilaud Tioop of Ho ^e Captain A tl on) Arm trong M Itou 


Guards, Captain HcDiy Fiiek; Warrior Eua Infnalrv, Caplain Wm. Ful- 
kcreon; Lcuisbiirg Guarils, Captain Jackron McFad'clcn; Union Guards, 
Captain JaniK. Piinipy. and llw Laiiiyftli- Ai1ill,Ti<ls, Captain .Tnlni Lad- 

he bat- 
Jut ivc 

luqun-y a^^s^ wind iva,^ tlio I.AVii to Ix? rjairadr N 

think Iho followini; ,™ti at, iiivon as a v.Jmmi. r m:i.i. I 

mil l)e siiiiioicatly iadiralivo of what it cai^dii lo I,.- , oil. , 
loudly aitd iiaist iioarlly applando.l liy tlo' .uioi.iiov. 

the stdislaelion of seeing a new and tloaiidiiog village, siliiaie ia ihe ioioK-- 
y it he ajipropriately naaied 

"By Captain Frick— 'The town plot just laid out by Adam Saryei^lct 
the blank be filled with MeEm-mrillc, and may the tonn iaficnse with the 
I Camp ( 'alhoun, and Tic with her more 



■«,■ loiv. 1,,0L' I.e], i,er,oa,l,.d djal a lowa ought to be laid out in the 

uciglil.iirhnod of Ca,,iaio lleEneii's. Tlie i.eoplo in that vieinity might 

easily have a iKist-ofiiee eslalilislied there, wliieh they would find very advau- 


It was prophetic. The newly laid-out town did receive the name iu honor 

It of a post-office followed, and the Jiretpo.^l- 

r Ji.i.:i 

r. 1827, John L. AVatson moved fnan AVat- 
lilt the hriek residence and store How oceu- 
aNo ihe Marehoiiae just above there. His 
I'l iloy iliil a very heavy business in the 
:-"M. i;il rc'lianilise. Mr. WnUon lived 

• ilk.. 

■el. Ill 


Not only did the business of these firms prove profitable to themselves, 
but, for many succeeding years, the town experienced a rapid growth, aud 
an iinjiorlan..e in the trade of the surrouialiiig enuiitry, eqiialleil hy m, other 


rt, whi, 111 ., 


■entals coven 


Sliedtleii Scl, 

man, who had been 


in the U[i|H.r 


■, Miclmel, who died iothe 

I.' :ii .Milton. 

tdcn, a Pi-esbyleriiiii clergy- 
■ UMihsmption 

I Milt. 

County. In llir- li>t ..f ii 
diatint'tion ; not only in IV 

The writer reeolicets, n few montlis ago, meeting a gentlcmnu, a pi-omiaent 
riti/fn of Kansas, wiuj Imci been one of its fii-st pupils. He spoke with evi- 
(loiif jinile and afloclion of ihc sdioo], auil his old preceptor, and, us he recurred 
to (h.,.,^ y,-:ir- III' hi.-^ Iioyliood with the natural and justifiable tenderness 
whi.b u,- ;,]i tivl in such retrospect, it swnied lo birn that in all Pennsylva- 
nia lliviv n.vt-r wa^ anuiliLT siicb a teaeh(--r a.< .Mr. Shedden, nor such an a/ma 

had lived I 


the Sbeildi-'ii --.ciittul 1, -artlc.l Ik- :lli 

'■I'- ftirM, inauyyeiu^ to the cadets at AV est Point, 
uiil oL'vtT furget the delicious sweetness of her 

„n,.—-\ru'v lliociosiMfr of the Shedden school, tlie 

"|'"ii iii'''"i"-'rnt.ii. ibat, latein 1.S52, a comiuo- 

. :iO'i .^pcin-.i a- a -■l;i--^, under charge 
■ Dr. Sl„..|,|,,,',, |„i|,i|.,,ia,- |,rin,'i|,al. Under his 
cc. ivd u ^'.i,mI iMhttnai;.', nnti ufbii^vcd au envi- 
<\ -|- .-■iL'lu yrar.v, l„, was soc-CL-di.t by Rev. J. P. 
■adfRiy was successively in charge of the following 
Nelson Wagoner, Julius Eeimeusuvder, Allen 
I Jnlin Showers. 

c apparent that the public schools of the town 
ni|"j.-;cd tn purchase the 

HudMui. Ali-i- 
gcntlcnicii. u- |» 
Albert. Gctru-f I 
Iu ISlJil, wiit-r 
needed, and nuis 

Academy building tor the purpose. It. bad 
gain to thestocfcholdei-s, and, indeed, the eiitfr|iri- ■ lia.l ii.ti ln.'fd cunimenced 
in any such expectation. What they had al heart, iva^ thai advancement to 
the village and Us vicinity, which was sure to rc.-ult from tlic better and 
higher education of their rising youth; aud if ibis result could be assured, 
aud the continuance of Ihc school's high standing be guaranteed, they were 
uot-unwillintrtn mako tln^ proposed sale. So, in 1809, their building was 
purchased ini' tlir use aiitl inYiipancy of the graded public schools, and, ntter 
nn honoi-aljle ixi-ic] I .-rventeeu years, the McEweusville Academy ceased 

moved to Wi.'Ufk' 
McEweusville, an< 
of the wire, ecaild 

1 tlia 

?51, there was opened 
lie and the great out- 
tt JMcCorniick, and it 

:s. It was jillerwards 
■ was withdi-awn trom 
r the acc(Uunmdatiou 

member lllb. 1S57. The 
ibe liiiii- ihat the open- 

ii]n.,j, Mt-lCwciisville, aud 

tenth ol 111. ■..:.i. i: .1 li I ... ,1,,,. .,,..,,, I; i,,,^ nfiiber railway, 

cnmil,l.'l>:' ■ ..... ■ i.ti-..,,r;u,Mi.M-,i„r,r,M:i>m,ic or other 

secretorj.Ma... in.iii- i.:.,....,|. :,, . i|i ,i;.,-, ,„,.,„. It ba.- mie public house, 

three genera! .-tore., aiaj mi,., drug store. Tbe population in 1860, was three 
hundred and ninety-one, aud in 1870, three liuudred forty-two, a decrease of 

Thrfr^l rcsUlcnl ji/ii/tu'elaii was a Doctor Hnzleton, who established tliere 
more than tbirty years ago. He was very popular with the people, but died 
belore be bad practiced many yeai^. The next was Dr. R. H. Watson, a 
=-on nf Julm Wat.son, of Watsontown, aud cousin of John L. Watson, Esq., 
ot Slillon. Later eoiue Dr. J. H. Grier, who removed to Jamestown, 

Ailer Dr. Grier, the next was Dr. George Eoas, who wiis succeeded by 
Dr. Henry Life, the preacut physician of the borough. 

The manufacturing interests of SIcEwensville are neither numeroua nor 

Fomdnj and phughshop, Slain street, Samuel Gray, proprietor. The 
primupal work done i.'i the manufacture of ploughs and olher agricultural 



alP'3 if '^ m 




fffj of HON J J JOHN 



^ I" 

Fjirs Of T H PURDV ^uA/g 



q p J t 7 -T ( 

u lug a u k 

r M s y L 

fi d 


, M S 


■\V. M. BonI, and William F. Derr, the present prmeipal. Regula nsti 
tiona are given in algebra, geometry, natural pliilosopliy, pliysiol gy 
the languages, iu addition to the ordinary branches. The .schools 
tor five months in the year, lis directed by law, and are supported b\ 
scription for five months more. The present board is composed of IN II 
F. Kreicli, pi-esident; G, AV. Armstrong, secretary; Heni-y Life, t 
Alem Mauser, AVilliam C. Montgomery, H. K. Gulp. 

The Old "Pine."" Church, of the Covenantei-s, or Associate R t 
denomination, although it was not strictly within the area of the t 

and infiniate associations, seems proper to be n t 

1 thL? c 

, JUIU' 


. Dill 

,1 the right 

i.'r Guffy sold to trustees lor the chur I tl 
' iu the forks of the road leading to M It 
f thirty doHai-sper i 

and f 


and other valuable considerations." (He, however, afterwards du^ 
upon the three-fourths of an acre, and this the trustees accepted i 1 f 

the right to the spring,) and upon this spot of ground the old log ch I as 

The first pastor was Rev. George Junkia; after him came Re^-s. W II 
Wilson, McKinley, and othei^, under whose ministrations the cong gati 
worshiped in it tur iiiofc tlian Ibrty years. It really owed its existence to a 
dissatisiacliuii uJii. [i \r.u\ -[.mmi- up iu the Presbyt^riau Church in Milton, 
by which lli. I ' ,.1 uncle of Govei-nor James Pollock, trans- 
ferred their t.i -upport to the church of the Pines, aud mem- 
bers of that lliihjl) ir]Li..i r-> J ilcnd service thereuntil its diamembermentj 

about 1854, when ilii' curigrugat inn scattered to other churches, and the ground 
was purchased and the building demolished by Rev. Simon Boyer. 

Prexbytenau Church. — Tliis organization, called then the Bethel Cliurch, 
was formed in April, 1842. Ite constituent menibeis were those who, iu the 
previous year, had withdrawn, in conseijuence of an irreconcilable disagree- 
ment, from the Wiu-rior Run Church, under the ministry of the Rev. Mr. 
Bryson. The passions which oiused and resulted from that rupture, were 
e."iceedingly strong at the time, and, intleed, it can hardly be said with truth, 
that even now, after a lapse of thirty-five yeat^, they are entirely allayed. 

Upon the separation, they at once arranged to woi-ship iu the "Penuel," 
or " Pines" Church, which belonged to the Associate Reformed Congrega- 
tion. In the fitll of 1842, they completed and occupied the brick edifice in 
which they atill worship; on Church street. 

Their pastor, from the time of the secession, was the Rev. J. P. Hudson, 
who labored with them for about twenty years, up to the Fall of 1861. He 
is still living in Williamsport. 

The next regular pn.stor was Rev. Frederic Kolb, who ministered to themi 
from May 2l5t, ISfilJ, until February, 1873. In July, same year, he was 
succeeded by Rev. George Eilimi, iliuir ]in-(iit pa-^tor, who aleo has charge 
of the chun'-hes at Warrior Kini ;nid ut \\'^H.nnl.>wn. 


ed a. (ire/,.— This c 

. Henry Weagandt, wl 
' Rev, Henry Mosser, who, in 1873, 
present shepherd. 

For the first twi.i years after ! 
school-house, hut, in I • l-, iiim. ■! v. 
and erected a unin:. ■ ■ '■ i- 

shiped until 1S74, ■■■ i 
It is located on Jlmii -u. ■ i .nnl d 
Sabbath-school in ciunn'ctiiin. 

Mil rrv^ati^.fd in 1840. Tliefiist pas- 
r,;mL.iu..d until, 1866. The next was 
s succeeded by Rev. J, K. Millet, the 

' organization, they worshiped in the 

1 I 111 l,ui In i-iii.-, for building purposes, 
■: >...„■. In ibis, thev wor- 

Evangelical Lutheran Church. — On the 1st day of June, 1842, this con- 
gregation was organized, under the pastoral care of Rev. C, F. Stoever. 

The corLin-tniK' t;>i- a i-luuvh was laid no tlu' .'.ih day of May, 1842, 
upongrMumi dniiatiil to tlicni liy [Ii.iu-y llia-icr. 'flu- huililiiig was conse- 
crated til ilu' -I'lviii' iif AliiiiL'iit\' I ^inl, ( iiiiilii.T litli. IS42. ll was a union 
church, built juintlv by lh-_' Lutlnnui and K.-tnim.'d i.nngn-ations of the 
place. The Lutheran Church Council, at this time, was composed of Ehlers 
Solomon Truckenmiller and David Gold, and Deacons Henry Hartranft and 
George Hittle. 

On the 1st of April, 1846, the pastorate was assumed by Rev. S. R. 
Bover, and it was not until 1^)53, that the Rev. A. R. Horne succeeded him. 
Mr. Horne re-<igued in ISfio. after which the eougregation was long without 
a pastor, and, during that time, the pulpit was occasionally supplied by j\Ir. 
Griffith, a theological student. 

Tl 1 t k D 1 2 tl 186 b R E J \\ It h 

t I 1 t 1 1 M 1 1869 II d I b R G 

S 11 1 1 ft J 1^ 

Tl p e^ 1 1 t R U AI p- t d th 1 J n 1 t 18 1 
D I I t t tl L tl p 1 d tl 1 It 

t tl I 
ed th 1 

f t! Re- 


-I tl Sp mg f 184 J 

t hi It f g 

I t 1 tl 

1 tl B p t r^l 1 

[1 d d d d t d d mg 

-tl 1 1 

t 1 I t AI E II r b y 19th 

R DMIl as drat dJPTuti Ik 

d h ga 1 11 tt t bn, — E W 

M M C tj J ph O AI C ty J I "i g L h 
a\ M Carty M jGufiy M rtl E M i^l 11 d & rah 

M C t J m 
M C tj R 1 
"W. Parkei. 

The church was first supplied with preaching by Rev. Robert Lowry, and 
after him, successively, by Brothers Frear, Jones, Furman, Couard, Hutton, 
Rush, King, Hutson, Young, Patton, Waltz, Lloyfll, Davis, Copeland, and 
Nichols, down to the present time. 

Prayer-meetings, and Sabbath-scliool, have been sustained a portion of 
the time. 

Mclhodint Ckiirch. — Tins organization has been in existence many yeai^s, 
but its date is not precisely known. Preaching was fii-^t had in the pfhnol- 
house, and afterwards in the academy. Thr ilninh w;i- Imilt in I^H7. It 
is a neat and convenient frame-building, mi the main .--Irivi, va>l -iik', :iiid a 
short distance north of PoUisli street. It wa> built diiriiiL: tlu' p!i>ti>rat.' of 
Rev. William Wilson, and its cost was one thousand Ibur hundred and tifty 
dollais. The present pastor is Rev. Mr. Vrooman, of Montandon. The 
church is not in a fiourishiiig condition. 

The Fr&tbi/lcrian Bnrhil-i/roinid.— This is a ground of moderate size, near 
the academy buildlDg. In it lie tlie remains of many of the old inhabitants 
who, iu th'eir day, were prominent iu afluirs both secular and ecclesiasliciil. 


Not the least nmoug them was the Eev. Jolm BrjT=on. the veteran Pi-esby- 
leriaii olergj-iDaii, who was here laid to fest, after hnykg lived almost a 
century in pietv nnrl n*et'iilrip«. 

, Tlit L« 
briilge, on 


' Bifiial-pl/tce is a ground of some eight or ten 
li-lancc ont of the town, across "Warrior Run 
y. It is a neatly laid-out eiiclosui-e, hut of 



iMcEwensville would he iiicompleteif it omitted 

a mention of two old men who are now Ii\-inL' there, withiu a few rods of 

each other, upon the main street. They are ei-lilyfour yeara of age, witli 

■enee hetwi-i-ii iln-in. Tlir elder, Henry Header, 

(^'oiiiity, .\ii;:ii-l iL^ili, 1 7:i:i, and the very next 

Mil.' M llii,- C'.niiily nliMii )i,. was two years old. 
I-iii Hiv.iiil dilluiiil liiiiiK in Turbut township, 
• i, a|i| t" Siiiliiakir, the plow-maker and 
r- 'rid- a|.]ir,ijiir,.-lii|, !a-ud but two months, 

l"ll"»"i- -liii" ami 1 ■_! Header went to work 

■ '■'"■'" 1M.-,la !.,„^|„ Baker tavern-house, 

" 'i"l -^'liMiil-i- l.iili. bslS. From 183.3 to 

iiliiiiiil.i ila.iil I ■.iiiiny. ami li-i,ni 1839 to 1842, he 
His life has always been a busy one. 


a sing: 

e dav of ditlei 


born i 

1 Montgiinierv 



ISth, Andrew 


r. Reader's parent, ei 


iveil K 

th his tilth, r II 
April 1,1. l,s|: 

for Sialniik 

r die.1 ill Tla. 

as a 


t Hower'- mill 


■e nii-ul 

oned. He «a- 


, he in 

.Sheritliif .\n 

nd now, at eighty-four, be is 
In Andrew Guaj-"s childhood, his lather lived 

luth of Pino 

aiy Jtli, l.SL'l. li, ISV., h,- rm 
'. ami Ill-Id Ibal nllici. Inr iiiml 
Ic lile, he has alway.- held ihe e,-i 
and hi., old (Head have had i 
able end, and the route does no 

> have been, to the 


A thij'd public house followed about 1833. rhis was at the plact 

occupied by Keller, iiiid was opened , by yaniuol Buno' 
I!ev. .l.ihn Hiy.=„ii. He al<n, i,i enmjiany with Mr. Bryson's son John, started 
«.e /r, J -),„:. aw] ijieir tinn was Burrows &. Brpon. This store was 
diiveil, ,,|.|.,.„e J;,i, ,,,„.■ , „„„ Kellcr'sj tavern. 

1 lull ell - i^ Jjr\>..ii al Lei Hani,- .sold out to Ainos Blsel, who, Some years 
alter, dL-jiosed of llie laisim^s and removed to Jersey Shore, where lie died. 

Among the proprietuia of the store, alter Amos Biscl, were Michael Header 
and his sou Isaac. Slichael was also proprietor of the Burrows' tavern for 
some yeais. 

The uext store was that of Dr. Piper, who had removed to Turhutville 
from Milton, and commenced merchandising not loug alter Burrows & 

The settlement went on, and made some increase in population, but, in 
connection with its very slow growth, there scarcely occurred (with the 
exception of the building of the churches, and the buraiag of one or more) 
any events more noticeable than the ordinary incidents of every day life — 
openings of stores, Uiverns, or workshops, or changes in the ownei-sbip of 

The inauguraliiiii of canals, 
mark eras in tile livi^ ef ailiai 

ml laiblie 


of its Town C.I 
tliat council wii 
name, Turhnlvi 

populous places — and i 

1871, have been i 
There are, in ' 

Tile buildings destroyed m the file of 

.. Xo. 6J.3.— This organization 
ory brick building, on Mnilr str 

ri,e Tamienj of J. i: H. Hm-I 


1 the onlv 

ille, and i 

The Fmmlnj „S I'hilij, .»;„,■...(■, aii.l the M„.l,n,.-.l,.,,, „, F. (:„„l„a- 
are both in one building, towiieil liy l.le.uge Wyk.,li; j aii.l, in eiuiiie.ll.iii, they 
turn out plough and other castings, and do something in the manufacture 
and repair of mowing and reapiag-muchines, and other agricultural unple- 

lall way. In- H, Bitcni 

I by 


Mty d..ll 
P. L. IJi 

I \V.. 

J. K Waii,|i.,|.., aii.l, 
rite A'./„,„,.,l C/iioi/i.-Thia oiga,ii/.atiou wa, i 
Samuel Outelius was their liist pastor. 


Soon after, n small climvli building 
Rev. Henry Wagner, surii,.,!,.,! :>rr. 
Rev. Daniel Gring, i:..:n.j.- -\\-,,|li: a 
Mr. "\VnIH;tiieTnrbutvi!|,.:ih,l Kiv, 
disc clmi-ge, Afler liir rriinunni i, 

n with the Lutliernns. 

TiUraan Diti-, ,]„.• ,„, 

.-111 iiLinJ-ter 

After wm-liipiM.^ ii 

il.>.l,l [-„io 

question oC ivliivmrn 

||.,„ll t|„, nil 

to 1859.) resulting' in 

i1m' will.lnn 

congregation, and in 

Ix'ir l.iiildi, 

the congregation, (wh 

ID the union. A ne 

adjoining the old on 

l.iit li.-i;in 

burned doivo, destrm 

union, and eacli con"i 

eran,) then buiit a ne 

■ Inick Hum 

ground wliicli they Ji 

d held :>.< :i 

still the phu'e of wf,i-s 

ip of the U. 

I'. Ivcily. During the pa-^itorate of 
uvhe,-^ were taken from the Para- 
. Mr. Kelly from this ehureh.they 
i&iuniptiou of the eliarge by Rev. 

leh for more than thirty years, the 
^ agitated by the Luthera'ns, (1855 
lli.Mr .■onsisfory and part of their 

eonimeiiued, on the land 
ed, it took tire, and was 
with it. This ended the 
ind the New-school Luth- 
[lec'tive sole iise, upon the 

ihe Union 
ieeing Kim 

■ K^i 

is Rev. Jacob F. Wampole. 

'ewschool LuUwrun C/n(,Wi.— This church fi, 

he cuiisiMiiry. aud i);u'i nf ihe Lutbci'an eougregati 

I ilr. iMiller down. 

had ( 

t the ti 

of " Ne^ 


ithdreic from the 

'" "" !>' I'liii''! * iiiii'li. [Ill- (iiiiL remaining assuniiug the name 

■ ' ' > iiliLlniwal, the union commenced 

■'''■■ ..^ l.iirni-,1 before completion. This 

'"'"' ' ■ I-— - -.: ■!. ■: Li.. i;:u'iii .lud the erection of two newchurch 

'"'" ''> I'l^ -Ni w - 1 1 Lutliu-ruri:;,and the other by (he Reformed, 

>■>■■< .-laiiibriL' "111 ibr L.',i.iiiid which hadbeen held by the union. In 
ing '•[■ this ii..iiM.. ("-.■Liiiiary a's*ist4ince was kindly" oflered by their 
■ the Uu-lorjiiud Uuireii. Their present pastor is Rev. U. Myei-s. 
•ipii»t Church, of l\irbutville, is au oft-shoot from the "Derry Bap- 
■gauized in Derry towngliip, Montour Countj^, July 

tist Church, 
1st, 1846. 

On December 7th, 1867, tliut church voted to build a place of woi-ship in 
Turbutville, and in due time they proceeded with the work, so that it was 
dedicated, September 12th. 18G9. During the process of construction, the 
congregation lield services in the school-house, until August. 1869, when they 
were eiuiblod to meet in the basement of tlie new buildujg, tliough timt was 
before its iledication. 

The churcli, during the time of ite existeuee, has received ninny into its 
fellowsliip, of whom some have removed to tlie west, and to other sectiona, 
and have united widi churches there. Tlie pastor is Rev. Henry C. Munro 
who lias labored in the churches at Derry and Turbuhille during the past 



of I„la-,u„t.- 

-Thcvc are hvo >vi 

lin the town boundaries, viz. : tile 

1 of tilt. Rdb 

m«l and 

ool Lutlieraus, contiguous to their 

w burials aro iiu 

niiide, and that of the original 

1 disii: 

The Tin 

III' '■ ri/ ]~ :i\, enclosed ground of five-and-one-teuth acres, 
well sitmitcl no ilu ,„»]„ i..:u\. to the north-east of the town, and just out- 
side the limit.-:. It w;l- ijir„i'pt,iated in 1867, the owneis and mauagere being 
Samuel Leinbach and U. H. Barto. It is divided by Uie usual avenues and 
foot-paths, aud is laid oft" into four hundred aud eigh^ lots, of which seven- 
teen lu'c reserved for tlie free biu-ial of the poor. 

The fii^t interment within it, was the ivifo of Daniel JMeuges; the next, 
Mrj. William Levan; aud the thii-d was William Deutler. 

The plank-walk from the town is extended as iiir as the cemeteiy. Thrifty 
maples are growing along its front, and a considerable number of evergreen- 
trees have been planted within the enclosure. It is the intention to inter- 
sperse these \vith ornamental, deciduous trees, which will add greatly to its 


theiiifoi-jiiniitjii i.^ du-rivLd. 
by his griiudlathcr about 
establish about the date gi 
had settled, previous ti. the 
presumption would be, thai 
not left until twenty-five . 
I directed, ver' 

1 the venerable Jacob Snyder, who, soon 
I road through the wilderness, and settled, 
mile above the present site of the town 
y of the hardy old pioneer, 
ieneed in establishing the date of Mr. 
1 Eoughner, from whom 

ng Ibut the 


aud, nutil the comp 

one in th 

place. This chapei 


■ R..fkt'fL-llcr Wii.-^ ;n, 

years ;,li 
is still liv 


Hon. .Mr 

i." ,;;.;;: ;l7;|■,;^" 


1 t '..[iir\ ' . ■■ 1 


n, «li. , - .: 

powder aud kad, Mr. Knrki 
James Alexander, annthe 
store, about 1812. The Im 
1870, and the more portenii, 
A store, established near lli 
him with the Pencil Brolln' 
There are now in town oiiu 
maker's-shop. A large brici 
years, which furiH.diL¥, in ll 
Fellows. This society is the 

Jt patronage. 

lydertown, opened tlie first 

litd by him, was burned in 

lield il 

logs at pri\ 

jideit in 111 
L- bouses, and v 

retired, could be obtained. 

Just west of the town, on the road leading to Sunbury, stands the German 
Reform and Lutheran Church. Many yeais ago, these societies, ivho generally, 
in tlie County, are united in the erection of their houses of woi-ship. as.«em- 
bled in a snuill (iame-house, then standing in one corrifi- of ibiir <'i'iin'irv 

opposite the present imposing structure. This houi-f bi liiiL' <•"• -iii;ii!, in 

1869, they unitedly built the brick clmrcli, which, in ankiliolural .k-.-igu 
and finish docs credit to any locality. Their ccmeterv ie tastefully laid out, 
occupj'ing a sloping location, near the chuicb. 
Snydertown is now in tri-daily communication with the outside world, by 

of Ihe Shaniokin branch 
May, 1872, upon petition of its c 
was erected into a borough, since 
roads have been built, aud woll-e 

of the Northern Central Railroad. In 
izens, the territory for some miles around 
I'hich time the place has steadily improved ; 



I 1 1 I 

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> bea tihill =it t d tl 1 ft 1 nk t tl S q 1 

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d t h pp t D tl II k 
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tliat aliould uot be passed by, is the file-cutting manufactory of Mr. Roseii- 
Bteiu. In tliis establishment, one of the Imppieat and merriest Tcutona in 
tlie Coramonwciiltli. will, in the short space of fifteen minutes, with a small 
cbiael and largo hammer, renovate nn old file, and make it equal to the best. 
His files have well earueil for him a wide reputation. 



recent origin, having been laid out about the time of the 
completion of tla- Philadelijhia and Erie Railroad. Tim- land was owned 
by George Seiler. wIk. early )^aw the advantage- of position, and as soon as 
tlie railroad became a fixed fact, he laid out the town, and snld the j)lot to 
the railroad compajiy. The place now cojilairif; one liceii^i-d liuicl, mi.' imi- 
pernnce house, and two stores. The pust-otfice was christciuif il.T[i.i..n, in 
honor of the brave Captain Heriidon, who, as master of an A-piimall -t.iini- 
ship, lost lii.-^ life in an eH!)rt to save his ship, oil' Huttera.-' Sln.;d.-. Tin' [.na- 
tion is pleasant and healthv- 

Tl J la 
state ot I tl 
la 1 1 

1 1 
11 11 1 1 

e peuj t e tl nt tl e j i 
t n e but tl R I 1 Ign 
tie 1 n ttl 1 t 

1 1 1 h 1 

lit ri 
tti ,1 

1 tl In, 
\ 1 t t td 


1 1 
1 1 

f 11 1 1 

ent „d 


tl tl 

Tlie idea of founding a to\vn so near to Danville, was considered by the 
Solonh of the neigliborliood as an impracticable scheme, but, contrary to 
such expectations, two-tbirds of all the lots were sold within two years, at 
prices varying from sixty to one hundred and fitly dollotT* tor each lot, on tlic 
plan of ten per cent., cash down, and balance in thirty-six monthly instal- 
ments at six per cent, interest. The first house erected on the town site wa.^ 
built by William Spotts, in May, 1869, and occupied by bim shortly aflerwards. 

During this year, a number of houses were put up and occupied by their 
owners. In the year 1870, some twenty or more cotuige-housea were erected 
and occupied. At this time, the need of better school accommodations being 
apparent, a few enterprising citizens advanced the means tor the construction 
of a large and substantial two-sto3-y brick building, costing fourthousandsix 
hundred dollars, and tented the same to the school district, until such time 
as they would be able to purchase it. 

There still being an active demand for town lots, William Faux, an ad- 
joining land-owner, made an addition of thirty-two acres to the original plat, 
ami disposed of the same in blocks itnd sections, in a few montlis realizing a 
handsome profit. 

I tie Tall ot tic ea 18 E G flel 1 a d otl rv pur laaeltlo 

Ijo ug fa n of C P Gea ha t and T ( A au \ r-t an laying o tl c 
uutl le ot tl p II al 1 al n t S h ta g about one 

lunleU Hot 1 h l^iu tl la d out to onf n to tl 

general plan ot I 1 II tl e an t n Dan 1 U by la 1 ut 

a a 1 1 t n f t 1 n tl e-t 1 f tl e to n m k n tl e e t e 

a I 1 1 u tl 1 11 n 1 tl 1 u I 1 and 

til II lilt ,1 b o tl 

V I fli 1 1 1 d I 111] t A\ 1 tl a 1 

111 t 1 i 1 11 t 1 b tl 

1 I t 1 M 1 d t ™ n I 1 II 1 t gx 

I I 1 I 1 tl hu Id 1 a I p 1 I tl 1 

I I II ffi nt o 1 1 1 1 a d k 

111 to 1 I T 1 

1 1 

11 »l nt 
n b of 
1 1 ot go i 
t tic I 1 

uated a 1 k II II 

Tl e n 1 t t 1 1 1 t 1 1 1 k n tl 1 01 1 eel gl t 

I op I n k 1 I t 1 la nd 1 t but ot least tl e 1 otel 

Tl In-t o tl f n tl 1 t t ri loatonisdc. bel 

so It I t I a d oul 1 to tl e>e ot tl e t ant to he too 

mu I ouk Ic t th o 1 1 to ju t tl tl e e t on t u 1 a e 1 li e as no 

gra es tl e to It bn It 1 t p eaeut j j to ot mat al loan I u 

the n d ate 1 1 Tl 1 k e e ta tu d fion 1 du„ f o 

tl e fl t I II It 1 1 tl ot fine, h k la s found Tl e 

1 I t t o I e b 11 a Ijo nm Tl e c te nal 


L est 1 I t u^ to tl e ioundat on of tl e 1 otel 

11 II b I n I II 1 to gr ultu al pu po e= fo 1 1 tl e c 

3 a la ge le u I I o tl e o g n of tl e nan e a I fi -st settlements ee 

An al of SI an ok to nsl p 

E e Ic s I t on tl soutl hank of tl e no tl east 1 a I of tl e S s 
quel a nn r 1 [ p te Da II is la 1 o t 16b I 1 n 

po at 1 t I gl h a \ t ot As. mbh M IS 1 Tl e ontou of 
tl I I I, tl 1 1 t to a Is tl 1 t 1 1 ato goo 1 lo t on 

1 all 1 tt t il teottlet ne ha&abonttl ee 

h nd ed a t la I o g nil) t ke i an 1 u 1 und p tents to 

El jal Wee I I a C g ud otl e a a I a 1 ()•) a 1 t tl t pc nd 
lo med a 1 t ot Be ks Co utj In 18( 8 ne 1 und 1 n 1 tl t) ac e ot 
tieaboeaca i lacdlo ■« 11 am H n k b Tl o as Bea er 
Dan el Ho gnu B e ^^ 1 1 and I H 1 n e an I b the d d 1 j 
into to u lot 

I I I I H II II L a 

I II I I I 1 tnani 

II u I 1111 I Lcl tl 

No tlu 1 la I ! II II II I 1 1 n Itl 

A g otl I I 1 I I 1 1 y I men 

t one 1 I Ik I 1 R 1 Da O n i a j n 1 

CI IT g I an 1 

Ab ttl t tl t n la lo t Da dCllTc a [C encolllorst 

all 1 I ga le ttl d 1 e t t ng a n n,c on a small scale 

gn I allj 1 n I I ue^ op t on, un 1 tl n n ot CI llo as on 

el tl tl t "^ ng ot flo e 1 1 ut an 1 t ees I as hccon e qu te 


Beaut till t I ou tl I I g o 1 tl e o tl -east 1 t of tl bor 
ougl tl M t \ C te nd ne I ch tjl stands hat Is 

kn tl Ol 11 a 1 a t CI 1 

Tl c 1 I d t n 10 obta n I a act fixjm tl c legi lature autl or 
z t tl ot tl n 1 1 llai^ u p ent bonds to pur i ise 

tlebllng tit 1 lpp-< dtl)a Itbt onal gron d 

Tl e I e nt 1 1 1 1 f tl 1 t t 1 t e cced tl rco thousand 

tou 1 1 1 I 11 

O II 11 I I I tl lu ess u ovey Iran 1 ot 

til 1 I 1 II I t I I a t tl rcc y rs 

n III 11 I I 1 II tl evcntonot 



.ttl I e 1 187b) tie oaf e th tl e bo o gi 1 m ts seventy build ngs 

f I 1 a eh k 
la II 1 ft 1 01 t} 1 uu 1 ed and three tl o isand 
a I 1 I I I ttl il 1 I Id 

1 ] |1 I 11 n I 1 bletste milch lU g 

I I Ijlt f nteesanlntle general 

ft lit to n f e jnal age tbm tl e Co 

111 1 a t ot b tt or n o ub taut al improvements 
it II Qcuce sobr ely ud udnst ) c] a acte ze the c lizens ot tl c pla c 




This prciil nnil good umn, now Ucwased, wns Iwm in Unit! Eaglt Valley, Centre 
rounly, Vi,., Mard> 23(1, 17!)fl. 

^^'!ll.■Tl ii young man lie learned tlit (iriiilei's Inidc, in UcllefDiile, Cenire County, and 
n 1820, oune to Kiinbury ami .>t:Ll>li.-.lLL-.i :i i^qxT .ailed llie "Public Enquirer," ivbich,. 

thai artons-..r(I^ ri-.iili.-.| in ii,. . ....Mnnlin.i uf ivIiMi w;l^ lln.n willed [lie Danville and 

PotLsvillf, bill n.^iv 111.. SlKiTM..kii, V:,lh-> anil Potl^villc Rjulroad. 

.\.s Clniinii^iii ..I -.i S.k-. I I ; ill.-.-, iii.i)oinKil by tbo Senate, lie dso prepared and 

Coal rieliJB of tbe State. For tjie first vxr.-ji-ivr iiiv..~iii;uii..ii ..f il.ese interests, and the 

innugtiration of important ine:tHiire>;, wliicli hav.' .uv,- Ic.l I imR' vdop men t of these 

leading indiistries of the Commomvealih, Mr. Pi.rk.r nill l.v.t be held in grateful 

He possessed greiit force of cliaraeter and a remarkably cheerful, social disposition, 
■jtid was admirably ealculuted to make friends, among ivlinin was the Hon. Simon 
Cameron, who ,Tas very wannly ■Mh.vM m him. H- wa- iil>., ,.n<!<»v«I u-irl. t'reat tact 
andcnei^,andbeainieavorv:,.iiv:.r..l l,,ll,„mr,l i-lin-im^ II.- -va- iU.u.linE«pirit 

Jlrs. R E. Riddel, of IIuntinBdmi l V.nnly, Pa. Th^- s.--.-.>iid s.m, Simiuel .1. Packer, Jr., 
is the Ca§liier of the First National Bunk of Sunhury. The oldest eliild, 

of Simbnry, was horn in this Uirough, Mardi 21sl, 1824. Mlien a diild he attended 
aeliool in Harrisburt', nt the lime his father was n niembor of the Legislature. After his 
fathcr'H death, ivhicli occurred when yonng Packer was in liis eleventh year, he was, for 
some four years, a student at the old Sunhury Academy ; first, under the tuition of Cale 
Pelton, and suljsequently, that of F. M. Lcbhrun; both genlletncn of high reputation as 
educnton). ^- 

At tlie age of iiftccn, he entered a corps of enginecrqfwhcre he was employed for 
nearly tli"-e yeure; fitut, on the WiconiMto Cunal, and afterwards on the Slate's explora- 
tion of the route between Harrisbuig and Pittsburg, on which is now comiltuctcd the 
Pcnasylvuiiia Eailroud. 

Ho then began the sUuly of law ill the office of EliencMr Grcenough, Esti-, of 
Bunbury, and was adniiltcd to the bar on August Glh, 1S4J. He at once entered on the 
jiraetiec of his profession in Sunhury. 


itor and an able debater, 
luonwcallh, and use<l in 

County, ;mil in Mr. I'a. k,r i-.-.k -> \-a.\uv- |.a.-i, u.,- ihi^ p;L=s.-i(ie of an act intor- 

the Borthcm tfrmimis of the York ami Ci.mbcrlaud Eailroad to Sunhury; also, with 

Prior to this, Philadelphia had lookeil with a jealous eye upon nuy improvement 
wMcli would be likely to (Uvert the trade of the Sustpiehanna \'ulley towards Baltimore, 
and up to that time, through her large delegation in the Legislature, had successfully 
resisted all attempts to secure a charter for the coiislniction of a railroad or other 


asied until the clojc of the session, the 

short time thtruafi-r, ih.- .■.,iM],auy wa.s orgnniml, the route selected, and the work put 
under eonlmut. The ^ras efleclcd hy the election of William F. Packer,— 

Geoi^e F. Miller, Joseph H. Priestly, and Eli Slifer, dircclore, residing in the Stale of 
Pennsylvania, who were associated in the direction irith a number of gentlemen from 
the city of Baltimore. 

Uiwn the comidetion of this public thoroughfare, it was con.-olidale<l, under authority 
granted by the Legislatures of the States of Marj-land and Pennsylvania, iviih the York 
and Cumberland, the York and Maryland, and the Baltimore ami Sii.sqiiehiiimii E.iilroads, 
imder the title of the Northern Central Railway, forming a continuous line of railroad 
from the city of Baltimon: to the borough of Sunburj-, a distance of one hundred and 
thirty-eight miles. 

During the construction of this work, and for some time after the consolidation, 

entcriirise lie has l)ecn the ailomey of the corai>any. Indeed, for a period of some ten 
years, he dcvolwl much of his lime to this undertaking, and it is largely oaring to his 
energy and able management that its success became assured. 

In 18-57, Mr. Packer was elected President of the Bank of Northumberland, then 

Sunhury, and still remains the head of this institution. It may be added that he tue- 

Str. Packer has not, however, on account of his connection with the bank, omitted 
his attention to his professional duties, hut has prosecuted tlicsamc with great diligence 
and signal success. He has been engaged, on one side or the oilier, in all the leading 
causes tried in Northumberland County, as well as in many of the more important cases 

I X 




V ^ 




ailrond cases, and also a number of suits involving the originul land till(s of lh« Coni- 
iionwcnltli, ninny of ivhicli-liavcuow become the lending ones in (his bmncli of llie law 

of Mr. Buchnnnn for tlie Presidency, and 
inim was Ilie Democralie cundi.iiiie for Hie 
sliind Willi Ibo Rcpublicnu party, in whose 

On ilie Till of October, 1876, he wns, for Hie fifth lin.e, nnaninionsly nominated for 
Congrfeis Ijy the Bepiiblican Conference of the Fonrtccnih Congressional District, bnt 
declined the nominuiion, "ont of a rngnrd for the rigbto of the other portions of the 

r'ongitaaionai D 



II Congress. Ho 

n. Joli 

n B. 

■ I cndotsu it. 

H» I. 


-niijiorl of Hepu 



■ -iTviiv liiis beo 





Dnrin- Uil- b,i.. 
in the Ciuise of Ihc ( 
clForts lo suhdne the 

e Lower House of tl 

'4 been re-elected in 1870, 

During his eight years of Congrc^ionnl service, Mr. Packer has taken ii vei 
ivo piirt in nil the mast important measures that Juive been before that body. 

urged V 


ings of "Black 

iwn and useful ciii/en of Stmhujy wii'; horn in Norlhnmhei 

i Chnirntan of the Committee on 
y important measures afrccl%.Uie 
ly those proposed to he conslnietcd 

^ eoinjiiiitee, Mr. Packer reported a hill securing the free trans- 
lirijiigh the mails, in the county wliercin piiblisherl, and after 
, Miccecded in eireedng its passage, by virtue of ivlitch this 

the trial of nearly 

HIT; a part of the t 

August, 187G, at the age of « 
Mi: Rockefeller was a a 

I i"Lil a 1 ^ritiition of more than ordina imiuslr>- to his profession; and his dea 
01K-I liilc to lands is still in dispute. 


In liis rnraily and social r 
■ry opporhinity to become on 

i Idnil, nffecUonnlc, and geniul. He I 


■t of the 

Slate, but iie iibhori«d covcloiiimes, mid hw cosy imd generous (Jisposilion caused liini to 
be tlie friend iind coui^selor of all who eidled ujxm liiin for aid. 

Mr. Rodicfeller bud a fiimily of five sonN, one of whom, at ihe time of bis premature 

viving members of Lis fimilly, ore liia widow, Mre. Catberintf Bockefellcr, and his oldest 


udt-e .lord 

^ [ulniil 

Uc Ix^ian llie pracllai of bis pr-fe^iioi. in AlinersviUo, Sebuylkill Coimly, but in 
about u year relumed lo liiK nulivc town, where he has since resided. 

In early life be entered the field of jjoliiii^ and was a prominenl menil>er of tile 


f Chie; 

BuiBCSioF ibe Jtoroufjh nf >ij>. ... " ■- i K-.i'-'i i" tin.- clhiv In; now holds, 

Although IliLi distriet was, at the lime, niruiigly Denioeralie, Judge Kockefellor curried 
it by a I^cpublican majority of over fifteen hundred. 

The I^gal MdlUjcncn, at tbe time (if bis election, remarked, thai "Our Stale Reports, 

1 the 


Tbe gentleman whose name forms the caption of this biogr:iphical sketch, is a leading 
member of ibe Suobuiy bar. He is tlie second cbild, in a fiunily of two sons and ibree 
daughlcre, of Joseph Wolverton, Esq., now residing in I^wrence County, Pa., and was 
born in Nortbural.eriand Counly, Januarj- 2aib, 1837. 

Up lo die age of seventeen he worked on a farm, enjoying such educational fiiciliUes 
as tlie common bcIiooIh of that day presented. He there spent a coujile of ycara in tbe 
Danville Aeadeniy, uiiiler Uie tuition of Prof. J. E. Bradley," employing his wintere, 

At ihe age of nineteen he repaired to Lewi-sburg University, and entered the Fresh- 
pendent uiHjn hw own rvwourei:., and, ;it (bat liin.-, fell compelled 10 forego the advantage 

tcolli^c, and trust to liis after cH'orts fo 

Accordingly, in September, 1859, be returned lo the University at Lewishnrg, and 
liy exlni energy and ajiiilicalion, completed the studies of the Junior and Senior yeare in 
tlie time of one year, and in 1800 graduated, wearing ibe bonora of lib class in a Latin 
salutatory. At tbia time, lie was six hundred dollars in dehl, all of whicli lie subse- 
quently liquidated by leaching. 

In September of this year, be tame to Sunhury and Iwtjiuie prineipal of what was 
known uB tbe Hanbur.' Aiadeiny, wliidi i>.^ilinii Ik.- bild iiniil April, 18C2. Ujkhi UJdng 
eliiirge of the s,OHK,l,'bc al.s>. hJj^iin lli.- Hludy i.C hiw uniiLT llie in.stniction of H. J. Wol- 

Judge Aleiaiider Jor<ian, with whom be fini^^hcd hi:* k-feiil prepanition, and was admitted 
lo the Bar in Sunhorj-, in April, 18G2, when be imraediutely opened im olliee and began 

Since Hint time, he lins been employed in almt^t every cose of importance tried in tlie 

The difjister to the Union arms at F rfderiik^luirg and Chancellnrsville, in tbe late 

Civil war, emboldened tlie SoullK-rn ; ; i.. ,iii. iii|.i i..i i - i., .m invasion of the 

r obtiuning Uie clia 

Ibc hust nai 

Mr. Wolverton is ondowed with almost iiiilimite<l powen^ of endunmce, and w 

four, allowing hituself an average of not more than six houi^ for .leep. This he t 
felt neccssilaled to do on lU-eount of his slr.iilened pecuniary^ lances, and 

Sueli steady application and unremitting toil, however, must, sooner or later, tell 
upon the strongest constitution, and the fear b entertained by tlie friends of Mr. Wolverton 
tliat liis unusually arduous and useful life may be imdiily shortened by the burdens he is 

Sir. A^'olverton early realined the fact that the higbeat success in any avocation is 

it was his i;riai.-.l ainbiii,m i.. i-xcell in the practice of the law, he has applied all his 
energies in ili:<' din-, lii.n , .iu.l. :ihlioM(fh hehiL<been often solicited lo become a candidate 
.It difli-R-ni liuu - inr v.,,i.„„ ,.,„iii„i,s of public trust and honor, he ha.-^ declined lo do 

As might be expected, his career liiia been crowned with most signal success, and 
the legal eminence to which, when a youth, he so ambitiously aspired, has been happily 

In this brief skelcb of the life of this gcntlemim, is presented a moat striking 

etTort;— an example well worthy of imitation by all young men whose ambition prompts 

combines all ih,.- >-k-nu-iii.s „f a d.orough gentleman. 

He married Mi.-.- F.lizaheth D. Hendricks, daughter of Benjamin Hendricks, of 


Rev. ■\Villiain Purdy, was the founder of what Is known as the Abington Baptist Associa- 
tion. 1^ grand-failier on his raolher's side was Rev. WiUiam Clark, a. native of New 

Mr. Purdy's boyhood and early youtli were spent in the lumber woods and on the 


fHllier's (lentil, wliieh occiirreil wlicn young Piiriy was Boventecii yeiire of age, he cnrried 
on l!ie lumber and form business for some two yoare, dnring wliicli periwl he apcnt n 

In 1872, lie delivered, by npiioinlment, the histonenl oration nt the ceiitcnninl cele- 
bration of Sunbury, in Ibnl yt-nr. It was si cnrefnlly pre|inTOl and very valuable pro- 

In April, 1876, Jfr. T'.irdy, in >-...Mi.nny with |ir. 11. Un;:, <.( .Sunbury, and J. B. 

Ewing, Esq., of nurri-Kiii. , ,,i,,-,,; ,1:,., n ,. , ,, M,:.,, I the Penary!- 

vunia Steelworks an.hl.. I . ; >.\ : |i. .... ., I,,,„ni.i.s bJen 

l«idonlintoalowni-uli...l ! ...:..: -.■.. :,■: i..;! :l i. ,;,,, ..,ih ..riolKwure 

liiivu been erected thereon. 

On December lOih, 18111, Mr. Purdy \ros marrioil (.. Mi.^- yUuy E., d:iiij,-hler of Dr. 
Robert E. James, of Norlhiiniplon County, Puna^vlv^iin;,. Tbl- miion h-.u^ U*n blessed 
witli (be birth of tliree sons and one daogbter, on.- ..i' tb. i-i i,,... ,1.., ,.,., ,1. 

Mr. Purdy is a gentleman of siijierior .nonlul ..n.',nu,'.,n,,n, . |,.,„- j,.,l<.monl, great 

hin character is bis remarkably quiet, niiiissimiin- .li-,..-!-. ■ ,- ! !,. . ,,,i,li,|, „nimiias- 
BionednianncTnfde.ilinKintb [bines. With lb,-, . : ... I , ....n,,- .,f r,^;,<i- 


ii c\Kn, J 

■s bom Chea CoP nsbrog > bed 

grc hood dram iss Sara <? td 

P ca h m > h mbe and 

as coop rad d man rs ca ned h bi 


Tlu3 gentleman is the oldest eon of John Cake, Jr., just noticed. He was bom in 
Northumberland, Pennsylvania, on (bo 2oth of November, 1811. Being the son of a 
pioneer, he was cradled in tlie (ri Idem ess. and reared amid surroundings the humble 

menicd by a fciv years' allendance ni>on what was fl^n known a^ the North urn be rl and 

tt beginning Latin. Mr. 

Wb. II M iL'lii,<ii vi^.r^ of age, be went to Harrisbnrg, where, under.the direc- 
tion of Aiuiir-i lvc,.(V.i-bn.ibLT-in-hiw to General Cameron— he learned the business of 

progress was very rapid. In the brief period of sis nionlbs he hud aeqnircd siith pro- 

Between two and tliree yeaK were devoietl to this (ra.le. nnd aKiauigb b. might 

Harrlsburg, with whom he remained about a year and a half. He llien repaired In 
Miincy,' and, spending about the same time, Sniuhcd ofT in the office of the late WUliam 
Cox Ellis. 

Early in 1837, he was admitted to the bar in Will iamsport, Lycoming County, Pa. 
In MiW, of (be same year, lie located in Harrisburg, and, with a few books, bc^n the 
practice of liis profcsaion, iiv wliich he continued for ten ycani. During (Ids timo he met 
wKh very encournging success, and realized from liis practice u hnndsome income. 


ed in niarrijigc w 


.ojnr.-; I 

T> to Trenlo 


.1,, ,„,,.,„ 




.!m. !iml Williiiri 
.. r nf Mre. 

loin, A<Ihi„ i:;ikv^, i. iiR-.jil.or of llitj SiinLnrj- bnr, ami iilso prusidraL of llic 

\my Ilroini Cake, married Joscpli Sanisou Adiiiii, nn iron ilcilcr miri all 

li Ciinmin, Coniietlicui. 

Edilli Brott-n Ciiltc .liud in iufiint.v. 


It eitemb from the old boroael' line ou the Soiiili to llie North Branch of the 
•jiidmiiDii ou til.: north, a distance of more than half a iiiik-; ami from llic mum 
on llic wial lo ilic Calawissa road on thu east, a dislanfc of iihoiil a mile. The 

Sim.-e the last-named dale, Colonel Cake has sold off lots to the amount oi 
linndred and Bits- llioiisaiid dollar, liaving disposed of about one-thinl nf the original 
This addition is familiarlv knoira as 

1 home in Poltsvillc, and 



, Lycnuiing County, Pa., Mil)- lOtli, 1798. He is tlic . 

Dilii^r HiKaiiiiii MLf'Ic^rtT, Imili nnlivtsof Pcniifi_vlvnnia. 

ih™, wlittc tlip [liircnLi (ik-il, ii[ nn advanced ago. 

I'll yoars (if iisf, viiunK Jordiin liiid a mililary experience 

After ll.c rt:^igniilion of Mr. Bclliis, Jlr. Jordan cOTilimie<l to serve as derk under 
the snewssive Prothonoliirics, Dr. Geo. W. Brown, and Andrew Albright. 

in Union, Norlliiir..lerland, and Montour ccunliea. The bar of Norlb.imberlflnd County, 
at this lime, wns imposed of son.e of tlic nirat distinguished lawj-cre of tlie Slal-^Hall, 
Bradford, Bellas, Greenough, Hepburn, and Murr; all belonged to a high order ol 

Judge J..n]..> ba..L.u. twice ,.u,rried; Grv,, on May Ulb, IS'JO, lo Miss Ml 
nghtcr of Daniel HnrlL-y ; and a scooml time on October 13di, 1S58, to Miss Hanp 
i.uliler of David Ritlenlmiise, a lineid deseendant of llie celebrated Natural Phil, 
er, D.ivid RittenbouEe, of Philadelphia. 

In August, 1S;J2, lie ordained im elder in the Preahyterinn CLureh, wliich p 




months he workci 

The gcntlciiinn wliosc iiniuc wc linvc plticcd n( llic head of thii< bjogniphical tikcldi, 

cInughlLT. His i-iirly liist..ry is that of h fatlRTless boy, strugeling to something of 
himself nmid Ihe ililiimiliies il.i.I gnlher nroi.nii cliildhoo.! and poverty. For n number 

winter monlbs, duriiii; wbtib time he ^Yo^kcJ for hLs boiml. 


son of Williiira Dcwarl, was bom iu Sunbury, in November, 1781. At ihiit time the 
pincc ivjis liule more than a miiiLiry ikmI in (he wilderness. For anmy ycura he wm 
nssistanl in his fnlhor'R slorc. 

In 1S15, lie wasolecled to the House of Eepresenlativcs of the Pennsylvunia Legis- 
lature, where lie served for several years. He was also aubsequenlly elected to the Slate 

From 1831 to 1830, he was Repreaentalivc in Congress. He was then returned to 
the Pennsylvania Legislature, where he was made Speaker of the House of Eepre;:enta- 
tivcs, which position he held for ihe yeare 1837 and 1838. 

With Stephen Ginirti, of Philadelphia, mid General Daniel Montgomery, of Dan- 
ville, Mr. Dewiirl van a prime mover in tlie enterprise of what was then known as the 
Danville and PotlHville Eaitroad. He waa also a member of Uie fimt board of direclora 

In 1840, he retired from active business, and led a private life until April 20tli, 1852, 
when he died al his residence in Siinburj-, at the advanced age of seventy-one. His rc- 
miuns rest in the only vault, in the old Sunbury burying-ground. In iwlitics, Mr. Dcwart 
wiw u Democnil, and a very warm friend of General JackKon. He possessed a fine per- 
sonal appenrance, was honomble in hLs dealings, and popular atnong the iieople. His 
wife was Elizabeth Liggett, of Chester County, Pa. He had but one chiltl— 


who was bom in Sunbury, Jime 21st, 1820. JIuch of his boyhood was passed away 
from the place of his nativity. His early eduealiun was largely obtained at Harrisburg, 
whither faUier took him, and where he remained during a number of sessions of the 
Lceislnliire, of which his father was at that tin.e a mejnber. He took his preparatory col- 
legiate emirse at Diekliwdn College, Carlisle, Ph., and then entered the Sophomore elaas. 

of law, and de- 

■ridgeat JIilton,forpass:igc. " 2\ro «n(H" toll wasde- 

lillle p.^rleyinB, and a "promLse to pay as soon as he 
ieeper, j^ueing that the youth had an honest face, per- 

nienev of their toll-collector. 


This gentleman is a di 

This ancestor had his n^iduice near a spring, al that lime somewhat noted, upon what !s 
now k-nown as the oW lUt-,er farm. It w.ts jiiluulcil upon the well-known Indian trail 
that radiated from Fort Augii.sUi, soulhwar.1. The old gentleman cntcrc<l some twelve 
hundred acris of land in Ihe township just named. Her* he spent his life and raised a 
large family of diildreii, ami to each son and daughter he give a farm. One of his sons 
was David Malick, Jr., and father of the subieet of this sketch. He twice married, 

his first wife being a Miss Herb, by ivhoin he had Iwo sons and four daughiers. His 

second companion was Mbs Catharine, daughter of George Miller, of Upper Mahanoy 
Township, this County. By this marriage he had three sons .-uid two daughters, one of 
the former of whom is now the Hon. Solomon Malick, of SLinbury. He was bom in 
Lower Augusta, June !5ib, 1831, and was only two yeare old when his father died. His 
mother, under the will of his grandfalher, David Maliek, was secured in the use of the 
farm of her husband, and the appliances thereof, until the yoLingeat eliild wils fifteen years 

Young Malick worked on this fami till he was eighteen ycare old. He then spent 

he early timied his attention to the same, and received instruction in singing from 

William, a brother of the editor of the Sunbury Gazdle. His iidvaneemcnt 


In 185^ he took a trip to Europe willi his family, where he spent about a year in 
(raveling through England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Germany, Italy, Swiliorland, and 

Among the public positions which Major Dewart has filled, may be mentioned that 
of delegate lo the National Democratic Convention, at Baltimore, in 1852; also, to the 
Cineinnati Convention, in 1856, and to the Douglas C.ravenlioii, in I8(i0. He was also 
nn elector upon the Douglas ticket, from Penn-sylvania, in the presidcnliul canva.-! of ISCO. 

In 1856, Mr. Dewart was elected to Congress, and served four years. 

Since 1860, the M:uor has witlidrawn from public service, and has been tlevoling his 

He is a porUy gentleman, of fine oppeiiraniw, and of genial dispnailion, and is a very 
influential member of sociely. 

It is a coincidence, quite striking, that Mr. Espy Van Horn, Major Dewar^s wife's 
father, was Uie direct predecessor, in Congress, of Major Dewarfs faiherj and also, that 
Mr. William Wilson, sleti-falher of Mre. Dewart, wi« her father's predecessor in the 

means he obtaint-d funds lo aid him in securing an education. Mr. Malick subsequently 
received instruction in thorough bass from Charles S. Nydegger, and also became llic 
author of some choice musical compositions, some of which were published. 

At the age of twenty, he r^pair«d to ScUnsgrove, where, for a time, he was nnder 
the tuition of Dr. J. C. Fisher. This was followed by a four years' ler.n of classical and 
soientilic iaslruelion in the Frecburg Academy, nnder tlie ciEcient care of Professor 
Jacob S. Whitman, who w;ls subsequently Professor of the Sciences in Ihe Slate Farm 

ind Ml 

pid of the Selinsgrove High-s 

After a short legal partnership with Colonel Simpson, Mr. Malick accepted a eo- 
neipalship in llic Frecburg Academy, wilh Revs. C. Z. Welser, ami J. K. Millelt, 

Early in 1858, he mnrried"MiBs Mary Ann Eoush, daughter of Andrew Roiish, "f 


pmtlisi! of hU professiun, iIiiriiiK "liirli 
whidi invoivecl some of tlie Jlnltie M.i i 

u lio lias since been engaged hi ttic 

stinlime ns Deputy Protlionolarj-. In Mar 

'-""'>■'" '"- ! i' '-iHm-gtssofS>.nl.i.rv,nniI,.-ittl.CK.imcti>uc,.oU,c 

'■";■""""'■'■ I- ■'lne«-mcinl,o^. Will, Ihis event. (Inwn«U ncv 

Under ll.c efficient ,««ti„n of li.e Chief Ui.tsess, snpporlccl by u conncil of 

l'i'.'-r:i,.I,Ic;i[ sketch is a nniivc of Getlyshiirg, Pennsylvnnin 

Eliaibclh ClLritii.inii. wlio w:l^ born in 
IIi« griuidfjillier. Kinnn.icl ZiC[;lrr, I 

II park of liMiiiy. -l-l,,. knri' »a4 cro.'led bv George Uol.rl 
ihoLiKiinJ Iw,. liMn<l,x,i d,}]hr^, nu^ is a credit to tlic Siinbiir 

beiira the following inscription: 
Projector, H. R. Mii'^-^or;' 

IS graded its whole length ; Seconil street, over ii 
streets, nnd .. ,H,rtior. of Front. Varions ponds 

in tbecni.rl house t,m-.r. A plate on the s.-.u,c 

Con.inittec-\Vn.. L. Dcuarl, Wm. H. Miller. 

^I. The Suub«ry Ga^dU thus supported him: 

From Gellysbnrg, Mr. Ziegler repaired to Butler, Pennsylvania, where lie wa 
emiiloyetl for i.bonl iliree yca« in the printing ostnhlishment of his brother, .Tncol 

(•',- uoiiiinaiinu for PrcHident Judge for North uiidierlund 
:, anil carried the itiunty by two hundred and sixly^nc 

3. lie is the ))ostliumoiis son of Thornton Clement 
old, his mother locale«l in Northumberland County; 



IKY r 

F N 

T R T H V Jt R E 



P E N N S 






r:::!':;:;;:' ;:;!:;; 

V Tl, 

rly-lir" IVm""' 


Tt^l: ::;:;:"": 

,''";'„i,'J''i„,|™'", ™| 

111 JlilV 

■liiml Cmi 
For ma: 

liiplu, however, l,e «■.>. siii:l,ily wniuul 
, rHnu-i,l.lte Cot.rl llniLsc, ft>, Side 

In polilRvi, Mr. Cleiiienl was formerly an old line, but w now a Kqiiiblicui 

A. N. BltrCE, Esq. 
Before enlering upon a skelcli of Oie life of this gentletn.m,we iviil brieJiy noliw 1: 

His paternal gmnel-parenls were natives of Ireland, antl iiiiniignited to Hiik count 
about the Ijoginning of the present centiirj-. Tliey rtsidwl, for ii wliile, in Washingti 
Citj-, D. C, but subsequently removwl to Sonthwark, Piiilndelpliiu. 

Upon llic breaking out of the war of 1812, the fnlbcr, Thomas Briee, and gmn. 
father of the subject of iliis notice, entered the service of his adopted counlri' and w. 

His widow, then left with five small children, engaged as nnrae and do<:lre^ in :i 

city. Slie gained a line reputation as a fen.^ile phyj^Jctan, was very enicient in lier (.r 

irith Great Britain, and was wounded in the same. 

By him she liad three sons and two daughters, one of each now deceased. Tlic tlir. 
sons became mcmbere of llie medical profession, in Philadelpliin. The snrvivir 
daughter is married, and also resides in Philadelphia, Bolli parents lived to an advanct 
age, and died some fifteen ycare since. 

and a daughter. 

After the c) 

mercantile busiii 

elected Justice of the Peace, and re-elected in '18 
has held, may be mentioned that of Overeecr of 
T of the Town Council. 
;ion Day. Mr. Brice delivered an oration, civinR 

cost of months of lime and labor. The minuteness of its detail rendered it ven- valuable, 
and it vvill be foimd, in subst:uice, in the foregoing Hislorv of Norihimiberlanil County 

The orarion doses with the following beautiful tr b e 

" And now we go forth in the performance of the solcn n d of tl e da Tl o gl t 
fully let us move among the mounds of the dead. Tl 1 u nl les of tl ise n en ere 

of music. Wc will some day rest with them, and the xtun 1 I I d 11 

be left to our children and to slraneets. In the Inn-'nage o 1 t, L -oln a I 
stood by the dead on the field of Gettysburg: "It s for s b 1 e e d 1 1 I 

resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain tl a tl u I bod t,l al 

have II new birth of freedom, and that government of tl c p o\ le b the p opie n 1 for 
the people, shall not perish from the e-Trth." 

Squire Brice is a gentleman of gonial and obliging n n ers nd o o ker 
and public spirited citizen. In politics lie i.t a Eepi bl c nd tl e C 1 a r a of tl e 
Republican County Committee. 


Citherof A. N. Bricc,wa8borninWashinglonCily, D. C, in theyear 1808. 

Under the then dormant and backward condition of popular education, his acquir 
nienls, in this direction, wore obtained principally at odd intervals and al night-schoo: 
At an early age he was bound outby bis mother to Icuni, [he shoemaker's trade, at wliii 

Inspired, however, by a restless desire to travel, after finishing his trarle, he U 


billows tif the Atlantic, arrived at Philadelphia, 

™ soTis and six danghlen^, one of each now dt;- 

he breaking out of the late Civil war, Mr. Kohrbaeh enlisted in the three 
■ice, in Cou.pany F, of the Eleventh Pcimsylvania Volunteer Infantry, under 
d of Captain Charies J. Bnmer, of S.mbury. 

iiision-ini MlllIIl^^.)I,L\^D(l)I^li pinn^il\\m\ 

Oni(.e of the &o\emmcnl il ThrnsbiiiK utuUr Uil . u 1 
Unik.l bt lies \um "hcK bo ruruiin. rl !..r ii|m iril- , f l« 



n":!:!' I .' 

''.i'".iV':',r V'" '"' ',::r:"!'V 

RockLfdkr, uhiLb inmt,! t .ir i „ I f i 

"';""„;;■ ', 


..'.'".'i' .. II ,11 ", Ll'',,'; 

Upontbi III 11 1 



1 1 bml street, above the depot, whieh i- known 

the olhce uf 1*1 .th .nm >n m 1 M rl Ml ( 

On the 21flt ofDicembcr, lSt(, M 111 1 
of tiirce 8011S, Hit dda,l no« .leconsci 


Trfgi^hture in. 

De^,Tin„er flLs brnught for« ird Tsncindihte fir norniii ,ntli.n t«o vote of -^curing s-nd nominition, vUueli 
re^-nrded as nbont cqu.v-ilei.t to an ekclion 
r DeKsintrcr erected his present benutifiil residence on Cli 
1 of convenience and licautv 

ns Treis 

He i^ns born iii SdiHellei^Iott n, L.b.non C mnt- i , 
[he joiineest f-oa in i f imiij of eleven (,liiklroii—tii,bi ii i 
Dct^mger iinti Cnthaune Connor, b itli nilnu^ nl l'pnns\h in 

thur children but ^Lr\ me yrc opportiinilie-, lur iieijinnuf. 

nukf.r „ 



lliis respect enjojed b\ the sulijeet of thi> skcicli 

Wl.en ibout eleven veareof ige-itubidi (nne bts i 


10 iirn lieges in 


hired out for four v en:i, lo the stone < ii 

1 .,!„, 


Ilk of rair 

nt l>es.Mn;.er, in 
H-iks m»li.cli 


lliev -eeui lo Imve emigrated from Hie '^l ile of Now I 

ri^Lner^t^c TalfrTrer^u ud "\l^ 



«h,^e wife «n^ 

wiiLmi snipjLv^' 

enemj' on the iiivt d lv ^ hKht, m.l «ere in ^i i ,h,u,, 

li. 1 Imliiir. 

t .limniic Cinipboll, hilli ol Mi^.ex, no« W.rrui l,«i,h T 

jnd, losing no time, kd the flight, ind iiC night, irrued sii 
than a regiment of men 

For tins gallimt md niei iloriou'! c\p!oil, Liciiten int Dc 



Sliipui in liitd L 


sonsLinding J£r Def-singer on ULconnt ifsnkne-. « e-. 1 ik 
iiigton, ind three iieeks pii&smg uithniit niueU i^ro^rf^s law i 




''T^kirii'il! '"IV '",,,!' . 1 .' ' 11 





,",M 1, l,',V"'|, i" .1^1 ."' ,'" ," ,'„ S„ 

'■"-"' M" ""' '■ ' ' ^ ■ " 

, n „, , 

^^^^^^ ,J , , , , 

On the 21tli of September, ISdj, lie e imo to Snnbui \ 
shop in the place. 



.',''pc.,",l'!I,', "ii '.,'",'. , , ' 


l^hlT of II L T 

\, "|',|,',''i,' ',"",' 1 ,„,! 

■ilore, mid Me■«ll^ Ue^siiiter uid ( lenunt ■•lill e iilinne 




;:^,::;S::i:T£i;:;: .:''■" 


s for Iwcomliig wealiliy Iinve been vor 

Tlii3genllemimisllccH I h'H f Vbnl SI" m 

itioii, and a very induslrii 

In April, 187^, he moved lo Siinbiiry, nnd nou- owns and optupics llic laic residenpc 
of Ilic Hon. Tnintnn IL Punly. 

I., til.- Aiifnnm nf ISTii, I,., wns re-non,inalcl on li.e DoniocmCic Hcktl, for liis pnsent 
.-iiiiiy ..Mi,-.., u,ii,:iiiuri ivliich is rcgnnlcd iis nlniast aiiiivalcnt lo nn election. Oitt 
"'"'"■ ' ''"' ""' i"-,'lv.UleKii((s, he received one linndrci! and lliree votes on Ihe firat 

.Mr. Sliipiiinii i«)ssisjses eiiergy and aelivity, is firm in Iiin eoiivji-lion.s, nnd very 
pcreevering in his nnderlakings. As mi ollieer, lie is faiiliful in duly, unci as a citizen, 
iioeiiil nnil popidnr. 

inord, sasli, belt, and revolver, bearing tlie folk 

2b Licul. L. . 
Upon liie reception of wliicli, Mr. Shipnia 

And, when 
'c<l to pciiec 

,1 i.r..-|.>riiy, :,„<] iie slii.ll liuvv l".-tii disbanded, nnd relnrned lo oiir lioini 
iblenis will be to me a pricekss memento, not only of ibe slrneglcs through h 
vc passed, Lul also of the patriolism nnd valor of the noble men of this compo 
Upon tlio illness of llie Captain, in the Kirly part of 18C5, the comman. 

fall of RicIiaiODd. 

After llic cnptnre of JeO: Piii 

nof |] 

prisoners nwwnipnnied Davis— PI,.. hktU C. (.■h,y, Jr., ..t Jl.mi-vilU, Ah.-, iiri.l .I„hn 
Mildiell, Ihe Irish patrioU 

Mr. Shipmnn also delivered lo Mr. Davis lus firat ralioiLv in Iiis prison. Tliey eon- 
sisled of broad and coflce. Sir. Sliipninn was in the service for upwards of lhre<; yeatv. 

In making up the eompany-H roUs, he was assbled by Dr. F. M. Thomas, of Ml. 

fiervieo in Pl.iladelphia, November Ulli, IHG5; and, after liis return lo Im lionie, in 


>nd bit 

In 8 D ra 

Sheriff of tliis County, which position he is fillins irilli ability. 
this office by his son, Mclanellion Sirine, ^s IVpLity-sberiff.- 

Though, bimsclf, deprived of any more extended advantages 
nflbr<ied by the early common schools of the County, Mr. Strin" 1 

Board of Edncilion, and «,nlributed not a little to ihe adv.-ineon 
inleresls in ihat place. For some UiiHy-live year., both he and h 

rcsjionsible, official iiosilions, among them, ilinl of deacon and eh 


He is n gentleman of pleasant address, liberal vicivs, and of , 
and is held in high esteem, bolb in the church and community. 

His first Deputy is 

He is also assisted in 

J. HAMJiOKD Mccormick, 

10 is a grandson of Selb McCormiefc, one of the firet seltlere of Lycoming Countv Pn. 

and a great malcmal grandson of Mattli 
lutiou of this Conimonwealtb. 

He was bom in Lycoming County 

and her fiimily. The 
for .some forty years, o 


f l,i. „„., 


1870 l,„ , 

ndi, filling 11,0 ,108 

lion with 

Ilcta.wifc, fi 


ary 3d, 1811. At the age of eleven, he 
lily of live children, was compelled, not 
le to the support of his ividowed mother, 
Mipplied ;ill hLs privileges for learning. 
.■irntT^-.maker's Irade, which he foHowe<l 
if.irlable eompelence. 

tepiity-sberiff of Northunibcrla 
^e lo himself nnd lo the public, 
nd resides in Millon. 


ie.x, gladly embnued iin ojjportnni 
s to be supiMJsed, however, that iv 
Jreamed that «lie ,/-,» U.ichiiui a il 




of the siilijea 

r this skeic 

. conrafn. 


Hi, rarlv «1,i 


< the 



r (lie illii 

riniH sinie<:mmi. Mr. Snyder was 

HoiH„.i-..,l, l,„„. 

nils ..r ti-n tliihircii of OforgC A. 


: :■ «,.,.. pLd 

.11,1,,. I„ , , 


■li'ii l>i?gimlo 

thertr,,ri. :■ i . 11 


«1 no. 

amvcil ot «n 

ngc wi.en 

le fell ma 

I keenly Ihe need of un education. 

Idl oir sUi.lvinB, 01 



,"l"i!',', !:„":, 

■Jth great d 

ligcncc bu 
and, ivl.ile 

Ill iniindoutofscliooh Frequently 
superintending tlie running of llic 
iiiwociitles equnlly ns ignorant as 
used lo mnke no lillle snort. 

■ few b™.,|„» io «.| 





:£";:'' ' 

Mr. Snyder had sfrved as n delegate of ilie Dernoer 

mmings inis compellwl lo borrow .in,ney U 
Inre wortio oil" tUnn notliing. Tliis. iiuweve 

\m home in .Middk'bi 


dioice of tlie company, yd, owing to i>oliliL-ul inlUiUKi.^, lie yielded llie honor lo George 
W. Rynn, of Snyder County, who oblaine.l the i^osiiion. Mr. Snyder was iben elected 
lieutenant of tlie eoinpiiny. Unfriendly political iulluences, however, were still brought 
to bear against him, and lie resigned his poaition at Hngeralo4ni, Maryliiml, and returned 


jHor, Dr. Ard, of Lewislown, which arnuigenient continued three years. 



In the Fall oflSTa. Mr. Snyder was elected by the Deniocra tic party of Northmnbcr- 
nil County ;ia Reprt^uiilative in tlie Loiver House of the Pennsylvania Legi.sluture. 

Mr. Snyder i-s a iimu of plain, unassuming inanueK, but of verj- genial nature, and 
■ his gentlemanly bearing has made friends of many who differ from liim on political 

On April 24tli, 18(i2, he wua married to MIks Harriet Smith, daughter of Henry A. 
iiilh, of Middleburg, Snyder County, Penneylvania. To the frugality and other noble 
lalities of this estimable lady, he is indebted in no small measure for his various 

In this way he siru^letl, and with an cncrgj- worthy the imitation of llie promlwt 
intellccl, until lie competed w-ith success, side by side, wilh his preceptor, Dr. Ani, and 
Drs. Culbertson, World, Hoover, and Vanvalzahj aiid in a verj- short time made a good 
living, and paid his debts. 

On February 20lh, 1843, he married Miss Louisa E., daughter of Peter Richler, BSq., 
of Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. Tliis union has been honored with two sons and tivo 
daughtors-the former deceased, the latter of whom have n.rc-ivi-,1 a good educalion. 
Tiie older, Liziie K., graduated at Oakland Female Insliiui.., ,ir Xorri^ioirn, near Pldla- 
delphin; the yoimger, ■Nellie M., at the University Female Insliiulc, al Lewisburg, June 
27tli, lS7li. 

In 1852, Dr. Cummings moved lo Selinsgn 
olliee and practice in Lcwbloivn lo his hn^ther, 
Jeflcraon Medical CoIl<^, Pliihiilc!|jbi;i, Wlii 


The subject of this biographical sketcli is a son of John Cuinmings and C 



had exhausted his own skill, he went to Philodelpliio, to consult aod get the ttpiniona 
and prescripaons of aU the most eminent authors upon the science of medicine, and more 
particularly of that bmneh relating to hepatization and enlnisement of the liver, the 
r^ult, as it turned out to be in the c^ of Dr. Cummings, of a very violent and pmlnniled 
attack of eoneeslive fever. 

d by all the scienl 

y relief, ho 

ihed for hinisclf, a 

and elsewhere, am 

fell back upon the re«)urce8 of hi.s on-n skill, am 

use of the Bedford wafc/^ii place he visited ft 

day to this, any one, to see him now, would conclude that li 

in hb life. To thb an,l traveling through all the Western , „„„ ..,..„„«, „ou. 

1856 to the breaking out of our late Civil War in 1881, Dr. Ctimmings attribulea his 

After the recovery ami enjoyment of his good health for a few yeat^ he again 
resumed the responsibilitie. and arduous duties of hw profession, and continued in i( 

locaiwl in Cuke's Addition to Siiubun-. and in XovemlK;r following moved to that place! 

After organization and several meetings of the Board of Directors, and di^vering 

the irregularity with whieli he conceived the business of the bai.fc was proposed to be 

transacted, Dr. Cummings reigned, and came to Sunbun- and took a place in the front 

rank of the medical profession in thai lowu. In Febninr)-, 1875, with great reluclanea 

on his part, but hy the ijcrsiia-iion of bis friend-- ii im 1.....11..I ,„r^.<;.,^ ^r .1 u j r 
f • .'1 '-"'u. KIM ui Ills iritna-, m an iinnual meeting of the Board of 

re o Lc ..nn tury 1' ire liiKur:ini-e fi.nipauv, allniixil biinself to be elected presi- 
? insolvent, and as our State Insurance 

Hon. A. Jordan, th 
In the late wai 

ThLs skeldi of 
umbcrlnnd County 

d ihi) 


connected with ibc Pre 
ings is presented to the 
1, fnr industn-, self-reli 

a Building and Loan Association, which was incorporated i 

For a period of sis years likewise, he served as Clerk of 

a Director, and the Se 
the borough of Sunbu . 

In politics, Jfr. Shipmnn is a Republican, and, in religious views, n Lutheran. Foi 
a number of years he lias been Sunday-school Librarian, and to liis active and efficieni 
interest, is largely due the excellent system of library management in that school. 

and high-toned integrity, moreover, jiave rendered him a very useful and liighly- 

;e broke and he fell through 


The subject of this notic* w,ls bom in Korth umber) and County, Julv 27ih, 1833. 
IS piu-enis were Johu E. S],i,.,m,u and Kedah Eeeder. His grandfather, Jat^b Ship- 
m, enugrnled from Neiv Juivc-v, and settled in Uiis ^'ouniy at a very early date. His 

nee hy many whose cha; 

ililis]iment.«f great good. 

II llie Spring of 1858, he left this 
where, on llie tenth of the following Dee 

c M;tl 

the art of telegraphy, and was siibscfiuenily employed for about two years in the Mi] 
ofBce of the Calawissa Bailroad, as i«aislant agent and operator. 

In JIarch, 1659, he came to Sunhurj- as clerk and operator, in the ticket office of 
Korthom Central Railway. In 1868, he was appointed joint Ticket Agent at thU pli 
of the Philadetplua and Erie and Northern Central Railwuii,, and still occupies tlie p 
tion, being one of the uk^I reliable agents on the line. 

About 18li.5, he also served for about a year, aa clerk in what is now the F 
National Bank, of Sunburj-. 

In the Autumn of 18G.5, he began the bnsine&j of Life Insurance, to which, in 
following Summer, be added that of Fire Insurance. Under his enterprising roam 
ment, the biwiness of both of tbise departments has grown to handsome proportions. 

On September Isl, 1857, Mr. Sliipman was married to Mies Catharine R., daugl 
of John S. and Julia Petermun, of Milton. He lias hud four eons and as many duught 
of whom two of each have died. 

For upwards of eight years, he was a Director of the "Simbury Mutual Suvi 
Fund and Building Association," which started business in September, 18G7. 

H B 1 g 


insb gra fj E ess H j ed h d 

eidmcore Hfin ralble*] 

ind close application, have placed him in the front rank 

coupled with hii 
of tlio profession 

On Oclober 5th, 1860, he was admitted lo practice in the Supreme Court of the Com- 
monwealdi; and shortly afterwards in the District and Circuit Courts of the United 
States, of the Eastern and Western Districts of Pennsvlvania. 

DR. R. H. AWL. 
iman has been a member of the medical profession for a period of nearly 

Awl, Esq., and JIary JIaclay, who had a family of live sols and five 


bom in Dnuphin County, in 1773, and Jictl in Upper Augiistn, in 1842, ol tlie nge of 
sixty-«ight. He was, for many years. Justice of the Pence of old Augiisla township, and 
nlEo filled some coun^- offices. 

His wife was llie dQughler of V,'m. Maday, wlio was the firet Begistcr and Recorder 
and Clerk of llie Orpluins' Court for Northumberland County. He waa an old surveyor, 
and was extensively engaged in that work in the Slate at a very early day. From 1789 
to 1791, he was also United States Senator from Pennsylvania, and his brother, Samuel 
Maclay, occupied the same position from 1803 to 1803. He had previously, in 1794, 

Tlie Maclay family «-ero of Irish exlraetion ; and at an early day, in that country, 

by his firet wife, had three sons— Oiecti, CAar/«, and Henry— M officere in King Janies, 
Army before the battle of the Boyne, in which engagement Henry was killed. 

The second wife of Charles. Sr., was « Scotch lady, by the name of Hawthorn, by 
whom he had a son, 

who also became the father of three children— CAoWm, John, and a daughter. 

The sons einigraied to the United States, and settled near Shippcnsburg, Franklin 
County, Pa., where they both died, Charles leaving five children— Joftii, Il'i/iiam, Charles, 
Samid. anti Eleanor. 

The second son, William Maday, wiis, as before stated, the muternal grandfather 
of Dr. E. H. Awl. -William Maday's wife, or the maternal grandmother of Dr. Awl, 
was Mary Harris, a daughter of John Harris, Jr., who a.ssisled in laying out the city of 

loveliest women of her day. It may hero be added, that a sister of t!>is John Harris, 
(daughter of John Harris, Sr., an English immigrant, in ihe settlement of WilUom 
Penn, and Assistant Sun'cyor, in the laying out of the city of Philadelphia,) became 
the wife of Dr. William Plunket, a high-toned gentleman of the old school, and a near 
relative of W. C. Phinkoi, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. Previous to the removal 
of the Pennsylvania Capitol from Lancaster to Harrisburg, John Harris, Jr., donated to 
the Commonwealth four acres of the plot of ground on which is now located tlie State 

The name, moreover, of John Harris, Sr., has passed into history, as tlint of 
the one who emancipated the first slave on the American Continent. - This was done as a . 

Indians. This occurred at Harrisburg, in 1720, and the name of the slave was Hercules. 

Dr. P. H. Aivl's privileges in the educational line were simply those of the early-day 
common school. He read inedicine under the instruction of Dr. John \V. Peal, of Sim- 
burj-, and attended lectures in thePcnnsylvaniii Medical College, in Philadelphia, from 
which institution he graduated in the S|)ring of 1842. He began i)ractice in Gr.uztown, 
Dauphin County, Pa., spending some two years there, and about the same time in Halifax. 

He then removed to Oliio, and localeil in Columbus, but was soon apjiointcd assistant 
physician in the Ohio Lunatic Aiiylum, in that city, which position he occupied for nearly 

In the Spring of 1849, he returned to Sunhury, which has since been iiis residence. 
In the years 18G4 and 1805, he served ihc people of Norlhuraberiand, in the eapaclty of 
County Treasurer. 

The Doctor has enjoyed a long and successful practice, and is the oldest phj-^ci an in 
the borough. For a number of years past his more active practice has been interrupted 
by feeble health, very greatly to the regret of his numerous patrons. 

Di'. Awl is a gentleman of pleasing address, fine social qualities and strong convic- 

of Sunbury. 

Dr. Awl's oldest brother. Dr. William M. Awl, has been for many years a, very 
prominent physician in Ohio. He was the founder, and, for nearly twenty years, the 
Superintendent of the Stale Lunatic Asylum, at Columbus. He was also the first Presi- 
dent of the United Slates Medical- Society for the Treatment of the Insane. He is now 


the United States. In hia whole life work, the Doctor has been agenuine PhilauUiropiat. 

Dr. Awl is also the author of a "Chronological Chart," with tables, showing the 

genealogy of tlie race, and the ages of the prominent Bible eharaetcrs from Adam to 

use of Sunday-schools and Bible students. It is accomiMinied by an explanatory key, 


The present editor and proprietor of the Sunbury American was bom in Dauphin 
County. Pensnylvnnia, Mareh 24th, 1830. His boyhood up to the age of fifteen was passed 
upon a. farm. In the Spring of 18-14, the family came to Sunbury, and on August 15th, 
1845, he entered, as an apprentlee, the office of the ^lmm'«in, then conducted by Messrs. 
H. B. Uasser and Joseph Eiseley, where he served for a period of five years and sii 

Afler a year or more spent in the book office of Mesare. King & Biurd, of Philadel- 
phia, in 18-51 ho became foreman in the office of the PolUvUk. Emporium, conducted by 
Hon. S.N. Pabuer, where he remained till the Fall of 18-52. He mil»sequcnt!y entered a 
corps of dvil engineers on the Northern Central Riulway under Hon. Kimber Cleaver, 
and remained with lliem till the road ivas completed, and was then employed for a year- 
and-o-half as brakesman on a coal train. Ho soon afterwards was appointed foreman in 
the office of the Sunbury Ameriean. 

On the 24lh of September, 18(54, he became a partner with Mr. Jtasser in the estab- 
lishment, and upon the retirement of Mr. Masser on January Isl, 1869, Mr. Wilvert ■ 

lishnicnt by Ihe addition of Btonm and iMwer-pressen, and other inqwrtant materials. 

Since Mr. Wilvert assumed charge of the AmMcin, he Inus been an earnest, active. 
Republican politiciim. For nine succcsive yeare he held the jiosition of Chairman of 
the Kepubliciin County Convention. He is a gentleman of genial and obliging spirit. 

Not even the oft-repeated tlireals of a.'^sassinaUon at the hands of Ihc '- Mollie Maguires" 
could deter lilrn from waging a long and relentless war upon that infamous argaaiEalion. 
The influence of the American in this direction was materially felt tliroughout this 
County, and, by the copying of its articles into other papers, in many of the adjoining 

M a political journal it has had not a little to do in the reduction, from time to time, 
of the Democratic majorities in Northumberland County, as may be instanced in the cam- 
paign of 1871, when Judge Rockefeller was elected on the Republican ticket by upwards 
of fifteen hundred majority. 

As an illustmtion of Mr. Wilvort's genuine Republican grit, it may be mentioned 
that, in the summer of 1863, he discharged the only compositor in his office for rcftising 
to place the name of Lincoln at the head of the columns of the Amerikaner, of which Mr. 
Wilvert was at the time tlie foreman. This determined stand won lum great favor from 
all loyal citizens. 

Mr. Wilvort's public spirit and enterprise havQ placed him in prominent connection 
ivilh all the public improvements of Sunbury smcc he entered upon active life. 


The subject of thb notice is the editor and proprietor of the Nbrlhumleriand 
Counly Deinocral. He was bom in Lebanon, Pa., November lllh, 1836, and was cdn- 
catcd at Lancaster. Prom 1854 to 1838, he served an apprenticeship to the printer's 
trade, in Mifllintown and Lewisburg, and was employed us foreman in the printing ollices 
in Lancaster citj-, from the latter date to the year 1865, when he took charge of the Lcuf- 
isburg (Pa.) A<-y„s, dianging its name to ■'Jounud." After a brief e<lilorship there, ha 
was called to the editorial diair of the PoltsviUr Sioiulard, which was under the proprie- 
torship of Messni. Barclay Br.illiers. About a year hiler, Jlr. T. H. Purdy, the proprie- 
tor Of the Iforlhumbcrlamt a„„i.j Ikmon-nt. wxoh- U, Mr. Eichhollz, (the tatter having 
served Jlr. Purdy for some time, while h.- w.l-; utliiin;,- tl,^ L,,ri,b^ri, Arg,^ afore^iid,) 
and offered him the Iia»->e,nl. Mr. Eidiholt?. accepied, purdiawnl the Democrat, and has 
since presided over its eolumnn. He ha:^ had several partners during his residence in 
Suubuiy-, but is now the sole proprietor of the establishment. He has had various "uip 
and downs," fiuandally and othenvLse, but his uudring energy and i«Kcverance have 
carried liim victoriously through all UilHcultics, and to-day he is a permanent insliturion 
in Sunbury. He has made the Democrat a power in the County, and edits it with a 
sharp and vigoroiLs pen. He is also the proprietor of the Sanbury Daily, the only daily 
paper in the Countj-. 

Mr. Eidiholtz b a gentleoiaii of fine social qualities, very positive in his convie- 
tions, and ranks among the leading editors in northern Pennsylvania. 


Tlio subject of this notice is a dtsccndant of Peter Pursel, a native of New Jersey 
uid who, at a very early day, came to PeniLsylvauia, and settled in Columbia County, 
md in 1824, removed to Northumberland County, and settled on Bird's Island, lit the 
unction of the north and west brandies of tlie Sus«iuehanna River. There was but one 


lioiise oil Ihe inliin<l, ami iliis Ut. Piirsel occupiyd f«r a time, Inil subsequently settled on 
«liii( iviis Hicn knoii-n iis llie Miiclay M\U pTOi)erty, coal of llie Uoroiigli or Siiiiliun-, noiv 
ounicd by John S. Haas. 

The old genlleninn wiis well and favorably knr»™ th rough out the Connly, and 
reared a fiiniily of lirelve cliildrcn, of whom Ihe stibjecl of this skelcli was tlie fourth son 

Thomas M. PiircI wns l>om on Bird's Island, September llth; 1825. 

When an iufnnl of between three luid four ycare of age, he was initialed into public 
service in this wise: His father had a coniracl for the eonslruclion of a section of the 
JTorlh Branch Canal, above Korthumbcrbnd, whicli ran ihrougli ivlinl was knon-n as the 
old Nurse Farm, and young Puf^cl— then at the age jusi nnmed— was employed as 
"Jiffgcr JloKM." ihc duly of which position was to curry the whisky to the men engaged 

ige, develojicU tliwc elements of iboughlfulness and 
Ml him lis a Uisiue^^ mim. When a young man lie 
as Ciipiain of a l.oal ou the Pennsylvania Canal. 

■S-piire Piirecl is one of those plain-spoken, solid men, who form the valued imHion 

Other membere of tlib family have also been proniinenlly connected with tlie affaire 
of the County. John P. Purgel, brother of the subject of this notice, was "Hegister nnd 
Recorder and Clerk of the Orphans' Conri," for a period of sis years, and was succeeded 
by nnolhcr brother, C. Boyd Pursel, who served three yeais. The latter died at the ex- 
piration of his term. 

Mni. Durham aii.l 
horseback, with a 
nmberland. One 

other 10 be ilenii. 

Uk.n [,ri>o3K-r by ijic Indian.^, nnd carried to Canada, 
irs, I.UI at the close of the war was exchanged and reinmed 

rl-M III \i.L- l,.,nj in Northumberland County, Pa., KovemberSOlli, 
V II- "1 lii- lilL- were spent npon a farm. He then learned the 

vla-re he remained llll the Summer of 187C, when he removed to 
; residence. 
he married Miss Margaret, daughter of James Lowiy, of tliis 

Out of a family of four sons and two daughtets, one daughter died in infancy, and 
the eldest son, Jamea h. Durham, enlisted in company B, One Hundred and ThirtyfirBt 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, was wounded at the Ui^t battle before Fredericksburg, 
December 12th, 1602, and died in the Georgetown College Hospital, on tlie aist of the 



if the present Commissioners of Norlhumberhind County. 
He was bom in Shamokin township, January 2{ltli, 1832. When he was only five yeare 
of age, his mother was left a widow with a family of six children to care for. Just Ijcfove 
his dealli, her husband had puri'l.a.'.ed a little farm, upon which, at the lime of his de- 
cease, rested a eonsiderahle debt. At (hat time the law was less merciful in its protec- 
tion of the widow than now, and Mr-. Henrie wiLi compiled to part with all her 

^ult of his ot<,-n determined e 

On Janicivy I'Ah, IS07, Ik- j,i:i,n._.. Mi... .M.: ^ J.u.. Lird, daughter of Ziba Bird, of 
Montour County, Pa., and lias had a laiuily of live mjus and four daughtets, two of the 
former nnd one of the klter, deceased. 

For a limr-, Mr. H.iiric w^ls .■n;..:ig,d in th.^ fjrocery business, In Shamokin, but dis- 

Mr. II.'L.ric i.- -.1 MM of jiraciical common sense, clear in his judgment, conservative 
in his views, and popular in bis Coimty, as may be inferred from the fact that in both of 
his elections for Coumii.'eioner, he received a larger vole than any other candidate Ireforc 

In iwlitics, Mr. Henrie is a Democrat; in religious views, a Methodist. 

Jlr. Reilz was born m Northumberland County, Pa., October 18th, I8-tO. He is the 
imgest son of Jonathan Reitu, also a native of this County, who is now in the seventy- 

s Con. 

Fur a number of years he was engaged in the mercantile business, at Dornsife 
Station, ni which place he was also post-master for some seven yeare. After leaving the 

brother, Henry Beiiz, as a parlncr, who Hubseqiienlly became sole owner of the establiBh- 

In the 




n-oH to Kiish lott-nship, Nortliunibcrlimd Oounty, 

At the time of her dcalli, Mr. Beitz was in Suuburj-, ntlending lo llic duues of liis 

Jiusbnnd linslcned home lo pay lliG Inst sad iribiuc of dcvolion to nil that dcnili Imd left 
oflicr wlio wna llie solace of liis Eorro\Ts and ihc comfort of liis home. 

Her remiiius were tnken lo Raker's Slntion, on Tuesday evening, and the fimerdl 
took place on llie following Thursday, from the residence of licr fnlher. 

igation. lie continued ii 
1, and entered the coal busine^ at the i 

Mines, mining c 
Mines, and conlii 
Jlr. Dontv last al 

J. K. DA\'IS, .In. 

In 1369, heiVHs honored by his "Alma Maler" with the degree of "Master of Arts." 
From 1SG7 lo 1S73, Mr. DavLs was enlnisied with the management of ihe legal basiness 
of his preceptor, the Hon. John B. Packer, while the latter was a Eoprtsenlntive in 
Congress. In this [Kisilion, Jlr. Davis a«initted himself with cretlilnble etlieiency. 

In 1873, he visited Sonlh and Central America, with the e.NpeUilinu lo make exami- 

Mr. Diivis possesses legal a 
business tact. He is a man of i 
«leiucnl3 of n thorough gentlcnn 

of Donlv & IJaumgairdnc 

ih the Benjamin Franklin Colliery, under Uie firm 

,K ■ |m-i.iM-,ni,virii.,iiM— of Strong likes and dislikM, and i)cr 

l„u |...-..^-.l .1 Id, 1.1 h>:artHn(I an honest purpose. lie was do 

The five original ciUzens of SImniokin were, Ziba Bifl, Joseph Snyder, Dr. Robe 
Philiis, Jan.c-s I'orter, and Jatob Mowry. Mr. .Mowry, ilie k...l >mvivon>|- iliis ai.a.l,, 


oaring Creek, in Columbia Coiinly,on the 17th 

yenrelalerhcpnrehiJsedsomelandonGassHilL.iiL.I |..|.^ -I, '--, 
therethotarenowknoivnaslhe"PoorHonse l'r..|. i ■ ■ i 

as an execllenl citizen. lie was plain and simple in hi--i iiahil;-, ;m.l il 
tation, Ho was the last link of those who might be termed the piona 

This he executed by ii 


When Mr. Qcaver had hb health pnrtinlly restored, lie inuglit 
1 here no doubt, while pureuing this avocation, wliich lias l>een i 

nt for 

lie Middle Cw 

1 Field— Uif n 


road was put in 

to oiKration, 1 

He K 

IS gradually p 

■onioled from o 


tsville and bee 


ivil t'liginccring, and «-lien the first im- 
jroJLi-i of conHtriictii.g the Danville and 
;crwl the Coriw of Engineers as a peg 
tation in another until 1835, when he 
urk he Mnlin.ied until IS36, when he 
the Mt. Carlmn Railrond. From this 
n lalmre in this and SciiuylkiU County. 


ing this time he located a route for a r:iilrt)ad 
from Sliamokin to Potlsville, without inclined 
m 1844 to 1850 lie resided in PotlsviUc, ami <i 

r. n. : 


Cliicf Eiigincer at Trevorlon in locating i<n 
irhen that town emerged from a wilderness; and when Simniokin had lim.lly awnkene< 
from an intiihiis of yeare, he was appointed principal engineer of the Philadelphia i 
Sunburj' Railroad, of the collieries:, and of lateral roads. Here he labored faithfully foi 

In 1858, he was caUed to Schnylkil ICounly to ninke some aiin-eys in the mines a 
Glen Carbon. Being mucli exposed to dampness, and sometimes in water up to hii 
toecs. of on icy temperature, be contracted a sickness, of which he died on the 19th o: 
October, 1858, at Pottsville. 

Tlie nnnoiinceracnt of his death created a pangofeorrow throughout the communitj 
in whieli lie moved, and even in ividercirclea where his name had become familiar. Hit 
decease was kindly noticed in the public prints of the day, and the difTerent associa- 
tions with which he was connected passed resolutions, showing that they had lost more 
than an ordinary member. 

Having given a hasty outline of Mr. Cleaver's life, the skelcli will beconcluded ivitlj 
inventor, second as a politician, and lastly aa a man. 

view of hii 

Mr. Cleii 

tept hi. 

Mr. Cleaver invented a draughting 
The United States Government, apprec 
ufaclurer. W. J. Young, of Philadelph 

n.'itrument, known as Gemt^i Improved Protractor. 
iating the value of tliis instrument, kept the man- 
a, for some time employed in making them for 

eaver gave much study to thesubject of electricity, irilh the 
agent in the propagation of neira. He is entitled In ilie di 
irsl conceived and supgcsted the idea of a sub-marine loltgr 
of the apparatiLS, we are justified in the opinion, ihai he wf 

The following article from the 
omopolile, and published in a I 

vill all dislrusLs anil 

^hieh, of all materi:d a^ 

across the broad Atlanti. 
he will be sure to try it. 

number to the letters in 
Washington, to St. Jiunt 

ing, wluch iiould fonn a 

;nal leave it down, retaining one end on shore 
range the wires at both ends on a tabic, each - 
niewhat aller the litshtan of the keys of a piai 

k'ashington, and one in England, and 
pointing to a letter of the alphabet, 
■te, and so constructed, that when a 
ire at one end of this string, it will 
llie other end. Then, if any boiin- 

PotuvilU, Pi, 

Mr. Cleaver invented a 

of S 

uid; then, when be* 'strikes tlic lyre' in 
r, if a speech delivered in Congress is to be re] 

thunder of our Republican eloquence, and 'ea 
shore,' would be made vood witli the sjiouts o( 
Youw, Ac, 


liinc supply 

d hommciv, to take tlie place of rolls, in the preparation of coalj a cast-iron lock; 
Mr. Cleaver had contemplated publishing a small work on the "Geologj- of the Coal 
.\h a politiciiui, Mr. Cleaver did not belong to the modem class. He was no office- ' 

-, but I 

.\mencan party, which started in 1844, and 
> frequently nominated for office— spos it ions 
le never sought. In 18-52, his party nominated him for Governor; in 1853, for 
ir-General ; in 1854, he was the Araeriean candidate for Congress in the Eleventh 
; and in 185-5 he was nominated for Canal Commissioner. For each of these 
e received a highly complimcnlan,- vole. In 1856, his name was placed on the 

Fillmore electoral tickt 
In private life hew 

sally e 

Possessed of strict integrity, and habits 
trj-, he won the good o|)inioos of all. He was emphatically more than a common 
d Ids death left a void in social and scientific circles not easily filled. 



One important fca 

ure of the Illustrated IT 

tory of Norlhunib 

erland County, will be 

llie sketches of tlie liv 

s and services of the pron 

inent men, both d 

ad and living. Their 

lives and acts enter in 

D and form an essential p 

art of the history 

f their times. With- 

out tlic lessons to be <l 

rawnfrom their self-den 

al and patriotbin 

the past would bo hut 

an imperfect guide for 

he future. One of tlic 

lost notable men o 

Revolutionary limes 

was Daniel Brodlicod 

General Brodhead wm 

col a native of t 

Ls Count ■ d'd 1 

spend mocli of his tin 

while a soldier here; : 

ut the services rei 

dered by'l'iim wore !o 

conspicuously producti 

ve of goo(l to the people 

and his magnani 

loiat treatment of his 

), thai 


Jal in the ncconiplishment of the purposes of his campaign on 
ry fact and incident in tlie life of tliis truly great man is pub- 

In writing of tlie Hcvolutionary war, an author says: "The coiillict «as with the 
niuhawk iiud-nciilping knife. uniUid to the arm of scientific warfare; and to defend the 
untry against the ravages of such a war, required men of iron ncrec, determined willi 
id no ordinary character;" and that "the .hiU, bravery and cousiinmiate judgment of 
lie ofBcccs, and cxpcrienciJ frontier soldiere saved the West from tlie thabolicnl system 

Looking back to tliat pcrioti, one is forced to conclude, that it. actors, having achieved 
,tirc and glorious sueeei», were so contented n-itli their triumiih and linnov in ita en- 

ailed to g 

h thought. 

and be 

...onlyfumbh. Hence, the difficulty, nttlio end of a huridrtd yean, in fur. 
- '" "ling like • fair or just sketch of the live, of most of the meraben of the 

object, in view, and tliu. scintily supplied, what a little mons pcnonal ambition in sueh 
individnaU, would have given to their postedty i„ the shape of a perfect re<«,^. The 
foUoiving memoir, brielly prepared, of one of the men of much prominence in our early 
history, but llko met other, of that period, without any specially prepared biography, 



lo the protection of Miincy, nnd tlic region rounil ulwiit. 

In the Hiatoriciil Collections of Pennsylvania, by Day, pnge 452, it is sni.l: "Sliortly 
after the Big Rnnnivny (id* it was esllcil,) Colonel Brodhcad was ordered up ivilh a force 
of 100 or ISO men, lo rehuiUl Fort Jrnncy, and guard the settlein while gathering llieir 

I Pcnns 


of the Inhnbiiants of Muncy, dated June 10th, I77S. to the Hon. the Supreme Excculii 
Council of the Slate of Pennsylvania, which after staling their calamitous Hitualion pr 
«edB to say: "That uikm being inforn.ed of the n.elnncl.olv event of the 2(lth of Jut 
last, at Wyoming, the few militia which were slationwl at the lilll..- ..,m,K IhrongliMUl t! 
county, were called into the town of Sunbury, which bo much ;J.,ii„m1 rh- , ..i,n,, ^ , iL 

«very inliaUlant, without exception, were flying from the . !■ ■ j,, ..; ;■ 

formed (hat Colonel Brodjicnd, nt the hciid of ihe 8tii PemiM h ■: 

with General SI'Intoah on his matxrh to the wesiivar.l,aihi> own ,,, i ,, ■„.■,„■■ h; 

villi their fan 

t he has no order 

longsl tl 

head's Regiment, or some other Continental irooiw amongst them." 

Daniel Brodhcad, are all that we have been nhle to eollecl at the pre-ent 1 

named Daniel, a captain of Muskeleeii;, sent widi Colonel Nicolls, to 

chief command of the militia at Esopus (now KingHton,) in Ulster Counii 
son Eiver. He was marricit in England to Ann Tye, by whom he h' 
Eichard, his Ihirdson, had i son Daniel, who was horn in rK[,rr.„,T!iv 

)nniel Erodliead, 

look measures to raise forty-three hundred men apportioned to that province; made 

ment of n battalion of eight companies for Ihe Continental Her\-ieo, under Ckilonel John 
Bull, and fifteen hundred men for the defense of Ihe province, until January, 1778 
forming two battalions of Rinemcn, under Colonel Mills, and Lieutenant Colonels Ennioii 
■WiUianus and Daniel Bro<lh«id, and one balUiIion of Infantry under Colonel Samuel 
Atlcc.-(IIis. Col. p. 35, 3(i.) 

In 1770, he was in the battle of Long Island with bis Pennsylvania Eiflemen, in the 
report of which, it is stated, tliU rc^mcnt rendered distinguislied ser^-ice. 

During ilie Revolutionar>- war, a garrison was maintained in the Fort at PiltfibuiB. 
>vhich ser\-cd to guard not only the setllenieni, but was also ttse<I as a central post, from 
which olTcnsive expeditions muld be set to attack llie Indians on the northwest of the 

It has been stated, in the intro<lueton- portion of this article, that in 1778, he rebuilt 
and nccupied Fort Muncy, having been authorized by his General to do so, on his urgent 
bolicitation, and the favor with which he was received by the inhabitants is manifistcd 
by their memorial of June lOih, in that year. 

of the Western Department. 

I-Ie,\dquabters, Middle Bnooii, 5th Marcli, 1770. 

"Sib:— Brigadier General Mcintosh having requested from Congnss leave to retire 

from the command lo the westward, they have, by a resolve of Ihe 20th of Fehriiary, 

griinted his request, and directed me lo appoint an offia'r to succeed him. From my 

opinion of your abilities, your former aequmntancc with the back country, and the 

nd 1.5rb Fcbman- 1, 

id inquiries con(ainc<l 

-. I have directed the Com- 

ercd of inesli 

. It i, Ihe iieneil 

l»,i ini 

" f™l' - ' 

tbeemel. lire,, 

,e G.ner. 

December 25 



olliera, dcrcnc 

ing deaerled, froii 

«1." Tl 

th his sons and 
was probably not far from the mouth of the creek which hears his name, or it might have 
been near the site of Stroudshurg, One of the sons, who defended themselves so gal- 
lantly, was no doubt the same who was aflenvard.^ distinguished in the Revolution, and 
in the aubscquenl Indian wars as General Brodheud, He had command at Fort Pitt 
about the year 17S0; and previous to that, had charge of a garrison on the Weal Branch 
He was particularly distinguished for his inirepidity and success in heading small par 

On the 15th of July, 1774, a provincial meeting of Deputies, chosen by the several 
counties in Pennsylvania, was commenced in Philadelphia, Daniel Brodliead, being 
elected and representing the co.mly of Berks, he having removed to Reading. The six 

than to hasten a final separation from Great Britain. The last resolulion, instructed Iheir 
Eepresentalives in the ^Vssembly, "who are to meet next week," to appoint ■'membets to 

In 1775, on the lOlh of May, Congress proceeded to the organiwilion of an army, 
placing General Washington at its head. The Assembly of Pennsylvania, imiuedialely 

Pitt with the utmost expedition, as you will, nolwilhetandmg e'vety ciertion, find 
time which you have for the execution of the Business full short for its completion. 

it ob't and h'blo serv't, 

Fout Pitt, April 9th, 1779. 
ic Dclawares at a conference say: 

Of our ancestors, the good Tuen of our nation, we have noir handed you down the 
le, as we look upon you, lo be an upright man. You are henceforth called bv us Ihe 
tware nation, the Great SIoou, that is, in Delaware, Maghingua Kceshock Here- 

ions must be signed wiih vour present name Mnghingua Kee- 
ls will acI<]reKS you by iliat name. 
itgoodKingaofournution. Onoof-thenamesvouhaic Taime- 


IV being as one Mnii. And ii 

After llic rcccptitm uf ihiH title, all i 

"I nm mucli rcjoit^ lo licur from niv (ncmh nc Co^liockin^ 
lo (iike me l.v ti.e l.nnci nt Fort Pilt, niid yoii msiy exi>ecl a he: 
lliis spet-di (o iiir.iPNj vou iliHt wliai I told vou Iwfore is inie, 

" ISroihere, I wisli you may beslroiigon yoiirjouniey, iiml nmkenotlelny ou IlierooJ. 
I knowyimliuvcatTOil way lo travel and I send you this firing to wipe off yourswcal. 

errc<I toollier duties, and liis furthe 

d of July. 1779, Col. Urodhead cl 

■■Arlii-k-s of Agrterueiit and ConfcdGnHion mjide and entered into by Daniel Brod- 

UnitL-d SlaicH of North America, of ibe one p-.irt, and the Raven. C^liief ^Var^ior, and 
Sliawecskaw or Peeivect Bird, Ocliualatocli or Bed Parrot. Oolsoonncgli or v"" si>.v for 
nothing, Tockqiinskeck or Tarpin and Shawtillee, Cliicfe and Warriore of the Cherokee 

Theincnrsionsof thelndi 

hmik- iviis foiiBht, nnil Ilie Indians 

In Ahmn.'K Ameri.iin Kenienibranee, will be found the ollieial reiwrt of Brodlieiid's 
e^pedilinn ni, the Allegheny in 1771). 

An exiwdition was made above the Concwaiigo, and the Indians scattered, their 
cabins and corn burnt and destroyed. The Indians were thus (inieted for eoiiig time, but 
spies were kept out lo watch their motions and guard against sudden attacks, on the set- 
In 17H0, an expedition was i>et on foot lo procenl against and destroy the Indian 
towns on the Coshocton, a branch of the JHuskingum Eiver. Wheeling was the place 
of rendc^vons, and the eomniimd conferred upon Col. Uroflhead. As part of iLs opcra- 

onc of their towns, before the enemy were apprised ui ilnnr d^iuuir. Kvcry man, wo- 
man and child were made pri!^oner»,wiiImnt the tirinjicfu -ii„." Tli, [,n.-iKrs were 
taken to Fort Pitt and after some lime exehungwl for an L-.iiial mimW of c-..ptives held 
by the Indians. 

" About six mUcs below Wurren, near the mouth of Brokenelraw Creek, in Warren 
County, is the town of Complanter. On the ilats below the villiige, once stooii an India 

timt his "regular Irooiw would all lie needed to c 
from "Cun.p near Pa^aic Falls." "The smallne 

2nch Allies, and 

ed." ThislettcralBoalatea 
:iagiLin»t Detroit, and would 

ivc Council of 
ost all of the 

and civilian, creeled by his surviving descendants and 
and skittered throughout Pennsylvania and other Stales. 


many heroes of the Revohuionary limes, there are none who dese 
lly remembered by the people of the Susquehanna Valley, than lie 
: skeich. After the big runawiiy, the soltleis miuiifcsted great relu 

■ith a clear perL-eplion of the trials of ihe Irooj^ of the Revolution. 

Col. Hartley born in Berks Coiuily, Seplemher 7th, 17iS. He studied law, and 
smmeueed priielJte in York. At the breaking out of the war, he entered the army, and 
wn became distinguished. He was a member of Congress fnmi 178S lo ISOO, and held 
arious ollic-es within the Commonwealth. He died, December 2Ist, 1300, aged fifty-two 


There are few people living in Northumberland County, who have not heard of 
Judge Thomas Cooper, and something of his trial, before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 
sitting as a court of impeachment, for sundry oflenses, committed, or alleged to have been 
committed, against the dignity of the Commonwealth, while Judge of Northumberland 
Court, Some of those charges, as judged by the light afforded by the experience of the 
past fifteen or twenty yeare, appear exccidingly trivial, and lo^lay, with the rulings of a 
Busteed or DuranI before us, they would not be noticed, ilr. Cooper appeared well able 

fully. The various counts in the arraignment have been resurrected, and are bereipith 
published in full : 

Fit^t charge.— That he has in many instances fined, and even immured in prison, 

Second charge.— He has imprisoned a res|wetablc citizen, for wearing a hat in con- 
forniily lo a religion.^ habit. The much injured eitiiien, in this case, was John Hanna, 

Thitd charge.— He has, after passing sentence on a felon, from mere hcaisay, called 
him from prison, and pronounced a second seutejiee, increasing the penalty. 

which he was inteWMted in a pecuniary view. 

This ia elli;etually disposed of by Judge Cwper, whose stotemonla arc substantiated 
by William Montgomery, one of Ihe .Woeiaie Justices of the Court at that time. 

FiOli charge— He has set aside the verdict of a jurj-, in an intemperate and pas- 

the same cause, unless it corresponded with his opinion. 

Sixth charge.- He has freiiuenlly browbeaten counsel and ^^■itnel^es, to the great 
injury of parlies concerned. 


Seventh chnrge.— He lias nppcared id Coiirl, nnned willi weapons, calculaled 
(he peaceful d[izcn. 

Eighth chiirgc— He hna often refused to hear poraons in Ihdr own defense. 

Tenth charge.— He lias ficicd 

Dcess, which was issiiwl winlrnry lo tlie eonsiitution and la«-s of tlie coimtry, as afte 
irds detenained by the Sn].reMie Court of the Commonirenlfh. This ia the whoi 
Hind of oflendinj? on tlic part of Judge Cooper. It would prohahly be difficult lo fin 

ite with Judge Cooper, closes an nhle defense of his superior, in these words: 
^ "I .nnst say on the whole, that although so.nelimes one or more of the assistants ha^ 

the bar, he has left then, freelv to lake their exce 
of counsel, witness^, or parties, I do not recollec 

- of the 

In 1842, the family loailed in Simburj-, and young Boiimc found cmploymenl at hjs 
trade in the niachine-sliops of the Danville and Eeading Railroad Company, until 18.m 

shops of E. Y. Bright, and filled tlie position of foreman in the same, till 18.53.- From 
this time, nnlii 1857, he had charge of the .steamboat Susquehanna!, that plieil on the 
river, between Xorthuniherland and the Shumokin Dan>. He tliere became engineer 
tipon what ,vii. .hen known as the I'hihulelpbia and Sunl.ury liailtfad, between the lat- 
ter place auJ Jit- Carmcl. Uiton the completion of the Northern C*.-ntr^l Railwav, in 
1858, tie cngiiged with that company, and ran the firel passenger train between Willie- 
port and Lock Haven, and was retained on the same roail aPer it had passed into the 
hands of the Sunbury and Eric Company. In the Spring of 1803, he returned to the 
employ of the Northern Central Railway Ompaoy, and remained in the same until 1874. 
He won the reputation of being one of the most reliable and safest enginccta on the line, 
and tinriiig an experience of some twenty years as engineer, there occurred no serioas 

In JIarcli, 1845, he married MRs CliaHotle, daughter of Daniel Baldj, of Sunbuiy. 


Bourne was educated in the Her 
of the Rcptiblican party. In Fc 
he now occupies as Chief Burges 

ie<l as chained in second count, publishe! 
combine to buy plantations, drink Maderi: 

evidenee, sum up the case and report as folloire: "Your commiiic 
of the opinion that the official conduct of President Judge Cooi>c 
unjust and precipitate, contrary to sound i>olicy, and dangcroas to 
tion of justice. They therefore submit the following resolution: 

This gentleman was bom in Augusta County, V:x.. June 2.1, 181'2, and was educated 
Ihe schools of the South. He received the degree of A. M., from Roanoke Colli^, 

tinned such for a pt^rioil of twcniy-lwo years. 

plaint. The liberty-loving Deinocmcy of the Sus 
^ance from an aristocratic Englishman and his ju. 

that iie lived in advance of the age. Had Ju.i 
Northumberland in the last three decades of the 
the same characteristics which marked him as a I 

mid not brook such ar 
.-rillcn fifty years after 1 

enlist in his bcfaal: 
Mr. Penrce in hi; 

Northumlwriaiid Couii 

adminible history of Luk 

logv and geology. Ilet 

Thomas Cooper st.eecedcd Jacob Rtish as 

n after Ijr. Priestley. He praelioeii law in 
i judge. He wiLs a man of learning and of 

Icct on that account. He was the firm friend of freedom, and his bold pen caused his 
imprisonment under the Alien and Sedition law. After his release, Goveriiur ilcKean 

his eneiBctic action were doubtless due Ihe quiel and harmony, ihnt speedily ensued in the 
long troubled and unhappy valley of Wyoming. He wa^ impeaelied and wrote a pam- 
phlet in his defense, which jierfcctly demolished the whimsical bosh that was orTered in 
evidence against him at his trial. He died in South Carolina in 1839, greatly respected 
as a gentleman and scholar. 

Tim gentleman is the present Chief But^ess of the borough of Sunbury. He was 
bom in Gcrmantoira, Pa., Jimc 10th, 1822. He was left fatherless at the age of seven. 
Wlien about sixteen, ho was apprenticed lo Ihe macliinisl's trade, for which he i)o=sesscd 

ilion, Judge Jordan asserls 

present day. But, .mdaunlwl by opi>osiii<,n, he addressed hinuielf to his work in^go. 
earnest. He held institutes in the principal towns, delivered educational addn»sC3 

and also in the Pmnsylntnia &Aenr( Joanuil, some of which were necessarily of a eontr 
veiBinI nalnre. 

On Jlay 3d, 1S33, Jlr. Reimensnyder marrletl Miss Susiin M. Bryan, of Augus 
Connly, Va., and has a family of eight children. Tlie oldest son, Conieiius, is , 
Attorney in Toledo, Ohio. Junius B., is a Lutheran paslor, in Savannah, GeoiBii 

a Fillmore, is in the Dnig business in Ck)ate§villc, Pa. 



Tills young gcntlcmmi is tlie prewal SuperintciHlcnt of llic Public Schools, of >'orth- 
nmberland, Pil He was bora in Centre County, tliis Stale, July 25lli, 1848. IVhen he 
was liiglit yeais of age, his fatliei's family moved from PenDsyivania to Jolinson County, 
Joiva, wl.crc Ilicy Rlill rtside. 

In 18C3, young Boiil returned to Pcnnsj'lvania, spent a couple of years at the Acad- 
emy, in MJkou, and oIhjuI a year at the Blooiuaburg Nomml School, after ivbicli he 
entered Lafiiyciic Collie, at Eaatoa, Pa. He was not able, however, on account of pecu- 
niary considernlioDH, to complete the college eountc, having been, since the age of fifteen, 
dependent «|H.n liLs own efTorts for supiwrL 

Accordingly, in 1872, he entered tlie teacher's profession, taking cIiaiBC, for a year, 
of the District Normal School, in Cohimhia County. Thin wna followed by a two years' 
principahthip of Uie Academy, at SIcEweasville. 

In llic SpriiiK iif 1875, Prof. Boal nas brought fonvnrd by his friends, as candidate 

lessor modestly declined the i>roflered compliment. 

In tlie Autumn of tlie same year, lie became die Superintendent of the Public 
Sdiools of Sunbury, and in the Summer of 1S76, was called lo the iwsition which he now 
occupies in Nortliumbcrland. Of tins cluinge, the SbrlAumberland Coanly Danocrat, 

"We very much regret Uiat lie is going lo leave lis. Ho lias been with us but one 

time in the past. His strict discipline, nlwaj-s administered ivith the utmost impartiality, 
and liis thorough nielhods of instruction, have gained for him mnny warm frletds among 
those of our connnuniiy who appreciate education an<l are capable of judging and appre- 
ciating the merits of a teacher. He is a chrisliun gentleman and a thorough classical 
scholar. We congratulate the Board of Directors for their eminently wise selection, and 
the ciHiens of Northumlicrland for having a Board of Directors who seek to serve so well 
the interests of their constituents." 


Tlic Bohject of this nolicG is the Clerk of CommiBsionets of Northumberland 
unty, Pa. " 

He was horn in this County, on the 2-lih day of July, 1830. He was reared upon a 
■m, and enjoyed only the limited facilities of ihc ordinarj- \\'iiiter term of the early-day 
iimon-school. By improving such advantages as he hud, however, lie fitted himself 
teach, and, at tlie age of M.tlcen, taught a Winter school, in the vicinity of his home. 

Being e 

In 1858, he wan electi'd Ju.'itiee of the Peace, of Jordan township, has been nhelecled 
each term since, and still holds the poniition, which fact is a gratifying testimonial to liis 
popularity, an public magistrate. 

Solomon Coleman, of SchuylkiU Coonty, Pa. Hia family consists of two daughters. 

In 1872, he was appointed Clerk to the Board of Couimissiotiere, of Nortluunherland 
County, and held tlic office one year, when he was siiceeciled by un occupant of a diflerent 

In 1875, he was ngain appointed to tlie position which be now occupies. 
'S<iuirc Sehwarlr is a genial, accommodating gentleman, and a good citizen. 

^ gentleman was bom in Iforthumberhind County, Pa., January 4th, 1844. 
o labor from hia early bpj-hood, he had but fe\v educational advunlngcs. 

c-and-a-half jiounds, be entered the army ils u volunteer for nine montlis" serv